2,034 results match your criteria Cervical Disc Injuries


Musculoskeletal Injuries in Master Swimmers: A National Survey in Turkey.

Cureus 2020 Jun 3;12(6):e8421. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Orthopaedics, University of Health Sciences, Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Antalya, TUR.

Background This study aimed to determine the frequency of musculoskeletal injuries in master swimmers in Turkey. Methods A questionnaire was formed and distributed to all master swimmers registered with the Turkish Swimming Federation. The collected data included age, sex, the age to start swimming (SAS), weekly training time (WTT), weekly training distance (WTD), any painful episode that lasted more than 10 days in any of the body regions within last one year, any confirmed diagnosis of musculoskeletal disease by a physician, and history of musculoskeletal surgical operation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8421DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336593PMC

Efficacy of arthrocentesis and lavage for treatment of post-traumatic arthritis in temporomandibular joints.

J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jun;46(3):174-182

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: Joint injuries frequently lead to progressive joint degeneration that causes articular disc derangement, joint inflammation, and osteoarthritis. Such arthropathies that arise after trauma are defined as post-traumatic arthritis (PTA). Although PTA is well recognized in knee and elbow joints, PTA in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has not been clearly defined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5125/jkaoms.2020.46.3.174DOI Listing

Assessment of Outcomes of Spine Surgery in Indian Athletes Involved in High-End Contact Sports.

Asian Spine J 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Spine Surgery, Lilavati Hospital and Research Center, Mumbai, India.

Study Design: This study was a retrospective analysis.

Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the functional outcome following spinal surgery in elite athletes using return-to-play criteria.

Overview Of Literature: Spinal ailments are relatively common in athletes and are bound to increase due to the ever-growing popularity of contact sports. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.31616/asj.2019.0376DOI Listing

Management of Complex Facial Injuries: Cutting Traumas by Angle Grinders.

Int J Otolaryngol 2020 17;2020:1891250. Epub 2020 May 17.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Klinikum Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.

The use of angle grinders can lead to complex facial injuries. The most frequent sites affected are within the head and face region. Anatomical boundaries or structures are not respected by the high-speed disc of angle grinders, and thus, injuries can be mutilating, permanently disabling, or even lethal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1891250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251467PMC

Long-term intubation and high rate of tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients might determine an unprecedented increase of airway stenoses: a call to action from the European Laryngological Society.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Jun 6. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Largo R. Benzi 10, 16132, Genoa, Italy.

Introduction: The novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, may need intensive care unit (ICU) admission in up to 12% of all positive cases for massive interstitial pneumonia, with possible long-term endotracheal intubation for mechanical ventilation and subsequent tracheostomy. The most common airway-related complications of such ICU maneuvers are laryngotracheal granulomas, webs, stenosis, malacia and, less commonly, tracheal necrosis with tracheo-esophageal or tracheo-arterial fistulae.

Materials And Methods: This paper gathers the opinions of experts of the Laryngotracheal Stenosis Committee of the European Laryngological Society, with the aim of alerting the medical community about the possible rise in number of COVID-19-related laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS), and the aspiration of paving the way to a more rationale concentration of these cases within referral specialist airway centers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06112-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275663PMC

Contribution of injured posterior ligamentous complex and intervertebral disc on post-traumatic instability at the cervical spine.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2020 May 28:1-12. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole de technologie superieure, Montreal, Canada.

Posterior ligamentous complex (PLC) and intervertebral disc (IVD) injuries are common cervical spine flexion-distraction injuries, but the residual stability following their disruption is misknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of PLC and IVD disruption on post-traumatic cervical spine stability under low flexion moment (2 Nm) using a finite element (FE) model of C2-T1. The PLC was removed first and a progressive disc rupture (one third, two thirds and complete rupture) was modeled to simulate IVD disruption at C2-C3, C4-C5 and C6-C7. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2020.1767776DOI Listing

Injuries of the upper cervical spine-how can instability be identified?

Int Orthop 2020 Jul 25;44(7):1239-1253. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Trauma Surgery and Orthopaedics, BG Trauma Center Ludwigshafen, Ludwig-Guttmann-Str. 13, 67071, Ludwigshafen, Germany.

Objective: The diagnosis of instability of the injured upper cervical spine remains controversial, due to its complicated anatomical configuration and biomechanical property. Since identifying unstable injuries of the upper cervical spine is essential for immediate stabilizing therapy, this article reviews the current classification systems of upper cervical spine injuries and their statements towards instability.

Methods: A systematic review of literature concerning upper cervical spine injuries was performed on the PubMed database from inception to December 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-020-04593-yDOI Listing

The Effect of Compression Applied Through Constrained Lateral Eccentricity on the Failure Mechanics and Flexibility of the Human Cervical Spine.

J Biomech Eng 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Orthopaedic and Injury Biomechanics Group, Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Orthopaedics, University of British Columbia, International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries (ICORD), University of British Columbia, School of Biomedical Engineering, University of British Columbia.

In contrast to sagittal plane spine biomechanics, little is known about the response of the cervical spine to axial compression with lateral eccentricity of the applied force. This study evaluated the effect of lateral eccentricity on kinetics, kinematics, canal occlusion, injuries and flexibility of the cervical spine in translationally-constrained axial impacts. Eighteen functional spinal units were subjected to flexibility tests before and after an impact. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4047342DOI Listing

Treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy with posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy: Short-term outcomes of 24 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 May;99(20):e20216

Department of Spine Surgery, Guizhou Orthopedics Hospital, Guiyang, China.

To determine the short-term clinical outcomes of single-segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy treated with posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PPECD).Data of a total of 24 patients who underwent PPECD and local anesthesia for single-level segmental cervical spondylotic radiculopathy between March 2016 and December 2017 were reviewed. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association, visual analog scale (VAS), and neck disability index scores at preoperative 1 day, postoperative 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year were recorded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7254843PMC

Morphometric analysis of cervical intervertebral disc space to reduce neural complications during anterior approaches to the cervical spine.

J Orthop Sci 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: Although neurovascular complications rarely occur during surgical procedures, they have serious consequences. We reviewed the limits of safe surgery to decrease the possibility of neurovascular injuries.

Methods: Four measurements were performed for each patient at the vertebral levels adjacent to the intervertebral discs at C3-C4, C4-C5, C5-C6, and C6-C7. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jos.2020.03.019DOI Listing

Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Changing Frontiers.

World Neurosurg 2020 Mar;135:377-378

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Neurosurgery, Spinal Program, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.12.138DOI Listing

[Multivariate analysis of the operative effect on cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation].

Authors:
Hong Li Cheng Jiang

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2020 Feb;33(2):158-65

Department of Orthopaedics, the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, Sichuan, China.

Objective: To explore the influencing factors of the operative effect on cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation.

Methods: The clinical data of 69 patients with cervical spinal cord injury without fracture or dislocation from November 2010 to November 2016 who received operation were retrospectively analyzed. There were 37 males and 32 females, aged from 32 to76 years with an average of (51. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.12200/j.issn.1003-0034.2020.02.014DOI Listing
February 2020

Nasogastric tube in anterior cervical spine surgery, is it necessary?

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2019 Oct-Dec;10(4):199-202. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Mumbai Spine Scoliosis and Disc Replacement Centre, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: The aim of this article was to verify the utility of nasogastric (NG) tube in primary anterior cervical surgeries. Palpating and identifying the NG tube introduced during induction is one of the ways of preventing esophageal injuries during surgery. It may also be used as a conduit for postoperative feeding. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_83_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008665PMC
January 2020

Surgical management and long-term outcome of dogs with cervical spondylomyelopathy with an anchored intervertebral titanium device.

Aust Vet J 2020 Apr 9;98(4):156-163. Epub 2020 Feb 9.

Veterinary Specialist Services - Small Animal Surgery Department, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: To assess the short- and long-term outcome of an anchored intervertebral titanium device (C-LOX) for the treatment of 10 dogs with disc-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (DACSM) and 1 dog with osseous-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy.

Design: Retrospective case series.

Methods: Dogs were included if they were diagnosed with either DACSM or osseous-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy via myelography with or without advanced imaging and underwent surgical distraction and stabilisation of the affected intervertebral disc with a C-LOX implant. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12910DOI Listing

Comparison of Two Intervertebral Disc Failure Models in a Numerical C4-C5 Trauma Model

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2019 07;2019:5415-5418

The intervertebral disc (IVD) is essential for the mobility and stability of the spine. During flexion-distraction injuries, which are frequent at the cervical spine level, the IVD is often disrupted. Finite element studies have been done to investigate injury mechanisms and patterns at the cervical spine. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2019.8857095DOI Listing

A Comparison of Cervical and Thoracolumbar Fractures Associated with Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis-A Nationwide Multicenter Study.

J Clin Med 2020 Jan 12;9(1). Epub 2020 Jan 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Surgical Science, Tokai University School of Medicine, 259-1193 Kanagawa, Japan.

In diffuse idiopathic hyperostosis (DISH), the ankylosed spine becomes susceptible to spinal fractures and spinal cord injuries due to the long lever arms of the fractured segments that make the fracture extremely unstable. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to examine the differences in DISH-affected spine fractures according to fracture level. The data of 285 cases with fractures of DISH-ankylosed segments diagnosed through computed tomography (CT) imaging were studied and the characteristics of 84 cases with cervical fractures were compared to 201 cases with thoracolumbar fractures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9010208DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7019396PMC
January 2020

Irreversible Hypoglossal Nerve Injury and Concomitant Trigeminal System Dysfunction After Anterior Surgery to the Cervical Spine: Case Report and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2020 Apr 9;136:187-192. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Seoul, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: The anterior surgical approach to the cervical spine is known to be safe, and damage to the hypoglossal nerve and trigeminal pathway after the surgery is uncommon. However, once damage to those nerves occurs, the patient's quality of life can be severely impaired by discomfort and disability.

Case Description: We report the case of a 59-year-old male with concomitant and irreversible hypoglossal nerve and trigeminal system dysfunction after cervical spine surgery by the anterior approach confirmed by an electrodiagnostic study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.12.094DOI Listing

Treatment of Spinal Myoclonus Due to Degenerative Compression Myelopathy with Cervical Spinal Cord Stimulation: A Report of 2 Cases.

World Neurosurg 2020 Apr 7;136:44-48. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Abteilung Wirbelsäulenchirurgie, Leopoldina Krankenhaus der Stadt Schweinfurt GmbH, Schweinfurt, Germany.

Background: Spinal myoclonus (SM) is a rare hyperkinetic movement disorder that is either idiopathic or secondary to spinal cord lesions. The treatment is either symptomatic only or addresses the underlying etiology. We describe 2 patients with SM with compression myelopathy who were treated with spinal cord stimulation (SCS). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.12.170DOI Listing

Agreement of surgeon's perception of the effectiveness of spinal cord decompression with findings on postoperative magnetic resonance imaging for dogs surgically treated for intervertebral disk extrusion.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2020 01;256(2):210-219

Objective: To determine the accuracy of the surgeon's perception versus postoperative MRI findings in assessing the effectiveness of spinal cord decompression achieved in dogs surgically treated for intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE) and whether postoperative MRI findings were more likely to be associated with various outcomes.

Animals: 68 dogs surgically treated for cervical or thoracolumbar IVDE.

Procedures: Data on clinical, neurologic, pre- and postoperative MRI, and intraoperative findings as well as outcomes and recovery times (6-month follow-up period) were prospectively collected and compared between various groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.256.2.210DOI Listing
January 2020

Correlation Between Different Interbody Grafts and Pseudarthrosis After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Compared with Control Group: Systematic Review.

World Neurosurg 2020 Feb 24;134:272-279. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.

Background: Cervical spine degenerative disease is one of the main causes of myelopathy. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is the most common surgical procedure used to treat cervical myelopathy. Therefore, it is important to study pseudarthrosis rates after ACDF and correlate them with the graft used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.10.100DOI Listing
February 2020

Prognosis of Hardware-Related Problems in Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Cage and Plate Constructs.

World Neurosurg 2020 Feb 16;134:e249-e255. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea.

Objective: To analyze hardware-related problems and their prognoses after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using cages and plates for degenerative and traumatic cervical disc diseases.

Methods: The study included 808 patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for degenerative and traumatic disc diseases with >1 year of follow-up. We investigated time of onset and progression of problems associated with instrumentation and cage usage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.10.042DOI Listing
February 2020

Treatment outcome of supervised exercise, home exercise and bite splint therapy, respectively, in patients with symptomatic disc displacement with reduction: A randomised clinical trial.

J Oral Rehabil 2020 Feb 30;47(2):143-149. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Clinical Oral Physiology, Västerbotten County Council, Umeå, Sweden.

The best treatment strategy for disturbing temporomandibular clicking sounds is not known. The aim was to evaluate the effect of exercise and bite splint therapy, respectively, in patients with symptomatic disc displacement with reduction. The study was a randomised clinical trial of subjects with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) clicking sounds with a reported severity/intensity of ≥4 on a numerical rating scale (0-10) and signs fulfilling the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC/TMD) for disc displacement with reduction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12888DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7003750PMC
February 2020
1 Read

Cervical Myelopathy without Symptoms in the Upper Extremities: Incidence and Presenting Characteristics.

World Neurosurg 2019 Dec 9;132:e162-e168. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Department of Surgery, Florida Atlantic University Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.

Background: Common signs and symptoms of cervical myelopathy (CM) predominantly manifest in the upper extremities and include hand numbness, hand clumsiness, and distal upper extremity weakness. CM manifesting without symptoms in the upper extremities is rare. This study aimed to better understand the incidence and character of such cases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.08.231DOI Listing
December 2019
3 Reads

Cervical Disc and Ligamentous Injury in Hyperextension Trauma: MRI and Intraoperative Correlation.

J Neuroimaging 2020 01 9;30(1):104-109. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Department of Trauma Surgery and Sports Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background And Purpose: To identify and evaluate diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features in patients with suspicion of discoligamentous cervical injury after hyperextension trauma of the cervical spine.

Methods: MR images with a standard protocol (1.5 T, including sagittal T2-weighted images and short tau inversion recovery [STIR]) in 21 patients without any sign of fracture or instability on multidetector computed tomography of the cervical spine were assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jon.12663
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7003840PMC
January 2020
3 Reads

Subaxial Cervical Spine Injuries: Outcomes after Anterior Corpectomy and Instrumentation.

Asian J Neurosurg 2019 Jul-Sep;14(3):843-847

Department of Orthopaedics, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachel Pardesh, India.

Study Design: This is prospective study.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the functional, neurological, and radiological outcomes of the patients of subaxial cervical spine injuries treated by anterior corpectomy and stabilization with anterior cervical locking plate and cage filled with bone.

Overview Of The Literature: The principles in the treatment of unstable cervical spine injuries are reduction and stabilization of the injured segment, maintenance of cervical lordosis and decompression where indicated and ranges from nonoperative to combined anterior and posterior surgical fusion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_331_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6702992PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging characterization of cervical spondylomyelopathy in juvenile dogs.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Sep 30;33(5):2160-2166. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, 601 Vernon Tharp St., Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM) occurs because of compression of the cervical spinal cord, nerve roots, or both, usually affecting young adult to older large and giant breed dogs. Juvenile dogs are affected infrequently.

Objective: To describe clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in juvenile dogs (≤ 12 months) with cervical spondylomyelopathy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6766523PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Horner Syndrome After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: Case Series and Systematic Review.

World Neurosurg 2020 Jan 26;133:e68-e75. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Horner syndrome is an infrequently seen complication of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Multicenter studies have reported a very low incidence, less than 0.1%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.08.101DOI Listing
January 2020

Percutaneous Full-Endoscopic Anterior Transcorporeal Diskectomy for Massive Migrated Cervical Disk Herniation Treatment: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Dec 20;132:47-52. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Department of Spine Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Huichuan District, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province, China.

Background: With the continuous advancement of the spinal endoscopic technique in recent years, full-endoscopic operations provide a new approach for the treatment of migrated cervical disk herniation.

Case Description: A 42-year-old man presented with nuchal pain and limb numbness for 2 months, with recently developed symptoms of unstable walking. Physical examination revealed a diminished skin sensitivity to pain and temperature, beginning at the C4 dermatome. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.08.054DOI Listing
December 2019
2 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

Association between cervical degeneration and self-perceived nonrecovery after whiplash injury.

Spine J 2019 12 5;19(12):1986-1994. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, SE-118 83, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background Context: Pre-existing radiological degenerative changes have not previously been considered a risk factor for nonrecovery from neck pain due to motor vehicle accidents (MVA). Results from previous studies are however often based on assessment of plain radiography or MRI and little consideration has been given to facet joints. Furthermore, previous studies have often lacked a validated scoring system for degenerative changes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15299430193089
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2019.07.017DOI Listing
December 2019
2 Reads

[Surgical treatment of atypical unstable Hangman fracture in elderly osteoporotic patients].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2019 Jul;32(7):641-646

Department of Orthopaedics, People's Hospital of Kaizhou, Chongqing 405400, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical effect of operative reduction and internal fixation in treating atypical unstable Hangman fracture in elderly osteoporotic patients.

Methods: The clinical data of 9 elderly osteoporotic patients with atypical unstable Hangman fracture treated from December 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 4 females with an average age of 72. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2019.07.011DOI Listing
July 2019
11 Reads

Management and prognosis of acute traumatic cervical central cord syndrome: systematic review and Spinal Cord Society-Spine Trauma Study Group position statement.

Eur Spine J 2019 Oct 31;28(10):2390-2407. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Department of Orthopedics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Purpose: Spinal Cord Society (SCS) and Spine Trauma Study Group (STSG) established a panel tasked with reviewing management and prognosis of acute traumatic cervical central cord syndrome (ATCCS) and recommend a consensus statement for its management.

Methods: A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA 2009 guidelines. Delphi method was used to identify key research questions and achieve consensus. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-019-06085-zDOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

MRI evidence of brain atrophy, white matter damage, and functional adaptive changes in patients with cervical spondylosis and prolonged spinal cord compression.

Eur Radiol 2020 Jan 26;30(1):357-369. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Instituto de Bioingeniería, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Elche, Spain.

Objectives: To investigate the effect of cervical spondylosis (CS) in the brain with a combination of advanced neuroimaging techniques.

Methods: Twenty-seven patients with CS and 24 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were studied. Disease severity was quantified using the Modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scoring System (mJOHA). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-019-06352-zDOI Listing
January 2020
3 Reads

Spinal injury in alpine winter sports: a review.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019 Jul 19;27(1):69. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Surgery, Inselspital University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse, 3010, Bern, Switzerland.

Introduction: Alpine winter sports have become increasingly popular over recent decades, with a similar increase in accident incidence. This review provides an overview of the most recent literature concerning spinal injury epidemiology, mechanisms, patterns and prevention strategies in the context of alpine winter sports.

Material And Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases were searched using the keywords spine injury, alpine injury, spine fracture, skiing injuries, snowboard injuries. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13049-019-0645-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6642543PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Controversies in the Management of Cervical Spine Conditions in Elite Athletes.

Orthopedics 2019 Jul;42(4):e370-e375

Cervical spine injuries in elite athletes can have detrimental consequences, which makes return to play for professional athletes after cervical spine injury controversial. Although most athletes can return to sport under some circumstances, such as single-level anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion for cervical disk herniation, return to play after cervical disk arthroplasty and multilevel fusion for cervical disk herniation remains controversial. Allowing athletes to return to play after a finding of cervical stenosis and in the incidence of pseudarthrosis remains unclear. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20190624-05DOI Listing

Spinal Cord Injury Due to Cervical Disc Herniation without Bony Involvement Caused by Wrestling - A Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2019 Jan-Feb;9(1):19-22

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Grand-Yoff General Hospital, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.

Introduction: Many cases of cervical spinal disc herniation caused by sporting injury have been reported. Those cases generally accompanied high-energy trauma such as fractures and/or dislocations. The purpose is to present the case of spinal cord injury (SCI) due to cervical disc herniation without bony involvement caused by wrestling. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.13107/jocr.2250-0685.1290DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6588150PMC
June 2019
6 Reads

Sex-related differences in symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and structural changes in the lateral pterygoid muscle after whiplash injury.

J Oral Rehabil 2019 Dec 15;46(12):1107-1120. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Whiplash injury is an initiating or aggravating factor of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Although there are sex-related differences in the mechanism of pain perception and pain control, there is a lack of research on differences in TMD after whiplash injury. We aimed to evaluate sex-related differences in the clinical symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of patients with TMD attributed to whiplash injury. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12845DOI Listing
December 2019
7 Reads

Three-Dimensional, High-Definition Exoscopic Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Valid Alternative to Microscope-Assisted Surgery.

World Neurosurg 2019 Oct 14;130:e244-e250. Epub 2019 Jun 14.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Catania, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) remains one of the most commonly taught procedures during residency and one of the most frequently performed by neurosurgeons. Neurosurgeons use microscopes to perform surgery and to train other surgeons. Although the microscope provides excellent illumination and magnification, its use will be limited to 2 people: the surgeon and the assistant. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.06.049DOI Listing
October 2019
6 Reads

Displaced cervical spine hardware and esophageal perforation during labor.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2019 11 8;40:163-164. Epub 2019 May 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, USA. Electronic address:

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijoa.2019.04.010DOI Listing
November 2019

AOSpine-Spine Trauma Classification System: The Value of Modifiers: A Narrative Review With Commentary on Evolving Descriptive Principles.

Global Spine J 2019 May 8;9(1 Suppl):77S-88S. Epub 2019 May 8.

Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Study Design: Narrative review.

Objectives: To describe the current AOSpine Trauma Classification system for spinal trauma and highlight the value of patient-specific modifiers for facilitating communication and nuances in treatment.

Methods: The classification for spine trauma previously developed by The AOSpine Knowledge Forum is reviewed and the importance of case modifiers in this system is discussed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2192568219827260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6512201PMC
May 2019
4 Reads

Rear-impact neck whiplash: Role of head inertial properties and spine morphological variations on segmental rotations.

J Biomech Eng 2019 May 4. Epub 2019 May 4.

ASME Fellow, Center for NeuroTrauma Research, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, USA.

Whiplash injuries continue to be a concern in low-speed rear impact. This study was designed to investigate the role of variations in spine morphology and head inertia properties on cervical spine segmental rotation in rear-impact whiplash loading. Vertebral morphology is rarely considered as an input parameter in spine finite element models. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4043666DOI Listing
May 2019
7 Reads

Microscope-Based Augmented Reality in Degenerative Spine Surgery: Initial Experience.

World Neurosurg 2019 Aug 30;128:e541-e551. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Marburg, Marburg, Germany; Marburg Center for Mind, Brain and Behavior (MCMBB), Marburg, Germany.

Objective: To establish microscope-based augmented reality (AR) support for degenerative spine surgery.

Methods: Head-up displays of operating microscopes were used to establish AR in a series of 10 patients. Segmentation of the vertebra and additional target structures, which were visualized by AR, was based on preoperative magnetic resonance and computed tomography (CT) images, that were nonrigidly fused to low-dose intraoperative CT (iCT) data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.04.192DOI Listing
August 2019
12 Reads

Hangman's fracture: Management strategy and healing rate in a prospective multi-centre observational study of 34 patients.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2019 06 17;105(4):703-707. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Société Française de Chirurgie Rachidienne, 56, rue Boisonnade, 75014 Paris, France.

Background: Hangman's fractures account for 15% to 20% of all cervical spine fractures. The grading system developed by Effendi and modified by Levine and Edwards is generally used as the basis for management decisions. Nonetheless, the optimal management remains controversial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otsr.2019.03.009DOI Listing
June 2019
9 Reads

Spectrum of diagnostic errors in cervical spine trauma imaging and their clinical significance.

Emerg Radiol 2019 Aug 31;26(4):409-416. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Purpose: To describe and categorize diagnostic errors in cervical spine CT (CsCT) interpretation performed for trauma and to assess their clinical significance.

Methods: All CsCTs performed for trauma with diagnostic errors that came to our attention based on clinical or imaging follow-up or quality assurance peer review from 2004 to 2017 were included. The number of CsCTs performed at our institution during the same time interval was calculated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-019-01685-0DOI Listing
August 2019
17 Reads

A Comparative in vivo Study of Semi-constrained and Unconstrained Cervical Artificial Disc Prostheses.

Mil Med 2019 03;184(Suppl 1):637-643

Center for Neuro-Trauma Research, Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 W Wisconsin Ave, Milwaukee, WI.

Purpose: The objective of this study is to directly compare different types of cervical artificial disc implants using an in vivo model capable of simulating the axial load on a neck that is similar to the human neck.

Methods: Cervical arthroplasty was performed at C3-4 in 14 healthy female adult Alpine goats. The goats were divided into three groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy395DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Early surgical intervention may facilitate recovery of cervical spinal cord injury in DISH.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 Jan-Apr;27(1):2309499019834783

3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Hokkaido, Japan.

Study Design: A retrospective study of consecutive surgically managed cases of cervical spinal fractures and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) at our hospital from October 2006 to April 2016.

Summary Of Background Data: Prognostic factors have not been determined for cervical fractures in DISH.

Objectives: To assess demographics, surgical techniques, and complications in cervical spinal cord injury with DISH and to evaluate factors affecting neurological prognosis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019834783DOI Listing
March 2020
6 Reads

Long-term computed tomography follow-up in great Danes with or without signs of osseous- associated cervical Spondylomyelopathy.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Mar 12;15(1):90. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, 601 Vernon L. Tharp St, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Osseous- associated cervical spondylomyelopathy (OA-CSM) has a high prevalence in Great Danes. In order to understand the progression of osseous changes, we aimed to perform a long-term computed tomographic (CT) follow-up study of Great Dane dogs with and without OA-CSM. Canine CSM is comparable to a common neurologic disease often diagnosed in older people termed cervical spondylotic myelopathy or degenerative cervical myelopathy, which is progressive in nature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-1835-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416867PMC
March 2019
9 Reads

The effect of intramedullary signal intensity in MRI on the therapeutic efficacy of posterior cervical decompression laminectomy with internal fixation and fusion for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy : a retrospective cohort study.

Acta Orthop Belg 2018 Sep;84(3):366-373

We aimed to investigate the effect of intramedullary signal intensity in MRI on the therapeutic efficacy of posterior cervical decompression laminectomy with fixation for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Fifty-six patients were retrospectively analyzed in two experimental groups: signal (-) group (n=41) and signal (+) group (n=15). JOA scores, Borden values, Cobb angles, disc space heights, and adjacent disc space heights of the cervical spine were measured to evaluate the neurological functional recovery rate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2018
5 Reads