585 results match your criteria Charcot-Marie-Tooth and Other Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies


Disease Modeling and Therapeutic Strategies in CMT2A: State of the Art.

Mol Neurobiol 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Dino Ferrari Centre, Neuroscience Section, Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation (DEPT), University of Milan, Via Francesco Sforza 35, 20122, Milan, Italy.

Mitofusin 2 (MFN2) is a protein of the mitochondrial outer membrane that belongs to a family of highly conserved dynamin-related GTPases. It is implicated in several intracellular pathways; however, its main role is the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics, in particular mitochondrial fusion. Mutations in MFN2 are associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A (CMT2A), a neurological disorder characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical features, primarily a motor sensory neuropathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-019-1533-2DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Genetic screening of the genes interacting with Drosophila FIG4 identified a novel link between CMT-causing gene and long noncoding RNAs.

Exp Neurol 2018 12 28;310:1-13. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan; The Center for Advanced Insect Research, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan. Electronic address:

Neuron-specific knockdown of the dFIG4 gene, a Drosophila homologue of human FIG4 and one of the causative genes for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), reduces the locomotive abilities of adult flies, as well as causing defects at neuromuscular junctions, such as reduced synaptic branch length in presynaptic terminals of the motor neurons in third instar larvae. Eye imaginal disc-specific knockdown of dFIG4 induces abnormal morphology of the adult compound eye, the rough eye phenotype. In this study, we carried out modifier screening of the dFIG4 knockdown-induced rough eye phenotype using a set of chromosomal deficiency lines on the second chromosome. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00144886183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expneurol.2018.08.009DOI Listing
December 2018
26 Reads

Targeting myelin lipid metabolism as a potential therapeutic strategy in a model of CMT1A neuropathy.

Nat Commun 2018 08 2;9(1):3025. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Neurogenetics, Max-Planck-Institute of Experimental Medicine, Göttingen, 37075, Germany.

In patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 1A (CMT1A), peripheral nerves display aberrant myelination during postnatal development, followed by slowly progressive demyelination and axonal loss during adult life. Here, we show that myelinating Schwann cells in a rat model of CMT1A exhibit a developmental defect that includes reduced transcription of genes required for myelin lipid biosynthesis. Consequently, lipid incorporation into myelin is reduced, leading to an overall distorted stoichiometry of myelin proteins and lipids with ultrastructural changes of the myelin sheath. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05420-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05420-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6072747PMC
August 2018
32 Reads

What's the Function of Connexin 32 in the Peripheral Nervous System?

Authors:
Mario Bortolozzi

Front Mol Neurosci 2018 10;11:227. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Physics and Astronomy G. Galilei, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Connexin 32 (Cx32) is a fundamental protein in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) as its mutations cause the X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT1X), the second most common form of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy and a demyelinating disease for which there is no effective therapy. Since mutations of the gene encoding Cx32 were first reported in 1993, over 450 different mutations associated with CMT1X including missense, frameshift, deletion and non-sense ones have been identified. Despite the availability of a sizable number of studies focusing on normal and mutated Cx32 channel properties, the crucial role played by Cx32 in the PNS has not yet been elucidated, as well as the molecular pathogenesis of CMT1X. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnmol.2018.00227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048289PMC
July 2018
11 Reads

Drosophila Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Models.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018;1076:97-117

Department of Neurology and Geriatrics, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) was initially described in 1886. It is characterized by defects in the peripheral nervous system, including sensory and motor neurons. Although more than 80 CMT-causing genes have been identified to date, an effective therapy has not yet been developed for this disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0529-0_7DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Structure and dynamics of a human myelin protein P2 portal region mutant indicate opening of the β barrel in fatty acid binding proteins.

BMC Struct Biol 2018 06 25;18(1). Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Faculty of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

Background: Myelin is a multilayered proteolipid sheath wrapped around selected axons in the nervous system. Its constituent proteins play major roles in forming of the highly regular membrane structure. P2 is a myelin-specific protein of the fatty acid binding protein (FABP) superfamily, which is able to stack lipid bilayers together, and it is a target for mutations in the human inherited neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12900-018-0087-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020228PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Cochlear Implantation in Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Med 2018 26;2018:1760978. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Introduction: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a peripheral hereditary neuropathy associated with motor and sensory impairment and can result in profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Currently, the role of cochlear implantation in the setting of CMT and other progressive peripheral neurodegenerative disorders is not well established.

Methods: Case report and review of the English literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1760978DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5892247PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Regulation of the neuropathy-associated Pmp22 gene by a distal super-enhancer.

Hum Mol Genet 2018 08;27(16):2830-2839

Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53705, USA.

Peripheral nerve myelination is adversely affected in the most common form of the hereditary peripheral neuropathy called Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease. This form, classified as CMT1A, is caused by a 1.4 Mb duplication on chromosome 17, which includes the abundantly expressed Schwann cell myelin gene, Peripheral Myelin Protein 22 (PMP22). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddy191DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077802PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Pain in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease: an update.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2018 Apr;76(4):273-276

Setor de doenças Neuromusculares, Departamento de Neurologia / Neurociências, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brasil.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, the most common inherited peripheral neuropathy, has pain as one of its clinical features, yet it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. This literature review assessed data related to pain from CMT to determine its prevalence, type and importance as a symptom, which, unlike other symptoms, is likely to be treated. The research encompassed 2007 to 2017 and included five articles that addressed pain from CMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282x20180021DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

An estimation of the prevalence of genomic disorders using chromosomal microarray data.

J Hum Genet 2018 Jul 24;63(7):795-801. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Multiple genomic disorders result from recurrent deletions or duplications between low copy repeat (LCR) clusters, mediated by nonallelic homologous recombination. These copy number variants (CNVs) often exhibit variable expressivity and/or incomplete penetrance. However, the population prevalence of many genomic disorders has not been estimated accurately. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-018-0451-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019170PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

MFN2 agonists reverse mitochondrial defects in preclinical models of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A.

Science 2018 04;360(6386):336-341

Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Mitofusins (MFNs) promote fusion-mediated mitochondrial content exchange and subcellular trafficking. Mutations in cause neurodegenerative Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A (CMT2A). We showed that MFN2 activity can be determined by Met and His interactions with Asp and Leu and controlled by PINK1 kinase-mediated phosphorylation of adjacent MFN2 Ser Small-molecule mimics of the peptide-peptide interface of MFN2 disrupted this interaction, allosterically activating MFN2 and promoting mitochondrial fusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aao1785DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109362PMC
April 2018
47 Reads
1 Citation
31.480 Impact Factor

Dejerine-Sottas disease in childhood-Genetic and sonographic heterogeneity.

Brain Behav 2018 04 21;8(4):e00919. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Neurology Department The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne Parkville Vic. Australia.

Introduction: The nerve sonographic features of Dejerine-Sottas disease (DSD) have not previously been described.

Methods: This exploratory cross-sectional, matched, case-control study investigated differences in nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) in children with DSD compared to healthy controls and children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A). CSA of the median, ulnar, tibial, and sural nerves was measured by peripheral nerve ultrasound. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.919DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5893341PMC
April 2018
7 Reads

Whole-exome sequencing reveals a novel missense mutation in the MARS gene related to a rare Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2U.

J Peripher Nerv Syst 2018 Jun 9;23(2):138-142. Epub 2018 May 9.

The Human Genetics institute, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is a heterogeneous group of progressive disorders, characterized by chronic motor and sensory polyneuropathy. This hereditary disorder is related to numerous genes and varying inheritance patterns. Thus, many patients do not reach a final genetic diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jns.12264DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Phenotype of CNTNAP1: a study of patients demonstrating a specific severe congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy with survival beyond infancy.

Eur J Hum Genet 2018 06 6;26(6):796-807. Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Department of Clinical Genetics, St Michaels Hospital, Bristol, UK.

CHN is genetically heterogeneous and its genetic basis is difficult to determine on features alone. CNTNAP1 encodes CASPR, integral in the paranodal junction high molecular mass complex. Nineteen individuals with biallelic variants have been described in association with severe congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy, respiratory compromise, profound intellectual disability and death within the first year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41431-018-0110-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974240PMC
June 2018
9 Reads

Hereditary Neuropathies.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018 02;115(6):91-97

Institute of Human Genetics, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen; Department of Neurology, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neuropediatrics and Social Pediatrics, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen; Department of Neuropediatrics, Developmental Medicine and Epileptology, Children's Medical Center; Giessen, University of Giessen; Institute of Neuropathology, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen.

Background: Hereditary peripheral neuropathies constitute a large group of genetic diseases, with an overall prevalence of 1:2500. In recent years, the use of so-called next-generation sequencing (NGS) has led to the identification of many previously unknown involved genes and genetic defects that cause neuropathy. In this article, we review the procedures and utility of genetic evaluation for hereditary neurop - athies, while also considering the implications of the fact that causally directed treatment of these disorders is generally unavailable. Read More

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https://www.aerzteblatt.de/10.3238/arztebl.2018.0091
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2018.0091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5832893PMC
February 2018
15 Reads

Intrathecal gene therapy in mouse models expressing CMT1X mutations.

Hum Mol Genet 2018 04;27(8):1460-1473

Neuroscience Laboratory, The Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics, Cyprus School of Molecular Medicine, 1683 Nicosia, Cyprus.

Gap junction beta-1 (GJB1) gene mutations affecting the gap junction protein connexin32 (Cx32) cause the X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT1X), a common inherited neuropathy. Targeted expression of virally delivered Cx32 in Schwann cells following intrathecal injection of lentiviral vectors in the Cx32 knockout (KO) mouse model of the disease has led to morphological and functional improvement. To examine whether this approach could be effective in CMT1X patients expressing different Cx32 mutants, we treated transgenic Cx32 KO mice expressing the T55I, R75W or N175D CMT1X mutations. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/hmg/article/27/8/1460/4861152
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddy056DOI Listing
April 2018
8 Reads

Neuropathic MORC2 mutations perturb GHKL ATPase dimerization dynamics and epigenetic silencing by multiple structural mechanisms.

Nat Commun 2018 02 13;9(1):651. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Department of Medicine, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK.

Missense mutations in MORC2 cause neuropathies including spinal muscular atrophy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. We recently identified MORC2 as an effector of epigenetic silencing by the human silencing hub (HUSH). Here we report the biochemical and cellular activities of MORC2 variants, alongside crystal structures of wild-type and neuropathic forms of a human MORC2 fragment comprising the GHKL-type ATPase module and CW-type zinc finger. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03045-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5811534PMC
February 2018
14 Reads

The role of tRNA synthetases in neurological and neuromuscular disorders.

FEBS Lett 2018 03 1;592(5):703-717. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Wellcome Centre for Mitochondrial Research, Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) are ubiquitously expressed enzymes responsible for charging tRNAs with their cognate amino acids, therefore essential for the first step in protein synthesis. Although the majority of protein synthesis happens in the cytosol, an additional translation apparatus is required to translate the 13 mitochondrial DNA-encoded proteins important for oxidative phosphorylation. Most ARS genes in these cellular compartments are distinct, but two genes are common, encoding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases of glycine (GARS) and lysine (KARS) in both mitochondria and the cytosol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.12962DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5873386PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Early-onset axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease due to SACS mutation.

Neuromuscul Disord 2018 Feb 24;28(2):169-172. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Division of Neuromuscular Diseases, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) represents an expanding group of inherited motor and sensory neuropathies in clinical practice. SACS-gene related disorders have been associated with complex neurological phenotypes of early-onset cerebellar ataxia, spastic-ataxia, spastic paraplegia, demyelinating neuropathy and variable ophthalmological, cognitive and psychiatric disturbances, but never related to pure axonal neuropathy phenotypes. Two unrelated Brazilian men with early-onset axonal CMT-like presentations associated with SACS gene mutations are presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmd.2017.11.008DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

The spectrum of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease due to myelin protein zero: An electrodiagnostic, nerve ultrasound and histological study.

Clin Neurophysiol 2018 01 20;129(1):21-32. Epub 2017 Oct 20.

Neurology Division, Pederzoli Hospital, Peschiera del Garda, Verona, Italy.

Objective: Nerve ultrasound (US) data on myelin protein zero (MPZ)-related Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) are lacking. To offer a comprehensive perspective on MPZ-related CMTs, we combined nerve US with clinics, electrodiagnosis and histopathology.

Methods: We recruited 36 patients (12 MPZ mutations), and correlated nerve US to clinical, electrodiagnostic measures, and sural nerve biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2017.09.117DOI Listing
January 2018
21 Reads

A nonstop variant in REEP1 causes peripheral neuropathy by unmasking a 3'UTR-encoded, aggregation-inducing motif.

Hum Mutat 2018 02 27;39(2):193-196. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Department of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany.

Single-nucleotide variants that abolish the stop codon ("nonstop" alterations) are a unique type of substitution in genomic DNA. Whether they confer instability of the mutant mRNA or result in expression of a C-terminally extended protein depends on the absence or presence of a downstream in-frame stop codon, respectively. Of the predicted protein extensions, only few have been functionally characterized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23369DOI Listing
February 2018
14 Reads

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease 1X Simulating Paraparetic Guillain-Barre Syndrome.

Neurologist 2017 Nov;22(6):234-236

2nd Neurology Department, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT 1X) is the second most common form of inherited demyelinating neuropathy. It is established that patients suffering from CMT 1X can have episodes of hemiparesis, paraparesis, quadriparesis, ataxia, aphasia, and dysarthria, which can be fully reversible, and 'trigger' factors for these episodes are usually febrile illness, high altitudes, hyperventilation, and physical activity. We describe a 22-year-old patient with a history of viral infection and sleep deprivation who presented to our department because of acute difficulty in walking and neurophysiological findings suggesting Guillain-Barre syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NRL.0000000000000143DOI Listing
November 2017
18 Reads

Characterization of Charcot-Marie-Tooth optic neuropathy.

J Neurol 2017 12 23;264(12):2431-2435. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

Varying degrees of optic neuropathy can be seen in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. To define and characterize the extent of optic neuropathy in patients with CMT2A and CMT1A, two patients from both sub-classifications were evaluated. All patients underwent complete neuro-ophthalmic examinations, and optical coherence (OCT) measurements of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell layer complex (GCC) were obtained, along with pattern visual evoked potential (VEP) and pattern electroretinogram (ERG) recordings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-017-8645-2DOI Listing
December 2017
3 Reads

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease and Other Genetic Polyneuropathies.

Continuum (Minneap Minn) 2017 10;23(5, Peripheral Nerve and Motor Neuron Disorders):1360-1377

Purpose Of Review: Genetic polyneuropathies are rare and clinically heterogeneous. This article provides an overview of the clinical features, neurologic and electrodiagnostic findings, and management strategies for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and other genetic polyneuropathies as well as an algorithm for genetic testing.

Recent Findings: In the past 10 years, many of the mutations causing genetic polyneuropathies have been identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/CON.0000000000000529DOI Listing
October 2017

A novel missense mutation in AIFM1 results in axonal polyneuropathy and misassembly of OXPHOS complexes.

Eur J Neurol 2017 12 7;24(12):1499-1506. Epub 2017 Oct 7.

Department of Neurology, Center for Human Genetic Research and Vanderbilt Brain Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.

Background And Purpose: Apoptosis-inducing factor mitochondrion-associated-1 (AIFM1) in mitochondria has captured a great deal of attention due to its well-described function in apoptosis. Mutations in AIFM1 have resulted in multiple clinical phenotypes, including X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4. These syndromes usually involve multiple locations within the nervous system and/or multiple organs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.13452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5693754PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Different nerve ultrasound patterns in charcot-marie-tooth types and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies.

Muscle Nerve 2018 Jan 24;57(1):E18-E23. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Department of Neurosciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Introduction: Nerve ultrasound in Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease has focused mostly on the upper limbs. We performed an evaluation of a large cohort of CMT patients in which we sonographically characterized nerve abnormalities in different disease types, ages, and nerves.

Methods: Seventy patients affected by different CMT types and hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) were evaluated, assessing median, ulnar, fibular, tibial, and sural nerves bilaterally. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mus.25766
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.25766DOI Listing
January 2018
50 Reads

Cross-sectional analysis of a large cohort with X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX1).

Neurology 2017 Aug 2;89(9):927-935. Epub 2017 Aug 2.

From the Department of Neurology (F.B.P., D.N.H.), University of Rochester Medical Center, NY; MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases (M.L., A.M.R., M.M.R.), UCL Institute of Neurology, UK; Department of Neurology (C.P., D.P.), Carlo Besta Neurological Institute, Milan, Italy; Department of Neurosciences (G.P.), Institute of Telese Terme (BN), Italy; Children's Hospital at Westmead (J.B.), University of Sydney, Australia; Department of Neurology (J.L.), Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN; Neuromuscular Program (S.W.Y.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Department of Neurology (R.A.L.), Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Neurology (J.D.), Stanford University, CA; Institute of Genetic Medicine (R.H.), Newcastle University, UK; Department of Neurology (M.E.S.), University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics; and Department of Neurology (S.S.S.), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Objective: To extend the phenotypic description of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX1) and to draw new genotype-phenotype relationships.

Methods: Mutations in cause the main X-linked form of CMTX (CMTX1). We report cross-sectional data from 160 patients (from 120 different families, with 89 different mutations) seen at the Inherited Neuropathies Consortium centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000004296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5577965PMC
August 2017
25 Reads

Whole-exome sequencing is a valuable diagnostic tool for inherited peripheral neuropathies: Outcomes from a cohort of 50 families.

Clin Genet 2018 02 12;93(2):301-309. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

The inherited peripheral neuropathies (IPNs) are characterized by marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity and include relatively frequent presentations such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and hereditary motor neuropathy, as well as more rare conditions where peripheral neuropathy is associated with additional features. There are over 250 genes known to cause IPN-related disorders but it is estimated that in approximately 50% of affected individuals a molecular diagnosis is not achieved. In this study, we examine the diagnostic utility of whole-exome sequencing (WES) in a cohort of 50 families with 1 or more affected individuals with a molecularly undiagnosed IPN with or without additional features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cge.13101DOI Listing
February 2018
9 Reads

New developments in Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy and related diseases.

Curr Opin Neurol 2017 10;30(5):471-480

Unit of Rare Neurological Diseases of Adulthood, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, C. Besta Neurological Institute IRCCS Foundation, Milan, Italy.

Purpose Of Review: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) and related neuropathies represent a heterogeneous group of hereditary disorders. The present review will discuss the most recent advances in the field.

Recent Findings: Knowledge of CMT epidemiology and frequency of the main associated genes is increasing, with an overall prevalence estimated at 10-28/100 000. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WCO.0000000000000474DOI Listing
October 2017
8 Reads

Compound heterozygosity for loss-of-function GARS variants results in a multisystem developmental syndrome that includes severe growth retardation.

Hum Mutat 2017 10 14;38(10):1412-1420. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) are ubiquitously expressed enzymes that ligate amino acids onto tRNA molecules. Genes encoding ARSs have been implicated in myriad dominant and recessive disease phenotypes. Glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GARS) is a bifunctional ARS that charges tRNA in the cytoplasm and mitochondria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5599332PMC
October 2017
19 Reads

Abnormal neurofilament inclusions and segregations in dorsal root ganglia of a Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2E mouse model.

PLoS One 2017 27;12(6):e0180038. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Department of Pathology and Cell Biology and Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, New York, United States of America.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease or hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy is the most prevalent inherited peripheral neuropathy and is associated with over 90 causative genes. Mutations in neurofilament light polypeptide gene, NEFL cause CMT2E, an axonal form of CMT that results in abnormal structures and/or functions of peripheral axons in spinal cord motor neurons and dorsal root ganglion neurons. We have previously generated and characterized a knock-in mouse model of CMT2E with the N98S mutation in Nefl that presented with multiple inclusions in spinal cord neurons. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0180038PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5487060PMC
September 2017
30 Reads

Mitochondrial deficits and abnormal mitochondrial retrograde axonal transport play a role in the pathogenesis of mutant Hsp27-induced Charcot Marie Tooth Disease.

Hum Mol Genet 2017 09;26(17):3313-3326

Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders.

Mutations in the small heat shock protein Hsp27, encoded by the HSPB1 gene, have been shown to cause Charcot Marie Tooth Disease type 2 (CMT-2) or distal hereditary motor neuropathy (dHMN). Protein aggregation and axonal transport deficits have been implicated in the disease. In this study, we conducted analysis of bidirectional movements of mitochondria in primary motor neuron axons expressing wild type and mutant Hsp27. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddx216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5808738PMC
September 2017
26 Reads

Genetic and clinical characteristics of -related Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2017 07 13;88(7):575-585. Epub 2017 May 13.

MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK.

Objectives: To analyse and describe the clinical and genetic spectrum of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) caused by mutations in the neurofilament light polypeptide gene ().

Methods: Combined analysis of newly identified patients with -related CMT and all previously reported cases from the literature.

Results: Five new unrelated patients with CMT carrying the mutations P8R and N98S and the novel variant L311P were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2016-315077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5580821PMC
July 2017
73 Reads

LRSAM1-mediated ubiquitylation is disrupted in axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease 2P.

Hum Mol Genet 2017 06;26(11):2034-2041

Department of Clinical Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease type 2 is a genetically heterogeneous group of inherited neuropathies characterized by motor and sensory deficits as a result of peripheral axonal degeneration. We recently reported a frameshift (FS) mutation in the Really Interesting New Gene finger (RING) domain of LRSAM1 (c.2121_2122dup, p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddx089DOI Listing
June 2017
23 Reads

Phenotypic spectrum of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease due to LITAF/SIMPLE mutations: a study of 18 patients.

Eur J Neurol 2017 03;24(3):530-538

Centre de Référence des Maladies Neuromusculaires Paris Est, Institut de Myologie, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris, France.

Background And Purpose: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) 1C due to mutations in LITAF/SIMPLE is a rare subtype amongst the autosomal dominant demyelinating forms of CMT. Our objective was to report the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of 18 CMT1C patients and compare them to 20 patients with PMP22 mutations: 10 CMT1A patients and 10 patients with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP).

Methods: Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1C patients were followed-up in referral centres for neuromuscular diseases or were identified by familial survey. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ene.13239
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.13239DOI Listing
March 2017
24 Reads

Clinical diversity caused by novel IGHMBP2 variants.

J Hum Genet 2017 Jun 9;62(6):599-604. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Department of Neurology and Geriatrics, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima City, Japan.

Immunoglobulin helicase μ-binding protein 2 (IGHMBP2) gene is responsible for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 2S and spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1). From June 2014 to December 2015, we collected 408 cases, who referred to our genetic laboratory for genetic analysis, suspected with CMT disease or other inherited peripheral neuropathies (IPNs) on the basis of clinical manifestations and electrophysiological studies. Mutation screening was performed using Ion AmpliSeq Custom Panels, which comprise 72 disease-causing or candidate genes of IPNs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jhg.2017.15DOI Listing
June 2017
27 Reads

Double-paddle peroneal flap for extensive lip defect reconstruction.

Microsurgery 2017 Sep 7;37(6):558-563. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Introduction: Today, reconstructive surgeons offer an array of options to reconstruct the lip defects. Herein we present our experience of using free double-paddle peroneal flaps for extensive lip defect reconstruction.

Patients And Methods: From 1996 to 2014, 16 patients with extensive lip defects after tumor ablation were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/micr.30136DOI Listing
September 2017
31 Reads

Mutant HSPB1 causes loss of translational repression by binding to PCBP1, an RNA binding protein with a possible role in neurodegenerative disease.

Acta Neuropathol Commun 2017 01 11;5(1). Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Peripheral Neuropathy Group, Department of Molecular Genetics, VIB, Institute Born Bunge and University of Antwerp, Antwerpen, Belgium.

The small heat shock protein HSPB1 (Hsp27) is an ubiquitously expressed molecular chaperone able to regulate various cellular functions like actin dynamics, oxidative stress regulation and anti-apoptosis. So far disease causing mutations in HSPB1 have been associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as distal hereditary motor neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Most mutations in HSPB1 target its highly conserved α-crystallin domain, while other mutations affect the C- or N-terminal regions or its promotor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40478-016-0407-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5225548PMC
January 2017
18 Reads

The Effect of a Novel c.820C>T (Arg274Trp) Mutation in the Mitofusin 2 Gene on Fibroblast Metabolism and Clinical Manifestation in a Patient.

PLoS One 2017 11;12(1):e0169999. Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Molecular Biology Unit, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, PAS, Warsaw, Poland.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A (CMT2A) is an autosomal dominant axonal peripheral neuropathy caused by mutations in the mitofusin 2 gene (MFN2). Mitofusin 2 is a GTPase protein present in the outer mitochondrial membrane and responsible for regulation of mitochondrial network architecture via the fusion of mitochondria. As that fusion process is known to be strongly dependent on the GTPase activity of mitofusin 2, it is postulated that the MFN2 mutation within the GTPase domain may lead to impaired GTPase activity, and in turn to mitochondrial dysfunction. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0169999PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5226824PMC
August 2017
12 Reads

Loss of Coupling Distinguishes GJB1 Mutations Associated with CNS Manifestations of CMT1X from Those Without CNS Manifestations.

Sci Rep 2017 01 10;7:40166. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago IL, USA.

CMT1X, an X-linked inherited neuropathy, is caused by mutations in GJB1, which codes for Cx32, a gap junction protein expressed by Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. Many GJB1 mutations cause central nervous system (CNS) abnormality in males, including stable subclinical signs and, less often, short-duration episodes characterized by motor difficulties and altered consciousness. However, some mutations have no apparent CNS effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep40166DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5223219PMC
January 2017
4 Reads

Abl2 kinase phosphorylates Bi-organellar regulator MNRR1 in mitochondria, stimulating respiration.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 2017 Feb 30;1864(2):440-448. Epub 2016 Nov 30.

Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. Electronic address:

We previously showed that MNRR1 (Mitochondrial Nuclear Retrograde Regulator 1, also CHCHD2) functions in two subcellular compartments, displaying a different function in each. In the mitochondria it is a stress regulator of respiration that binds to cytochrome c oxidase (COX) whereas in the nucleus it is a transactivator of COX4I2 and other hypoxia-stimulated genes. We now show that binding of MNRR1 to COX is promoted by phosphorylation at tyrosine-99 and that this interaction stimulates respiration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2016.11.029DOI Listing
February 2017
11 Reads

Towards a functional pathology of hereditary neuropathies.

Acta Neuropathol 2017 04 28;133(4):493-515. Epub 2016 Nov 28.

Friedrich-Baur-Institute, Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Ziemssenstr. 1a, 80336, Munich, Germany.

A growing number of hereditary neuropathies have been assigned to causative gene defects in recent years. The study of human nerve biopsy samples has contributed substantially to the discovery of many of these neuropathy genes. Genotype-phenotype correlations based on peripheral nerve pathology have provided a comprehensive picture of the consequences of these mutations. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00401-016-1645-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00401-016-1645-yDOI Listing
April 2017
21 Reads

Cranial nerve involvement in Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease.

J Clin Neurosci 2017 Mar 22;37:59-62. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale School of Medicine, Box 208042, Tompkins East 2, 333 Cedar St, New Haven, CT 06520-8042, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) is a rare disorder with less than 200,000 cases reported in the US every year, making diagnosis challenging. MR and CT imaging has become more common in the evaluation of CMT to identify areas of disease involvement.

Case Report: A 27-year-old female from Guatemala with a past history of polio initially presented to the emergency room for necrotizing pneumonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2016.10.049DOI Listing
March 2017
18 Reads

Modeling Drug-Induced Neuropathy Using Human iPSCs for Predictive Toxicology.

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2017 Jun 11;101(6):754-762. Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Center for iPS Cells for Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Drugs under development can cause unpredicted toxicity in humans due to differential drug responsiveness between humans and other disease models, resulting in clinical trial failures. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are expected to represent a useful tool for toxicity testing. However, among many assays, appropriate cellular assays for predicting neurotoxicity in an iPSC-based model are still uncertain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpt.562DOI Listing
June 2017
10 Reads

Increased mitochondrial fusion in a autosomal recessive CMT2A family with mitochondrial GTPase mitofusin 2 mutations.

J Peripher Nerv Syst 2016 12;21(4):365-369

PREMMi/Mitochondrial Medicine Research Centre, Institut MITOVASC, CNRS UMR 6214, INSERM U1083, Université d'Angers, CHU d'Angers, Angers, France.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2A disease (CMT2A) is an inherited peripheral neuropathy mainly caused by mutations in the MFN2 gene coding for the mitochondrial fusion protein mitofusin 2. Although the disease is mainly inherited in a dominant fashion, few cases of early-onset autosomal recessive CMT2A (AR-CMT2A) have been reported in recent years. In this study, we characterized the structure of the mitochondrial network in cultured primary fibroblasts obtained from AR-CMT2A family members. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jns.12192DOI Listing
December 2016
16 Reads

Late-Onset Friedreich's Ataxia (LOFA) Mimicking Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 2: What Is Similar and What Is Different?

Cerebellum 2017 04;16(2):599-601

Division of General Neurology and Ataxia Unit, Department of Neurology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Herein, we report a patient that presented with late-onset progressive steppage gait, neuropathy and pes cavus, suggesting Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. Subsequent genetic investigation confirmed Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA). We demonstrate that late-onset Friedreich's ataxia (LOFA) may be a CMT mimicker. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12311-016-0822-9DOI Listing
April 2017
13 Reads

Painful Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2E/1F due to a novel NEFL mutation.

Muscle Nerve 2017 May 13;55(5):752-755. Epub 2017 Feb 13.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Josef-Schneider-Strasse 11, 97080 Würzburg, Germany.

Introduction: Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy (CMT) 2E/1F is caused by mutations in the neurofilament light-chain polypeptide (NEFL) gene. Giant axons are a histological hallmark frequently seen in nerves of patients with CMT2E.

Methods: We describe the case of a 43-year-old patient with a painful, predominantly sensory neuropathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mus.25410DOI Listing
May 2017
12 Reads

Systemic inflammation disrupts oligodendrocyte gap junctions and induces ER stress in a model of CNS manifestations of X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Acta Neuropathol Commun 2016 09 1;4(1):95. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Neuroscience Laboratory, The Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics and Cyprus School of Molecular Medicine, Nicosia, Cyprus.

X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT1X) is a common form of inherited neuropathy resulting from different mutations affecting the gap junction (GJ) protein connexin32 (Cx32). A subset of CMT1X patients may additionally present with acute fulminant CNS dysfunction, typically triggered by conditions of systemic inflammation and metabolic stress. To clarify the underlying mechanisms of CNS phenotypes in CMT1X we studied a mouse model of systemic inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection to compare wild type (WT), connexin32 (Cx32) knockout (KO), and KO T55I mice expressing the T55I Cx32 mutation associated with CNS phenotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40478-016-0369-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5009701PMC
September 2016
27 Reads

[Analysis of heterozygous duplication of PMP22 gene in a pedigree affected with Charcot Marie Tooth disease].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2016 Oct;33(5):649-52

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China; Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and related Obstetric, Gynecologic and Pediatric Diseases of Ministry of Education, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China. Email:

Objective: To analyze mutation of the PMP22 gene in a pedigree affected with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the proband and members from his family, and fetal DNA was extracted from amniotic fluid sample. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) analyses were carried out to determine the copy number of the PMP22 gene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2016.05.015DOI Listing
October 2016
14 Reads

A novel synonymous mutation in the MPZ gene causing an aberrant splicing pattern and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1b.

Neuromuscul Disord 2016 08 24;26(8):516-20. Epub 2016 May 24.

Human Genetics Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences, Amedeo Avogadro University, Via Solaroli 17, 28100 Novara, Italy; Interdisciplinary Research Center of Autoimmune Diseases (IRCAD), Amedeo Avogadro University, Novara, Italy.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is an inherited peripheral neuropathy with a heterogeneous genetic background. Here, we describe two CMT1B families with a mild sensory-motor neuropathy and a novel synonymous variant (c.309G > T, p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nmd.2016.05.011DOI Listing