8,173 results match your criteria Cervical Cancer* Obstetrics and Gynecology


The p16/ki-67 assay is a safe, effective and rapid approach to triage women with mild cervical lesions.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0253045. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Alexandra" Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of p16/ki-67 dual stain in the identification of CIN2+ lesions, in Greek women with ASCUS or LSIL cytology.

Methods: A total of 200 women, 20 to 60 years old, were enrolled in the study. All samples were cytologically evaluated and performed for p16/ki-67 and high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) test. Read More

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Augmented Package of Palliative Care for Women With Cervical Cancer: Responding to Refractory Suffering.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:886-895

Department of Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

The essential package of palliative care for cervical cancer (EPPCCC), described elsewhere, is designed to be safe and effective for preventing and relieving most suffering associated with cervical cancer and universally accessible. However, it appears that women with cervical cancer, more frequently than patients with other cancers, experience various types of suffering that are refractory to basic palliative care such as what can be provided with the EPPCCC. In particular, relief of refractory pain, vomiting because of bowel obstruction, bleeding, and psychosocial suffering may require additional expertise, medicines, or equipment. Read More

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Essential Package of Palliative Care for Women With Cervical Cancer: Responding to the Suffering of a Highly Vulnerable Population.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:873-885

Department of Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Women with cervical cancer, especially those with advanced disease, appear to experience suffering that is more prevalent, complex, and severe than that caused by other cancers and serious illnesses, and approximately 85% live in low- and middle-income countries where palliative care is rarely accessible. To respond to the highly prevalent and extreme suffering in this vulnerable population, we convened a group of experienced experts in all aspects of care for women with cervical cancer, and from countries of all income levels, to create an essential package of palliative care for cervical cancer (EPPCCC). The EPPCCC consists of a set of interventions, medicines, simple equipment, social supports, and human resources, and is designed to be safe and effective for preventing and relieving all types of suffering associated with cervical cancer. Read More

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Cervical Cancer-Associated Suffering: Estimating the Palliative Care Needs of a Highly Vulnerable Population.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:862-872

Department of Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Purpose: To enable design of optimum palliative care for women with cervical cancer, we studied the most common types of suffering and their severity, prevalence, and duration.

Methods: We first reviewed the literature on the major types, severity, prevalence, and duration of suffering associated with cervical cancer. We then conducted a modified Delphi process with experts in cervical cancer care to supplement the literature. Read More

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Body composition and risk of major gynecologic malignancies: Results from the UK Biobank prospective cohort.

Cancer Med 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Endocrinology, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, China.

Objective: To evaluate the association between body composition and subsequent risk of the major gynecologic malignancies.

Methods: This is a prospective analysis of participants from the UK Biobank. We measured baseline body composition and confirmed cancer diagnosis through linkage to cancer and death registries. Read More

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Laterally Extended Endopelvic Resection Versus Chemo or Targeted Therapy Alone for Pelvic Sidewall Recurrence of Cervical Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:683441. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Laterally extended endopelvic resection (LEER) has been introduced for treatment of pelvic sidewall recurrence of cervical cancer (PSRCC), which occurs in only 8% of patients with relapsed cervical cancer. LEER can only be performed by a proficient surgeon due to the high risk of surgical morbidity and mortality, but there is no evidence as to whether LEER is may be more effective than chemo or targeted therapy alone for PSRCC. Thus, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between LEER and chemo or targeted therapy alone for treatment of PSRCC. Read More

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Non-homologous dsODN increases the mutagenic effects of CRISPR-Cas9 to disrupt oncogene E7 in HPV positive cells.

Cancer Gene Ther 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Genome editing tools targeting high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) oncogene could be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of HPV-related cervical cancer. We aimed to improve the editing efficiency and detect off-target effects concurrently for the clinical translation strategy by using CRISPR-Cas9 system co-transfected with 34nt non-homologous double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotide (dsODN). We firstly tested this strategy on targeting the Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) gene, of which the expression is easily observed. Read More

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Prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus infection among Kazakhstani women attending gynecological outpatient clinics.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, Nazarbayev University, 010000, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study was to conduct a nationwide high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection genotyping analysis of women attending gynecological clinics. In addition, this study aimed to identify factors that are associated with HR-HPV infection.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey-based study with 759 participants. Read More

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The difficulty to diagnose cervical cancer developing in the perinatal period with the first-trimester cytology: A retrospective study.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Aim: Cytological cervical cancer screening for pregnant women is routinely performed and still plays an essential role in Japan because of the considerably low rate of human pappillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. Though almost all pregnant women undergo cytological screening at their first trimester, we experienced invasive cervical cancers (ICC) diagnosed during pregnancy or postpartum period. We investigated the characteristics of perinatally diagnosed ICCs to clarify the difficulty in diagnosis during the pregnancy. Read More

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Clinico-pathological characteristics of patients with stage IB1-IB2 (FIGO 2018) uterine cervical cancer: a nationwide study in Japan.

Int J Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokai University, 143, Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, 259-1193, Japan.

Objective: The aim of this retrospective analysis is to reveal clinicopathological findings and clinical outcome of patients with stage IB1/IB2 (FIGO 2018) uterine cervical cancer.

Methods: Based on the database of the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group, 2194 patients with stage IB1/IB2 (FIGO 2018), who underwent radical hysterectomy between 1/1/2004-12/31/2008, were identified as eligible for this retrospective study.

Results: Patients with squamous cell carcinoma had significantly frequent lympho-vascular space invasion than those with non-squamous cell carcinoma in both stage IB1 and IB2 (stage IB1; 29. Read More

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The early surgical period in robotic radical hysterectomy is related to the recurrence after surgery in stage IB cervical cancer.

Int J Med Sci 2021 13;18(12):2697-2704. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Gynecology Oncology and Robotic Surgery, Center of Hope, University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine, Reno, NV, USA.

To identify the pattern of recurrence and assess the clinicopathologic prognostic factors for survival after robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) in the treatment of stage IB cervical cancer. From December 2008 to March 2018, 64 cervical cancer patients who underwent RRH with pelvic lymph node dissection by a single surgeon were enrolled in this retrospective historical cohort timeline study. The patient's status was estimated in terms of operative outcomes, pathologic results, and survival outcomes. Read More

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Trends in Hysterectomy Incidence Rates During 2000-2015 in Denmark: Shifting from Abdominal to Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures.

Clin Epidemiol 2021 1;13:407-416. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, NIDO | Denmark, Gødstrup Hospital, Herning, Denmark.

Background: Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) is a common surgical procedure in gynecology. Although minimally invasive surgical procedures have been introduced, hysterectomy is still associated with risk of short- and long-term complications. Given that hysterectomized women are no longer at risk of either hysterectomy or being diagnosed with endometrial or cervical cancer, it is important to describe trends in hysterectomy rates. Read More

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An Examination of Misconceptions and Their Impact on Cervical Cancer Prevention Practices among Sub-Saharan African and Middle Eastern Refugees.

Health Equity 2021 1;5(1):382-389. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

The purpose of the study was to understand cervical cancer screening and prevention practices of refugee women in San Diego, California and identify desired components of a cervical cancer screening toolkit. We conducted a qualitative study utilizing semi-structured focus groups and identified common themes via grounded theory analysis. There were 53 female refugee participants from Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. Read More

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Dysregulation of Transcription Factor Networks Unveils Different Pathways in Human Papillomavirus 16-Positive Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma of the Uterine Cervix.

Front Oncol 2021 19;11:626187. Epub 2021 May 19.

Instituto Carlos Chagas, FIOCRUZ, Curitiba, Brazil.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (ADC) are the most common histological types of cervical cancer (CC). The worse prognosis of ADC cases highlights the need for better molecular characterization regarding differences between these CC types. RNA-Seq analysis of seven SCC and three ADC human papillomavirus 16-positive samples and the comparison with public data from non-tumoral human papillomavirus-negative cervical tissue samples revealed pathways exclusive to each histological type, such as the epithelial maintenance in SCC and the maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) pathway in ADC. Read More

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Transabdominal cerclage in early pregnancy for cervical shortening after radical trachelectomy: A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2021 Jul 20;31:e00323. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan.

Radical trachelectomy (RT) is a method of fertility preservation for patients with early invasive uterine cervical cancer stage IA2 or IB1 with a tumor diameter of ≤2 cm. However, women who have undergone RT have high risks of abortion and premature birth. To prevent premature birth, cervical cerclage is performed in patients with an ultra-short cervix, but the portio vaginalis is not visible in these patients, and transvaginal uterine cervical cerclage is almost impossible. Read More

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Minnelide, a prodrug, inhibits cervical cancer growth by blocking HPV-induced changes in p53 and pRb.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 15;11(5):2202-2214. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Surgery, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami FL, USA.

HPV-induced cervical cancer is one of the prevalent gynecological cancers world-wide. In the present study, we determined the efficacy of Minnelide, a prodrug which is converted to its active form (Triptolide) in vivo against cervical cancer cells. Our studies show that Triptolide inhibited HPV-16 and HPV-18 positive cells at nanomolar concentrations. Read More

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Radiosensitization using hydrogen peroxide in patients with cervical cancer.

Mol Clin Oncol 2021 Jul 23;15(1):142. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan.

The purpose of the present study was to analyze the feasibility and safety of radiosensitization using hydrogen peroxide for cervical cancer. In superficial tumors, breast cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma, the safety and effectiveness of radiosensitization has been reported; to the best of our knowledge, however, there are no reports on cervical cancer. A total of 20 patients with cervical cancer were recruited. Read More

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Analyses of the association between cervical cancer and osteoporosis/osteoporotic fracture: a cross-sectional study using KoGES HEXA data.

Int J Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, 22 Gwanpyeong-ro 170beon-gil, Dongan-gu, Anyang, Gyeonggi, 14068, Republic of Korea.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the association between cervical cancer and the occurrence of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture using data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES).

Methods: In this national cohort study using KoGES health examination (HEXA) data, we extracted data for patients with cervical cancer (n = 493) and control participants (n = 77,571); we then analyzed the occurrence of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture at baseline from 2004 to 2013 and during follow-up from 2012 to 2016. A logistic regression model was used to analyze the odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Read More

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Eligibility for cervical cancer screening exit: Comparison of a national and safety net cohort.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Boston University School of Medicine/ Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine eligibility for discontinuation of cervical cancer screening.

Methods: Women aged 64 with employer-sponsored insurance enrolled in a national database between 2016 and 2018, and those aged 64-66 receiving primary care at a safety net health center in 2019 were included. Patients were evaluated for screening exit eligibility by current guidelines: no evidence of cervical cancer or HIV-positive status and no evidence of cervical precancer in the past 25 years, and had evidence of either hysterectomy with removal of the cervix or evidence of fulfilling screening exit criteria, defined as two HPV screening tests or HPV plus Pap co-tests or three Pap tests within the past 10 years without evidence of an abnormal result. Read More

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History of whole pelvis plus para-aortic radiation is a risk factor associated with febrile neutropenia during chemotherapy for recurrent cervical cancer.

Int J Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Pharmacy, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Radiation-based therapy is widely used for advanced cervical cancer. Prior radiation-based therapy is a potential risk factor for febrile neutropenia (FN). However, the effect of irradiation field size on the incidence of FN during recurrent cervical cancer treatment is unclear. Read More

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Towards the elimination of cervical cancer in Japan.

J Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jul;32(4):e76

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

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Major clinical research advances in gynecologic cancer in 2020.

J Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jul;32(4):e53

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

In 2020 series, we summarized the major clinical research advances in gynecologic oncology with providing representative figures of the most influential study for 1 of each 3 gynecologic cancers: cervix, ovary, and uterine corpus. Review for cervical cancer covered targeted agents and immune checkpoint inhibitors, adjuvant radiation therapy or concurrent/sequential chemoradiation therapy after radical hysterectomy in early cervical cancer, radical surgery in early cervical cancer; and prevention and screening. Ovarian cancer research included studies of various combinations of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors with chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, and/or vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors according to the clinical setting. Read More

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Elimination of cervical cancer depends on HPV vaccination and primary HPV screening.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA; Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA.

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Knockdown of RNF6 inhibits HeLa cervical cancer cell growth via suppression of MAPK/ERK signalling.

FEBS Open Bio 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University.

Ring finger protein 6 (RNF6) is implicated in various human malignancies, but its function in cervical cancer is incompletely understood. Here, we explored the biological significance of RNF6 in HeLa cervical cancer cells and the underlying regulatory mechanisms. Expression of RNF6 was observed to be high in both primary tissues and cervical cancer cells. Read More

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Mechanism underlying long non‑coding RNA ILF3‑AS1‑mediated inhibition of cervical cancer cell proliferation, invasion and migration, and promotion of apoptosis.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Aug 3;24(2). Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Anesthesiology, Sun Yat‑sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat‑sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510120, P.R. China.

Long non‑coding RNA ILF3 divergent transcript (ILF3‑AS1) displays a tumor‑suppressing effect. StarBase predicted that the potential target microRNA (miR) of ILF3‑AS1 was miR‑454‑3p; therefore, the present study investigated the effect of ILF3‑AS1 and its target miR‑454‑3p on cervical cancer (CC). Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis was used to predict the expression of ILF3‑AS1 in CC and the overall survival rate of patients. Read More

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Successful pregnancy following transmyometrial embryo transfer after robot-assisted radical trachelectomy.

Clin Exp Reprod Med 2021 Jun 25;48(2):184-187. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.

Radical trachelectomy is a fertility-preserving alternative to radical hysterectomy in carefully selected young women with early-stage cervical cancer. However, in cases with subsequent severe cervical stenosis, assisted reproductive techniques can be difficult. This is a case report of a 34-year-old patient who underwent robot-assisted radical trachelectomy and cerclage for early-stage (IB2) adenosquamous carcinoma. Read More

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LncRNA HOXA-AS2 Activates the Notch Pathway to Promote Cervical Cancer Cell Proliferation and Migration.

Reprod Sci 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital, Ningbo, 315000, Zhejiang, China.

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are crucial participants in cancer development. HOXA cluster antisense RNA 2 (HOXA-AS2) plays a tumor promoter role in bladder cancer. However, the functional role of HOXA-AS2 in cervical cancer remains unclear. Read More

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PD-L1, PARP1, and MMRs as potential therapeutic biomarkers for neuroendocrine cervical cancer.

Cancer Med 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Objective: Neuroendocrine cervical cancer (NECC) is a rare cervical cancer with high aggressivity that causes poor prognosis even in the early stage. Given other neuroendocrine carcinomas and other types of cervical cancer have been proved to have expression of programmed cell death protein 1 ligand 1(PD-L1) and poly ADP-ribose polymerase-1(PARP1), we would measure and analyze these proteins in this invasive cancer. The purpose of this study is to investigate the application value of PD-1/PD-L1 and PARP1 inhibitors in NECC. Read More

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HPV-Negative Cervical Cancer: A Narrative Review.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 May 26;11(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy.

Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth most frequent cancer in women worldwide. HPV infection is associated with the majority of CC cases, but a small proportion of CCs actually test negative for HPV. The prevalence of HPV among CC histotypes is very different. Read More

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