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    241 results match your criteria Cellulitis Preseptal

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    Interhemispheric and Infratentorial Subdural Empyema with Preseptal Cellulitis as Complications of Sinusitis: A Case Report.
    Pediatr Neurosurg 2017 Nov 11. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Kanudjoso Djatiwibowo Hospital, Balikpapan, Indonesia.
    Intracranial complications of paranasal sinusitis have become rare due to the use of antibiotics nowadays. However, several cases have been reported due the ability of paranasal sinusitis to cause serious complications. Once the infection spreads over the cranial structure, it could infect the orbits, underlying bones, meninges, adjacent veins, and brain. Read More

    Ultrasound evaluation of normal orbital preseptal thickness.
    Nepal J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan;9(18):56-59
    Introduction: Orbital preseptal thickness is an important parameter not only in diagnosis of orbital cellulitis but also in recent classification and management of dark eye circle (DEC).

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate normal preseptal thickness and collect baseline data in normal skin in a given population with no orbital pathology.

    Materials & Method: Ultrasound was performed on 42 patients (23 females and 19 males) with clinically normal eyes and orbits for evaluation of normal orbital preseptal thickness. Read More

    Orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis in Taiwan, 1988 through 2015: Acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, and management.
    PLoS One 2017 3;12(10):e0184477. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Purpose: Paranasal sinusitis is widespread and can lead to orbital complications, blindness, and death. However, the correlation between ophthalmological findings and disease staging remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the staging, acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis during a 27-year period. Read More

    Periorbital Necrotizing Fasciitis Induced by Streptococcus pyogenes: A Case Report and Clarification.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Sep 11. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Head of Department and Professor, Division of Stomatology, Maxillo-Facial and Plastic Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Pierre Bénite, France.
    Periorbital necrotizing fasciitis (PONF) is a rare condition of the face. PONF can lead to blindness, functional and esthetic sequelae, multiple-organ failure, and death. The aim of this report is to raise the awareness of this severe condition in maxillofacial surgeons. Read More

    Clinical Outcome of Probing in Infants with Acute Dacryocystitis - A Prospective Study.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Aug 1;11(8):NC01-NC03. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Professor and Head, Department of Ophthalmology, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India.
    Introduction: Acute dacryocystitis is an uncommon but serious condition in infants and needs immediate treatment. Although, medical management with systemic antibiotics remains the mainstay of initial treatment, there are recent studies justifying simultaneous Naso Lacrimal Duct (NLD) probing with acceptable success rate.

    Aim: To assess the success rate of probing in the management of infantile acute dacryocystitis and to analyse the factors affecting it. Read More

    Bilateral Subperiosteal Hematoma and Orbital Compression Syndrome in Sickle Cell Disease.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Nov;28(8):e775-e776
    *Şehit Kamil State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, G.Antep †Department of Ophthalmology ‡Division of Pediatric Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University §Mersin State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, Mersin, Turkey.
    A 14-year-old boy with sickle cell disease presented with preseptal cellulitis findings as proptosis, eyelid edema, and hyperemia. His best corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 20/20 and 16/20 in the left eye. He had limited ductions in vertical and lateral gazes in both eyes. Read More

    [Diagnosis and treatment of orbital cellulitis].
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2017 ;161(0):D1342
    Academisch Medisch Centrum, Amsterdam.
    Orbital cellulitis is a rare disease usually caused by sinusitis. Generally, the prognosis of both preseptal cellulitis and orbital cellulitis is favourable. Radiological distinction should be made between an orbital abscess and subperiosteal empyema. Read More

    Vit D deficiency is a possible risk factor in ARS.
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep 12;274(9):3391-3395. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Bakırköy Dr.Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Zuhuratbaba Mah. Tevfik Sağlam Cad. No: 11, Bakırköy, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Vitamin D deficiency is effective in the development of acute rhinosinusitis and prolongation of inflammation by increasing inflammation in the sinonasal epithelium. Vitamin D deficiency is important in the development of bone barriers that prevent the complication of acute rhinosinusitis. Although Vitamin D levels may be a variable risk factor for various respiratory tract disorders, there are limited data on the role in sinonasal infections. Read More

    Are We Over-Treating Insect Bite Related Periorbital Cellulitis in Children? The Experience of a Large, Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital.
    Am J Ther 2017 Apr 25. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    1Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Dana-Dwek Children Hospital, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; 2Divisions of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Canada; and 3Division of Pediatrics, Dana-Dwek Children Hospital, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Introduction: Preseptal (periorbital) and orbital cellulitis are potentially catastrophic infections near the eye. Preseptal cellulitis is far more common, and although classically reported to be associated with dacrocystitis, sinusitis/upper respiratory infection, trauma/surgery, or infection from contiguous areas, it can also be associated with insect bites. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of insect bite-associated preseptal cellulitis and to compare clinical findings and outcomes of these patients with those having other causes for the condition. Read More

    Management of orbital cellulitis and subperiosteal orbital abscess in pediatric patients: A ten-year review.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 May 6;96:72-76. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:
    Objective: Pediatric periorbital cellulitis represents a common disease complicating a nasal infection.

    Methods: A ten-year retrospective review of fifty-seven children admitted to our institution with the diagnosis of periorbital cellulitis as a complication of sinus infections was carried out.

    Results: The age varied from one month to eleven years (mean 3. Read More

    Minimally Invasive Surgery for Pott's Puffy Tumor: Is It Time for a Paradigm Shift in Managing a 250-Year-Old Problem?
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2017 Jun 4;126(6):433-437. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    1 Skull Base Unit, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to review the clinical outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in the management of Pott's puffy tumor (PPT).

    Methods: Literature PubMed review using a combination of MeSH terms and keywords was undertaken, combined with a single surgeon case series of 3 patients.

    Results: A total of 29 (20 males, median age 25 years) cases were reviewed. Read More

    Periocular necrotizing fasciitis in an infant.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 11. Epub 2017 Mar 11.
    Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:
    Periocular necrotizing fasciitis developed in a 12-month-old boy with swelling of both eyes and redness and a discharge from the left eye approximately 36 hours after blunt trauma. Computed tomography revealed preseptal and soft-tissue edema on the left side, but no signs of orbital involvement, orbital fractures, or drainable abscess in the anterior left lower eyelid. The inflammatory signs worsened over the next day, and there was purulent discharge from the left lower eyelid and an abscess and necrosis of the lower eyelid skin. Read More

    MIRAgel Buckle Extrusion With Preseptal Cellulitis and Erosion Through the Eyelid Skin.
    Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2016 Dec;47(12):1147-1150
    MIRAgel (MIRA, Waltham, MA) scleral buckle material was initially developed in the 1980s as an alternative to more traditional silicone buckles. Long-term follow-up has demonstrated complications necessitating removal due to unanticipated hydrolytic degeneration of the exoplant. Material expansion and fragmentation have led to pain, limited extraocular motility, ocular masses, infection, and eventual extrusion. Read More

    Most preschool children hospitalised for acute rhinosinusitis had orbital complications, more common in the youngest and among boys.
    Acta Paediatr 2017 Feb 24;106(2):268-273. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Sach's Children and Youth Hospital, South General Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Aim: This study established the incidence of acute rhinosinusitis and related orbital complications in tertiary care in Stockholm County and surveyed the clinical outcomes.

    Methods: This was a population-based, retrospective, observational study, from July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2007, of the hospital admissions records of 213 children up to five years old, with a diagnosis of sinusitis and related complications.

    Results: Preseptal cellulitis was present in 171 of the 213 admissions, which equated to an incidence of orbital complications due to acute rhinosinusitis of 36 per 100 000 people per year (95% confidence interval 26-49). Read More

    A 10-Year Review of Ocular Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections: Epidemiology, Clinical Features, and Treatment.
    Cornea 2017 Jan;36(1):92-97
    *Hong Kong Eye Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China; †Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China; Departments of §Ophthalmology; and ¶Pathology, Tseung Kwan O Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China; ‖Department of Pathology, United Christian Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, China; and **Department of Ophthalmology, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.
    Purpose: To characterize epidemiological data on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ocular infections over a 10-year period in Hong Kong; to compare the characteristics between hospital-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (h-MRSA) and community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) ocular infections; and to review the treatment regimen and outcome of identified cases.

    Methods: A retrospective case review of ocular samples testing positive for MRSA at a tertiary eye center from July 2005 to June 2015 was performed.

    Results: Ninety nonduplicative samples from 75 patients with ocular MRSA infection were included during the study period. Read More

    Clinical Presentation and Bacteriology of Eyebrow Infections: The Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Experience (2008-2015).
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Sep/Oct;33(5):372-375
    *Transitional Year Program, St. Joseph's Hospital Health Center, Syracuse, New York, U.S.A.; †Department of Ophthalmology, and ‡Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
    Purpose: This study retrospectively reviews preseptal cellulitis and abscesses involving the eyebrow to elucidate the bacteriology and potential causative factors.

    Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who had been diagnosed with preseptal cellulitis or abscess involving the eyebrow at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary between 2008 and 2015. Demographic, clinical, and microbiological data were collected. Read More

    [Orbital and periorbital cellulitis in children. Epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic aspects and course].
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2016 Sep 30;39(7):609-14. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
    Service de pédiatrie A, hôpital Mère-Enfant, CHU Mohamed VI, avenue Ibn Sina Ammerchich, BP 2360, 40000 Marrakech, Maroc.
    Orbital cellulitis in children is a rare but potentially serious condition. The goal of this study is to analyze the epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic aspects and typical course of orbital and periorbital cellulitis in children, so as to propose a clinical management protocol adapted to our context. During the retrospective study period (2008-2014), 28 cases were hospitalized in the pediatric department at the Mohammed VI university medical center in Marrakech. Read More

    Orbital Cysticercosis - masquerading as preseptal cellulitis with ptosis.
    Nepal J Ophthalmol 2015 Jul;7(14):206-8
    We are sharing a case of orbital cysticercosis,which presented to us initially with simple ptosis and later on with upper lid inflammation and restricted ocular motility in upgaze. Human cysticercosis, a parasitic infection caused by Cysticercus cellulosae, the larval form of the cestode, Taenia solium, is a benign infection of the subcutaneous tissues, inter-muscular fascia, muscles and other organs. Though it exists worldwide, it is more prevalent in the developing countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa, especially in areas where under-cooked pork is consumed regularly (Pushker et al, 2001). Read More

    Periorbital Dirofilariasis: A Rare Case from Western India.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Mar 1;10(3):OD12-4. Epub 2016 Mar 1.
    Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College , Dhanakawadi, Pune, India .
    Dirofilariasis is a zoonotic disease caused commonly by Dirofilaria repens and Dirofilaria immitus. The definitive hosts are domestic dogs and cats. Human beings are accidental dead end hosts, and acquire infestation through mosquito bites. Read More

    Pott Puffy Tumor in Children: A Rare Emergency Clinical Entity.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 May;27(3):e313-6
    *Department of Pediatric Radiology†Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey.
    Objectives: Pott puffy tumor (PPT) is defined as soft tissue swelling of the forehead due to subperiosteal edema, accumulation of pus, or granulation tissue. It is associated with osteomyelitis of frontal bone secondary to frontal sinusitis. Pott puffy tumor can be complicated by preseptal and orbital cellulitis and intracranial infection. Read More

    Histopathologic features in a case of hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2015 Dec;6(Suppl 1):S33-6
    Department of Pathology, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
    We describe a case of Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD) also known as Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D Syndrome (HIDS) presenting as a Sweet-like syndrome in a 5-week-old with multiple erythematous plaques, fever, aseptic meningitis, and bronchiolitis. The locations of the predominant plaques were periumbilical and periocular, which originally prompted concern for omphalitis and preseptal cellulitis. Histopathology demonstrated a neutrophilic and histiocytic dermatitis with prominent squamous syringometaplasia and leukocytoclasis in the absence of a vasculitis. Read More

    Preseptal Cellulitis Or Orbital Cellulitis?
    West Indian Med J 2015 Jun 29;65(2):304-307. Epub 2015 Jun 29.
    Eye Department, Falkirk Community Hospital, Falkirk, FK1 5QE, United Kingdom.
    Preseptal cellulitis and orbital cellulitis can both present with increasing swelling, tenderness and redness around the eye, but their management differs. Preseptal cellulitis is more common and much less aggressive than orbital cellulitis. In contrast, orbital cellulitis is a medical emergency requiring urgent management. Read More

    Glabellar dermoid cyst: A case presentation.
    Ophthalmic Genet 2016 Sep 17;37(3):331-2. Epub 2016 Feb 17.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Bolu Gerede State Hospital , Gerede-Bolu , Turkey.
    Dermoid cysts are one of the most common non-inflammatory space-occupying orbital lesions in the pediatric population. They are ectodermal cysts which may contain squamous epithelium with dermal contents such as skin, hair follicles, sebaceous glands, or sweat glands. Dermoid cyts are often innocent, however complications such as inflammation of the fistula or preseptal cellulitis are occasionally seen. Read More

    Hereditary angioedema type 2 presented as an orbital complication of acute rhinosinusitis.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Mar 8;82:16-8. Epub 2016 Jan 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey.
    Hereditary angioedema is an autosomal dominant and life-threatening disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of non-pitting edema affecting the skin, respiratory system and digestive tracts and caused by a congenital deficiency or function defect of the C1 esterase inhibitor. Preseptal cellulitis is defined as an infection of the tissues of the anterior orbital septum. It is generally caused by complications from an upper respiratory tract infection, dacryocystitis, dermal infection, and, rarely, sinusitis. Read More

    Periocular dirofilariasis: A case series.
    Orbit 2016 28;35(2):100-2. Epub 2016 Jan 28.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Faller Muller Medical College Hospital , Kankanady , Mangalore , India.
    Objective: To cite a series of patients presenting with complaints of a lid swelling associated with preseptal cellulitis.

    Methods: Three patients on three different occasions came with complaints of a unilateral lid swelling associated with preseptal cellulitis. Examination showed palpable mass in the upper eyelid localized, firm in consistency and was freely mobile and occasionally disappeared during palpation. Read More

    Lacrimal gland abscess presenting with preseptal cellulitis depicted on CT.
    J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2016 Dec 12;6(1). Epub 2016 Jan 12.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: Pyogenic lacrimal gland abscesses are uncommon and thus may not be immediately clinically recognized without a high index of suspicion.

    Findings: We present two patients with preseptal cellulitis and characteristic low-attenuation fluid collections in the lacrimal glands demonstrated on computed tomography (CT).

    Conclusions: Lacrimal gland abscesses should be considered when dacryoadenitis is refractory to medical treatment. Read More

    Hospital cost of pediatric patients with complicated acute sinusitis.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Jan 24;80:17-20. Epub 2015 Nov 24.
    Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, United States. Electronic address:
    Objective: Review costs for pediatric patients with complicated acute sinusitis.

    Methods: A retrospective case series of patients in a pediatric hospital was created to determine hospital costs using a standardized activity-based accounting system for inpatient treatment between November 2010 and December 2014. Children less than 18 years of age who were admitted for complicated acute sinusitis were included in the study. Read More

    [Management of Orbital Complications].
    Laryngorhinootologie 2015 Dec 26;94(12):819-26. Epub 2015 Aug 26.
    Klinik für Hals-, Nasen- und Ohrenheilkunde, Kopf- und Halschirurgie, Plastische Operationen, Städtisches Klinikum Dessau, Dessau.
    Objective: Orbital complications of sinusitis represent serious diseases. In clinical practice, the term "orbital phlegmon" is often used, although this most serious expression of orbital infection is very rarely seen. However, a correct classification in each stage of orbital complications and resulting treatment recommendations are crucial for the prognosis of the patient. Read More

    A Case of Metastatic Gastric Adenocarcinoma Mimicking Preseptal Cellulitis.
    Ann Dermatol 2015 Aug 29;27(4):439-41. Epub 2015 Jul 29.
    Department of Dermatology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Cutaneous metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma is uncommon, and the eyelid is a rare metastatic site. Three patterns of clinical presentation of eyelid metastasis have been described: nodular, infiltrative, and ulcerated. The infiltrative pattern, also known as an inflammatory diffuse pattern or mask-like metastasis, can be easily misdiagnosed as cellulitis or contact dermatitis. Read More

    Pediatric orbital cellulitis in the Haemophilus influenzae vaccine era.
    J AAPOS 2015 Jun 18;19(3):206-10. Epub 2015 Apr 18.
    Microbiology Department, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Purpose: To evaluate the microbiology of pediatric orbital cellulitis in blood cultures and abscess drainage cultures following the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) vaccine.

    Methods: The medical records of all pediatrics patients (aged <18 years) at a tertiary pediatric hospital during the period January 2000 to July 2011 with a computed tomography orbital imaging querying "orbital cellulitis," "periorbital cellulitis," "preseptal cellulitis," or "post-septal cellulitis" were retrospectively reviewed. The records, microbiology, and radiology of these patients were reviewed to assess the rates and complications of H. Read More

    Periorbital cellulitis due to cutaneous anthrax.
    Int Ophthalmol 2015 Dec 13;35(6):843-5. Epub 2015 Mar 13.
    Texas Ophthalmic Plastic, Reconstructive, and Orbital Surgery Associates, 9301 North Central Expressway #595, Dallas, TX, 75231, USA.
    Virgil's plague of the ancient world, Bacillus anthracis, is rare in developed nations. Unfortunately rural communities across the globe continue to be exposed to this potentially lethal bacterium. Herein we report a case of periorbital cutaneous anthrax infection in a 3-year-old girl from the rural area surrounding Harare, Zimbabwe with a brief review of the literature. Read More

    Pott's puffy tumor in a 12-year-old boy.
    Pediatr Int 2015 ;57(1):163-5
    Pediatric Infectious Disease, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey.
    Pott's puffy tumor (PPT) is a rare complication of sinusitis characterized by subperiosteal abscess and osteomyelitis of the frontal bone. Early diagnosis and treatment is vital before it causes intracranial complications such as subdural empyema or brain abscess. Herein we describe the case of a 12-year-old patient who developed preseptal cellulitis and PPT, and was successfully treated with abscess drainage, sinus surgery and long-term antibiotic therapy. Read More

    Gunshot-like wound caused by sling shot injury - a case report.
    Int Med Case Rep J 2015 13;8:47-50. Epub 2015 Feb 13.
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
    We report a rare case of sling shot injury that presented with a gunshot-like wound with preseptal cellulitis, in a toddler. An 11-month-old Malay child presented with a gunshot-like wound over the forehead following sling shot injury. On examination, he had a deep circular laceration wound over the forehead, measuring 2. Read More

    Managment of orbital complications of sinusitis.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2014 Oct 1;77(5):293-296. Epub 2014 Sep 1.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey.
    Purpose: We reported on the clinical approaches of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology departments in the treatment of the orbital complications of sinusitis. We also included an in-depth literature review. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical files of 51 patients from January 2008 to January 2014. Read More

    Transnasal endoscopic treatment of orbital complications of acute sinusitis: the Graz concept.
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2015 May 13;124(5):368-73. Epub 2014 Nov 13.
    Department of General Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria
    Objective: Orbital complications of acute sinusitis can be severe. Nowadays, surgical drainage of intraorbital abscess formations is performed endoscopically in the majority of cases. This study aims to illustrate the Graz experience in the endoscopic treatment of orbital complications and to present our treatment algorithm. Read More

    Rhinosinusitis in children: a comparison of patients requiring surgery for acute complications versus chronic disease.
    Am J Otolaryngol 2014 Sep-Oct;35(5):641-6. Epub 2014 Jun 5.
    Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.
    Background: Patient characteristics, risk factors, and microbiology are important to consider in the management of complications of acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) in pediatric patients. This study evaluates this subset of patients and compares them to patients that undergo surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

    Methods: This study is a retrospective review of all pediatric patients from 2002 to 2011, who underwent sinus surgery at a tertiary hospital. Read More

    Orbital complications in children: differential diagnosis of a challenging disease.
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2015 May 24;272(5):1157-63. Epub 2014 Jul 24.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Nordstadt Clinic, Academic Hospital and Childrens' Hospital "Auf Der Bult", Academic Hospital, Haltenhoffstrasse 41, 30167, Hannover, Germany,
    Orbital swelling in children presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Most are associated with acute sinusitis with complicating factors possibly including: amaurosis, meningitis, intracranial abscess or even cavernous sinus thrombosis. However not all acute orbital swelling is associated with acute sinusitis. Read More

    Optic Atrophy Secondary to Preseptal Cutaneous Anthrax: Case Report.
    Neuroophthalmology 2014 22;38(4):220-223. Epub 2014 Jul 22.
    Sarıkamış Military Hospital Ophthalmolgy Clinic Kars Turkey.
    Bacillus anthracis, the agent of anthrax, is a nonmotile, aerobic gram-positive rod that can form very resistant spores in economically poor environments. Anthrax can manifest as cutaneous, gastrointestinal, or inhalational form. Cutaneous anthrax, caused by direct skin contact, presents with eschar, lymphadenopathy, and a febrile illness. Read More

    Proteus mirabilis and its role in dacryocystitis.
    Optom Vis Sci 2014 Sep;91(9):e230-5
    *OD, FAAO Southern College of Optometry, Memphis, Tennessee.
    Purpose: Dacryocystitis is a common inflammation of the lacrimal sac, usually from an underlying bacterial infection. Most cases can be attributed to common ocular flora such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae; however, uncommon bacterial causes such as Proteus mirabilis can still occur. P. Read More

    Negative pressure wound therapy in preseptal orbital cellulitis complicated with necrotizing fasciitis and preseptal abscess.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2015 Jan-Feb;31(1):23-8
    * Interdisciplinary wound and ostomy care center; †Division of ophthalmology; ‡Division of dermatology; §Division of plastic surgery; and ‖Oculoplastics section, Division of ophthalmology, "Dr. Manuel Gea Gonzalez" General Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Purpose: Preseptal cellulitis (PC) may be locally complicated with abscess formation and necrotizing fasciitis. If not treated promptly and adequately, it may result in further complications. The authors report a series of patients where negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) proved a safe and valuable adjunct therapy in avoiding complications of PC and in accelerating wound healing. Read More

    Bilateral Orbital Abscesses After Strabismus Surgery.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2015 Nov-Dec;31(6):e141-2
    *Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University, New York; †Ophthalmic Consultants of Long Island, Long Island; and ‡The Center for Eye Care and Optical, West Slip, New York, U.S.A.
    Infectious orbital complications after strabismus surgery are rare. Their incidence is estimated to be 1 case per 1,100 surgeries and include preseptal cellulitis, orbital cellulitis, subconjunctival and sub-Tenon's abscesses, myositis, and endophthalmitis. This report describes the case of an otherwise healthy 3-year-old boy who underwent bilateral medial rectus recession and disinsertion of the inferior obliques. Read More

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