3,353 results match your criteria Cervicitis
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(37):e12398
Department of Dermatovenereology, Ningxia Yangguang Hospital, Yinchuan, China.
Background: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of combined high-dose interferon (IFN) and red light therapy for the treatment of subclinical and latent human papillomavirus (HPV) infections.
Methods: Ninety women diagnosed with subclinical or latent HPV infection were randomized to receive topical application of low-dose recombinant IFNα-2b (1 million IU), high-dose IFNα-2b (9 million IU), or a combination of high-dose IFNα-2b and red light therapy on the cervix and vagina. All patients received treatment once daily for 4 weeks. Read More
Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 26;2018:8236575. Epub 2018 Jul 26.
Oslo University Hospital, Department of Venereology, The Olafia Clinic, Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Sexually Transmitted Infections, Oslo, Norway.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) inflammatory response in women with nongonococcal lower genital tract infection (LGTI) can be used to optimize criteria for syndromic treatment.
Methods: A cross-sectional study of 375 women attending the STI clinic in Oslo. Urethral, cervical, and vaginal specimens underwent microscopy for PMNLs. Read More
Curr Med Sci 2018 Feb 15;38(1):115-123. Epub 2018 Mar 15.
Department of Clinical Laboratory, Wuhan, 430060, China.
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) was reported to play an important role in cancer development; however, the relationship between PP2A and cervical cancer development has yet to be fully understood. The present study aimed to explore the role of PP2A in the development of cervical cancer. Serum levels of PP2A were detected by ELISA in 23 patients with cervical cancer and 30 patients with benign cervical lesions. Read More
Int J STD AIDS 2018 Jul 27:956462418785451. Epub 2018 Jul 27.
5 Research Unit for Reproductive Microbiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Four common pathological conditions are associated with vaginal discharge: bacterial vaginosis, aerobic vaginitis, candidosis, and the sexually transmitted infection, trichomoniasis. Chlamydial or gonococcal cervical infection may result in vaginal discharge. Vaginal discharge may be caused by a range of other physiological and pathological conditions including atrophic vaginitis, desquamative inflammatory vaginitis, cervicitis, and mucoid ectopy. Read More
PLoS One 2018 5;13(7):e0199034. Epub 2018 Jul 5.
Department of Immunology, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Immune evasion by tumors includes several different mechanisms, including the inefficiency of antigen presenting cells (APCs) to trigger anti-tumor T cell responses. B lymphocytes may display a pro-tumoral role but can also be modulated to function as antigen presenting cells to T lymphocytes, capable of triggering anti-cancer immune responses. While dendritic cells, DCs, are the best APC population to activate naive T cells, DCs or their precursors, monocytes, are frequently modulated by tumors, displaying a tolerogenic phenotype in cancer patients. Read More
Curr Infect Dis Rep 2018 Jun 29;20(9):33. Epub 2018 Jun 29.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.
Purpose Of Review: To evaluate the role of Ureaplasma urealyticum as a genital pathogen in women's health. Three aspects were analyzed: (1) preterm delivery (PTD); (2) female infertility; and (3) lower genital tract pathology including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), cervicitis, and genital discomfort (discharge, burning).
Recent Findings: A systematic review was performed. Read More
mSphere 2018 08 27;3(3). Epub 2018 Jun 27.
Department of Immunology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
is a bacterial pathogen responsible for the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea. Emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of worldwide has resulted in limited therapeutic choices for this infection. Men who seek treatment often have symptomatic urethritis; in contrast, gonococcal cervicitis in women is usually minimally symptomatic, but may progress to pelvic inflammatory disease. Read More
Mol Med Rep 2018 Aug 6;18(2):1361-1368. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Longyan First Hospital, Longyan, Fujian 364000, P.R. China.
Sipi soup (SPS), the aqueous extract derived from the root bark of Sophora japonical L, Salix babylonica L., Morus alba L., as well as Amygdalus davidiana (Carr. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Jun 13;8(1):9015. Epub 2018 Jun 13.
National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, 10408, Republic of Korea.
This pilot study sought to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing vaginal self-swabs and urine samples for HPV-based cervical cancer screening in 700 women who had undergone conventional Pap smear screening via the national cervical cancer program in Korea. The cobas 4800 HPV test was utilized to detect HPV in the self-samples. Pap smear results revealed three cases of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, 649 cases of negative for an intraepithelial lesion or malignancy, and 48 non-specific inflammatory findings. Read More
Ann N Y Acad Sci 2018 Jun 6. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
Infections with Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a sexually transmitted pathogen that causes urethritis, cervicitis, and more severe complications, are increasing. Gonorrhea is typically treated with antibiotics; however, N. gonorrhoeae has rapidly acquired resistance to many antibiotic classes, and lineages with reduced susceptibility to the currently recommended therapies are emerging worldwide. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2018 Jun 5. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
Background: Rising macrolide and quinolone resistance in Mycoplasma genitalium necessitate new treatment approaches. We evaluated outcomes of sequential antimicrobial therapy for M.genitalium guided by a macrolide-resistance assay. Read More
Microbes Infect 2018 Jun - Jul;20(6):376-384. Epub 2018 May 31.
Department of Environmental Medical Biology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, South Korea; Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, South Korea. Electronic address:
Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually-transmitted protozoan parasite that causes vaginitis and cervicitis. Although mast cell activation is important for provoking tissue inflammation during infection with parasites, information regarding the signaling mechanisms in mast cell activation and T. vaginalis infection is limited. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jun;97(22):e10793
Department of Histology and Embryology.
Background: Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women. Anti-Müllerian hormone receptor 2 (AMHR2) and C-Kit were two members of protein kinase which were reported increased in some cancers like ovarian carcinoma and breast cancer. The present study aimed to assess the expression of AMHR2 and c-Kit in cervical cancer of different differentiated degrees as well as in cervicitis sections. Read More
Nurs Clin North Am 2018 Jun;53(2):189-202
Department of Family, Community, and Health Systems, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing, 1701 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294-1210, USA.
The spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains a significant public health issue in the United States. Social, economic, and behavioral implications affecting the spread of STIs have been identified. The most important social factor in the United States is the stigma associated with discussing sex and STI screening. Read More
J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Jul 27;156:221-231. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 818 Yunwan Road, Nanchang 330002, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Innovative Drug and Efficient Energy-Saving Pharmaceutical Equipment, No. 56 Yangming Road, Nanchang 330006, PR China. Electronic address:
Cervicitis is an extremely common gynecological disease and can be induced by diverse factors such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Mycoplasma genitalium infections. Long-term unhealed cervicitis may lead to a series of diseases including endometritis, salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and chorioamnionitis. However, the pathogenesis of cervicitis remains unknown. Read More
Front Pharmacol 2018 4;9:282. Epub 2018 Apr 4.
Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang, China.
Cervicitis is an exceedingly common gynecological disorder that puts women at high risk of sexually transmitted infections and induces a series of reproductive system diseases. This condition also has a significant impact on quality of life and is commonly misdiagnosed in clinical practice due to its complicated pathogenesis. In the present study, we performed non-targeted plasma metabolomics analysis of cervicitis in both plasma samples obtained from human patients and plasma samples from a phenol mucilage induced rat model of cervicitis, using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 04 13;8(4):e019913. Epub 2018 Apr 13.
Division of Reproductive Health, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Objectives: To assess potentially missed sexually transmitted infections (STIs), we compared clinically diagnosed STIs to laboratory-confirmed diagnoses of gonorrhoea (GC), chlamydia (CT) and trichomonas (Tvag).
Design: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial.
Setting: We used data and specimens previously collected for the Sino-Implant Study in Kingston, Jamaica. Read More
Germs 2018 Mar 1;8(1):12-20. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
MD, PhD, FRCPath, Department of Microbiology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece.
Background: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of (MG) infection among individuals at high risk for sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) at a major urban STD clinic in Athens, in view of the lack of data pertaining to this infection in Greece.
Methods: Urethral and cervical samples from 176 individuals consecutively attending the clinic and agreeing to participate were prospectively collected and tested for MG infection using conventional PCR and TaqMan Real-Time PCR. All individuals were also examined for alternative STD pathogens. Read More
Rev Esp Quimioter 2018 Feb 16;31(1):21-26. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
Graciela Beatriz Jordá, Cátedra de Virología, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Químicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Misiones. Luis Pasteur 1551. CP: 3300. Posadas, Misiones, Argentina.
Objective: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most prevalent bacteria causing sexually transmitted infections. In women, this infection can cause cervicitis and urethritis, although it's usually asymptomatic. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of C. Read More
Sex Transm Infect 2018 Jun 9;94(4):255-262. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Background: is a common cause of non-gonococcal non-chlamydial urethritis and cervicitis. Testing of asymptomatic populations has been proposed, but prevalence in asymptomatic populations is not well established. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of in the general population, pregnant women, men who have sex with men (MSM), commercial sex workers (CSWs) and clinic-based samples, METHODS: We searched Embase, Medline, IndMED, African Index Medicus and LILACS from 1 January 1991 to 12 July 2016 without language restrictions. Read More
Haemophilia 2018 May 13;24(3):359-365. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Royal Free Foundation NHS Trust, London, UK.
Background: Congenital plasminogen deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive condition. Plasminogen deficiency is thought to result in an inability of fibrin breakdown and therefore accumulation of fibrin and formation of ligneous changes. Ligneous lesions can form on a number of mucosal membranes including the cervix and endometrium. Read More
Expert Rev Vaccines 2018 Mar 6;17(3):217-227. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
a Department of Biological Sciences , Alabama State University , Montgomery , AL , USA.
Introduction: There is a persisting global burden and considerable public health challenge by the plethora of ocular, genital and respiratory diseases caused by members of the Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Chlamydia. The major diseases are conjunctivitis and blinding trachoma, non-gonococcal urethritis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, tubal factor infertility, and interstitial pneumonia. The failures in screening and other prevention programs led to the current medical opinion that an efficacious prophylactic vaccine is the best approach to protect humans from chlamydial infections. Read More
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Jan 30. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Background: Papua New Guinea (PNG) has among the highest estimated burdens of cervical cancer globally but currently has no national cervical screening program. Visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) is a low-cost screening strategy endorsed by the World Health Organization that has been adopted in many low-resource settings but not previously evaluated in PNG.
Aim: To evaluate the association between VIA examination findings and high-risk HPV (hrHPV) infection; and the impact of concomitant genital Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis on the interpretation of VIA findings. Read More
JAAPA 2018 Feb;31(2):50-53
Margaret Allen is a former PA program director for the University of Worcester in the United Kingdom, former clinical instructor in the Stanford University primary care associate program, and practiced family medicine at Ravenswood Family Health Center in East Palo Alto, Calif. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
Acute inflammation of the uterine cervix can lead to serious problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometritis, and complications of pregnancy and childbirth. As intervals for routine gynecologic screening examinations lengthen, cervical infections, especially if asymptomatic, may be missed. Annual wellness examinations and other patient visits outside routine gynecologic cancer screening visits should include brief evaluation with sexual risk assessment and a gynecologic examination if indicated. Read More
J Med Life 2017 Oct-Dec;10(4):237-243
PLaboratory of Molecular Biomedicine I, ENMyH, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico.
The objective of the study was to assess the clinical, histopathological and immunochemical changes induced by dialyzable leukocyte extract (DLE) treatment in patients with chronic cervicitis associated to HPV infection. Fifty-four female Mexican patients diagnosed with chronic cervicitis, cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN 1) and HPV infection were divided into two groups: patients treated with placebo and patients treated with DLE. Clinical and colposcopy evaluations were performed before and after treatments. Read More
Curr Microbiol 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
Laboratory of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Fez (FMPF), Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University (USMBA), Fez, Morocco.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) persistent infection is the necessary but not sufficient cause of cervical cancer. Other co-factors are required to induce cell transformation that will evolve to malignant cervical cancer. These co-factors include physical elements, other sexually transmitted infections, and immune response. Read More
Vojnosanit Pregl 2017 Jan;74(1):24-30
Background/aim: In patients with premalignant cervical lesions, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, at any moment, may be spontaneously eliminated, or may persist or transform cervical epithelium from a lower to a higher degree. Due to that, it is necessary to wisely select the patients who are at high risk of cancer development. The aim of the study was to establish the interdependence between a suspicious Papanicolaou (Pap) test and colposcopy with the infection caused by high-risk genotypes of human papillomavirus and the presence of premalignant cervical lesions. Read More
Gene 2018 Mar 10;647:192-197. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
Laboratory of Gynecologic Oncology, Medical Research Center, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Wenzhou Medical University, Linhai, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:
Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 18 is predominantly associated with the development of cervical adenocarcinomas, whereas data on HPV18 genetic variability in China are limited. HPV18 genetic variants were formed phylogenetic tree, including lineages A, B, and C. We aimed to evaluate the diversity of HPV18 genetic variants by sequencing the entire E6, E7 and L1 genes. Read More
J Midlife Health 2017 Oct-Dec;8(4):179-182
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
Context: Uterine prolapse accounts for one of the common gynecological problems in India. The excised uterus is not expected to have any pathological finding other than atrophic endometrium and may be an ulcer because of the prolapse.
Aims: The aim of this study is to assess the hysterectomy specimen for unsuspected pathology. Read More
Med Sci Monit 2018 Jan 4;24:58-66. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Health Research System In Vitro Fertilization (HRS IVF) Center, Ankara, Turkey.
BACKGROUND In the present study we retrospectively evaluated the results of outpatients who had an HPV analysis, and present objective evidence for the administration of preventive inoculation in our area. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 532 outpatients who visited a single center between 2012 and 2016 and had an HPV infection analysis. The criteria for inclusion of patients with unhealthy cervix in the study were: erosion, chronic cervicitis, healed lacerations, hypertrophied cervix, and abnormal discharges from the cervix. Read More
J Mol Endocrinol 2018 Jan;60(1):17-28
Department of BiologyAppalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA
A timely and complete uterine cervical tissue repair postpartum is of necessity to prevent obstetrical complications, such as cervicitis, ectropion, hemorrhage, repeated miscarriages or abortions and possibly preterm labor and malignancies. We recently characterized the morphological alterations, as well as changes in angiogenic expression profile in a mice uterine cervix during the immediate postpartum period. Here, we build on this previous study using a proteomic analysis to profile postpartum tissue changes in mice cervix during the same period, the first 48 h of postpartum. Read More
APMIS 2018 Feb 13;126(2):123-127. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, WHO Collaborating Centre for Gonorrhoea and other Sexually Transmitted Infections, National Reference Laboratory for Sexually Transmitted Infections, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Mycoplasma genitalium, causing non-gonococcal non-chlamydial urethritis and associated with cervicitis, has developed antimicrobial resistance (AMR) to both the macrolide azithromycin (first-line treatment) and the fluoroquinolone moxifloxacin (second-line treatment). Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of resistance, based on genetic AMR determinants, to these antimicrobials in the M. genitalium population in two Swedish counties, Örebro and Halland, 2011-2015. Read More
Oncol Lett 2017 Dec 25;14(6):6632-6644. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Chibby has been identified as a putative tumor suppressor and antagonist to β-catenin, thereby controlling the Wnt signaling pathway. Chibby is typically downregulated in numerous types of cancer and may be associated with tumorigenesis. The present study aimed at clarifying the following: i) Whether Chibby antagonizes β-catenin in cervical cancer; ii) whether Chibby and β-catenin mRNA expression is associated with cancer progression; and iii) whether Chibby and β-catenin expression may be used as a biomarker. Read More
Front Microbiol 2017 13;8:2195. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA, United States.
() is the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted diseases worldwide. The Multi Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) scheme is effective in differentiating strain types (ST), deciphering transmission patterns and treatment failure, and identifying recombinant strains. Here, we analyzed 323 reference and clinical samples, including 58 samples from Russia, an area that has not previously been represented in typing schemes, to expand our knowledge of the global diversification of STs. Read More
Sci Rep 2017 Nov 23;7(1):16162. Epub 2017 Nov 23.
MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis & Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK.
There is increasing concern about Mycoplasma genitalium as a cause of urethritis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Commercial nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are becoming available, and their use in screening for M. genitalium has been advocated, but M. Read More
Gynecol Oncol Rep 2017 Nov 16;22:82-88. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
Department of Internal Medicine & Infectious diseases, University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.
Women living with HIV in Africa are at increased risk to be co-infected with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), persistent high risk (HR) HPV infection and bacterial vaginosis (BV), which compounds HPV persistence, thereby increasing the risk for cervical dysplasia. New guidance from WHO in 2014 advocating for a "screen and treat" approach in resource poor settings is becoming a more widely recommended screening tool for cervical cancer prevention programs in such contexts. This review article summarizes the risk factors to be considered when designing a primary and secondary cervical prevention program in a post-vaccination era for HIV-infected women in Kenya. Read More
Biomed Microdevices 2017 Nov 14;19(4):103. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
Guangzhou Fuda Cancer Institute, Fuda Cancer Hospital, Jinan University School of Medicine, No. 2, Tangdexi Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, 510665, China.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of irreversible electroporation (IRE) on the uterine cervix in a rabbit model. IRE ablation was performed in the cervices of 48 New Zealand rabbits, with one ablation lesion in each animal. Gross pathology, transmission electron microscopy, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Masson's trichrome (MT) stain, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assays were performed at pre-set time points (0 h, 12 h, 1 d, 2 d, 4 d, 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d post-IRE). Read More
Vaccine 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, NIAID, Bethesda, MD, USA.
Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct), an intracellular pathogen, is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection. In addition to acute cervicitis and urethritis, Ct can lead to serious sequelae of significant public health burden including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility. Ct control efforts have not resulted in desired outcomes such as reduced incidence and reinfection, and this highlights the need for the development of an effective Ct vaccine. Read More
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2017 10 26;18(10):2643-2647. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
Pathology Department, Tezpur Medical College, Tezpur, India. Email:
p16INK4a is a tumor-suppressor protein and cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor that blocks cdk4- and cdk6-mediated pRb phosphorylation to inhibit E2F-dependent transcription and cell-cycle progression. Because the E7 protein of high-risk HPVs inactivates pRB, the resulting overexpression of p16INK4a may be a good marker for infection with high risk HPV types. Immunostaining of p16INK4a allows precise identification of even small CIN or cervical cancer lesions in biopsy sections and can help reduce inter-observer variation in the histopathological interpretation of cervical biopsy specimens. Read More
Cancer Cell Int 2017 10;17:88. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
Genecology Research Centre, Centre for Animal Health Innovation, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, DC, QLD 4558 Australia.
Background: Cervical cancer is a major cause of death in women worldwide. Interferon-induced transmembrane protein 1 (IFITM1) is involved in antivirus defense, cell adhesion, and carcinogenesis in different tissues. However, the role of gene in cervical squamous cell cancer is unclear. Read More
Pak J Pharm Sci 2017 Jul;30(4(Suppl.)):1505-1508
Department of Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.
This paper aims to investigate the clinical curative effect and adverse reactions of cryotherapy combined with interferon in the treatment of chronic cervicitis complicated with HPV infection. 100 cases diagnosed with chronic cervicitis complicated with HPV infection from August 2014 to August 2015 in our hospital were selected and randomly divided into observation group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases). The preoperative and postoperative HPV-DNA changes were observed, and the vaginal discharge, time of decrustation and hemostasis, HPV negative conversion ratio and clinical efficacy were compared, to record the adverse reactions during treatment. Read More
BJOG 2018 Mar 28;125(4):432-441. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Reproductive Medical Centre, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.
Objective: To assess the current prevalence of and risk factors for infertility among couples of reproductive age in China.
Design: Population-based cross-sectional study.
Setting: We approached 25 270 couples in eight provinces/municipalities, of whom 18 571 (response rate 74%) were interviewed. Read More
Sex Transm Infect 2018 02 11;94(1):20. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Canada.
J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 2017 Nov/Dec;16(6):608-614. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
1 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Objectives: Female sex workers (FSWs) are at high risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and form a core group to facilitate STI spreading. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of STIs among FSWs who attended Female Harm Reduction Center of Isfahan, Iran, and to determine the association between risky behaviors and STIs.
Study Design: In a cross-sectional study, 99 FSWs were recruited and interviewed about demographic characteristics and risky behaviors. Read More
Open Forum Infect Dis 2017 27;4(3):ofx160. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Victoria, Australia.
Background: Studies of sexual partnerships can further our understanding of the sexual transmission of chlamydia, which is important for informing public health interventions and clinical management. The aim of this study was to ascertain among heterosexual dyads the proportion concordantly infected with chlamydia and factors associated with infection between partners.
Methods: This study was conducted at the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre between January 2006 and March 2015. Read More
Tunis Med 2016 Oct;94(10):616-620
Problem: Cervical cancer is the second gynecological cancer Tunisian women after breast. This is a sexually transmitted disease including the role of HPV has been proven. Cervical cancer screening is possible due to the accessibility of the cervix with a speculum examination and implementation of cervical smear. Read More
BMC Infect Dis 2017 09 25;17(1):647. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Kenyatta University, School of Medicine, P. O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
Background: Cervical cancer is the predominant cancer among women in Kenya and second most common in women in developing regions. Population-based cytological screening and early treatment reduces morbidity and mortality associated with the cancer. We determined the occurrence of cervical precancerous changes and cervical microbial infections (Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, Neisseria gonorrhea and Actinomyces) among women attending Family Health Option Kenya (FHOK) clinic in Thika. Read More
Clin Microbiol Infect 2018 May 18;24(5):533-539. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
Infection Preparedness, Research Unit for Reproductive Tract Microbiology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Objectives: Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) causes urethritis and cervicitis, potentially causing reproductive complications. Resistance in MG to first-line (azithromycin) and second-line (moxifloxacin) treatment has increased. We examined the clinical and analytical performance of the new Conformité Européene (CE)/in vitro diagnostics (IVD) Aptima Mycoplasma genitalium assay (CE/IVD AMG; Hologic); the prevalence of MG, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG); and MG resistance to azithromycin and moxifloxacin in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in 2016. Read More
Mymensingh Med J 2017 07;26(3):600-607
Dr Habiba Begum, Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Delta Medical College, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women worldwide. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered as the main cause of invasive cervical cancer and cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia. High risk HPV DNA has been shown to be present in 99. Read More
Mymensingh Med J 2017 07;26(3):505-513
Dr Nazma Parvin Ansari, Resident of Pathology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
Cervical cancer is the second most frequent type of cancer and leading cause of mortality among women worldwide. The present study was undertaken to assess precancerous and cancerous cervical lesion by cytology as well as HPV DNA identification and their comparison with histopathology in VIA positive cases. This descriptive, cross-sectional type of observational study was carried out in the Department of Pathology, Mymensingh Medical College in collaboration with the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital and Department of Microbiology and Hygiene in Bangladesh Agriculture University for HPV DNA detection from July 2012 to June 2013. Read More