962 results match your criteria Cervical Sprain and Strain

The effectiveness of slider and tensioner neural mobilization techniques in the management of upper quadrant pain: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2022 Jul 18;31:102-112. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Health Sciences, School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, 1516, Cyprus. Electronic address:

Background: Little attention has been given to support the use of slider and tensioner neural mobilization (NM) techniques for upper quadrant pain (UQP). The purpose of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of these techniques in patients with UQP.

Method: The PubMed, Cochrane Library and EBSCOhost were searched without chronological restriction to identify randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that assessed pain changes following NM in the upper quadrant. Read More

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Pediatric Softball Injuries Presenting to Emergency Departments.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Introduction: This study sought to characterize the mechanisms of injury responsible for common softball-related injuries in recent years.

Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System database was queried for all pediatric softball-related injuries presenting to participating US emergency departments from 2010 to 2019. Patients were classified by age as children (7-12 years), adolescents (13-18 years), or young adults (19-21 years). Read More

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NZ-RugbyHealth Study: Self-reported Injury Experience and Current Health of Former Rugby Union and Non-contact Sport Players.

Sports Med 2022 Jul 28;52(7):1701-1713. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Traumatic Brain Injury Network (TBIN), Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: There is limited research on associations between playing rugby union and player health post-retirement.

Objective: This study investigated differences in self-reported sport injury history and current self-reported health characteristics between former New Zealand rugby and non-contact sport players with a view to identifying issues to be further investigated with stronger epidemiological research designs.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, the NZ-RugbyHealth study surveyed 470 former rugby and non-contact sport players (43. Read More

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Epidemiology of Pediatric Baseball and Softball Player Injuries.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Dec 15;9(12):23259671211052585. Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Baseball and softball are popular sports in the United States and are responsible for a large number of youth sports injuries each year.

Purpose: To investigate recent differences in youth baseball and softball injuries evaluated in nationwide emergency departments.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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December 2021

Surfing on the world stage: a narrative review of acute and overuse injuries and preventative measures for the competitive and recreational surfer.

Br J Sports Med 2022 Jan 3;56(1):51-60. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

University of Notre Dame, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia.

Surfing has rapidly grown in popularity as the sport made its debut at the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games. Surfing injuries are becoming more relevant with the globalisation and increasing risks of the sport, but despite this, little is known about surfing injuries or prevention strategies in either the competitive or recreational surfer. Prior research demonstrates that surfers are injured at a frequency of 0. Read More

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January 2022

A Correlation between Upper Extremity Compressive Neuropathy and Nerve Compression Headache.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Dec;148(6):1308-1315

From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

Background: Compressive neuropathies of the head/neck that trigger headaches and entrapment neuropathies of the extremities have traditionally been perceived as separate clinical entities. Given significant overlap in clinical presentation, treatment, and anatomical abnormality, the authors aimed to elucidate the relationship between nerve compression headaches and carpal tunnel syndrome, and other upper extremity compression neuropathies.

Methods: One hundred thirty-seven patients with nerve compression headaches who underwent surgical nerve deactivation were included. Read More

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December 2021

Cervical Spine, Upper Extremity Neuropathies, and Overuse Injuries in Cyclists.

Andrea Cyr

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2022 02 14;33(1):187-199. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Illinois - College of Medicine, UIC Sports Medicine Center, Flames Athletic Center, 839 Roosevelt Road. Suite 102, Chicago, IL 60608, USA. Electronic address:

Upper extremity nerve injuries in cyclists include carpal tunnel syndrome and ulnar neuropathy at the wrist. Electromyography and nerve conduction studies aid in the diagnosis of neuropathies. Diagnostic ultrasonography or MRI can also be helpful for evaluation. Read More

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February 2022

Clinical Presentation of Foramen Magnum Meningioma Masqueraded by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Report of 2 Cases.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 11 4;11(4). Epub 2021 Nov 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Case: Meningioma is the second most common intracranial tumor. We present 2 cases of foramen magnum meningioma (FMM) that was first operated on with the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

Conclusion: During the diagnostic assessment of CTS and recalcitrant CTS, a more proximal etiology of nerve compression should be considered, including FMM. Read More

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November 2021

Intubation Biomechanics: Clinical Implications of Computational Modeling of Intervertebral Motion and Spinal Cord Strain during Tracheal Intubation in an Intact Cervical Spine.

Anesthesiology 2021 12;135(6):1055-1065

Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Biomedical Engineering, Orthopaedic Bioengineering Research Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Background: In a closed claims study, most patients experiencing cervical spinal cord injury had stable cervical spines. This raises two questions. First, in the presence of an intact (stable) cervical spine, are there tracheal intubation conditions in which cervical intervertebral motions exceed physiologically normal maximum values? Second, with an intact spine, are there tracheal intubation conditions in which potentially injurious cervical cord strains can occur?

Methods: This study utilized a computational model of the cervical spine and cord to predict intervertebral motions (rotation, translation) and cord strains (stretch, compression). Read More

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December 2021

Neck and Back Sprain and Hand Flexor Tendon Repair Are More Common in Victims of Domestic Violence Compared With Patients Who Were Not Victims of Domestic Violence: A Comparative Study of 1,204,596 Patients Using the National Trauma Data Bank.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2021 09 2;5(9). Epub 2021 Sep 2.

From the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons (Logue), Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Dr. Danford, Dr. Bixby, Dr. Levitsky, Dr. Rosenwasser), Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the most common orthopedic diagnoses and procedures among patients who experience domestic violence (DV) and to determine whether these were more common in patients who experienced DV compared with those who did not.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients identified in the National Trauma Data Bank. Patients were divided into two cohorts for comparison: victims of DV and all other patients. Read More

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September 2021

Increased Risk of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in People With Spinal Cord Injury: A Nationwide Longitudinal Follow-Up Study.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2022 02 20;103(2):282-288. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the long-term risk of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005, containing data about 1 million people randomly sampled from among those registered in the National Health Insurance Program as of 2005. Read More

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February 2022

Management of Acute Subaxial Trauma and Spinal Cord Injury in Professional Collision Athletes.

Clin Spine Surg 2022 Jul 1;35(6):241-248. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rothman Orthopaedic Institute, Phiadelphia, PA.

Sports-related acute cervical trauma and spinal cord injury (SCI) represent a rare but devastating potential complication of collision sport injuries. Currently, there is debate on appropriate management protocols and return-to-play guidelines in professional collision athletes following cervical trauma. While cervical muscle strains and sprains are among the most common injuries sustained by collision athletes, the life-changing effects of severe neurological sequelae (ie, quadriplegia and paraplegia) from fractures and SCIs require increased attention and care. Read More

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Injury Profile among Elite Youth Male Football Players in a German Academy.

Int J Sports Med 2022 Feb 9;43(2):138-144. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery and Spinal Cord Injury, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Studies that report injuries in elite youth football players are scarce. So far, no such studies have been reported in Germany. The aim of this study is to descriptively and statistically report the incidence of injuries that resulted in time-loss ≥ 4 days in the TSG Hoffenheim football academy by 138 male players aged between 12 and 19 years during one season. Read More

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February 2022

Understanding the Psychophysiological Mechanisms Related to Widespread Pressure Pain Hyperalgesia Underpinning Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Network Analysis Approach.

Pain Med 2021 Nov;22(11):2708-2717

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain.

Objective: Current evidence suggests that carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) involves widespread pressure pain sensitivity as a manifestion of central sensitization. This study aimed to quantify mechanisms driving widespread pressure pain hyperalgesia in CTS by using network analysis.

Design: Cross-sectional. Read More

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November 2021

Trampoline Injuries in Children and Adolescents: A Jumping Threat.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2022 Feb;38(2):e894-e899

From the Department of Surgery, Tulane University, School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA.

Objective: As trampoline use grows more popular in the United States, the frequency of injuries continues to climb. We hypothesized that toddlers would be at the highest risk for trampoline injuries requiring hospitalization.

Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System database was examined for trampoline injuries from 2009 to 2018. Read More

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February 2022

Elbow Overuse Injuries in Pediatric Female Gymnastic Athletes: Comparative Findings and Outcomes in Radial Head Stress Fractures and Capitellar Osteochondritis Dissecans.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2021 09;103(18):1675-1684

Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children, Dallas, Texas.

Background: Radial head stress fractures (RHSFs) and capitellar osteochondritis dissecans (COCD) are rare but may be seen in gymnasts. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic characteristics and the outcomes of RHSF and COCD in pediatric and adolescent gymnastic athletes.

Methods: Classical gymnasts and competitive tumblers ≤18 years of age presenting with RHSF or COCD over a 5-year period were reviewed. Read More

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September 2021

Injury Patterns and Associated Demographics of Intimate Partner Violence in Older Adults Presenting to U.S. Emergency Departments.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 12:8862605211022060. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Riley Children's Hospital, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health issue and occurs in intimate relationships regardless of age or sexual orientation. Several studies, most of them relying on small-scale samples, have explored the prevalence and risk factors of IPV in older adults. Still, none have focused on the demographics and injury patterns in older adult victims. Read More

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In Situ Neurolysis of Ulnar Nerve for Patients With Failed Anterior Subcutaneous Transposition - A Case Series.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 08;21(3):111-117

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Various surgical techniques have been attempted to treat patients with failed anterior subcutaneous transposition performed for cubital tunnel syndrome.

Objective: To analyze intraoperative findings of failed anterior subcutaneous transposition and to report the outcome of in Situ neurolysis of ulnar nerve.

Methods: Patients who, under diagnosis of failed anterior subcutaneous transposition of ulnar nerve, underwent in Situ neurolysis between 2001 and 2018 were included in this study. Read More

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Rodeo-Related Injuries Among Adolescents Treated at Emergency Departments.

J Emerg Med 2021 10 2;61(4):387-395. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Independent Researcher, Austin, Texas. Electronic address:

Background: Rodeo is an extreme sport involving powerful forces created by large animals.

Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize rodeo-related injuries among adolescents treated at United States emergency departments (EDs).

Methods: Cases were rodeo-related injuries among patients ages 13-19 years reported to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System during 2000-2019. Read More

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October 2021

The Epidemiology of Carpal Tunnel Revision Over a 1-Year Follow-Up Period.

J Hand Surg Am 2021 09 28;46(9):758-764. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Hand and Upper Extremity, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY.

Purpose: To establish the incidence of revision carpal tunnel surgery within a 1-year postoperative period using a national administrative database. This information has been unknown until this point because of the absence of laterality-specific coding with the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition and earlier coding systems.

Methods: Data were collected from the Humana insurance database using PearlDiver patient records from 2015 to 2017. Read More

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September 2021

[Manual medicine, manual treatment : Principles, mode of action, indications and evidence].

Hermann Locher

Unfallchirurg 2021 Jun 19;124(6):433-445. Epub 2021 May 19.

Zentrum für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie, Lindauerstr. 16, 88069, Tettnang, Deutschland.

Manual medicine is the medical discipline that comprehensively deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of reversible functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system and other related organ systems. The article illustrates the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological basic elements and mechanisms of manual medical diagnostics and treatment. Based on the most recent literature and in consideration of various scientific guidelines, the evidence-based effectiveness of manual medical procedures is presented. Read More

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Evidence of Bilateral Localized, but Not Widespread, Pressure Pain Hypersensitivity in Patients With Upper Extremity Tendinopathy/Overuse Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Phys Ther 2021 08;101(8)

Radiology, Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: The presence of altered nociceptive pain processing in patients with upper extremity tendinopathy/overuse injury is conflicting. Our aim was to compare pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in symptomatic and distant pain-free areas between patients with upper extremity tendinopathy/overuse injury and controls.

Methods: Five databases were searched from inception to October 15, 2020. Read More

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Power-assisted Pedicle Screw Technique Protects Against Risk of Surgeon Overuse Injury: A Comparative Electromyography Study of the Neck and Upper Extremity Muscle Groups in a Simulated Surgical Environment.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2022 Jan;47(2):E86-E93

Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA.

Study Design: Cadaveric.

Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify the amplitude and duration of surgeons' muscle exertion from pedicle cannulation to screw placement using both manual and power-assisted tools in a simulated surgical environment using surface electromyography (EMG).

Summary Of Background Data: A survey of Scoliosis Research Society members reported rates of neck pain, rotator cuff disease, lateral epicondylitis, and cervical radiculopathy at 3 ×, 5 ×, 10 ×, and 100 × greater than the general population. Read More

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January 2022

Primary elbow osteoarthritis presenting as ulnar nerve palsy with claw hand.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 6;14(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Plastic Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

A 59-year-old woman was referred with weakness, paraesthesia, numbness and clawing of the little and ring fingers for the last 2 years. MRI of the cervical spine was normal and nerve conduction velocity revealed abnormality of the ulnar nerve. Ultrasound and MRI showed medial osteophytes and effusion of the elbow joint with stretched and thinned ulnar nerve in the cubital tunnel. Read More

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Rising Trends in Wrestling-associated Injuries in Females Presenting to US Emergency Departments.

West J Emerg Med 2020 Dec 16;22(2):410-416. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Introduction: Wrestling is one of the fastest-growing sports among females in the United States (US). However, female wrestling injuries remain poorly characterized. In this study we describe historical and projected national estimates of female wrestling injuries, and compare injury characteristics with those of male wrestlers. Read More

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December 2020

Surfing Injuries: A Review for the Orthopaedic Surgeon.

JBJS Rev 2021 04 5;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.

»: Surfing is safe: the risk of injury ranges from 0.26 to 0.90 injuries per surfer per year, 0. Read More

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Injury patterns and demographics due to legal intervention seen in US emergency departments.

J Forensic Leg Med 2021 Apr 26;79:102150. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: Injury and deaths inflicted by law enforcement are a topic of significant discussion in the US. The purpose of this study was to analyze injuries due to law enforcement activity that presented to emergency departments (ED) across the entire US and correlate the injury patterns with patient demographics.

Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) All Injury Program (AIP) data was used for the years 2005 through 2015. Read More

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Prolonged median distal sensory nerve action potential duration in carpal tunnel syndrome.

Muscle Nerve 2021 05 19;63(5):710-714. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

Objective: Routine nerve conduction study (NCS) parameters are less sensitive in the early stage of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Recently, some studies have shown that prolonged distal sensory nerve action potential (DSNAP) duration may be a more sensitive technique for the diagnosis of demyelinating peripheral neuropathies. We aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of median DSNAP duration in patients with CTS. Read More

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Femoral neck strain prediction during level walking using a combined musculoskeletal and finite element model approach.

PLoS One 2021 1;16(2):e0245121. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Recently, coupled musculoskeletal-finite element modelling approaches have emerged as a way to investigate femoral neck loading during various daily activities. Combining personalised gait data with finite element models will not only allow us to study changes in motion/movement, but also their effects on critical internal structures, such as the femur. However, previous studies have been hampered by the small sample size and the lack of fully personalised data in order to construct the coupled model. Read More

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Analysis of neurological symptoms and mechanisms in dislocation, sprains and strains of joints and ligaments at neck level.

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2020 Dec;48(288):410-414

Department of Orthopedics, Mazovian Rehabilitation Center STOCER, Konstancin-Jeziorna, Poland.

Spinal injuries can be divided into contusions, sprains of intervertebral joints, their dislocation and also damage to ligaments and muscles attachment, and fractures. Typical injuries of the cervical spine include trauma caused by a rapid hyperextension of the neck with the following hyperflexion, often referred to as "whiplash" injury, mostly as a result of traffic accidents. The annual incidence is estimated to be up to 600 per 100 000 inhabitants of Western Europe and North America. Read More

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December 2020