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    Epidural empyema secondary to orbital cellulitis: A case report.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2007 Sep-Oct;17(1):841-843
    A-3 Mother Teresa Nagar, S.M.S Hospital, Jaipur - India.
    Purpose: To report a case of epidural empyema, a rare complication of orbital cellulitis, underlining the importance of early diagnosis and appropriate therapy to avoid severe complications often associated with this disease.

    Methods: The treatment was initiated with extended spectrum antibiotics such as third generation cephalosporins along with aminoglycoside or metronidazole for anaerobes.

    Results: The patient responded well and was asymptomatic after 15 days. Read More

    Radiologic findings in infected and noninfected scleral buckles.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2007 Sep-Oct;17(1):804-811
    department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Beirut - Lebanon.
    Purpose: To present the radiologic findings in scleral buckle infections and in the early postoperative period after scleral buckling.

    Methods: Retrospective multicenter orbital computed tomography (CT) study of 14 patients and brain magnetic resonance (MR) in one patient with scleral buckle infections, some with the referring diagnosis of endophthalmitis, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, orbital cellulitis, or unilateral headache. The control population consisted of early postoperative prospective CT study of 38 consecutive patients with scleral buckle without clinical infection. Read More

    Orbital cellulitis following implantation of aqueous drainage devices.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2007 Jan - Feb;17(1):136-140
    Oculoplastic and Orbit Divisio, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh - Saudi Arabia.
    Purpose: Orbital cellulitis (OC) as a complication of implanted aqueous drainage devices (ADD) for glaucoma is an uncommon phenomenon. The authors report two cases of infectious OC in patients with a history of congenital glaucoma and placement of ADD.

    Methods: Clinical records of two patients with ADD who subsequently developed OC were reviewed for presenting symptoms, signs, medical and surgical management, and final outcome. Read More

    Olopatadine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate in Topical Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis: A Single Blind Randomised Study.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Dec 1;10(12):MC04-MC07. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Residents, Department of ENT, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University , Karad, Maharashtra, India .
    Introduction: The use of corticosteroids or antihistaminics in treatment of allergic rhinitis is known and practiced since long. The efficacy of topical use of fluticasone propionate and Olopatadine Hydrochloride (HCL) for symptomatic relief of allergic rhinitis has been studied either individually or with other drugs. But very few studies show comparison between these two drugs. Read More

    Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma presenting as orbital cellulitis.
    GMS Ophthalmol Cases 2017 6;7:Doc04. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    Pathology Department, Hospital Sultanah Aminah Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.
    Objective: To report an aggressive case of extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) of the ethmoid sinus presenting as orbital cellulitis Method: Case report Results: A 56-year-old male presented with right eye redness, reduced vision, and periorbital swelling for 5 weeks duration associated with a two-month history of blocked nose. The visual acuity of the right eye was 6/18. The eye was proptosed with periorbital oedema and conjunctival chemosis. Read More

    Orbital Cellulitis Following Uncomplicated Aqueous Shunt Surgery.
    J Glaucoma 2017 Feb;26(2):e101-e102
    Sunderland Eye Infirmary, Sunderland, Tyne and Wear.
    Purpose: To date, there have only been 5 reported cases of orbital cellulitis following implantation of an aqueous tube shunt for glaucoma. Previously reported cases have involved eyes with significant comorbidities and successful management has often required the removal of the device alongside systemic antibiotic therapy.

    Patients And Methods: We present a 53-year-old man with severe orbital cellulitis, 3 months after routine implantation of a Baerveldt tube shunt for primary open angle glaucoma. Read More

    True abscess formation is rare in bacterial orbital cellulitis; consequences for treatment.
    Am J Otolaryngol 2016 Nov 24. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Pre- or retroseptal bacterial orbital cellulitis (pOC/rOC) is not an uncommon orbital disease. Treatment consists of antibiotics with or without surgical drainage. Several questions regarding course, complications and outcome of treatment are unanswered and the indication for surgery is not well defined. Read More

    Recurrent Orbital Inflammation Mimicking Orbital Cellulitis Associated With Orbitopalpebral Venous Lymphatic Malformation.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Nov 22. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    *King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; †Department of Ophthalmology, Complejo Hospitalario Palencia, Palencia, Spain; ‡Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; §Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt; and ‖Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto - University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
    An 8-year-old boy initially presented with an orbitopalpebral mass diagnosed clinically and radiologically as a low-flow diffuse venous lymphatic malformation involving the left upper eyelid and orbit. Over 8 months of follow up, he had 2 acute episodes of severe orbital inflammation that warranted hospitalization and treatment with intravenous antibiotic, steroids and surgical debulking. After a third surgical excision, the lesion remained clinically stable. Read More

    Intraorbital foreign bodies: Clinical features and outcomes of surgical removal.
    Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2016 Sep;22(5):432-436
    Department of Ophthalmology, Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa-Turkey.
    Background: The present study is an evaluation of clinical features and management outcomes of patients operated on for intraorbital foreign bodies (FBs).

    Methods: Medical records of 24 patients who underwent surgery for intraorbital FBs within a 10-year period were reviewed.

    Results: Twenty patients (83%) were male and 4 (17%) were female (mean age: 28 years; range: 4-69 years). Read More

    Current Trends in Treatment Outcomes of Orbital Cellulitis in a Tertiary Hospital in Southern Nigeria.
    Niger J Surg 2016 Jul-Dec;22(2):107-110
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 1111, Benin, Edo State, Nigeria.
    Background: Orbital cellulitis refers to the inflammation or infection of the soft tissues of the orbit located behind the orbital septum.

    Aim: To determine the current trends in the outcomes following the management of orbital cellulitis in a tertiary hospital in Southern Nigeria.

    Patients And Methods: A retrospective review of medical records of patients with orbital cellulitis from January 2008 to December 2014 was conducted. Read More

    Practice patterns in the use of prophylactic antibiotics following nonoperative orbital fractures.
    Clin Ophthalmol 2016 27;10:2129-2133. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine; Department of Bioengineering, College of Engineering, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the practice management patterns of the current members of the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) and to determine the use of oral prophylactic antibiotics in an attempt to prevent orbital cellulitis following nonoperative orbital fractures.

    Patients And Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was emailed to all the members of ASOPRS regarding their current management of nonsurgical orbital fractures and their experience with orbital cellulitis following nonoperative orbital fractures.

    Results: The majority of practicing oculoplastic surgeon members of ASOPRS do not routinely prescribe prophylactic antibiotics for patients with nonoperative orbital fractures or patients with orbital fractures whom the physicians are observing and who might potentially need surgical intervention. Read More

    Ophthalmomyiasis interna masquerading as orbital cellulitis.
    J AAPOS 2016 Dec 31;20(6):546-548.e2. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, England; UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, UCSF Medical Center (Mission Bay), San Francisco, California.
    Ophthalmomyiasis interna posterior is a rare condition caused by the invasion of the ocular posterior segment by the larval form of certain flies in the order Diptera. The main clinical features are reduced visual acuity, intense posterior uveitis, and neuroretinitis. Treatment of this condition is predominantly surgical, including argon laser photocoagulation for subretinal larva and pars plana vitrectomy for intravitreal infection. Read More

    Management of frontal sinusitis-associated subperiosteal abscess in children less than 9 years of age.
    J AAPOS 2016 Dec 31;20(6):527-531.e1. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Vanderbilt Eye Institute, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To investigate practice patterns for cases of subperiosteal abscess (SPA) with concomitant frontal sinusitis to identify factors favorable to medical management in children <9 years of age.

    Methods: The medical records of all pediatric cases of orbital and periorbital cellulitis admitted at a tertiary care center from 1999-2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Cases were included if radiography demonstrated sinusitis-associated SPA in children <9 years of age. Read More

    Complete Vision Loss following Orbital Cellulitis Secondary to Acute Dacryocystitis.
    Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2016 10;2016:9630698. Epub 2016 Oct 10.
    Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA; Robert Cizik Eye Clinic, Houston, TX, USA.
    We present a case of a 50-year-old woman with acute dacryocystitis that was complicated by posterior rupture of the lacrimal sac causing an orbital cellulitis with subsequent visual acuity of no light perception. Upon presentation, she was immediately started on broad-spectrum antibiotics and underwent surgical incision and drainage of the lacrimal sac abscess but never regained vision. There are 4 cases in the literature of permanent severe vision loss from acute dacryocystitis. Read More

    Most preschool children hospitalised for acute rhinosinusitis had orbital complications, more common in the youngest and among boys.
    Acta Paediatr 2017 Feb 24;106(2):268-273. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Sach's Children and Youth Hospital, South General Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Aim: This study established the incidence of acute rhinosinusitis and related orbital complications in tertiary care in Stockholm County and surveyed the clinical outcomes.

    Methods: This was a population-based, retrospective, observational study, from July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2007, of the hospital admissions records of 213 children up to five years old, with a diagnosis of sinusitis and related complications.

    Results: Preseptal cellulitis was present in 171 of the 213 admissions, which equated to an incidence of orbital complications due to acute rhinosinusitis of 36 per 100 000 people per year (95% confidence interval 26-49). Read More

    Orbital Cellulitis with Endogenous Panophthalmitis caused by Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus in pregnancy.
    Jpn J Infect Dis 2016 Oct 31. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College & General Hospital.
    Orbital cellulitis along with panophthalmitis is uncommon. The causes are usually trauma-related or endogenous. The prognosis in terms of globe salvage is very poor with most cases usually requiring enucleation or evisceration of the affected eye. Read More

    Bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis in a patient with tacrolimus-associated posttransplant thrombotic microangiopathy.
    Eur J Ophthalmol 2016 Oct 13;27(1). Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and Ear Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA - USA.
    Purpose: To report a case of bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) in a patient with tacrolimus-associated posttransplant thrombotic microangiopathy.

    Methods: Case report.

    Results: An 8-year-old boy with a medical history of orthotopic heart transplant, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease, and recurrent infections was hospitalized for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Read More

    A rare case of Enterococcus faecalis-induced orbital cellulitis and myositis.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2016 Aug;64(8):609-11
    Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India.
    Orbital cellulitis is an infection of soft tissue behind the orbital septum. Common pathogens isolated include Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Streptococcus pneumoniae. It is a straightforward diagnosis and usually responds to empirical treatment without any sequela. Read More

    Clinical implications of microbial biofilms in chronic rhinosinusitis and orbital cellulitis.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Sep 21;16(1):165. Epub 2016 Sep 21.
    Department of Anatomy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110029, India.
    Background: Discovery of sessile mode of microbial existence (Biofilm state) focussed much interest, during the recent years, on the study of biofilms in many recurring and chronic infections. However, the exact role of microbial biofilms in chronic rhinosinusitis and orbital cellulitis were not elucidated earlier. The purpose of the present study was to look for the adherent property and biofilm producing ability of the clinical isolates in chronic rhinosinusitis and orbital cellulitis, and to look for the effects of antimicrobial agents on these biofilms by colorimetric assay and ultrastructural analysis. Read More

    Treatment of Orbital Complications Following Acute Rhinosinusitis in Children.
    Balkan Med J 2016 Jul 1;33(4):401-6. Epub 2016 Jul 1.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China; Institute of Eye and ENT, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.
    Background: The orbital complications account for about 80% of all complications secondary to acute rhinosinusitis. If the treatment is not correct and in time, orbital complications could progress rapidly, leading to optic neuritis, cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis or life-threatening intracranial complications.

    Aims: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of conservative therapy for the patients with orbital cellulitis and endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) performed on patients with subperiosteal abscess (SPA) secondary to acute rhinosinusitis in children. Read More

    [Orbital and periorbital cellulitis in children. Epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic aspects and course].
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2016 Sep 30;39(7):609-14. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
    Service de pédiatrie A, hôpital Mère-Enfant, CHU Mohamed VI, avenue Ibn Sina Ammerchich, BP 2360, 40000 Marrakech, Maroc.
    Orbital cellulitis in children is a rare but potentially serious condition. The goal of this study is to analyze the epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic aspects and typical course of orbital and periorbital cellulitis in children, so as to propose a clinical management protocol adapted to our context. During the retrospective study period (2008-2014), 28 cases were hospitalized in the pediatric department at the Mohammed VI university medical center in Marrakech. Read More

    Nontraumatic head and neck emergencies: a clinical approach. Part 1: cervicofacial swelling, dysphagia, and dyspnea.
    Radiologia 2016 Sep-Oct;58(5):329-42. Epub 2016 Aug 10.
    Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro-Majadahonda, Madrid, España.
    Nontraumatic emergencies of the head and neck represent a challenge in the field of neuroradiology for two reasons: first, they affect an area where the thorax joins the cranial cavity and can thus compromise both structures; second, they are uncommon, so they are not well known. Various publications focus on nontraumatic emergencies of the head and neck from the viewpoints of anatomic location or of particular diseases. However, these are not the most helpful viewpoints for dealing with patients in the emergency department, who present with particular signs and symptoms. Read More

    Early Differential Diagnosis of Rhino-Orbito-Cerebral Mucormycosis and Bacterial Orbital Cellulitis: Based on Computed Tomography Findings.
    PLoS One 2016 8;11(8):e0160897. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
    Purpose: To identify significant clinical and radiological findings that distinguish rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM) from bacterial orbital cellulitis (BOC).

    Methods: This study was retrospective, multicenter, case-control study that enrolled 34 cases; 14 cases were diagnosed with ROCM and 20 cases were diagnosed with BOC at three different tertiary hospitals between 2005 and 2013. The medical records of all 34 cases were reviewed. Read More

    Serratia liquefaciens Causing Severe Ocular Damage in Noncontact Lens Wearer.
    Eye Contact Lens 2016 Jul 27. Epub 2016 Jul 27.
    Department of Ophthalmology (A.R., M.R., A.M.), Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom; and University Hospital of Coventry and Warwickshire (M.R.), NHS Trust, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Serratia liquefaciens is a rarely encountered gram-negative organism in ophthalmology practice. The only reported ocular infections are from contamination of contact lenses. The authors report the first case of a patient who developed orbital cellulitis secondary to severe S. Read More

    Choroidal malignant melanoma with no extraocular extension presenting as orbital cellulitis.
    Orbit 2016 Oct 27;35(5):285-7. Epub 2016 Jul 27.
    a Department of Opthalmology , Ege Universitesi Tip Fakultesi , Izmir , Turkey.
    This report describes a patient with choroidal malignant melanoma presenting as orbital cellulitis without extraocular tumor extension. It is an interventional case report with histopathologic correlation. A 68-year-old male presented with a 3-day history of painful hyperemia and swelling in the right eye. Read More

    Bifrontal brain abscesses secondary to orbital cellulitis and sinusitis extension.
    Int J Emerg Med 2016 Dec 26;9(1):23. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, 703 Main St., Paterson, NJ, 07030, USA.
    Background: Intracranial abscesses are rare and life-threatening conditions that typically originate from direct extension from nearby structures, hematogenous dissemination or following penetrating cerebral trauma or neurosurgery.

    Findings: A 36-year-old male presented to our emergency department with complaints of left eye swelling, headache and drowsiness. On physical exam, the patient was febrile and his left upper eyelid was markedly swollen with fluctuance and drainage. Read More

    Association of oral flora with orbital complications of acute sinusitis.
    Am J Rhinol Allergy 2016 Jul;30(4):257-60
    Department of Otolaryngology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
    Background: Acute and chronic sinusitis in children and adults can spread to the orbit. Oral flora has been seen in orbital infections, but the extent of synergy between pathogens in such infections remains unknown.

    Methods: A retrospective case series of patients with complicated sinusitis that involved the orbit from acute sinusitis who were admitted to a tertiary care hospital from January 2000 to December 2014 and who had surgical cultures obtained. Read More

    Complications of sinusitis.
    Am J Rhinol Allergy 2016 Jul;30(4):241-5
    Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.
    Background: Sinusitis is a common disorder associated with significant patient symptomatology that adversely affects quality of life. Sinusitis can cause further morbidity and mortality through its impact on comorbid disorders, progression of inflammation, and extension of infection.

    Objective: This review highlights common complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Read More

    CT and MR Imaging in the Diagnosis of Scleritis.
    AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2016 Dec 21;37(12):2334-2339. Epub 2016 Jul 21.
    Radiology (T.A.F.), Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Scleritis is a rare, underdiagnosed vision-threatening condition that can occur isolated or in association with other orbital abnormalities. The etiology of scleritis is mainly inflammatory noninfectious, either idiopathic or in the context of systemic disease. Ultrasonography remains the criterion standard in diagnostic imaging of this condition but might prove insufficient, and studies on the diagnostic value of CT and MR imaging are lacking. Read More

    Case report of subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma complicated by eyelid swelling.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Jul 20;16:117. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Toho University Sakura Medical Center, 564-1 Shimoshizu, Sakura, 285-8741, Japan.
    Background: Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is a rare, highly malignant, extranodal lymphoma that preferentially infiltrates into subcutaneous adipose tissue. No case of SPTCL with the earliest symptoms occurring in the eye region has been reported. We report a case of SPTCL complicated by eyelid swelling. Read More

    Imaging of orbital disorders.
    Handb Clin Neurol 2016 ;135:659-72
    Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA.
    Diseases of the orbit can be categorized in many ways, but in this chapter we shall group them according to etiology. Inflammatory diseases of the orbits may be infectious or noninfectious. Of the infections, orbital cellulitis is the most common and typically arises as a complication of acute sinusitis. Read More

    Clinical-Radiological Correlation of Retained Silicone Sponge Presenting as Orbital Inflammation.
    Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2016 16;2016:5291587. Epub 2016 Jun 16.
    Allure Laser and Medispa/Aesthetic Eye Associates, 625 4th Avenue, Suite 302, Kirkland, WA 98033, USA.
    A 32-year-old female who underwent scleral buckle removal presented 5 weeks postoperatively with a red, fluctuant subconjunctival mass. CT scan identified an irregularly bordered, hypoattenuated lesion next to the globe with the density of air. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgeons were consulted to evaluate orbital cellulitis with intraorbital gas, at which point it was deemed that the hypoattenuated mass was likely a retained sponge element based on its radiological features. Read More

    Clinical and microbiologic features of dacryocystitis-related orbital cellulitis.
    Orbit 2016 Oct 11;35(5):258-61. Epub 2016 Jul 11.
    d Department of Ophthalmology , Kansas University , Prairie Village , Kansas , USA.
    Dacryocystitis-related orbital cellulitis is a relatively rare condition, and large case series of this clinical entity have been reported. This study was undertaken to identify a larger cohort of patients with this ailment, with the intent of defining its clinical and microbiologic features. Case logs from four institutions were reviewed to identify patients that suffered from dacryocystitis-related orbital cellulitis. Read More

    Management of paediatric periorbital cellulitis: Our experience of 243 children managed according to a standardised protocol 2012-2015.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Aug 7;87:134-8. Epub 2016 Jun 7.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Royal Hospital for Children, Glasgow, Scotland.
    Introduction: Paediatric periorbital cellulitis is a common condition. Accurate assessment can be challenging and appropriate use of CT imaging is essential. We audited admissions to our unit over a four year period, with reference to CT scanning and adherence to our protocol. Read More

    Pediatric nasal orbital cellulitis in Shenzhen (South China): Etiology, management, and outcomes.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Aug 7;87:98-104. Epub 2016 Jun 7.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Shenzhen Children's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.
    Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of orbital cellulitis in children in Shenzhen, China, and to improve the experience of antibiotic therapy for the treatment of orbital cellulites.

    Methods: This retrospective study reviewed data from 20 children admitted to Shenzhen Children's Hospital between January 2009 and December 2013, with a diagnosis of nasal orbital cellulitis, severe enough to warrant hospitalization. Thirteen subjects (65%) were male and 7 (35%) were female. Read More

    Orbital Cysticercosis - masquerading as preseptal cellulitis with ptosis.
    Nepal J Ophthalmol 2015 Jul;7(14):206-8
    We are sharing a case of orbital cysticercosis,which presented to us initially with simple ptosis and later on with upper lid inflammation and restricted ocular motility in upgaze. Human cysticercosis, a parasitic infection caused by Cysticercus cellulosae, the larval form of the cestode, Taenia solium, is a benign infection of the subcutaneous tissues, inter-muscular fascia, muscles and other organs. Though it exists worldwide, it is more prevalent in the developing countries of Latin America, Asia and Africa, especially in areas where under-cooked pork is consumed regularly (Pushker et al, 2001). Read More

    [Orbital complication of acute sinusitis : Orbital cellulitis in a 10-year-old child].
    Ophthalmologe 2016 Jun 17. Epub 2016 Jun 17.
    Universitätsklinik für Augenheilkunde, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Deutschland.
    Bacterial orbital cellulitis is a life-threatening infection of the postseptal orbital tissue. It can occur in the context of sinusitis, particularly in children and adolescents. Ocular complications include exposure keratopathy, increased intraocular pressure, occlusion of the central retinal artery or vein and optic neuropathy. Read More

    Evaluation of the Painful Eye.
    Am Fam Physician 2016 Jun;93(12):991-8
    Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI, USA.
    Eye problems constitute 2% to 3% of all primary care and emergency department visits. Common eye conditions that can cause eye pain are conjunctivitis, corneal abrasion, and hordeolum, and some of the most serious eye conditions include acute angle-closure glaucoma, orbital cellulitis, and herpetic keratitis. The history should focus on vision changes, foreign body sensation, photophobia, and associated symptoms, such as headache. Read More

    Orbital complications associated with paranasal sinus infections - A 10-year experience in Israel.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Jul 25;86:60-2. Epub 2016 Apr 25.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Carmel Medical Center, Israel.
    Objective: Orbital involvement is the most common complication of sinus infections. The epidemiology of the disease is continuously changing in the antibiotic era.

    Materials And Methods: Data on patients who were hospitalized due to acute sinusitis and orbital complications were retrospectively collected and analyzed from four medical centers in Israel during the years 2002-2012. Read More

    Panophthalmitis with orbital cellulitis following glaucoma drainage implant surgery in a pediatric patient.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2016 Apr;79(2):123-5
    Department of Ophthalmology, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Here we report a case of childhood glaucoma refractory to angle and trabeculectomy surgery. The patient was treated with an Ahmed™ drainage implant that was subsequently complicated by rapid-onset panophthalmitis and orbital cellulitis. Intravenous and intravitreal antibiotic therapy was initiated and the drainage tube was removed. Read More

    Periorbital cellulitis in children: Analysis of outcome of intravenous antibiotic therapy.
    Orbit 2016 Aug 18;35(4):175-80. Epub 2016 May 18.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Pedro Hispano Hospital , Matosinhos , Portugal.
    Periorbital cellulitis is a relatively common ocular disease in the pediatric population. Early diagnosis of this disease with a prompt intervention is critical to avoid vision and life-threatening complications. In the last years, medical therapy has been expanding for the treatment of orbital cellulitis, instead of the standard surgical approach. Read More

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