799 results match your criteria Case reports in ophthalmology[Journal]


A Case of Recurrent Chalazia Associated with Subclinical Hypothyroidism.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):212-216. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical Science, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Paramaribo, Suriname.

Chalazia are chronic inflammatory disorders of the Meibomian glands of the eyelids that can present at any age. Although the exact cause is still obscure, they are often associated with retention of lipids in these sebaceous glands, infections, or disturbances in the balance of sex hormones. The complications of the disease may vary from little discomfort to reduced vision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508603DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315195PMC

Visual Snow: A Case Series from Israel.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):205-211. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel.

Our aim was to examine the symptoms and clinical characteristics of visual snow in a group of 6 patients from a Department of Ophthalmology and a Department of Neurology. Visual snow is now recognized as a true physiological disorder. Previously, physicians unaware of this syndrome may have misinterpreted its symptoms as a persistent visual aura. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315196PMC

A Conservative Surgical Approach to the Treatment of Optic Disc Pit Maculopathy: Four Case Reports.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):196-204. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ospedale dell'Angelo, ULSS3 Serenissima, Venice, Italy.

The purpose of this report is to present the outcomes of surgical interventions in 4 patients with maculopathy associated with optic disc pit (ODP). We report 4 cases of patients affected by ODP maculopathy and treated by core vitrectomy with induction of posterior vitreous detachment and peeling of the internal limiting membrane restricted to the interpapillary macular zone without laser treatment and gas tamponade. The patients had rapid resolution of the multilayer inner retinoschisis-like separation and progressive slow reabsorption of the macular intraretinal and subretinal fluid up to complete retinal reattachment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507880DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315137PMC

Hemoglobin S/O: Retinal Manifestations of a Rare Hemoglobinopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):189-195. Epub 2020 May 27.

Harvey and Bernice Jones Eye Institute, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.

Hemoglobin S/OArab (Hgb S/OArab) disease is a rare hemoglobinopathy which presents similarly to sickle cell retinopathy, with only three prior reports that describe associated retinal findings. In this report, we present ophthalmic examination findings in 2 patients with Hgb S/OArab. One patient exhibited peripheral ischemia and sunburst lesions without neovascular disease, and the other patient developed proliferative retinopathy of both eyes and multiple posterior-pole branch retinal artery occlusions in one eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315179PMC

Autologous Corneal Transplant from an Enucleated Fellow Eye for Choroidal Melanoma: A Case Report.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):181-188. Epub 2020 May 14.

Diagnostic Ophthalmology Center, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: To report a case of autologous corneal transplant in a patient with corneal leukoma and choroidal melanoma in the fellow eye.

Case Presentation: A 56-year-old woman was complaining about decrease in vision in her left eye. The patient was on the waiting list for a corneal transplant on her right eye due to corneal leucoma after a previous herpes infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507776DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265731PMC

Spontaneous Cataractous Lens Extrusion in a Patient with Corneal Melting.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):177-180. Epub 2020 May 8.

Alsaggaf Eye Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The aim of this report is to describe an unusual case of cataractous lens extrusion through a diseased cornea in the absence of any history of trauma or surgery.

Patient And Methods: An elderly female with a history of blepharitis, corneal vascularization, and scarring presented with foreign body sensation, mild ocular pain, and a brunescent cataractous lens extruding through an area of corneal melt of the right eye after being lost to follow-up. The patient was operated urgently and then referred to a specialized eye hospital for further management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507476DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250383PMC

Re-Enclavation of a Dislocated Retropupillary Fixated Iris Claw Lens: A Case Report.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):174-176. Epub 2020 May 6.

Vienna Institute for Research in Ocular Surgery, A Karl Landsteiner Institute, Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria.

A male patient, 63 years of age, presented with dislocation of a retropupillary fixated iris claw lens due to nasal haptic disenclavation. During re-enclavation the intraocular lens dislocated again. To avoid further dislocation, both superior fingers of the haptics were pushed through the iris tissue to achieve more stable support of the haptic ends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507607DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252200PMC

Unusual Case of Indolent Choroidal Alterations Mimicking Neurofibromatosis Type 1.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):167-173. Epub 2020 May 6.

Ophthalmology Unit, Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs (NESMOS) Department, Sapienza University of Rome, St. Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Indolent, non-progressive choroidal alterations can be strongly suggestive of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) but are also rarely of unknown aetiology. A 63-year-old man presented for a routine examination. Comprehensive ophthalmological examination and retinal imaging was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507428DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250382PMC

Retinal Vasculitis Secondary to Durvalumab.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):161-166. Epub 2020 May 5.

Ophthalmology Department, Vall d'Hebron, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Ocular manifestations are very rarely reported as side effects to checkpoint inhibitors. We present a case of a 64-year-old Caucasian man in treatment with durvalumab for non-small-cell lung carcinoma who presented a retinal vasculitis with macular edema. After three boluses of methylprednisolone, the retinal vasculitis resolved and macular edema improved during follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250381PMC

Rifabutin-Cobicistat Drug Interaction Resulting in Severe Bilateral Panuveitis.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):156-160. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Shiley Eye Institute, Viterbi Family Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.

We report a novel case of severe bilateral panuveitis with hypopyon secondary to rifabutin and cobicistat drug interaction in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and latent tuberculosis (TB). A 63-year-old woman presented with bilateral conjunctival injection and decreasing vision of 5 days' duration. She had a history of well-controlled HIV infection, latent TB, and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis for which she was inadvertently being treated, due to a pharmacy error, concurrently with the anti-TB medicine rifabutin and the highly active antiretroviral therapy combination Genvoya® (elvitegravir 150 mg - cobicistat 150 mg - emtricitabine 200 mg - tenofovir alafenamide 10 mg). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506181DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204858PMC

Ocular Decompression Retinopathy with Macular Edema after Deep Sclerectomy with Intrascleral Implantation.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):151-155. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Badalona, Spain.

We report a case of ocular decompression retinopathy (ODR) with macular edema, diagnosed by optical coherence tomography, after a deep sclerectomy (DS) with an intrascleral implant, resolved with medical therapy 6 months later. The medical literature reports that in 14% of patients suffering from ODR, a pars plana vitrectomy was required, and 15% of patients had a poor final visual acuity. An otherwise healthy 75-year-old man with high myopia and a primary open-angle glaucoma, with previous intraocular pressure (IOP) of 24 mm Hg, underwent a DS with intrascleral implant without complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000507109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184795PMC

A Case of Pneumatic Displacement with Gas Tamponade Performed for Macular Subretinal Hemorrhage Complicating Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):143-150. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki-City, Japan.

We experienced a case of subretinal hemorrhage (SRH) from choroidal neovascularization (CNV) complicating Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) that underwent pneumatic displacement of hematoma by intravitreal gas injection. A 76-year-old male revealed VKH relapses and optical coherence tomography showed irregular retinal pigment epithelium in his right eye and serous retinal detachment and retinal pigment epithelial detachment in his left eye. Fluorescein angiography of the left eye showed hyperfluorescence possibly attributable to CNV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506436DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154246PMC

Retinal "Caratopathy": Diamond Dust Residuals after Surgeries.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):137-142. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Orange County Retina Group, Santa Ana, California, USA.

Diamond dust particles were identified within patients' eyes both during vitrectomy procedures using diamond-dusted membrane scrapers and in postoperative clinical examinations. The particles had no impact on the patients' vision and caused no apparent sequelae. Scanning electron microscopy analysis showed the average particle size to be 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506623DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154276PMC

Simultaneous Vitreoretinal Surgery and Penetrating Keratoplasty without a Keratoprosthesis or Endoscopy for Vitreoretinal Disease Associated with Corneal Opacity.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):127-136. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube City, Japan.

We evaluated the visual outcome of combined penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) and 25G pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) performed without a temporary keratoprosthesis or endoscopy in a patient with vitreoretinal disease complicated by severe corneal opacity. The patient was a 68-year-old woman who had severe corneal opacity and silicone oil in her left eye after several previous intraocular surgeries for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy. We successfully performed a combined surgery of conventional PKP followed by 25G PPV without the use of a keratoprosthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506589DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154262PMC

Identification of a Novel Missense Mutation in a Vietnamese Family with Meesmann Corneal Dystrophy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):120-126. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Meesmann epithelial corneal dystrophy (MECD) is a rare dominantly inherited disorder that is characterized by corneal epithelial microcysts and is associated with mutations in the keratin 3 and keratin 12 genes. In this study, we report a novel mutation in the gene in a Vietnamese pedigree with MECD. Slit-lamp examination was performed on each of the 7 recruited members of a Vietnamese family to identify characteristic features of MECD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506435DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154238PMC

A Case of Large Sarcoid Choroidal Granuloma Treated with Steroid Pulse Therapy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):112-119. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.

Purpose: To report a case of large sarcoid choroidal granuloma that was successfully treated with steroid pulse therapy.

Case Report: A 38-year-old man presented with the primary complaint of decreased visual acuity (VA) in his left eye. Upon examination, a large white protruding lesion of 10 × 8 papilla diameter in size was observed in the macular region, and slightly temporal to it, in the patient's left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506437DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154259PMC

A Rare Case of Palpebral Cellulitis, a Variation of Pott's Puffy Tumor.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):106-111. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Nippon Medical School Musashikosugi Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.

A rare case of palpebral cellulitis with simultaneous frontal sinusitis and osteomyelitis is reported. A healthy 45-year-old man presented with left upper eyelid swelling. He was given intravenous meropenem at the local hospital, but he failed to improve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154271PMC

Lacrimal Gland Amyloidosis in an Elderly Patient.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):100-105. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Localized amyloidosis of the lacrimal gland is a rare disease. We report a case of transthyretin-positive localized amyloidosis of the lacrimal gland in a 74-year-old man with left lacrimal gland swelling. Biopsy of the left lacrimal gland showed extensive deposition of nonstructural eosinophilic material in the secretory gland and ducts, which stained positive with direct fast scarlet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505480DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154250PMC

A Case of Giant Pituitary Adenoma Associated with a Postoperative Mental Disorder That Ultimately Resulted in Bilateral Blindness.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):92-99. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki-City, Japan.

Purpose: To report the case of a patient with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-producing pituitary adenoma who developed a mental disorder after initial surgery that kept him from undergoing scheduled follow-up visits and who ultimately had a giant recurrent tumor that resulted in blindness.

Case Report: A 37-year-old male presented with the primary complaint of decreased visual acuity (VA) in both eyes and visual field defects. Visual field examination revealed bitemporal hemianopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506392DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154240PMC

Challenging Management of Neovascular Glaucoma to Achieve the Best Visual Outcome.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):85-91. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia - Cipto Mangunkusumo Kirana Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Neovascular glaucoma (NVG) resulting from ischemic insults caused by various diseases, such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy and central vein occlusion, remains a challenging situation. This case report aims to describe the complex management of NVG, resulting from diabetic retinopathy, to achieve the best visual outcome. A 47-year-old male presented with poor visual acuity of both eyes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000506041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098362PMC
February 2020

Multiple Vitelliform Lesions as a Retinal Manifestation of Alport Syndrome.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):79-84. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Alport syndrome is associated with various ocular phenotypic features, including several retinal manifestations. The purpose of this case report was to describe a case of multiple vitelliform lesions in Alport syndrome. This particular finding has, to our knowledge, not been reported previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098359PMC
February 2020

Endophthalmitis Caused by following Intravitreal Aflibercept for Diabetic Retinopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):22-27. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, USA.

is a gram-negative bacillus rarely implicated in ocular disease. A 79-year-old male who performed extensive yardwork following intravitreal injection with aflibercept for diabetic macular edema developed endophthalmitis caused by on post-injection day 7. The patient was treated with vitreous tap and intravitreal injection of vancomycin and ceftazidime with clearance of the infection and restoration of his baseline visual acuity at 20/80. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098332PMC
January 2020

A Case of Tacrolimus-Induced Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome Initially Presenting as a Bilateral Optic Neuropathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Apr;10(1):140-144. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of asymmetric bilateral optic neuropathy in a patient receiving tacrolimus for immunosuppression after kidney transplantation with subsequent stroke-like symptoms of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES).

Method: Case report. In a 54-year-old Hispanic male receiving tacrolimus after orthotropic kidney transplantation, serial ophthalmologic examinations, laboratory studies, and imaging were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098333PMC

Posterior Scleritis in Familial Mediterranean Fever.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Apr;10(1):134-139. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Purpose: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a monogenic autoinflammatory disease presenting as sporadic paroxysmal attacks of fever and abdominal pain. The inflammation of serosal spaces, joints, and skin is caused by the production of an abnormal protein called pyrin. Ocular pathology is scarce in FMF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499600DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098358PMC

Keratitis in a Patient with Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Apr;10(1):127-133. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Purpose: To report a case of fungal keratitis infected by in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patient.

Method: A retrospective study of the HIV patient with keratomycosis caused by was reviewed for history, clinical characteristics, risk factors, laboratory findings, treatments, and outcomes.

Results: A 48-year-old man with HIV infection presented with a history of trauma with an unknown species of insect in the right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499688DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098327PMC

Temporary Filtering Bleb Failure Induced by Anterior Chamber Sulfur Hexafluoride Gas: A Complication after Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Apr;10(1):120-126. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Herein, we report two clinical cases with acute temporary filtering bleb obstruction by gas tamponade after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) surgery and postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) peaks. Both patients underwent uncomplicated DMEK surgery with 20% sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) anterior chamber tamponade and had previous trabeculectomy for glaucoma. Prior to surgery, both patients showed patent bleb function with low to normal IOP without antiglaucomatous medication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499376DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098348PMC

Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Gene Rearrangement Studies in the Diagnosis of a Paediatric Conjunctival Lesion.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Jan-Apr;10(1):116-119. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

St George Public Hospital, Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia.

We present a case whereby standard immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry studies for a conjunctival biopsy were unable to reliably differentiate between the two distinct pathological processes of benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia from conjunctival lymphoma. A tissue diagnosis was only able to be conclusively attained after the application of immunoglobulin heavy chain rearrangement studies to the specimen. This is unusual and to our knowledge has not been previously expressed in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499377DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098357PMC

Dexamethasone Implant Migration through an Iris Coloboma.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):73-78. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Ozurdex® 0.7 mg (dexamethasone 0.7 mg implant, Allergan, Dublin, Ireland), an intravitreal biodegradable implant, is indicated for cystoid macular edema due to various causes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505638DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7036532PMC
February 2020

Spontaneous Hyphema from Iris Microhemangiomatosis in an Elderly Patient with Hypertensive Crisis.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):68-72. Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Private Retina Office, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Iris microhemangiomatosis is a rare vascular iris tumor, with potential severe complications such as increased intraocular pressure (IOP). We aim to describe a case report of a patient presenting with hyphema secondary to iris microhemangiomatosis triggered by excessive high blood pressure.

Case Presentation: A 74-year-old woman was treated for hypertensive crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505963DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7036557PMC
February 2020

A Case of Repeating Transient Increase in Intraocular Pressure by Instability of an Intraocular Lens Implanted in the Capsular Bag.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):60-67. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

We observed repeated episodes of rapid increases in intraocular pressure (IOP) considered to be caused by an in-the-bag intraocular lens (IOL) instability in a patient with an implanted IOL. As acute glaucoma attack-like increase in IOP was noted in the left eye on November 8, she was admitted to Wakayama Medical University Hospital. The findings at the first examination included an IOP of 62 mm Hg, instability of a PMMA one-piece IOL, shallow anterior chamber, narrow angle, moderate mydriasis, and loss of pupillary light reaction in the left avitreous eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7036555PMC
January 2020

Long-Term Outcome of Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome Associated with Weak Zonules: A Case Report.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):54-59. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Clinic of Ophthalmology, P. Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia.

A cataract surgery in both eyes was scheduled for an 81-year-old female patient. However, ophthalmic examination revealed marked iridodonesis, phacodonesis and pseudoexfoliative material on the surface of the lens in both eyes indicating weak zonules caused by pseudoexfoliation syndrome, which was more pronounced in the left eye. Cataract surgery was performed initially in the left eye by phacoemulsification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505720DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7036573PMC
January 2020

Intraocular Lens Dislocation into the Anterior Chamber because of Repeated Eye-Poking in a Patient with Leber's Congenital Amaurosis.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):48-53. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The dislocation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) because of constant eye rubbing is unusual and has never been reported in a child with Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA). A 4-year-old full-term girl with an ocular history of LCA presented to the emergency room with a single-piece PC IOL dislocated into the anterior chamber (AC) of the left eye. There was no history of trauma or any other surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505596DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7011747PMC
January 2020

Treatment of Capillary Hemangioblastoma in Von Hippel-Lindau Disease: Case Report and Online Survey of Treatment Preferences among Experts.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):37-47. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Retina and Vitreous Department, Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México IAP, Hospital Dr. Luis Sánchez Bulnes, Mexico City, Mexico.

This case report aims to describe the diagnosis, treatment, and evolution of bilateral, asymmetrical retinal capillary hemangioblastomas treated with argon laser and intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor and also reports the results of an online survey of treatment preferences among retina and vitreous specialists. A previously healthy 23-year-old female presented to our Retina Department complaining of progressive visual loss in her right eye. Visual acuity at admission was 20/300 in her right eye and 20/20 in her left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6984148PMC
January 2020

CHARGE Syndrome Associated with Angle Closure despite High Myopia: A Case Report with Structural Suggestion.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):28-36. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

CHARGE syndrome is associated with multiple malformations, and the main ocular abnormality is coloboma. We describe an unusual case of a 15-year-old girl with CHARGE syndrome having high intraocular pressure and narrow angle closure despite refractive high myopia (-9.0 dpt) in her left eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505389DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6984150PMC
January 2020

Spontaneous Closure of the Macular Hole in a Patient with Acquired Vitelliform Lesion.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):16-21. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.

In this paper, we report an extremely rare case of spontaneous closure of a macular hole (MH) that developed in a patient in whom acquired vitelliform lesion (AVL) occurred after vitrectomy for atopic retinal detachment (ARD). A 32-year-old male developed ARD in both eyes, and retinal reattachment was achieved after vitrectomy. Five years after surgery, optical coherence tomography showed localized serous retinal detachment (SRD) and a granular lesion with a higher brightness in the subretinal fluid, thus leading to the diagnosis of AVL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6984144PMC
January 2020

A Case of Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation with Shallow Anterior Chamber and Choroidal Detachment.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):8-15. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki City, Japan.

We report a case of idiopathic orbital inflammation with a shallow anterior chamber and choroidal detachments. This study involved an 87-year-old female patient who presented at our department after becoming aware of the progression of diplopia. Examination of the patient's right eye revealed proptosis, as well as conjunctival edema with dilated and tortuous blood vessels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6984139PMC
January 2020

Microspherophakia in a 47, XYY Syndrome Patient: A Case Report.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 Jan-Apr;11(1):1-7. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Department of Microsurgery of the Anterior Segment, Fundación Hospital Nuestra Señora de la Luz IAP, Mexico City, Mexico.

47, XYY syndrome affects males with variable phenotypic expression. Around 80-99% of affected individuals present low-set ears, malar flattening, motor delay, and tall stature. Yet, some cases lack signs or symptoms or are barely noticeable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6984153PMC
January 2020

Double-Needle Yamane Repositioning of a Previous Yamane Fixation.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):431-437. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Oregon Eye Consultants, Eugene, Oregon, USA.

We describe a case of anteriorly dislocated, Yamane-fixated secondary intraocular lens (IOLs) with pigmentary dispersion syndrome. The patient presented with significant visual impairment and elevated intraocular pressure despite being maximally treated with all topical antihypertensive medications. The iris-IOL touch was confirmed by ultrasound biomicroscopy, and fundus examination revealed evidence of pigment granules on the optic disc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6959107PMC
December 2019

Optic Nerve Hypoplasia, Corpus Callosum Agenesis, Cataract, and Lissencephaly in a Neonate with a Novel Mutation.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):424-430. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Department of Medicine - Ophthalmology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

We report the case of a girl with a novel mutation of the gene (c.2716+2T>C) presenting microcephaly, parenchymal hemorrhages, lissencephaly, and bilateral cataracts, associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum and hypoplasia of the optic nerve. , located on chromosome 13, encodes the α1 chain of type IV collagen, a key component of the basement membrane in various organs, such as eye, brain, kidneys, and muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000505017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6959118PMC
December 2019

Multimodality Imaging Approach for Combined Central Retinal Vein and Artery Occlusion: The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):415-423. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion is an uncommon vascular pathology that can cause severe and permanent visual impairment. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a newly available, noninvasive imaging technique that can potentially improve understanding of the structural and vascular implications and prognosis of this infrequent pathology. The present report describes the principal clinical findings in a case of combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion, as detected by the different imaging modalities available in a tertiary referral hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940467PMC
December 2019

Macular Structure Recovery after Surgery for Optic Disc Pit Maculopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):408-414. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

The present report aimed to describe the macular structure's recovery process in a case of optic disc pit maculopathy (ODP-M) with outer layer hole following pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with juxtapapillary laser treatment (JPL). We performed repeated optical coherence tomography (OCT) examinations to evaluate the macular structural changes. An 80-year-old man presented with distorted vision and decreased visual acuity (VA) in his left eye, experienced for 1 year, prior to presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504619DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940450PMC
November 2019

Large Tick Infestation of the Upper Eyelid Presenting as Eyelid Mass and Preseptal Cellulitis.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):403-407. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

A child was referred for removal of an eyelid mass. She had preseptal cellulitis and a large tick deeply embedded in the tarsus of the upper eyelid necessitating antibiotic therapy and en-bloc excision of the tick with the attached eyelid portion. Large ticks that are embedded in the eyelid are best treated surgically with en-bloc excision of the tick and its attached lid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504431DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940453PMC
November 2019

Chronological Observations of Iris Flocculi in a Japanese Family with Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and Dissections.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):397-402. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Iris flocculi, a type of hereditary iris pigment epithelial cyst, have been reported in association with smooth muscle α-2 actin (ACTA2) gene as the causative gene of familial thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissections (FTAAD). The purpose of the report was to examine morphological changes in the shape of flocculi and iris features over time by comparing infants to adults with FTAAD combined with iris flocculi. A Japanese family with FTAAD and bilateral iris flocculi and the Arg149Cys gene mutation was included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504432DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940443PMC
November 2019

C-Shaped Scotoma after Complicated Cesarean Section: A Case of Acute Macular Neuroretinopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):391-396. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Department of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) is a rare retinal disease that produces transient or permanent visual impairment and occurs predominantly in young, Caucasian women of childbearing age. It is often characterized by wedge-like macular lesions. Although the cause of AMN is unknown, recent research suggests a microvascular etiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940446PMC
November 2019

Choroidal Congestion after Trabeculectomy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):384-390. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Clinica Oculistica, DiNOGMI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

The aim of this study is to report a case of choroidal congestion after trabeculectomy. This is a retrospective case report. An 85-year-old male with advanced open-angle glaucoma underwent trabeculectomy in both eyes and during follow-up he complained of visual impairment in the right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504318DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6902214PMC
November 2019

Femtosecond-Assisted Elliptical LASIK Flap for the Correction of Post-Arcuate Keratotomy Residual Astigmatism.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):379-383. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Lausanne, Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, Fondation Asile des aveugles, Lausanne, Switzerland.

We report the application of an elliptical femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap for the management of post-arcuate keratotomy (AK) residual astigmatism. An 82-year-old male was referred to our institute for evaluation of his right eye due to residual regular astigmatism 1 year after AK. On examination, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/50 and corrected distance visual acuity was 20/25 (+3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504288DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6902255PMC
November 2019

Unique Case of Bilateral Exudative Retinal Detachment following Creatine Supplementation in a Patient with Autosomal Dominant Bestrophinopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):374-378. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom.

We report a case of bilateral serous retinal detachment in a patient with rod-cone dystrophy caused by mutation of BEST1. This followed creatine monohydrate use as a dietary supplement. A 39-year-old male with rod-cone dystrophy and low hyperopia developed extensive bilateral exudative retinal detachment following creatine monohydrate diet supplementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6873073PMC
November 2019

Macular Hole Surgery in the Case of Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration Treated with Intravitreal Aflibercept.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):369-373. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Ophthalmology and Eye Surgery Clinic, Private Ophthalmic Center, Warsaw, Poland.

A 72-year-old male treated with aflibercept (Eylea) due to choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in his left eye developed a full-thickness macular hole (MH) after the second injection. The occurrence of MH in his left eye resulted in further visual acuity deterioration. As a consequence of having developed the MH, the patient was operated on. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6873050PMC
October 2019

Single Dose of Pseudoephedrine Induces Simultaneous Bilateral Acute Angle Closure Crisis.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):365-368. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Ophthalmology Department, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Simultaneous bilateral acute angle closure crisis (AACC) is a sight-threatening ocular emergency. Many "cold and flu" preparations contain compounds with sympathomimetic or anticholinergic qualities that confer a risk of inducing AACC. We present a review of cold and flu preparation-induced AACC, and present a case of simultaneous bilateral AACC triggered by a single oral dose of pseudoephedrine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6873066PMC
October 2019

Clinical Evaluation of the NS Endo-Inserter, a Novel Donor Inserter for Descemet's Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):357-364. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Japan.

Purpose: This study investigated the clinical outcomes achieved with a newly developed donor inserter (NS Endo-Inserter [NSI], HOYA Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) for Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in Japanese eyes with bullous keratopathy secondary to argon laser iridotomy (BK-ALI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503441DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6873084PMC
October 2019