9,078 results match your criteria Cervical Cancer* Obstetrics and Gynecology

Randomized multicenter phase II trial of prophylactic irradiation of para-aortic lymph nodes in advanced cervical cancer according to tumor hypoxia: Korean Radiation Oncology Group (KROG 07-01) study.

Int J Cancer 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, South Korea.

We conducted a prospective phase II study on whether extended-field irradiation (EFI) confers survival benefits depending on hypoxic markers in locally advanced uterine cervical cancer (LAUCC). RNA-seq was performed to identify immune and hypoxic gene signatures. A total of 288 patients were randomized to either EFI or pelvic radiotherapy (PRT). Read More

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Allergy testing for Cremophor in a patient with cervical cancer with infusion reactions to paclitaxel and docetaxel.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 24;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nippon Medical School Hospital, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

A woman in her 30s with cervical cancer underwent postoperative chemotherapy and showed allergic reactions to multiple taxanes. As the patient had infusion reactions to both paclitaxel and docetaxel, a prick test with Cremophor was conducted. In the absence of an allergic reaction to etoposide, we determined that the patient was allergic to pure taxane compounds. Read More

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Conventional Laparoscopy versus Robotic-Assisted Aortic Lymph-Nodal Staging for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 10;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Unit of Gynecologic Oncology, ARNAS "Civico-Di Cristina-Benfratelli", 90127 Palermo, Italy.

Aortic lymph node metastases are a relative common finding in locally advanced cervical cancer. Minimally invasive surgery is the preferred approach to perform para-aortic lymph nodal staging to reduce complications, hospital stay, and the time to primary treatment. This meta-analysis (CRD42022335095) aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of the two most advanced approaches for the aortic staging procedure: conventional laparoscopy (CL) versus robotic-assisted laparoscopy (RAL). Read More

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The Impact of SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic on Patients Undergoing Radiation Therapy for Advanced Cervical Cancer at a Romanian Academic Center: A Four-Year Retrospective Analysis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, 300041 Timisoara, Romania.

: Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, health systems worldwide adapted to support COVID-19 patients while continuing to provide assistance to patients with other potentially fatal illnesses. While patients with cancer may be at an elevated risk of severe COVID-19-related complications, their oncologic therapies generally cannot be postponed indefinitely without a negative effect on outcomes. Taking this into account, a thorough examination of the therapy management of various cancers is necessary, such as cervical cancer. Read More

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Our Experience in Using the Endovascular Therapy in the Management of Hemorrhages in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 10;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Emergency Hospital Bucharest, 050098 Bucharest, Romania.

(1) Background: A quarter of maternal deaths are caused by post-partum hemorrhage; hence obstetric bleeding is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among women. Pelvic artery embolization (PAE) represents a minimally invasive interventional procedure which plays an important role in conservative management of significant bleeding in Obstetrics and Gynecology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect and the complications of PAE in patients with significant vaginal bleeding with different obstetrical and gynecological pathologies. Read More

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Validation of a Patient-Derived Xenograft Model for Cervical Cancer Based on Genomic and Phenotypic Characterization.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Educational Foundation of Osaka Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2-7, Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki 569-8686, Osaka, Japan.

Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models are useful tools for preclinical drug evaluation, biomarker identification, and personalized medicine strategies, and can be developed by the heterotopic or orthotopic grafting of surgically resected tumors into immunodeficient mice. We report the PDX models of cervical cancer and demonstrate the similarities among original and different generations of PDX tumors. Fresh tumor tissues collected from 22 patients with primary cervical cancer were engrafted subcutaneously into NOD. Read More

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Using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to Inform the Design of the Mobile Inspección Visual con Ácido Acético System: Mixed Methods Case Study.

JMIR Form Res 2022 Jun 23;6(6):e32577. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, United States.

Background: There is growing evidence supporting the use of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in low- and middle-income countries to address resource limitations in the delivery of health information and services to vulnerable populations. In parallel, there is an increasing emphasis on the use of implementation science tools and frameworks for the early identification of implementation barriers and to improve the acceptability, appropriateness, and adoption of mHealth interventions in resource-limited settings. However, there are limited examples of the application of implementation science tools and frameworks to the formative phase of mHealth design for resource-limited settings despite the potential benefits of this work for enhancing subsequent implementation, scale-up, and sustainability. Read More

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HIV status, knowledge and prevention of cervical cancer amongst adolescent girls and women: a secondary data analysis.

Pan Afr Med J 2022 31;41:262. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Columbia University, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Introduction: the objective of this manuscript was to describe the knowledge profiles and determinants of cervical cancer screening among HIV positive and negative adolescent girls and women in Zimbabwe.

Methods: we conducted secondary statistical data analysis to explore the determinants of cervical cancer screening among HIV positive and negative adolescent girls and women using Zimbabwe Demographic Health survey for 2015-16.

Results: a total of 9054 adolescent girls aged 15-19, and women aged 20-49 were included in the analysis and the majority (63%) of them resided in rural areas. Read More

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A Clinical Decision Support System for Assessing the Risk of Cervical Cancer: Development and Evaluation Study.

JMIR Med Inform 2022 Jun 22;10(6):e34753. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Cervical cancer has been recognized as a preventable type of cancer. As the assessment of all the risk factors of a disease is challenging for physicians, information technology and risk assessment models have been used to estimate the degree of risk.

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a clinical decision support system to assess the risk of cervical cancer. Read More

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Effectiveness of HPV vaccine against cervical precancer in Japan: multivariate analyses adjusted for sexual activity.

Cancer Sci 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.

Japanese girls aged 12-16 years are offered free HPV vaccination and cervical cancer screening is conducted with cytology and not HPV testing from the age of 20 years. So far, no study has analyzed the effect of HPV vaccination against cervical precancers considering HPV infection status and sexual activity. We aimed to analyze the vaccine effectiveness (VE) against HPV infection and cytological abnormalities, adjusted for sexual activity. Read More

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Blocking TIGIT/CD155 signalling reverses CD8 T cell exhaustion and enhances the antitumor activity in cervical cancer.

J Transl Med 2022 Jun 21;20(1):280. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qilu Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Address: No.107, west culture road, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Objective: TIGIT/CD155 has attracted widespread attention as a new immune checkpoint and a potential target for cancer immunotherapy. In our study, we evaluated the role of TIGIT/CD155 checkpoints in the progression of cervical cancer.

Methods: The expression of CD155 and TIGIT in cervical cancer tissues was detected using flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and gene expression profiling. Read More

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Blood group antigens SLeX, SLeA, and LeY as prognostic markers in endometrial cancer.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynecological cancer worldwide. Treatment has been improved in recent years, but, in advanced stages, therapeutical options are still limited. It has been reported that the expression of the blood group antigens Sialyl Lewis X (SLeX), Sialyl Lewis A (SLeA) and Lewis Y (LeY) is associated with prognosis in several tumors. Read More

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High-risk human papillomavirus infection in pregnant women: a descriptive analysis of cohorts from two centers.

J Investig Med 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

The aim was to descriptively analyze the clinical characteristics, cytopathology, and outcomes of pregnant patients with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Clinical data of 151,516 female patients with high-risk HPV infection were retrospectively collected. Baseline data, cervical cytology results, histopathology, HPV types, delivery mode, and follow-up outcomes were recorded for descriptive analysis. Read More

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Predictive Value of the Hemoglobin-Albumin-Lymphocyte-Platelet (HALP) Index on the Oncological Outcomes of Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer Patients.

Cancer Manag Res 2022 14;14:1961-1972. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, 90110, Thailand.

Purpose: The oncological outcomes of locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients after treatment are poor and heterogeneous. This study aimed to determine the role of the hemoglobin-albumin-lymphocyte-platelet (HALP) inflammatory index in predicting oncological outcomes in LACC patients.

Patients And Methods: A total of 1588 LACC patients who received radiation therapy or concurrent chemoradiation were divided into training and test sets. Read More

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Surgical technique and surgeon volume: the pursuit of data-driven outcomes.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Gynecology, Gynecologic Oncology, Clinica ASTORGA, Medellin, and Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Medellin, Colombia.

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Profiling and integrated analysis of differentially expressed circRNAs in cervical cancer.

Genomics 2022 Jun 17:110418. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 510080 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a new type of regulatory RNAs, which have been identified to play critical role in various tumors. However, the profiles and roles of circRNAs in cervical cancer (CCa) have not been fully understood and need to be further explored. In the present study, we performed circRNA array and mRNA-sequencing (mRNA-Seq) to profile the differentially expressed circRNAs and mRNAs in CCa tissues. Read More

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Body Weight Is a Valid Predictor of the Long-Term Prognosis of Cervical Cancer.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 8;2022:5613350. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, China.

Objective: To identify and validate effective clinical predictors for the long-term prognosis of patients with cervical cancer.

Methods: Cervical cancer patients were retrieved from the TCGA database, and patients' clinical data were collected and analyzed for the predictive value of long-term prognosis. In the other branch of the study, patients with cervical cancer and admitted to our hospital between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2016, were retrieved and followed up for prognosis analysis. Read More

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HPV self-sampling with mRNA testing benefits routine screening.

Int J Cancer 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Pathology, Helsinki University Hospital Diagnostic Center and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

High risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) based screening provides the possibility of vaginal self-sampling as a tool to increase screening attendance. In order to evaluate the impact and feasibility of opt-in self-sampling in the Finnish setting, we invited a randomized population of 5,350 women not attending screening after age group invitation or after reminder, to attend HPV self-sampling-based screening in the autumn of 2018 in Helsinki. Out of those, 1,282 (24. Read More

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Circ_0060551 promotes the migration and invasion of cervical cancer by Up-regulating TPD52.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Changchun Obstetrics- Gynecology Hospital, No. 555 West Fifth Road, Nanguan District, Changchun, Jilin, 130042, China.

Problem: Cervical cancer has been recognized as the second most common cancer in women worldwide. Previous studies have reported that some circular RNAs (circRNAs) can influence the progression of cervical cancer. However, more researches are still required to unveil the underlying mechanism of how circRNAs regulate the progression of such cancer. Read More

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What MRI-based tumor size measurement is best for predicting long-term survival in uterine cervical cancer?

Insights Imaging 2022 Jun 17;13(1):105. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Radiology, Mohn Medical Imaging and Visualization Centre, Haukeland University Hospital, Jonas Lies vei 65, 5021, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Tumor size assessment by MRI is central for staging uterine cervical cancer. However, the optimal role of MRI-derived tumor measurements for prognostication is still unclear.

Material And Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 416 women (median age: 43 years) diagnosed with cervical cancer during 2002-2017 who underwent pretreatment pelvic MRI. Read More

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Comprehensive analysis of novel prognosis-related proteomic signature effectively improve risk stratification and precision treatment for patients with cervical cancer.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, No. 1677 Wutaishan Road, Qingdao, 266000, China.

Objective: Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common types of malignant female cancer, and its incidence and mortality are not optimistic. Protein panels can be a powerful prognostic factor for many types of cancer. The purpose of our study was to investigate a proteomic panel to predict the survival of patients with common CC. Read More

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Efficacy of edoxaban for the treatment of gynecological cancer-associated venous thromboembolism: analysis of Japanese real-world data.

J Gynecol Oncol 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are increasingly being used for the treatment of cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (CAT). However, there is limited evidence of the efficacy of DOACs for the treatment of gynecological CAT. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of edoxaban for the treatment of gynecological CAT using Japanese real-world data. Read More

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Development of a prognostic prediction support system for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia using artificial intelligence-based diagnosis.

J Gynecol Oncol 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Statistical Genetics Team, RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: Human papillomavirus subtypes are predictive indicators of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) progression. While colposcopy is also an essential part of cervical cancer prevention, its accuracy and reproducibility are limited because of subjective evaluation. This study aimed to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm that can accurately detect the optimal lesion associated with prognosis using colposcopic images of CIN2 patients by utilizing objective AI diagnosis. Read More

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Erratum: Effects of Galectin-1 on Biological Behavior in Cervical Cancer: Erratum.

J Cancer 2022 25;13(8):2415-2417. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, 325027, China.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7150/jca.38538. Read More

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Accuracy and effectiveness of HPV mRNA testing in cervical cancer screening: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Lancet Oncol 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Background: Cervical cancer screening tests that identify DNA of the main causal agent, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types, are more protective than cervical cytology. We systematically reviewed the literature to assess whether tests targeting high-risk HPV (hrHPV) mRNA are as accurate and effective as HPV DNA-based screening tests.

Methods: We did a systematic review to assess the cross-sectional clinical accuracy to detect cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) or 3 or worse (CIN3+) of hrHPV mRNA versus DNA testing in primary cervical cancer screening; the longitudinal clinical performance of cervical cancer screening using hrHPV mRNA versus DNA assays; and the clinical accuracy of hrHPV mRNA testing on self-collected versus clinician-collected samples. Read More

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Correlation between nm23-H_1 expression and transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound performance after radiotherapy for cervical cancer.

Transl Cancer Res 2022 May;11(5):1354-1361

Department of Ultrasound, The People's Hospital of Zhaoyuan City, Zhaoyuan, China.

Background: This study aimed to explore the correlation between nm23-H_1 gene expression and transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound performance following radiotherapy (RT) for cervical cancer.

Methods: Eighty patients with cervical cancer treated surgically after RT were retrospectively included in this study. Another 60 normal cervical tissue specimens from the pathology department and 30 cervical cancer tissues that did not undergo preoperative RT were included as control samples. Read More

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Risk assessment in the patients with uterine cervical cancer harboring intermediate risk factors after radical hysterectomy: a multicenter, retrospective analysis by the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group.

Int J Clin Oncol 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokai University, 143, Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Adjuvant therapy is usually considered for surgically treated patients with uterine cervical cancer harboring intermediate risk (IR) factors such as large tumor diameter, stromal invasion to the outer half, and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI). However, the indications and types of adjuvant therapy for the IR group remain controversial. This study aimed to analyze the differences in patient outcomes in the IR group to provide novel insights for tailoring adjuvant therapy. Read More

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Development and validation of a prognostic prediction model including the minor lymphatic pathway for distant metastases in cervical cancer patients.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 14;12(1):9873. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Wanglang Road, Bangkok Noi, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand.

To develop and validate a prognostic model, including the minor lymphatic pathway (internal iliac and presacral nodes).

Study Design: Retrospective cohort.

Participants: Locally advanced cervical cancer underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Read More

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Ten-year experience of a national multidisciplinary tumour board for cancer and pregnancy in the Netherlands.

Eur J Cancer 2022 Jun 10;171:13-21. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Gynecology, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek - Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Center for Gynecological Oncology Amsterdam (CGOA), Antoni van Leeuwenhoek - Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Most physicians encounter pregnant women with cancer incidentally, leading to a lack of expertise or confidence to inform and treat these patients based on the most recent guidelines and expert opinions. In the Netherlands, a national multidisciplinary tumour board for cancer, infertility and pregnancy (CIP-MDT) was founded in December 2012, including 35 specialists from a variety of disciplines. This study evaluates the frequency of consultation of the CIP-MDT, the types of questions asked and the satisfaction of consulting physicians with its existence. Read More

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An Exploratory Study of Neoadjuvant Cetuximab Followed by Cetuximab and Chemoradiotherapy in Women With Newly Diagnosed Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer.

Am J Clin Oncol 2022 07 7;45(7):286-293. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine.

Objectives: This study explored the feasibility of cetuximab with chemoradiation in women with cervical carcinoma and evaluated fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) to assess early response to cetuximab (NCT00292955).

Patients And Methods: Eligible patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB-IVB invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix were treated on 1 of 3 dose levels (DL). DL1 consisted of neoadjuvant cetuximab, then concurrent radiotherapy with cetuximab 250 mg/m2/cisplatin 40 mg/m2, followed by weekly cetuximab. Read More

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