286 results match your criteria Case reports in pulmonology[Journal]


Review of Cases of E-Cigarette or Vaping Product Use-Associated Lung Injury (EVALI) and Brief Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 14;2020:1090629. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

Creighton University School of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Omaha, USA.

Since the appearance of the E-Cigarette in the early 2000s, its industry, popularity, and prevalence have risen dramatically. In the past, E-Cigarette use with the vaping of nicotine or cannabis products had been associated with a few reported cases of lung injury. However, in 2019, thousands of cases of E-Cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) were reported in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1090629DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313101PMC

A Rare Cause of Cough: Tracheobronchial Myxoid Spindle Cell Lipoma.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 30;2020:9727281. Epub 2020 May 30.

Integrated Sleep Care, Miramar, FL, USA.

Background: Endobronchial lipomas are a particularly rare form of benign lung neoplasms, with an incidence of 0.1-0.4%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9727281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277026PMC

E-Cigarette- and Vaping-Related Lung Injury (EVALI) at a Regional Hospital System in South Carolina.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 17;2020:5370606. Epub 2020 May 17.

University of South Carolina School of Medicine-Greenville/Prisma Health-Upstate, 701 Grove Rd., Greenville, SC 29605, USA.

We report on four cases of severe lung injury and respiratory failure attributed to E-cigarette use that presented between July and August, 2019. The patients described were relatively healthy without clinically significant history of lung disease. Each developed severe acute respiratory distress shortly following E-cigarette use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5370606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251434PMC

Acute Airway Obstruction and Cardiopulmonary Arrest due to Tracheomalacia Caused by Megaesophagus Compression Secondary to Achalasia.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 9;2020:5946985. Epub 2020 May 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, Amiens University Hospital, France.

We report the case of an 80-year-old woman who presented one episode of cardiopulmonary arrest and two episodes of acute airway obstruction. We found in this patient the presence of tracheomalacia caused by megaesophagus compression secondary to achalasia probably responsible for episodes of acute airway obstruction and cardiopulmonary arrest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5946985DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232722PMC

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy of an Adolescent Stem Cell Transplantation Recipient with Hemorrhagic Cystitis and BK Virus.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 13;2020:3465412. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Cardiopulmonary Sciences, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, California, USA.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) continues to show effectiveness in the treatment of several diseases and benefits such as fibroblast proliferation, capillary angiogenesis, and decreasing edema, especially in hemorrhagic cystitis (HC). We report a case of a 15-year-old male with chronic myelogenous leukemia status posthaploidentical stem cell transport with BK virus in the United States to be treated by HBOT. The patient received a total of 30 HBOT treatments for 90 minutes at 2 ATA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3465412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243008PMC

Massive Pulmonary Hemorrhage from Bronchial Varix.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 4;2020:9175785. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Guam Regional Medical City Intensive Care Unit, 133 Route 3, 96929 Dededo, Guam, USA.

Bronchial varix is a rare pulmonary disorder which may lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. Diagnosis is difficult because of the subtle abnormalities on radiographic and bronchoscopic examination. We present a case of massive hemoptysis from a bleeding bronchial varix. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9175785DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7160734PMC

Vaping-Induced Lung Injury: A Case of Lipoid Pneumonia Associated with E-Cigarettes Containing Cannabis.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 3;2020:7151834. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Division of Academic Affairs and Research, Orlando Regional Healthcare, Orlando, USA.

Electronic cigarette, or vaping product use-associated lung injury (EVALI), is a group of lung disorders associated with vaping and e-cigarette products that has previously been categorized as a diagnosis of exclusion and best described as an exogenous lipoid pneumonia or chemical pneumonitis. Here, we describe the onset of an exogenous cause of lipoid pneumonia in an otherwise healthy patient using cannabis-containing electronic cigarettes. We explore similarities in the clinical case, define a common clinical presentation with progression of disease, characteristic radiographic findings along with pathological diagnosis and management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7151834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7157807PMC

Cavitary Pneumonia: A Complication of Antibiotic Noncompliance.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 16;2020:5971348. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Division of Pulmonology and Sleep Medicine, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, FL, USA.

In this report, we present a complicated case of community-acquired pneumonia in a 5-year-old boy. The patient first presented to the pulmonology clinic with the diagnosis of asthma and a recent history of recurrent pneumonia. Poor compliance to two courses of outpatient oral antibiotics resulted in persistent pneumonia symptoms with unresolved radiographic findings warranting parenteral antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5971348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7102419PMC

One Lung Soldier: A Ventilation Conundrum in a Postpneumonectomy Syndrome Complicated by Acute Respiratory Syndrome.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 11;2020:5476794. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Pulmonary Critical Care, Overlook Medical Center, Summit, NJ 07901, USA.

Postpneumonectomy syndrome involves mediastinal shift causing dynamic airway obstruction via compression of the main bronchus and distal trachea. A few case reports describe the development of ARDS in patients with postpneumonectomy syndrome. Reeb et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5476794DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7086437PMC

Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum and Diffuse Subcutaneous Emphysema after Methamphetamine Inhalation.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 7;2020:7538748. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Guam Regional Medical City, 133 Route 3, Dededo, Guam, USA 96929.

Methamphetamines are commonly abused drugs for their stimulant and euphoric effects. Inhaled and intravenous use may cause damage to the respiratory system. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is a condition where changes in intrathoracic pressure leads to alveolar rupture and dissection of air along the tracheobronchial tree. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7538748DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7081024PMC

Assessment of Bronchiectasis in HIV Patients among an Urban Population.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 27;2020:8903809. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, USA.

Bronchiectasis is characterized by permanent destruction of the airways that presents with productive cough, as well as bronchial wall thickening and luminal dilatation on computed tomographic (CT) scan of the chest; it is associated with high mortality. Accumulating data suggests higher rates of bronchiectasis among the HIV-positive population. This case series involves 14 patients with bronchiectasis and HIV followed at two major urban institutions from 1999 to 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8903809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7063221PMC
February 2020

Successful Use of Hyperbaric Oxygen as Adjunctive Therapy for a Nonhealing Venous Ulcer in a Patient with Systemic Sclerosis and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 24;2020:4750375. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, TN, USA.

Skin ulcers are a common complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc) that can significantly impact the quality of life. There have been recent reports on the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in the management of nonhealing systemic sclerosis skin ulcers. The effect of HBOT on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), another common and potentially life-threatening complication of SSc, is unclear with literature on the subject lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4750375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7060445PMC
February 2020

Spontaneous Chylothorax following Septic Pulmonary Embolization.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 21;2020:3979507. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Guam Regional Medical City, 133 Route 3, Dededo Guam, USA 96929.

Chylothorax is the occurrence of chyle (lymph) in the pleural cavity secondary to damage of the thoracic duct. It is a rare form of pleural effusion which appears as a milky white turbid fluid. Malignancy is the leading cause of nontraumatic chylothorax while inadvertent surgical injury to the thoracic duct is the major cause of traumatic chylothorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3979507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7057015PMC
February 2020

A Case Series of Vaping-Induced Lung Injury in a Community Hospital Setting.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 31;2020:9631916. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Corpus Christi Medical Center, Texas, USA.

Acute and subacute injury to the lung parenchyma can be caused by multiple products. Over the past few years, vaping (also known as E-cigarettes) has become a popular trend and has been considered "safer" alternative to smoking cigarettes, especially among young adults. The use of E-cigarettes has rapidly increased, and according to the most recent report by CDC released at the end of December 2019, 2,506 cases and more than 54 associated deaths due to vaping/E-cigarette-associated lung injury were reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9631916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7013298PMC
January 2020

Pulmonary Hyalinizing Granuloma Mimicking Primary Lung Cancer: An Unusual Case Involving a Pulmonary Tumor.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 21;2020:3268608. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Chest Surgery, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki 216-8511, Japan.

Pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma is a very rare benign condition. This study describes a case involving pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma in a 76-year-old man who presented with a solitary pulmonary nodule, determined through chest radiography and computed tomography, that mimicked primary lung cancer. To establish a definitive diagnosis, tumor resection was performed with histopathological analysis indicating pulmonary hyalinizing granuloma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3268608DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6995493PMC
January 2020

Goiter in a Patient with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Treated with Epoprostenol.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 23;2020:1617253. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Pulmonary-Critical Care Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Weill Cornell College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

A 35-year-old female with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who presented with complaints of progressively worsening dysphagia, facial swelling, and shortness of breath, was found to have a large goiter. In patients treated with epoprostenol for long periods of time, thyroid disease is common. Most cases of thyroid disease describe thyrotoxicosis and hyperthyroid statues, but our case was a patient on long term IV epoprostenol presenting with a superior vena cava-syndrome (SVC) like appearance and airway compromise found to have a goiter incidentally during workup. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1617253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6998745PMC
January 2020

Vaping Is Not Safe: A Case of Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia following Cannabis Vapor Inhalation.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 27;2020:9496564. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Medicine, University of Nevada Reno School of Medicine, Reno, NV, USA.

There is a well-established association between inhalational exposures and acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP). The most reported exposure is cigarette smoking. Here, we present a case of progressive shortness of breath and nonproductive cough in a college student with no significant medical history, approximately 10 days after inhaling cannabis aerosols on two separate occasions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9496564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007742PMC
January 2020

Spontaneous Hemopneumothorax: A Rare Cause of Unexplained Hemodynamic Instability in a Young Patient.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 23;2020:5026759. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hospital de Messejana Dr. Carlos Alberto Studart Gomes, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Spontaneous hemopneumothorax is a rare and potentially life-threatening disorder which complicates about 1-12% of patients presenting with spontaneous pneumothorax and has a remarkable predilection for male patients. It may present with signs of hypovolemic shock without apparent cause. While there are no specific guidelines for the management of patients diagnosed with such condition, wide debate in the literature relating to patient selection for surgery remains unresolved, and recently there seems to be a trend increasingly favorable towards early surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5026759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7003253PMC
January 2020

Follicular Bronchiolitis: Two Cases with Varying Clinical and Radiological Presentation.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 25;2020:4564587. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ 07112, USA.

Follicular bronchiolitis (FB) is a rare bronchiolar disorder associated with hyperplasia of the bronchial-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT). It is characterized by the development of lymphoid follicles with germinal centers in the walls of small airways. It falls under the category of lymphoproliferative pulmonary diseases (LPDs) and commonly occurs in relation to connective tissue disease, immunodeficiency, infections, interstitial lung disease (ILD), and inflammatory airway diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4564587DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7007759PMC
January 2020

Isolated Pauci-Immune Pulmonary Capillaritis Associated with Hydrocarbon Inhalation and Marijuana Smoking: An Unusual Case of Severe Hypoxemia.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 19;2020:1264859. Epub 2020 Jan 19.

Department of Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine and Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

We present a case report of a patient with Isolated pauci-immune pulmonary capillaritis (IPIPC). A 40-year-old male presented with acute onset severe hypoxemic respiratory failure. He had just returned home from work as a cabinetmaker, where he experienced inhalational exposure to hydrocarbons and solvents, and had smoked a marijuana cigarette. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1264859DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6994211PMC
January 2020

A Case of Vaping TCH Oil Leading to Vaping Associated Pulmonary Injury: Our Approach to Its Diagnosis, Management, and Recommendations.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 4;2020:6138083. Epub 2020 Jan 4.

NCH Healthcare System, Naples, FL 34102, USA.

Vaping's popularity has grown exponentially since its introduction to the US market in 2003. Its use has sky-rocketed since the unveiling of the vaping pods in 2017 which may account for the advent of the vaping related illnesses we are now seeing. Substances such as nicotine solution, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) oil, cannabidiol (CBD) oil, and butane hash oil (BHC) packaged in cartridges available in various flavors and concentrations are aerosolized by the heating of metal coils in the e-cigarette/vaping devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6138083DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6968930PMC
January 2020

Successful Treatment for Hypercalcemia due to Cosecretion of Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 3;2020:2475725. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Sano Kosei General Hospital, Sano, Tochigi, Japan.

Hypercalcemia of malignancy frequently manifests as paraneoplastic syndrome in patients with solid tumors. A 71-year-old man was diagnosed with stage IIIB lung squamous cell carcinoma. Laboratory examination revealed high serum calcium concentration with elevated serum parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2475725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6961606PMC
January 2020

Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia with a Rare Radiographic Presentation of a Diffuse Micronodular Pattern Mimicking Miliary Lung Infiltration: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2020 3;2020:2094625. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

The Queen's Medical Center, Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA.

We reported a case of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) presenting with an unusual diffuse micronodular pattern (DMP) mimicking miliary lung infiltration. The patient is a 66-year-old man with a past medical history of diabetes mellitus type 2 and hyperlipidemia who presented with progressive dyspnea associated with significant weight loss and night sweats for 2 weeks. Upon admission, the patient's clinical condition rapidly progressed to respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2094625DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6961601PMC
January 2020

Cicatricial Organizing Pneumonia with Dendriform Pulmonary Ossification: An Unusual Cause for a Recurrent Pneumothorax.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 9;2019:2379145. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Section of Thoracic Imaging, Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Cicatricial organizing pneumonia is an uncommon form of organizing pneumonia, which may manifest as persisting linear opacities on computerized tomography (CT) scan mimicking a fibrosing interstitial pneumonia. It may also manifest with pulmonary ossification, which is a metaplastic bone formation within the lung tissue. The latter presentation could be either nodular or dendriform, both secondary to underlying lung disease and rarely idiopathic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2379145DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6942723PMC
December 2019

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Associated with Red-Vented Bulbul: A New Encounter of Bird Related Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 9;2019:9572790. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Central Chest Clinic, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Bird related hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is becoming more common than other forms of HP around the world. We present two cases of HP, associated with exposure to visiting birds which had nested within their homes in semi urban areas of Colombo, Sri Lanka. A 65-year-old female (case 1) and a 61-year-old male (case 2) presented to the chest clinic complaining of gradually progressive and persistent chronic dry cough and dyspnoea during the year 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9572790DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6925933PMC
December 2019

A Case of Isolated Primary Pleural Neurofibroma in a 39-Year-Old Woman.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 24;2019:6458302. Epub 2019 Nov 24.

AM Rywlin Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Mount Sinai Medical Centre, Miami Beach, FL, USA.

Primary benign neurogenic neoplasms of the pleura are exceedingly rare. Neurofibromas rarely involve the pleura. A review of the literarture reveals only a single reported case of isolated pleural neurofibroma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6458302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6906869PMC
November 2019

Solitary Pulmonary Nodule: A Diagnostic Dilemma.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 21;2019:5242634. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Pulmonary & Critical Care, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, USA.

This case describes a woman with a history of tobacco abuse who presented with a dry cough and was found to have an enlarging, 4 cm right upper lobe nodule without lymphadenopathy on CT imaging of the chest. Initial biopsies of the nodule suggested follicular lymphoma, but after obtaining more tissue, the pathology was negative for malignancy and instead showed necrotizing pneumonia. She proceeded to have negative infectious serology and cultures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5242634DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6906797PMC
November 2019

Simultaneous Association of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Kaposi's Sarcoma in an Immunocompetent Subject: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 27;2019:5453031. Epub 2019 Oct 27.

Pulmonology Department, Moulay Youssef Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Med V University, CHU, Rabat, Morocco.

Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS) occurs as a pathological entity that may be classified into four different types: classic, endemic, epidemic, and iatrogenic. It can arise among HIV-positive subjects or within immunosuppression, yet exceptionally of tuberculous origin. We describe a new case report of an HIV-negative patient, manifesting Kaposi's disease in the course of tuberculosis, with the aim to assess this uncommon disorder and to outline this rare atypical association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5453031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6855045PMC
October 2019

A Rare Case of Bronchial Anthracofibrosis with Pleural Anthracosis Presented as Recurrent Pleural Effusion.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 28;2019:2982763. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Director & Professor, Department of TB and Respiratory Diseases, National Institute of TB and Respiratory Diseases, New Delhi, India.

A fifty-eight-year-old, nonsmoker Indian male presented with recurrent left pleural effusion. He had history of dry cough, exertional breathlessness for the last two years. He denied any occupational exposure or second hand smoke exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2982763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6735217PMC
August 2019
4 Reads

Severe and Fatal Multilobar Nonclassic Radiation Pneumonitis following Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) for Treatment of Inoperable Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Report of Two Cases and Possible Enhancement by Concurrent Amiodarone.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 4;2019:8754951. Epub 2019 Aug 4.

Carl Kirkland Cancer Center, 620 W. Forest Ave., Jackson, TN 38301, USA.

Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is considered the standard of care for treatment of inoperable early stage non-small cell carcinoma of the lung. SBRT delivers a very high dose of ionizing radiation to a relatively small region encompassing the tumor and spares a significant portion of the remaining lung from high doses. However, the conformal high dose comes at the expense of treating a larger volume of normal lung to lower doses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8754951DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6699306PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Chylothorax and Chylopericardium: A Complication of Long-Term Central Venous Catheter Use.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 11;2019:4908259. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, TN, USA.

The development of chylothorax and chylopericardium is an uncommon complication of the long-term use of central venous catheters. We describe a unique case of an end stage renal disease patient on hemodialysis with a left jugular tunneled catheter who developed superior vena cava syndrome. Our patient presented with both a large pleural and pericardial effusion that despite drainage continued to reaccumulate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4908259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6657625PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

A Rare Case of Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis due to Florida Red Tide.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 14;2019:1934695. Epub 2019 Jul 14.

Department of Radiology, University of Florida, 1600 SW Archer Rd, P.O. Box 100374, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Florida red tides occur annually due to proliferation of the marine dinoflagellate , which produces neurotoxins known as brevotoxins. Inhalational exposure to brevotoxins usually results in upper airway symptoms only. Rarely does exposure lead to lower respiratory tract symptoms as in our case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1934695DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6662442PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

An Unusual Cause of Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum: The Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 8;2019:5359309. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Moulay Youssef Hospital, Pulmonary Unit, University Mohammed V of Rabat, Morocco.

Mounier-Kuhn syndrome is a rare clinical and radiologic condition. It is characterized by tracheal and bronchial dilation. Diagnosis is made by computed tomography and bronchoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5359309DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6644234PMC
July 2019
2 Reads

Bilateral Chylothorax as a Unique Presentation of Pancreaticobiliary or Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 2;2019:9387021. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, TX, USA.

Chylothorax presents as exudate with lymphocytic predominance and high triglyceride-low LDH levels, usually due to a traumatic disruption of the thoracic duct, possibly iatrogenic. Other causes include malignancy, sarcoidosis, goiter, AIDS, or tuberculosis. Here we present a case of a 66-year-old male who came in with cough and shortness of breath for few weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9387021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6633922PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

Case Report: Kryptonite-A Rare Case of Left-Sided Bilothorax in a Sickle Cell Patient.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 18;2019:8658343. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Department of Gastroenterology, Saint Michael's Medical Center, Newark, NJ, USA.

Bilothorax is a rare cause of an exudative pleural effusion. The diagnosis is confirmed by a pleural fluid to serum bilirubin ratio of greater than 1. Typically, bilothorax presents as a right-sided effusion due to its proximity to the liver and biliary system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8658343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6604467PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

A Case of Acute Life-Threatening Pulmonary Hemorrhage from Synthetic Cannabinoid Abuse.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 20;2019:8137648. Epub 2019 May 20.

Department of Medicine, Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, New Jersey, USA.

We report a case of alveolar hemorrhage secondary to inhalation of synthetic cannabinoid. The patient developed hemoptysis and respiratory failure 48 hours after the episode. Alveolar hemorrhage from synthetic cannabinoid use is a rare entity that has been reported only thrice previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8137648DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6545788PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Large Spontaneous Right Catamenial Pneumothorax with Diaphragmatic Defect and Liver Herniation.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 27;2019:8436450. Epub 2019 May 27.

Pulmonary Critical Care, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Baton Rouge Campus, Louisiana, USA.

Catamenial pneumothorax is a spontaneous pneumothorax that occurs predominantly women of child bearing age. We describe a case of a 40-year-old nulliparous woman with medical history significant for endometriosis who presented with severe chest tightness of one-day duration. Chest radiography (CXR) showed a large right spontaneous pneumothorax, what was thought to be a 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8436450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6556798PMC
May 2019
4 Reads

Saddle Pulmonary Embolus Caught in Transit across a Patent Foramen Ovale.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 2;2019:5747598. Epub 2019 May 2.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.

Impending paradoxical embolism (IPE) also described in the literature as thrombus straddling a patent foramen ovale (PFO) or paradoxical embolus in transit is a rare condition when thrombus (originating mostly in deep veins of lower extremities) embolized to the heart gets caught in PFO or in atrial septal defect without systemic embolization. We present a case of a 39-year-old female on oral contraceptive pills who presented to the emergency department with chief complaint of dyspnea and chest pain. She was found to have saddle pulmonary embolus (PE) extending through PFO to left atrium and into the left ventricle. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripu/2019/5747598/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5747598DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521405PMC
May 2019
22 Reads

Osseous Sarcoma: Is Sarcoma the New Emperor of Maladies? Case-Series with Brief Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 2;2019:5602827. Epub 2019 May 2.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, New York 10305, USA.

Sarcoidosis is multisystem disease that has been amusing physicians since its discovery in 1989 by Caesar Boeck. More than 10,000 articles have been published in the literature by far, and each time it affects a new organ. Involvement of bone has been recently discovered and because it is still a rare entity, it is important to focus on the presenting systems and also to be able to differentiate it from other closely related diseases including but not limited to tumor and other infectious processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5602827DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6521550PMC
May 2019
8 Reads

Primary Pulmonary Malignant Melanoma Found While Evaluating New Onset Cough: A Case Presentation and Literature Review.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 10;2019:3867831. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, Beaumont Health, Royal Oak, MI, USA.

Malignant melanoma is a nonepithelial neoplasm of melanocytes. It is tremendously rare for this condition to primarily involve the respiratory tract, accounting only for 0.01% of the lung malignancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3867831DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6481098PMC
April 2019
13 Reads

Rare Primary Pulmonary Marginal Zone Lymphoma Presenting with Incidental Pulmonary Nodules.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 20;2019:7031868. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Southern Illinois University, Springfield, IL, USA.

Pulmonary malignancies carry a significant morbidity and mortality and are one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Primary pulmonary lymphoma is a rare malignancy which should be considered in the differential of solitary pulmonary nodule or lung mass especially in a low-risk patient presenting with constitutional symptoms. Here, we describe a case of an elderly male who presented to our clinic with incidental pulmonary nodules and subsequent workup revealed low grade B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma consistent with diagnosis of primary pulmonary marginal zone lymphoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7031868DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446123PMC
March 2019
18 Reads

Pneumonia in an Immunocompetent Japanese Man: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 7;2019:3981681. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Pathology, Iizuka Hospital, Japan.

We herein report the case of a 37-year-old immunocompetent man who died from pneumonia (PCP). He was initially treated for an acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia; however, the elevation of the patient's serum (1-3) -D glucan (BG) level suggested the possibility of PCP and sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim was added. A postmortem pathological examination and retrospective Grocott's methenamine silver (GMS) staining of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), which was obtained on the day of admission, revealed PCP. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripu/2019/3981681/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3981681DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431524PMC
March 2019
23 Reads

A Woman with Asthma and Peripheral Ground-Glass Opacities.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 12;2019:9051381. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Section of pulmonary, Lincoln Medical Center, NY, USA.

Eosinophilic lung disease is a heterogeneous group of disorders that reveal eosinophil involved lung tissue often in patients with asthma or atopy. Classification and diagnostic criteria of eosinophilic lung disease are not well-established; however, peripheral ground-glass opacity is typical on chest computed tomography. Another etiology of this same radiographic finding reported in the literature is silicone embolism syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9051381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390235PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Uniportal Subcostal Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery: A Feasible Approach for a Challenging Middle Lobectomy in an Obese Patient.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 7;2019:5906295. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

Subcostal access is a novel approach for anatomical lung resection. To perform surgery via this access, specially designed long instruments are required. Subcostal access provides excellent visualization of the mediastinum and anterior lung hilum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5906295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383419PMC
February 2019

Simultaneous Bilateral Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 27;2019:6583842. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, The Queen's Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA.

Background: Simultaneous bilateral primary spontaneous pneumothorax (SBPSP) is an extremely rare and potentially fatal condition. Patients usually have no relevant medical conditions. Some cases, however, may have certain risk factors such as smoking, being young, and male gender. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6583842DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369490PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis in a Patient with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Rapidly Progressing Peribronchovascular Pulmonary Infiltrates.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2019 21;2019:9870494. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Wayne State University School of Medicine, Lymphoma Research Laboratory, 540 E Canfield Room No. 8829, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.

Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG) is an EBV-associated angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disease with multiorgan involvement that predominantly affects the lungs. We present a case of a 72-year-old man with a history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia who presented with upper respiratory symptoms and multiple erythematous skin papules. Chest CT showed ill-defined, irregular solid pulmonary nodules with peripheral ground-glass opacities in a peribronchovascular distribution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9870494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363242PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Right Upper Lobe Torsion after Right Lower Lobectomy: A Rare and Potentially Life-Threatening Complication.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2018 23;2018:2146458. Epub 2018 Dec 23.

Department of Surgery, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Nishishinbashi 3-19-18, Minatoku, Tokyo 105-8471, Japan.

An 84-year-old woman was referred to our institution with suspected right lung cancer. Subsequently, she underwent thoracoscopic right lower lobectomy without mediastinal lymph node dissection. Postoperatively, she complained of dyspnea and developed arterial oxygen desaturation after 12 h and acute respiratory failure (ARF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2146458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323478PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Massive Spontaneous Hemothorax as a Complication of Apixaban Treatment.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2018 16;2018:8735036. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center, USA.

Introduction: Hemothorax is usually related to chest or iatrogenic trauma from procedures such as central lines and thoracentesis. Spontaneous hemothorax is defined as pleural fluid hematocrit greater than 50% of serum hematocrit in absence of natural or iatrogenic trauma affecting the lung or pleural space. Coagulopathy secondary to anticoagulant use has been associated with spontaneous hemothorax. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripu/2018/8735036/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8735036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206516PMC
October 2018
37 Reads

Plastic Bronchitis in an AIDS Patient with Pulmonary Kaposi Sarcoma.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2018 27;2018:9736516. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, UTH-SA, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA.

Plastic bronchitis is the expectoration of bronchial casts in the mold of the tracheobronchial tree. It is a rare occurrence of unknown etiology that has been primarily described in children with congenital heart disease. In this case report, we present the first reported case of plastic bronchitis in a patient with pulmonary Kaposi sarcoma and underlying HIV infection. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripu/2018/9736516/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9736516DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180928PMC
September 2018
36 Reads

Endobronchial Watanabe Spigots for Treatment of Pyopneumothorax due to Nontuberculous Mycobacteriosis in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Case Report Based on Past Experience.

Case Rep Pulmonol 2018 26;2018:6738435. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan.

Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease sometimes causes pneumothorax and empyema, which are often intractable because of patients' background factors. Biological products used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis have caused the problem of an increase in infection rates as a side effect, one of which is nontuberculous mycobacteriosis (NTM). On the basis of past experience, we report the case of a patient who had a history of undergoing treatment with biological products against rheumatoid arthritis. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cripu/2018/6738435/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6738435DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178167PMC
September 2018
39 Reads