22,323 results match your criteria Cavernous Liver Hemangioma Imaging


Multiple spontaneous coronary artery ruptures and cardiac tamponade in vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Feb 12;3(1):e29-e32. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

Department of Medicine and Biological Science, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-15 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan.

We report a case of a 45-year-old woman with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV, the vascular type, who presented with multiple coronary artery ruptures causing cardiac tamponade. She had sudden onset of chest pain soon after transarterial embolization for right carotid-cavernous fistula. Transthoracic echocardiography confirmed cardiac tamponade and hypokinetic inferolateral wall. Read More

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February 2011
1 Read

A Rare Scrotal Tumor: Epididymal Cavernous Hemangioma.

Case Rep Urol 2018 6;2018:4259563. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Urology Department, La Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction: Paratesticular tumors are rarely observed among scrotal neoplasm. Various types of benign lesions are described. Cavernous hemangioma belongs to uncommon epididymal benign tumors. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Pipeline embolization of a giant cavernous ICA aneurysm with direct carotid puncture and arteriotomy closure device: neuroendovascular surgical video.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60612. Electronic address:

Flow diversion technology has revolutionized the treatment of complex anterior circulation cerebral aneurysms. However, vessel tortuosity and atherosclerotic disease may hamper the standard transfemoral access used in these procedures. Percutaneous direct carotid puncture is a viable alternative, but adequate carotid closure must be achieved. Read More

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December 2018

Defining Long-Term clinical outcomes and risks of stereotactic radiosurgery for brainstem cavernous malformations.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Introduction: We evaluated clinical outcomes in patients with symptomatic brainstem cavernous malformations (CMs) treated by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).

Methods: Between 1988 and 2016, Gamma Knife® SRS was performed in 76 evaluable patients with solitary symptomatic brainstem CMs. Forty-nine (66%) were intrinsic (not reaching a pial or ependymal surface). Read More

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December 2018

Preservation of venous drainage in middle fossa during combined transpetrosal approach for petroclival meningioma.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Medical University, #6-7-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-0023, Japan.

The combined transpetrosal approach enables wide exposure around the petroclival region by lifting of the middle fossa dura and cutting of the tentorium. However, interruption of the venous drainage on the middle skull base during the transpetrosal approach has been reported to lead to temporal lobe damage.(1,2) This video (Video 1) demonstrates a microsurgical technique for the preservation of various venous drainage in the middle fossa, including the sphenobasal and sphenopetrosal veins, during the combined transpetrosal approach for treatment of a petroclival meningioma. Read More

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December 2018

Clarifying the relative impacts of vascular and nerve injury that culminate in erectile dysfunction in a pilot study using a rat model of prostate irradiation and a thrombopoietin mimetic.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Duke University School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Durham, NC 27710. Electronic address:

Purpose: Radiation therapy (RT) offers an important and curative approach to treating prostate cancer but is associated with a high incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED). It is not clear if the etiology of radiation-induced ED (RI-ED) is driven by RT-mediated injury to the vasculature, the nerves, or both. This pilot study sought to distinguish the impacts of vascular and nerve injury in RI-ED by applying a vascular radioprotectant in a rat model of prostate RT. Read More

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December 2018

Serum Aldosterone Is Associated with Cerebral Artery Atherosclerosis and Calcification.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Stroke Center, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background And Purpose: Elevated serum aldosterone concentration is known to be linked with elevated risk of cerebrovascular events as a result of vascular senescence. We studied the association between serum aldosterone concentration and cerebral arteriosclerosis status involving cerebral atherosclerosis burden and cerebral vascular calcification.

Methods: A total of 207 patients (mean age = 62. Read More

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December 2018

Volume Estimation Through Mental Simulation.

Psychol Sci 2018 Dec 7:956797618813319. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

2 Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley.

Although mental simulation underlies many day-to-day judgments, we identified a new domain influenced by simulation: volume estimation. Previous research has identified various ways in which volume estimates are biased but typically has not presented a psychological process by which such judgments are made. Our simulation-informs-perception account proposes that people often estimate a container's size by simulating filling it. Read More

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December 2018

Lack of Sphenoid Pneumatization Does Not Affect Endoscopic Endonasal Pediatric Skull Base Surgery Outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objectives/hypothesis: Currently, due to the rarity of pathology, there are limited data surrounding outcomes of pediatric skull base surgery. Traditionally, surgeons have proceeded with caution when electing endonasal endoscopic transsellar/transplanum approaches to the skull base in pediatric patients due to poor sphenoid pneumatization. In this study, we review outcomes of endoscopic pediatric skull base surgery based on sphenoid pneumatization patterns. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Glaucoma due to elevated episcleral venous pressure].

Ophthalmologe 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Klinikum der Universität Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauß-Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Deutschland.

Background: Glaucoma due to elevated episcleral venous pressure is a rare and difficult to treat form of secondary open angle glaucoma.

Objective: The pathophysiology, clinical findings, differential diagnosis and treatment options are discussed. Radius-Maumenee syndrome, Sturge-Weber syndrome and carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas are covered in particular. Read More

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November 2018

Role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of acromegaly.

J Pak Med Assoc 2018 Dec;68(12):1843-1845

Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Pakistan.

Acromegaly is a rare, indolent disease due to overproduction of growth hormone. Surgery is identified as primary treatment, but has its limitation, thus frequently requiring alternate treatment options as adjunct to surgery. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has been used as adjuvant and alternate therapy in patients with inoperable or residual disease; or those not fit for surgery. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Cavernous angioma of the cerebellopontine angle presenting as hemifacial spasm.

Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1826-1828

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shengli Oilfield Central Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Dongying, Shandong, China.

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December 2018
1 Read

Intratunical Injection of Human Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem Cells Restores Collagen III/I Ratio in a Rat Model of Chronic Peyronie's Disease.

Sex Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Laboratory for Experimental Urology, Organ Systems, Department of Development and Regeneration, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Introduction: Previous studies have shown that the injection of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) into the tunica albuginea (TA) during the active phase of Peyronie's disease (PD) prevents the development of fibrosis.

Aim: To investigate, using an animal model, whether local injection of human ADSCs (hADSCs) can alter the degree of fibrosis in the chronic phase of PD.

Methods: 27 male, 12-week-old rats were divided into 3 equal groups: sham, PD without treatment, and PD treated with hADSCs 1 month after disease induction. Read More

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November 2018

Multiple orbital cavernous haemangioma of 18 years evolution.

Authors:
R Martins Baia

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Departamento de Oftalmología, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Montemorelos, Montemorelos, Nuevo León, México; Servicio de Cirugía Plástica Ocular, Vía Lagrimal y Órbita, Departamento de Oftalmología, Instituto de la Visión, Hospital la Carlota, Montemorelos, Nuevo León, México. Electronic address:

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November 2018
1 Read

Percutaneous portal vein recanalization using self-expandable nitinol stents in patients with non-cirrhotic non-tumoral portal vein occlusion.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Radiodiagnostic and interventional radiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of portal vein recanalization (PVR) and propose a new classification for better selecting candidates with portal vein occlusion (PVO) in whom PVR could be feasible.

Materials And Methods: The charts of 15 non-cirrhotic patients in whom stent placement using a trans-hepatic approach was attempted for the treatment of PVO with cavernous transformation were reviewed. There were 12 men and 5 women with a mean age of 47±12 years (range: 22-60 years). Read More

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November 2018

Cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula managed by the inferior ophthalmic vein compression.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 9;53(6):e247-e249. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.

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December 2018
1 Read

Transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas: early results from a single center.

Hormones (Athens) 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Endocrinology, Department of Translational Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Via Solaroli 17, 28100, Novara, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate early results of transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas.

Design: Retrospective evaluation of 90 consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic pituitary adenoma surgery (2007-2016) at "Maggiore della Carità" Hospital in Novara, Italy. Age at diagnosis, sex, symptoms at presentation, hormonal and radiological data, complications of surgery, and short-term follow-up information were collected. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Chikungunya infection and horner syndrome.

IDCases 2018 24;14:e00473. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Pediatrics Department, Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP) - Rua dos Coelhos, 300, Boa Vista, Recife, PE, Brazil.

We describe an infant with Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection who developed Horner syndrome. The infant had diagnostic confirmation of CHIKV infection by IgM-ELISA positive in serum and cerebrospinal fluid, and clinical signs of Horner syndrome. Magnetic resonance angiography showed alterations in the cervical and intra cavernous portions of the internal carotid artery. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Delayed Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Ameliorates Impaired Penile Hemodynamics in Rats Subjected to Pelvic Neurovascular Injury.

J Sex Med 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Knuppe Molecular Urology Laboratory, Department of Urology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Erectile dysfunction (ED) caused by pelvic neurovascular injury (PNVI) is often refractory to treatment. In many cases, erectogenic therapy is administered in a delayed fashion.

Aim: To evaluate penile hemodynamic effects and histologic changes associated with delayed low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (Li-ESWT) after PNVI ED in a rat model. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The STRIPAK complex components FAM40A and FAM40B regulate endothelial cell contractility via ROCKs.

BMC Cell Biol 2018 Dec 3;19(1):26. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Randall Centre for Cell and Molecular Biophysics, King's College London, New Hunt's House, Guy's Campus, London, SE1 1UL, UK.

Background: Endothelial cells provide a barrier between blood and tissues, which is regulated to allow molecules and cells in out of tissues. Patients with cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) have dilated leaky blood vessels, especially in the central nervous system. A subset of these patients has loss-of-function mutations in CCM3. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hemangiomas of the tongue and the oral cavity in a myotonic dystrophy type 1 patient: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13448

Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo".

Rationale: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by a cytosine, guanine, thymine (CTG) trinucleotide repeat expansion in the non-coding region of dystrophia myotonica protein kinase gene, causing a multisystem involvement. To date, few studies have been performed to evaluate skin features in DM1 patients, but none reported on the possible association between the disease and tongue hemangiomas.

Patients Concerns: We report a case of a 63-year-old woman affected by DM1 and presenting, at the intraoral examination, several swelling and buish lesions occurring on buccal and palatal mucosa, and in the anterior two-thirds and margins of the tongue. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Effects of rehabilitation on spontaneous intramedullary spinal cord hemorrhage (hematomyelia) patient without surgery: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13414

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Kyungpook National University Chilgok Hospital, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University.

Rationale: Spontaneous intramedullary spinal cord hemorrhage (hematomyelia) is a rare disease and most cases have specific etiologies such as cavernous malformations and tumor. Most reported cases are about surgical treatment of intramedullary spinal cord hemorrhage, but there are no reports of rehabilitation effectiveness reported. This case reports the first case with positive effect of rehabilitation on a patient with intramedullary spinal cord hemorrhage, who did not undergo surgery. Read More

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November 2018

Long-Term Therapeutic Effect of Cell Therapy on Improvement in Erectile Function in a Rat Model with Pelvic Neurovascular Injury.

BJU Int 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 27101, USA.

Objective: To determine the long-term therapeutic effect among three types of human cell types on erectile function recovery in a rodent model of dual neurovascular injured erectile dysfunction (NVED).

Materials And Methods: A dual NVED model was established in athymic rats by crushing the bilateral cavernous nerves and ligations of the bilateral internal pudendal nerve-vessel bundles. At the time of defect creation, three different types of human cell populations (2. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
3.533 Impact Factor

Long-term follow-up of intensive chemotherapy followed by reduced-dose and reduced-field irradiation for intracranial germ cell tumor.

Authors:

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Nov 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVEThe authors analyzed the efficacy of intensive chemotherapy followed by reduced-dose and reduced-field irradiation for intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) and evaluated the long-term late effects caused by chemoradiotherapy (CRT).METHODSThe authors performed a retrospective study. The subjects were 24 patients who received CRT between April 1994 and April 2015. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Keyhole, Trans-Sylvian, Trans-Sulcal Resection of an Insular Cerebral Cavernous Malformation: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Microsurgical resection of deep-seated cerebral cavernous malformations may result in a high rate of temporary and a lower, but nonetheless significant, rate of permanent disability. Use of trans-sulcal corridors may allow the surgeon to gain access to select deep-seated lesions without injury. Informed consent was obtained from this patient for a minimally invasive trans-sulcal approach to the malformation. Read More

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November 2018

Commentary: Endoscopic Endonasal Resection of Orbital Apex Cavernous Hemangioma: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York.

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November 2018

Acinic cell carcinoma of parotid gland with cavernous sinus metastasis: A case report.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Oct-Dec;14(6):1428-1430

Department of Medical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC) is a low-grade malignancy which rarely metastasizes to bone or cavernous sinuses. A 62-year-old male patient, previously treated for AciCC of right parotid with surgery and local radiotherapy, presented 10 years later with progressive visual impairment and restriction of ocular movements. Magnetic resonance imaging of the head and orbit showed an expansile lobulated mass with heterogeneous signal intensity in bilateral cavernous sinus with encasement of the internal carotid artery on both sides. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Two Novel and Mutations in Patients Affected by Cerebral Cavernous Malformations: New Information on Penetrance.

Front Neurol 2018 14;9:953. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphological and Functional Images, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Wide comprehension of genetic features of cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) represents the starting point to better manage patients and risk rating in relatives. The causative mutations spectrum is constantly growing. , and are the three loci to date linked to familial CCM development, although germline mutations have also been detected in patients affected by sporadic forms. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Primary Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma of Sphenoid Sinus Involving Cavernus Sinus and Clivus with Isolated 3rd Nerve Palsy.

Mymensingh Med J 2018 Oct;27(4):888-893

Dr Dhiman Chowdhury, Associate Professor, Department of Neurosurgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail: dhiman_ns@ yahoo.com.

Lymphomas are group of malignant neoplasm having origins from lymphoreticular cells. B cell Non Hodgkin Lymphoma (BNHL) of sphenoid sinus as primary site for lymphomas are very rare and whenever involves comes usually with ocular manifestations. The proximity of the lesion to optic nerve and cavernous sinus present a high risk of developing unilateral ophthalmoplegia or even blindness. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

MyD88 overexpression deteriorates Ang-II-induced ED via upregulating MPO and COX2 and downregulating eNOS in the corpus cavernosum of rats.

J Cell Biochem 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Urology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common sexual problem for men and the exploration of its treatment is still in mire demand. We aim to investigate the role of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of angiotensin II (Ang-II) induced ED.

Methods: Male Sprague-Dawlay rats were treated with Ang-II and intracavernous pressure (ICP) was measured to confirm the occurrence of ED. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A case of venous malformation of the mandible.

Oral Radiol 2018 May 23. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Diagnosis, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, 2-1-3 Tsurumi, Tsurumi Ward, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-8501, Japan.

Objective: Vascular malformations occur more rarely in bones than in soft tissue, with 0.5-1.0% of all intraosseous tumors occurring in the mandible. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

The Microbiology of Complicated Acute Sinusitis among Pediatric Patients: A Case Series.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Nov 27:194599818815109. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

3 Division of Otolaryngology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objective: The microbiology of pediatric complicated acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) has evolved, and our current understanding of pathogenic organisms is limited. The objectives of this study are to describe the incidence of pathogens causing complicated ARS requiring surgical intervention at our institution over a 10-year period as well as their associated treatment outcomes.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Emerging Pharmacologic Targets in Cerebral Cavernous Malformation and Potential Strategies to Alter the Natural History of a Difficult Disease: A Review.

JAMA Neurol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey at University Hospital, Newark.

Importance: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular lesions of the brain that may lead to hemorrhage, seizures, and neurologic deficits. Most are linked to loss-of-function mutations in 1 of 3 genes, namely CCM1 (originally called KRIT1), CCM2 (MGC4607), or CCM3 (PDCD10), that can either occur as sporadic events or are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with incomplete penetrance. Familial forms originate from germline mutations, often have multiple intracranial lesions that grow in size and number over time, and cause an earlier and more severe presentation. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Primary lymphoma of the skull base in Chinese: clinical, radiological, pathological and therapeutic experience in a series of 8 cases.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Neurosurgery. Electronic address:

Background: Primary lymphoma of the skull base (PLSB) is an extremely rare neoplasm, and not much is known about the clinical features, treatment strategies and prognoses of these lesions. The aim of this study was to investigate the manifestations and clinical outcomes of patients with PLSB in Chinese.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 8 consecutive patients with PLSB treated in our center between October 2008 and December 2016 and analyzed their clinical features, treatment strategies and prognoses. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Atorvastatin Treatment of Cavernous Angiomas with Symptomatic Hemorrhage Exploratory Proof of Concept (AT CASH EPOC) Trial.

Neurosurgery 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Neurovascular Surgery Program, Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: More than a million Americans harbor a cerebral cavernous angioma (CA), and those who suffer a prior symptomatic hemorrhage have an exceptionally high rebleeding risk. Preclinical studies show that atorvastatin blunts CA lesion development and hemorrhage through inhibiting RhoA kinase (ROCK), suggesting it may confer a therapeutic benefit.

Objective: To evaluate whether atorvastatin produces a difference compared to placebo in lesional iron deposition as assessed by quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) on magnetic resonance imaging in CAs that have demonstrated a symptomatic hemorrhage in the prior year. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

First-in-Man Clinical Experience Using a High-Definition 3-Dimensional Exoscope System for Microneurosurgery.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, New York, New York.

Background: During its development and preclinical assessment, a novel, 3-dimensional (3D), high-definition (4K-HD) exoscope system was formerly shown to provide an immersive surgical experience, while maintaining a portable, low-profile design.

Objective: To assess the clinical applicability of this 3D 4K-HD exoscope via first-in-man surgical use.

Methods: The operative workflow, functionality, and visual haptics of the 3D 4K-HD exoscope were assessed in a variety of microneurosurgical cases at 2 US centers. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Probabilistic Tractography to Predict the Position of Cranial Nerves Displaced by Skull Base Tumors: Value for Surgical Strategy Through a Case Series of 62 Patients.

Neurosurgery 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

CREATIS Laboratory CNRS UMR5220, Inserm U1206, INSA-Lyon, University of Lyon 1, Lyon, France.

Background: Predicting the displacement of cranial nerves by tumors could make surgery safer and the outcome better. Recent advances in imaging and processing have overcome some of the limits associated with cranial nerve tractography, such as spatial resolution and fiber crossing. Among others, probabilistic algorithms yield to a more accurate depiction of cranial nerve trajectories. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Surgical Resection of a Cavernous Malformation of the Anterior Perforated Substance: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Cavernous malformations (CMs) are intracranial vascular anomalies of the brain blood vessels which are usually asymptomatic but sometimes may cause headache, seizures, or focal neurologic symptoms.1 The latter may be attributed to either hemorrhage of the lesion or due to associated mass effect.2 Here, we describe the case of a 27-yr-old woman who had an acute onset of headache and occasional left sided peripheral visual disturbances. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Endoscope-Assisted Resection of Intramuscular Cavernous Hemangioma Within the Temporal Muscle.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kagawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Kagawa.

Hemangiomas are benign vascular soft tissue tumors, which most frequently occur in the skin or subcutaneous tissue. Intramuscular hemangiomas typically occur in the trunk and extremities and less frequently in the head and neck. Among these, those occurring in the temporalis muscle are extremely rare. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Endoscopic endonasal vs. transorbital surgery for middle cranial fossa tumors: Comparison of clinical outcomes based on surgical corridors.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Based on our experience with the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) and transorbital approach (TOA) for middle cranial fossa tumors, we evaluated the efficacy and limitations of visualization and the clinical outcomes associated with the approaches depending on the surgical corridors. Additionally, we determined the optimal strategy for each approach.

Methods: Between September 2015 and May 2018, we retrospectively reviewed clinical outcomes in 21 patients who underwent minimally invasive endoscopic surgery for middle cranial fossa tumors involving the cavernous sinus. Read More

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November 2018

Effect of platelet-derived growth factor-BB on gap junction and connexin43 in rat penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells.

Andrologia 2018 Nov 23:e13200. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Urology and Andrology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.

We explored whether platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB regulates corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cell gap junctions and can ameliorate erectile dysfunction and how it modulates connexin43 (CX43) after bilateral cavernous neurectomy. Primary cultured rat corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells were treated with PDGF-BB with or without a PDGFR inhibitor, Akt siRNA or the depletion or promotion of β-catenin. PDGF-BB improved CCSMCs gap junction coupling and increased CX43 and PDGFRβ expression; inhibition of PDGFR activity down-regulated CX43 and decreased Akt and nuclear β-catenin. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Predictive factors for delayed hyponatremia after endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery in patients with non-functioning pituitary tumors: a retrospective observational study.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea 03080. Electronic address:

Objective: Delayed hyponatremia can occur after transsphenoidal pituitary tumor surgery, resulting in unexpected readmission. Predictive factors for delayed hyponatremia after this type of surgery are not well established. In this retrospective study, predictive factors for delayed hyponatremia were investigated in patients undergoing transsphenoidal pituitary tumor surgery. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula Due to Rupture of a Cavernous Carotid Aneurysm Embedded within a Prolactinoma after Cabergoline Administration.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo 650-0017, Japan.

Background: A small number of reports have discussed subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured aneurysm embedded within a prolactinoma. To the best of our knowledge, however, no reports have discussed an embedded carotid cavernous fistula (CCF). We report a patient with CCF secondary to a ruptured internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm embedded within a prolactinoma. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Apoplectic Silent Crooke's Cell Adenoma with Adjacent Pseudoaneurysms: Causation or Bystander?

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Departments of Neurosurgery and Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Crooke's cell adenomas (CCAs) are rare and potentially aggressive pituitary tumors that often invade the cavernous sinuses. Although clinical presentations of pituitary tumors may include the development of accompanying intracranial aneurysms, there are no documented cases of coexistent intracranial aneurysms and CCAs to date. Herein we describe an apoplectic silent CCA that presented with adjacent cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Endovascular treatment of carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas: ophthalmic and visual outcomes.

Orbit 2018 Nov 22:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital , Herston , Queensland , Australia.

Purpose: The main objective was to report the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, angiography features, treatment modality and post-treatment outcomes in patients diagnosed with carotid cavernous fistulas (CCF).

Methods: A retrospective review of the medical imaging database in conjunction with medical records from 2004 to 2017 at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) was conducted.We identified 39 patients with CCF (16 direct, 23 indirect). Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Giant sellar metastasis from renal cell carcinoma: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13376

Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Rationale: Sellar metastasis is a rare and complex disease whose clinical features are strongly associated with the primary malignancy. Here, we present a rare case of giant sellar metastasis spread from renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Patient Concerns: A 30-year-old Chinese woman was admitted to our Hospital, reporting headache, nasal congestion, nausea, vomiting, and a sharp decline in her right eye vision. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Re: Prediction of traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistula via noncontrast computed tomography by fracture pattern and abnormality of venous system.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Dec;85(6):1131

Division of Traumatic Plastic Surgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan Division of Traumatic Plastic Surgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive, Surgery Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan, Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

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December 2018
5 Reads

Retrobulbar Lymphangioma: A Rare Case Report.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1292-1294

Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

We report a case of biopsy-proven retrobulbar lymphangioma in a 14-year-old girl. She presented with chief complaints of swelling in the left eye for 2 months. The patient underwent imaging evaluation and it was diagnosed as cavernous hemangioma, radiologically. Read More

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November 2018
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