31,789 results match your criteria Cerebral Palsy


Effects of a powered mobility summer camp as perceived by school staff: a qualitative study.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 May 7:1-8. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Occupational Therapy, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

Purpose: Powered mobility has a positive effect on social skills, self-esteem and overall development of children with motor impairments, but almost all previous studies were conducted with pre-school children. The aim of this study was to explore change beyond mobility following a therapeutic powered mobility summer camp for school-aged children and adolescents with severe cerebral palsy, as perceived by school staff.

Materials And Methods: The participants in the therapeutic camp, which ran for 3 weeks, 5 days a week, three times over the summers 2018-2019, were children ages 7-19 (median age 11) with severe cerebral palsy who needed assistance in mobility and had limited hand function. Read More

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Increasing prevalence of cerebral palsy among children and adolescents in China 1988-2020: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Rehabil Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

To investigate the pooled prevalence of cerebral palsy in China, analyse the differences between different subgroups, and explore the trend over the 32-year period from 1988 to 2020. All potential studies related to the prevalence of cerebral palsy among children and adoles-cents in China were identified from 3 English- language databases and 4 Chinese-language databases. Pooled prevalence was calculated to estimate the prevalence of cerebral palsy among 0-18 years old and different geographical regions in China, using a random-effects meta-analysis model. Read More

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[Simultaneous Bilateral Femoral Osteotomies in Neurogenic Hip Instability: a Feasibility Study].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2021 ;88(2):95-100

Oddělení ortopedie a traumatologie, AGEL Středomoravská nemocniční a.s., Nemocnice Přerov.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study aimed to evaluate the intraoperative and early postoperative response to simultaneous bilateral femoral osteotomy usually accompanied by soft tissue release of hip joints, or open reduction, capsuloplasty, pelvic osteotomy or extraarticular shelf procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS A bilateral surgery was performed in 16 children. Twelve children suffered from (spastic) cerebral palsy and there was one case of paralytic dislocation in a patient with myelomeningocele, while the remaining patients suffered from chromosome I aberrations, Dandy-Walker syndrome and merosin-deficient muscular dystrophy. Read More

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January 2021

Effect of oral sensorimotor stimulation on oropharyngeal dysphagia in children with spastic cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Physical Therapy For Pediatrics Department, Faculty Of Physical Therapy, Giza University, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Children with cerebral palsy show various degrees of dysphagia causing late development of oral motor skills.

Aim: To investigate effect of oral sensorimotor stimulation on oropharyngeal dysphagia in children with spastic quadriplegia.

Design: This was a double-masked, randomized controlled clinical trial. Read More

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Diet quality in adults with cerebral palsy: a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease prevention.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Feinberg Medical School, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Aim: To assess diet quality and its relationship with cardiovascular health measures for adults with cerebral palsy (CP).

Method: A convenience sample of 45 adults with CP (26 females, 19 males; mean age 35y 10mo [SD 14y 9mo]). were recruited for this cross-sectional study. Read More

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Towards Automated Emotion Classification of Atypically and Typically Developing Infants.

Proc IEEE RAS EMBS Int Conf Biomed Robot Biomechatron 2020 Nov-Dec;2020:503-508. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Sofiya Lysenko is a research assistant working in Rehabilitation Robotics Lab, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

The World Health Organization estimates that 15 million infants are born preterm every year [1]. This is of concern because these infants have a significant chance of having neuromotor or cognitive developmental delays due to cerebral palsy or other developmental issues [2]. Our long-term goal is to determine the roles emotion and movement play in the diagnosis of atypical infants. Read More

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October 2020

The Relationship of One Leg Standing Duration to GMFM Scores and to Stance Phase of Walking in Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy.

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 May 7:1-5. Epub 2021 May 7.

Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

: Lack of stability during stance negatively impacts gait and motor function for children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Improving stability and balance are the focus for gait rehabilitation). The One-Leg-Standing-Test may give valuable information about motor function and stability of stance for patients with unilateral cerebral palsy. Read More

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Birth outcomes affecting infants of mothers with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Background: Women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) face increased risk of adverse maternal pregnancy outcomes, yet less is known about infant outcomes.

Objectives: To examine birth outcomes of infants born to mothers with IDD and assess associations with demographics and IDD-type.

Methods: We used data from the Big Data for Little Kids project, which links Wisconsin birth records to Medicaid claims for live births covered by Medicaid from 2007 to 2016. Read More

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A Spatio-temporal Attention-based Model for Infant Movement Assessment from Videos.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2021 May 6;PP. Epub 2021 May 6.

The absence or abnormality of fidgety movements of joints or limbs is strongly indicative of cerebral palsy in infants. Developing computer-based methods for assessing infant movements in videos is pivotal for improved cerebral palsy screening. Most existing methods use appearance-based features and are thus sensitive to strong but irrelevant signals caused by background clutter or a moving camera. Read More

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The effects of COVID-19 pandemic countermeasures on patients receiving botulinum toxin therapy and on their caregivers: a study from an Italian cohort.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Public Health, University Federico II of Naples, Naples, Italy.

COVID-19 outbreak had a huge worldwide impact, and several countermeasures to contain its spread have been adopted, such as the interruption of nonurgent outpatient clinics. We wanted to describe the effects of the national lockdown on the well-being of a cohort of Italian patients with cerebral palsy (CP) receiving botulinum toxin (BT) therapy and of their caregivers. Twenty-five patients receiving BT therapy were surveyed using the structuralized questionnaire by Dressler and Adib Saberi, while the caregivers were assessed using the Caregiver Burden Scale. Read More

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Reliability and minimal detectable change of the , an advanced motor skills test for children with cerebral palsy, Danish version.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 May 6:1-8. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Purpose: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the , and investigate the reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC) of the Danish in children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Materials And Methods: A Danish version of the was created through a standardized translation process. Four physiotherapists evaluated face validity. Read More

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Corpus Callosum Integrity Relates to Improvement of Upper-Extremity Function Following Intensive Rehabilitation in Children With Unilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2021 May 6:15459683211011220. Epub 2021 May 6.

Burke Neurological Institute, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Background: The corpus callosum (CC) plays an important role in upper extremity (UE) function. The impact on UE function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) and improvements following intensive interventions remain unknown.

Objectives: To examine the (1) relationship between UE function and CC integrity and (2) relationship between CC integrity and changes in UE function following intensive interventions. Read More

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Considerable mortality and morbidity in neonates born below 500 gram.

Acta Paediatr 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Comprehensive Center for Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Neonatology, Intensive Care and Neuropediatrics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Aim: Data evaluating mortality and morbidity in infants born ≤500g is scarce and shows wide variability. To support counselling and decision-making, we analysed neurodevelopmental outcome in all neonates ≤500g birth weight.

Methods: Retrospective analysis including preterm infants with a birth weight ≤500g and a gestational age >22 weeks born at a single tertiary perinatal centre between 2010 and 2017. Read More

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Neurological diseases and COVID-19: prospective analyses using the UK Biobank.

Acta Neurol Belg 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Cancer Control Alberta, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Canada.

COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease-19) may present with neurological signs, but whether people already affected by neurological conditions are at a higher risk of contracting COVID-19 is still not known. We, therefore, aimed to investigate the association of previously diagnosed neurological conditions with COVID-19. 502,536 community-dwelling UK Biobank participants (54. Read More

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The design of Lil'Flo, a socially assistive robot for upper extremity motor assessment and rehabilitation in the community via telepresence.

J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng 2021 Jan-Dec;8:20556683211001805. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

General Robotics, Automation, Sensing & Perception Laboratory, Department of bioengineering, Rehabilitation Robotics Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Introduction: We present Lil'Flo, a socially assistive robotic telerehabilitation system for deployment in the community. As shortages in rehabilitation professionals increase, especially in rural areas, there is a growing need to deliver care in the communities where patients live, work, learn, and play. Traditional telepresence, while useful, fails to deliver the rich interactions and data needed for motor rehabilitation and assessment. Read More

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Children and Youth with Complex Cerebral Palsy: Care and Management.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2020 Aug;41(6):485

Division of Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.

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Physical Performance Differences Between Spanish Selected and Nonselected Para-Footballers With Cerebral Palsy for the National Team.

Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2021 May 5:1-8. Epub 2021 May 5.

In regular football, the players' selection process involves an objective assessment based on their anthropometric and physical performance. However, available literature focused on players' selection process in cerebral palsy (CP) football is scarce.

Purpose: To describe the anthropometrical and physical performance profiles of the International Spanish CP footballers and to compare them with the remaining CP football players from the national competition. Read More

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Hippotherapy in neurodevelopmental disorders: a narrative review focusing on cognitive and behavioral outcomes.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Dec 1:1-8. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo", Messina, Italy.

Hippotherapy (HT) is a rehabilitative tool inducing psychological and motor improvements using human-horse interaction. HT provides sensory stimulation to the rider through the rhythmic and repetitive movements of the horse, facilitating communication between patients and healthcare professionals, favoring the establishment of a therapeutic alliance. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the effects of HT treatment on cognitive-behavioral processes in neurodevelopmental disorders. Read More

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December 2020

Uncrossed corticospinal tract in health and genetic disorders: Review, case report and clinical implications.

Eur J Neurol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

University Hospital of the LMU Munich, Department of Neurology, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, Munich, Germany.

Background: Crossing pathologies of the corticospinal tract (CST) are rare and often associated with genetic disorders. However, they can be present in healthy humans and lead to ipsilateral motor deficits when a lesion to motor areas occurs. Here we review historical and current literature of CST crossing pathologies and present a rare case of asymmetric crossing of the CST. Read More

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Focal Ischemic Injury to the Early Neonatal Rat Brain Models Cognitive and Motor Deficits with Associated Histopathological Outcomes Relevant to Human Neonatal Brain Injury.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 29;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Australia.

Neonatal arterial ischemic stroke is one of the more severe birth complications. The injury can result in extensive neurological damage and is robustly associated with later diagnoses of cerebral palsy (CP). An important part of efforts to develop new therapies include the on-going refinement and understanding of animal models that capture relevant clinical features of neonatal brain injury leading to CP. Read More

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A Decision-Tree Approach to Assist in Forecasting the Outcomes of the Neonatal Brain Injury.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 30;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Dental and Nursing Medical Department, Faculty of Medicine, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, 550169 Sibiu, Romania.

Neonatal brain injury or neonatal encephalopathy (NE) is a significant morbidity and mortality factor in preterm and full-term newborns. NE has an incidence in the range of 2.5 to 3. Read More

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Long-term functional outcomes after an external femoral derotation osteotomy in individuals with cerebral palsy.

Gait Posture 2021 Apr 22;87:184-191. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare, 200 University Avenue East, Saint Paul, MN, 55101, United States; University of Minnesota, Orthopedic Surgery, 2450 Riverside Ave, Minneapolis, MN, 55454, United States. Electronic address:

Background: It is unknown how a femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) during childhood affects functional outcomes in adulthood among individuals with bilateral cerebral palsy (CP).

Research Questions: How do long-term functional outcomes after an FDO compare to matched individuals who did not have an FDO? How do outcomes change over time?

Methods: We queried the gait laboratory database for individuals who underwent an external FDO in childhood and were currently ≥25 years old. Participants returned for a long-term analysis (gait, physical examination, functional tests, imaging, questionnaires). Read More

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Cerebral Palsy and Criteria Implicating Intrapartum Hypoxia in Neonatal Encephalopathy - An Obstetric Perspective for the South African Setting.

S Afr Med J 2021 Mar 31;111(3b):280-288. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

University of KwaZulu-Natal College of Health Sciences.

The science surrounding cerebral palsy indicates  that it is a complex medical condition with multiple contributing variables and factors, and causal pathways are often extremely difficult to delineate. The pathophysiological processes are often juxtaposed on antenatal factors, genetics, toxins, fetal priming, failure of neuroscientific autoregulatory mechanisms, abnormal biochemistry and abnormal metabolic pathways. Placing this primed compromised compensated brain through the stresses of an intrapartum process could be the final straw in the pathway  to brain injury and later CP. Read More

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Nonabducent Cranial Neuropathies in Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Neurologist 2021 May 5;26(3):90-97. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neurology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL.

Introduction: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) can rarely present with cranial neuropathies other than abducent nerve palsy. The authors report a case and review the literature for nonabducent cranial neuropathies in CVST.

Case Report: A 22-year-old woman with a history of oral contraceptive use developed right-sided headache, blurred vision, and dizziness for 4 days. Read More

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Neuroprotective effect of helium after neonatal hypoxic ischemia: a narrative review.

Med Gas Res 2021 Jul-Sep;11(3):121-123

Department of Neurosurgery & Brain and Nerve Research Laboratory, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.

Neonatal hypoxic ischemia is one of the leading causes of permanent morbidity and mortality in newborns, which is caused by difficulty in supplying blood and oxygen to brain tissue and is often associated with epilepsy, cerebral palsy, death, short-term or long-term neurological and cognitive impairment. In recent years, the clinical therapeutic effects of noble gases have been gradually discovered and recognized. Numerous studies have shown that noble gases have unique neuroprotective effects to restore damaged nerve and relieve symptoms in patients. Read More

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Quality of Life and Associated Factors Among Male Wheelchair Handball Athletes.

Percept Mot Skills 2021 May 3:315125211014865. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Physical Education, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Although scarce, some recent studies have observed good self-reported quality of life (QOL) among wheelchair users who are involved in adapted sports. These findings have encouraged further investigations, particularly investigations of combined sociodemographic and sport factors in the study of QOL. In this study we analyzed the association between sociodemographic and sport factors with QOL in a cross-sectional study of 105 male wheelchair handball (WH) athletes with higher and lower QOL. Read More

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Radiographic and plantar pressure assessment of pes planovalgus severity in children with cerebral palsy.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2021 Apr 27;85:105364. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA; Center for Gait and Movement Analysis (CGMA), Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA; Orthopedics Institute, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA.

Background: Pes planovalgus is common in children with cerebral palsy. Although severity influences treatment, there still lacks standard clinical measurements to objectively quantify pes planovalgus in this population. The comparison of pedobarographic data and radiographic measurements to clinical evaluation has not been reported in this population. Read More

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Rehabilitation status of children with cerebral palsy in Bangladesh: Findings from the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(5):e0250640. Epub 2021 May 3.

CSF Global, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the rehabilitation status and factors associated with rehabilitation service utilisation among children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Bangladesh.

Materials And Methods: This is a population-based surveillance study conducted among children with CP registered in the Bangladesh CP Register (BCPR), the first population-based register of children with CP aged <18 years (y) in Bangladesh. Children with CP were identified from the community using the key informant method and underwent a detailed neurodevelopmental assessment. Read More

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Salivary Biomarker Levels and Oral Health Status of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Their Healthy Siblings: A Comparative Study.

Rambam Maimonides Med J 2021 Apr 29;12(2). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Vivekanada Dental College for Women, Elayampalayam, Tiruchengode-TK Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: The dental needs of cerebral palsy children are an area of study much in need of attention. The neglect of this aspect should be rectified, and simpler diagnostic methodologies should be established and used to serve this purpose.

Aim: This study aimed to determine oral health status and salivary biomarkers (salivary flow rate, pH, buffering capacity) among children with cerebral palsy (CP), to compare their data with that of their healthy siblings, and to evaluate the relationship between salivary biomarkers and dental caries. Read More

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