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    1 OF 32

    Orbital apex syndrome from bacterial sinusitis without orbital cellulitis.
    Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 31;10:84-86. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), 6431 Fannin St., MSB 7.024, Houston, TX, 77030, United States.
    Purpose: To describe a case of orbital apex syndrome as a result of isolated bacterial sinusitis.

    Observations: A 63-year-old woman presented with an orbital apex syndrome from isolated bacterial sinusitis with rapidly declining visual acuity to no light perception. We compared our case with 6 similar cases of severe vision loss from isolated bacterial sinusitis. Read More

    Indicators for imaging in periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis.
    Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Feb 15. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Tel Aviv University Sackler School of Medicine, 70300, Zerifin, Israel.
    Purpose: Our objective was to identify the clinical indicators for subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) among patients who present with periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis, and to evaluate the need for performing a computerized tomography (CT) scan.

    Methods: A retrospective cohort study of all patients admitted to our tertiary care emergency department between 2006 and 2014 was conducted. Included were healthy patients with acute periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis. Read More

    Orbital cellulitis and brain abscess - rare complications of maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis.
    Rom J Ophthalmol 2017 Apr-Jun;61(2):133-136
    ENT Department, Clinical Emergency County Hospital, Constanta, Romania.
    Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy. Read More

    Neurological Complications of Acute and Chronic Sinusitis.
    Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2018 Feb 5;18(2). Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: Acute and chronic sinusitis can give rise to a wide array of intracranial and orbital complications. These complications include brain abscess, subdural empyema, epidural abscess, meningitis, venous sinus thrombosis, frontal bone osteomyelitis, and orbital cellulitis and abscess. Despite numerous medical advances, these complications carry a risk of mortality and significant morbidity. Read More

    The best of the best: a review of select oculoplastic case series published in 2015.
    Digit J Ophthalmol 2017 21;23(4):1-3. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York.
    This review summarizes three case series published in the field of oculoplastic surgery in the year 2015. The first article describes the use of hedgehog pathway inhibitors for medical therapy of advanced periocular basal cell carcinoma and basal cell nevus syndrome. The second describes the use of c-reactive protein as a marker for starting treatment with steroids in children with orbital cellulitis. Read More

    [Orbital cellulitis complicated by subperiosteal abscess due to Streptococcus pyogenes infection].
    Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2017 Mar - Apr;74(2):134-140. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Departamento de Infectología Pediátrica, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara Fray Antonio Alcalde, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.
    Background: Orbital cellulitis is an infectious disease that is very common in pediatric patients, in which severe complications may develop. Etiological agents related to this disease are Haemophilus influenzae B, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis, which correspond to 95% of cases. Moreover, Streptococcus beta hemolytic and anaerobic microorganisms may also be present corresponding to < 5% of the cases. Read More

    Temporal Expression of Genes in Biofilm-Forming Ocular Candida albicans Isolated From Patients With Keratitis and Orbital Cellulitis.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Jan;59(1):528-538
    Jhaveri Microbiology Centre Prof. Brien Holden Eye Research Centre, L V Prasad Eye Institute, L V Prasad Marg, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, India.
    Purpose: To study antibiotic susceptibility and biofilm-forming potential of ocular isolates of Candida albicans along with gene expression.

    Methods: Seven clinical isolates of C. albicans (keratitis-6 and orbital cellulitis-1) were evaluated. Read More

    Right orbital edema masquerading a hematologic malignancy.
    SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2018 10;6:2050313X17751838. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Division of Hematology/Oncology, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Introduction: Multiple myeloma is caused by abnormal proliferation of plasma cells that affects more commonly African Americans. It classically presents with hypercalcemia, renal failure, anemia, and lytic bone lesions. The aim of this article is to present an unusual case of a 63-year-old African-American female with multiple myeloma who presented with worsening right-sided eye swelling for the past 3 weeks and to briefly review ophthalmologic manifestations of multiple myeloma. Read More

    A Case of Right-Sided Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula: A Diagnostic Challenge.
    Am J Case Rep 2018 Jan 12;19:47-51. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nevada-Reno, School of Medicine, Reno, NV, USA.
    BACKGROUND Carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are rare potentially sight-threatening abnormal connections between carotid artery and cavernous sinus. CASE REPORT We report a case of CCF in an 83-year-old female, who presented with swollen and painful right eye. The patient was initially treated with empiric antibiotics for suspected peri-orbital cellulitis, as noted clinically and in computed tomography (CT) orbits. Read More

    Conservative Management for Subperiosteal Orbital Abscess in Adults: A 20-Year Experience.
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2018 Mar 3;127(3):162-166. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    1 Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel.
    Objective: Orbital complications (OC) secondary to acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) in adults are less common than in children, with assumed worse outcome.

    Materials And Methods: Adults with OC secondary to ARS between 1994 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Parameters recorded included age, gender, clinical symptoms and signs, computed tomography (CT) scan findings, duration of hospitalization, treatment before and during admission, cultures, and outcome. Read More

    Knowledge and Attitude of Dental Surgeons about Ocular Complications Due to Dental Infection.
    J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2017 Nov;9(Suppl 1):S147-S153
    Department of Oral Pathology, Guru Gobind Singh College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bhuranpur, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Read More

    Case report of the family transmission oforbital cellulitis.
    Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Jun 20;6:52-54. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    Sainte-Justine Hospital, Montreal University, Canada.
    Purpose: This is a case report of an unusual case of the family transmission ofinfection in three siblings. One brother contracted the infection which resulted in orbital cellulitis of two of his siblings, in the absence of anatomical or immunological predisposing factors.

    Observations: A young boy contracted an uncomplicatedupper respiratory tract infection. Read More

    Orbital Cellulitis Presenting as Giant Cell Arteritis: A Case Report.
    Acta Neurol Taiwan 2017 Jun;26(2):72-75
    Department of Neurology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.
    Purpose: To present a case of orbital cellulitis initially mimicking giant cell arteritis.

    Case Report: An 80-year-old man with a history of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus was referred with a prominent progressive headache over the right temporal and periorbital areas. Non-contrast brain CT results were normal, but ESR was elevated. Read More

    Orbital cellulitis.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2017 Dec 15. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. Electronic address:
    Orbital cellulitis (OC) is an inflammatory process that involves the tissues located posterior to the orbital septum within the bony orbit, but the term generally is used to describe infectious inflammation. It manifests with erythema and edema of the eyelids, vision loss, fever, headache, proptosis, chemosis, and diplopia. OC usually originates from sinus infection, infection of the eyelids or face, and even hematogenous spread from distant locations. Read More

    Variation in Care and Clinical Outcomes in Children Hospitalized With Orbital Cellulitis.
    Hosp Pediatr 2018 Jan 5;8(1):28-35. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Divisions of Pediatric Hospital Medicine and.
    Objectives: To describe variation in the care of children hospitalized with orbital cellulitis and to determine associations with length of stay (LOS), emergency department (ED) revisits, and hospital readmissions.

    Methods: By using the Pediatric Health Information System, we performed a multicenter, retrospective study of children aged 2 months to 18 years with a primarydischarge diagnosis code for orbital cellulitis from 2007 to 2014. We assessed hospital-level variation in the use of diagnostic tests, corticosteroids, and antibiotics individually and in aggregate for association with outcomes (LOS, ED revisits, readmissions) after risk-adjusting for important clinical and demographic factors. Read More

    When an Orbital Infection Isn't Infectious at All: A Review of Orbital Inflammatory Syndrome.
    Pediatr Ann 2017 Nov;46(11):e433-e436
    Orbital inflammatory syndrome (OIS) includes a wide range of clinical manifestations and may initially be misdiagnosed as orbital cellulitis due similar symptoms of fever, periorbital swelling, and pain with eye movements. A diagnosis of OIS requires evaluation for underlying systemic disorders including autoimmune disorders and thyroid disease. Symptoms typically improve rapidly after initiation of steroid therapy, although recurrence can occur. Read More

    Epidemiology of Primary Ophthalmic Inpatient Admissions in the United States.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan 31;185:101-109. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To determine the national estimates, demographics, and costs of inpatient eye care in the United States (US).

    Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study.

    Methods: National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a representative sample of all US community hospitals, was used to analyze inpatient admissions with a primary ophthalmic diagnosis from 2001 to 2014. Read More

    Clinical Mimics: An Emergency Medicine-Focused Review of Cellulitis Mimics.
    J Emerg Med 2017 Oct;53(4):475-484
    Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.
    Background: Cellulitis is a common clinical condition with low rates of morbidity and mortality if treated appropriately. Mimics of cellulitis presenting with erythema, edema, warmth, and pain can be associated with grave morbidity and mortality if misdiagnosed.

    Objective: This review investigates the signs and symptoms of cellulitis, mimics of cellulitis, and an approach to the management of both cellulitis and its mimics. Read More

    Ocular tuberculosis in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia - A case series.
    Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2017 Dec 13;24:25-30. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
    Introduction: Ocular tuberculosis (TB) encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations affecting different structures of the eye. It is caused by, a great ancient organism that induces various types of diseases and unfavorable outcomes if unrecognized and not well treated.

    Purpose: To report the clinical profile of 34 ocular TB cases observed during 6 years period in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). Read More

    Hyaluronidase allergy mimicking orbital cellulitis.
    Orbit 2017 Oct 20:1-5. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    a Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Services , Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation , Chennai , India.
    Purpose: Hyaluronidase enzyme is a common additive with local anesthetic agent to facilitate faster permeation of the anesthetic in periocular tissues during ophthalmic surgery. We report a series of five subjects presenting with clinical features mimicking orbital cellulitis following peribulbar anesthesia and consequently diagnosed with hyaluronidase hypersensitivity.

    Setting: The study was conducted at a tertiary eye care center in Southern India. Read More

    A rare case of orbital granulomatous inflammation from explosive hydraulic oil masquerading as orbital cellulitis.
    Orbit 2017 Oct 20:1-3. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , University of Alberta , Edmonton , Canada.
    The differential diagnosis for acute orbital inflammation is broad. We report a case of granulomatous orbital inflammation due to high-pressure oil injury to the orbit presenting as an atypical orbital cellulitis. Here we review the presentation and treatment of orbital inflammation from oil. Read More

    Spontaneous Rupture of Lacrimal Gland Pleomorphic Adenoma: Pivotal Role in Masquerading Orbital Cellulitis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Oct 14. Epub 2017 Oct 14.
    *Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Department, Farabi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, †Eye Research Center, Farabi Hospital, and ‡Pathology Department, Farabi Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    The authors aim to report a 68-year-old patient presenting with acute swelling and redness of orbital area diagnosed initially as orbital cellulitis. Surgical excision was decided based on clinical and imaging findings with the diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland. Lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma usually presents with painless gradual swelling of upper eyelid. Read More

    Ultrasound evaluation of normal orbital preseptal thickness.
    Nepal J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan;9(18):56-59
    Introduction: Orbital preseptal thickness is an important parameter not only in diagnosis of orbital cellulitis but also in recent classification and management of dark eye circle (DEC).

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate normal preseptal thickness and collect baseline data in normal skin in a given population with no orbital pathology.

    Materials & Method: Ultrasound was performed on 42 patients (23 females and 19 males) with clinically normal eyes and orbits for evaluation of normal orbital preseptal thickness. Read More

    Orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis in Taiwan, 1988 through 2015: Acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, and management.
    PLoS One 2017 3;12(10):e0184477. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Purpose: Paranasal sinusitis is widespread and can lead to orbital complications, blindness, and death. However, the correlation between ophthalmological findings and disease staging remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the staging, acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis during a 27-year period. Read More

    Clinical Outcome of Probing in Infants with Acute Dacryocystitis - A Prospective Study.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Aug 1;11(8):NC01-NC03. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Professor and Head, Department of Ophthalmology, IGIMS, Patna, Bihar, India.
    Introduction: Acute dacryocystitis is an uncommon but serious condition in infants and needs immediate treatment. Although, medical management with systemic antibiotics remains the mainstay of initial treatment, there are recent studies justifying simultaneous Naso Lacrimal Duct (NLD) probing with acceptable success rate.

    Aim: To assess the success rate of probing in the management of infantile acute dacryocystitis and to analyse the factors affecting it. Read More

    Orbital apex syndrome secondary to a fungal nasal septal abscess caused by Scedosporium apiospermum in a patient with uncontrolled diabetes: a case report.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 09 26;17(1):649. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Department of Clinical Pathology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0047, Japan.
    Background: Orbital apex syndrome is a localized type of orbital cellulitis, where mass lesions occur at the apex of the cranial nerves. Although nasal septal abscess is uncommon, the organism most likely to cause nasal septal abscess is Staphylococcus aureus, and fungal septal abscesses are rare. Here we present an extremely rare and serious case of orbital apex syndrome secondary to fungal nasal septal abscess caused by Scedosporium apiospermum in a patient with uncontrolled diabetes. Read More

    Bilateral Subperiosteal Hematoma and Orbital Compression Syndrome in Sickle Cell Disease.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Nov;28(8):e775-e776
    *Şehit Kamil State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, G.Antep †Department of Ophthalmology ‡Division of Pediatric Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University §Mersin State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, Mersin, Turkey.
    A 14-year-old boy with sickle cell disease presented with preseptal cellulitis findings as proptosis, eyelid edema, and hyperemia. His best corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 20/20 and 16/20 in the left eye. He had limited ductions in vertical and lateral gazes in both eyes. Read More

    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Fall;11(4):332-334
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Dicle University of Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey; and†Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
    Purpose: To evaluate the use of subtenon amikacin injection for the treatment of Nocardia asteroides orbital cellulitis in a patient with a history of scleral buckle surgery.

    Methods: Case report.

    Results: A 79-year-old diabetic woman presented with an 8-month history of diplopia, discharge, and swelling around her left eye. Read More

    Concomitant orbital aspergillosis and mucormycosis in a 17 months old immunocompetent child.
    Saudi J Ophthalmol 2017 Jul-Sep;31(3):193-195. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, United Arab Emirates.
    Isolated multiple orbital fungal infection (aspergillosis & mucormycosis) is extremely rare disease in immunocompetent individuals and especially in children. Placement of prosthetic device during the surgery could be one of the risk factors. The presentation is usually masquerading other entities which make early diagnosis a challengeable. Read More

    [Clinical analysis of orbital and periorbital abscess in 17 patients].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2017 Aug;53(8):588-593
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tianjin First Center Hospital, the First Central Clinical College of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300192, China.
    To discuss the etiology, clinical features and treatment principles of the orbital and periorbital abscess.A retrospective case series of 17 cases with orbital and periorbital abscess between July 2010 and November 2015 were conducted. All patients(,) clinical data including medical history, etiology, abscess location, paranasal sinus involvement, eye involvement, microbiological test results, imaging features, treatment and prognosis were summarized and analyzed. Read More

    Candida Species From Eye Infections: Drug Susceptibility, Virulence Factors, and Molecular Characterization.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2017 Aug;58(10):4201-4209
    Jhaveri Microbiology Centre, Brien Holden Eye Research Centre, L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Kallam Anji Reddy campus, Hyderabad, India.
    Purpose: To determine the type of Candida species in ocular infections and to investigate the relationship of antifungal susceptibility profile to virulence factors.

    Methods: Fifty isolates of yeast-like fungi from patients with keratitis, endophthalmitis, and orbital cellulitis were identified by Vitek-2 compact system and DNA sequencing of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 regions of the rRNA gene, followed by phylogenetic analysis for phenotypic and genotypic identification, respectively. Read More

    Acute Sickle Cell Orbitopathy Masquerading as Orbital Cellulitis.
    J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 Jan;40(1):79-80
    Oxford Eye Hospital, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Headington, UK.
    Sickle cell orbitopathy is a rare manifestation of a sickle cell crisis and can closely mimic orbital cellulitis, both clinically and radiologically. We present a case where a child presented with what was thought to be orbital cellulitis and was treated accordingly. Subtle radiologic features of sickle cell orbitopathy were initially overlooked, resulting in an incorrect diagnosis and a treatment delay for the patient. Read More

    Lacrimal gland abscesses: Case series and literature review.
    Orbit 2017 Dec 16;36(6):428-432. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine , Great Neck , New York , USA.
    Acute dacryoadenitis with abscess formation has been rarely described. We describe four cases that resolved with incision and drainage. This includes a retrospective case series of four patients with radiologically confirmed lacrimal gland abscesses and a review of the reported cases in the literature. Read More

    Orbital Cellulitis Following Orbital Blow-out Fracture.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Oct;28(7):1777-1779
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea..
    Orbital cellulitis and abscess have been described in the literature as complication that usually occur secondary to infection in the maxillary, ethmoidal, and frontal sinuses. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, or cerebral abscess. Orbital fractures are a common sequela of blunt orbital trauma, but are only rarely associated with orbital cellulitis. Read More

    [Diagnosis and treatment of orbital cellulitis].
    Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2017 ;161(0):D1342
    Academisch Medisch Centrum, Amsterdam.
    Orbital cellulitis is a rare disease usually caused by sinusitis. Generally, the prognosis of both preseptal cellulitis and orbital cellulitis is favourable. Radiological distinction should be made between an orbital abscess and subperiosteal empyema. Read More

    [Neisseria gonorrhoeae: an infrequent causal agent of periorbital cellulitis in a child].
    Arch Argent Pediatr 2017 Aug;115(4):e243-e246
    Departamento de Educación e Investigación, Instituto Roosevelt, Bogotá, Colombia.
    Periorbital cellulitis is a very common disease in pediatric population, it describes an infection involving the adjacent soft tissues anterior to the orbital septum. Pathogens involved are generally Gram-positive cocci after introduction of Haemophilus influenzae vaccine. We report a case of Neisseria gonorrhoeae periorbital cellulitis associated with bacterial conjunctivitis in a child. Read More

    Infective Endocarditis Presenting as Bilateral Orbital Cellulitis: An Unusual Case.
    Cureus 2017 Jun 14;9(6):e1350. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri Kansas City (UMKC).
    Orbital cellulitis is a severe and sight-threatening infection of orbital tissues posterior to the orbital septum. The most common causes of orbital cellulitis are rhinosinusitis, orbital trauma, and surgery. Infective endocarditis (IE) is a systemic infection that begins on cardiac valves and spreads by means of the bloodstream to peripheral organs. Read More

    Management of Extraocular Infections.
    Indian J Pediatr 2017 Dec 14;84(12):945-952. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Cornea & Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital & PG Institute of Ophthalmology, 1, Anna Nagar, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, 625 020, India.
    Extraocular infection is a frequently encountered problem in children including neonates and infants. Prompt recognition of the extraocular disease and management at first contact reduces the ocular morbidity and visual impairment. Delay in administering appropriate therapy and referral to an eye care personnel may result in blindness; sometimes bilateral, due to severe ophthalmia neonatorum. Read More

    [Complications of sinusitis].
    Presse Med 2017 Jul - Aug;46(7-8 Pt 1):655-659. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Hôpital d'instruction des Armées-Percy, service d'ORL et de chirurgie cervico-faciale, 101, avenue Henri-Barbusse, 92140 Clamart, France.
    The complications of sinusitis are essentially secondary to ethmoidal and frontal sinusitis, occurring in patients weakened, particularly in case of immunodeficiency or anatomical defects. The gravity is due to the risk of spreading infection in intracranial tissues and orbital cavity. The diagnosis is always to discuss any symptomatology resistant to treatment and the appearance of orbital or neurological signs. Read More

    Paediatric orbital cellulitis and the relationship to underlying sinonasal anatomy on computed tomography.
    J Laryngol Otol 2017 Aug 7;131(8):714-718. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    Department of Paediatric Otorhinolaryngology,Royal Hospital for Children,Glasgow,Scotland,UK.
    Objective: To assess if there is an association between sinonasal anatomical variants and the risk of developing orbital cellulitis and associated complications, in children.

    Methods: A retrospective case-control series was conducted, examining computed tomography confirmed sinonasal anatomical variants of septal deviation and concha bullosa in children who presented with periorbital cellulitis who went on to develop orbital cellulitis and abscesses.

    Results: Thirty children had a Chandler score of 2 or greater on computed tomography. Read More

    Odontogenic orbital cellulitis associated with cavernous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a case report.
    J Med Case Rep 2017 Jun 20;11(1):164. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Eye Clinic, Melegnano Hospital, Vizzolo Predabissi, Milan, Italy.
    Background: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis.

    Case Presentation: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. Read More

    Orbital abscess following posterior subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide.
    Orbit 2017 Jun 3;36(3):135-136. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    a Ophthalmology Department , Mater Misericordiae University Hospital , Dublin , Ireland.
    Orbital cellulitis is a serious sight threatening and potentially life threatening condition which can be complicated by orbital abscess formation. Posterior subtenon (PST) injection of corticosteroid is commonly used in the treatment of posterior segment inflammation including post-operative macular oedema. We report a case of orbital abscess formation as a late complication of PST triamcinolone acetonide and discuss the presentation, diagnosis and management. Read More

    Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates From Children With Periorbital or Orbital Cellulitis.
    J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2017 Jun 1. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston; and.
    Background.: Periorbital and orbital cellulitis cause significant pediatric morbidity. Here, we define the clinical features of and characterize isolates from children with periorbital or orbital cellulitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus at Texas Children's Hospital in Houston. Read More

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