61,753 results match your criteria Cesarean Delivery


Duration of first vaginal birth following cesarean: Is stage of labor at previous cesarean a factor?

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 Jun 29;252:344-348. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objective: Parturients in second delivery undergoing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) are divided to those who had their cesarean delivery (CD) while in labor as opposed to those who had an elective CD. We aimed to study if the stage of labor that was present during the primary CD is associated with the duration of subsequent spontaneous VBAC.

Methods: A retrospective study (2006-2014). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.06.060DOI Listing

Probable Vertical Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Infection.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

National Infection Service, Public Health England, London.

Background: To date, although neonatal infections with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronovirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been described, none of these have been proven to be the result of vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2.

Methods: We describe the probable vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a neonate born to a mother with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Results: Following cesarean section, the neonate was kept in strict isolation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002821DOI Listing

Clinical Evaluation of Scar Quality Following the Use of Prophylactic Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in Obese Women Undergoing Cesarean Delivery: A Trial-Based Scar Evaluation.

Ann Plast Surg 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Odense University Hospital, Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark.

Objective: To evaluate the cosmetic result of using incisional negative-pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) compared with standard postsurgical dressings in obese women undergoing cesarean delivery (CD).

Methods: Postcesarean scars were objectively evaluated 6 and 12 months postsurgery by a plastic surgeon using the Manchester Scar Scale and the Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale. Subjective scar evaluation and health-related quality of life were assessed using the Patient Scar Assessment Scale and the EQ-5D-5L instrument, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000002468DOI Listing

Extracorporeal Life Support in Hemorrhagic Conditions: A Systematic Review.

ASAIO J 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

From the ECLS Centrum, Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Department, and Cardiology Department, Heart & Vascular Centre, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is indicated in refractory acute respiratory or cardiac failure. According to the need for anticoagulation, bleeding conditions (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAT.0000000000001216DOI Listing

COVID-19: review of case reports.

Authors:
Yutaka Oda

J Anesth 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, Osaka City Juso Hospital, 2-12-27, Nonaka-kita, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, 532-0034, Japan.

Recently published case reports relating to anesthesia in patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) were reviewed. The diagnosis of COVID-19 was confirmed by positive results of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Numerous reports handled emergency cesarean delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-020-02825-4DOI Listing

Intimate partner violence among postpartum women at a teaching hospital in Nigeria's Federal Capital City: pattern and materno-fetal outcomes.

Ther Adv Reprod Health 2020 Jan-Dec;14:2633494120928346. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Abuja/University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Intimate partner violence is an important public health and human rights issue. Previous studies have considered intimate partner violence in pregnancy mainly among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics thereby missing out a few who may encounter this problem in late pregnancy or just before delivery. This study had the objective of ascertaining the prevalence, pattern of intimate partner violence, and associated materno-fetal outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2633494120928346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7328348PMC

Development of New Lesions of Hidradenitis Suppurativa on a Caesarean Section Scar: A Manifestation of the Koebner Phenomenon?

Skin Appendage Disord 2020 Jun 12;6(3):155-157. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Andreas Sygros Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory, recurrent skin disorder of the hair follicle. Trauma, mechanical pressure, or friction could have an important role in the pathogenesis of HS. We present a patient with HS who developed new HS lesions shortly after a cesarean section, which could be explained by the Koebner phenomenon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505821DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325200PMC

Severe Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage after Warning Headache during Pregnancy: A Case Report.

J Nippon Med Sch 2020 ;87(3):162-165

Department of Neurological Surgery, Nippon Medical School.

Background: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a rare but important cause of maternal death during pregnancy.

Case Description: A 34-year-old primigravida (31 weeks of pregnancy) with acute headache but no neurological deficits or neck stiffness was prescribed medication and returned home. Four weeks later she presented with severe headache and consciousness disturbance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2020_87-308DOI Listing
January 2020

Pregnancy outcomes in women with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Jul 13:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Purpose: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is an inherited connective tissue disorder caused by abnormal collagen synthesis. Little is known about its effects on pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes in women with EDS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1767574DOI Listing

The key to saving the maternal life is repair of type A aortic dissection rather than cesarean section alone.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jul;59(4):623-624

Department of Radiology, Ningbo First Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2020.05.031DOI Listing

Evaluation of Complications in Postpartum Women Receiving Therapeutic Anticoagulation.

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Division of Internal Medicine, Hôpital de Lasalle, CIUSSS de l'Ouest-de-l'Île, the Division of Internal and Obstetric Medicine, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, the Centre de Recherche Université de Montréal, and the Division of Obstetric Medicine, CHU-Sainte-Justine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, and the Division of Nephrology and Obstetric Medicine, CIUSSS de l'Estrie-CHUS, the Division of Obstetric Medicine, CIUSSS de l'Estrie-CHUS, the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, CIUSSS de l'Estrie-CHUS, the Department of Medicine, CIUSSS de l'Estrie-CHUS, Research Professional, and the Division of Internal and Obstetric Medicine, CIUSSS de l'Estrie-CHUS, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.

Objective: To evaluate complications associated with early postpartum therapeutic anticoagulation.

Methods: A multicenter retrospective cohort study was done to evaluate the association between therapeutic anticoagulation postpartum and major complications (hemorrhagic and wound complications). Secondary outcomes included minor complications, risk factors associated with total complications (including the time to therapeutic anticoagulation resumption after delivery) and recurrent thrombotic events within 6 weeks postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003971DOI Listing

Prediction Model for Vaginal Birth After Induction of Labor in Women With Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy.

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women & Infants Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, and the Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island.

Objective: To identify characteristics associated with vaginal delivery compared with cesarean delivery after labor induction among women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and to develop and validate a prediction model to assist in clinical care.

Methods: We studied a retrospective cohort of women with singleton pregnancies who had hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and who underwent induction of labor at 34 weeks of gestation or more from January 1, 2002, to March 31, 2013. Exclusion criteria included spontaneous labor, prelabor cesarean delivery, and known fetal anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003938DOI Listing

Resident and Program Director Confidence in Resident Surgical Preparedness in Obstetrics and Gynecologic Training Programs.

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York; the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC; and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reading Hospital/Tower Health, Drexel University College of Medicine, Reading, Pennsylvania.

Objective: To assess self-reported readiness of U.S. obstetrics and gynecology residents to perform surgical procedures compared with the perceptions of their program directors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003990DOI Listing

Association of Obstetric and Neonatal Outcomes With Deviation From Guidelines for Gestational Carriers.

Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, the Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, and the Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California; and the University of Utah Center for Reproductive Medicine and the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Utah Health, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Objective: To evaluate whether deviation from American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) safety guidelines for women who are gestational carriers is associated with increased risk of severe obstetric and perinatal morbidity and mortality.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of births from gestational carrier pregnancies in Utah from 2009 to 2018 with data collected from birth certificates. Deviations from ASRM guidelines include women aged younger than 21 years or older than 45 years, nulliparity, prior stillbirth, tobacco or percutaneous drug use, more than five prior deliveries, more than three prior cesarean deliveries, major comorbidities, and mental health conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003918DOI Listing

Management of the Category II Fetal Heart Rate Tracing.

Clin Obstet Gynecol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Women and Newborns, Intermountain Healthcare, Department of OBGYN, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Management of the category II fetal heart rate (FHR) tracing presents a common challenge in obstetrics. Up to 80% of women will have a category II FHR tracing at some point during labor. Here we propose a management algorithm to identify specific features of the FHR tracing that correlate with risk for fetal acidemia, target interventions to address FHR decelerations, and guide clinicians about when to proceed toward operative vaginal delivery or cesarean to achieve delivery before there is a high risk for significant fetal acidemia with potential for neurological injury or death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GRF.0000000000000551DOI Listing

Opioid use disorder and maternal outcomes following cesarean delivery: a multistate analysis, 2007-2014.

J Comp Eff Res 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Weill Cornell Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, 525 East 68th Street, Box 124, New York, NY 10065, USA.

To examine the association between opioid use disorder (OUD) and maternal outcomes following cesarean delivery. Retrospective analysis of over 2.4 million discharge records for in-patient cesarean delivery across five states from 2007 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/cer-2020-0050DOI Listing

Three cases of lung cancer in pregnancy and literature review.

Ann Palliat Med 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: The incidence of tumors during pregnancy is 1ntscomprising 0.07-0.1% of all malignant tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/apm-20-999DOI Listing

Maternal Outcomes of Ongoing Pregnancies Complicated by Fetal Life-Limiting Conditions.

Am J Perinatol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Objective:  This study aimed to examine maternal outcomes of ongoing pregnancies complicated by fetal life-limiting conditions.

Study Design:  This was a retrospective matched cohort study of women with a diagnosis of fetal life-limiting condition between 2010 and 2018 in a single academic center. Cases were matched to controls (women who had normal fetal anatomic survey) according to year of delivery, body mass index, and parity in a 1:4 ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1713927DOI Listing

Seven-Year Case-Control Study in California of Risk Factors for Infant Botulism.

J Pediatr 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Infant Botulism Treatment and Prevention Program, California Department of Public Health, 850 Marina Bay Parkway Richmond, CA 94804. Electronic address:

Objective: To ascertain possible risk factors for infant botulism, the intestinal infectious form of human botulism, in the years immediately following its initial recognition in California in 1976..

Study Design: Parents of 159 California laboratory-confirmed cases of infant botulism from 1976-1983 and 318 healthy controls were interviewed using a comprehensive (>300 factors) questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.07.014DOI Listing

Association of traction force and adverse neonatal outcome in vacuum assisted vaginal delivery: a prospective cohort study.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Children and Women´s Health, Karolinska University hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: Traction force is a possible risk factor for adverse neonatal outcome in vacuum extraction delivery, but the knowledge is scarce and further investigation is needed. Our hypothesis was that high level traction force increases the risk of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit.

Material And Methods: The study was a hospital based prospective cohort study on low and mid vacuum extractions at the labor and delivery ward, Karolinska University hospital, Huddinge, Sweden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13952DOI Listing

High-quality human preimplantation embryos stimulate endometrial stromal cell migration via secretion of microRNA hsa-miR-320a.

Hum Reprod 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Reproductive Biology Laboratory, Center for Reproductive Medicine, Amsterdam Reproduction & Development Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Study Question: How do high-quality human preimplantation embryos influence the endometrium to promote their own implantation?

Summary Answer: High-quality human preimplantation embryos secrete a specific microRNA (miRNA), hsa-miR-320a, which promotes migration of human endometrial stromal cells (hESCs).

What Is Known Already: We have previously shown that high-quality human preimplantation embryos excrete unknown factors that influence migration of hESCs.

Study Design, Size, Duration: Embryo excreted miRNAs, specifically those excreted by high-quality embryos, were identified and their effect on hESCs was determined by measuring the migration capacity and gene expression patterns of primary isolated hESCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humrep/deaa149DOI Listing

Safety of Pregnancy in Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Dependent Women: Meta-analysis and Systematic Review of the Literature.

Neurol India 2020 May-Jun;68(3):548-554

Department of Neurosurgery, Khoula Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of, Oman.

Objective: To assess the safety of pregnancy in ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt-dependent women.

Methods: Three electronic databases MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched to identify studies published in English between 1950 and 2019. We additionally searched Web of Science, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.288995DOI Listing

Spontaneous unscarred uterine rupture and surgical repair at 11 weeks of gestation in a twin pregnancy.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Fukushima Medical Center for Children and Women, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.

A uterine rupture may result in a massive hemoperitoneum, which can be fatal to both the fetus and mother. Most uterine ruptures during pregnancy occur within a scarred uterus, rarely occurring in an unscarred uterus. Here, we report a very rare case of spontaneous rupture in an unscarred uterus at 11 weeks of gestation of a twin pregnancy and its surgical repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.14396DOI Listing

Vacuum extraction in twin deliveries-maternal and neonatal consequences: a retrospective cohort study.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Affiliated with the Hebrew University Medical School of Jerusalem, 12 Bayit, Jerusalem, Israel.

Purpose: To establish the frequency of vacuum extraction among parturients with twin pregnancies, identify the risk factors and perinatal outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective cohort database study was conducted between 2005-2018. Twin fetuses with vertex presentation >34 weeks gestation who achieved vaginal delivery were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-020-05668-2DOI Listing

The analgesic efficacy of quadratus lumborum block in caesarean delivery: a meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis.

J Anesth 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Anesthesia, Washington University in Saint Louis, Saint Louis, MO, USA.

Purpose: Quadratus lumborum block (QLB) has recently gained popularity for postoperative analgesia after cesarean delivery (CD) as it provides both visceral and somato-sensory blockade of the abdomen. Aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the analgesic potential of QLB after CD.

Methods: Electronic database from inception to December 2019 was searched systematically for randomized-controlled trials comparing QLB with injection of inactive solution in women undergoing CD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-020-02822-7DOI Listing

Isolated Fetal Ascites: A Rare Cause.

Cureus 2020 Jun 3;12(6):e8433. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Neonatology, Zulekha Hospital, Dubai, ARE.

A moderately preterm, 2.68 kg, male child was born to para 3 live 3 mother by Cesarean delivery done in view of preterm labor with fetal ascites. The baby had antenatally detected ascites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336715PMC

Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy, Cesarean Delivery, and Severe Maternal Morbidity in an Urban Safety Net Population.

Am J Epidemiol 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University School of Medicine.

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are a leading cause of severe maternal morbidity (SMM), yet mediation by cesarean delivery is largely unexplored. We investigated the association between HDP and SMM in a cohort of deliveries at a safety net institution in Atlanta, Georgia during 2016-2018. Using multivariable generalized linear models, we estimated adjusted risk differences (aRDs), adjusted risk ratios (aRRs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between HDP and SMM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwaa135DOI Listing

Effects of State Law Limiting Postoperative Opioid Prescription in Patients After Cesarean Delivery.

Anesth Analg 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida.

Background: The impact of the Florida State law House Bill 21 (HB 21) restricting the duration of opioid prescriptions for acute pain in patients after cesarean delivery is unknown. Our objective was to assess the association of the passage of Florida State law HB 21 with trends in discharge opioid prescription practices following cesarean delivery, necessity for additional opioid prescriptions, and emergency department visits at a large tertiary care center.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at a large, public hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000004993DOI Listing
June 2020
3.472 Impact Factor

Endometriosis within the inguinal hernia sac.

Turk J Surg 2020 Mar 18;36(1):113-116. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Pathology, Suleyman Demirel University School of Medicine, Isparta, Turkey.

Endometriosis is characterized by the presence of histologically normal endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Endometriotic implants are usually located in the pelvic organs, but they have been described in almost every location of the female body. It may also be present after cesarean section or other gynecological operations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/turkjsurg.3247DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315447PMC

Maternal and neonatal outcomes among pregnant women with different polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Reprod Biomed (Yazd) 2020 May 31;18(5):339-346. Epub 2020 May 31.

Shahid Sadougui Hospital, Shahid Sadougui University of Medical Sciences, and Health Services, Yazd, Iran.

Background: Pregnancy is a process associated with various metabolic and hormonal changes, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can affect this process.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the maternal and neonatal outcomes among pregnant women with different polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes.

Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 200 pregnant women with PCOS according to the 2003 ESHRE/ASRM criteria were categorized into four phenotype groups (A-D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/ijrm.v13i5.7154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306059PMC

The Effect of Intrathecal Meperidine on Maternal and Newborn Outcomes After Cesarean Section: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study.

Anesth Pain Med 2020 Apr 15;10(2):e100375. Epub 2020 Mar 15.

Biostatistics Department, Modelling in Health Research Center, llam University of Medical Sciences, llam, Iran.

Context: Spinal anesthesia is the most preferred method for cesarean section. This meta-analysis was performed to determine the effect of minimum and maximum intrathecal doses of meperidine (pethidine) [5 to 40 mg] on the maternal and newborn outcomes after cesarean section.

Evidence Acquisition: The data were collected through the systematic search in the ISI, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Barakat, MagIran, SID, Irandoc, and EMBASE medical databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/aapm.100375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322789PMC

Possible formation of pulmonary microthrombi in the early puerperium of pregnant women critically ill with COVID-19: Two case reports.

Case Rep Womens Health 2020 Jul 27;27:e00237. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Hospital e Maternidade Santa Joana, Rua Dr. Eduardo Amaro 225, São Paulo, SP CEP 04104 080, Brazil.

Background: Limited data are available on the management of pregnant women with severe or critical forms of COVID-19, such as the optimal timing of provider-initiated delivery, and post-partum care, including antithrombotic prophylaxis. We present the clinical course, pre- and post-partum management, and outcomes of two pregnant women critically ill with COVID-19.

Cases: Both women had confirmed SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia with rapid clinical decompensation that required admission to the intensive care unit, intubation, and delivery by emergency cesarean section at 32 and 29 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crwh.2020.e00237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320266PMC

Extracerebral choroid plexus papilloma in the pharynx with airway obstruction in a newborn: a case report.

BMC Pediatr 2020 Jul 7;20(1):336. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University School of Medicine, 20 Geumo-ro, Yangsan, 50612, Republic of Korea.

Background: Choroid plexus papillomas (CPPs) are rare, usually benign, neoplasms originating in the central nervous system. In this study, we present the first case of a giant airway-obstructing CPP in the pharynx of a newborn.

Case Presentation: A cystic mass located in the pharynx was noted in a fetus at the 29th week of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02234-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7339594PMC

Uterine fibroids and preterm birth risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Red de Investigación de Ginecología, Obstetricia y Reproducción, Instituto de Investigaciones Sanitarias de Aragón, Zaragoza, Spain.

Aim: This study explored the association between the presence of uterine fibroids (UF), as determined by ultrasound, and preterm birth (PB) risk.

Methods: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Scopus and Web of Science databases. Studies reporting women with and without UF demonstrated by an ultrasound exam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jog.14343DOI Listing

Pregnancy and postpartum outcomes in a universally tested population for SARS-CoV-2 in New York City: A prospective cohort study.

BJOG 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY. 525 E. 68thSt, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Objective: To describe differences in outcomes between pregnant women with and without COVID-19 DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of pregnant women consecutively admitted for delivery, and universally tested via nasopharyngeal (NP) swab for SARS-CoV-2 using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). All infants of mothers with COVID-19 underwent SARS-CoV-2 testing.

Setting: Three New York City hospitals POPULATION: Pregnant women > 20 weeks' gestation admitted for delivery METHODS: Data were stratified by SARS-CoV-2 result and symptomatic status, and summarized using parametric and nonparametric tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.16403DOI Listing

Ludwig's Angina in Pregnancy: A Case Report.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2020 Apr 13. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Montréal, QC; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, McGill University Health Center, Montréal, QC.

Background: Physiologic changes in pregnancy may predispose pregnant women to oral health problems. However, most women are not counselled on oral health during pregnancy. Lack of proper oral health care predisposes pregnant women to odontogenic infections, which can lead to severe complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2020.03.014DOI Listing

The association of skin incision placement during cesarean delivery with wound complications in obese women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Jul 7:1-13. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Objective: To determine the risk of wound complications by skin incision type in obese women undergoing cesarean delivery. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, and Ovid) were searched from their inception through August 2018. We included all randomized controlled trials and cohort studies reporting the placement of skin incision during cesarean section in obese women, defined as those with BMI ≥30 kg/m. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1786050DOI Listing

Systematic Kleihauer-Betke Test after External Cephalic Version for Breech Presentation: Is It Useful?

J Clin Med 2020 Jun 30;9(7). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centre Hospitalier Departemental Vendée, 85000 La Roche sur Yon, France.

The incidence of fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) after external cephalic version (ECV) has been poorly reported. In this study, we evaluated the frequency of FMH, diagnosed by positive Kleihauer-Betke test (KBT), after ECV attempt and then evaluate the relevance of its routine use after procedure. A total of 282 women with a term breech presentation and who had ECV attempt were recruited from January 2014 and December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9072053DOI Listing

[Effect of induction on maternal and neonatal outcomes of vaginal birth after cesarean].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Jul;100(25):1979-1982

Department of Perinatal Medicine, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100026, China.

To investigate the effect of induction on maternal and neonatal outcomes of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC). Retrospective cohort study. A total of 452 pregnant women who underwent trail of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC) from January 2015 to March 2019 of Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20191213-02720DOI Listing

Fetoscopic Laser Ablation Therapy for Type II Vasa Previa.

Fetal Diagn Ther 2020 Jul 6:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: In type II vasa previa, fetoscopic laser ablation has the potential to avoid prolonged hospitalization, elective prematurity, and cesarean delivery associated with traditional conservative management.

Objective: To assess the feasibility and to report perinatal outcomes of type II vasa previa patients treated via fetoscopic laser ablation.

Study Design: This is a retrospective descriptive study of all women with vasa previa treated with laser at our center between 2006 and 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508044DOI Listing

Successful pregnancy in women with inferior vena cava stenosis - case report and discussion.

Ginekol Pol 2020 ;91(6):331-333

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland.

Objectives: Inferior vena cava syndrome (IVCS) is a heterogenous group of symptoms resulting in obstruction of the main vein inflow . Common reasons are thrombotic changes and tumors. Incidence of inferior vena cava (IVC) anomalies is 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/GP.a2020.0052DOI Listing
January 2020

Association between levels of aquaporin 3 in the placenta and adiponectin in the umbilical cord blood with gestational diabetes mellitus and pregnancy outcome.

Mol Med Rep 2020 Aug 12;22(2):1498-1506. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital, Tangshan, Hebei 063000, P.R. China.

Pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may have adverse pregnancy outcomes, even if their blood glucose level is well‑controlled. Aquaporin 3 (AQP3) and adiponectin (APN) serve important roles in fetal growth and development. However, the associations of AQP3 and APN with GDM and pregnancy outcome are not known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7339817PMC

Placenta Accreta Spectrum: In Vitro Fertilization and Non-In Vitro Fertilization and Placenta Accreta Spectrum in a Massachusetts Cohort.

Am J Perinatol 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective:  The incidence of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) has been increasing in the United States. In addition, there has also been an increase in the utilization of in vitro fertilization (IVF). The IVF pregnancies confer an increased risk of adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes, but there is limited data on whether IVF is associated with PAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1713887DOI Listing

Diastasis of the rectus abdominis muscles in postpartum: Concordance of patient and clinician evaluations, prevalence, associated pelvic floor symptoms and quality of life.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 Jun 23;252:228-232. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics, Antoine Béclère University Hospital, 157 Rue de la Porte de Trivaux, 92140, Clamart, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: The main objective was to assess the reliability of the patient's measurement of diastasis. The secondary aims were the estimation postpartum diastasis prevalence, of diastasis-associated pelvic floor symptoms and quality of life immediately after childbirth and at 3-6 months postpartum.

Study Design: Using a prospective observational design, women who gave birth in a French university hospital were eligible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.06.038DOI Listing

Abdominal and perineal scar endometriosis: Retrospective study on 40 cases.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 Jun 26;252:225-227. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Third Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.

Objective(s): Abdominal and perineal scar endometriosis usually develop in association with a prior surgical scar. The purpose of the study was to detect and review patients' characteristics of these women over a long period.

Study Design: We retrospectively review the clinical records of 860 women with endometriosis between 1989 and 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.06.054DOI Listing

Improving the safety of induction of labor in low-resource settings using a 20-point toolkit.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Women's Health and HIV Research Group, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Kwa Zulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Induction of labor (IOL) is defined as artificial initiation of labor with the aim of achieving vaginal delivery. IOL is performed globally and has a wide variation in prevalence, averaging between 4.4% and 20% according to WHO, with high rates in high-resource settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13290DOI Listing