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    174 results match your criteria Case reports in transplantation[Journal]

    1 OF 4

    Reconstruction of a Damaged Lower Polar Artery for Kidney Transplantation Using Tubularised Donor Aorta.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 16;2017:3532473. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Guy's and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, Renal Department, London, UK.
    Introduction: Live donors, extended donor criteria, and the maximum usage of organs with anatomical variants are some of the mechanisms used to increase the number of organs available.

    Case: We present the case of a kidney transplant, in which the organ had an iatrogenic injury to a lower pole arterial branch during retrieval. The donor was a 35-year-old male (DCD, Maastricht III). Read More

    Unusual Manifestations of Acute Cytomegalovirus Infection in Solid Organ Transplant Hosts: A Report of Two Cases.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 11;2017:4916973. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. Tissue-invasive CMV disease causing ulcerative skin disease or esophageal necrosis is rare. We herein describe two cases: a 47-year-old renal and pancreas transplant recipient who presented with skin ulcerations on his elbow and a 50-year-old renal transplant recipient who presented with acute esophageal necrosis. Read More

    Collecting Duct Carcinoma of the Native Kidney in a Renal Transplant Recipient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 14;2017:4527104. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Surgery, Division of Transplantation, Miami Transplant Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.
    Collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) is a rare and aggressive form of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) arising from the epithelium of Bellini's duct. It presents earlier in life and has a poorer prognosis than the clear-cell type. Historically, immunosuppressed renal transplant patients are more likely to develop malignancies than the general population. Read More

    Tacrolimus Aggravated Tube Feeding Syndrome with Acute Renal Failure in a Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 20;2017:7345680. Epub 2017 Aug 20.
    KUNO University Children's Hospital, Regensburg, Germany.
    Acute renal failure can be caused by calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs), due to arteriolopathy and altered tubular function. Within this context, we present the case of a 14-month-old liver transplant recipient who suffered an acute polyuric renal failure during a short episode of hypercaloric feeding. In our case, CNI-induced distal RTA led to nephrocalcinosis and therefore to secondary nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Read More

    Diagnostic Lessons from a Complex Case of Postintestinal Transplantation Enteropathy.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 6;2017:2498423. Epub 2017 Aug 6.
    Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford Transplant Centre, Churchill Hospital, Old Road, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK.
    Recent advances in the field of intestinal transplantation have been mitigated by the incidence of allograft rejection. In such events, early identification and appropriate timing of antirejection therapy are crucial in retaining graft function. We present the case of a patient who suffered severe postintestinal transplantation allograft enteropathy, primarily characterized by extensive mucosal ulcerations, and was refractory to all conventional therapy. Read More

    Angiosarcoma Developing in an Arteriovenous Fistula after Kidney Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 6;2017:2426859. Epub 2017 Aug 6.
    Department of Nephrology, Xerencia de Xestión Integrada A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.
    After transplantation, the main concerns involve immunosuppression, the prevention and treatment of infections and graft rejection, and tumor prevention. Sometimes the complications that may appear in the arteriovenous fistula are neglected following kidney transplantation. This is the reason why we are presenting the case of an angiosarcoma developing in an arteriovenous fistula after kidney transplantation. Read More

    Spontaneous Renal Allograft Rupture Caused by Acute Tubular Necrosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 20;2017:9158237. Epub 2017 Jul 20.
    Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Narayana Health Hospitals, 124 EM Bypass, Mukundapur, Kolkata, India.
    Renal allograft rupture (RAR) is a rare but lethal complication of renal transplantation. It potentially threatens graft and patient survival. RAR is frequently associated with acute rejection, but other causes like renal vein thrombosis and acute tubular necrosis have also been observed. Read More

    Skin-Limited Graft-versus-Host Disease after Pancreatic Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 18;2017:4823870. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.
    Introduction: The phenomenon of graft-versus-host disease, a solid organ transplant recipient, is a rare development with a very poor prognosis.

    Case Presentation: A 40-year-old woman with type 1 diabetes developed cutaneous graft-versus-host disease following second pancreas transplantation.

    Conclusion: The development of a nonspecific rash in the early posttransplant period following a pancreas transplant warrants suspicion for graft-versus-host disease. Read More

    Successful Use of Ectopic Pelvic Kidney for Living Related Donation Technical Aspects and Literature Review.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 4;2017:8286257. Epub 2017 Jun 4.
    Department of Surgery, Division of HPB & Transplant Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center (Erasmus MC), Rotterdam, Netherlands.
    Ectopic pelvic kidneys can provide an additional source of organs for transplantation. They are often excluded from donation in living donation programs mainly due to aberrant vascular and urinary anatomies. We present a donor with an ectopic left kidney, who successfully donated his kidney. Read More

    IVIG Associated Aseptic Meningitis in a Renal Transplant Patient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 23;2017:6962150. Epub 2017 May 23.
    Transplant, Urology and Nephrology Directorate, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland.
    The management of antibody-mediated rejection in renal transplant recipients involves plasmapheresis with IVIG. Aseptic meningitis is a rare adverse effect of IVIG therapy and is a diagnosis of exclusion. We report a case of a renal transplant patient who developed IVIG associated aseptic meningitis in the context of management of antibody-mediated rejection, four years after transplantation. Read More

    Duodenal Graft Perforation after Simultaneous Pancreas-Kidney Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 5;2017:5681251. Epub 2017 Apr 5.
    Department of Surgery, Kidney Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
    A 45-year-old woman with type 1 diabetes and chronic renal failure on dialysis underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation from a brain dead donor. On postoperative day 15, acute generalized peritonitis was diagnosed and emergency laparotomy was performed. Perforation of the donor duodenum was found, which had apparently resulted from duodenal compression by the tip of the intestinal fistula tube placed for decompression. Read More

    Successful Treatment of Recurrent Pulmonary Mucormycosis in a Renal Transplant Patient: A Case Report and Literature Review.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 13;2017:1925070. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Tulane University School of Medicine, Tulane Abdominal Transplant Institute, New Orleans, LA, USA.
    Background. We describe the unusual case of a recently transplanted cadaveric renal transplant recipient who presented with recurrent pulmonary mucormycosis. Case Report. Read More

    Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome Occurring in a Kidney Transplant Patient with Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 7;2017:6290987. Epub 2017 Mar 7.
    Ocean Renal Associates, 210 Jack Martin Boulevard, Brick, NJ 08724, USA.
    Tuberculosis (TB) occurring in solid organ transplantation (SOT) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality usually due to delays in diagnosis, drug toxicity encountered with antimycobacterial therapy, and drug-drug interactions. TB in SOT patients may mimic other infectious and noninfectious posttransplant complications such as posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) and systemic cytomegalovirus infection. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a host response resulting in paradoxical worsening of an infectious disease which occurs after the employment of effective therapy and reversal of an immunosuppressed state. Read More

    Brincidofovir Use after Foscarnet Crystal Nephropathy in a Kidney Transplant Recipient with Multiresistant Cytomegalovirus Infection.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 27;2017:3624146. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    Centre de Néphrologie et Transplantation Rénale, Hôpital Conception, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Marseille, France.
    Background. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) antiviral drug resistance constitutes an increasing challenge in transplantation. Foscarnet is usually proposed when resistance for ganciclovir is suspected, but its use is limited by its nephrotoxicity. Read More

    Successful Treatment of Plasma Cell-Rich Acute Rejection Using Pulse Steroid Therapy Alone: A Case Report.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 10;2017:1347052. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
    Despite the recent development of immunosuppressive agents, plasma cell-rich acute rejection (PCAR) has remained refractory to treatment. Herein, we report an unusual case of PCAR that responded well to pulse steroid therapy alone. A 47-year-old man was admitted for a protocol biopsy three months after kidney transplantation, with a stable serum creatinine level of 1. Read More

    Tacrolimus Toxicity due to Biliary Obstruction in a Combined Kidney and Liver Transplant Recipient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2017 9;2017:9096435. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Queensland Renal Transplant Service, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
    The immunosuppressant tacrolimus has a narrow therapeutic window, necessitating therapeutic drug monitoring to maintain efficacy and minimise toxicity. There are very few reports examining the impact of impaired biliary excretion on tacrolimus blood levels or toxicity. We report the case of a 26-year-old combined liver and kidney transplant recipient, who developed acute biliary obstruction leading to tacrolimus toxicity with very high blood tacrolimus levels. Read More

    Urinary Obstruction of Transplanted Kidney Caused by Uterine Adenomyosis and 2-Year Posthysterectomy Psoas Abscess in Conjunction with Transplanted Kidney.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 20;2016:7142537. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    Department of Urology, Kanazawa University Hospital, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, Japan.
    Urinary obstruction of the transplanted kidney caused by uterine leiomyoma is an extremely rare condition. To the best of our knowledge, there are only two reports in English literature. Psoas abscess secondary to renal graft pyelonephritis is also uncommon. Read More

    Emergent Management of Intracardiac Thrombosis during Liver Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 14;2016:6268370. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
    Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, USA.
    Intraoperative thromboembolism is a well-documented complication associated with orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) but its identification and intraoperative treatment are still an emerging topic in anesthesia. Intracardiac thrombus during OLT is associated with a high mortality rate. There are only a few reports describing the successful management of thromboembolism during OLT. Read More

    Scedosporiosis in a Combined Kidney and Liver Transplant Recipient: A Case Report of Possible Transmission from a Near-Drowning Donor.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 13;2016:1879529. Epub 2016 Dec 13.
    Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University and New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.
    Scedosporium spp. are saprobic fungi that cause serious infections in immunocompromised hosts and in near-drowning victims. Solid organ transplant recipients are at increased risk of scedosporiosis as they require aggressive immunosuppression to prevent allograft rejection. Read More

    Successful Stem Cell Transplantation in a Patient with Pretransplant Hepatic Inflammatory Pseudotumour.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 28;2016:6801916. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Haematology-Oncology, National University Cancer Institute, National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Road, NUHS Tower Block Level 7, Singapore 119228.
    Inflammatory pseudotumours (IPT) are rare benign neoplasms of unknown aetiology. We present a case of hepatic IPT which was incidentally discovered in a patient with relapsed B-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) undergoing pretransplant workup. After investigation to exclude an infective cause she underwent a reduced intensity conditioning stem cell transplant (SCT) successfully and currently remains well and in remission. Read More

    ST Elevation Infarction after Heart Transplantation Induced by Coronary Spasms and Mural Thrombus Detected by Optical Coherence Tomography.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 17;2016:1863869. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
    Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    The case illustrates the possible link between coronary spasms, intraluminal thrombus formation, and widespread organized and layered thrombi in HTx patients. Furthermore, the case underlines the clinical value of OCT as a novel method for high-resolution vessel imaging in heart-transplanted (HTx) patients with coronary spasms and suspected coronary artery disease. Coronary spasms and sudden death are frequent complications after HTx. Read More

    Massive Ascites in a Renal Transplant Patient after Laparoscopic Fenestration of a Lymphocele.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 7;2016:7491627. Epub 2016 Nov 7.
    Department of Integrative Cancer Therapy and Urology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Japan.
    Retroperitoneal lymphocele is a common complication of renal transplantation. Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old woman with massive ascites after fenestration surgery for a lymphocele that developed following renal transplantation. She had been on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis for 9 years. Read More

    Fatal Donor-Derived Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Infection in a Combined Kidney-Pancreas Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 16;2016:7920951. Epub 2016 Oct 16.
    Kidney Transplant Unit, IRCCS San Martino University Hospital, IST National Institute for Cancer Research, Genoa, Italy.
    Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-KP) infections in solid organ transplant recipients are associated with high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a fatal donor-derived CR-KP infection in a combined kidney-pancreas transplant. Given the short interval of time between donor hospitalization and organ procurement, information concerning the donor CR-KP positivity arrived only 72 hours after transplant. Read More

    Immune Complex Mediated Glomerulonephritis with Acute Thrombotic Microangiopathy following Newly Detected Hepatitis B Virus Infection in a Kidney Transplant Recipient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 9;2016:3152495. Epub 2016 Oct 9.
    Departments of Nephrology and Transplantation, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) presents a risk to patients and staff in renal units. To minimise viral transmission, there are international and UK guidelines recommending HBV immunisation for patients commencing renal replacement therapy (RRT) and HBV surveillance in kidney transplant recipients. We report the case of a 56-year-old male who was immunised against HBV before starting haemodialysis. Read More

    Strongyloides Hyperinfection Syndrome Combined with Cytomegalovirus Infection.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 15;2016:1786265. Epub 2016 Sep 15.
    Department of Nephrology, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh 11159, Saudi Arabia.
    The mortality in Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) is alarmingly high. This is particularly common in bone marrow, renal, and other solid organ transplant (SOT) patients, where figures may reach up to 50-85%. Immunosuppressives, principally corticosteroids, are the primary triggering factor. Read More

    High on Cannabis and Calcineurin Inhibitors: A Word of Warning in an Era of Legalized Marijuana.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 9;2016:4028492. Epub 2016 Aug 9.
    Department of Medicine, Roger Williams Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Providence, RI 02908, USA.
    Tacrolimus, a potent immunosuppressant medication, acts by inhibiting calcineurin, which eventually leads to inhibition of T-cell activation. The drug is commonly used to prevent graft rejection in solid organ transplant and graft-versus-host disease in hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. Tacrolimus has a narrow therapeutic index with variable oral bioavailability and metabolism via cytochrome P-450 3A enzyme. Read More

    Preserved Renal Function in Kidney Transplantation over a Thrombosed Aortobifemoral Bypass Graft: The Role of Retrograde Flow and Early Thrombolysis.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 4;2016:6579591. Epub 2016 Aug 4.
    Department of Nephrology, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Carretera de Colmenar Viejo Km. 9.100, 28034 Madrid, Spain.
    Aortobifemoral bypass (ABFB) thrombosis is not uncommon, and when the artery of a renal graft is implanted on a bypass the risk of graft loss is high. We report the case of a 48-year-old woman with a previous history of ABFB under antiplatelet therapy and a kidney allograft implanted on the vascular prosthesis, who presented with acute limb ischemia and severe renal impairment. Imaging techniques revealed a complete thrombosis of the proximal left arm of the ABFB. Read More

    Eculizumab for the Treatment of Severe Antibody-Mediated Rejection: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 10;2016:9874261. Epub 2016 Jul 10.
    Department of Nephrology, Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada H1T 2M4.
    In renal transplantation, treatment options for antibody-mediated rejection are limited. Here, we report a case of severe AMR treated with eculizumab. A 50-year-old woman known for end stage kidney disease secondary to IgA nephropathy received a kidney transplant from a 50-year-old deceased donor. Read More

    Rapid Resolution of Cholangitic Abscess and Biliary Sepsis in a Liver Transplant Recipient after Hepatic Artery Revascularization.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 1;2016:1520849. Epub 2016 Jun 1.
    Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Temple University Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.
    Hepatic arterial flow is paramount in preserving biliary integrity. We present an interesting clinical scenario of a liver transplant recipient with biliary anastomotic stricture who developed biliary abscess and sepsis after Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography. The abscess did not respond to maximal medical management, percutaneous drainage, and adequate endoscopic biliary drainage. Read More

    Early Posttransplant Isolated v1 Lesion Does Not Need to Be Treated and Does Not Lead to Increased Fibrosis.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 17;2016:4603014. Epub 2016 May 17.
    Division of Nephrology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA.
    Acute vascular rejection (AVR) is characterized by intimal arteritis in addition to tubulitis and interstitial inflammation. It is associated with a poorer prognosis compared to tubulointerstitial rejection (AIR) and AVR is associated with a higher rate of graft loss than AIR. The prognosis and treatment of arteritis without tubulitis and interstitial inflammation (isolated v1 lesion) are still controversial. Read More

    Application of the Liver Maximum Function Capacity Test in Acute Liver Failure: A Helpful Tool for Decision-Making in Liver Transplantation?
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 4;2016:7074636. Epub 2016 May 4.
    Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany.
    Background. Despite aggressive intensive medical management acute liver failure (ALF) may require high-urgency liver transplantation (LTx). Available prognostic scores do not apply for all patients; reliable tools to identify individuals in need of LTx are highly required. Read More

    False Positive B-Cells Crossmatch after Prior Rituximab Exposure of the Kidney Donor.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 28;2016:4534898. Epub 2016 Apr 28.
    Department of Histocompatibility, Amiens University Medical Center, 80000 Amiens, France.
    Crossmatching is essential prior to kidney transplantation to confirm compatibility between the donor and the recipient, particularly to prevent acute antibody-mediated rejection. An unexpected positive crossmatch may be obtained in recipients with an autoimmune disease or preexisting antibodies not detected by single-antigen bead array due to complement interference or who have been previously treated by desensitization protocols such as rituximab, antithymocyte globulin, or intravenous immunoglobulins. We report donor and recipient investigations that revealed unexpected positive B-cells crossmatch, probably due to donor cells, as the donor had received rituximab therapy shortly before organ harvesting, in a context of severe idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Read More

    First Autologous Cord Blood Therapy for Pediatric Ischemic Stroke and Cerebral Palsy Caused by Cephalic Molding during Birth: Individual Treatment with Mononuclear Cells.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 30;2016:1717426. Epub 2016 Apr 30.
    Department of Pediatrics, Ruhr-University Bochum, St. Josef-Hospital, Alexandrinenstrasse 5, 44791 Bochum, Germany; Department of Pediatrics, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Bielefeld, Kinderzentrum Bethel, Grenzweg 10, 33617 Bielefeld, Germany.
    Intracranial laceration due to traumatic birth injury is an extremely rare event affecting approximately one newborn per a population of 4.5 million. However, depending on the mode of injury, the resulting brain damage may lead to lifelong sequelae, for example, cerebral palsy for which there is no cure at present. Read More

    Lung Transplant Recipient with Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 24;2016:4628354. Epub 2016 Apr 24.
    Norton Thoracic Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA.
    Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a progressive lung disease characterized by accumulated surfactant-like lipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli and distal bronchioles. This accumulation is the result of impaired clearance by alveolar macrophages. PAP has been described in 11 solid organ transplant recipients, 9 of whom were treated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors. Read More

    Different Management Options for Transplant Ureteral Obstructions within an Inguinal Hernia.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 10;2016:4730494. Epub 2016 Apr 10.
    Department of Urology, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA; Department of Transplant, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA.
    Ureteral obstruction secondary to an inguinal hernia with transplant ureteral component is an extremely rare entity with only several case reports found in literature. In all previously reported cases, management of the obstruction involved temporary drainage with ureteral stenting or nephrostomy tube placements followed by delayed definitive repair. We present two case reports, here one being the first one managed by immediate definitive repair via ureteral reimplant and herniorrhaphy and a second case by delayed definitive repair after percutaneous nephrostomy tube placement. Read More

    Successful Treatment of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis after Kidney Transplantation with Plasma Exchange and Abatacept in a Patient with Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 20;2016:7137584. Epub 2016 Mar 20.
    Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, Academic Teaching Hospital Feldkirch, 6800 Feldkirch, Austria; Vorarlberg Institute for Vascular Investigation and Treatment, Academic Teaching Hospital Feldkirch, 6800 Feldkirch, Austria.
    Recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) after renal transplantation is difficult to treat. Recently a series of four patients unresponsive to plasma exchange (PE) and rituximab, who were successfully treated with abatacept, has been reported. We present a 26-year-old Caucasian patient who suffered from juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and developed severe proteinuria eleven days after transplantation. Read More

    Treatment of Cytomegalovirus Infection with Cidofovir and CMV Immune Globulin in a Lung Transplant Recipient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2016 13;2016:4560745. Epub 2016 Jan 13.
    Department of Transplant and Infection Immunology, Saarland University, Kirrbergerstrasse, Building 47, Homburg, 66421 Saarland, Germany.
    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after lung transplantation is associated with increased risk for pneumonitis and bronchiolitis obliterans as well as allograft rejection and opportunistic infections. Ganciclovir is the mainstay of prophylaxis and treatment but CMV infections can be unresponsive. Apart from direct antiviral drugs, CMV immunoglobulin (CMVIG) preparations may be considered but are only licensed for prophylaxis. Read More

    Septic Shock Induced by Bacterial Prostatitis with Morganella morganii subsp. morganii in a Posttransplantation Patient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 21;2015:850532. Epub 2015 Dec 21.
    Department of Urology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou 350001, China.
    Bacterial infection is a common complication after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT). Morganella morganii is ubiquitous Gram-negative facultative anaerobe, which may cause many kinds of opportunistic infection. Herein we report a case of a 55-year-old man who presented with frequent urination, urgency, and mild pain that comes and goes low in the abdomen and around the anus. Read More

    Gastrointestinal Bleeding and Diffuse Skin Thickening as Kaposi Sarcoma Clinical Presentation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 10;2015:424508. Epub 2015 Dec 10.
    Department of Nephrology, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Avenida Professor Reinaldo dos Santos, 2790-134 Carnaxide, Portugal.
    A 56-year-old African patient received a kidney from a deceased donor with 4 HLA mismatches in April 2013. He received immunosuppression with basiliximab, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisone. Immediate diuresis and a good allograft function were soon observed. Read More

    Utility of Iron Staining in Identifying the Cause of Renal Allograft Dysfunction in Patients with Sickle Cell Disease.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 1;2015:528792. Epub 2015 Dec 1.
    Department of Anatomic and Clinical Pathology, Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA.
    Sickle cell nephropathy (SCN) is associated with iron/heme deposition in proximal renal tubules and related acute tubular injury (ATI). Here we report the utility of iron staining in differentiating causes of renal allograft dysfunction in patients with a history of sickle cell disease. Case 1: the patient developed acute allograft dysfunction two years after renal transplant. Read More

    Treatment of Recurrent Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder with Autologous Blood Stem Cell Transplant.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 25;2015:801082. Epub 2015 Nov 25.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita, 1010 N. Kansas Street, Wichita, KS 67214, USA.
    Background. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) occur after solid organ transplantation. Treatment guidelines include reduction in immunosuppression (RIS), radiation, rituximab, chemotherapy, and immunological agents. Read More

    ELISA-Based Crossmatching Allowing the Detection of Emerging Donor-Specific Anti-HLA Antibodies through the Use of Stored Donors' Cell Lysates.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 8;2015:763157. Epub 2015 Nov 8.
    Tissue Typing Laboratory (GHATT), University Hospital Halle/Saale, Magdeburger Strasse 16, 06112 Halle, Germany.
    About forty years ago the complement-dependent crossmatch assay (CDC-CM) was developed as standard procedure in order to select recipients without donor-specific antibodies directed against human leukocyte antigens of their given donors since the negative outcome of pretransplant crossmatching represents one of the most important requirements for a successful kidney graft survival. However, as a functional assay the CDC-CM strongly depends on the availability of donors' isolated lymphocytes and in particular on their vitality highly limiting its applicability for recipients treated with special drugs and therapeutic antibodies or suffering from underlying autoimmune diseases. In the great majority of these cases ELISA-based crossmatching has been demonstrated to be an adequate alternative procedure nevertheless leading to valid results. Read More

    Premalignant and Malignant Skin Lesions in Two Recipients of Vascularized Composite Tissue Allografts (Face, Hands).
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 13;2015:356459. Epub 2015 Oct 13.
    Department of Transplantation, Edouard Herriot Hospital Group, 69003 Lyon, France.
    Recipients of solid organ transplants (RSOT) have a highly increased risk for developing cutaneous premalignant and malignant lesions, favored by the lifelong immunosuppression. Vascularized composite tissue allografts (VCA) have been introduced recently, and relevant data are sparse. Two patients with skin cancers (one with basal cell carcinoma and one with squamous cell carcinomas) have been so far reported in this patient group. Read More

    Absent Right Side Iliac Arterial System, an Intraoperative Surprise during Live Related Recipient Renal Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 11;2015:894786. Epub 2015 Aug 11.
    Department of Urology, PVS Memorial Hospital, Kaloor, Kerala 682017, India.
    Introduction. Renal transplantation has become the standard of care for patients with end stage renal disease. We present a rare case of an absent right sided iliac arterial system encountered during recipient renal transplantation. Read More

    Unusual Causes of Abrupt Anuria Early Post-Renal Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 13;2015:753159. Epub 2015 Jul 13.
    Department of Nephrology, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore 560054, India.
    Renal transplantation using living donors has superior outcomes in comparison to deceased donor transplantation and results in immediate allograft function in a majority of cases. Rarely may allograft be nonfunctional from the beginning, or anuria is noted after a period of good urine output. Surgical causes for anuria should be high on the differential diagnosis in immediate-to-early posttransplant period, especially in an unsensitized recipient. Read More

    Transplantation of Horseshoe Kidney from Living, Genetically Unrelated Donor.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 9;2015:390381. Epub 2015 Jul 9.
    Department of Urology, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama 641-0012, Japan.
    We report a case of renal transplantation using a horseshoe kidney from a living, genetically unrelated donor. The recipient was a 60-year-old man with diabetic nephropathy, and the donor was the 63-year-old wife of the recipient with a horseshoe kidney free of complications. Computed tomography showed two renal arteries and one renal vein on the left side, and the isthmus was perfused by several accessory arteries and veins. Read More

    Anti-Erythropoietin Antibody Associated Pure Red Cell Aplasia Resolved after Liver Transplantation.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 9;2015:286276. Epub 2015 Jul 9.
    Department of Internal Medicine, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA.
    Patients undergoing antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis C often develop anemia secondary to ribavirin and interferon. Recombinant erythropoietin has been used to improve anemia associated with antiviral therapy and to minimize dose reductions, which are associated with decreased rates of sustained virologic response. A rare potential side effect of recombinant erythropoietin is anti-erythropoietin antibody associated pure red cell aplasia. Read More

    Constrictive Pericarditis in the Presence of Remaining Remnants of a Left Ventricular Assist Device in a Heart Transplanted Patient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 21;2015:372698. Epub 2015 May 21.
    Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a severe subform of pericarditis with various causes and clinical findings. Here, we present the unique case of CP in the presence of remaining remnants of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in a heart transplanted patient. A 63-year-old man presented at the Heidelberg Heart Center outpatient clinic with progressive dyspnea, fatigue, and loss of physical capacity. Read More

    Invasive Microascus trigonosporus Species Complex Pulmonary Infection in a Lung Transplant Recipient.
    Case Rep Transplant 2015 14;2015:745638. Epub 2015 May 14.
    Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80010, USA.
    Because of the high incidence of morbidity and mortality associated with invasive fungal infections, antifungal prophylaxis is often used in solid organ transplant recipients. However, this prophylaxis is not universally effective and may contribute to the selection of emerging, resistant pathogens. Here we present a rare case of invasive infection caused by Microascus trigonosporus species complex in a human, which developed during voriconazole prophylaxis in a lung transplant recipient. Read More

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