1,958 results match your criteria Cervical Disc Injuries


Percutaneous plasma laser disc coagulation and navigable ablation decompression in the treatment of cervical disc herniation: a single center experience

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Feb 11;49(1):258-264. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Background/aim: We aimed to compare the effectivity of percutaneous disc coagulation therapy (PDCT) and navigable ablation decompression treatment (L-DISQ) in patients who were diagnosed with cervical disc herniation.

Materials And Methods: Visual analog scale (VAS) and Neck Pain Index (NPI) scores were recorded initially and at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 12th months after the procedures. Patient Satisfaction Scale (PSS) scores were recorded 12 months after the procedures

Results: Mean VAS scores were 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1805-191DOI Listing
February 2019

Development of a Customized Interbody Fusion Device for Treatment of Canine Disc-Associated Cervical Spondylomyelopathy.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2019 Jan 15;32(1):79-86. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives:  The main purpose of this study was to design, manufacture and implant a customized three-dimensional (3D) printed, intervertebral spacer to treat disc-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (DACSM) in dogs. This study also used advanced imaging to assess implant movement, subsidence and interbody fusion.

Animals:  Two client-owned dogs with DACSM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676075DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Management challenges of traumatic spondylolisthesis of the Axis with an unusual C2-C3 posterior subluxation in a paediatric patient: case report and literature review.

Afr Health Sci 2018 Jun;18(2):458-467

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

Introduction: Paediatric cervical spine injuries are uncommon. Traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis (TSA) is commonly encountered in the trauma setting. The management of TSA may be surgical or non-surgical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i2.31DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6306986PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Rare Case of Bilateral Pure Facet Joint Dislocation of Upper Lumbar Spine without Facet Fracture: A Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2018 May-Jun;8(3):58-60

Department of Spine surgery, MIOT international hospital, Chennai. India.

Introduction: Bilateral facetal dislocation without facet fracture, although common in cervical spine, is a very rare entity in lumbar spine with <15 cases reported so far. Such injuries are very unstable involving all the three columns. Neurological insult and visceral affection are commonly associated with bilateral facetal dislocation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298719PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Intervertebral disc herniation in elite athletes.

Int Orthop 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 North St. Clair Street, NMH/Arkes Family Pavilion Suite 1350, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Intervertebral disc herniations are a common cause of neck and back pain in athletes. It is thought to be more prevalent in athletes than in the general population due to the consistent pressure placed on the spine and concurrent microtraumas that are unable to heal. Prevention focuses on neck and trunk stability and flexibility, training on proper technique, and rule changes to minimize catastrophic injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-4261-8DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

A rare case of Brown-Sequard syndrome caused by traumatic cervical epidural hematoma.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 23;9:213. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Riverside University Health System, Riverside, California, USA.

Background: Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) is a well-known entity that is most commonly caused by a penetrating injury to the spinal cord (e.g., stab wound or gunshot wound). Read More

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http://www.surgicalneurologyint.com/text.asp?2018/9/1/213/24
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_142_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6213806PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

C5 pure motor spinal cord injury: A case with a rare manifestation of cervical spinal cord injury.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Jan 15;59:332-334. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University of Tsukuba, Japan. Electronic address:

We report an extremely rare case showing a fifth cervical spine (C5) level pure motor cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). A 55-year-old-man lost consciousness and fell into a bathtub. Immediately after regaining consciousness, the patient had right arm drop alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.014DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Death by hanging: a retrospective case-control investigation of the intervertebral disc vacuum phenomenon on PMCT.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2018 12 13;14(4):484-496. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Imaging, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190/52, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

During hanging gravitational forces affect the spine. Intervertebral vacuum phenomenon (VP) implies that gas accumulations in the discs are caused by degeneration of the spine and trauma. It was hypothesized that VP detected on postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) has a higher incidence in hanging deaths, which can be correlated to age, degenerative spinal changes and type of hanging (complete-incomplete). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12024-018-0034-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-018-0034-3DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Spinal fractures in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: Clinical characteristics by fracture level.

J Orthop Sci 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan; Keio Spine Research Group, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) makes the spine prone to unstable fractures with neurological deterioration. This study was conducted to assess clinical and radiographic features of spinal fractures in DISH by the level of spinal injury, and to evaluate the optimal treatment for each level.

Methods: A multicenter retrospective study over a 5-year period, including 46 patients (35 males; 11 females) with a mean age of 77. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09492658183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2018.10.017DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Button Battery Safety: Industry and Academic Partnerships to Drive Change.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Feb 8;52(1):149-161. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

National Capital Poison Center, 3201 New Mexico Avenue Northwest #310, Washington, DC 20016, USA.

The pediatric button battery (BB) hazard has been recognized for several decades. In 2012, the National Button Battery Task Force was established, and most manufacturers have improved warning labels, more secure packaging, and made BB compartments in products are more secure. Tissue neutralization before BB removal (ie, honey or sucralfate/Carafate®) is an effective way to reduce the rate of BB injury. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00306665183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.08.009DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads

Enhancing Evaluation of Cervical Spine: Thresholds for Normal CT Relationships in the Subaxial Cervical Spine.

Int J Spine Surg 2018 Aug 31;12(4):510-519. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

MUSC Department of Orthopaedics, Charleston, South Carolina.

Background: Very little normative computed tomography (CT) scan data exist defining expected relationships of vertebral structures in the intact cervical spine. Better understanding of normal relationships should improve sensitivity of injury detection, particularly for facet subluxation. The purpose of this paper was to describe the normal anatomical relationships and most sensitive measurements to detect abnormal alignment in the subaxial cervical spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/5062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159701PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Influence of neck position on commonly performed radiographic measurements of the cervical vertebral region in horses.

Am J Vet Res 2018 Oct;79(10):1044-1049

OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of various neck positions on cervical vertebral radiographic measurements in horses. ANIMALS 18 client-owned horses examined for lameness but free of cervical disease. PROCEDURES Laterolateral radiographs of the cervical vertebrae from C1 through T1 were acquired for each horse in 3 neck positions (low, neutral, and high). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.79.10.1044DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Mechanisms of Cervical Spine Disc Injury under Cyclic Loading.

Asian Spine J 2018 Oct 10;12(5):910-918. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Study Design: Determination of human cervical spine disc response under cyclic loading.

Purpose: To explain the potential mechanisms of intervertebral disc injury caused by cyclic loading.

Overview Of Literature: Certain occupational environments in civilian and military populations may affect the cervical spine of individuals by cyclic loading. Read More

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http://asianspinejournal.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.31616/a
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2018.12.5.910DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147880PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Intervertebral disc degeneration induced by long-segment in-situ immobilization: a macro, micro, and nanoscale analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Aug 28;19(1):308. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Orthopaedic Institute, Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of SooChow University, 708 Renmin Rd, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215006, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cervical spine fixation or immobilization has become a routine treatment for spinal fracture, dislocation, subluxation injuries, or spondylosis. The effects of immobilization of intervertebral discs of the cervical spine is unclear. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-segment in-situ immobilization of intervertebral discs of the caudal vertebra, thereby simulating human cervical spine immobilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2235-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114269PMC
August 2018
7 Reads

[Biomechanical study of different kinds of internal fixation for the typeⅠ Hangman fracture, type Ⅱ odontoid fracture and the C(2/3) disc injury: a finite-element analysis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug;98(31):2489-2495

Department of Spinal Surgery, Ningbo No.6 Hospital, Ningbo 315040, China.

To analyze the biomechanical stability of four kinds of internal fixation for the type Ⅰ Hangman fracture, type Ⅱ odontoid fracture and the C(2/3) disc injury by finite element (FE) analysis. Thin-section spiral computed tomography (0.5 mm) was performed on C(1) to C(3) region of cervical vertebra in healthy male volunteers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.31.008DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

Spine surgery in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 Apr;64(4):379-383

Neurosurgeon - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Unicamp, Campinas-SP, Brasil.

Introduction: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an idiopathic seronegative spondyloartropathy that involves mainly the axial skeleton and the sacroiliac joints. AS promotes biomechanical changes in the spine that predispose to fractures, spinal deformity and spondylodiscitis. The aim of this article is to report the clinical and laboratorial characteristics of patients with AS who underwent spinal surgery at our Institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.64.04.379DOI Listing
April 2018
14 Reads

Evaluation of Temporomandibular Disorders and Comorbidities in Patients with Ehler--Danlos: Clinical and Digital Findings.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2018 Jul-Aug;8(4):333-338. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Objective: The objective of this study is to recognize representative cranio-cervico-mandibular features of patients with Ehler-Danlos syndrome and associated temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), to assess a targeted and integrated treatment plan.

Materials And Methods: After a diagnosis of disease, 38 individiuals with Ehler-Danlos syndrome and temporomandibular symptomatology referred were evaluated. Gnathological evaluation, according to the Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs, and radiographic imaging was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_103_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071363PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

CLINICAL DECISION MAKING AND DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS IN A CYCLIST WITH UPPER QUARTER PAIN, NUMBNESS, AND WEAKNESS: A CASE REPORT.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Apr;13(2):255-268

OSU Sports Medicine, Sports Physical Therapy Residency, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background And Purpose: Differentiating between cervical nerve root and peripheral nerve injuries can be challenging. A phenomenon known as double crush syndrome may increase the susceptibility to injury and symptoms at other locations along the course of the nerve. The purpose of this case report is to describe the physical therapy differential diagnosis and management of a cyclist with upper extremity pain, weakness, and paresthesia. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6063071PMC
April 2018
13 Reads

Posterior Percutaneous Endoscopic Cervical Diskectomy: A Single-Center Experience of 252 Cases.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 1;120:e63-e67. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Orthopaedics, Changzheng Hospital Affiliated to the Second Military, Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical foraminotomy and diskectomy has remarkably evolved with successful results. Although percutaneous endoscopic cervical diskectomy (PECD) has gained popularity, the risk of surgical failure may be a major obstacle to performing PECD. We analyzed unsuccessful cases requiring reoperation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.141DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Interobserver Reliability of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predictors of Outcome in Cervical Spine Degenerative Conditions.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 15;117:e215-e220. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Although recent work has focused on characterizing quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) markers that may predict outcome among patients with cervical degenerative conditions, little is known about their reliability. Measurement and reporting of these markers is time-consuming and nonstandardized, preventing routine use in clinical care.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed cervical MRI among subjects prospectively enrolled in a health outcomes study of elective surgery for degenerative cervical spine conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.242DOI Listing
September 2018
22 Reads

Myofascial trigger points in patients with temporomandibular joint disc displacement with reduction: a cross-sectional study.

J Appl Oral Sci 2018 06 18;26:e20170578. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Departamento de Odontologia, Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

Objective: The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in patients with articular disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) and to identify which clinical variables are associated with the concomitant presence of DDWR and MTrPs.

Material And Methods: 130 patients were selected that sought treatment due to joint pain, with ages ≥18 years, of both genders, with DDWR confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The sample was divided into two groups: Group 1, patients with DDWR and MTrPs (N=101); and Group 2, patients with DDWR and no MTrPs (N=29). Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-7757-2017-0578DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6010330PMC
June 2018
8 Reads

Outcomes of Unstable Subaxial Cervical Spine Fractures Managed by Posteroanterior Stabilization and Fusion.

Asian Spine J 2018 Jun 4;12(3):416-422. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Department of Spine Services, MIOT International, Chennai, India.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Purpose: To evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of unstable subaxial cervical spine injuries managed by both posterior tension band column stabilization and anterior decompression, stabilization, and fusion.

Overview Of Literature: Unstable subaxial cervical spine injuries often involve disruption of the anterior column and posterior tension band osteoligamentous complex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.416DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6002174PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy Is More Frequent After Secondary than After Primary Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: Insights from a Registry of 525 Patients.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 1;116:e1047-e1053. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Bergman Clinics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy is a common complication after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and usually manifests with dysphagia, hoarseness, and respiratory difficulties. Next to proven risk factors, such as age and multilevel procedures, RLN palsy has been speculated to occur more frequently after secondary ACDF procedures.

Methods: We analyzed a prospective registry of all consecutive patients undergoing zero-profile ACDF for disc herniation, myelopathy, or stenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.162DOI Listing
August 2018
28 Reads

Clinical and Imaging Features of Longus Colli Calcific Tendinitis: An Analysis of Ten Cases.

Clin Orthop Surg 2018 Jun 18;10(2):204-209. Epub 2018 May 18.

Spine Center and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital, Pohang, Korea.

Background: Longus colli calcific tendinitis (LCCT) exhibits characteristic clinical features; thus, misidentification can be avoided once it is learned. There is a lack of reports on this disease. In this study, we analyzed the imaging and clinical features of LCCT in 10 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4055/cios.2018.10.2.204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5964269PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Retention of Nonabsorbable Hemostatic Materials (Retained Surgical Sponge, Gossypiboma, Textiloma, Gauzoma, Muslinoma) After Spinal Surgery: A Systematic Review of Cases Reported During the Last Half-Century.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 26;116:255-267. Epub 2018 May 26.

Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Retention of nonabsorbable hemostatic materials (RNHMs), that is, retained surgical sponge, gauzoma, gossypiboma, muslinoma, or textiloma, is a rarely seen surgical complication after spinal surgery that may remain asymptomatic for many years and may represent a diagnostic difficulty with associated medicolegal implications.

Methods: We performed a systematic review of the English-language literature published between 1965 and 2017, accessed through 4 popular databases. We found a total of 37 articles (24 case reports; 7 image presentations; 5 clinical series, and 1 letter to editor) containing 58 cases of RNHMs located within the spinal canal or around the spinal column after surgery. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183107
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.119DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Intraoperative Anterior Migration of the Prestige-LP Cervical Disc Owing to an Inappropriate Implantation Sequence During Continuous 2-Level Artificial Cervical Disc Replacement: A Case Report with 8-Year Follow-Up.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 23;116:194-200. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

Background: Owing to its unique advantages, 2-level artificial cervical disc replacement (ACDR) is gaining attention. Among artificial discs designed for use in ACDR, the Food and Drug Administration-approved Prestige-LP Cervical Disc is widely used. There are no standard implantation sequences for 2-level ACDR using the Prestige-LP disc, and complications resulting from inappropriate implantation sequences remain unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.093DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Patterns of Cervical Disc Degeneration: Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Over 1000 Symptomatic Subjects.

Global Spine J 2018 May 17;8(3):254-259. Epub 2017 Aug 17.

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate cervical disc degeneration on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a large population of symptomatic patients and to provide baseline data on the pattern of degeneration in order to understand how the cervical spine ages.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of 1059 patients who underwent upright cervical MRI for neck pain with and without neurological symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2192568217719436DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5958484PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Surgical Treatment for Odontoid Fractures in Patients with Long-Standing Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Report of 3 Cases and Review of the Literature.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 17;116:88-93. Epub 2018 May 17.

Spine Center, Department of Orthopaedics, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is classified as a chronic inflammatory seronegative rheumatic arthritis. Patients with AS are more likely to sustain a fracture of the cervical spine compared with the general population. Most fractures occur in the lower cervical spine and manifest at the level of the intervertebral disc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.055DOI Listing
August 2018
6 Reads

[Observation of early clinical effect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic technology in treating cervical spondylotic radiculopathy].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Apr;31(4):306-310

Orthopedic Hospital of Jieshou, Xing'an 541306, Guangxi, China.

Objective: To explore the early clinical effect and safety of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic technology for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy.

Methods: From August 2016 to September 2017, 14 patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy who responded poorly to non-surgical treatment for at least 6 weeks underwent percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy via posterior approach. There were 6 males and 8 females, aging from 32 to 68 years old with an average of (40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2018.04.003DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Cervical spine fracture through a cervical disc replacement.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 29;47:80-88. Epub 2018 Mar 29.

National Spinal Injuries Unit, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Eccles St, Dublin 7, Ireland.

Introduction: We report a rare case of cervical spine trauma through a cervical disc replacement and adjacent multilevel disc fusions. Cervical disc replacement (CDR) is a viable option for the surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease however long term follow up data regarding this operative technique is poor specifically relating to traumatic complications. We know of no previous reports of bilateral cervical pedicle fractures occurring adjacent to CDR and anterior cervical spine instrumentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.03.036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5994689PMC
March 2018
5 Reads

Clinical Relationship of Degenerative Changes between the Cervical and Lumbar Spine.

Asian Spine J 2018 Apr 16;12(2):343-348. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective, observational, case series.

Purpose: To elucidate the prevalence of degenerative changes in the cervical and lumbar spine and estimate the degenerative changes in the cervical spine based on the degeneration of lumbar disc through a retrospective review of magnetic resonance (MR) images.

Overview Of Literature: Over 50% of middle-aged adults show evidence of spinal degeneration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4184/asj.2018.12.2.343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5913027PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Preliminary female cervical spine injury risk curves from PMHS tests.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2018 Jul 24;83:143-147. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Division of Biostatistics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

The human cervical spine sustains compressive loading in automotive events and military operational activities, and the contact and noncontact loading are the two primary impact modes. Biomechanical and anatomical studies have shown differences between male and female cervical spines. Studies have been conducted to determine the human tolerance in terms of forces from postmortem human subject (PMHS) specimens from male and female spines; however, parametric risk curves specific to female spines are not available from contact loading to the head-neck complex under the axial mode. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17516161183064
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.04.020DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

Sequential neurological improvements after conservative treatment in patients with complete motor paralysis caused by cervical spinal cord injury without bone and disc injury.

J Neurosurg Spine 2018 Jul 20;29(1):1-9. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Departments of1Orthopaedic Surgery and.

OBJECTIVE This study investigated neurological improvements after conservative treatment in patients with complete motor paralysis caused by acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) without bone and disc injury. METHODS This study was retrospective. The authors evaluated neurological outcomes after conservative treatment of 62 patients with complete motor paralysis caused by cervical SCI without bone and disc injury within 72 hours after trauma. Read More

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https://thejns.org/view/journals/j-neurosurg-spine/29/1/arti
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2017.10.SPINE17844DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of spine MRIs in athletes participating in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2018 8;4(1):e000335. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background/aim: In high-level Olympic athletes, many spinal pathologies arise from overuse, while others are the result of acute injury. Our aim is to analyse the epidemiology of spinal pathologies detected on MRI in athletes participating in the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Summer Olympics.

Methods: In this retrospective study, all spine MRIs performed during the 2016 Rio Games were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2017-000335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5884350PMC
March 2018
17 Reads

Influence of morphological variations on cervical spine segmental responses from inertial loading.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 02;19(sup1):S29-S36

b Department of Engineering Design , Indian Institute of Technology Madras , Chennai , India.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of morphological variations in osteoligamentous lower cervical spinal segment responses under postero-anterior inertial loading.

Methods: A parametric finite element model of the C5-C6 spinal segment was used to generate models. Variations in the vertebral body and facet depth (anteroposterior), posterior process length, intervertebral disc height, facet articular process height and slope, segment orientation ranging from lordotic to straight, and segment size were parameterized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2017.1403017DOI Listing
February 2018
1 Read

Management of irreducible unilateral facet joint dislocations in subaxial cervical spine: two case reports and a review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Mar 21;12(1):74. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Jinan Military Command, Jinan, 250031, China.

Background: Skeletal and soft tissue damage are often associated with unilateral facet dislocations, which undoubtedly lead to instability of the spine and further increase difficulties in cervical reduction. This type of irreducible facet dislocation is usually accompanied with potential catastrophic consequences including neurological deficit and severe disability. Therefore, a consistent and evidence-based treatment plan is imperative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1609-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5861664PMC
March 2018
6 Reads

[Efficacy of intramedullary and extramedullary decompression and lavage therapy under microscope for treatment of chronic cervical spinal cord injury].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2018 Feb;38(2):174-180

Department of Spine Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China. E-mail:

Objective: To analyze the clinical effect of spinal cord decompression and lavage therapy on chronic cervical spinal cord injury and explore the possible mechanism.

Methods: Fifty-seven patients with chronic cervical spinal cord injury treated in our hospital from January, 2008 to January, 2015 were enrolled, including 17 with multilevel cervical disc herniation, 25 with long segmental ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, 13 with hypertrophy or calcification of neck ligamentum flavum, and 2 with old cervical fractures. Open-door spinal canal laminoplasty via a posterior approach and decompression in simple extramedullary decompression was performed in 31 cases (group A), and open-door spinal cord incision decompression via a posterior approach, saline irrigation, and spinal canal laminoplasty in intramedullary decompression was performed in 26 cases (group B). Read More

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February 2018
10 Reads

Do findings identified on magnetic resonance imaging predict future neck pain? A systematic review.

Spine J 2018 05 2;18(5):880-891. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Balaclava Rd, North Ryde, Sydney 2109, Australia. Electronic address:

Background Context: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to identify pathology contributing to neck pain. However, the importance of findings on MRI remains unclear.

Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether findings on cervical spine MRI predict future neck pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2018.01.025DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Intraoperative conversion of artificial cervical disc replacement to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for iatrogenic fracture: A rare case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8917

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Rationale: Artificial cervical disc replacement (ACDR) has been reported to be an effective and safe surgical treatment for cervical spondylosis. However, iatrogenic fracture during ACDR surgery has rarely been reported. Considering its infrequency, we report a rare clinical case, with the aim of sharing our experience and exploring when to convert ACDR to fusion intraoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000008917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5709027PMC
November 2017
4 Reads

Enhancing evaluation of cervical spine: Thresholds for normal CT relationships in the subaxial cervical spine.

Int J Spine Surg 2017 5;11:36. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

MUSC Department of Orthopaedics, Charleston, SC.

Background: Very little normative CT scan data exist defining expected relationships of vertebral structures in the intact cervical spine. Better understanding of normal relationships should improve sensitivity of injury detection, particularly for facet subluxation. The purpose of this paper was to describe the normal anatomical relationships and most sensitive measurements to detect abnormal alignment in the subaxial cervical spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/4036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5779274PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Clinical and Radiologic Results of Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy in Elderly Patients with T2-Weighted Increased Signal Intensity.

World Neurosurg 2018 Apr 31;112:e520-e526. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate clinical and radiologic results of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for cervical spondylotic myelopathy in elderly patients with T2-weighted increased signal intensity (ISI), focusing specifically on the quantitative analysis of ISI.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 88 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy with ISI who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Patients were divided into 2 groups: patients older than 65 (elderly group, 36 patients) or younger (young group, 52 patients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.01.071DOI Listing
April 2018
8 Reads

[Progress on laminoplasty in spinal canal disease].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2017 Feb;30(2):125-131

Jinling Clinical Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210000, Jiangsu, China;

Surgery is the preferred method for the treatment of spinal canal disease, surgical method involves laminectomy and laminoplasty. The ideal spinal surgery not only should fully expose the spinal canal, completely resect the occupied position and remove the spinal cord compression, but also should maintain the stability of spinal biomechanics. Because of the different realization of clinician to safeguard and rebuild the spinal stabilization during opertion of spinal canal disease, and choice of surgical method and how to maintain the stability of spine biomechanics has become a hot of research in this field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2017.02.007DOI Listing
February 2017
3 Reads

Autologous Bone Harvest in Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: A Quantitative and Qualitative In Vitro Analysis of Cadaveric Tissue.

World Neurosurg 2018 Apr 6;112:e134-e139. Epub 2018 Jan 6.

Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Trauma Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany.

Background: The cervical spine may be used as a harvesting site of local autograft material during anterior cervical discectomy and fusion procedures. We analyzed the quality and composition of bone grafts obtained from different parts of the cervical vertebrae in a cadaveric model.

Methods: Five fresh adult human cadavers with intact cervical spines were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.12.175DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Modified anterior-only reduction and fixation for traumatic cervical facet dislocation (AO type C injuries).

Eur Spine J 2018 06 26;27(6):1447-1453. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Department of Orthopaedics and Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Purpose: Surgical reduction of uni and bi-facetal dislocations of the cervical spine (AO type C injuries) can be performed by posterior, anterior or combined approaches. Ease of access, low infection rates and less risks of neurological worsening has popularized anterior approach. However, the reduction of locked cervical facets can be intricate through anterior approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5430-yDOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Exploration about changes of IL-10, NF-κB and MMP-3 in a rat model of cervical spondylosis.

Mol Immunol 2018 01 1;93:184-188. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Department of Orthopedics, The Affiliated Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital with Nanjing Medical University Changzhou 213003, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: To investigate the relationship and mechanism between IL-10, NF-κB and MMP-3 in cervical degenerative disease induced by unbalanced dynamic and static forces in rats.

Methods: Sixty Sprague Dawley rats were randomized into test (n=45) and control (n=15) groups, which were randomly subdivided into three groups corresponding to one-month, three-month and six-month post-operation. Test group included 10, 15, 20 rats at corresponding postoperative stage and control group had five rats at each time point. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2017.11.025DOI Listing
January 2018
8 Reads

Isolated C5 Vertebrae Dislocation with Trauma: An Extremely Rare Case of Isolated C5 Dislocation.

Am J Case Rep 2017 Nov 28;18:1256-1260. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Yeditepe University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

BACKGROUND Total spondylolisthesis, or dislocation of 1 cervical vertebrae, is only caused by high-energy trauma and is usually fatal. Cervical spine fractures and dislocations often cause 3-column structural damage to the cervical spine, injury to the spinal cord, and precipitating alignment of the cervical vertebrae, as well as cervical instability, which are detrimental, show poor prognosis, and are associated with high rates of mortality rate and disability. CASE REPORT We report an extremely rare case of isolated C5 dislocation caused by falling out of a tree, with sudden tetraplegia. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5715984PMC
November 2017
9 Reads

Cervical intradural disc herniation: A systematic review.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Feb 20;48:1-6. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Cervical intradural disc herniation (CIDH) is rare, and diagnosis and treatment are challenging. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of CIDH.

Method: The presentation, imaging manifestations, diagnosis, management, prognosis and possible pathogenesis were reviewed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.10.024DOI Listing
February 2018
12 Reads

Current practice and usual care of major cervical disorders in Korea: A cross-sectional study of Korean health insurance review and assessment service national patient sample data.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(46):e8751

aJaseng Spine and Joint Research Institute, Jaseng Medical Foundation, Seoul bDepartment of Korean Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Dae-Jeon University, Daejeon cALS & MND Center at Wonkwang University Korean Medicine Hospital in Gwangju, Gwangju dDepartment of Cardiovascular and Neurological Diseases (Stroke Center), College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Neck pain is a highly common condition and is the 4th major cause of years lived with disability. Previous literature has focused on the effect of specific treatments, and observations of actual practice are lacking to date. This study examined Korean health insurance review and assessment service (HIRA) claims data to the aim of assessing prevalence and comparing current medical practice and costs of cervical disorders in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000008751DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5704872PMC
November 2017
43 Reads

Posterior Cervical Laminectomy Results in Better Radiographic Decompression of Spinal Cord Compared with Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion.

World Neurosurg 2018 Feb 11;110:e362-e366. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Cervical spondylitic myelopathy is a degenerative condition resulting from chronic spinal cord compression and a leading cause of nontraumatic spinal cord dysfunction. The chief surgical goal in the management of cervical spondylitic myelopathy is adequate spinal cord decompression with or without fusion to slow or prevent further neurologic decline. We conducted a radiographic analysis of canal parameters preoperatively and postoperatively for patients undergoing either anterior or posterior cervical decompression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.11.017DOI Listing
February 2018
21 Reads