159 results match your criteria Central Asian journal of global health[Journal]


Prevalence of overweight, obesity, and associated risk factors in healthy female adolescents in Tehran, Iran.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 20;8(1):413. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Obesity is an important health concern worldwide and is a growing problem in Iran. Adolescent obesity has a major role in development of adulthood obesity and its complications. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and associated risk factors in female adolescents living in Tehran, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948360PMC
December 2019

Microbiological and Susceptibility Profile of Clinical Gram Positive Isolates at a Tertiary Pediatric and Maternity Hospital in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 30;8(1):380. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, USA.

Introduction: Information on microbiological and susceptibility profiles of Monoglian bacterial isolates is scarce. Resistance profiles, patient demographics and microbiological work-up of gram positive isolates were analyzed in order to develop infection control activities and policies at the National Center for Maternity and Children's Health (NCMCH) in Ulaanbataar, Mongolia.

Methods: All gram positive isolates of specimens submitted to the microbiology laboratory at NCMCH between January 2014 and August 2017 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948358PMC
September 2019

Hydatid Disease in the Central Region of Iran: A 5-year Epidemiological and Clinical Overview.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 10;8(1):364. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Department of Disease Control and Prevention, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Introduction: Hydatid cyst is caused by an infection by the larval stage of . Patients with cystic echinococcosis often remain asymptomatic until the hydatid cysts grow large enough to cause symptoms and signs. The cysts grow in the course of several years before reaching maturity and the rate of growth depends on the location of the cyst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.364DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948357PMC

Knowledge and Attitudes of Maintaining Bone Health among Post-Menopausal Women in Malaysia.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 7;8(1):348. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Kulliyyah of Medicine, Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan Campus, Pahang, Malaysia.

Introduction: Public awareness of osteoporosis is low among women in the developing countries. Health education was shown to be effective in improving knowledge and awareness on maintaining bone health. This study aims to identify the level of knowledge and attitudes among post-menopausal women in Malaysia on achieving bone health throughout the menopausal transition period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948359PMC

Trends and Determinants of Attitudes Towards People Living with HIV/AIDS Among Women of Reproductive Age in Tajikistan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 10;8(1):349. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Rutgers University, United States.

Introduction: Despite having one of lowest rates of newly diagnosed HIV infections among former Soviet countries, Tajikistan has a substantial level of discriminatory attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). While initial attempts were made to explore discriminatory attitudes of a wide range of professionals, women's general attitudes towards PLWHA received less scholarly attention. Employing a nationally representative sample from the 2000 and 2005 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), sociodemographic determinants of HIV-related discriminatory attitudes of women aged 15-49 in Tajikistan were identified and examined over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6564097PMC

Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases Among Residents of a Remote Settlement in the Transbaikal Region of the Russian Federation.

Authors:
Oleg Gaisenok

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 13;8(1):338. Epub 2019 May 13.

Research Center for Medical Forecasting and Analysis, Moscow, Russia.

Introduction: Over a quarter of the population of the Russian Federation resides in rural communities. However, the data on chronic disease rates in these communities are limited, which makes screening for chronic diseases extremely important. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases among residents of a remote settlement in the Transbaikal region, Russian Federation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6564098PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Screening Procedure for Hemihypertrophy: Preliminary Results of International Multicenter Prospective Study.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 1;8(1):336. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Science Research Department, Alexander Muss High School in Israel (AMHSI) affiliated with Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education (AMIIE), Hod HaSharon, Israel.

Introduction: Isolated or congenital hemihypertrophy is a rare disorder characterized by asymmetric overgrowth of one side of the body. This article describes the protocol and preliminary results of a lateral body asymmetry (hemihypertrophy) screening procedure performed in healthy adolescents in a multicenter study. The reported incidence of hemihypertrophy varies between different publications and standardized protocols are needed to improve research in this area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.336DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6564096PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of micronuclei in oral mucosa of individuals exposed to ionizing radiation: a pilot study from Celaya, México.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 10;8(1):331. Epub 2019 May 10.

Departmentof Electrical Engineering, Division of Engineerings, University of Guanajuato, México.

Introduction: Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation can potentially lead to adverse health effects, including cancer and genetic defects. Genetic damage caused by radiation can be detected if micronuclei are observed. The objective of this pilot study was to detect the presence of micronuclei in cells of the oral mucosa in inidividuals occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.331DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6564099PMC

Sero-Occurrence of HBV/HCV Co-infection and Levels of Liver Enzymes among Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Central India: a Pilot Study.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 29;8(1):313. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Pathology, Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Centre, India.

Introduction: Hepatitis B and C viral infections share common modes of transmission and account for a large proportion of liver disease burden across the globe. Patients with Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection may have more severe liver disease and are potentially at higher risk for developing hepatocellular carcinoma. The aim of this study was to assess the sero-occurrence of HBV/HCV co-infection by examining the medical records of tertiary care hospital patients in Central India and determine the extent of liver damage based on liver function tests (LFTs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6564095PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Interval Hysterectomy for Placenta Percreta - a Case Report.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 5;8(1):345. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Mafraq Hospital, United Arab Emirates.

Introduction: Placenta percreta is an abnormality of placentation where it invades the serosa and can go beyond it. Complications include massive hemorrhage, bladder dysfunction, and severe infections during delivery. The aim of this study is to report a complex case of placenta percreta managed by interval hysterectomy. Read More

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http://cajgh.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/cajgh/article/view/345
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395072PMC
February 2019
14 Reads

Estimating Maternal Mortality in Remote Rural Regions: an Application of the Sisterhood Method in Tajikistan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 23;8(1):341. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Women, Children, and Family Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA.

Introduction: The sisterhood method of maternal mortality data collection and analysis provides a validated framework for estimating maternal mortality ratios in situations of limited infrastructure. The aim of this study is to assess sub-national maternal mortality in the Badakhshan region of Tajikistan using the sisterhood method as part of a larger ethnographic study on maternal risk.

Methods: In 2006-2007, 1004 married women of reproductive age in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast, Tajikistan were surveyed using the sisterhood method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395070PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Knowledge and Perception of Diabetes and Available Services among Diabetic Patients in the State of Qatar.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2019 24;8(1):333. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, State of Qatar.

Introduction: Diabetes is a major public health concern in Qatar. This study examined diabetes knowledge and perception of available services for diabetes control among diabetic patients in Qatar.

Methods: Data from 300 diabetic patients were collected through face-to-face interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire between February and May 2015 at Hamad Medical Corporation healthcare facilities in Qatar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2019.333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395071PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Discovery of Actinomycetes from Extreme Environments with Potential to Produce Novel Antibiotics.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 14;7(1):337. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Nazarbayev University School of Medicine, Astana, Kazakhstan.

Introduction: Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens pose serious challenges to healthcare institutions and health of the public. Thus, there is an urgent need for the discovery of new and effective antimicrobial agents. Microorganisms that exist in extreme environments such as those with high salinity or alkalinity, are known as extremophiles, and include various species of actinomycetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.337DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393050PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Trends in the leading causes of childhood mortality from 2004 to 2016 in Qatar.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 1;7(1):334. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Ministry of Public Health, State of Qatar.

Introduction: Childhood mortality is an important health indicator that reflects the overall health status of a population. Despite the decrease in global childhood mortality rates over the past decades, it still remains an important public health issue in Qatar.

Methods: The data from 2004-2016 were extracted from the Qatar Ministry of Public Health Birth and Death Database. Read More

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http://cajgh.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/cajgh/article/view/334
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393052PMC
November 2018
28 Reads

Healthcare Access Experiences Among Indigenous Women in Northern Rural Thailand: A Focused Ethnographic Study.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 6;7(1):328. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

University of Alberta, Canada.

Introduction: Persistent inequities in health and access to healthcare services for indigenous women living in Thailand remain a significant challenge. This study provides narrative accounts of Indigenous women's experiences accessing healthcare in northern and rural Thailand and explores the complexity of culture and its interaction with multiple intersecting influences on health behaviours.

Methods: A focused ethnographic study was conducted to understand and describe the culture of health behaviors and other cultural phenomena. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393055PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Detection of Hepatitis E Antibodies in Kazakhstan: A Pilot Study.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 22;7(1):324. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan.

Introduction: Hepatitis E virus exposure is associated with sporadic cases of acute hepatitis and outbreaks in many countries worldwide. It is particularly dangerous for pregnant women, in whom the mortality rate is high. There are no previously published data reporting circulation of this virus in Kazakhstan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393053PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Burden of the Cardiovascular Diseases in Central Asia.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 8;7(1):321. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Population Health and Social Sciences, Kazakhstan School of Public Health, Medical University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are now the number one cause of death in low- and middle-income countries, including those in Central Asia (CA). Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) bear a disproportionate and growing burden of CVD, which constitutes a challenge to national development. CVD account for more than 43% of cases of disability and 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.321DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393056PMC
August 2018
22 Reads

Nutritional Status and Basic Hygiene Practices of Rural School Age Children of Savar Region, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 14;7(1):282. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Department of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Introduction: School children in the developing countries are susceptible to nutrition related health problems due to demographic and socio-economic factors, as well as limited access to food. Since BMI is a common proxy measure used to evaluate nutritional status, the aim of this study was to investigate the BMI categories in school-aged children in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Methods: A cross sectional study of 155 children, aged 6-12 years was conducted at Jahangirnagar University School in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.282DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393051PMC
March 2018
1 Read

A Comparison of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Knowledge Among Women Across Seven Post-Soviet Countries.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2018 30;7(1):295. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

University of Windsor, Canada.

Introduction: Post-Soviet countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia have witnessed a recent growth of HIV infection through heterosexual transmission. Women's low levels of knowledge about HIV prevention and transmission methods have been found to account for the higher female-to-male ratio among cases infected through the heterosexual route. This cross national comparison study assessed comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge and its key determinants among women of seven post-Soviet countries and identified which countries face the highest levels of risk due to the low levels of HIV/AIDS awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2018.295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393054PMC
January 2018
1 Read

Cannabis and Amphetamine Use Among Adolescents in Five Asian Countries.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 7;6(1):288. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

Department of Research and Innovation, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa.

Introduction: There has been a global increase in illicit drug use among young people. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of lifetime cannabis and amphetamine use, as well as to explore factors associated with substance use among adolescents in five Asian countries: Iraq, Kuwait, Malaysia, Mongolia, and Vietnam.

Methods: 38,941 school children (mean age 15. Read More

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http://cajgh.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/cajgh/article/view/288
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.288DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393045PMC
December 2017
17 Reads

Hysterectomy Pathway as the Global Engine of Practice Change: Implications for Value in Care.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 25;6(1):299. Epub 2017 Sep 25.

Divisions of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Magee-Womens Hospital.

Introduction: In 2012, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) introduced a hysterectomy clinical pathway to reduce the number of total abdominal hysterectomies performed for benign gynecological indications. This study focused on exploring physician and patient factors impacting the utilization of hysterectomy clinical pathways.

Methods: An online survey with 24 questions was implemented to explore physicians' attitudes and perceived barriers toward implementing the pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.299DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675396PMC
September 2017
5 Reads

Challenges to Global Implementation of Infrared Thermography Technology: Current Perspective.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 30;6(1):289. Epub 2017 Oct 30.

Department of Sciences, Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education.

Medical infrared thermography (IT) produces an image of the infrared waves emitted by the human body as part of the thermoregulation process that can vary in intensity based on the health of the person. This review analyzes recent developments in the use of infrared thermography as a screening and diagnostic tool in clinical and nonclinical settings, and identifies possible future routes for improvement of the method. Currently, infrared thermography is not considered to be a fully reliable diagnostic method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675395PMC
October 2017

Pediatric Pulmonary Hemorrhage vs. Extrapulmonary Bleeding in the Differential Diagnosis of Hemoptysis.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 23;6(1):284. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

wPediatric Intensive Care Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Introduction: Hemoptysis is an important symptom which causes a major concern, and warrants immediate diagnostic attention. The authors compared a group of patients with pediatric pulmonary hemorrhage with pediatric patients diagnosed with extrapulmonary bleeding focusing on differences in etiology, outcome and differential diagnosis of hemoptysis.

Methods: We performed the retrospective analysis of medical charts of 134 pediatric patients admitted to the Emergency Department because of pulmonary and extrapulmonary hemorrhage and were diagnosed with suspected hemoptysis or developed hemoptysis (ICD10-CM code R04. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.284DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675394PMC
October 2017
13 Reads

The Euclid Statistical Matrix Tool.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 5;6(1):283. Epub 2017 Jun 5.

University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675393PMC
June 2017
4 Reads

Spatial Distribution and Trends of Waterborne Diseases in Tashkent Province.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 17;6(1):277. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Department of political and cultural change, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, Germany.

Introduction: The cumulative effect of limited investment in public water systems, inadequate public health infrastructure, and gaps in infectious disease prevention increased the incidence of waterborne diseases in Uzbekistan. The objectives of this study were: (1) to spatially analyze the distribution of the diseases in Tashkent Province, (2) to identify the intensity of spatial trends in the province, (3) to identify urban-rural characteristics of the disease distribution, and (4) to identify the differences in disease incidence between pediatric and adult populations of the province.

Methods: Data on four major waterborne diseases and socio-demographics factors were collected in Tashkent Province from 2011 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.277DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675392PMC
July 2017
7 Reads

Diabetes Mellitus Among Adults in Herat, Afghanistan: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 25;6(1):271. Epub 2017 Aug 25.

Grant and Service Contract Management Unit, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan.

Introduction: Diabetes is reaching epidemic levels in Afghanistan. This study identifies the risk factors associated with diabetes in Herat City, Afghanistan, and explores the prevalence of previously undiagnosed diabetes.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage cluster sampling by adopting the World Health Organization's (WHO) STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.271DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675391PMC
August 2017
2 Reads

Prevalence of Tobacco Smoking and Factors Associated with the Initiation of Smoking among University Students in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 6;6(1):244. Epub 2017 Jan 6.

Department of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Introuduction: Tobacco smoking is considered to be the key preventable risk factor for morbidity and mortality at the global level. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of tobacco smoking and factors associated with the initiation of smoking among university students in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted with 264 students of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.244DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675390PMC
January 2017
3 Reads

Social Determinants of Maternal Health in Afghanistan: A Review.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2017 20;6(1):240. Epub 2017 Mar 20.

School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Canada.

Introduction: Afghanistan has a high maternal mortality rate of 400 per 100,000 live births. Although direct causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in Afghanistan include hemorrhage, obstructed labor, infection, high blood pressure, and unsafe abortion, the high burden of diseases responsible for maternal mortality arises in large part due to social determinants of health. The focus of this literature review is to examine the impact of various social determinants of health on maternal health in Afghanistan, filling an important gap in the existing literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2017.240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5675389PMC
March 2017
2 Reads

Publication Productivity in Central Asia and Countries of the Former Soviet Union.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2016 13;5(1):261. Epub 2016 Dec 13.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Magee-Womens Research Institute.

Introduction: Despite the significant number of research institutions and rich scientific heritage, published research from Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan) is traditionally underrepresented in international scientific literature. The goal of this paper was to analyze publication patterns in Central Asian countries, and to explore the factors that contributed to the publication productivity in Kazakhstan.

Methods: Publication productivity was evaluated using data generated by the SCImago Journal & Country Rank over the period of 1996-2014 for all of the 15 former Soviet Union Republics for all subject categories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2016.261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661191PMC
December 2016
4 Reads

The Potential Contribution of BRCA Mutations to Early Onset and Familial Breast Cancer in Uzbekistan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2016 21;5(1):228. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

Center for High Technologies Academy of Sciences Republic of Uzbekistan.

Introuduction: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and affects approximately 1 out of 8 females in the US. Risk of developing breast cancer is strongly influenced by genetic factors. Germ-line mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are associated with 5-10% of breast cancer incidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2016.228DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661187PMC
December 2016
6 Reads

Association of rs2294008 and rs9297976 Polymorphisms in PSCA Gene with Gastric Cancer Susceptibility in Uzbekistan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2016 13;5(1):227. Epub 2016 Dec 13.

Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry Academy of Sciences Republic of Uzbekistan.

Introduction: Genetic factors play an important role in the development of gastric cancer (GC), a prevalent malignancy in Central Asia. Recent studies have shown that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in several genes are associated with increased GC risk, indicating that genetic variation contributes to gastric carcinogenesis. Located on chromosome 8q24. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2016.227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661186PMC
December 2016
3 Reads

Dietary and Lifestyle Factors Associated with Dyspepsia among Pre-clinical Medical Students in Ajman, United Arab Emirates.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2016 15;5(1):192. Epub 2016 Aug 15.

Department of Community Medicine, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates.

Introduction: Dyspepsia is a common gastrointestinal diseases worldwide with a prevalence ranging from 7 to 40%. Dyspepsia, more commonly known as heartburn or indigestion, is defined as one or more of the following symptoms: postprandial fullness, early satiation (the inability to finish a normal size meal), or epigastric pain or burning for at least 3 months in the past year. Dyspepsia has been studied extensively, but little is known of factors associated with dyspepsia among medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2016.192DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661185PMC
August 2016
11 Reads

Honey: A Therapeutic Agent for Disorders of the Skin.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2016 4;5(1):241. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Dietetics, Nutrition and Biological Sciences, Queen Margaret University, Musselburgh, East Lothian, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Problems with conventional treatments for a range of dermatological disorders have led scientists to search for new compounds of therapeutic value. Efforts have included the evaluation of natural products such as honey. Manuka honey, for example, has been scientifically recognised for its anti-microbial and wound healing properties and is now used clinically as a topical treatment for wound infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2016.241DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661189PMC
August 2016
4 Reads

Scientific Banana Republics: Do They Exist?

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2016 3;5(1):249. Epub 2016 Aug 3.

Department of Epidemioloy, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

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http://cajgh.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/cajgh/article/view/249
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2016.249DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661190PMC
August 2016
5 Reads

The Universal Non-Neuronal Nature of Parkinson's Disease: A Theory.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2016 1;5(1):231. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders, yet the etiology of the majority of its cases remains unknown. In this manuscript, relevant published evidence is interpreted and integrated into a comprehensive hypothesis on the nature, origin, and inter-cellular mode of propagation of sporadic PD. We propose to characterize sporadic PD as a pathological deviation in the global gene expression program of a cell: the PD expression-state, or PD-state for short. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2016.231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661188PMC
June 2016
32 Reads

Correlation between Reproductive Hormonal Level and Osteoporosis among Women in Mongolia.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 6;4(2):239. Epub 2016 May 6.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Alabama, Alabama, USA.

Background: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is the most common bone metabolic disease associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteopathic fragility fractures, which can lead to significant morbidity. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) across the stages of menopause in Mongolian women.

Methods: Two hundred sixty participants aged 50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661210PMC
May 2016
4 Reads

Challenges of NGO-to-state Referral in the Delivery of HIV Prevention Programs in Ukraine Supported by the Global Fund.

Authors:
Svetlana McGill

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 29;4(2):213. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Ukraine has one of the world's fastest growing HIV rates and was one of the largest recipients of funding from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GF). The objective of this study was to close the gaps in the literature on the delivery of HIV prevention services by NGOs and the perceptions of NGO delivered services, using as an example HIV prevention programs in Ukraine funded by the GF.

Methods: The aim of this qualitative study was to determine how NGO-based services were implemented in the context of a state-owned healthcare system of Ukraine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661203PMC
March 2016
3 Reads

Public Health and Social Desirability in Kazakhstan: Methodological Considerations.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 29;4(2):191. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

Department of Communication, Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan.

Background: As the Republic of Kazakhstan undertakes new public health efforts to promote healthy lifestyles among its citizens, the local perceptions of health and health behaviors need to be examined and understood from the sociocultural and historical perspectives. The primary aim of this study is to examine the association between perception of control on one's health and engagement in good and bad health behaviors.

Methods: Students enrolled in a health communication course surveyed 310 citizens of Kazakhstan on their perceptions of control over their own health and multiple health behaviors (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.191DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661202PMC
March 2016
3 Reads

Energy Drink Consumption Practices of Young People in Bahrain.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 17;4(2):216. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

College of Health Sciences, University of Bahrain, Bahrain.

Background: Energy drink (ED) consumption is becoming increasingly popular among young Bahrainis, who may be unaware of the health risks associated with ED consumption. To date, there have been few publications on the consumption of ED in Bahrain, particularly among adolescents. This study seeks to fill a gap in the literature on energy drink consumption practices of Bahraini adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661204PMC
March 2016
5 Reads

External Quality Assessment of Sputum Smear Microscopy in Tuberculosis Laboratories in Sughd, Tajikistan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 4;4(2):230. Epub 2016 Mar 4.

Quality Health Care Project Kazakhstan.

Introduction: Tajikistan has a laboratory network with three levels of tuberculosis (TB) laboratories. The external quality assessment (EQA) of sputum smear microscopy was implemented in 2007. The objective of this study was to evaluate the EQA system and identify potential performance improvement strategies in TB microscopic laboratories in Sughd, Tajikistan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661208PMC
March 2016
3 Reads

Risk for Disability and Poverty Among Central Asians in the United States.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 18;4(2):220. Epub 2016 Feb 18.

Center for Reducing Health Disparities, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska, NE.

Understanding the disability-poverty relationship among minority groups within the United States (US) populations may help inform interventions aimed at reducing health disparities. Limited information exists on risk factors for disability and poverty among "Central Asians" (immigrants born in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and other Central Asian regions of the former Soviet Union) in the US. The current cross-sectional analysis used information on 6,820 Central Asians to identify risk factors for disability and poverty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661206PMC
February 2016
3 Reads

Erratum to: Quantifying Socioeconomic and Lifestyle Related Health Risks: Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Among Indian Males.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 21;4(2):237. Epub 2016 Jan 21.

Indian Council of Medical Research.

[This corrects the article on p. 2 in vol. 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661209PMC
January 2016
3 Reads

HIV Risks, Testing, and Treatment in the Former Soviet Union: Challenges and Future Directions in Research and Methodology.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 4;4(2):225. Epub 2016 Jan 4.

Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Background: The dissolution of the USSR resulted in independence for constituent republics but left them battling an unstable economic environment and healthcare. Increases in injection drug use, prostitution, and migration were all widespread responses to this transition and have contributed to the emergence of an HIV epidemic in the countries of former Soviet Union. Researchers have begun to identify the risks of HIV infection as well as the barriers to HIV testing and treatment in the former Soviet Union. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661207PMC
January 2016
4 Reads

Quantifying Socioeconomic and Lifestyle Related Health Risks: Burden of Cardiovascular Disease Among Indian Males.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 22;4(2):218. Epub 2015 Dec 22.

Indian Council of Medical Research.

Background: Non-communicable diseases account for a significant disease burden in the South East Asia region. India is facing an increased incidence of lifestyle-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease. Socioeconomic and lifestyle risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been under investigated in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661205PMC
December 2015
4 Reads

Comparing the Use of Uterine Artery Embolization to Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonists in Shrinking Fibroid Size: A Pilot Study in Kazakhstan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 17;4(1):232. Epub 2015 Sep 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Research Center for Maternal and Child Health, National Medical Holding, Astana, Kazakhstan.

Introduction: Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumor in women in Kazakhstan. In the past two decades, endoscopic surgery has played an important role in the development of gynecologic surgery, particularly in the treatment of uterine fibroids. The goal of this paper is to evaluate whether uterine artery embolization (UAE) or gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) prior to myomectomy was more effective in decreasing fibroid size and improving surgical outcomes in a pilot study of women in Kazakhstan. Read More

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http://cajgh.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/cajgh/article/view/232
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661200PMC
September 2015
7 Reads

One Health and Zoonoses: The Evolution of One Health and Incorporation of Zoonoses.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 23;4(1):139. Epub 2015 Jul 23.

Public Health Program, College of Health Sciences, University of Bahrain, Manama, Bahrain.

Introduction: Zoonotic disease outbreaks have surged in the last two decades. These include severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Hendra virus, Nipah virus, influenza viruses, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus, and ebola. One Health is the initiative of an inclusive collaboration linking human, animal, and environmental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661195PMC
July 2015
1 Read

Proximity Utilizing Biotinylation of Nuclear Proteins .

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2014 15;3(Suppl):165. Epub 2015 Jun 15.

Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Introduction: The human genome consists of roughly 30,000 genes coding for over 500,000 different proteins, of which more than 10,000 proteins can be produced by the cell at any given time (the cellular "proteome"). It has been estimated that over 80% of proteins do not operate alone, but in complexes. These protein-protein interactions (PPI) are regulated by several mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2014.165DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5960933PMC
June 2015
3 Reads

Do People with Type 2 Diabetes Think They are Unhealthy?: A Cross-Sectional Study in Celaya, Mexico.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 28;4(1):207. Epub 2015 May 28.

Division of Health Sciences and Engineering, Campus Celaya Salvatierra, University of Guanajuato, Mexico.

Background: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that presents a significant burden on health care systems in many countries. With the rise of obesity, the incidence of Type 2 diabetes has also been steadily increasing. A healthy lifestyle and understanding of diabetes management are important factors for delaying the onset of comorbidities associated with Type 2 diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.207DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661197PMC
May 2015
1 Read

Studies of Health Effects from Nuclear Testing near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site, Kazakhstan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 8;4(1):127. Epub 2015 May 8.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

The nuclear bomb testing conducted at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site in Kazakhstan is of great importance for today's radiation protection research, particularly in the area of low dose exposures. This type of radiation is of particular interest due to the lack of research in this field and how it impacts population health. In order to understand the possible health effects of nuclear bomb testing, it is important to determine what studies have been conducted on the effects of low dose exposure and dosimetry, and evaluate new epidemiologic data and biological material collected from populations living in proximity to the test site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661192PMC
May 2015
46 Reads

Family Medicine as a Model of Primary Health Services Delivery: A Pilot Study in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015 8;4(1):209. Epub 2015 Apr 8.

KIMEP University, MPA, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Introduction: Advanced models of delivering primary health care are being implemented in various countries of the world. This is especially true for countries undergoing a healthcare transition in Central Asia, such as Kazakhstan, which obtained independence from Soviet Union in 1991. The Kazakhstan National Program of Health Reform, implemented between 2005-2010, aimed to create an effective system of primary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.209DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5661198PMC
April 2015
3 Reads