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    When an Orbital Infection Isn't Infectious at All: A Review of Orbital Inflammatory Syndrome.
    Pediatr Ann 2017 Nov;46(11):e433-e436
    Orbital inflammatory syndrome (OIS) includes a wide range of clinical manifestations and may initially be misdiagnosed as orbital cellulitis due similar symptoms of fever, periorbital swelling, and pain with eye movements. A diagnosis of OIS requires evaluation for underlying systemic disorders including autoimmune disorders and thyroid disease. Symptoms typically improve rapidly after initiation of steroid therapy, although recurrence can occur. Read More

    Epidemiology of Primary Ophthalmic Inpatient Admissions in the United States.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 31. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To determine the national estimates, demographics, and costs of inpatient eye care in the United States (US).

    Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study.

    Methods: National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a representative sample of all US community hospitals, was used to analyze inpatient admissions with a primary ophthalmic diagnosis from 2001 to 2014. Read More

    Clinical Mimics: An Emergency Medicine-Focused Review of Cellulitis Mimics.
    J Emerg Med 2017 Oct;53(4):475-484
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.
    Background: Cellulitis is a common clinical condition with low rates of morbidity and mortality if treated appropriately. Mimics of cellulitis presenting with erythema, edema, warmth, and pain can be associated with grave morbidity and mortality if misdiagnosed.

    Objective: This review investigates the signs and symptoms of cellulitis, mimics of cellulitis, and an approach to the management of both cellulitis and its mimics. Read More

    Ocular tuberculosis in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia - A case series.
    Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2017 Dec 13;24:25-30. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
    Introduction: Ocular tuberculosis (TB) encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations affecting different structures of the eye. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a great ancient organism that induces various types of diseases and unfavorable outcomes if unrecognized and not well treated.

    Purpose: To report the clinical profile of 34 ocular TB cases observed during 6 years period in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). Read More

    Hyaluronidase allergy mimicking orbital cellulitis.
    Orbit 2017 Oct 20:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    a Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Services , Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation , Chennai , India.
    Purpose: Hyaluronidase enzyme is a common additive with local anesthetic agent to facilitate faster permeation of the anesthetic in periocular tissues during ophthalmic surgery. We report a series of five subjects presenting with clinical features mimicking orbital cellulitis following peribulbar anesthesia and consequently diagnosed with hyaluronidase hypersensitivity.

    Setting: The study was conducted at a tertiary eye care center in Southern India. Read More

    A rare case of orbital granulomatous inflammation from explosive hydraulic oil masquerading as orbital cellulitis.
    Orbit 2017 Oct 20:1-3. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Canada.
    The differential diagnosis for acute orbital inflammation is broad. We report a case of granulomatous orbital inflammation due to high-pressure oil injury to the orbit presenting as an atypical orbital cellulitis. Here we review the presentation and treatment of orbital inflammation from oil. Read More

    Spontaneous Rupture of Lacrimal Gland Pleomorphic Adenoma: Pivotal Role in Masquerading Orbital Cellulitis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Oct 14. Epub 2017 Oct 14.
    *Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Department, Farabi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, †Eye Research Center, Farabi Hospital, and ‡Pathology Department, Farabi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    The authors aim to report a 68-year-old patient presenting with acute swelling and redness of orbital area diagnosed initially as orbital cellulitis. Surgical excision was decided based on clinical and imaging findings with the diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland. Lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma usually presents with painless gradual swelling of upper eyelid. Read More

    Ultrasound evaluation of normal orbital preseptal thickness.
    Nepal J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan;9(18):56-59
    Introduction: Orbital preseptal thickness is an important parameter not only in diagnosis of orbital cellulitis but also in recent classification and management of dark eye circle (DEC).

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate normal preseptal thickness and collect baseline data in normal skin in a given population with no orbital pathology.

    Materials & Method: Ultrasound was performed on 42 patients (23 females and 19 males) with clinically normal eyes and orbits for evaluation of normal orbital preseptal thickness. Read More

    Orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis in Taiwan, 1988 through 2015: Acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, and management.
    PLoS One 2017 3;12(10):e0184477. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Purpose: Paranasal sinusitis is widespread and can lead to orbital complications, blindness, and death. However, the correlation between ophthalmological findings and disease staging remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the staging, acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis during a 27-year period. Read More

    Clinical Outcome of Probing in Infants with Acute Dacryocystitis - A Prospective Study.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Aug 1;11(8):NC01-NC03. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Professor and Head, Department of Ophthalmology, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India.
    Introduction: Acute dacryocystitis is an uncommon but serious condition in infants and needs immediate treatment. Although, medical management with systemic antibiotics remains the mainstay of initial treatment, there are recent studies justifying simultaneous Naso Lacrimal Duct (NLD) probing with acceptable success rate.

    Aim: To assess the success rate of probing in the management of infantile acute dacryocystitis and to analyse the factors affecting it. Read More

    Orbital apex syndrome secondary to a fungal nasal septal abscess caused by Scedosporium apiospermum in a patient with uncontrolled diabetes: a case report.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Sep 26;17(1):649. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Department of Clinical Pathology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0047, Japan.
    Background: Orbital apex syndrome is a localized type of orbital cellulitis, where mass lesions occur at the apex of the cranial nerves. Although nasal septal abscess is uncommon, the organism most likely to cause nasal septal abscess is Staphylococcus aureus, and fungal septal abscesses are rare. Here we present an extremely rare and serious case of orbital apex syndrome secondary to fungal nasal septal abscess caused by Scedosporium apiospermum in a patient with uncontrolled diabetes. Read More

    Bilateral Subperiosteal Hematoma and Orbital Compression Syndrome in Sickle Cell Disease.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Nov;28(8):e775-e776
    *Şehit Kamil State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, G.Antep †Department of Ophthalmology ‡Division of Pediatric Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University §Mersin State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, Mersin, Turkey.
    A 14-year-old boy with sickle cell disease presented with preseptal cellulitis findings as proptosis, eyelid edema, and hyperemia. His best corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 20/20 and 16/20 in the left eye. He had limited ductions in vertical and lateral gazes in both eyes. Read More

    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Fall;11(4):332-334
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Dicle University of Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey; and†Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Purpose: To evaluate the use of subtenon amikacin injection for the treatment of Nocardia asteroides orbital cellulitis in a patient with a history of scleral buckle surgery.

    Methods: Case report.

    Results: A 79-year-old diabetic woman presented with an 8-month history of diplopia, discharge, and swelling around her left eye. Read More

    Concomitant orbital aspergillosis and mucormycosis in a 17 months old immunocompetent child.
    Saudi J Ophthalmol 2017 Jul-Sep;31(3):193-195. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, United Arab Emirates.
    Isolated multiple orbital fungal infection (aspergillosis & mucormycosis) is extremely rare disease in immunocompetent individuals and especially in children. Placement of prosthetic device during the surgery could be one of the risk factors. The presentation is usually masquerading other entities which make early diagnosis a challengeable. Read More

    [Clinical analysis of orbital and periorbital abscess in 17 patients].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2017 Aug;53(8):588-593
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tianjin First Center Hospital, the First Central Clinical College of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300192, China.
    Objective: To discuss the etiology, clinical features and treatment principles of the orbital and periorbital abscess. Methods: A retrospective case series of 17 cases with orbital and periorbital abscess between July 2010 and November 2015 were conducted. All patients(,) clinical data including medical history, etiology, abscess location, paranasal sinus involvement, eye involvement, microbiological test results, imaging features, treatment and prognosis were summarized and analyzed. Read More

    Candida Species From Eye Infections: Drug Susceptibility, Virulence Factors, and Molecular Characterization.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2017 Aug;58(10):4201-4209
    Jhaveri Microbiology Centre, Brien Holden Eye Research Centre, L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Kallam Anji Reddy campus, Hyderabad, India.
    Purpose: To determine the type of Candida species in ocular infections and to investigate the relationship of antifungal susceptibility profile to virulence factors.

    Methods: Fifty isolates of yeast-like fungi from patients with keratitis, endophthalmitis, and orbital cellulitis were identified by Vitek-2 compact system and DNA sequencing of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 regions of the rRNA gene, followed by phylogenetic analysis for phenotypic and genotypic identification, respectively. Read More

    Acute Sickle Cell Orbitopathy Masquerading as Orbital Cellulitis.
    J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2017 Aug 14. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Oxford Eye Hospital, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Headington, UK.
    Sickle cell orbitopathy is a rare manifestation of a sickle cell crisis and can closely mimic orbital cellulitis, both clinically and radiologically. We present a case where a child presented with what was thought to be orbital cellulitis and was treated accordingly. Subtle radiologic features of sickle cell orbitopathy were initially overlooked, resulting in an incorrect diagnosis and a treatment delay for the patient. Read More

    Lacrimal gland abscesses: Case series and literature review.
    Orbit 2017 Aug 16:1-5. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine , Great Neck , New York , USA.
    Acute dacryoadenitis with abscess formation has been rarely described. We describe four cases that resolved with incision and drainage. This includes a retrospective case series of four patients with radiologically confirmed lacrimal gland abscesses and a review of the reported cases in the literature. Read More

    Orbital Cellulitis Following Orbital Blow-out Fracture.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Oct;28(7):1777-1779
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea..
    Orbital cellulitis and abscess have been described in the literature as complication that usually occur secondary to infection in the maxillary, ethmoidal, and frontal sinuses. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, or cerebral abscess. Orbital fractures are a common sequela of blunt orbital trauma, but are only rarely associated with orbital cellulitis. Read More

    [Diagnosis and treatment of orbital cellulitis].
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2017 ;161(0):D1342
    Academisch Medisch Centrum, Amsterdam.
    Orbital cellulitis is a rare disease usually caused by sinusitis. Generally, the prognosis of both preseptal cellulitis and orbital cellulitis is favourable. Radiological distinction should be made between an orbital abscess and subperiosteal empyema. Read More

    [Neisseria gonorrhoeae: an infrequent causal agent of periorbital cellulitis in a child].
    Arch Argent Pediatr 2017 Aug;115(4):e243-e246
    Departamento de Educación e Investigación, Instituto Roosevelt, Bogotá, Colombia.
    Periorbital cellulitis is a very common disease in pediatric population, it describes an infection involving the adjacent soft tissues anterior to the orbital septum. Pathogens involved are generally Gram-positive cocci after introduction of Haemophilus influenzae vaccine. We report a case of Neisseria gonorrhoeae periorbital cellulitis associated with bacterial conjunctivitis in a child. Read More

    Infective Endocarditis Presenting as Bilateral Orbital Cellulitis: An Unusual Case.
    Cureus 2017 Jun 14;9(6):e1350. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City (UMKC).
    Orbital cellulitis is a severe and sight-threatening infection of orbital tissues posterior to the orbital septum. The most common causes of orbital cellulitis are rhinosinusitis, orbital trauma, and surgery. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a systemic infection that begins on cardiac valves and spreads by means of the bloodstream to peripheral organs. Read More

    Management of Extraocular Infections.
    Indian J Pediatr 2017 Dec 14;84(12):945-952. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Cornea & Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital & PG Institute of Ophthalmology, 1, Anna Nagar, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, 625 020, India.
    Extraocular infection is a frequently encountered problem in children including neonates and infants. Prompt recognition of the extraocular disease and management at first contact reduces the ocular morbidity and visual impairment. Delay in administering appropriate therapy and referral to an eye care personnel may result in blindness; sometimes bilateral, due to severe ophthalmia neonatorum. Read More

    [Complications of sinusitis].
    Presse Med 2017 Jul - Aug;46(7-8 Pt 1):655-659. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Hôpital d'instruction des Armées-Percy, service d'ORL et de chirurgie cervico-faciale, 101, avenue Henri-Barbusse, 92140 Clamart, France.
    The complications of sinusitis are essentially secondary to ethmoidal and frontal sinusitis, occurring in patients weakened, particularly in case of immunodeficiency or anatomical defects. The gravity is due to the risk of spreading infection in intracranial tissues and orbital cavity. The diagnosis is always to discuss any symptomatology resistant to treatment and the appearance of orbital or neurological signs. Read More

    Paediatric orbital cellulitis and the relationship to underlying sinonasal anatomy on computed tomography.
    J Laryngol Otol 2017 Aug 7;131(8):714-718. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    Department of Paediatric Otorhinolaryngology,Royal Hospital for Children,Glasgow,Scotland,UK.
    Objective: To assess if there is an association between sinonasal anatomical variants and the risk of developing orbital cellulitis and associated complications, in children.

    Methods: A retrospective case-control series was conducted, examining computed tomography confirmed sinonasal anatomical variants of septal deviation and concha bullosa in children who presented with periorbital cellulitis who went on to develop orbital cellulitis and abscesses.

    Results: Thirty children had a Chandler score of 2 or greater on computed tomography. Read More

    Odontogenic orbital cellulitis associated with cavernous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 Jun 20;11(1):164. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Eye Clinic, Melegnano Hospital, Vizzolo Predabissi, Milan, Italy.
    Background: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis.

    Case Presentation: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. Read More

    Orbital abscess following posterior subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide.
    Orbit 2017 Jun 3;36(3):135-136. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    a Ophthalmology Department , Mater Misericordiae University Hospital , Dublin , Ireland.
    Orbital cellulitis is a serious sight threatening and potentially life threatening condition which can be complicated by orbital abscess formation. Posterior subtenon (PST) injection of corticosteroid is commonly used in the treatment of posterior segment inflammation including post-operative macular oedema. We report a case of orbital abscess formation as a late complication of PST triamcinolone acetonide and discuss the presentation, diagnosis and management. Read More

    Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates From Children With Periorbital or Orbital Cellulitis.
    J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2017 Jun 1. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston; and.
    Background.: Periorbital and orbital cellulitis cause significant pediatric morbidity. Here, we define the clinical features of and characterize isolates from children with periorbital or orbital cellulitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus at Texas Children's Hospital in Houston. Read More

    Intra-ocular medulloepithelioma as a masquerade for PHPV and Panophthalmitis: a Diagnostic Dilemma.
    Saudi J Ophthalmol 2017 Apr-Jun;31(2):109-111. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Ocular Pathology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India.
    A previously diagnosed child of persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) with painless blind eye remained clinically silent for about 3 years follow-up. The child suddenly presented as a case of orbital cellulitis and panopthalmitis with meningitis. No definite mass lesion was detected on ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) scan. Read More

    Superior Ophthalmic Vein Thrombosis with Complete Loss of Vision as a Complication of Autoimmune and Infective Conditions.
    Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2017 May 24:1-3. Epub 2017 May 24.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , University Hospital Centre Zagreb , Zagreb , Croatia.
    Purpose: To present our experience in the management of superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis (SOVT), which is a rare, but extremely serious condition if not recognized and managed promptly and appropriately.

    Methods: Two patients with septic and aseptic SOVT are presented. Clinical characteristics, radiographic features, management techniques, and outcomes are described. Read More

    [Combination therapy of refractory localized granulomatosis with polyangiitis and orbital involvement].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2017 ;133(2):86-91
    Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11 A,B Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021; I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, 2, str. 4 Bol'shaya Pirogovskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.
    Granulomatous orbital cellulitis is one of the most common ocular manifestations of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's). The process is often refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy and requires a more radical treatment approach. However, surgical experience with this type of patients is limited. Read More

    Lesions caused by virulent Aeromonas hydrophila in farmed catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus and I. punctatus × I. furcatus) in Mississippi.
    J Vet Diagn Invest 2017 Sep 8;29(5):747-751. Epub 2017 May 8.
    Departments of Pathobiology and Population Medicine (Baumgartner), College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.
    In 2009, a virulent strain of Aeromonas hydrophila caused severe disease and high mortalities (motile aeromonad septicemia variant [MASv]) in farmed channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus) and hybrid catfish ( I. punctatus × I. furcatus) in eastern Mississippi and Alabama. Read More

    Orbital Perivenous Abscess Complicating the Diagnosis and Management of Orbital Cellulitis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Nov/Dec;33(6):e152-e154
    *Division of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, UC San Diego Department of Ophthalmology, Shiley Eye Institute, La Jolla, California, †Division of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Miami Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, ‡Division of Radiology, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California, and §Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California San Diego Division of Plastic Surgery, La Jolla, California, U.S.A.
    An 11-year-old female presented with orbital cellulitis, bacterial sinusitis, enlarged left superior ophthalmic vein, dural venous sinuses, and internal jugular vein. The patient underwent endoscopic sinus surgery and was started on intravenous antibiotics and anticoagulation with limited improvement in orbital signs and symptoms. A magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance venography of the orbits and brain revealed a dilated left superior ophthalmic vein with absence of flow but no clearly discernible orbital abscess. Read More

    Odontogenic abscess mimicking acute dacryocystitis.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Apr 28;2017. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
    A middle-aged poorly controlled diabetic man developed left-sided orbital and facial swelling several days after extraction of a left upper wisdom tooth. The clinical impression was that of acute dacryocystitis. Opening the skin above the lacrimal sac failed to reveal an inflamed sac establishing the diagnosis of deep facial cellulitis. Read More

    Are We Over-Treating Insect Bite Related Periorbital Cellulitis in Children? The Experience of a Large, Tertiary Care Pediatric Hospital.
    Am J Ther 2017 Apr 25. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    1Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Dana-Dwek Children Hospital, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; 2Divisions of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Canada; and 3Division of Pediatrics, Dana-Dwek Children Hospital, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Introduction: Preseptal (periorbital) and orbital cellulitis are potentially catastrophic infections near the eye. Preseptal cellulitis is far more common, and although classically reported to be associated with dacrocystitis, sinusitis/upper respiratory infection, trauma/surgery, or infection from contiguous areas, it can also be associated with insect bites. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of insect bite-associated preseptal cellulitis and to compare clinical findings and outcomes of these patients with those having other causes for the condition. Read More

    Nontraumatic head and neck injuries: a clinical approach. Part 2.
    Radiologia 2017 May - Jun;59(3):182-195. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro-Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España.
    Nontraumatic emergencies of the head and neck represent a challenge in the field of neuroradiology for two reasons. As explained in the first part of this update, these entities affect an area where the thorax joins the cranial cavity and can thus compromise both structures; second, they are uncommon, so they are not well known. Maintaining the same approach as in the first part, focusing on the clinical presentations in the emergency department rather than on the anatomic regions affected, we will study the entities that present with two patterns: those that present with a combination of cervical numbness, dysphagia, and dyspnea and those that present with acute sensory deficits. Read More

    Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Orbital Fractures.
    Open Ophthalmol J 2017 31;11:11-16. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, The George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA.
    Purpose: To determine whether prophylactic antibiotic use in patients with orbital fracture prevent orbital infection.

    Design: Retrospective cohort study.

    Participants: All patients diagnosed with orbital fracture between January 1, 2008 and March 1, 2014 at The George Washington University Hospital and Clinics. Read More

    Management of orbital cellulitis and subperiosteal orbital abscess in pediatric patients: A ten-year review.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 May 6;96:72-76. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:
    Objective: Pediatric periorbital cellulitis represents a common disease complicating a nasal infection.

    Methods: A ten-year retrospective review of fifty-seven children admitted to our institution with the diagnosis of periorbital cellulitis as a complication of sinus infections was carried out.

    Results: The age varied from one month to eleven years (mean 3. Read More

    Intravenous Steroids With Antibiotics on Admission for Children With Orbital Cellulitis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Mar 31. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.
    Purpose: To compare the outcomes of children with orbital cellulitis treated with intravenous (IV) dexamethasone and antibiotics on admission to patients treated with antibiotics alone.

    Methods: Prospective comparative interventional study. Forty-three children admitted to a tertiary institution with orbital cellulitis were enrolled. Read More

    Odontogenic orbital abscess: a case report and review of literature.
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jun 16;21(2):271-279. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Surgery, Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.
    Odontogenic orbital abscess is a rare but well-documented complication of sinusitis and infections spreading from dental apical lesion. We report a case of orbital abscess with periorbital cellulitis, in a 35-year-old man with positive recent dental history of a periapical dental infection arising from the second upper left premolar spread into maxillary sinus. The patient has shown facial edema, ocular pain, ophthalmoplegia, proptosis, and initial visual symptoms. Read More

    Periocular necrotizing fasciitis in an infant.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 11. Epub 2017 Mar 11.
    Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:
    Periocular necrotizing fasciitis developed in a 12-month-old boy with swelling of both eyes and redness and a discharge from the left eye approximately 36 hours after blunt trauma. Computed tomography revealed preseptal and soft-tissue edema on the left side, but no signs of orbital involvement, orbital fractures, or drainable abscess in the anterior left lower eyelid. The inflammatory signs worsened over the next day, and there was purulent discharge from the left lower eyelid and an abscess and necrosis of the lower eyelid skin. Read More

    Extra-ocular retinoblastoma: about 12 cases followed at the Mohamed VI university hospital of Marrakech.
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 2;25:131. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Ophthalmology Department, Mohamed VI University Hospital, Marrakech, Morroco.
    Retinoblastoma is the most frequent childhood intraocular tumor. The aim of our study is to evaluate the clinical features and management of extra-ocular retinoblastoma in the Mohamed VI university hospital of Marrakech. Retrospective case series, the patient's records were reviewed for patient and tumor features, ocular management, histopathological findings, and patient survival. Read More

    Orbital Cellulitis in a Psoriatic Patient Treated With Adalimumab.
    Mil Med 2017 Mar;182(3):e1880-e1882
    Department of Dermatology, Naval Health Clinic Hawaii, 480 Central Avenue, Pearl Harbor, HI 96869.
    Introduction: Psoriatic patients on tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFi) may be at increased risk for upper respiratory tract infections, including chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS). Rarely, CRS can progress to orbital cellulitis (OC), an emergent ophthalmic complication wherein respiratory flora from paranasal sinus disease intrude the retro-orbital space.

    Materials And Methods: Single case report. Read More

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