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    1 OF 32

    Upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to gastric stromal tumour: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 12;3:58. Epub 2010 Feb 12.
    Department of General Surgery, Princess Royal University Hospital, Farnborough, Greater London, BR6 8ND, UK.
    Introduction: Gastro-intestinal stromal tumours are the most common mesenchymal tumours of the gastro-intestinal tract. This case report highlights the necessity of early surgical intervention in such cases to avoid mortality due to rebleeding and to raise the awareness of rare causes of upper gastrointestinal bleed and their management.

    Case Presentation: A 61-year-old male presented to the accident and emergency department with a one-day history of haemetemesis with coffee ground vomiting. Read More

    Interstitial lung disease associated to erlotinib treatment: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 12;3:59. Epub 2010 Feb 12.
    Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital de Sant Pau i Santa Tecla, Rambla Vella, 14, 43003, Tarragona, Spain.
    Introduction: Few cases of pulmonary toxicity related to epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted agents have been described.

    Case Presentation: We report a case of a 63-year-old white male with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer treated with erlotinib who developed a interstitial lung disease.

    Conclusion: Respiratory symptoms during treatment with erlotinib should alert clinicians to rule out pulmonary toxicity. Read More

    Repair of a defect following the removal of an impacted maxillary canine by orthodontic tooth movement: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 15;3:62. Epub 2010 Feb 15.
    Discipline of Orthodontics, The University of Hong Kong, 2/F Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong SAR, China.
    This case report describes a 13-year-old boy with alveolar bony defect resulted from surgical removal of impacted upper canine transposed in the anterior region. The boy had a normal occlusion with malposition of upper central and lateral incisors. The treatment objectives were to align teeth, close spaces by mesial movement of the buccal segments in the upper jaw to repair bone loss. Read More

    Dihydrotachysterol intoxication treated with pamidronate: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Mar 26;3:78. Epub 2010 Mar 26.
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, University Medical Centre, Zaloska 7, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Introduction: Hypoparathyroidism is a chronic condition which requires a lifelong substitution with vitamin D analogues and careful monitoring. This is especially true for older patients and older compounds as dihydrotachysterol with longer half-life that might lead to long-lasting hypercalcemic episodes.

    Case Presentation: A 74-year old male patient with postsurgical hypoparathyroidism who has been successfully supplemented with dihydrotachysterol (1. Read More

    Posttraumatic proliferating trichilemmal tumour on the frontal region of the scalp: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Mar 20;3:80. Epub 2010 Mar 20.
    Department of General Surgery, Giresun University Faculty of Medicine, 28100 Giresun/Turkey.
    Introduction: Proliferating trichilemmal tumour defined with more than one terms by many author, after well documentated series reported as "proliferating epidermoid cysts" by Wilson-Jones, firstly in 1966. They are rare, slowly growing, lobular masses inherited autosomal dominantly and localized on scalps of older women and believed to arising as a complication of a trauma and inflammation and effect 5-10% of people.

    Case Presentation: We intented to present the case of a 62 years old Turkish woman with a history of slowly growing scalp mass after the trauma, especially during last 15 years. Read More

    Acute Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and Cardiac Abnormalities: Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy or Neurogenic Stunned Myocardium? a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 20;3:81. Epub 2010 Feb 20.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan,48201, USA.
    Introduction: Cardiac abnormalities can be seen with subarachnoid hemorrhage. To date, there have been isolated case reports of transient left ventricular apical ballooning cardiomyopathy, also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage.

    Case Presentation: An adult female was brought to the emergency department with somnolence. Read More

    Acute occlusion of the celiac axis and its branches with perforation of gastric fundus and splenic infarction, findings on spiral computed tomography: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Mar 22;3:82. Epub 2010 Mar 22.
    2nd Department of Radiology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, General University Hospital Attikon, Rimini 1str, 12462, Athens, Greece.
    We present the contrast-enhanced spiral CT findings in a case of acute celiac artery occlusion with gastric perforation and total splenic infarction. Spiral CT depicted thrombus in the celiac axis and its branches, stenosis of the superior mesenteric artery, splenic infarction and lack of enhancement of the gastric wall with a large necrotic gap. Spiral CT enabled prompt diagnosis and therapy in this rare condition in a patient with suspicion of acute mesenteric ischemia. Read More

    Small bowel infarction due to fibro muscular dysplasia: a case report and literature review.
    Cases J 2010 Apr 6;3:79. Epub 2010 Apr 6.
    Russells Hall Hospital, Pensnett Road, Dudley, West Midlands, DY1 2HQ, UK.
    Introduction: We describe a rare case of small bowel infarction due to fibro muscular dysplasia in superior mesenteric artery in a young patient.

    Case Presentation: A 28 year old Asian female presented with acute onset left sided abdominal pain and watery diarrhea. She had a laparotomy due to further deterioration. Read More

    Profound hyponatremia in cirrhosis: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Mar 23;3:77. Epub 2010 Mar 23.
    Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.
    Introduction: Cirrhosis of the liver commonly leads to a state of chronic hypervolemic hyponatremia. Profound exacerbation of the hyponatremic state may occur in patients with decompensated cirrhosis in conjunction with acute stressors such as infection or binge alcohol ingestion.

    Case Presentation: A 47 year old man with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis presented to the hospital with symptomatic profound hyponatremia (serum sodium concentration of 105 meq/L) due to a recent infection and binge drinking. Read More

    Acute superior mesenteric venous thrombosis with advanced gastric cancer: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Mar 9;3:76. Epub 2010 Mar 9.
    Cancer Center, Kagawa Medical University Hospital, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki-cho, Kita-gun, Kagawa, 761-0793, Japan.
    Although the advanced stages of neoplasms have a risk of superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT), an initial clinical diagnosis of MVT is sometimes difficult and it can be treated as a cancer-related pain using NSAIDs and/or opioids.We herein present a case of palliative stage of cancer with acute MVT, which was successfully treated with immediate anticoagulant therapy. We believe this case provides an important clinical lesson, which is that we should remember that MVT is one of the potential causes of abdominal pain with cancer patients and the thrombosis can be easily identified by US and CT. Read More

    Community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia leading to rhabdomyolysis: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 14;3:61. Epub 2010 Feb 14.
    Department of General Medicine, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, India.
    Community-acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is considered an underreported entity in India. In this case report, the authors describe a thirty-five year old immunocompetent male presenting with severe respiratory distress requiring intubation. On further work up, a CT thorax showed features consistent with necrotizing pneumonia. Read More

    Stiff limb syndrome: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 12;3:60. Epub 2010 Feb 12.
    Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, El Ayachi Hospital, Mohamed V University, Coast Road Street, Sale, 11000, Morocco.
    Introduction: Stiff limb syndrome is a clinical feature of the stiff person syndrome, which is a rare and disabling neurologic disorder characterized by muscle rigidity and episodic spasms that involve axial and limb musculature. It is an autoimmune disorder resulting in a malfunction of aminobutyric acid mediated inhibitory networks in the central nervous system. We describe a patient diagnosed by neurological symptoms of stiff limb syndrome with a good outcome after treatment, and a review of the related literature. Read More

    Occult small bowel perforation in a patient with Ehlers Danlos syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 12;3:57. Epub 2010 Feb 12.
    Department of General and Colorectal Surgery, Princess Royal University Hospital, Farnborough Common, Orpington, Greater London, Kent, BR6 8ND, UK.
    Patients who present with a co-existing connective tissue disorder add a degree of complexity to operative intervention. We present an unusual case of a 53-year-old Caucasian female patient with Ehlers Danlos syndrome who presented with an occult perforation of the distal ileum. The patient had known small bowel diverticulae yet the perforation occurred within the normal bowel wall. Read More

    Complication of nasal piercing by Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis: a case report and a review of literature.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 25;3:37. Epub 2010 Jan 25.
    Department of Clinical Infectious Diseases and Cardiac Surgery, Tor Vergata University Hospital, V, Montpellier 1, 00133, Rome, Italy.
    Body piercing, a growing trend especially in young people, is often complicated by severe infections. We present a case of acute bacterial endocarditis by Staphylococcus aureus complicated by multiple cerebral, kidney, spleen embolisms in a young girl, with no known previous cardiac abnormalities, following the piercing of nasal septum. This case highlights the importance of education of patients with and without structural heart disease to the potential dangerous and even life threatening infectious complications of piercing, and stimulate further discussion on the possibility of antibiotic prophylaxis of such procedures. Read More

    A case of pregnancy with Rhesus antibody and bicornuate uterus - a favourable outcome: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 3;3:50. Epub 2010 Feb 3.
    Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Calderdale Royal Hospital, Salterhebble, Halifax, HX3 0PW, UK.
    Introduction: In 1% of Rhesus negative women sensitisation occurs without any overt sensitising event during pregnancy. This accounts for late immunisation during a first pregnancy and is responsible for 18-27% of cases of alloimmunisation. The incidence of congenital uterine anomalies in a fertile population is 3. Read More

    Massive GI bleeding in a patient with 2 small AVMs in the small intestine: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 28;3:39. Epub 2010 Jan 28.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tennessee, Chattanooga, TN, USA.
    A 53 year-old Caucasian man with no previous history of gastrointestinal bleeding presented with sudden, massive hematochezia and abdominal pain; his hemoglobin dropped from 12 to 8.3. Colonoscopy revealed coagulated blood in a diverticulum, but bleeding recurred after cautery of the lesion. Read More

    Orbital tuberculosis in childhood with intracranial extension: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 28;3:38. Epub 2010 Jan 28.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, HIHT University, Swami Ram Nagar, Dehradun 248140, India.
    The common causes of orbital masses in pediatric age group include pseudotumour, lymphomas, hemangioma and dermoid cyst. Orbital tuberculosis is rare especially in children. We report a case of 5 year old child who presented with proptosis and gross diminution of vision due to orbital tuberculoma. Read More

    A novel technique for the treatment of post operative retro-rectal haematoma: two case reports.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 1;3:42. Epub 2010 Feb 1.
    Department of General Surgery, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, BD9 6RJ, UK.
    Rectal bleeding following any form of rectal surgery is a well recognised complication 1, 2, 3 & 4. However retro-rectal bleeding and tracking which then presents as rectal bleeding has not been reported in the literature. We describe a novel way of dealing with this technically difficult post-operative complication. Read More

    Olanzapine and pulmonary embolism, a rare association: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 22;3:36. Epub 2010 Jan 22.
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Frenchay Hospital, North Bristol National Health Service Trust, Bristol, UK.
    Venous thromboembolism is a very common pathological process for which there are many well known (and less well-known) predisposing factors. Likewise, olanzapine is a commonly used anti-psychotic medication.We present the case of a young Somali gentleman who developed venous thromboembolic disease after an overdose of olanzapine. Read More

    Isolated pancreatic tuberculosis mimicking as carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 12;3:18. Epub 2010 Jan 12.
    Department of Surgery, B, P, Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
    Introduction: Pancreatic tuberculosis is a rare disease even in endemic countries for tuberculosis. Here, we report a case of pancreatic tuberculosis from tuberculosis endemic zone presenting as obstructive jaundice mimicking pancreatic cancer.

    Case Presentation: A 41-year-old male presented with features of malignant obstructive jaundice. Read More

    Four different malignancies in one patient: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 8;3:53. Epub 2010 Feb 8.
    Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Cancer survivors have a higher risk of new primary cancer, in the same or in another organ, than the general population. We report a 78-year-old women who has metachronous quadruple adenocarcinoma, includes bilateral breast cancer, ovarian cancer and retroperitoneal neuroendocrine carcinoma. The development of second cancer in cancer survivors can be expected but third or higher order malignancies are rare. Read More

    Neonatal epididymo-orchitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 2;3:44. Epub 2010 Feb 2.
    National centre of Neonatology and Nutrition Children's Hospital, Rabat 10100, Morocco.
    Epididymitis and epididymo-orchitis are an uncommon causes of acute testicular pain in neonatal boys, epididymo-orchitis is infection or inflammation of epididymis and testis it's may be associated with urinary tract infections or reflux of urine predisposed by an underlying vasal anomaly. Pediatricians should examine the testicles meticulously after a baby is born.We report a 7 day-old boy with urinary malformations (ureteral duplication, ureterocel and right hydro-ureteronephrosis) who presented with acute scrotum. Read More

    Subcutaneus leiomyosarcoma of the neck: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 3;3:52. Epub 2010 Feb 3.
    ENT Department, General Hospital of Volos, Greece.
    Introduction: Leiomyosarcomas are rare tumors. The most common site for head and neck leiomyosarcomas is the oral cavity, followed by sinonasal tract and skin. Subcutaneous leiomyosarcomas are thought to arise from small to medium-sized blood vessels in the subcutaneous tissue. Read More

    Giant cell tumor of the anterior rib masquerading as a breast mass: a case report and review of current literature.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 3;3:51. Epub 2010 Feb 3.
    Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA.
    Introduction: Giant cell tumor (GCT) is an aggressive, but usually benign bone neoplasm most commonly arising in the metaphysis/epiphyses of long bones. While they are categorized as benign tumors, they can be locally aggressive and clinically have metastatic potential. The most common locations of this tumor include the distal femur, proximal tibia, and distal radius. Read More

    Adenosquamous carcinoma of the pancreas: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 1;3:41. Epub 2010 Feb 1.
    Department of Pathology, "Tzaneion" General Hospital of Piraeus, Zanni & Afentouli 1, Piraeus-Greece.
    Adenosquamous carcinoma of the pancreas is a rare variant of pancreatic exocrine carcinoma. We report a case of 70 year old man who came to our hospital with abdominal pain, anorexia and jaundice. Imaging of the abdomen showed a mass in the region of the head of the pancreas. Read More

    Severe odynophagia in a patient developing after azithromycin intake: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 3;3:48. Epub 2010 Feb 3.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Yeditepe University Medical Faculty, Devlet Yolu Cad 102-104 34752 Kozyatagi, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Introduction: Drug-induced esophageal ulcers most commonly cause heartburn, midsternal pain and dysphagia. In our clinic azithromycin is a relative widely used antibiotic for respiratory tract infections and otitis media because of its activity against Haemophilus influenzae and atypical pathogens, and its ease of administration. After a thorough search in Pubmed the present case is the first one to report azithromycin-induced esophageal ulcer and associated symptoms in the literature. Read More

    A male presenting with a primary mucinous bladder carcinoma: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 3;3:49. Epub 2010 Feb 3.
    Department of Urology, Athens University Medical School-LAIKO Hospital, Athens, Greece.
    Background: The primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the bladder is an extremely rare urologic entity, which is found in less than 2% of all urinary bladder tumours and is often presented as metastatic.

    Case Presentation: A 69-year old male patient was diagnosed with a primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the bladder after undergoing a transurethral resection of a bladder tumour and complete examination of the entire gastrointestinal tract to rule out other primary cites. Immunohistochemistry confirmed the nature of the tumour. Read More

    Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 2;3:45. Epub 2010 Feb 2.
    2nd Department of Surgery, Aretaieion Hospital, University of Athens, Vasilissis Sophias 76, 11528, Athens, Greece.
    Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma is a rare benign soft tissue tumor, almost always arising from inguinal lymph nodes. It usually presents as a painless, slow-growing inguinal mass. We report herein a case of an intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma occurring in a 36-year-old man. Read More

    Vein of Galen arteriovenous malformation with PAPVR and use of serial B-type natriuretic peptide levels in the management: a case report and review of the literature.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 2;3:43. Epub 2010 Feb 2.
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology & Developmental Biology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California at Los Angeles, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Room B2-375 MDCC, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
    Background: Arteriovenous malformation of the vein of Galen with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return can lead to a critically challenging condition associated with a high morbidity and mortality.

    Case Report: We report a case of a full term infant born with a vein of Gallen arteriovenous malformation complicated by partial anomalous pulmonary venous return and congestive heart failure where B-type natriuretic peptide was used as a vital tool in clinical assessment and treatment management.

    Conclusions: Rapid diagnosis and treatment in infants with complex conditions such as this are imperative to expedite appropriate treatments, preventing long term negative outcome. Read More

    Patient presenting with lipoma of the index finger: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 12;3:20. Epub 2010 Jan 12.
    Department of Radiology, Alexandra Hospital, Vasilisis Sofias 80, 11528, Athens, Greece.
    Introduction: Lipomas can be found anywhere in the body with the majority located in the head and neck region as well as in the shoulder and back. They are not very common in the hand and those involving the fingers are very rare. Although, it is not the only case reported, lipoma of the index finger is very uncommon. Read More

    Tricuspid valve myxoma in a patient with congestive heart failure.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 12;3:21. Epub 2010 Jan 12.
    Section of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Applied Experimental Medicine, University Study of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
    Myxomas are the most frequent benign primary cardiac tumours (50% of benign heart tumours). This kind of tumour is most likely to be localized in the left atrium, followed by the right atrium, right ventricle and left ventricle. Quite exceptional is the presence of a myxoma originating from the tricuspid valve or from the Eustachian valve. Read More

    Missed presentation of Crohn's disease in a patient with a fistulating thigh abscess: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 14;3:26. Epub 2010 Jan 14.
    Scunthorpe General Hospital, Cliff Gardens Cliff Gardens, Scunthorpe, South Humberside DN15 7BH, UK.
    Background: Musculoskeletal presentations of Crohn's disease are rare and they include psoas abscess, thigh abscesses and in extreme cases septic arthropathy.

    Case Presentation: Herein, we present a 53 year old gentleman with bilateral thigh fistulae discovered to be a new diagnoses of extra-intestinal Crohn's disease

    Conclusion: It is important to consider Crohn's disease in patients that present with unusual or persistent fistulae and to consider this essential when there are atypical organisms present. Read More

    Oral candidiasis in Chikungunya viral fever: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 5;3. Epub 2010 Jan 5.
    KS Hegde Medical Academy, Nithyananda nagar, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575001, India.
    A 32 year old Indian male patient presented with chief complaints of a high fever, erythema on ear, severe polyarthritic joint pains & swelling, non pitting pedal oedema, facial puffiness and itching for past four days. He had no significant past medical and drug history and was serologically confirmed to have Chikungunya. Oral cavity inspection revealed whitish non erythematous pseudo membranous plaques on the hard palate, buccal surface of cheek and the floor of the mouth which was later microbiologically confirmed as Candidiasis. Read More

    A case of aspergillus endophthalmitis in an immuncompetent woman: intra-ocular penetration of oral voriconazole: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 18;3:31. Epub 2010 Jan 18.
    Departments of Infection, St Thomas' Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, London SE1 7EH, UK.
    Background: There are very few reports of Aspergillus fumigatus causing endogenous endophthalmitis (EAE) in immunocompetent individuals although it is well recognised in the immunocompromised. Treatment can be with intravitreal, intravenous and oral antifungal agents. The benefit of an oral agent is clear however the concentration of voriconazole in the inflamed eye after oral administration has not previously been documented. Read More

    Non-traumatic fractures following seizures: two case reports.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 18;3:30. Epub 2010 Jan 18.
    Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Farhat Hached University Hospital, Ibn Jazzar Street, 4002 Soussa, Tunisia.
    Introduction: Seizures with or without trauma may cause fractures that occur commonly in epileptic seizures. Fracture risk is less reported in non-epileptic seizures. Some metabolic conditions leading to a decrease in bone mineral density may cause fractures secondary to non-epileptic seizure. Read More

    Synchronous testicular liposarcoma and prostate adenocarcinoma: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 14;3:27. Epub 2010 Jan 14.
    Department of Medical Oncology Gazi University Medical Faculty, 06500, Beşevler, Ankara, Turkey.
    Prostate adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer related deaths in men. Testicular liposarcomas are uncommon soft tissue neoplasms. We report coexistence of prostate cancer and testicular liposarcoma in a 69 year-old-man because while orchiectomy endications are decreasing day by day, these second malignancies should not be missed. Read More

    A rare case of pulmonary tuberculosis with simultaneous pulmonary and skin sarcoidosis: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Jan 13;3:24. Epub 2010 Jan 13.
    Department of Clinical Microbiology and School of Medicine University of Split, Split, Croatia.
    Background: Tuberculosis and sarcoidosis are chronic diseases that rarely occur concomitantly. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder characterized pathologically by the presence of non-caseating granulomas in involved tissues. Tuberculosis is infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis characterized by granulomas with caseous necrosis. Read More

    Increased hematogones in an infant with bicytopenia and leucocytosis:a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Mar 4;3:75. Epub 2010 Mar 4.
    Department of Pathology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi -1, India.
    Hematogones are the normal bone marrow constituents of bone marrow in children and their number decreases with age. As hematogones can resemble malignant lymphoblasts by their morphologic features and by expression of an immature B-cell phenotype, an accurate distinction of hematogone-rich lymphoid regeneration from leukemic lymphoblasts is critical for patient care. The increased number of hematogones had been reported in the bone marrow of children recovering from chemotherapy, aplastic conditions, other forms of bone marrow injury, infections like Cytomegalovirus, HIV and immune thrombocytopenia disorders. Read More

    Hyaline vascular-type Castleman's disease in the hilum of liver: a case report.
    Cases J 2010 Mar 1;3:74. Epub 2010 Mar 1.
    Department of Pediatric Oncology & Hematology, Thalassemia Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Booali Sina Hospital, Pasdaran Boulevard, Sari, Po Box: 48158-38477, Iran.
    Background: Castleman's disease or angiofollicular lymphoid hyperplasia is a rare benign lymph node hyperplasia usually presenting as an asymptomatic mediastinal mass in children. The disease can present at any extra thoracic site with lymphoid tissue such as retroperitoneal, mesentery, axilla, and pelvis. Hepatic localization castleman disease is very rare in children. Read More

    A case of pseudohyperkalemia in a patient presenting with leucocytosis and high potassium level: a Case Report.
    Cases J 2010 Feb 25;3:73. Epub 2010 Feb 25.
    Department of Internal Medicine, San Joaquin General Hospital (West Hospital Road), French Camp, Ca(95231), USA.
    Pseudohyperkalemia can appear in a variety of settings and should be recognized early. Treatment of pseudohyperkalemia can lead to an inappropriate decrease of actual serum potassium levels which may lead to life threatening conditions. In the case presented, an 81-year-old male presented with massive leucocytosis and an extremely elevated potassium level. Read More

    Perforated intestinal leiomyosarcoma as a metastasis of uterine leiomyosarcoma: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 17;2:9288. Epub 2009 Sep 17.
    Department of 3rd Surgery, Ankara Numune Teaching and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
    Introduction: Uterine leiomyosarcomas are relatively uncommon soft tissue neoplasms and rarely metastases to small bowel. In the current case; a patient is suffering from intestinal perforation due to metastatic leiomyosarcoma of the small bowel.

    Case Presentation: A 59-year-old woman underwent a modified radical mastectomy for infiltrating ductal cancer of the breast six years ago and a total abdominal hysterectomy for leiomyosarcoma of the uterus two years ago. Read More

    Gallstone ileus an unusual reason for right iliac fossa pain in Crohn's disease: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 16;2:9285. Epub 2009 Sep 16.
    Department of Acute Medicine, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham University Hospitals, Derby Road, Nottingham, UK.
    The symptoms of Crohn's disease can vary significantly among afflicted individuals. It is a chronic inflammatory disease, which has many complications involving gastrointestinal and other symptoms. The diagnosis of gallstone ileus is difficult in Crohn's disease and an early diagnosis can reduce mortality. Read More

    Sigmoid volvulus in pregnancy and puerperium: a case series.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 17;2:9275. Epub 2009 Sep 17.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yuzuncu Yil University School of Medicine, Van, Turkey.
    Intestinal obstruction due to sigmoid volvulus during pregnancy is rare. The presenting signs/symptoms seen in these patients are the same as with non-pregnant patients. Fetal and maternal mortality rates are higher during pregnancy due to delays in diagnosis. Read More

    Increased frequency and nocturia in a middle aged male may not always be due to benign prostatic hypertrophy: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 15;2:9274. Epub 2009 Sep 15.
    Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, College of Medicine, 960 East Third Street, Suite 208, Chattanooga, TN 37403, USA.
    Primary signet ring cell carcinoma of urinary bladder is a rare type of bladder tumor and carries a very high mortality rate. It may have a clinical presentation similar to common diseases like benign prostatic hypertrophy and the management options are extremely limited. We report a case of 58-year-old Caucasian male who presented with a 5 month history of increased frequency of urination, nocturia and weight loss without any fever or hematuria. Read More

    Tuberous sclerosis with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal angiomyolipomas. Computed tomographic findings: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 11;2:9238. Epub 2009 Sep 11.
    Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Fluminense Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    The authors describe a case of a 31-year-old female with tuberous sclerosis, a genetic, rare, variably expressed disease. Clinical symptoms were chest pain, and progressive dyspnea. Computed tomography scan of the chest showed bilateral, diffuse, small thin-walled cysts scattered throughout the lungs characteristic for pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Read More

    Rabies prophylaxis after an animal attack that caused a ruptured eye and traumatic cataract: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 15;2:9192. Epub 2009 Sep 15.
    Storm Eye Institute, Medical University of South Carolina, Ashley Avenue, Charleston SC, 29425, USA.
    Introduction: We report on a patient with an animal bite eye injury, his surgical treatment and proper rabies immunoglobulin administration.

    Case Presentation: A 33-year-old Turkey hunter was attacked by a bobcat and his injuries included a ruptured globe with corneal laceration, two iris sphincter tears, and a ruptured anterior capsule with a traumatic cataract. Rabies vaccination was started, primary closure of the corneal laceration, an anterior chamber washout and one week later cataract surgery were performed. Read More

    Mass barium carbonate poisoning with fatal outcome, lessons learned: a case series.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 1;2:9069. Epub 2009 Sep 1.
    Department of Medicine, Chittagong Medical College, (4000), Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    Introduction: Barium, a heavy divalent alkaline metal, has long been known to cause human toxicity. The common mode is accidental ingestion and the common compound is Barium carbonate. Here we report an incident of food poisoning in 27 law enforcement personnel with rapidly developing sequelae and a high mortality due to ingestion of Barium carbonate contaminated flour. Read More

    Bilateral localization of necrotizing sialometaplasia: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 8;2:9068. Epub 2009 Sep 8.
    Clinic of the Maxillofacial Surgery Department Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Francuska St. 20-24, Poland.
    Introduction: Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a rare disease first described in 1973. It involves salivary gland in the oral cavity.

    Case Presentation: We present a 32-year-old, white, male with rare bilateral localization of necrotizing sialometaplasia. Read More

    Uncommon synchronous histopathological features of a radicular cyst: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Aug 25;2:9067. Epub 2009 Aug 25.
    Department of Oral Surgery and Radiology, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University, Thessalonica, Greece.
    Radicular cysts are the most common inflammatory odontogenic cystic lesions. It originates from epithelial residues in periodontal ligaments secondary to inflammation. The pathogenesis involves the activation of epithelial cell rests of Malaseez after physical, chemical or bacterial injury. Read More

    Benign splenosis mimicking peritoneal seeding in a bladder cancer patient: a case report.
    Cases J 2009 Sep 11;2:8982. Epub 2009 Sep 11.
    Department of Radiology, European Institute of Oncology, via Ripamonti 435, Milan, 20141, Italy.
    Introduction: Splenosis is a post-traumatic autotrasplantation and proliferation of splenic tissue in ectopic sites. These implants may mimic malignancy in healthy patients or peritoneal metastases in cancer patients. When a previous history of splenic injury is known, the finding of soft tissue nodules in many thoracic and abdominal locations might raise the suspicion of the benign condition of splenosis, in order to avoid unnecessary surgery or chemotherapy. Read More

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