60 results match your criteria Case reports in veterinary medicine[Journal]


Nasopharyngeal Vascular Hamartoma in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 4;2020:9716179. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.

An 8-year-old spayed female 32 kg Labrador retriever was presented for further investigation into the underlying cause of dyspnea, stertor, and sleep apnea present for three months and worsening over 30 days. There were significant reduction in airflow through the nares and loud inspiratory stridor. Thoracic and cervical radiographs made were normal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9716179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7293740PMC

Atypical in a Horse: Implications for Hospital Safety.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 4;2020:7062408. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, 300 West Drake Road, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.

A 17-year-old Quarter Horse mare was evaluated for colic of 24-hour duration. Clinical signs and diagnostic evaluation were consistent with duodenitis-proximal jejunitis. The horse's clinical condition deteriorated despite medical treatment and was euthanized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7062408DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292965PMC

Suspected Spontaneous Aqueous Humor Misdirection Syndrome in a Boston Terrier.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 19;2020:1092562. Epub 2020 May 19.

Comparative Ophthalmology, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA.

An eight-year-old female spayed Boston Terrier presented to the North Carolina Veterinary Hospital with glaucoma in the left eye (OS). Initial ophthalmic examination revealed moderate ocular hypertension, a diffusely and markedly shallow anterior chamber with anteriorly displaced iris and lens, vitreal prolapse, and a normal iridocorneal angle (ICA) morphology. The patient displayed a paradoxical response to topical latanoprost with an increase in intraocular pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1092562DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275946PMC

Benign Duodenal Stricture Treated with Surgical Correction and Dietary Therapy in a Golden Retriever.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 6;2020:4283175. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, USA.

A benign duodenal stricture is a well-documented condition of humans that has not been characterized in dogs. In this case report, the clinical, radiographic, ultrasonographic, endoscopic, surgical, and histopathologic findings of a single benign duodenal stricture in a Golden Retriever are reported. Definitive diagnosis was made possible with the utilization of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4283175DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7165342PMC

Hirudiniasis in Cattle in Mpwapwa District, Dodoma Region of Tanzania.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 27;2020:3028345. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

St. Francis University of Health and Allied Sciences, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, P.O. Box 175, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Hirudiniasis is a condition caused by infestation by leeches. Despite the annoyance, clinical signs, and associated lesions caused by leeches in both humans and animals, the extent of the problem in Tanzania is not well elucidated. Individual animals and people become infested when they drink, bath, or walk through contaminated water sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3028345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7140120PMC

Uterine Torsion Dystocia Complicated by Perosomus Elumbis in an Angus Calf Associated with a Consanguineous Mating.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 10;2020:6543037. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.

A six-year-old multiparous Angus cow was presented for dystocia. Vaginal and rectal examinations revealed an approximately 360° counterclockwise uterine torsion. The torsion was corrected by rolling the cow counterclockwise (three episodes) with the aid of a plank coupled with manual detorsion via the vagina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6543037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7035538PMC
February 2020

Invasion of Pheochromocytoma from the Caudal Vena Cava to the Right Ventricular Cavity in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 11;2020:5382687. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Laboratory of Veterinary Clinical Oncology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan.

Pheochromocytomas are catecholamine-secreting tumors that are composed of neuroectoderm-derived chromaffin cells. An 8-year-old miniature dachshund with abdominal distension was diagnosed with a neuroendocrine tumor with invasion from the caudal vena cava to the right ventricular cavity. The dog died due to hypotensive shock from the vagal reflex, and on autopsy, an extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma (paraganglioma) was diagnosed in the caudal abdomen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5382687DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7036100PMC
February 2020

Severe Rhabdomyolysis Associated with Acute Amphetamine Toxicosis in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 29;2020:2816373. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Louisiana State University, Skip Bertman Drive, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.

A 3-year-old female spayed rat terrier presented for hyperactivity and repetitive circling to the right of less than one-hour duration. On examination, the patient was dehydrated, hyperactive, and dysphoric. Laboratory tests initially revealed elevations in creatine kinase (CK) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2816373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008280PMC
January 2020

Subcutaneous B Cell Lymphoma in a Dog from the West Indies.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 25;2020:3695130. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University's Boren Veterinary Medical Hospital, Stillwater, OK 74074-2041, USA.

A 9-year-old male castrated mixed-breed dog from the West Indies was presented for multiple, nonpainful, nodular, circumscribed, subcutaneous masses located on the dorsum, lateral thorax, head, forelimbs, and scrotum. En bloc surgical resection of a mass on the right paw, left forehead, and left medial forelimb with proportional margins was performed. Three punch biopsies were taken from the masses located along the right lateral flank. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3695130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007956PMC
January 2020

Osteoarticular Infection in Three Young Thoroughbred Horses Caused by a Novel Gram Negative Cocco-Bacillus.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 19;2020:9785861. Epub 2020 Jan 19.

NSW Health Pathology, Department of Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Sydney, New South Wales 2065, Australia.

We describe three cases of osteoarticular infection (OAI) in young thoroughbred horses in which the causative organism was identified by MALDI-TOF as . The pattern of OAI resembled that reported with infection in humans. Analysis by 16S rRNA PCR enabled construction of a phylogenetic tree that placed the isolates closer to and , rather than . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9785861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6994210PMC
January 2020

Spontaneous Appearance and Transmission of Polydactyly in Dexter Cattle.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 16;2020:6407847. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.

A 3-yr-old Dexter cow and her yearling Dexter heifer calf exhibited polydactyly. Neither animal was linebred within 5 generations. This cow-calf pair represented the first reported occurrence of polydactyly in Dexter cattle in the US or abroad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6407847DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6985930PMC
January 2020

Suspected Radiation-Induced Osteosarcoma in a Domestic Shorthair Cat.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 3;2020:1874342. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1.

A 3-year-old, male neutered domestic shorthair cat, presented for acute onset tail paresis. He was diagnosed with a spindle cell tumour at the level of L7-CD1 and treated with course fractionation radiation therapy. Three years following radiation therapy, the cat developed chondroblastic osteosarcoma of the pelvis, suspected to be secondary to radiation therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1874342DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6961608PMC
January 2020

Successful Treatment of a Coxofemoral Luxation in a Shetland Pony by Closed Reduction and Prolonged Immobilization Using a Full-Body Animal Rescue Sling.

Case Rep Vet Med 2020 3;2020:2424653. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Swiss Institute for Equine Medicine (ISME), Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern and Agroscope, Bern, Switzerland.

A 12-year-old, 170 kg, Shetland pony mare was presented with an acute severe right pelvic limb lameness and concurrent upward fixation of the right patella. The affected limb was rotated externally and adducted with a prominent greater trochanter and the right calcaneal tuber being more proximal than its left counterpart. Radiographic examination revealed complete dislocation of the right femoral head from the acetabular cavity in a dorsal and caudal direction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2424653DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6969643PMC
January 2020

Ovariohysterectomy and Partial Vaginectomy for Treatment of Cervicovaginitis in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 23;2019:1357624. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Veterinary Emergency Clinic, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

A 1-year-old sexually intact female Labrador Retriever was evaluated for malodorous vaginal discharge, lethargy, and vomiting. A diagnosis of pyometra was suspected based on signalment, clinical signs, and abdominal ultrasonography. The dog underwent an exploratory celiotomy revealing a palpably enlarged cervix and edematous, fluid-filled vagina with an otherwise normal uterus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1357624DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6942728PMC
December 2019

Endocarditis and Myocarditis in a Cat.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 9;2019:7390530. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

La Vallonea laboratorio di analisi Veterinarie, Via Giuseppe Sirtori 9, Rho, Milano 20017, Italy.

An 8-month-old neutered male outdoor cat was brought to our surgical center for a sudden onset of diarrhea, pyrexia, and lethargy. Physical examination revealed a loud left parasternal systolic murmur with no thrill. An echocardiogram showed a large hyperechoic vegetation (about 9 mm thick) on the aortic valve leaflets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7390530DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6925778PMC
December 2019

Single-Stage Craniectomy and Cranioplasty for Multilobular Osteochondrosarcoma Managed with a Custom Additive Manufactured Titanium Plate in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 2;2019:6383591. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, Small Animal Surgery, Guelph University, Guelph, ON, Canada.

A 9-year-old spayed female dachshund presented with a large multilobular osteochondrosarcoma of the crania, with obliteration of approximately 70% of the surface area of the dorsal calvaria and intracranial extension. The mass was excised with histologically clean lateral bone margins (2-4 mm) and invasion at the deep margin. The resulting defect was reconstructed with a custom titanium plate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6383591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6914884PMC
December 2019

Correction of Excessive Tibial Plateau Angle and Limb Shortening in a Juvenile Dog Using a Hinged Circular Fixator Construct and Distraction Osteogenesis.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 16;2019:1439237. Epub 2019 Nov 16.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

An 18-week-old Rhodesian Ridgeback puppy that was hit by a car sustained a Salter-Harris type III fracture of the left proximal tibial physis and ipsilateral diaphyseal femoral and tibial fractures. The diaphyseal fractures were successfully stabilized with bone plate fixation. Premature closure of the caudal aspect of the proximal tibial physis, secondary to the proximal physeal fracture, resulted in an excessively high tibial plateau angle (TPA) of 50° with a limb length discrepancy of 13% by 24 weeks of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1439237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6881767PMC
November 2019

Medical Management of Hemorrhagic Bowel Syndrome in a Beef Bull.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 3;2019:9209705. Epub 2019 Nov 3.

Lloyd Veterinary Medical Center, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.

A two and a half-year old Simmental bull was presented to Iowa State University's Food Animal and Camelid Hospital for anorexia and lethargy of several days. type A was identified via fecal culture and toxin genotyping. Hemorrhagic bowel syndrome (HBS) was diagnosed based on microbiological results along with abdominal ultrasonography, complete blood count, and serum biochemistry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9209705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6875306PMC
November 2019

African Swine Fever Outbreak at a Farm in Central Namibia.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 29;2019:3619593. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Namibia, P. Bag 13301, Pionierspark, Windhoek, Namibia.

An outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) occurred at a farm in central Namibia in March 2018. Fourteen pigs died out of a herd of 59 animals over a period of 16 days between the first and sixteenth of March 2018. The clinical signs observed included sternal recumbency, fever, weakness, pain and reluctance to move, hyperemia of the skin and anorexia, followed by death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3619593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6854922PMC
October 2019

A Modern Approach to Minimally Invasive Surgery and Laparoscopic Sterilization in a Chimpanzee.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 23;2019:7492910. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, 200 Trent Drive, Durham, NC 27710, USA.

We present the case of Ruby, a 21-year-old hand-reared chimpanzee () who had an obstetric history significant for a premature stillborn infant that was conceived while on oral contraceptive pills, followed by a full term healthy delivery complicated by neonatal demise attributed to inappropriate maternal care. She was recommended for permanent sterilization due to her history of conception while on oral contraceptives. She underwent uncomplicated laparoscopic bilateral tubal ligation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7492910DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6778939PMC
September 2019

Acute Respiratory Failure after Administration of Hydrogen Peroxide as an Emetic in a Cat.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 25;2019:7242631. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Small Animal Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackeho tr. 1946, Brno 612 42, Czech Republic.

Objective And Case Summary: This case report describes a 5-year-old domestic short-haired cat that was orally administered with 4 mL of 3% hydrogen peroxide by the owner after suspecting ingestion of a foreign body by the cat. Shortly after the administration, the cat developed severe respiratory distress. Thoracic radiography showed an interstitial-to-alveolar pulmonary pattern, while echocardiography and heart injury markers ruled out a cardiac origin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7242631DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6791274PMC
September 2019

Bilateral Sterile Pyogranulomatous Keratitis in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 20;2019:8516981. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.

Purpose: To describe the clinicopathologic features of bilateral sterile pyogranulomatous keratitis in a 16-year-old spayed female rat terrier dog.

Methods: The dog presented one year prior due to ulceration of the right and left corneas. The ulcers healed but plaques developed on both eyes which progressed, during the course of one year, to cover both the left and the right corneas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8516981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6719276PMC

Choledochotomy for Obstructive Choledocholithiasis in Two Dogs.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 24;2019:4748194. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

The University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

Two geriatric (> 9 years old) dogs presented for vomiting, lethargy, and anorexia. Obstructive choledocholithiasis was diagnosed based on analysis of a serum biochemical analysis and abdominal radiographs and ultrasonography. In both dogs, choledocholiths were removed from the common bile duct via a choledochotomy without a cholecystectomy, and survival without recurrence occurred in both dogs for more than 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4748194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6681613PMC

Bilateral Phacoemulsification in an African Elephant ().

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 10;2019:2506263. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA.

A 37-year-old bull African elephant () at the North Carolina Zoo (NCZ) was diagnosed with bilateral cataracts leading to behavioral changes and significant weight loss secondary to functional blindness. On initial examination, a weight loss of 234 kg, a mature cataract in the right eye, and a focal cataract in the left eye were diagnosed. Ultrasound and electroretinography (ERG) indicated normal retinal attachment and both eyes were viable candidates for surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2506263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6652071PMC

Characterization of Fungal Colonization of Indwelling Esophagostomy Tubes.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 25;2019:8153468. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine, 2407 River Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.

Fungal colonization of feeding tubes occurs rapidly in people, resulting in decreased structural integrity and complications such as luminal obstruction and tube failure. Esophagostomy tubes (E-tubes) are commonly used in dogs and cats for enteral support, but data are lacking regarding colonizing fungi and the impact of colonization on tube integrity. In this study, esophagostomy tubes were collected in lieu of disposal from dogs and cats undergoing feeding tube exchange. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8153468DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6614951PMC
June 2019
1 Read

Novel CT Features of an Abdominal Gossypiboma in a Female Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 24;2019:2865484. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.

Case Description: An eight-year-old Golden Retriever was presented with hypercalcemia and a complex abdominal mass.

Clinical Findings: A well-defined, heterogeneously contrast-enhancing, cavitary, soft tissue attenuating, non-organ associated abdominal mass was identified caudal to the right kidney. This mass was confluent with the distal tip of the right limb of the pancreas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2865484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6613033PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Pseudohypoadrenocorticism in a Siberian Husky with Infection.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 23;2019:3759683. Epub 2019 May 23.

Small Animal Hospital, University of Queensland, Gatton 4343, Australia.

An entire male Siberian Husky presented for diarrhoea, weakness, inappetence, and collapse following a six-day period of illness. On clinical examination the dog displayed vasoconstrictive circulatory shock, dehydration, and melena. Laboratory tests revealed a marked hyponatraemia, hyperkalaemia, and a decreased sodium/potassium ratio of ≤ 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3759683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6556295PMC
May 2019
4 Reads

Successful Treatment of Transient Central Diabetes Insipidus following Traumatic Brain Injury in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 22;2019:3563675. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Small Animal Hospital, University of Queensland, Gatton 4343, Australia.

An 11-year-old female spayed Maltese presented comatose, half an hour after vehicular trauma, and was treated for traumatic brain injury and pulmonary contusions. The dog developed severe hypernatremia within six hours of presentation, which responded poorly to the administration of five percent dextrose in water. As central diabetes insipidus was suspected, desmopressin was trialled and resolution of hypernatremia was achieved six days later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3563675DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6507253PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

A Suspected Case of Lyme Borreliosis in a Dog from Belgium.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 28;2019:3973901. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Ceva Santé Animale, Libourne, France.

A 5-year-old Jack Russell Spaniel was presented in December 2017 to his veterinarian in Belgium for sudden weakness, reluctance to move, and pain. Blood analysis showed no deviations and serum increased levels of s.l. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3973901DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458861PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Etorphine-Ketamine Constant Rate Infusion for Maintenance of Anaesthesia in a Compromised White Rhinoceros ().

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 12;2019:4309043. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Companion Animal Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort 0110, South Africa.

A subadult white rhinoceros bull presented for oesophageal endoscopic evaluation and foreign body removal under general anaesthesia. The animal had a history of nasal and oral regurgitation of water and ingesta with weight-loss for 6 days prior to the procedure and had been diagnosed with oesophageal obstruction caused by a bailing wire. Anaesthesia was induced with intramuscular etorphine and azaperone delivered remotely by dart, followed by an intravenous bolus of ketamine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4309043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434309PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Complete Urogenital and Anorectal Duplication in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 3;2019:3696978. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Clinical, Diagnostic, and Population Medicine and Emerging Pathogens Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.

A 10-week-old sexually intact female golden retriever was evaluated for two functional anal openings and a bipartite vulva. Examination revealed haired skin between two separate anatomically smaller anal openings. On rectal palpation, a soft tissue septum (5 cm) with a mucosal surface between the two anal openings was palpated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3696978DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421014PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Successful Surgical Therapy of a Double Aortic Arch in a 10-Month-Old Mixed Breed Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2019 13;2019:6519041. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Surgery and Neurology, Metropolitan Veterinary Hospital, 1053 S. Cleveland-Massillon Road, Akron, OH, 44321, USA.

A 10-month-old female spayed mixed breed dog with a suspected vascular ring anomaly was presented for exercise intolerance and wheezing. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a double aortic arch. The smaller right aortic arch was successfully ligated via right 4th intercostal thoracotomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6519041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393890PMC
February 2019

Injectable Chemotherapy Downstaged Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma from Nonresectable to Resectable in a Rescue Dog: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcome.

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 8;2018:9078537. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

HylaPharm LLC, 2029 Becker Drive, Lawrence, KS 66047, USA.

This case report documents the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of a nonresectable oral squamous cell carcinoma in a dog with initial poor prognosis. An approximately 4-year-old female Staffordshire Bull Terrier presented with a large mass on the front of lower jaw which was diagnosed as oral papillary squamous cell carcinoma by histopathology. CT scans revealed invasion of the cancer to the frenulum of the tongue. Read More

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http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/crivem/2018/9078537.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9078537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196918PMC
October 2018
26 Reads

Ventral Stabilization of a T2-T3 Vertebral Luxation via Median Sternotomy in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 10;2018:9152394. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, 2015 SW 16th Ave, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.

An 8-year-old neutered male miniature Poodle presented for evaluation of a suspected T3-L3 lesion with cervical component following vehicular trauma. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography revealed a T2-T3 luxation with right displacement of T3. A T2 caudal endplate fracture was present as well as multifocal noncompressive bulges of cervical intervertebral discs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9152394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151845PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Congenital Microphthalmic Syndrome in a Swine.

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 21;2018:2051350. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Equine Department, Section of Ophthalmology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland.

A 17-week-old crossbred finishing pig was presented for lameness of approximately one week. Clinical evaluation, including ophthalmologic examination, revealed ataxia, partial flaccid paresis of the pelvic limbs, skin lesions at feet and claws, and severely reduced vision/blindness. Both eyes had multiple persistent pupillary membranes (iris-to-iris and iris-to-lens) and hypermature cataracts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2051350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6033249PMC
June 2018
17 Reads

Hemangiosarcoma in a Dog: Unusual Presentation and Increased Survival Using a Complementary/Holistic Approach Combined with Metronomic Chemotherapy.

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 5;2018:6160980. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

Blue Pearl Veterinary Partners, 7414 South Tamiami Trail, Sarasota, FL 34231, USA.

This case report documents the clinical and pathologic findings in a 12-year-old terrier mix with intraocular and splenic hemangiosarcoma. Pathologic findings in both the spleen and globe were consistent with hemangiosarcoma with a low mitotic count. Initial treatment consisted of enucleation and then splenectomy followed by one cycle of conventional doxorubicin chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6160980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005304PMC
February 2018
19 Reads

Enucleation in a Cownose Ray .

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 19;2018:5048948. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Trauma is a common problem in Cownose Ray during mating season in both wild and captive rays. Enucleation is indicated when there is an ocular trauma. A 5-year-old female Cownose Ray from Aquaria of Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre (KLCC) was presented to University Veterinary Hospital (UVH), Universiti Putra Malaysia, with a complaint of protruding left eye, which resulted from crushing into artificial coral during mating season. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5048948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005293PMC
March 2018
19 Reads

Section -Associated Calcium Oxalate Crystals in an Eurasian Eagle Owl ().

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 12;2018:3807059. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.

An adult male Eurasian eagle owl () housed at a wildlife rehabilitation facility in southern Oregon died after a short period of progressive ill-thrift. Radiographs taken prior to death demonstrated abnormal radiopaque material in the coelom and the owl was submitted for postmortem examination. Black pigmented fungus was noted grossly, particularly in the respiratory tissues, with abundant oxalate crystal deposition associated with and without hyphal elements subsequently observed histologically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3807059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020650PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Use of the Minimally Invasive Reduction Instrumentation System for Facilitating Alignment and Reduction When Performing Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis in Three Dogs.

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 15;2018:2976795. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

The Minimally Invasive Reduction Instrumentation System (MIRIS) was utilized to facilitate minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) of distal limb diaphyseal comminuted fractures (2 crural, 1 antebrachial) in three dogs. The MIRIS facilitated efficient MIPO in all three fractures. Radial and tibial lengths were restored within 2% of the length of the intact bone and postoperative frontal and sagittal plane angulation were within 3° of the normal contralateral limb for each of the fractures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2976795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005280PMC
April 2018
36 Reads

Novel Treatment of Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis in a Dog with Voriconazole.

Case Rep Vet Med 2018 5;2018:1785748. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Veterinary Emergency Service, 1612 N High Point Rd, No. 100, Middleton, WI 53562, USA.

A dog with disseminated coccidioidomycosis involving the vertebral, cutaneous, and pulmonary systems was treated successfully with voriconazole after failing traditional therapy with fluconazole and terbinafine. This report is the first to describe the successful management of refractory coccidioidomycosis with voriconazole in a dog. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1785748DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005294PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Intertarsal Joint Stabilization in a Bateleur Eagle Using a Novel Application of a Braided Suture and Titanium Button System.

Case Rep Vet Med 2017 10;2017:7373242. Epub 2017 Dec 10.

Veterinary Specialty Hospital of the Carolinas, 6405 Tryon Rd., Suite 100, Cary, NC 27518, USA.

A 32-year-old adult captive male bateleur eagle with a history of laxity, degenerative joint disease, and varus deviation of the distal left hindlimb for several years was presented for evaluation of left hindlimb lameness and was diagnosed with chronic subluxation of the left intertarsal joint. After failing to improve with conservative management and pain medication, surgical stabilization of the joint was performed using a novel application of a braided suture and titanium button system. Unsatisfactory clinical improvement and postsurgical reevaluation indicated that the initial surgical stabilization was unsuccessful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7373242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005288PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Injection-Site Sarcoma in a Dog: Clinical and Pathological Findings.

Case Rep Vet Med 2017 9;2017:6952634. Epub 2017 May 9.

Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, Michigan State University, 4125 Beaumont Road, Room 152A, Lansing, MI 48910, USA.

This case report documents the clinical and pathological findings in a dog that rapidly developed a high-grade sarcoma at the site of multiple vaccinations and follows the response to surgery and adjunct treatment with toceranib. An 11-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever presented with dorsocervical subcutaneous masses at the injection site three weeks after receiving DAPP-Lepto, Rabies, and Bordetella vaccinations. A high-grade soft tissue sarcoma was diagnosed microscopically and immunohistochemistry revealed positive expression of VEGFr, PDGFr, SCF, and EGFR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6952634DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005287PMC
May 2017
2 Reads

Histological and Immunohistochemical Characterization of a Case of Endometriosis in a Guinea Pig .

Case Rep Vet Med 2017 8;2017:4594510. Epub 2017 May 8.

SAFU, Regina Elena Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy.

Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease characterized by the ectopic proliferation of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity. The pathogenesis of this disease is still obscure, and Sampson's theory of retrograde menstruation is still the most widely accepted explanation. Endometriosis in animals has been so far described not only in baboons and a rhesus macaque but also in dogs and horses that are nonmenstruating animals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4594510DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005282PMC
May 2017
4 Reads

Autoinflammatory Reaction in Dogs Treated for Cancer via G6PD Inhibition.

Authors:
Jonathan W Nyce

Case Rep Vet Med 2017 8;2017:4275305. Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Advanced Canine Genetic Testing, 399 Arcola Road, P.O. Box 26219, Collegeville, PA 19426-3998, USA.

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is an oncoprotein that is overexpressed in cancer cells to provide the NADPH required for their increased anabolism. NADPH, sourced from G6PD fuels nucleotide biosynthesis, maintains redox potential of thioredoxin and glutathione and drives the mevalonate pathway that powers many of the basic mechanisms by which cancer cells escape host control. G6PD is thus a target for cancer treatment being addressed by many groups around the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4275305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005277PMC
August 2017
1 Read

Gastric Intussusceptions in a Red Corn Snake Associated with Cryptosporidiosis.

Case Rep Vet Med 2017 7;2017:4270904. Epub 2017 May 7.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, 2015 SW 16th Avenue, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.

A 3-year-old female red corn snake was presented for a three-week history of anorexia and decreased defecations. On physical examination, a soft midbody intracoelomic swelling was palpated. Transcutaneous coelomic ultrasound revealed a target-like mass on a transverse section of the stomach, suggesting the presence of a gastrointestinal intussusception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/4270904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005285PMC
May 2017
7 Reads

Treatment of an Esophageal Stricture in a 1-Month-Old Miniature Shetland Colt.

Case Rep Vet Med 2017 20;2017:3069419. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Burg Müggenhausen Equine Clinic GmbH, Heimerzheimer Straße 18, 53919 Weilerswist, Germany.

A 1-month-old Miniature Shetland colt was presented to the Burg Müggenhausen Equine Clinic. Primary complaints were regurgitation of milk, bilateral white nasal discharge, and weakness. Physical examination, endoscopy of the esophagus, and contrast radiography led to the diagnosis of an esophageal stricture and aspiration pneumonia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crivem/2017/3069419/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/3069419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005291PMC
November 2017
18 Reads

Case Report of a Satin Guinea Pig with Fibrous Osteodystrophy That Resembles Human Pseudohypoparathyroidism.

Authors:
Miguel Gallego

Case Rep Vet Med 2017 27;2017:1321656. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Centro Veterinario Madrid Exóticos, Madrid, Spain.

A case report of a 2-year-old female satin guinea pig with a history of dental overgrowth and lameness and radiological lesions of fibrous osteodystrophy is presented. The most relevant clinical findings were bone demineralization, high level of parathyroid hormone (PTH), normophosphatemia, normal ionized calcium, and low total thyroxine (tT4) with a normal renal function. Long-term treatment was based on teeth coronal reduction and maintaining a balanced diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1321656DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005281PMC
July 2017
6 Reads

Common Arterial Trunk in a 3-Day-Old Alpaca Cria.

Case Rep Vet Med 2016 9;2016:4609126. Epub 2016 Nov 9.

Veterinary Medical Center, Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, 736 Wilson Road, East Lansing, MI, USA.

A 3-day-old alpaca cria presented for progressive weakness and dyspnea since birth. Complete bloodwork, thoracic radiographs, and endoscopic examination of the nasal passages and distal trachea revealed no significant findings. Echocardiogram and contrast study revealed a single artery overriding a large ventricular septal defect (VSD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4609126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005283PMC
November 2016
1 Read

Pedicled Instep Flap and Tibial Nerve Reconstruction in a Cynomolgus Monkey .

Case Rep Vet Med 2016 16;2016:4386249. Epub 2016 Oct 16.

Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Comparative Medicine, Roche Innovation Center, Basel, Switzerland.

A male cynomolgus monkey experienced extensive soft tissue trauma to the right caudal calf area. Some weeks after complete healing of the original wounds, the monkey developed a chronic pressure sore on plantar surface of the heel of its right foot. A loss of sensitivity in the sole of the foot was hypothesized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4386249DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005286PMC
October 2016
2 Reads

Long-Term Outcome of Extensive Resection of the Penis and Prepuce Associated with a Permanent Perineal Urethrostomy in a Gelding Affected by Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Case Rep Vet Med 2016 27;2016:6989450. Epub 2016 Sep 27.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, OVUD, Località Piano D'Accio, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

A 15-year-old gelding was referred for a florid, cauliflower-like ulcerated mass, enclosing penis and prepuce together with penile urethra showing a malodorous purulent and blood-stained discharge and larvae infestation. extensive resection of the penis and prepuce, without penile retroversion or pexy to ventral abdomen associated with a permanent perineal urethrostomy, was performed. Histology of the mass revealed a squamous cell carcinoma of penis and prepuce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6989450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6005296PMC
September 2016