437 results match your criteria Case reports in radiology[Journal]


Unruptured Multiple Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysms.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 27;2020:5046095. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Medicine, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY, USA.

Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is a rare cardiac condition occurring in about 0.09% of the general population, with potential for grave complications. Unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysms of all three sinuses in the same patient are even more rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5046095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275223PMC

Rare Case of a Calcified Catheter-Related Sheath Embolizing to the Right Pulmonary Artery.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 20;2020:8623538. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Radiology, Tripler Army Medical Center, Medical Center, Hawaii, USA.

Catheter-related sheaths, formerly known as "fibrin sheaths," are the most common complications of central venous catheters. Although usually harmless, they can very rarely detach from the venous wall against which they were formed and embolize with effects ranging from subclinical embolisms to death. This rare occurrence has only been described a few times in the literature to date, and to our knowledge, the embolized sheath has never been directly visualized with CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8623538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256732PMC

Ganglion of the Sternoclavicular Joint: A Rare Location of an Uncommon Pediatric Mass.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 26;2020:2035756. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Radiology, MCHK-DR, Tripler Army Medical Center, 1 Jarrett White Road, Honolulu, HI, USA.

This is a case of a two-year-old boy with a ganglion arising from the sternoclavicular joint. Ganglia are rare in the pediatric population, with less than 2% occurring under the age of 2 years old. Additionally, sternoclavicular joint ganglia are also exceedingly rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2035756DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7140122PMC

A Degrading Potassium Tablet Mimicking Active Gastric Bleeding in a Computer Tomographic Investigation.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 18;2020:9791519. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Intensive Care Unit, Luzern Canton Hospital, Spitalstrasse, 6000 Luzern 16, Switzerland.

A 54-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital due to symptoms caused by an intramural hematoma of the descending aorta. In a contrast media-enhanced computed tomography scan performed five days after admission to evaluate dynamics of the hematoma, a hyperdense lesion was seen in the stomach. A suspicion of gastric hemorrhage was raised at the first evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9791519DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7104116PMC

Germ Cell Tumor with Bronchial Fistula.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 25;2020:7650206. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Radiology Department, Thoracic Imaging Division, Hospital Universitario Mayor - Méderi, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia.

Germ cell tumors account for 15% of anterior mediastinum tumors. Fistulas are abnormal communications between two surfaces covered by the epithelium. A fistula can occur between the bronchial tree and the adjacent anatomical structures secondary to variable etiologies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7650206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066392PMC
February 2020

Mature Ovarian Teratoma: Atypical Imaging.

Authors:
S Wakrim M El Jdid

Case Rep Radiol 2020 18;2020:1352961. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Pediatric Surgery Department, Regional Hospital Center Hassan 2, Agadir, Morocco.

The incidence of a mature ovarian teratoma ranged from 20% to 30% of pediatric ovarian tumors (Sabaa et al., 2009), which is composed of well-differentiated tissues that derive from all three germ cell layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm); it is one of the most common benign ovarian neoplasms. In this case report, we discuss a 9-year-old female patient who presented with abdominal pain and distended abdomen, for which she had an abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1352961DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7053484PMC
February 2020

Ruptured Ovarian Artery Pseudoaneurysm in a Postmenopausal Patient Treated with Transcatheter Embolization.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 14;2020:6728318. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Department of Radiology, SUNY, HSCB, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11215, USA.

Ovarian artery pseudoaneurysms are relatively rare entities, usually associated with pregnancy or the early postpregnancy period. Occurrence in older females is even less common. We present a case of ruptured ovarian artery pseudoaneurysm in an older postmenopausal patient, successfully treated with transcatheter embolization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6728318DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7044488PMC
February 2020

Ruptured Obturator Internus Muscle Abscess Causing Extensive Retroperitoneal Necrosis.

Authors:
Zablon Bett

Case Rep Radiol 2020 7;2020:8920178. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Maseno University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 1777-20200 Kericho, Kenya.

Obturator internus muscle (OIM) abscess occurs rarely in adults. Accurate diagnosis is often hindered and delayed due to the deep location of the abscess and the nonspecific clinical features. Even of rarer occurrence is rupture of the obturator internus muscle abscess into the perirectal space and retroperitoneum causing extensive retroperitoneal necrotizing soft tissue infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8920178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7029277PMC
February 2020

Magnetic Apposition across the Epiglottis: Radiographic and Operative Correlation of a Rare Hypopharyngeal Foreign Body.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 3;2020:3245634. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

. Rare-earth magnet ingestions are a subset of foreign body ingestions and can result in significant morbidity secondary to pressure necrosis. These magnets are best visualized radiographically, typically located in the gastrointestinal tract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3245634DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7021466PMC
February 2020

Vertebral Erosion Secondary to Aortic Aneurysm.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 24;2020:6062140. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Central Radiology Department, University Hospital Center Ibn Sina, Rabat, Morocco.

We report the case of a patient who presented for back pain with paresthesia, and the CT showed vertebral lysis of aneurysmal origin. The aneurysm of the thoracic aorta compresses the anterior surface of the dorsal vertebrae and by mechanical effect is responsible for the destruction of the opposite bone. The knowledge of this cause is very important considering the frequency of other tumoral and infectious causes of this affection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6062140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007753PMC
January 2020

Mirizzi Syndrome with Cholecystobiliary Fistula: Observation of Development from Asymptomatic Cholecystolithiasis to Surgery.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 27;2020:2049525. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of General Surgery, Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, 3-1-10 Takanodai, Nerima-ku, Tokyo 177-8521, Japan.

Despite a considerable number of reports of Mirizzi syndrome, none have described the process of its development from simple cholecystolithiasis. We report an extremely rare case of Mirizzi syndrome in which it was possible to observe the process of development of cholecystobiliary fistula from asymptomatic cholecystolithiasis until unavoidable surgical intervention 4 years later. A 68-year-old woman presented at our hospital with right upper quadrant pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2049525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007954PMC
January 2020

Bilateral Bochdalek Hernias Associated with Arnold-Chiari I Malformation.

Case Rep Radiol 2020 22;2020:1931879. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

West Virginia University Department of Radiology, Morgantown WV 26505, USA.

A Bochdalek hernia is a posterolateral diaphragmatic defect that is either congenital or acquired. The contents of the hernia range from fat to intra-abdominal organs. They are primarily pathologies of neonates and most commonly occur unilaterally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1931879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007740PMC
January 2020

Multiparametric Ultrasound (mpUS) of a Rare Testicular Capillary Hemangioma.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 28;2019:7568098. Epub 2019 Dec 28.

Department of Radiology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

Capillary hemangioma is a rare entity among testicular tumors. We demonstrate the case of an 18-year-old patient with palpatoric and sonographic conspicuous left testicle and negative serum tumor markers (-fetoprotein, -human chorionic gonadotropin, and lactate dehydrogenase). Ultrasound (US) imaging represented an isoechogenic lesion with high vascularization in both power Doppler and microflow imaging with central feeding artery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7568098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6949659PMC
December 2019

Bilateral Oval and Round Window Atresia on CT Temporal Bone: A Rare Anomaly Clinically Mimicking Otosclerosis in an Adult.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 21;2019:7457603. Epub 2019 Dec 21.

Department of ENT Surgery, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

We present a rare adult case of bilateral oval and round window atresia. Clinical and audiologic findings were suggestive of otosclerosis. High resolution CT Temporal bones showed unequivocal findings of bilateral oval and round window atresia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7457603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6948323PMC
December 2019

Headache and MRI Changes after Endovascular Treatment of a Cerebral Aneurysm.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 20;2019:6917902. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Radiology, Stavanger University Hospital, 4068 Stavanger, Norway.

Background: The main complications after endovascular therapy of intracranial aneurysms are aneurysm rupture and thromboembolic events. Yet, the widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in follow-up of these patients also demonstrates other, rarely known complications such as aseptic meningitis and foreign body reaction.

Case Presentation: A small aneurysm in the right posterior communicating artery was treated with endovascular therapy in a 65 year old woman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6917902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6939425PMC
December 2019

Cryoablation of a Symptomatic Chest Wall Desmoid Tumor Underneath a Silicone Breast Implant.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 18;2019:2650790. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Interventional Radiology Service, Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Desmoid tumors are locally aggressive tumors that have a high rate of reoccurrence, even after resection. Percutaneous cryoablation is an effective alternative treatment with less associated risk. A patient in the fifth decade of life with a history of ductal carcinoma-in-situ, status post bilateral mastectomy and silicone implant placement, presented with a palpable mass in the left breast, core biopsy proven to be a desmoid tumor underneath the implant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2650790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6942717PMC
December 2019

Incidental Finding of Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus in a 59-Year-Old Man.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 1;2019:7107293. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Dextrocardia with situs inversus is a rare congenital anomaly, which is characterized by right-sided heart apex and inversely rotated visceral organs of the abdomen. We report an unusual case of dextrocardia with situs inversus in a 59-year-old man, referred for a pelvic ultrasound scan because of symptoms of lower urinary tract obstruction and after a fairly normal prostate specific antigen (PSA) value. A diagnosis of enlarged prostate gland with a prominent median lobe and significant residual urine volume was made, which necessitated the examination of the kidneys for hydronephrosis, resulting in the incidental finding of situs inversus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7107293DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6914947PMC
December 2019

Chordoid Glioma as a Differential Diagnosis of Anterior Third Ventricle Tumours: A Rare Case Report and Five-Year Follow-Up.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 4;2019:3584837. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Radiology, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Genk, Belgium.

Chordoid glioma is a rare and relatively recently defined tumour entity. Worldwide there have only been around 90 cases described until now. A chordoid glioma comprises a low-grade suprasellar neuroepithelial neoplasm originating in the anterior part of the third ventricle, with consistent radiological features on MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3584837DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6913282PMC
December 2019

A Case of Aortic Dissection Presenting with Atypical Symptoms and Diagnosed with Transthoracic Echocardiography.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 11;2019:6545472. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Department of Cardiology, Nassau University Medical Center, East Meadow, NY, USA.

We present a case of an extensive aortic dissection (AD) identified in a woman with atypical symptoms. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) allowed the identification of an intimal flap in multiple locations and resulted in rapid diagnosis and treatment. In most cases, CT angiography is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosis of AD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6545472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6881564PMC
November 2019

Hemoptysis due to Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation after Coil Embolization during Long-Term Follow-Up.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 20;2019:4506253. Epub 2019 Oct 20.

Department of Radiology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.

A 28-year-old man with a history of coil embolization of multiple pulmonary arteriovenous malformations presented with hemoptysis 11 years after initial embolization. A cavity lesion in the left upper lobe, which was accompanied by deformed coils and ground-glass opacity, was considered responsible for hemoptysis. Embolization of the bronchial artery was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4506253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6854255PMC
October 2019

Incidental Diagnosis of a Rare Case of Corkscrew Aorta.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 13;2019:2016959. Epub 2019 Oct 13.

Division of Radiology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, "Magna Græcia" University, Catanzaro, Italy.

The corkscrew aorta is a variant of the normal anatomical course of the aorta. This rare condition is characterized by a marked tortuosity of the aorta. In our experience it concerns the tract of subrenal aorta, that is an unusual condition, since there are no other cases in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2016959DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6815637PMC
October 2019

Multiple Myeloma Breast Involvement: A Case Report.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 9;2019:2079439. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Consultant General Surgery, Altnagelvin Area Hospital, WHSC Trust, Glenshane Rd, Londonderry BT47 6SB, UK.

Multiple Myeloma involving the breast is very rare and the diagnosis is challenging because the clinical and radiological features of breast multiple myeloma are indistinguishable to other forms of breast disease whether primary or metastatic. In this article the authors report a case presented with breast masses, which were found to be extra osseous Multiple Myeloma. The patient was managed for multiple spinal lesions that were primarily thought to be metastasis from primary breast cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2079439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6803727PMC
October 2019

Importance of Both Internal and External Iliac Artery Interrogation in Pelvic Trauma as Evidenced by Hemorrhage from Bilateral Corona Mortis with Unilateral Aberrant Origin off the External Iliac Artery.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 8;2019:6734816. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Kings County Hospital, 451 Clarkson Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

Transcatheter angiography and embolization has long been recognized as the gold standard for patients with hemodynamic instability secondary to blunt pelvic trauma. While often the bleeding source can be readily localized based on the distribution of extravasation on preprocedural Computed Tomographic Angiography, one should be cautious in assessment for aberrant anatomy. A variant obturator artery originating from the inferior epigastric branch of the external iliac artery is commonly referred to as the corona mortis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6734816DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6644275PMC

Arterial Calcification on Wrist Radiographs May Suggest Need for Evaluation of Atherosclerosis in Asymptomatic Individuals.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 3;2019:6156948. Epub 2019 Jul 3.

The Milwaukee Hand Center, 1535 W. Market Street, Mequon, WI 53092, USA.

Asymptomatic individuals with significant coronary artery disease (CAD) are at risk for unanticipated cardiac events including myocardial infarction (MI). Laboratory studies, stress tests, and coronary artery imaging including coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring evaluate at-risk individuals. Hand and wrist x-rays demonstrating significant arterial wall calcification may provide an additional means to identify asymptomatic individuals at risk for cardiac events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6156948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6636529PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Thyroglossal Duct Carcinoma Originating in the Hyoid Bone.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 1;2019:3067346. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

Department of Radiology, Jichi Medical University, School of Medicine, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.

Thyroglossal duct (TGD) carcinoma is a rare malignant tumor arising from remnants of thyroid tissue or the wall of the duct and generally occurs along the anatomic course of the TGD. TGD carcinoma originating in the hyoid bone is extremely rare but can occur since the TGD penetrates the hyoid bone on rare occasions. This report describes the case of a 30-year-old man with TGD carcinoma originating in the hyoid bone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3067346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6633968PMC

Description of Two Cases of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Associated with a Breast Implant.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 27;2019:6137198. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Center of Senology Drs Crèvecoeur, Liège, Belgium.

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a recently recognized provisional entity in the 2017 revision of the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid neoplasms. Although the majority of the cases described in the literature demonstrate an effusion confined to the capsule of the breast implant, this rare pathology can also invade the capsule and adjacent tissues and/or involve lymph nodes. We hereby report two new cases of BIA-ALCL in a 58-year-old and a 47-year-old Caucasian female who received a silicone breast implant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6137198DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6620858PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Upper Limb Meromelia with Oligodactyly and Brachymesophalangy of the Foot: An Unusual Association.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 24;2019:3419383. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

University of Health Sciences, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, Ankara, Turkey.

Meromelia is a rare skeletal abnormality characterized by the partial absence of at least one limb. Several mechanisms have been postulated to explain the etiopathogenesis of the disorder. Most of the cases of meromelia are reported to be sporadic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3419383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6612976PMC
June 2019
4 Reads

Microgallbladder: Self-Remitting Acute Cholecystitis-Like Condition Unique to Patients with Cystic Fibrosis.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 19;2019:6737428. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

Department of Radiology, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., Tampa, FL 33612, USA.

Microgallbladder is a nonsurgical medical condition characterized by chronic inflammation and atrophy of the gallbladder, which is considered a highly specific imaging finding unique to patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and has been incidentally reported on abdominal imaging in up to 45% of cases with CF. The impairment of exocrine water efflux in CF leads to the production of hyperviscous biliary secretions, cholestasis, and transient cystic duct obstruction of the microgallbladder causing microcholecystitis-interestingly a self-remitting acute cholecystitis-like condition without surgical intervention. We present a case report of a 22-year-old male patient with history of CF with multiple hospital admissions for unexplained chronic abdominal pain found to be caused by microgallbladder, which was managed conservatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6737428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6607729PMC
June 2019
7 Reads

Cholecystohepatic Duct: A Biliary Duct Variant Resulting in Postcholecystectomy Bile Leak-Case Report and Review of Normal and Common Variant Biliary Anatomy.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 17;2019:6812793. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

Beaumont Hospital, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Molecular Imaging, 3601 W 13 Mile Rd, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA.

Although relatively infrequent, bile duct leaks are among the primary complications of hepatobiliary surgery and cholecystectomy given the large number of these operations performed annually around the world. Variant biliary anatomy increases the risk of surgical complications, especially if unrecognized on preoperative imaging or intraoperatively. Presented here is a case of a patient with an unrecognized cholecystohepatic duct at the time of surgery leading to bile leak after cholecystectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6812793DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6601483PMC
June 2019
8 Reads

Two Cases of Primary Testicular Lymphoma Presenting with Direct Spread along the Spermatic Cord and Gonadal Vessels.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 18;2019:5953618. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Department of Radiology, Northwick Park Hospital, Watford Road, London HA1 3UJ, UK.

Primary testicular lymphoma is a rare testicular neoplasm that mainly affects elderly patients, with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) being a known risk factor in the younger population. Approximately 20% of patients will have disseminated disease with extra-nodal involvement at clinical presentation. Rarely, direct spread along the spermatic cord and gonadal vessels can occur and has been described in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5953618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6604472PMC

Dural and Leptomeningeal Spine Metastases of Breast Cancer.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 29;2019:4289362. Epub 2019 May 29.

Neuroradiology Unit, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Central, EPE, Portugal.

We present a case of a 57-year-old female diagnosed with invasive ductal breast cancer, which was treated and in remission for 12 years. In 2018 she presented a progressive dorsal back pain, which prevented her from performing basic tasks. An MR study was performed and revealed the presence of an extramedullary metastatic sleeve located in the thoracic intradural space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4289362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6560324PMC
May 2019
2 Reads

An Unusual Ovarian Mucinous Borderline Tumor with a Large Solid Component.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 22;2019:1402736. Epub 2019 May 22.

Department of Radiology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, 38 Moroyama-chou, Iruma-gun, Saitama 350-0495, Japan.

Herein, we report magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a mucinous borderline tumor of the ovary, which we observed as a mainly solid tumor with large solid components in the lower pelvic cavity. The appearance of ovarian epithelial tumors on imaging is often complex. Cystic to solid appearing masses may be observed, and they often resemble epithelial carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1402736DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6556328PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Case Report of a Rare Cystic Mediastinal Lymphangioma Mimicking Recurrent Pleural Effusion.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 26;2019:1301845. Epub 2019 May 26.

Department of Radiology, Victoria Hospital, London Health Science Centre, Western University, London, ON, Canada N6A 5W9.

Mediastinal lymphangiomas are rare benign congenital malformations, but complications can occur, including infection, cystic hemorrhage, superior vena cava syndrome, airway compromise, and chylothorax. Radiologically, lymphangiomas are well-defined masses, with low attenuation ranging from simple to complex fluid and fat. They often encase adjacent mediastinal structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1301845DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6556350PMC
May 2019
9 Reads

TB Meningitis and TB Peritonitis: Abdominal Pseudocyst and VP-Shunt Link.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 28;2019:4893547. Epub 2019 Apr 28.

Department of Surgery, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

TB meningitis (TBM) carries high morbidity and mortality and is a relatively common extrapulmonary TB in the third world countries. TBM as thick exudative disease manifests on MRI and CT as nodular basal leptomeningitis, hydrocephalus, basal infarcts, and tuberculomas. Hydrocephalus is treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4893547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6512015PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Transcatheter Proximal Coil Blocking with n-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate Injection via the Pulmonary Artery Alone for Rasmussen's Aneurysm.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 15;2019:1725238. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Radiology, Jichi Medical University, School of Medicine, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.

Rasmussen's aneurysm is a peripheral pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm (PAP) within a tuberculosis cavity. Because it can be perfused from the bronchial and pulmonary arterial circulations, combined embolization via the bronchial and pulmonary arteries is sometimes required. Herein, we present case of a 51-year-old man with Rasmussen's aneurysm that was successfully treated by proximal coil blocking with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) injection via the pulmonary artery alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1725238DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6500601PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Multisystemic Benign Metastasizing Leiomyoma: An Unusual Condition with an Atypical Clinical Presentation.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 10;2019:7014248. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Radiology Unit, Centro Hospitalar Tondela-Viseu, EPE, Portugal.

Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rarely found entity with few documented cases in the literature, usually occurring in women of reproductive age with a history of myomectomy or hysterectomy. The leiomyomas can metastasize to several organs, the lungs being the most commonly affected. We report a case of a 40-year-old female patient who presented at our institution with low back pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7014248DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6481151PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Asymptomatic Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica of the Shoulder in a Skeletally Mature Patient with Normal Function.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 27;2019:5356246. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Departamento de Radiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica is a rare osteocartilaginous overgrowth syndrome of bone epiphysis, mostly encountered in the lower limbs of immature skeleton patients. We report a case of proximal humerus presentation in an adult male, with neither articular involvement nor clinical dysfunction. This case highlights the importance of stratification into intra- and extra-articular lesions, as this distinction ultimately influences both symptoms and treatment outcome. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crira/2019/5356246/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5356246DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457295PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Septic Pulmonary Embolism Secondary to Epididymitis: Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 19;2019:5395090. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Hospital Universitario Mayor Méderi, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: Septic pulmonary embolism (SPE) is defined as the occurrence of septic thrombi in the pulmonary circulation. We report a case of SPE secondary to epididymitis.

Case Presentation: A 74-year-old male with a history of diabetes mellitus experienced SPE secondary to epididymitis, with isolation of in blood and presence of lung nodules, with a chest computed tomography showing the halo and reversed halo signs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5395090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444252PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Pneumocephalus and Meningitis as Complications of Mastoiditis.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 19;2019:7876494. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Radiology, Galway University Hospitals, Galway, Ireland.

Pneumocephalus in the absence of trauma, tumour, or surgery is a rare entity. We report a case of a 73-year-old lady who presented with sepsis leading to confusion and unresponsiveness. A CT of brain revealed mastoiditis, sinusitis, and associated pneumocephalus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7876494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399545PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

A Case of Progressive Ossifying Fibrodysplasia of Tracheobronchial Respiratory Muscles.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 11;2019:5095343. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Radiology Department of Bingerville University Hospital, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

The authors report a case of progressive ossifying myositis (POM) in a 13-year-old boy, revealed by dry cough and dyspnea. Conventional chest x-rays and whole-body CT showed extraskeletal ossification that seems to affect the left bronchial strain and trachea. This lesional topography, if established, not yet described to our knowledge, contrasts with the observations of all the authors, including Munchmeyer, for whom smooth muscles and muscles attached to the skeleton by a single end are spared by the heterotopic ossifications characteristic of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5095343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6388317PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

A Case Series of Breast Metastases from Different Extramammary Malignancies and Their Literature Review.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 8;2019:9454201. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Radiology and Imaging, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología INCan, Ciudad de México, Mexico.

Metastasis to the breast from all other primary sites is unusual. Twelve patients were diagnosed between 2007 and 2017 at National Cancer Institute, Mexico. Solitary or multiple masses, round or oval, and hypoechoic and solid lesions with posterior acoustic shadowing were patterns commonly reported in these patients; other arrangements include diffuse involvement of the breast simulating an inflammatory carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9454201DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341250PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The Diagnostic Challenge of an Infrequent Spectrum of Infection.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 2;2019:5970648. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

MD, Radiologist, Department of Radiology of the Medical School of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Cryptococcal infection results from inhalation of fungal spores and usually is confined to the lungs, but may disseminate systemically. Radiologically, cryptococcal infection has multiple forms of presentation. The diagnosis is usually based on fungal isolation from cultured clinical specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5970648DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334315PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Primary Rosai-Dorfman Disease of Bone: A Report of Two Cases.

Case Rep Radiol 2019 3;2019:1720131. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), sometimes known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a rare histiocytic disorder that most commonly presents as painless, massive cervical lymphadenopathy in young adults. Extranodal disease can occur in up to 40% of patients but primary involvement of bone is rare. We present two cases of primary RDD of bone: one case of multifocal osseous RDD presenting as a painful lesion in the elbow, and one case of a solitary osseous lesion presenting as a painful lesion in the wrist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1720131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335665PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Contribution of Imaging in the Diagnosis of Cholangiocarcinoma in Choledochal Cyst.

Case Rep Radiol 2018 12;2018:8346232. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre Hospitalier de Dunkerque, France.

The choledochal cyst is a rare congenital malformation of the bile ducts. It is considered as a precancerous state. The incidence of cancer in choledochal cyst increases with age and occurs around 32 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8346232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311296PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Tuberculosis (TB) of the Porta Hepatis Presenting with Obstructive Jaundice Mimicking a Malignant Biliary Tumor: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Radiol 2018 5;2018:5318197. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology, The Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman.

Localized hepatobiliary tuberculosis (TB) is a rare disorder which can present with an obstructive jaundice mimicking other noninfectious causes such as cholangiocarcinoma. Here, we report a case of porta hepatis tuberculosis in 19-year-old female who presented with an obstructive jaundice, and her computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a hepatic hilar mass with radiological features mimicking a malignant biliary tumor. We also review the literature related to this disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5318197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304509PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Trans Arterial Embolization of Spontaneous Intra-Abdominal Haemorrhage from Omental Lipoma.

Case Rep Radiol 2018 19;2018:2926143. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Radiology, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK.

We describe 3 cases of omental lipoma of whom 2 presented with symptomatic haemorrhage. Notably the haemorrhage in the 2 reported cases was from foregut arteries. Thorough knowledge of anatomy and embryology is critical in identifying the source of haemorrhage and differentiating this condition from other common causes of mesenteric haemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2926143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276472PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Cerebral Phosphorus Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in a Patient with Giant Cell Arteritis and Endovascular Therapy.

Case Rep Radiol 2018 28;2018:7806395. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Neuroradiology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Anichstraße 35, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

With phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) energy metabolites can be visualised. In this case study, we report on a patient with stenosis and wall contrast enhancement in the left internal carotid and the right vertebral artery, due to giant cell arteritis. 31P MRS revealed a decreased inorganic phosphate-to-phosphocreatine ratio (Pi/PCr) in regions with a prolonged mean transit time (MTT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7806395DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230418PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Unilateral Thalamic Venous Infarction in an Infant: A Rare Presentation of Bilateral Deep Cerebral Venous Thrombosis.

Case Rep Radiol 2018 24;2018:3618619. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Radiology, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville PA 17821, USA.

Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) may manifest as superficial cerebral venous thrombosis (SCVT) or deep cerebral venous thrombosis (DCVT). Of the two patterns, DCVT is less commonly observed, although it often results in greater morbidity and mortality due to involvement of the deep gray nuclei. It can present at any age and typically results in edema of the bilateral thalami, with occasional extension into the basal ganglia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3618619DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220396PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Retroodontoid Pseudotumor Related to Development of Myelopathy Secondary to Atlantoaxial Instability on Os Odontoideum.

Case Rep Radiol 2018 30;2018:1658129. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Department of Imaging and Medical Information Sciences, Division of Radiology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

Retroodontoid pseudotumor (ROP) is a nonneoplasic lesion of unknown etiology, commonly associated with inflammatory conditions, and the term of pannus is usually used. Less frequently, ROP formation can develop with other noninflammatory entities, with atlantoaxial instability as most accepted pathophysiological mechanism for posttraumatic or degenerative ROP. As it can clinically and radiologically mimic a malignant tumor, it is paramount for the radiologist to know this entity. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crira/2018/1658129/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1658129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6186371PMC
September 2018
19 Reads