11,087 results match your criteria Cervical Spondylosis

Recurrent spinal stenoses after implant removal: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 6;78:103731. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital, Indonesia.

Introduction And Importance: Cervical spinal stenoses is becoming more and more common due to the aging population. The degenerative changes in the spine including discopathy or spondylosis will constrict and narrow the spinal canal and the usual site for the stenoses is in the cervical and lumbar region. The mainstay of the treatment is surgical, however there still a controversy regarding which approach is the best for the patient with cervical stenoses. Read More

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Mobility-Maintaining Facet Arthroplasty of the Lumbar Spine With the Second-Generation TOPS System: A Case Series.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2022 Jul 20;23(1):14-21. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Arbeitsgemeinschaft Freier Wirbelsäulenchirurgen, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Lumbar spinal stenosis results from spinal canal narrowing and can lead to pain and dysfunction. Until recently, surgical treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis requiring an extensive decompression, with or without spondylolisthesis, had to balance pain relief with the long-term risks of spinal instability after decompression and adjacent segment disease (ASD) after spinal fusion. Spinal motion-preserving devices aim to reduce the incidence of ASD after posterolateral fusion and consequent need for revision surgery. Read More

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[Comparative study of microscope assisted minimally invasive anterior fusion and mobile microendoscopic discectomy assisted fusion for lumbar degenerative diseases].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):672-680

Department of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, 300211, P. R. China.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of microscope assisted anterior lumbar discectomy and fusion (ALDF) and mobile microendoscopic discectomy assisted lumbar interbody fusion (MMED-LIF) for lumbar degenerative diseases.

Methods: A clinical data of 163 patients with lumbar degenerative diseases who met the criteria between January 2018 and December 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Fifty-three cases were treated with microscope assisted ALDF (ALDF group) and 110 cases with MMED-LIF (MMED-LIF group). Read More

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[Clinical study on real-time three-dimensional CT navigation-guided full-endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jun;36(6):665-671

Department of Spine Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong, 510630, P. R. China.

Objective: To analyze the technical notes, effectiveness, and current issues of real-time three-dimensional CT navigation-guided full-endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion.

Methods: Between April 2020 and October 2021, a total of 27 patients received real-time three-dimensional CT navigation-guided full-endoscopic lumbar interbody fusion. There were 18 males and 9 females with an average age of 63. Read More

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Predictive Nomogram for Clinical Prognosis in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy With Intramedullary T2-Weighted Increased Signal Intensity: A Novel Digital Tool for Patient Prognosis Education.

Front Public Health 2022 31;10:898242. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Aims: To establish a predictive nomogram for clinical prognosis in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) with intramedullary T2-weighted increased signal intensity (ISI).

Methods: The clinical data of 680 patients with CSM with intramedullary T2-weighted ISI were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the modeling group (476) and the validation group (204) by using a random number table at a ratio of 7:3. Read More

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Effectiveness of isometric exercises on disability and pain of cervical spondylosis: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2022 Jun 16;14(1):108. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Valiasr-E-Asr Hospital, Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

Background: Neck pain and disability is a significant public health problem with only very few evidence-based treatment option. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of isometric exercise on pain and disability of cervical spondylosis.

Methods: Twenty four patients with cervical osteoarthritis and neck pain (22 females and 2 males; mean age, 46. Read More

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The Role of Diffusion Tensor Tractography in Assessment of Spondylotic Myelopathy.

Cureus 2022 Jun 9;14(6):e25778. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Radiology, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, IND.

Introduction Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) describes a neurological deficit related to the spinal cord due to the changes in the facet joints and discs of the cervical spine as a result of degeneration. Diagnosis is mainly dependent on imaging. Diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), being a non-invasive technique, shows better sensitivity when compared to the conventional T2WI sequence in the early detection of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Read More

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Hard collar immobilisation following elective surgery on the cervical spine: a cross-sectional survey of UK spinal surgeons.

Br J Neurosurg 2022 Jun 15:1-6. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Introduction: Although mostly used in the management of spinal trauma, hard collar immobilisation is also used as an adjunct to recovery after elective cervical spine surgery. Many surgeons believe that bracing reduces the risk of non-union and pain and provides a subjective sense of security for patients. There is little if any, evidence for this practice and immobilisation can be a direct cause of adverse events. Read More

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Effect of diabetes on patient-reported outcome measures at one year after laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 11;12(1):9684. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Spinal Surgery, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Although patients with diabetes reportedly have more peripheral neuropathy, the impacts of diabetes on postoperative recovery in pain and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is not well characterized. The authors aimed to elucidate the effects of diabetes on neck/arm/hand/leg/foot pain and PROMs after laminoplasty CSM. The authors retrospectively reviewed 339 patients (82 with diabetes and 257 without) who underwent laminoplasty between C3 and C7 in 11 hospitals during April 2017 -October 2019. Read More

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A new potential complication in 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with zero-profile devices: Collapse of the middle cervical vertebra.

World Neurosurg 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe a new potential complication, collapse in the middle cervical vertebra of consecutive 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and discuss its possible mechanism.

Methods: Clinical and radiologic outcome data from 27 consecutive 2-level ACDF patients using zero-profile devices were collected at one, three, six and twelve months postoperatively, as well as the last follow-up. Dysphagia was assessed using the Bazaz score and clinical outcomes were analyzed using the neck disability index and Japanese Orthopaedic Association score. Read More

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Stability of SF-36 profiles between 2007 and 2016: A study of 27,302 patients surgically treated for lumbar spine diseases.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2022 Jun 7;20(1):92. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Orebro University, 70182, Orebro, Sweden.

Background: Previous studies have shown that patients with different lumbar spine diseases report different SF-36 profiles, but data on the stability of the SF-36 profiles are limited. The primary aim of the current study was to evaluate the stability of the SF-36 profile for lumbar spine diseases.

Methods: Patients, surgically treated between 2007 and 2016 for three lumbar spine diseases, lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS), LSS without DS, and lumbar disk herniations (LDH), were identified in the Swedish spine register. Read More

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Visualized Analysis of Global Studies on Cervical Spondylosis Surgery: A Bibliometric Study Based on Web of Science Database and VOSviewer.

Indian J Orthop 2022 Jun 16;56(6):996-1010. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016 People's Republic of China.

Purpose: This study used multiple type of bibliometric analysis for identifying and summarizing the publications regarding cervical spondylosis surgery, for clarifying the history of this field, predicting the future hotspots of this field and improving communication among researchers.

Methods: Publications from Web of Science database between 1900 and 2019 were downloaded and analyzed by Excel 2016 and VOSviewer. Bibliometric maps of co-citations and maps of co-occurrence of keywords are constructed by VOSviewer software. Read More

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Cervical spine degeneration specific segmental angular rotational and displacements: A quantitative study.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2022 May 28;97:105688. Epub 2022 May 28.

Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, Marquette University and Medical College of Wisconsin, United States of America; Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, United States of America; VA Medical Center Research - 151, Milwaukee, WI 53295, United States of America.

Background: The objective of the present isolated spine study was to evaluate the kinematic differences between groups of normal and degenerated cervical spine specimens. Previous studies on cervical spine degeneration support the existence of the unstable phase during the degeneration process; however, there is a lack of quantitative data available to fully characterize this early stage of degeneration.

Method: For this effort five degenerated and eight normal cervical spines (C2-T1) were isolated and were subject to pure bending moments of flexion, extension, axial rotation and lateral bending. Read More

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Changes and clinical correlation of diffusion tensor imaging parameters of compressed spinal cord and nerve root in patients with cervical spondylosis.

BMC Med Imaging 2022 Jun 3;22(1):107. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Radiology, Central Hospital Affiliated to Shenyang Medical College, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.

Background: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was used to quantitatively study the characteristics of the related spinal cord and nerve root compression parameters in patients with cervical spondylosis (CS), and diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) was used to visualize the spinal cord and nerve root and analyze their relevance to clinical evaluation.

Methods: A total of 67 patients with CS and 30 healthy volunteers received 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Application of F-NaF-PET/CT in assessing age-related changes in the cervical spine.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2022 Jun;12(6):3314-3324

Division of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Cervical spondylosis is the degeneration of cervical spine often associated with aging and neck pain. As the degenerative changes are coupled with altered osteoblastic activity, imaging modalities sensitive to such molecular changes could be valuable for clinical assessment, disease prophylaxis, and monitoring early therapy response. In this study, we examined the role of F-sodium fluoride-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-NaF-PET/CT) in detecting age-associated changes in the cervical spine of an adult population with broad age spectrum. Read More

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Lumbar Spine Posttherapeutic Imaging.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2022 Jun 2;26(3):314-328. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Hôpital Cochin, AP-HP Centre, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Management of patients after lumbar spine surgery or interventional radiology can be complex, and postoperative imaging patterns are often poorly understood by nonspecialized radiologists. This article focuses on postoperative imaging features of the lumbar spine in five clinical settings (with corresponding interventions): vertebral osteoporotic fractures (percutaneous vertebroplasty and vertebral augmentation), lumbar disk herniation (surgical diskectomy and percutaneous interventional radiology), lumbar spinal stenosis (surgical decompression), lumbar spondylolisthesis (surgical decompression and fusion), and degenerative scoliosis (techniques of osteotomies).For each intervention, we discuss imaging indications, depending if the patient is asymptomatic or if there are suspected complications, describe normal and pathologic imaging features, and present key points. Read More

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Does Direct Surgical Repair Benefit Pars Interarticularis Fracture? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Pain Physician 2022 05;25(3):265-282

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung, and School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: Promising results have been shown in previous studies from direct pars interarticularis repair. These include Scott wiring, Buck repair, pedicle screw repair, and Morscher techniques. In addition, several minimally invasive techniques have been reported to show high union rates, low rates of implant failure and wound complications, shorter length of stay, a lower postoperative pain score with faster recovery, and minimal blood loss. Read More

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Comparison of electromagnetic and optical navigation assisted Endo-TLIF in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2022 Jun 1;23(1):522. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Spine Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266000, Shandong Province, China.

Uniportal full endoscopic posterolateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (Endo-TLIF) with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is a promising, minimally invasive method for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, repeated radiation exposure from X-rays and the steep learning curve remain to be improved. Read More

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[Symptomatic arachnoid cyst in an elderly patient who developed motor aphasia].

Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 2022 ;59(2):219-224

Iwate Prefectural Ninohe Hospital Department of Neurosurgery.

The patient was an 83-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer, distal right radial edge bone fracture, and cervical spine symptoms who had been diagnosed with an arachnoid cyst 9 years previously. She was examined by a nearby doctor, because of an approximately 1-year history of reduced verbal output; she also begun experiencing difficulties with walking. However, she was diagnosed with aging, a history of cervical spondylosis, and the effects of past fractures. Read More

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Application of the new 'XU-line' in the dynamic ultrasonographic evaluation of the spatial displacement of anterior cervical tissues for airway management: protocol for a prospective observational study.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 1;12(6):e058896. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Anesthesiology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China

Introduction: Patients with cervical spondylosis have a high incidence of difficult airway, and unpredicted difficult intubation may be life-threatening. Traditional predictors and imaging data may suggest a difficult airway, but these data have limited predictive value, with low sensitivity and specificity. Ultrasonography is a non-irradiating, reproducible, inexpensive and simple tool that provides good imaging of the cervical soft tissue for airway assessment. Read More

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Flexion/Extension Cervical Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Potentially Useful Tool for Decision-Making in Patients with Symptomatic Degenerative Cervical Spine.

World Neurosurg 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Mansoura University, Dakahlia, Egypt.

Objective: To evaluate the reliability and usefulness of cervical flexion/extension magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a tool for decision-making regarding treatment of symptomatic cervical spondylosis.

Methods: We prospectively collected demographic, clinical, and flexion/neutral/extension MRI data for consecutive 24 patients who had presented with symptomatic cervical degenerative disease. From the survey responses, we analyzed the agreement between clinical interpretation and judgment when neutral MRI (nMRI) versus flexion/extension MRI (fMRI/eMRI) had been provided. Read More

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Perioperative risk stratification of spine trauma patients with ankylosing spinal disorders: a comparison of 3 quantitative indices.

J Neurosurg Spine 2022 May 27:1-7. Epub 2022 May 27.

1Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota; and.

Objective: Patients with ankylosing spinal disorders (ASDs), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), have been shown to experience significantly increased rates of postoperative complications. Despite this, very few risk stratification tools have been validated for this population. As such, the purpose of this study was to identify predictors of adverse events and mortality in ASD patients undergoing surgery for 3-column fractures. Read More

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Diagnosis and Management of Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis in Children.

JBJS Rev 2022 03 1;10(3). Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

»: Spondylolysis is defined as a defect of the pars interarticularis, and spondylolisthesis is defined as a slippage of a vertebra relative to the immediately caudal vertebra.

»: Most cases of spondylolysis and low-grade spondylolisthesis can be treated nonoperatively. Depending on a patient's age, nonoperative treatment may include a thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO), physical therapy, and activity modification. Read More

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Extraforaminal Stenosis at L2-L3 Treated with Microendoscopic Surgery: Report of Two Cases.

J Orthop Case Rep 2022 Jan;12(1):71-74

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Introduction: The many cases of far-out syndrome that have been reported have involved extraforaminal stenosis at L5-S1. We report two cases of extremely rare extraforaminal stenosis at L2-L3.

Case Report 1: A 59-year-old man presented with a 1/2-year history of the right leg pain. Read More

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January 2022

A long survival case of spinal nephroblastoma in a dog.

Open Vet J 2022 Mar-Apr;12(2):188-191. Epub 2022 Mar 19.

Department of Veterinary Surgery, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Science, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi, Japan.

Background: Dogs' nephroblastoma of the spinal cord is a rare neoplastic disease, with few reports of long-term survival after surgery. We experienced that surgical treatment with postoperative radiation therapy for spinal nephroblastoma in a dog resulted in the long-term survival of 11 years.

Case Description: The patient presented to our veterinary hospital because of progressive hindlimb paralysis. Read More

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[Efficacy comparison of zero-profile intervertebral fusion and stand-alone interbody cage combined with cage-titanium plate construct in treatment of two-segment skip cervical spondylosis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 May;102(19):1450-1457

Department of Orthopedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To investigate the difference in clinical efficacy between zero-profile interbody fusion (ROI-C) and stand-alone interbody cage combined with cage-titanium plate construct for patient with two-segment skipped cervical spondylosis who received the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgical strategies. The clinical data of 62 patients with two-segment skipped cervical spondylosis who underwent surgical treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2017 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, included 38 males and 24 females, aged (53.3±8. Read More

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Isthmic spondylolisthesis in adults… A review of the current literature.

J Clin Neurosci 2022 Jul 18;101:124-130. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Isthmic spondylolisthesis can be defined as the anterior translation of a vertebral body relative to the one subjacent to it and secondary to an abnormality of the pars interarticularis. Isthmic spondylolisthesis is usually asymptomatic and discovered as an incidental radiographic finding. However, it can be symptomatic due to its biomechanical effects on the adjacent neural structures and patients may present with low back and/or radicular leg pain. Read More

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Pulsating Spinal Arachnoid Cyst as a Hidden Aggravating Factor for Thoracic Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Report of 3 Cases.

JBJS Case Connect 2022 04 1;12(2). Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Case: We report 3 cases of thoracic myelopathy caused by vertebral osteophytes and coexisting intradural spinal arachnoid cyst (SAC), which was difficult to diagnose on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Intraoperative ultrasound sonography revealed spinal cord impingement because of osteophytes and a pulsating intradural SAC. Repeated pincer compression on the spinal cord seemed to be associated with their paraparetic symptoms. Read More

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Comparative Meta-Analysis of the Effects of OLIF and TLIF in Lumbar Spondylolisthesis Central Nerve Injury.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 10;2022:6861749. Epub 2022 May 10.

Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250000, Shandong, China.

Objective: The main objective is to explore the efficacy of oblique anterior lumbar fusion (OLIF) and transforaminal lumbar fusion (TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis central nerve injury.

Methods: The perioperative indexes, pain score (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), vertebral slip degree, slip angle, intervertebral space height, and quality of life score of the two groups were compared by meta-analysis.

Results: According to the observation indexes, the perioperative indexes of patients in the OLIF group were better than those in the TLIF group, which showed that the effect of OLIF treatment was better than of TLIF. Read More

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