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    1 OF 227

    Surgical Site Infection and Colorectal Surgical Procedures: A Prospective Analysis of Risk Factors.
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2017 Feb 22. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    3 Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    Background: Colorectal surgical procedures (CRS) are associated with the highest surgical site infection (SSI) rate among elective operations. A wide range of patient and surgical characteristics have been identified as risk factors for SSI. Most studies are limited by reliance on retrospective data or subset analysis of data that includes CRS. Read More

    Detection of soft-tissue abscess: Comparison of diffusion-weighted imaging to contrast-enhanced MRI.
    J Magn Reson Imaging 2017 Apr 22. Epub 2017 Apr 22.
    Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performances of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed without intravenous contrast material with gadolinium contrast material-enhanced (CE) MRI for diagnosing soft-tissue abscesses.

    Materials And Methods: In all, 119 patients (mean age: 56 years) with skin and soft-tissue infection who underwent contrast-enhanced MRI with DWI (b = 0-800) were included. Two readers independently reviewed both image sets-nonenhanced conventional MR images (NECI)+DWI, and NECI+contrast enhanced fat-suppressed T1 -weighted imaging (CEFST1 )-for the presence of abscess. Read More

    Ultrasound of ankles in the diagnosis of complications of chikungunya fever.
    Radiol Bras 2017 Mar-Apr;50(2):71-75
    PhD, Adjunct Professor of Rheumatology at the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.
    Objective: To describe the main ultrasound findings of chikungunya fever in the ankle.

    Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study involving 52 patients referred to the Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto and presenting with clinical and biochemical evidence of chikungunya fever. The examinations were performed by a radiologist with more than 20 years of experience in ultrasound. Read More

    Looking Beyond the Cell in Cellulitis.
    Adv Skin Wound Care 2017 May;30(5):209-212
    Vincent Maida, MD, MSc, BSc, CCFP(PC), FCFP, ABHPM, is Associate Professor, Division of Palliative Care, University of Toronto; and Clinical Assistant Professor, Division of Palliative Care, McMaster University and Division of Palliative Medicine, William Osler Health System, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Joyce T. W. Cheung, MD, BSc, CCFP, is a Palliative Medicine Consultant, Division of Palliative Medicine, William Osler Health System, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Background: Patients with erythematous skin are likely to receive a diagnosis of cellulitis; however, the accuracy of this diagnosis is approximately only 33%. The diagnosis of cellulitis should be made only after a thorough evaluation of all possible differential diagnoses. Cellulitis may be a primary process (superficial spreading infective process involving only the epidermis and dermis) versus a secondary (reactive) process incited by a subcutaneous process, such as an abscess, tenosynovitis, necrotizing fasciitis, and osteomyelitis. Read More

    Dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp with Excellent Response to Isotretinoin.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Division of Dermatology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas.
    An 18-year-old man presented for evaluation of a 1-year history of painful nodules on the scalp with associated hair loss. Physical examination revealed multiple confluent, fluctuant, boggy nodules on the scalp with overlying alopecic patches. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of dissecting cellulitis of the scalp was made and the patient was successfully treated with oral isotretinoin therapy. Read More

    Complications and Functional Outcomes After Pantalar Dislocation.
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 2017 Apr;99(8):666-675
    1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
    Background: Pantalar dislocations without associated talar fracture are rare and have high risks of complications, including infection, osteonecrosis, and posttraumatic osteoarthrosis. Limited information on later function exists. This study evaluated complications and outcomes following pantalar dislocation without talar fracture. Read More

    Fluoroscopy-guided placement of pull-type mushroom-retained gastrostomy tubes in 102 patients.
    Diagn Interv Imaging 2017 Apr 14. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Erciyes University, Medical Faculty, Gevher Nesibe Hospital, Department of Radiology, 38039, Kayseri, Turkey. Electronic address:
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical and clinical results of fluoroscopy-guided placement of pull-type mushroom-retained gastrostomy tubes.

    Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included 102 patients (61 men, 41 women) with a mean age of 59years±16.3 (SD) (range, 18-94years) who had fluoroscopy-guided placement of pull-type mushroom-retained gastrostomy tubes. Read More

    Diulafoy's Lesion - An Uncanny Etiology of Gastrointestinal Bleed.
    J La State Med Soc 2017 Mar-Apr;169(2):50. Epub 2017 Apr 15.
    Department of Medicine, Baton Rouge General Medical Center in Baton Rouge, LA.
    Introduction: Dieulafoy's lesion is a relatively rare, but potentially life-threatening, condition. It accounts for 1-2 percent of acute gastrointestinal (GI); bleeding.

    Case: A 99-year-old woman was initially admitted due to left lower extremity cellulitis related to chronic venous stasis ulcer and was receiving broad-spectrum IV antibiotics. Read More

    Nontraumatic head and neck injuries: a clinical approach. Part 2.
    Radiologia 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro-Majadahonda, Majadahonda, Madrid, España.
    Nontraumatic emergencies of the head and neck represent a challenge in the field of neuroradiology for two reasons. As explained in the first part of this update, these entities affect an area where the thorax joins the cranial cavity and can thus compromise both structures; second, they are uncommon, so they are not well known. Maintaining the same approach as in the first part, focusing on the clinical presentations in the emergency department rather than on the anatomic regions affected, we will study the entities that present with two patterns: those that present with a combination of cervical numbness, dysphagia, and dyspnea and those that present with acute sensory deficits. Read More

    Bacteremia caused by Bergeyella zoohelcum in an infective endocarditis patient: case report and review of literature.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Apr 12;17(1):271. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510080, China.
    Background: Bergeyella zoohelcum is an aerobic, Gram-negative bacterium that is frequently isolated from the upper respiratory tract of dogs, cats and other mammals. Clinically, B. zoohelcum has been reported causing cellulitis, tenosynovitis, leg abscess and septicemia, which is closely connected with animal bites. Read More

    Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Orbital Fractures.
    Open Ophthalmol J 2017 31;11:11-16. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, The George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA.
    Purpose: To determine whether prophylactic antibiotic use in patients with orbital fracture prevent orbital infection.

    Design: Retrospective cohort study.

    Participants: All patients diagnosed with orbital fracture between January 1, 2008 and March 1, 2014 at The George Washington University Hospital and Clinics. Read More

    Skin diseases of the vulva: Infectious diseases.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 Apr 11:1-9. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    a Department of Dermatology , Bispebjerg Hospital , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area. Read More

    [Erysipelas without fever or biologic inflammation during tocilizumab therapy].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Hôpital central, centre régional de pharmacovigilance, CHRU de Nancy, 29, avenue du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny, CO 60034, 54035 Nancy, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Tocilizumab (TCZ) is a monoclonal antibody that inhibits the interleukin 6 (IL-6) signalling pathway. This treatment is extremely effective in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which may well be accompanied by serious infections presenting misleading clinical pictures. Herein we report a case of a typical bacterial dermo-hypodermitis in a female patient treated with TCZ. Read More

    [Morel-Lavallée syndrome and post-traumatic nodular fat necrosis: Two post-traumatic complications mimicking cellulitis].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Service de dermatologie, université d'Auvergne, CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.
    Background: Dermal and subcutaneous inflammation following direct trauma is initially evocative of soft-tissue infection. However, two differential diagnoses must be considered: Morel-Lavallée syndrome and post-traumatic nodular fat necrosis.

    Patients And Methods: Case 1: a 51-year-old woman fell off her motorbike and had dermabrasions on her right and left tibial ridges that rapidly developed into dermo-hypodermitis of the entire limb. Read More

    Evaluation of an imaging protocol using ultrasound as the primary diagnostic modality in pediatric patients with superficial soft tissue infections of the face and neck.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 May 28;96:89-93. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Department of Otolaryngology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 410 W. 10th Ave., Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
    Objective: To determine the clinical impact of an initiative to use ultrasound (US) as the primary diagnostic modality for children with superficial face and neck infections versus use of computed tomography (CT).

    Methods: Children with a diagnosis of lymphadenitis, face or neck abscess, or face and neck cellulitis were retrospectively evaluated by the otolaryngology service. Patients were separated into two groups based on implementation of a departmental initiative to use US as the primary diagnostic modality. Read More

    Management of orbital cellulitis and subperiosteal orbital abscess in pediatric patients: A ten-year review.
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 May 6;96:72-76. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:
    Objective: Pediatric periorbital cellulitis represents a common disease complicating a nasal infection.

    Methods: A ten-year retrospective review of fifty-seven children admitted to our institution with the diagnosis of periorbital cellulitis as a complication of sinus infections was carried out.

    Results: The age varied from one month to eleven years (mean 3. Read More

    Dermatology-led lower-limb cellulitis service: analysis of 1,579 referrals (2007-15).
    Br J Dermatol 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Department of Dermatology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR7 4UY, UK.
    In 2014-15, there were 114,190 primary episodes of cellulitis in England, of which 75,838 (66.4%) required hospital admission(1) and this percentage remained unchanged from 2013-14 (69,299, 66.2%). Read More

    Texas Bull Nettle (Cnidoscolus texanus) Exposures Reported to Texas Poison Centers.
    Wilderness Environ Med 2017 Apr 3. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    Department of State Health Services, Environmental Epidemiology and Disease Registries Section, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, TX. Electronic address:
    Objective: Texas bull nettle (Cnidoscolus texanus) is covered in bristly hairs similar to stinging nettle. Contact with the plant may result in intense dermal pain, burning, itching, cellulitis, and allergic reaction. This study characterizes C texanus exposures reported to a large state-wide poison center system. Read More

    Minimally Invasive Surgery for Pott's Puffy Tumor: Is It Time for a Paradigm Shift in Managing a 250-Year-Old Problem?
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2017 Jun 4;126(6):433-437. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    1 Skull Base Unit, Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to review the clinical outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) in the management of Pott's puffy tumor (PPT).

    Methods: Literature PubMed review using a combination of MeSH terms and keywords was undertaken, combined with a single surgeon case series of 3 patients.

    Results: A total of 29 (20 males, median age 25 years) cases were reviewed. Read More

    Intravenous Steroids With Antibiotics on Admission for Children With Orbital Cellulitis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Mar 31. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A.
    Purpose: To compare the outcomes of children with orbital cellulitis treated with intravenous (IV) dexamethasone and antibiotics on admission to patients treated with antibiotics alone.

    Methods: Prospective comparative interventional study. Forty-three children admitted to a tertiary institution with orbital cellulitis were enrolled. Read More

    Therapeutic Use of Regional Limb Perfusion in a Chicken.
    J Avian Med Surg 2017 Mar;31(1):29-32
    A 2-year-old, 3.8-kg male Rhode Island red rooster was examined for lameness and progressive swelling of the right foot of several month's duration. Radiographs of the right foot demonstrated soft tissue swelling and a smoothly marginated periosteal reaction evident of inflammation affecting the bones. Read More

    Cellulitis Secondary to Liquid Nitrogen Cryotherapy: Case Report and Literature Review.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2017 Mar 1:1203475417702152. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    2 Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.
    Background: Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy is a commonly used technique to treat a wide variety of dermatologic conditions including actinic keratoses, non-melanoma skin cancers, verrucae, and seborrheic keratoses. The risks associated with liquid nitrogen cryotherapy are important to know and discuss with patients prior to treatment.

    Objective: We report a case of cellulitis secondary to liquid nitrogen cryotherapy for actinic keratosis. Read More

    Interleukin-1 and estrogen protect against disseminating dentoalveolar infections.
    Int J Oral Sci 2017 Mar;9(1):16-23
    Host-Microbiome Center, Department of Applied Oral Sciences, The Forsyth Institute, Cambridge, USA.
    Dentoalveolar bacterial infections cause localized tissue and bone destruction, but usually remain well-localized within teeth in immunocompetent hosts. However, in certain cases these infections may invade head and neck tissues, resulting in orofacial abscesses, cellulitis and sepsis, with resultant high morbidity and even mortality. In the present studies, we developed a novel model of spreading dentoalveolar infections in mice by treatment with neutralizing antibodies against both interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and IL-1β. Read More

    Rickettsialpox in a Pediatric Patient.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Apr;33(4):260-262
    From the Divisions of *Pediatric Infectious Disease, †Pediatric Hospital Medicine, and ‡Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital at Montefiore/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx NY.
    Rickettsialpox is a rare vector-borne rickettsiosis that manifests in hosts living in urban populations, particularly in New York City. The following is a case discussion of a 12-year-old girl with history of fever and right-ankle swelling. She was initially evaluated and treated for cellulitis. Read More

    Gastrointestinal manifestations of melioidosis: A single center experience.
    Indian J Gastroenterol 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, 6-3-661, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, 500 082, India.
    Melioidosis, being increasing, is reported from India. Gastrointestinal manifestations are typically reported as unusual cause of liver and/or splenic abscess. We aimed to describe various gastrointestinal manifestation of melioidosis in the present study. Read More

    Osseointegrated Finger Prostheses Using a Tripod Titanium Mini-Plate.
    Arch Plast Surg 2017 Mar 15;44(2):150-156. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Departamento De Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva, Hospital Militar Central, Universidad Militar "Nueva Granada", Bogotá, Colombia.
    Background: Digital amputation is a common upper extremity injury and can cause significant impairment in hand function, as well as psychosocial stigma. Currently, the gold standard for the reconstruction of such injuries involves autologous reconstruction. However, when this or other autologous options are not available, prosthetic reconstruction can provide a functionally and aesthetically viable alternative. Read More

    A cardiac implantable device infection by Raoultella planticola in an immunocompromized patient.
    JMM Case Rep 2017 Feb 28;4(2):e005080. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Basque Coast Hospital Centre , Bayonne , France.
    Introduction. Infection of cardiac implantable electronic devices is a severe condition associated with high mortality, particularly in patients who are dependent upon heart-pacing devices. Staphylococci are found in 70 % of reported cases. Read More

    Clinical features of children and adults with a muscular dystrophy using powered indoor/outdoor wheelchairs: disease features, comorbidities and complications of disability().
    Disabil Rehabil 2017 Feb 25:1-7. Epub 2017 Feb 25.
    b The Institute of Environment, Health and Societies, Brunel University London , Middlesex , UK.
    Purpose: To describe the clinical features of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchair users with a muscular dystrophy, likely to influence optimal prescription; reflecting features of muscular dystrophies, conditions secondary to disability, and comorbidities impacting on equipment provision.

    Methods: Cross-sectional retrospective case note review of recipients of electric powered indoor/outdoor wheelchairs provided by a specialist regional wheelchair service. Data on demography, diagnostic/clinical, and wheelchair prescription were systematically extracted. Read More

    Cutaneous manifestations of disseminated gonococcemia.
    Dermatol Online J 2017 Jan 15;23(1). Epub 2017 Jan 15.
    Medical School, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans.
    Background: Sexually transmitted infections, includingurogenital gonorrheal infection, are a growing healthconcern in the United States. Nearly 50% of cervicalinfections are asymptomatic. If left undiagnosedand untreated, there is a risk of disseminatedinfection. Read More

    Adjunctive clindamycin for cellulitis: a clinical trial comparing flucloxacillin with or without clindamycin for the treatment of limb cellulitis.
    BMJ Open 2017 Mar 17;7(3):e013260. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Acute Medicine Unit, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, UK.
    Objective: To compare flucloxacillin with clindamycin to flucloxacillin alone for the treatment of limb cellulitis.

    Design: Parallel, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial.

    Setting: Emergency department attendances and general practice referrals within 20 hospitals in England. Read More

    Odontogenic orbital abscess: a case report and review of literature.
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Mar 16. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Surgery, Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.
    Odontogenic orbital abscess is a rare but well-documented complication of sinusitis and infections spreading from dental apical lesion. We report a case of orbital abscess with periorbital cellulitis, in a 35-year-old man with positive recent dental history of a periapical dental infection arising from the second upper left premolar spread into maxillary sinus. The patient has shown facial edema, ocular pain, ophthalmoplegia, proptosis, and initial visual symptoms. Read More

    Periocular necrotizing fasciitis in an infant.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 11. Epub 2017 Mar 11.
    Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:
    Periocular necrotizing fasciitis developed in a 12-month-old boy with swelling of both eyes and redness and a discharge from the left eye approximately 36 hours after blunt trauma. Computed tomography revealed preseptal and soft-tissue edema on the left side, but no signs of orbital involvement, orbital fractures, or drainable abscess in the anterior left lower eyelid. The inflammatory signs worsened over the next day, and there was purulent discharge from the left lower eyelid and an abscess and necrosis of the lower eyelid skin. Read More

    Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients With Cellulitis Requiring Intensive Care.
    JAMA Dermatol 2017 Mar 15. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Center for Experimental and Molecular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands2Center for Infection and Immunity, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands3Division of Infectious Diseases, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    Importance: Cellulitis is a commonly occurring skin and soft tissue infection and one of the most frequently seen dermatological diseases in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, clinical characteristics of patients with cellulitis requiring intensive care treatment are poorly defined. Necrotizing fasciitis is often confused for cellulitis at initial presentation and is considered to be more severe and thus has previously been described in more detail. Read More

    Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis score for early diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis in Darwin.
    ANZ J Surg 2017 Mar 15. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Department of Surgery, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
    Background: Soft tissue infections are a major health burden in the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia. Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is associated with mortality rates from 8 to 40%. Early recognition and aggressive surgical debridement are the cornerstones of successful treatment. Read More

    Ocular bacterial infections at Quiha Ophthalmic Hospital, Northern Ethiopia: an evaluation according to the risk factors and the antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Mar 14;17(1):207. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, 1871, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
    Background: External and intraocular infections can lead to visual impairments, which is a major public health problem. Bacteria are the most frequent pathogens affecting ocular structures; the increasing rate of antimicrobial drug resistance is a worldwide concern. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of bacteria in ocular infections, their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and risk factors in bacterial ocular infection. Read More

    Extra-ocular retinoblastoma: about 12 cases followed at the Mohamed VI university hospital of Marrakech.
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 2;25:131. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Ophthalmology Department, Mohamed VI University Hospital, Marrakech, Morroco.
    Retinoblastoma is the most frequent childhood intraocular tumor. The aim of our study is to evaluate the clinical features and management of extra-ocular retinoblastoma in the Mohamed VI university hospital of Marrakech. Retrospective case series, the patient's records were reviewed for patient and tumor features, ocular management, histopathological findings, and patient survival. Read More

    Orbital Cellulitis in a Psoriatic Patient Treated With Adalimumab.
    Mil Med 2017 Mar;182(3):e1880-e1882
    Department of Dermatology, Naval Health Clinic Hawaii, 480 Central Avenue, Pearl Harbor, HI 96869.
    Introduction: Psoriatic patients on tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFi) may be at increased risk for upper respiratory tract infections, including chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS). Rarely, CRS can progress to orbital cellulitis (OC), an emergent ophthalmic complication wherein respiratory flora from paranasal sinus disease intrude the retro-orbital space.

    Materials And Methods: Single case report. Read More

    More Than Meets the Eye: Klebsiella pneumoniae Invasive Liver Abscess Syndrome Presenting with Endophthalmitis.
    J Emerg Med 2017 Mar 9. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Background: Endophthalmitis is a feared complication of pyogenic liver abscesses caused by hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strains. First described in East Asia in the 1980s, this invasive syndrome is only recently emerging in Europe and America.

    Case Report: We describe an 84-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with fever, orbital cellulitis, and bilateral visual loss. Read More

    Obesity-related Risk Factors in Implant-based Breast Reconstruction Using AlloDerm.
    Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2017 Feb 13;5(2):e1231. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    Division of Surgical Oncology, Banner MD Anderson, Gilbert, Ariz.; Department of Surgery, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Tex.; and Genetic Epidemiology & Omics Research Program, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, N.C.
    With a population in which 70% of the patients were overweight or obese, we reviewed retrospectively 135 breasts of 70 consecutive patients who underwent implant-based immediate breast reconstruction using freeze-dried AlloDerm as the acellular dermal matrix. Several obesity-related parameters were evaluated to determine their possible correlation to early postoperative complications. We found that breast width and surface area of AlloDerm usage correlated with the development of infection and mastectomy skin flap necrosis. Read More

    Complement inhibition by Sarcoptes scabiei protects Streptococcus pyogenes - An in vitro study to unravel the molecular mechanisms behind the poorly understood predilection of S. pyogenes to infect mite-induced skin lesions.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Mar 9;11(3):e0005437. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Infectious Diseases Department, Herston, Brisbane, Australia.
    Background: On a global scale scabies is one of the most common dermatological conditions, imposing a considerable economic burden on individuals, communities and health systems. There is substantial epidemiological evidence that in tropical regions scabies is often causing pyoderma and subsequently serious illness due to invasion by opportunistic bacteria. The health burden due to complicated scabies causing cellulitis, bacteraemia and sepsis, heart and kidney diseases in resource-poor communities is extreme. Read More

    Clinical profile and outcomes of management of orbital cellulitis in Upper Egypt.
    J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 2017 Dec 9;7(1). Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Minia University Hospital, Minia City, Minia Governorate, Egypt.
    Background: The purpose of this paper is to study the etiology, clinical findings, and outcomes of management of cases of orbital cellulitis treated in Minia University Hospital in Upper Egypt over the period of 6 years from July 2009 to July 2015. One-hundred two patients diagnosed to have orbital cellulitis were admitted to the hospital and treated on inpatient basis from July 2009 to July 2015. All patients were subjected to full ophthalmological examination, systemic evaluation, and ear, nose, and throat (ENT) consultation. Read More

    A double-blind randomized controlled trial of ibuprofen compared to placebo for uncomplicated cellulitis of the upper or lower limb.
    Clin Microbiol Infect 2017 Apr 6;23(4):242-246. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Global and Tropical Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research and Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia; Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, and the University of Melbourne, at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Objectives: Cellulitis is a common skin infection resulting in inflammation that may take weeks to resolve despite appropriate antibiotics. It is unclear whether the adjunctive use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs hastens the resolution of inflammation in patients with cellulitis.

    Methods: We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial comparing ibuprofen 400 mg three times daily for 5 days with identical placebo in adults with uncomplicated cellulitis of the upper or lower limb who were treated with intravenous cefazolin via an outpatient parenteral antibiotic treatment service at one of two Australian hospitals. Read More

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