233 results match your criteria Cervical Spine Sprain Strain Injuries


Content Validity of Level Two of the Royal Air Force Aircrew Conditioning Programme.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2018 Oct;89(10):896-904

Introduction: The prevalence of flight-related neck pain in all Royal Air Force (RAF) aircrew is 66% and 70% in UK fast-jet aircrew. The RAF Aircrew Conditioning Programme (ACP) has been designed to enhance pilot performance through reducing fatigue and strain injuries, particularly to the neck. Content validity of the ACP was assessed to determine the appropriateness for delivery to aircrew. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.3357/AMHP.4994.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.4994.2018DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

Current practice and usual care of major cervical disorders in Korea: A cross-sectional study of Korean health insurance review and assessment service national patient sample data.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(46):e8751

aJaseng Spine and Joint Research Institute, Jaseng Medical Foundation, Seoul bDepartment of Korean Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Dae-Jeon University, Daejeon cALS & MND Center at Wonkwang University Korean Medicine Hospital in Gwangju, Gwangju dDepartment of Cardiovascular and Neurological Diseases (Stroke Center), College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Neck pain is a highly common condition and is the 4th major cause of years lived with disability. Previous literature has focused on the effect of specific treatments, and observations of actual practice are lacking to date. This study examined Korean health insurance review and assessment service (HIRA) claims data to the aim of assessing prevalence and comparing current medical practice and costs of cervical disorders in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000008751DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5704872PMC
November 2017
44 Reads

Injuries associated with bunk beds that occur in jail.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Jan 20;53:13-16. Epub 2017 Oct 20.

School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: There are many studies of bunk bed injuries, but none specifically addressing those occurring in jails. It was the purpose of this study to investigate the magnitude and patterns of bunk bed injuries occurring in correctional institutions.

Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data for the 10 year period 2006 through 2015 due to bunk beds was accessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2017.10.007DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

Common Ice Hockey Injuries and Treatment: A Current Concepts Review.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2017 Sep/Oct;16(5):357-362

1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Peconic Bay Medical Center/Northwell Health.

Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0000000000000402DOI Listing
March 2018
35 Reads

The Physiological Basis of Cervical Facet-Mediated Persistent Pain: Basic Science and Clinical Challenges.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017 Jul 16;47(7):450-461. Epub 2017 Jun 16.

Synopsis Chronic neck pain is a common condition and a primary clinical symptom of whiplash and other spinal injuries. Loading-induced neck injuries produce abnormal kinematics between the vertebrae, with the potential to injure facet joints and the afferent fibers that innervate the specific joint tissues, including the capsular ligament. Mechanoreceptive and nociceptive afferents that innervate the facet have their peripheral terminals in the capsule, cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglia, and terminal processes in the spinal cord. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2017.7255DOI Listing
July 2017
4 Reads

Surgical Approach and Anesthetic Modality for Carpal Tunnel Release: A Nationwide Database Study With Health Care Cost Implications.

Hand (N Y) 2017 03 8;12(2):162-167. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.

Carpal tunnel release (CTR) is commonly performed for carpal tunnel syndrome once conservative treatment has failed. Operative technique and anesthetic modality vary by surgeon preference and patient factors. However, CTR practices and anesthetic trends have, to date, not been described on a nationwide scale in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1558944716643276DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5349408PMC
March 2017
9 Reads

The Effectiveness of Manual Therapy Versus Surgery on Self-reported Function, Cervical Range of Motion, and Pinch Grip Force in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017 Mar 3;47(3):151-161. Epub 2017 Feb 3.

Study Design Randomized parallel-group trial. Background Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common pain condition that can be managed surgically or conservatively. Objective To compare the effectiveness of manual therapy versus surgery for improving self-reported function, cervical range of motion, and pinch-tip grip force in women with CTS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2017.7090DOI Listing
March 2017
56 Reads

Personal risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome in female visual display unit workers.

Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016 Nov 6;29(6):927-936. Epub 2016 Oct 6.

Parma University, Parma, Italy (Department of Biomedical, Biotechnological and Translational Sciences (SBiBiT)).

Objectives: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome, which since the beginning of the seventies has been linked to the keyboard and visual display unit (VDU). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and personal factors associated with CTS in female VDU workers in Italy.

Material And Methods: Participants in this study were female adult subjects, working ≥ 20 h/week (N = 631, mean age 38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00781DOI Listing
November 2016
9 Reads

Overuse Injuries in the Pediatric Population.

Sports Med Arthrosc Rev 2016 Dec;24(4):150-158

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Sports Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Athletic overuse injuries are becoming an increasingly common entity in the active pediatric population. The prevalence of these injuries may be attributed to the combination of an underdeveloped musculoskeletal system, increased participation in competitive sport at a younger age, and increased duration and intensity of training. Many of these injuries may go unreported and/or undiagnosed, as they do not all result in time lost from sports, and are not always appreciated on imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JSA.0000000000000129DOI Listing
December 2016
8 Reads

Outcomes following Peripheral Nerve Decompression with and without Associated Double Crush Syndrome: A Case Control Study.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jan;139(1):119-127

St. Louis, Mo.; and New York, N.Y. From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine; and the Hospital for Special Surgery.

Background: Double crush syndrome, the association between proximal and distal nerve lesions, has been established. This investigation compares the outcomes of nerve surgery in patients with isolated peripheral compression versus those with double crush syndrome treated with peripheral nerve and cervical spine operations.

Methods: This case-controlled study enrolled 80 patients: 40 underwent carpal or cubital tunnel surgery and cervical spine surgery (double crush group); and 40 controls, matched by age and sex, underwent only peripheral nerve decompression (peripheral nerve group). Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006534-201701000-0002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000002863DOI Listing
January 2017
6 Reads

Retrospective one-million-subject fixed-cohort survey of utilization of emergency departments due to traumatic causes in Taiwan, 2001-2010.

World J Emerg Surg 2016 30;11(1):41. Epub 2016 Aug 30.

Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Epidemiological study was needed to evaluate trends in emergency department (ED) utilization that could be taken into account when making policy decisions regarding the delivery and distribution of medical resources.

Methods: A retrospective fixed-cohort study of emergency medical utilization from 2001 to 2010 was performed based on one-million people sampled in 2010 in Taiwan. Focusing on traumatic cases, the annual incidences in various groups split according to sex and age were calculated, and further information regarding location of trauma and type of trauma was obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13017-016-0098-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5004311PMC
August 2016
7 Reads

Analytical characterization of movements of the spinal column and risk assessment due to repeated movements of the upper limbs of building painters.

Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2016 Sep 19;22(3):340-9. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

b University of Bologna , Italy.

Manual activities of construction workers may induce musculoskeletal disorders. This study on a group of painters aimed to analytically characterize movements of the spinal column by both lumbar motion monitor and television cameras and to determine, using the Occupational Repetitive Actions (OCRA) Index method, the risk exerted by repeated movements of the upper limbs. The main results are: painting with a roller generally exposes workers to a lesser risk for upper limbs than painting with a brush; a roller-stick fixed at the wrong length can lead to stretching of the back at lumbar and cervical levels; to remain within the range of 'acceptable risk' (OCRA Index evaluation), a worker should not paint a vertical wall for over 3 h if using a roller and 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1155802DOI Listing
September 2016
4 Reads

The surveillance of occupational diseases in Italy: the MALPROF system.

Occup Med (Lond) 2015 Nov;65(8):632-7

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy.

Background: Occupational diseases data can guide efforts to improve worker's health and safety.

Aims: To describe MALPROF, the Italian system for surveillance of work-related diseases collected by the subregional Department of Prevention.

Methods: The MALPROF system started in 1999 with contributions from Lombardy and Tuscany and spread in the following years to collect contributions from 14 out of the 20 Italian regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqv167DOI Listing
November 2015
4 Reads

Longitudinal Gliding of the Median Nerve in the Carpal Tunnel: Ultrasound Cadaveric Evaluation of Conventional and Novel Concepts of Nerve Mobilization.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015 Dec 24;96(12):2207-13. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

Center for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objective: To evaluate median nerve excursion during conventional nerve gliding exercises and newly developed exercises, primarily comprising abduction and adduction of the fingers.

Design: Descriptive study.

Setting: Anatomical dissection facility. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00039993150109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2015.08.415DOI Listing
December 2015
35 Reads

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders for Nurses in Hospitals, Long-Term Care Facilities, and Home Health Care: A Comprehensive Review.

Hum Factors 2015 Aug 21;57(5):754-92. Epub 2015 Apr 21.

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and reported injuries for nurses and nursing aides.

Background: Nurses and nursing aides suffer from work-related pain and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although there have been a plethora of studies on MSDs, an overall understanding of the prevalence of MSDs and pain can lead to better prioritization of research needs with respect to the health care industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018720815581933DOI Listing
August 2015
6 Reads

Neck and spine injuries in Canadian cheerleaders: An increasing trend.

J Pediatr Surg 2015 May 19;50(5):790-2. Epub 2015 Feb 19.

Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Cheerleading, now increasingly practiced in Canada, has a high propensity to cause traumatic neck and spine injuries. We aimed to evaluate the importance of neck and spine injuries in the practice of cheerleading and their occurrence mechanisms in order to propose preventive measures.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of cheerleading injuries extracted from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program database between 1990 and 2010 was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.02.039DOI Listing
May 2015
4 Reads

Seat belt use to save face: impact on drivers' body region and nature of injury in motor vehicle crashes.

Traffic Inj Prev 2015 ;16(6):605-10

a Division of Public Health , Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services , Lincoln , Nebraska.

Background: Seat belt use is the single most effective way to save lives and reduce injuries in motor vehicle crashes. However, some case reports described seat belt use as a double-edged sword because some injuries are related to seat belt use in motor vehicle crashes. To comprehensively understand the effects of seat belt use, we systemically investigated the association between seat belt use and injuries based on anatomic body region and type of injury in drivers involved in motor vehicle crashes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2014.999856DOI Listing
July 2015
5 Reads

Technology in performing arts healthcare research.

Med Probl Perform Art 2014 09;29(3):121-2

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21091/mppa.2014.3026DOI Listing
September 2014
6 Reads

Three-dimensional analysis of the cranio-cervico-mandibular complex during piano performance.

Med Probl Perform Art 2014 09;29(3):150-4

Fac. de Medicina Dentária, Rua Dr. Manuel Pereira da Silva, 4200-393 Porto, Portugal. Tel +351 934481115, fax +351 220901101.

Piano players, as well as other musicians, spend a long time training to achieve the best results, sometimes adopting unnatural body positions that may cause musculoskeletal pain. This paper presents the preliminary results of a study targeting the analysis of the head and cervical postures of 17 piano players during musical performance. It was found, as a common feature, that the players tilt the head to the right and forward towards the score and keyboard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21091/mppa.2014.3031DOI Listing
September 2014
5 Reads

Use of cervical collar after whiplash injuries.

Pol Orthop Traumatol 2014 Aug 8;79:132-7. Epub 2014 Aug 8.

Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Brodnowski Hospital, Warsaw, Poland.

Whiplash injuries, also known as neck sprains and strains, are currently some of the most common injuries of the cervical spine. Mechanism of injury is still controversial and current treatment methods do not provide satisfactory results. In this article we present QTF classification of related disorders, epidemiological data and treatment methods. Read More

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August 2014
25 Reads

[Trampoline-related injuries in children: an increasing problem].

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2014 Jun 25;28(2):69-74. Epub 2014 Jun 25.

Introduction: The sales of recreational trampolines have increased during the past few years. Severe injuries are associated in part with trampoline sport in the domestic setting. Therefore, this study was conducted to confirm the hypothesis of an increase in trampoline-related injuries in conjunction with the increasing sales of recreational trampolines and to find out what kind of injuries are most frequent in this context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1366544DOI Listing
June 2014
6 Reads

Upregulation of BDNF and NGF in cervical intervertebral discs exposed to painful whole-body vibration.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2014 Sep;39(19):1542-8

Departments of *Bioengineering and †Neurosurgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Study Design: In vivo study defining expression of the neurotrophins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF), in cervical intervertebral discs after painful whole-body vibration (WBV).

Objective: The goal of this study is to determine if BDNF and NGF are expressed in cervical discs after painful WBV in a rat model.

Summary Of Background Data: WBV is a possible source of neck pain and has been implicated as increasing the risk for disc disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000000457DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4149599PMC
September 2014
4 Reads

Median and ulnar neuropathies in U.S. Army Medical Command Band members.

Med Probl Perform Art 2013 Dec;28(4):188-94

Clinical Electrophysiology Services, Texas Physical Therapy Specialists, 1324 Common Street, Suite 307, New Braunfels, TX 78130, USA. Tel 210-705-3441, fax 830-625-3228.

Purpose: Musicians have been reported as having a high prevalence of upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorders, including carpal tunnel syndrome. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of median and ulnar neuropathies in U.S. Read More

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December 2013
4 Reads

The upper extremity musculoskeletal complications in dialysis patients: comparison between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2013 ;26(3):267-371

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the upper extremity musculoskeletal complications in the patients who had been receiving hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD).

Material And Methods: The patients who had been receiving HD (n=17) or CAPD (n=15) were included to the study. The age, gender, duration of dialysis were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/BMR-130375DOI Listing
November 2013
10 Reads

[Manual lifting and manual transport: risk assessment and prevalence of work-related diseases in construction companies in Basilicata].

Med Lav 2013 Mar-Apr;104(2):126-40

Unità di ricerca Ergonomia della Postura e del Movimento - CEMOC - Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda - Ospedale Policlinico di Milano.

Background: The Basilicata Regional Headquarters of the Italian Institute for Insurance against Occupational Accidents and Disease (INAIL) and the Basilicata association of small building enterprises (Edilcassa di Basilicata) promoted a research project to assess the risk of manual lifting and manual transport in construction enterprises in the Basilicata Region and estimate the prevalence of related diseases.

Methods: Manual lifting risk assessment was performed by calculating the VLI of 204 working days in as many building workers. Manual transport risk assessment was carried out comparing the weights transported (on the 204 days tested) with the reference values of the "Snoock and Ciriello" tables. Read More

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July 2013
2 Reads

Severe sprains of the sub-axial cervical spine in adolescents: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge: a report of three cases.

Eur Spine J 2014 May 28;23 Suppl 2:150-6. Epub 2013 Apr 28.

Galway University Hospital, Newcastle Road, Galway, Ireland,

Background: Sub-axial cervical spine(C spine) distraction flexion injuries, known as cervical sprains, have been divided into either "benign" or "severe" sprains depending on the integrity of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) of the spinal column. It is a very uncommon injury and rarely reported in the literature. Most of the reports in the literature discuss this injury in the adult age group and so the adolescent age group was also considered to follow the same model of progression of mechanical instability depending on the degree and extent of structures injured, including the PLL as a cutoff factor between a "stable" and an "unstable" injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-013-2794-5DOI Listing
May 2014
2 Reads

Finite element modeling of potential cervical spine pain sources in neutral position low speed rear impact.

Authors:
Duane S Cronin

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2014 May 4;33:55-66. Epub 2013 Feb 4.

University of Waterloo, Mechanical Engineering, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1. Electronic address:

The rate of soft tissue sprain/strain injuries to the cervical spine and associated cost continue to be significant; however, the physiological nature of this injury makes experimental tests challenging while aspects such as occupant position and musculature may contribute to significant variability in the current epidemiological data. Several theories have been proposed to identify the source of pain associated with whiplash. The goal of this study was to investigate three proposed sources of pain generation using a detailed numerical model in rear impact scenarios: distraction of the capsular ligaments; transverse nerve root compression through decrease of the intervertebral foramen space; and potential for damage to the disc based on the extent of rotation and annulus fibre strain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2013.01.006DOI Listing
May 2014
6 Reads

Towards establishing an occupational threshold for cumulative shear force in the vertebral joint - an in vitro evaluation of a risk factor for spondylolytic fractures using porcine specimens.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2013 Mar 27;28(3):246-54. Epub 2013 Jan 27.

Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Injury models for spondylolytic fracture of the pars interarticularis have long considered repetitive shear loading as a risk factor without quantifying the relationship between shear force magnitude and fatigue life. This investigation sought to quantify the relationship using a basic in vitro approach.

Methods: Thirty-two (16 C3-C4, 16 C5-C6) porcine cervical specimens were exposed to repetitive shear loading to 20%, 40%, 60%, or 80% of their calculated ultimate anterior shear failure tolerance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2013.01.003DOI Listing
March 2013
2 Reads

[Cervical retro-odontoid pseudo-tumor treated with posterior decompression surgery].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2013 ;53(1):33-6

Division of Neurology, Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki Hospital.

A cervical retro-odontoid pseudo-tumor, which is considered as a reactive fibrocartilaginous mass, is a rare condition in cervical myelopathy. A 63-year-old male, with repeated neck axial movements by a long-term leisure-time cycling, developed subacute myelopathy. Cervical MRI showed a mass lesion at the retro-odontoid region, compressing to the upper spinal cord. Read More

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December 2013
2 Reads

Mucopolysaccharide disorders in orthopaedic surgery.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2013 Jan;21(1):12-22

Seattle Children's Hospital, WA, USA.

The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) are a family of disorders characterized by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans, which is caused by enzyme deficiencies in the lysosomal metabolism of these normal cellular byproducts. Skeletal abnormalities are early and prominent features of MPS, and the orthopaedic surgeon is often the first healthcare provider to raise suspicion for this diagnosis. Recently developed medical therapies for the management of MPS (ie, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, intravenous enzyme replacement therapy) have led to increased lifespan but have not had much effect on the development of skeletal deformities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-21-01-12DOI Listing
January 2013
13 Reads

Prevalence of and factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms in the spine attributed to computer use in undergraduate students.

Work 2012 ;43(4):497-506

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the 3-month prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms at the spine attributed to computer use and to identify biopsychosocial factors associated with the prevalence in undergraduate students.

Participants: Undergraduate students who studied at a public university in Thailand.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a self-administered questionnaire delivered to 3,545 students. Read More

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http://www.medra.org/servlet/aliasResolver?alias=iospress&am
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-1387DOI Listing
March 2013
6 Reads

Pre- and post-operative comorbidities in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome: cervical arthritis, basal joint arthritis of the thumb, and trigger digit.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2013 Jan 2;38(1):50-6. Epub 2012 May 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

We retrospectively reviewed 633 hands in 362 patients who had idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome and underwent carpal tunnel release between 1999 and 2009. Electrophysiological studies and simple radiographs of the wrist, cervical spine, and basal joint of the thumb were routinely checked, and patients were also assessed for the presence of trigger digit or de Quervain's disease before and after surgery. Among 362 patients, cervical arthritis was found in 253 patients (70%), and C5-C6 arthritis was the most common site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193412445441DOI Listing
January 2013
2 Reads

[Risk assessment of biomechanical overload of limbs and spine in workers employed on stone paving roads, using a combination of different methods].

Med Lav 2012 Jan-Feb;103(1):49-57

Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale ed Applicata, Medicina del Lavoro e Igiene Industriale, Laboratorio di Igiene Industriale, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Italy.

Background: Few data exist on the risk of musculoskeletal disorders in road paving workers, in addition methods for risk assessment of biomechanical overload of the lower limbs and the spine are also lacking.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the risk from biomechanical overload for the whole musculoskeletal system and manual handling involved in the activity of stone paving of roads.

Methods: In accordance with the guidelines of the Italian Society of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene various risk assessment methods were used. Read More

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May 2012
3 Reads

The radiologic relationship of the shoulder girdle to the thorax as an aid in diagnosing neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome.

J Hand Surg Am 2012 Jun 4;37(6):1187-93. Epub 2012 Apr 4.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) is produced by compression of the brachial plexus in the thoracic outlet. The lower position of the shoulder girdle relative to the upper thorax may be related to NTOS. We investigated this hypothesis using plain cervical radiographs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2012.02.022DOI Listing
June 2012
4 Reads

[Numbness in the hands].

Authors:
D Eschle

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2012 Mar;101(7):477-81

Facharzt FMH fur Neurologie RehaClinic Bad Zurzach Quellenstrasse 34 5330 Bad Zurzach.

My hands are numb is a common complaint in primary care. Generally, carpal tunnel syndrome can be suspected. This case report explains typical aspects of clinical reasoning used by neurologists to confirm the diagnosis, and also provides some details of «red flags» based on history and examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a000888DOI Listing
March 2012
3 Reads

Cervical spine pain in the competitive athlete.

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 2011 Aug 8;22(3):459-71, viii. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

Rehabilitation, Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington and Seattle Children's Sports Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.

Cervical pain is a common complaint in both the well-conditioned athlete and the weekend warrior. Some injuries are mild in nature, responding to conservative treatment, including rest, medication, physical therapy, and time. However, more serious injuries, especially those involving the cervical spine, can have devastating consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2011.02.007DOI Listing
August 2011
4 Reads

Cervical pneumatocyst.

J Neurosurg Spine 2011 Sep 27;15(3):332-5. Epub 2011 May 27.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

The authors present the case of a 56-year-old right hand-dominant woman who was referred for chronic neck pain and a second opinion regarding a cervical lesion. The patient's pain was localized to the subaxial spine in the midline. She reported a subjective sense of intermittent left arm weakness manifesting as difficulty manipulating small objects with her hands and fingers. Read More

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https://thejns.org/view/journals/j-neurosurg-spine/15/3/arti
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2011.5.SPINE10627DOI Listing
September 2011
19 Reads

Perineural cyst presenting like cubital tunnel syndrome.

Eur Spine J 2012 Jun 15;21 Suppl 4:S387-9. Epub 2011 May 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Merkez/Sivas, Turkey.

Perineural cysts are believed to be asymptomatic; however, they rarely cause symptoms related to nerve root compression. Cervical symptomatic perineural cysts are in fact exceedingly rare. There are no reported cervical perineural cysts in the literature that present like cubital tunnel syndrome. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00586-011-1839-x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-011-1839-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3369044PMC
June 2012
16 Reads

Women with carpal tunnel syndrome show restricted cervical range of motion.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2011 May 6;41(5):305-10. Epub 2011 Apr 6.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Avenida de Atenas s/n, 28922 Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain.

Study Design: A case control, blinded study.

Objectives: To compare the amount of cervical range of motion in women with minimal, mild/moderate, and severe carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) to that of healthy control participants. We also assessed the relationships between cervical range of motion and clinical variables related to the intensity and temporal profile of pain within each CTS group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2011.3536DOI Listing
May 2011
4 Reads

Spine injuries in dancers.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2011 Jan-Feb;10(1):40-4

Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Milwaukee, WI 53266, USA.

Care of a dancer calls for a unique balance between athlete and artist. The physician must familiarize himself or herself with dance terminology, common moves, correct technique, and dancer's mentality. The goal is to work intimately with the dancer to care for the injury and, if possible, continue to participate in portions of dance class to limit anxiety and increase compliance to treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/JSR.0b013e318205e08bDOI Listing
May 2011
10 Reads

Imaging of triathlon injuries.

Authors:
Michael J Tuite

Radiol Clin North Am 2010 Nov;48(6):1125-35

Musculoskeletal Division, Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin Medical School/UW Health, 600 Highland Avenue, Madison, WI 53792, USA.

Injuries in triathletes are common and are mostly overuse injuries. Rotator cuff tendinitis is the most common complaint from swimming, but the incidence of tendinopathy and rotator cuff tears on magnetic resonance imaging is comparable in triathletes without and with shoulder pain. Cycling injuries are mainly to the knee, including patellar tendinosis, iliotibial band syndrome, and patellofemoral stress syndrome, and to the Achilles tendon and the cervical and lumbar spine. Read More

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http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S003383891000122
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2010.07.008DOI Listing
November 2010
4 Reads

Specific mechanical pain hypersensitivity over peripheral nerve trunks in women with either unilateral epicondylalgia or carpal tunnel syndrome.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2010 Nov;40(11):751-60

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón Madrid, Spain.

Study Design: Case-control study with blinded examiner.

Objective: To investigate if pressure pain sensitivity is related to specific nerve trunks in the upper extremity of patients with either unilateral lateral epicondylalgia (LE) or carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

Background: In the clinical setting, patients with LE tend to exhibit radial nerve trunk tenderness, whereas patients with CTS exhibit median nerve tenderness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2010.3331DOI Listing
November 2010
4 Reads

Work-relatedness of selected chronic medical conditions and workers' compensation utilization: National health interview survey occupational health supplement data.

Am J Ind Med 2010 Dec;53(12):1252-63

Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background: An occupational health supplement (OHS) to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) bypassed many limitations of traditional occupational health surveillance systems, but the data collected about chronic work-related conditions have not yet been reported.

Methods: We calculated the prevalence and proportion of cases related to work for the aggregation of 13 chronic conditions included in the NHIS-OHS, and for 11 conditions individually. For each of nine conditions, and for the aggregation of all conditions, we also calculated the prevalence of workers' compensation claims filed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.20885DOI Listing
December 2010
6 Reads

Increased forward head posture and restricted cervical range of motion in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.

J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2009 Sep;39(9):658-64

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain.

Study Design: Case control study.

Objectives: To compare the amount of forward head posture (FHP) and cervical range of motion between patients with moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and healthy controls. We also sought to assess the relationships among FHP, cervical range of motion, and clinical variables related to the intensity and temporal profile of pain due to CTS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2009.3058DOI Listing
September 2009
12 Reads

Cubital tunnel surgery in patients with cervical radiculopathy: double crush syndrome?

Neurosurg Rev 2009 Oct 15;32(4):471-8. Epub 2009 Aug 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain.

To determine differences in clinical outcomes in patients harboring both cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) and cervical radiculopathy and the influence of the so-called double crush syndrome. Both procedures were performed in 24 patients, mean age 55 years; first group of 14 patients underwent CuTS surgery as a first procedure. Second group of 10 patients underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) then ulnar nerve release (UNR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10143-009-0219-zDOI Listing
October 2009
3 Reads

Musculoskeletal injuries in break-dancers.

Injury 2009 Nov 21;40(11):1207-11. Epub 2009 Jun 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Background: Since no epidemiologic studies have been reported about musculoskeletal injuries in break-dancers, there are no data on the rates and patterns of musculoskeletal injuries in this population that clinicians can use to find ways to decrease injury rate.

Hypothesis: We believe that the incidence of injuries in break-dancers is higher than assumed and that injury rates and patterns differ between professional and amateur dancers.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiologic study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2009.05.019DOI Listing
November 2009
9 Reads

[Multilevel contiguous injuries of the lower cervical spine during flexion trauma with delayed diagnosis: a case report].

Authors:
A-P Uzel L Do

Neurochirurgie 2009 Dec 28;55(6):585-8. Epub 2009 May 28.

Service d'orthopédie et de traumatologie, CHRU de Pointe-à-Pitre, route de Chauvel, 97159 Pointe-à-Pitre cedex, Guadeloupe.

The authors report a case of bilateral C4-C5 facet fracture dislocation associated with a severe sprain underlying C5-C6, which had occurred during an traffic accident. The diagnosis of severe sprain was raised on the 55 th day. The injury mechanism is studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2009.04.002DOI Listing
December 2009
3 Reads

Mandibular condylar fractures and acute atlanto-axial subluxation Part 2 A physiopathological factor for the cervical spine sprain.

Minerva Stomatol 2009 May;58(5):199-208

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of L'Aquila School of Medicine, Italy.

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyze the physiopathology of the acute cervical injure in the event of mandibular condylar fractures.

Methods: As in the Part 1, 25 non-consecutive cases of condylar mandibular fractures (16 males and 9 females, mean age: 22.96/range 14-36 years) observed and treated in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of the University of L'Aquila, have been studied. Read More

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May 2009
3 Reads

Effect of visual display height on modelled upper and lower cervical gravitational moment, muscle capacity and relative strain.

Ergonomics 2009 Feb;52(2):204-21

School of Physiotherapy, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia.

Head and neck posture is an important factor in neck pain related to computer use; however, the evidence for an optimal posture is unconvincing. This study measured the 3-D postures of 36 young adults during use of three different display heights. Cervical extensor muscle strain was estimated using modelled gravitational load moments and muscle capacities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140130802331609DOI Listing
February 2009
2 Reads

A cervical myelopathy with a Hirayama disease-like phenotype.

Neurol Sci 2008 Dec 4;29(6):451-4. Epub 2008 Dec 4.

ALS Clinical Research Center Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Palermo, Via G La Loggia 1, 90129, Palermo, Italy.

A 21-year-old man with a muscular atrophy of the left distal upper extremity is presented. The disorder had been progressive over a few years, showing an exacerbation of the hand's weakness when the patient worked in a chilled environment (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-008-1058-3DOI Listing
December 2008
6 Reads