1,624 results match your criteria Cent. Eur. J. Public Health[Journal]


Paediatrics in Theresienstadt ghetto.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):155-160

Faculty of Education, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic.

The main objective of this study is to describe the most common childhood diseases occurring in the Theresienstadt ghetto during the Second World War as well as applied anti-epidemic measures. A partial objective is to describe medical and nursing care of sick child prisoners. The data was obtained by the method of synthesis of primary and secondary data with the highest importance after adequate external source criticism using selected monographs, memoirs, survivor diaries, Orders of the day by the Council of the Elders and Reports of the Jewish self-government of the Theresienstadt ghetto from 1941 to 1945, the Archives of the Jewish Museum in Prague, the Ghetto Museum, the Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw, Post Bellum online electronic collection of oral historical interviews, and witness accounts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5557DOI Listing

Social adaptation status of Syrian refugee physicians living in Turkey.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):149-154

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Since the beginning of the civil war in Syria, over 3.5 million Syrians have fled to Turkey. Considering the massive burden of healthcare service needs of this population, the Turkish government has launched an initiative as employing Syrian doctors to provide health services to their citizens in Refugee Health Centres. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5955DOI Listing

Reproductive health of Roma women in Slovakia.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):143-148

Regional Authority of Public Health, Banska Bystrica, Slovakia.

Objective: In most indicators of the way of life, the Roma community is generally different from the majority population and dominant culture. The objective of the study was to describe factors affecting the health of the Roma living in Slovakia, with an emphasis on the sexual and reproductive health of Roma women, and report on the results of analysis of high-risk pregnancies of Roma women in the district of Rimavská Sobota, Slovakia.

Methods: A retrospective study of medical documentation was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5817DOI Listing

Changing of risk factors related to diarrhoea among children aged under 5 within ten years in Turkey.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 06;28(2):135-142

Department of Public Health, Near East University Faculty of Medicine, Lefkosa, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors of childhood diarrhoea in Turkey throughout Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 1998 and 2008 data.

Methods: This study is a further analysis of the database of children under 5 years of age from the Turkey Demographic and Health Survey. Binomial logistic regression and Chi square analysis were used by weighted data of Turkey Demographic and Health Surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5288DOI Listing

Vaccination rates for Syrian population under temporary protection in Turkey.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):130-134

Directorate General of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to gather information on demographic and health indicators, primarily vaccination status, of Syrians under temporary protection in five provinces of Turkey and to develop infrastructure for vaccination planning.

Methods: The population under study consists of 89,986 Syrian children, 0-4 years of age, residing in Ankara, Mersin, Gaziantep, Izmir, and Bursa. Initially, we planned to evaluate 2,339 children, although a total of 2,827 children were evaluated by the end of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5543DOI Listing
June 2020
0.798 Impact Factor

Women's knowledge and beliefs towards vaccination for influenza during pregnancy in Turkey and underlying factors of misinformation: a single-centre cross-sectional study.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):124-129

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kirikhan State Hospital, Hatay, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions of the pregnant women presenting to our hospital for seasonal vaccination for influenza and to determine the factors associated with it.

Method: In this cross-sectional study pregnant woman presenting to our hospital between October 2018 and March 2019 were evaluated. A non-validated, well-detailed questionnaire addressing the vaccination rates, participants' perceptions about the facts behind the vaccination for influenza and the factors associated with refusal of vaccination was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5907DOI Listing

Is population's cardiorespiratory fitness really declining?

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):120-123

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Objective: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is defined as the capacity of the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems to meet the oxygen demands of the body during physical work. Poor CRF is connected with a higher risk for the development of various noninfectious diseases such as cardiovascular disease or malignancies. The standard test for the assessment of CRF is exercise testing with the measurement of maximal oxygen consumption (VO max). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5912DOI Listing

Analysis of incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and evaluation of their control in epidemiological survey in the Czech Republic.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):114-119

Third Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, First Medical Faculty, Charles University, General Faculty Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: The aim of this analysis was to analyze the presence of the most important cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and to discuss patterns of LDL cholesterol management in the population studied.

Methods: We enrolled 961 males, average age of 42.9 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5730DOI Listing

Experiences and needs of licensed health risk assessors conducting health impact assessment in the Czech Republic.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):108-113

Faculty of Health Studies, Technical University of Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic.

Objective: The main aim of this study is to discover and analyse the utilization of health impact assessment (HIA) among HIA certificate holders, and to ascertain their opinions on the current situation in the Czech Republic and on the possible future nationwide implementation of health impact assessment.

Methods: The target group of the research was identified as holders of professional competence certificates in the field of public health impact assessment. A structured questionnaire was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5833DOI Listing

Impact of oral hygiene instructions on plaque index in adolescents.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):103-107

Department of Endodontics and Restorative Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Objective: The objective of the study, which consisted of a motivational lecture and hands-on training, was to evaluate the role of oral hygiene education for adolescents.

Methods: The study population included sixty-two high school students between fourteen and fifteen years of age (thirty males and thirty-two females). The response rate was 76. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5066DOI Listing

Desert on the menu? What children are served in German full-service restaurants.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):87-93

Mannheim Institute for Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Objectives: Prevalence of obesity and overweight among children is rising worldwide. Thus, the importance of restaurants as food environments is also growing. Considering these developments, the present study describes and evaluates menus and meals offered to children in German full-service restaurants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5878DOI Listing

Relationship between consumption of soft and alcoholic drinks and oral health problems.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):94-102

Department of Health Policy, School of Health Sciences in Bytom, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Bytom, Poland.

Objectives: Oral health can affect quality of life in all course of life, which is a key factor of general health. Dental caries, periodontitis and oral cancer are of the highest burden of oral diseases. Rising prevalence of soft drinks and alcoholic beverages consumption due to easy access and socio-demographic altering has increased the concerns on oral health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5745DOI Listing

Can wearing face masks in public affect transmission route and viral load in COVID-19?

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Jun;28(2):161-162

Department of Immunology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic.

The mandatory face mask wearing was implemented in the Czech Republic and Slovakia shortly after the COVID-19 outbreak in Central Europe. So far, the number of COVID-19-associated deaths per 100,000 individuals is far lower in these countries as compared with other neighbouring or close countries. The use of face masks in public may not protect the general public from contracting the virus, however, presumptively decreases the viral load and contributes to a favourable clinical outcome in COVID-19 disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a6290DOI Listing

State of knowledge about information sources and health care centres for rare diseases among affected people in Germany.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):82-84

Department of Oral, Maxillofacial and Facial Surgery, University Hospital Munster, Munster, Germany.

Objectives: About four million people are affected by rare diseases in Germany and 30 million in the EU. In 2013, a national action plan for people with rare diseases was adopted in Germany which is also aimed at improving the information situation and better gathering of information for affected patients and their families. Since then, various sources of information and medical care structures have been made available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5652DOI Listing

Psychosocial impacts among adolescents disengaged from Colombian illegal armed groups and challenges to their attention.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):79-81

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Objectives: Our study focused on the impacts on health among adolescents who became members of illegal armed groups in Colombia and their attention within the specialized government programme as seen by the professionals who work directly with them. Previous research indicates that those victims of armed violence are usually highly affected on their emotional and social health, but with appropriate and timely support more serious mental health problems can be prevented. Therefore, the care provided to them should be based on broader and holistic approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a6053DOI Listing

Microbial contamination and infection risks of narghile besides hazards of tobacco.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):74-78

Objective: Water-pipe smoking has become a serious public health threat worldwide. In order to raise awareness of adverse effects and transmission of bacteria via water-pipe smoking, we aimed to identify the bacteria and their antimicrobial resistance profiles that colonize different parts of waterpipes.

Methods: We examined totally 182 water pipes from 7 lounges (in Turkey) used in public places and we collected 728 culture samples in total by microbiological methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5814DOI Listing

Seroprevalence of hepatitis E among hospitalized patients in Slovakia: first report.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):70-73

Objective: Hepatitis E infection is one of the most frequent acute hepatitis in the world. Currently five human genotypes with different geographical distributions and distinct epidemiologic patterns are identified. In Slovakia, only rare cases of hepatitis E have been reported in recent years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5346DOI Listing

Epidemiological study on more accurate diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):65-69

Faculty of Health Sciences, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Objective: The study aimed at assessing the potential benefit of prostate health index (PHI) for early detection of prostate cancer (PCa) and the use of PHI as a marker predicting the presence of PCa before performing prostate biopsy.

Methods: The study comprised 55 males who underwent prostate biopsy. Before the procedure, blood samples were collected to test prostate specific antigen (PSA) and free/total PSA ratio (%fPSA) and PHI was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5720DOI Listing

Lung cancer incidence and mortality in Split-Dalmatia County, 2003-2012.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):59-64

Teaching Public Health Institutes of Split and Dalmatian County, Split, Croatia.

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze indicators on lung cancer (C33-C34, ICD-10) in Split-Dalmatia County in the period 2003-2012.

Methods: Data on lung cancer occurrence for the period 2003-2012 were obtained from the Croatian National Cancer Registry, while mortality data were obtained from electronic database of the Teaching Public Health Institute of Split-Dalmatia County. Croatian census 2011 and population estimates of the Central Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Croatia were used to calculate the indicators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a4993DOI Listing

Impact of smoking on metabolic changes and effectiveness of drugs used for lung cancer.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):53-58

Department of Pharmacology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: This article reviews the published studies dealing with the influence of cigarette smoking on metabolic changes and effectiveness of drugs used in the systemic chemotherapy of the lung cancer.

Methods: The literature search of interactions between cigarette smoking and drugs used for lung cancer was carried out. The abstracted data mostly involved some induction of key drug-metabolizing enzymes of cytochrome CYP1A1/2, CYP2D6, CYP3A4 and isoforms of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5620DOI Listing

Increasing incidence of tuberculosis diagnosed by surgery: a single centre analysis in low-incidence country.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):48-52

Department of Surgery, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Central Military Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of thoracic tuberculosis (TB) in patients who underwent surgery for indeterminate lung nodules, mass and pleural effusions.

Methods: A monocentric retrospective study was carried out from 2012 to 2018 in a high-volume thoracic surgery centre. All patients with finding of thoracic TB within surgery and/or confirmed post-surgery were studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5789DOI Listing

Incidence of spontaneous abortions and congenital anomalies in the vicinity of a uranium processing plant.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):44-47

Institute of Radiology, Toxicology, and Civil Protection, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic.

Objectives: The exposure of embryos or foetuses to ionising radiation can cause serious detriments to health. Thus, an enhanced incidence of spontaneous abortions and congenital anomalies might be expected in the vicinity of a uranium processing plant. We analysed the situation in the vicinity of MAPE Mydlovary, a facility about 20 km from České Budějovice, South Bohemia, Czech Republic, which was in operation from 1963 to 1992. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a4977DOI Listing

Exposure to mercury from dental amalgam: actual contribution for risk assessment.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):40-43

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Charles University and University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.

Objective: Mercury dental amalgam restorations are an important source of chronic exposure to mercury in the whole population and special attention should be paid not only to occupational exposure to mercury during the preparation and administration of amalgam. The authors' report is an up-to-date contribution to the health risk assessment of mercury use in dentistry, namely occupational exposure to mercury in dentists working with dental amalgam and exposure to mercury in persons treated with amalgam dental restorations.

Methods: Determination of total mercury in samples of biological material (urine, hair) was performed during 2017 and 2018 in 50 persons by the AAS method using the mercury vapour generation technique at 254. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5965DOI Listing

Environmental characteristics of older people attending physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinics.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):33-39

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Objective: A residential environment refers to the physical and social characteristics in a neighbourhood. The physical characteristics include interior housing qualities, exterior neighbourhood characteristics, and the accessibility of essential facilities and services outside the neighbourhood. Older adults especially may be vulnerable to the negative impacts of the residential environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5194DOI Listing
March 2020
0.798 Impact Factor

Energy, macronutrients and dietary fibre intake among adults in North Macedonia.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):24-32

Capacity Development Network in Nutrition in Central and Eastern Europe, CAPNUTRA, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: The present research aimed to estimate macronutrients intake among adults in North Macedonia and to identify their predominant food sources.

Methods: Within this cross-sectional study dietary data were collected using repeated 24h recall interviews. Nationwide, adults aged 18+ were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5345DOI Listing

Early intervention and identification of gambling disorder: a systematic literature review of strategies implemented by gambling operators.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):18-23

National Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Addiction, Office of the Government of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: Recent developments in online lotteries and betting and in digitalization of land-based gambling devices bring new opportunities to track behaviour of individual players and to identify and address developing problem in its initial stages. Early identification of gambling disorder allows for timely intervention and increases the likelihood of successful recovery and minimises harms. Our review aims to examine what on-site strategies are available in both online and offline gambling venues to early identify and address the developing gambling problem while also assessing their effectiveness and strength of the evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5849DOI Listing

Smoking prevalence and desire to quit among employees in Transylvanian foster care homes.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):13-17

Department of Implementation Science, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.

Objectives: Few studies have investigated smoking habits among foster care home children and employees, who are at high risk for smoking. Additionally, there are no published studies on the intention to quit smoking among employees of the Romanian Child Protection system, a gap we address in this manuscript.

Methods: A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted among foster care employees in three Transylvanian counties (Mures, Sibiu, Covasna) in January 2014 to February 2015 (baseline) and September-December 2016 (follow-up). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5724DOI Listing

Risky sexual behaviour and contraceptive use among young women in the Czech Republic.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2020 Mar;28(1):3-12

Centre of Outpatient Gynaecology and Primary Care, Brno, Czech Republic.

Objective: This study aimed to obtain sexual and reproductive behaviour data of late adolescent women in the Czech Republic and to analyse the relationships between sexual behaviour and social, demographic, and behavioural factors.

Methods: Data were obtained using the Computer-Assisted Web Interviewing method from 25 April to 2 May 2018 from a representative group of sexually active women aged 18-24 years. Results were statistically evaluated using sign schema on adjusted residuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5823DOI Listing

The presence of multidrug-resistant staphylococcal isolates outside of a major hospital in London, United Kingdom.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):340-344

School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Objective: Drug-resistant staphylococci have been a growing threat to the community and hospitals due to the misuse of antibiotics by humans, industrialisation and lack of novel antimicrobials currently available. Little is known about the prevalence of drug-resistant staphylococci in non-healthcare environments outside hospitals in the London area. Staphylococci can spread via contact with contaminated objects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5000DOI Listing
December 2019

Microbiome and diversity indices during blood stem cells transplantation - new perspectives?

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):335-339

Department of Advanced Technology, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Trieste, Italy.

Objective: The human body is colonized by bacteria, fungi and viruses. Resident commensal bacteria are a fundamental line of resistance to colonization by exogenous microbes. They actively regulate the production of nutrients by the host through a negative feedback mechanism, in order to prevent the availability of nutrients for potential pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5393DOI Listing
December 2019

Screening of opportunistic Encephalitozoon intestinalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in immunocompromised patients in Slovakia.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):330-334

Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Safarik University in Kosice, Slovak Republic.

Objective: In recent years new infectious diseases, i.e. emerging or re-emerging diseases, have been coming to the forefront. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5407DOI Listing
December 2019

Prevalence of internet addiction among medical students: a study from Southwestern Iran.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):326-329

Education Development Centre, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Objective: In today's world, despite the numerous benefits, increasing demand for computer technology and the influence of widespread internet technology, many people, especially students, have faced impaired mental health and social relationships resulting from internet addiction; therefore, with regard to the contradictory results of preceding studies in the field of internet addiction, this study was designed to determine the prevalence of internet addiction in students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on all students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. For data collection questionnaire and demographic profile of internet addiction test was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5171DOI Listing
December 2019

Measuring functional health literacy in Hungary: Validation of S-TOFHLA and Chew screening questions.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):320-325

Institute of Psychology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Objectives: The first efforts to measure health literacy have recently started in Hungary, thus there remains a need for tools that can be effectively used in the clinical setting. The goal of the present study was two-fold: to validate tools for measuring functional health literacy in Hungary using the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy (S-TOFHLA) and the Chew screening measure, and to provide an overview of the health literacy level of the Hungarian population.

Methods: The original English versions of both instruments were translated following the principles of cultural adaptation and standardized translation methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a4885DOI Listing
December 2019

In vivo assessment of genotoxicity in buccal cells of children undergoing tooth restoration.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):312-319

Study of Dental Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Split, Split, Croatia.

Objectives: Whereas dental materials came in direct or close contact with oral tissue, it is a great concern about the biocompatibility of those materials. This study was performed to evaluate possible DNA damage to buccal cells exposed to dental materials.

Methods: This prospective, longitudinal clinical study was conducted over a three months period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5216DOI Listing
December 2019

Relation between personal exposure and outdoor concentrations of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during smog episode.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):305-311

Institute of Experimental Medicine, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objectives: To our knowledge this is the first study measuring personal exposure to carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (cPAHs) bound to airborne particulate matter ≤ 2.5 µm (PM) in periods of high air pollution (smog episode) in which citizen were tracked.

Methods: Measurements were performed in industrial regions of the Czech Republic: Ostrava, Karviná, Havířov. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5475DOI Listing
December 2019

Occupational diseases in the automotive industry from medical and geographic viewpoints - comparison between the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):296-304

National Institute of Public Health, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the occurrence of occupational diseases (ODs) in the automotive industry in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic and to analyze their determinants.

Methods: The aggregated and anonymized data on ODs from the period 2001-2017 were used. A questionnaire survey was conducted in the Czech Republic (response rate 70. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5848DOI Listing
December 2019

Hospital infection control and behaviour of operating room staff.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):292-295

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Objectives: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a frequent complication of surgical procedures and one of the most common forms of hospital acquired infection (HAI). National/international guidelines and recommendations have been issued for prevention. The objective of this study was to observe the behaviour of healthcare workers engaged in surgical procedures and hence assess compliance with SSI guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a4932DOI Listing
December 2019

Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae co-infections among patients with newly diagnosed syphilis: a single-centre, cross-sectional study.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):285-291

Department of Dermatovenerology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Na Bulovce Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae co-infections among patients with newly diagnosed syphilis.

Methods: In patients with any stage of newly diagnosed syphilis swabs were performed from urethra, rectum, pharynx and cervix according to the gender and type of sexual intercourse. From these smears standard validated nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections were done. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5142DOI Listing
December 2019

Cystic fibrosis and career counselling.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):279-284

University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Clinical Institute for Occupational, Traffic and Sports Medicine, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Objective: Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects mostly lungs but also other organs. Modern treatment has transformed once fatal disease of childhood into the chronic disease of adulthood. Hence more patients enter the job market. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5634DOI Listing
December 2019

Body mass index and other risk factors for kidney cancer in men: a cohort study in Lithuania.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):272-278

Laboratory of Population Studies, Institute of Cardiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Objectives: Previous studies have observed notable unexplained geographic differences in incidence of kidney cancer in Europe. Lithuania is among the countries with the highest incidence and mortality. Our objective was to investigate the effect of different lifestyle, anthropometric and biological factors on the risk of kidney cancer in Lithuanian men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5080DOI Listing
December 2019

Family history and cord blood eosinophil count as predictors for atopic manifestations.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(4):267-271

School of Medicine, University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia.

Objectives: The aim of our study was to investigate the correlation between several clinical parameters and the appearance of atopic manifestations (atopic eczema, food allergy, wheezing bronchitis, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis) in the first four years of life.

Methods: A total of 139 unselected full-term newborns were included in a prospective follow up from birth to age 4. Cord blood total immunoglobulin E (cIgE) and cord blood absolute eosinophil count (cEo), positive family history of allergy, maternal smoking during pregnancy, mode of delivery, and duration of exclusive and overall breastfeeding were evaluated as predictors for appearance of atopic manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5601DOI Listing
December 2019

Alcohol Use in the Czech Republic – Joint Statement of the Society for Addiction Medicine of the J. E. Purkyně Czech Medical Association and the Czech Society of Cardiology

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(Suppl):S3-S5

Institute of Medical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnostic, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5972DOI Listing
December 2019

National Addiction-specific Institutional Infrastructure - fundamental prerequisite for successful implementation of specialized academic degree study programmes: a case study in historical perspective.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 Dec;27(Supplement):S83-S91

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: Human resources are crucial for addiction treatment and prevention services, as well as for science and research. The aim of this historical case study is to explain and demonstrate the role of specialized university academic degree study programmes in addictions in the context of a national institutional infrastructure. This specific group of very highly specialized academic programmes represents the highest level of professional development and is producing a totally new generation of addiction specialists with a very distinctive professional identity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5980DOI Listing
December 2019

Incorporation of Universal Prevention Curriculum into established academic degree study programme: qualitative process evaluation.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 Dec;27(Supplement):S74-S82

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: Comprehensive bachelor's, master's, and doctorate-level curricula of Addiction Studies (Addictology) were developed and implemented at Charles University (First Faculty of Medicine) between 2003 and 2012. This Prague model combines three evidence-based approaches to addressing substance use - prevention, treatment, and public health - into a balanced professionalised discipline. Graduates from this programme are licensed by the State Authority as addictology, a regulated profession in the Czech Republic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5952DOI Listing
December 2019

Media portrayal of alcohol does not match its real harm effects in the Czech Republic.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 Dec;27(Supplement):S66-S73

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objectives: The Czech Republic ranks among countries with the highest alcohol consumption per capita. Several older studies discuss Czech media portrayal of health effects of alcohol, but we found no recent analysis of media portrayal of harms caused by alcohol consumption. Our analysis aims to fill this gap in. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5826DOI Listing
December 2019

First alcohol treatment institutions in today's Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 Dec;27(Supplement):S55-S65

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: Drawing on qualitative analysis of selected historical documents, the paper seeks to provide a definition of the general characteristics of the first institutional alcohol treatment facilities in today's Czech Republic and Slovakia, taking into account the historical context of the first half of the 20th century. An additional aim was to point out the importance of archival research and its contribution to understand the determinants of alcohol-related agenda and alcohol treatment.

Methods: The basic data platform was generated by analysis of historical documents pertaining to the subject matter under study and to institutional processes in different periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5812DOI Listing
December 2019

Spatial analysis of alcohol-related mortality in Slovakia.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 Dec;27(Supplement):S48-S54

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between alcohol-related mortality in Slovak regions, as represented by Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) III level.

Methods: We used data from mortality reports spanning 1996-2017 in the Slovak Republic. Data was provided by the National Health Information Centre in Slovakia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5766DOI Listing
December 2019

Age-gender mortality study on alcohol-induced deaths in Slovakia.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 Dec;27(Supplement):S40-S47

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objective: Alcohol use is one of the ten most common risk factors threatening global health that is avoidable (ranked fifth after smoking). It is involved in high rates of liver cirrhosis, epilepsy, hypertension, cerebrovascular and mental illness. Negative consequences of family and social drinking are also very significant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5765DOI Listing
December 2019

Public health response to methanol mass poisoning in the Czech Republic in 2012: a case study.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 Dec;27(Supplement):S29-S39

Department of Addictology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objectives: The study focuses on the 2012 methanol outbreak in the Czech Republic. The main goal of the present study was to apply analytical and descriptive tools to selected qualitative and quantitative processes related to the 2012 methanol outbreak in the Czech Republic. The secondary goal was to study and evaluate in detail their potential for creating integrated conceptual national policies aimed at eliminating the risk of methanol poisoning in the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5764DOI Listing
December 2019

Alcohol use and its consequences in the Czech Republic.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2019 12;27(27 Suppl):S15-S28

Centre for Epidemiological and Clinical Research on Addictions, National Institute of Mental Health, Klecany, Czech Republic.

Objective: Alcohol consumption is associated with substantial public health burden. This article summarises available information on the patterns and prevalence of alcohol use in the Czech Republic with a focus on the heavy alcohol use and its health and social consequences.

Methods: A non-systematic literature review was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21101/cejph.a5728DOI Listing
December 2019