19 results match your criteria Centipede Envenomation

  • Page 1 of 1

The kiss of (cell) death: can venom-induced immune response contribute to dermal necrosis following arthropod envenomations?

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2019 Feb 26:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

a Venom Systems and Proteomics Lab, School of Natural Sciences , Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland Galway , Galway , Ireland.

Introduction: Snakes, insects, arachnids and myriapods have been linked to necrosis following envenomation. However, the pathways involved in arthropod venom-induced necrosis remain a highly controversial topic among toxinologists, clinicians and the public. On the one hand, clinicians report on alleged envenomations based on symptoms and the victims' information. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2019.1578367DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Centipede envenomation: Clinical importance and the underlying molecular mechanisms.

Toxicon 2018 Nov 29;154:60-68. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of Chinese Academy of Sciences/Key Laboratory of Bioactive Peptides of Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China. Electronic address:

Centipede bites are usually characterized by mildly to moderately painful encounters with humans, however, they are relatively infrequent. The vast majority of centipede envenomations do not cause severe symptoms and only in very rare cases more serious symptoms such as myocardial ischemia and infarction, hematuria, hemoglobinuria, rhabdomyolysis, hemorrhage, pruritus, eosinophilic cellulitis, as well as anaphylaxis are observed. More prevalent are symptoms including pain, paresthesia, lethargy, localized necrosis, headache, dizziness and nausea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2018.09.008DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Evaluation of Aristolochia indica L. and Piper nigrum L. methanol extract against centipede Scolopendra moristans L. using Wistar albino rats and screening of bioactive compounds by high pressure liquid chromatography: a polyherbal formulation.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Jan 28;97:1603-1612. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Pharmacy, Federal University of Sergipe, Cristovao, Sergipe, CEP, 49100-000, Sao Cristovao, Brazil.

The present study was aimed to explore the anti-venom activity of Aristolochia indica and Piper nigrum plants against the centipede (Scolopendra moristans) envenomation in animal model. In vtiro phytochemical, antioxidant and blocking of proteolysis were carried out by using standard spectrophotometric methods. In vivo anti-venom activity of methanol extracts was determined using Wistar albino rats after fixing lethal and effective doses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07533322173502
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2017.11.114DOI Listing
January 2018
13 Reads

Vietnamese centipede envenomation.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2018 Apr 24:1-2. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

a Division of Emergency Medicine , Washington University School of Medicine , St. Louis , MO , USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2018.1456664DOI Listing
April 2018
2 Reads

Centipedes subdue giant prey by blocking KCNQ channels.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 02 22;115(7):1646-1651. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China;

Centipedes can subdue giant prey by using venom, which is metabolically expensive to synthesize and thus used frugally through efficiently disrupting essential physiological systems. Here, we show that a centipede (, ∼3 g) can subdue a mouse (∼45 g) within 30 seconds. We found that this observation is largely due to a peptide toxin in the venom, SsTx, and further established that SsTx blocks KCNQ potassium channels to exert the lethal toxicity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1714760115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5816164PMC
February 2018
15 Reads

Lymphangitis From Scolopendra heros Envenomation: The Texas Redheaded Centipede.

Wilderness Environ Med 2017 Mar 11;28(1):51-53. Epub 2017 Jan 11.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Texas A&M/Baylor Scott & White Health, Temple, TX (Drs Essler and Juergens).

Envenomation by Scolopendra heros, the Texas redheaded centipede, can present variably. Although transient pain and erythema are often treated conservatively, complications may include cellulitis, necrosis, myocardial infarction, and rhabdomyolysis. We present a case of an elderly man who came to the emergency department with lymphangitis and dermatitis secondary to a centipede sting that awoke him from sleep. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2016.11.003DOI Listing
March 2017
3 Reads

Cardiovascular collapse after myocardial infarction due to centipede bite.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2015 Jul 21;127(13-14):577-9. Epub 2015 May 21.

Department of Cardiology, Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Varlık mah. Kazımkarabekir Caddesi, Soğuksu, Muratpaşa, 07100, Antalya, Turkey.

Centipede bites have been reported to cause localized and/or systemic symptoms including local pain, erythema and edema, nausea and vomiting, palpitations, headache, lymphadenopathy, and rhabdomyolysis. However, acute myocardial infarction due to centipede envenomation is reported in only three cases in English medical literature.We present a case of 31-year-old male bitten by a golden colored centipede leading to myocardial infarction and cardiopulmonary arrest which is seen very rarely. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00508-015-0801-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-015-0801-zDOI Listing
July 2015
4 Reads

Centipede envenomation: bringing the pain to Hawai'i and Pacific Islands.

Hawaii J Med Public Health 2014 Nov;73(11 Suppl 2):41-3

Department of Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859.

Scolopendra subspinipes is the only clinically significant centipede found in Hawai'i. Envenomation typically leads to extreme localized pain, erythema, induration, and tissue necrosis and possible lymphedema or lymphangitis. Mortality is uncommon and results from secondary infection or anaphylaxis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4244901PMC
November 2014
7 Reads

Local inflammatory reaction induced by Scolopendra viridicornis centipede venom in mice.

Toxicon 2013 Dec 17;76:239-46. Epub 2013 Oct 17.

Laboratory of Immunopathology, Butantan Institute, Av. Vital Brasil 1500, 05503-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Centipede envenomation is generally mild, and human victims usually manifest burning pain, erythema and edema. Despite the abundance and ubiquity of these animals, centipede venom has been poorly characterized in literature. For this reason, the aim of this work was to investigate local inflammatory features induced by Scolopendra viridicornis centipede envenomation in mice, evaluating edema formation, leukocyte infiltration, production of inflammatory mediators, and also performing histological analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2013.10.017DOI Listing
December 2013
59 Reads

Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction from a centipede bite.

J Cardiovasc Dis Res 2011 Oct;2(4):244-6

Sri Gokulam Hospitals and Research Institute, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India.

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following a centipede bite has been very rarely reported. Here, we describe a 22 year-old man who had ST-segment elevation AMI after a centipede bite. He presented with typical chest pain, electro and echocardiographic abnormalities, and elevated cardiac enzymes with normal coronary angiography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0975358311
Web Search
http://www.jcdronline.org/article/227
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0975-3583.89811DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3224447PMC
October 2011
2 Reads

Comparisons of ice packs, hot water immersion, and analgesia injection for the treatment of centipede envenomations in Taiwan.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2009 Aug;47(7):659-62

Department of Emergency Medicine, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Kuei-Shang County, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of ice packs and hot water immersion for the treatment of centipede envenomations.

Methods: Sixty patients envenomated by centipedes were randomized into three groups and were treated with ice packs, hot water immersion, or analgesia injection. The visual analog score (VAS) for pain was measured before the treatment and 15 min afterward. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650802084821DOI Listing
August 2009
9 Reads

[Centipede bite in a woman with heterozygotous sickle cell disease].

Med Trop (Mars) 2008 Dec;68(6):647-8

Département d'Anesthésie-Réanimation-Urgences, Hôpital Principal, Dakar, Sénégal.

Although centipede bits can cause severe symptoms, they are seldom reported since outcome is generally favorable. The purpose of this report is to describe a case of centipede envenomation causing severe and prolonged symptoms in a woman with sickle cell trait. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2008
2 Reads

Toxic activities of Brazilian centipede venoms.

Toxicon 2008 Aug 4;52(2):255-63. Epub 2008 Jun 4.

Laboratory of Immunopathology, Butantan Institute, Av. Vital Brasil 1500, 05503-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Centipedes have a venom gland connected to a pair of forceps, which are used to arrest preys. Human victims bitten by centipedes usually manifest burning pain, paresthesia and edema, which may develop into superficial necrosis. The aim of this work was to characterize and compare toxic activities found in venoms of three species of Brazilian centipedes-Otostigmus pradoi, Cryptops iheringi and Scolopendra viridicornis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.05.012DOI Listing
August 2008
6 Reads

[Centipede (Scolopendra sp.) envenomation in a rural village of semi-arid region from Falcon State, Venezuela].

Rev Invest Clin 2004 Nov-Dec;56(6):712-7

Posgrado de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario Alfredo Van Grieken, Coro, estado Falcón, Venezuela.

Introduction: Centipedes are invertebrate animals belonging to Phylum Arthropoda, Class Chilopoda, with a first pair of front legs that has been modified to form large, poisonous fangs connected to venomous glands. Likely, due to relatively benignity of the clinical manifestations, in Venezuela studies and research on centipede envenomation are virtually scarse.

Aim: The objective of this work was to study, biological, clinical, epidemiological and treatment profiles of envenomation caused by centipedes from Río Seco town, semi-arid area of Falcon State, Venezuelan north-western region. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
June 2005
2 Reads

Vietnamese centipede envenomation.

Vet Hum Toxicol 2004 Dec;46(6):312-3

Department Emergency Medicine, New York University, New York City Poison Control Center New York, New York 10016, USA.

The Vietnamese centipede (Scolopendra subspinipes) is one of the largest and most aggressive tropical centipedes. It has become a popular pet among arthropod enthusiasts and the general public. Despite their reputation, few well-documented cases of envenomation are reported in the medical literature. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2004
3 Reads

Acute coronary ischemia following centipede envenomation: case report and review of the literature.

Wilderness Environ Med 2004 ;15(2):109-12

Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Inciralti, Izmir, Turkey.

This is the first known case report of electrocardiographic (ECG) changes suggestive of coronary vasospasm following a centipede envenomation. A 60-year-old man presented to the emergency department (ED) 1 hour after being stung by a 12-cm centipede. He complained of right great toe pain that did not radiate to his leg. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
August 2004
2 Reads

Centipede envenomation.

Wilderness Environ Med 2001 ;12(2):93-9

Department of Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, CA 92354, USA.

Five episodes of envenomation by centipedes in 2 patients are reported. These arthropods are fast-moving, frightening in appearance to some, and may display aggressive behavior. However, stings from these centipedes, like most found worldwide, caused no serious morbidity or mortality. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
July 2001
3 Reads

Centipede (Scolopendra gigantea Linneaus 1758) envenomation in a newborn.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2000 Nov-Dec;42(6):341-2

Tropical Medicine Institute, Universidad Central de Venezuela.

The first case of centipede (Scolopendra gigantea Linneaus 1758) envenomation in a newborn is reported. When first examined, approximately 6 hours after the bite, the 28-day-old girl was irritable, with uncontrollable cry and intense local pain, oedema, local hyperthermia, and blood clots at punctures. Uncontrollable crying in neonates should rise the possibility of an insect or arachnid sting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
December 2001
6 Reads
  • Page 1 of 1