725 results match your criteria Case reports in infectious diseases[Journal]


Effects of Intravenous Immunoglobulin and Acyclovir in Preventing Neonatal Varicella.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 18;2020:2709389. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Family Medicine, Trang Hospital, 69 Khokkhan Rd, Tubtiang, Muang, Trang 92000, Thailand.

Neonatal varicella mostly results from maternal varicella. The disease can cause presentation ranging from mild symptoms to varicella pneumonia, hepatitis, meningoencephalitis, or fatality. If the mother develops symptoms implying varicella 4-5 days antepartum to 2 days postpartum, the mortality rate of the baby may reach 20%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2709389DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320273PMC

Cutaneous Fusariosis in a Patient with Job's (Hyper-IgE) Syndrome.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 15;2020:3091806. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Henry Ford Allegiance Health (HFAH), Jackson, MI, USA.

is a filamentous fungus that is ubiquitous in nature and can cause severe opportunistic infections in immunocompromised hosts. The association between and hyper-IgE syndrome is exceedingly rare and has only been documented in a single report previously. A 44-year-old male, working as marijuana grower, with prior diagnosis of hyper-IgE syndrome and recurrent infections presented with enlarging right knee ulcer that did not respond to antimicrobial treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3091806DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315260PMC

Endocarditis with Perivalvular Abscess Presenting as Atrioventricular Block.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 11;2020:7463719. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Division of Cardiology, University of Florida College of Medicine Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

is an aerobic, Gram-negative bacillus first identified in 1819 (Yeung et al. 2018). infective endocarditis is extremely rare accounting for only 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7463719DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305547PMC

Liver Abscess due to : A Clinical Rarity.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 2;2020:1572023. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Gastroenterology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar-751019, Odisha, India.

We report a case of pyogenic liver abscess caused by a rare causative agent, . A 45-year-old man with underlying uncontrolled diabetes mellitus who had stopped taking his daily dose of insulin since the last 4 days, presented with pain in the abdominal area of one-day duration. Upon his admission to achieve diabetic control, a routine ultrasound examination of abdomen revealed incidentally, a large abscess in the left lobe of the liver with impending rupture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1572023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288222PMC

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis: An Unusual Presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 6;2020:1020274. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

HIV Unit Department, University Hospital "Fray Antonio Alcalde", University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, JAL, Mexico.

Background: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare inflammatory and demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system, with a distinct tendency to a perivenous localization of pathological changes. Children are the most affected population and frequently presented after exanthematous viral infections or vaccination. Due to the rarity of this disease, the annual incidence rate in the population is not precisely known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1020274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294351PMC

Camel Bite Associated with Depressed Skull Fracture with Rapidly Spreading Subgaleal Cellulitis.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 23;2020:8393059. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neurocritical Care, King Fahad Hospital of the University Dammam University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia.

Camel bite represents a minimal proportion, and most of them are from the Middle East countries. Their infectious potential is poorly understood, and the guidelines for antimicrobial treatment are not well developed. We describe a 40-year-old male, who works as a camel herder and was bitten by a camel while he was tying it down which led to a unilateral depressed skull fracture and multiple bilateral teeth-puncture wounds in the scalp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8393059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267871PMC

Herpes Zoster Infection Presenting as Aseptic Meningitis and Dermatomal Rash in Immunocompetent Adult.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 11;2020:8571958. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Herpes zoster is a localized, painful, and vesicular rash involving one or adjacent dermatomes caused by varicella-zoster virus reactivation. Herpes zoster presenting as aseptic meningitis is prevalent among elderly population and people with immunocompromised status. However, it is a rare phenomenon in the young immunocompetent adult; hence, we are reporting a case of a herpes zoster infection presenting as aseptic meningitis and dermatological manifestation in a 19-year-old immunocompetent male. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8571958DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201435PMC
January 2020

Prostatic Abscess in the Setting of Prolonged Bacteremia.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 20;2020:7213838. Epub 2020 May 20.

Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

rarely causes prostatic abscess. We report five cases of prostatic abscess in the setting of bacteremia at our institution that occurred between 12/2018 and 05/2019. Three of the cases were caused by MRSA, and four of the patients underwent drainage of the prostatic abscess. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7213838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256736PMC

Secondary Syphilis with Eosinophilia Complicated by Severe Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 16;2020:2150314. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

It has long been acknowledged that syphilis is a disease with a diverse range of presentations. We herein describe a case of a young man who presented with fever, rash, and eosinophilia following the commencement of allopurinol, only to be diagnosed with secondary syphilis on histopathology. His treatment was complicated by a severe exacerbation of his cutaneous eruption following the commencement of penicillin, likely secondary to a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction, an entity often overlooked by clinicians managing syphilis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2150314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201786PMC
January 2020

Listeria Cerebritis with Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibition.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 24;2020:4901562. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

UW School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

Background: is historically a central nervous system pathogen of consideration in the very young, very old, and immune suppressed. Diagnosis of is based on positive bodily fluid culture or PCR testing. Cerebral edema is nonspecific and can be a manifestation of vasculitis, trauma, anoxia, ischemia, infarction, malignancy, or an infectious process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4901562DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7196993PMC

: Case Reports and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 22;2020:4135246. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Division of Infectious Diseases, NewYork Presbyterian Queens, Flushing, NY, USA.

is a beta-hemolytic Gram-positive, catalase-negative, nonmotile coccus arranged in short chains, usually found in the female genitourinary tract and differentiated from in 2006. Only two human infections associated with this organism have been reported to date: one in a patient with a first digit wound infection and another with lower extremity cellulitis. We describe two novel cases of causing endocarditis in one and pneumonia with empyema in another, illustrating the potential of these bacteria to cause severe invasive and life-threatening disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4135246DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195636PMC

Psychiatric Disorders after Switching to Dolutegravir: A Case Report of a 59-Year-Old Virosuppressed HIV-1 Positive Woman.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 14;2020:9708913. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Bolzano Central Hospital, Bolzano, Italy.

We report a case of a woman who experienced psychiatric disorders after switching her antiretroviral therapy (c-ART) to dolutegravir (DTG). She is a 59-year-old HIV-1 positive woman with a recent story of cardiovascular disorders treated with beta-blockers, clopidogrel, and rosuvastatin. She underwent a c-ART switch from darunavir/cobicistat and maraviroc to emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide fumarate in association with dolutegravir due to drug-drug interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9708913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7180432PMC

Cryptococcal Meningitis in an Immunocompetent Patient with a Ventriculo-Pleural Shunt.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 14;2020:7601757. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Infectious Disease Specialist, Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

Cryptococcal meningitis is the most common form of infection caused by Cryptococcus yeast species, followed by pulmonary infection. It is an opportunistic infection seen in patients with impaired cell immunity, most frequently in HIV patients and solid organ transplant recipients; however, it can occur in patients with no apparent immunodeficiency. We describe the case of meningitis in an immunocompetent patient with aseptic cerebrospinal fluid analysis which highlights the heterogeneity of this disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7601757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178503PMC

Empyema as a Red Flag for Esophageal Rupture: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 14;2020:3935691. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, USA.

. empyema is a rare entity with an extremely high mortality rate.We present a case of multi species empyema in an immunocompetent female patient with Boerhaave syndrome secondary to retching and vomiting after heroin withdrawal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3935691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178516PMC

Incidental Finding of Nocardia: A Case Series from a Tertiary Care Centre in Uttarakhand.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 9;2020:6874625. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Nocardiosis is a rare bacterial infection that may lead to a severe disease. These infections are rare among normal population and are showing an increasing trend worldwide attributable to the increase in the immunosuppressed population. Most of these patients present with nonspecific clinical features such as fever, productive cough, and exertional dyspnoea as seen in our series of patients which makes it difficult to be diagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6874625DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171607PMC

Bacterial Endocarditis of Anatomically Normal Native Pulmonic Valve with No Predisposing Risk Factors: Case Report and Review.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 8;2020:1453126. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Infectious Disease Department, Pikeville Medical Center, Pikeville, KY, USA.

Right-sided native valve infective endocarditis (IE) includes tricuspid valve (TV) and pulmonic valve (PV). It represents 10% of all cases. However, it is more common in persons who inject drugs or in presence of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1453126DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7168754PMC

Pulmonary Malakoplakia by in an HIV-Infected Patient in Mexico: A Case Report.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 6;2020:3131024. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Research of Infectious Diseases, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosio Villegas, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: -related pulmonary malakoplakia is a rare condition with few reported cases; hereby, we present a case associated with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and thus far to our knowledge, the first report in Mexico. It is estimated that approximately 10% of the infections occur in immunocompetent patients, whereas the rest are immune deficient, targeting virtually any organ. Histologically, malakoplakia is characterized by the buildup of infiltrated inflammatory tissue as a consequence of the gathering of histiocytes embedded with concentric inclusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3131024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7166268PMC

Bacteremia: Is It Dangerous?

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 3;2020:7890305. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, NJ, USA.

. , an anaerobic Gram-negative bacillus, is a rare cause of opportunistic infections affecting premature infants to seniors. We present a 34-year-old man who was presented for the management of diabetic ketoacidosis and developed bacteremia after one week of hospitalization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7890305DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7160720PMC

-Induced Endocarditis and Associated Splenic Abscess.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 4;2020:1382709. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Division of Interventional Cardiology, Capital Health Regional Medical Center, Trenton, NJ, USA.

is a rod-shaped, Gram-positive bacterium generally found in the normal flora of the oropharynx, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tracts. It is commonly known as nonpathogen in the human body. Endocarditis due to is rarely encountered and associated with impaired immunity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1382709DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7160721PMC

Melioidosis with Septic Shock and Disseminated Infection in a Neutropenic Patient Receiving Chemotherapy.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 25;2020:8976180. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Chonburi Cancer Hospital, Department of Radiology, Chonburi, Thailand.

Melioidosis is a bacterial infection, caused by Gram-negative bacillus, , widespread in Southeast Asia and the northern part of Australia, resulting in a high mortality rate in severe infection. However, it has rarely been reported in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The authors described a case of melioidosis in a neutropenic patient presenting with septic shock after receiving chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8976180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7132350PMC

HSV-1 Encephalitis in an Elderly Man Receiving Ibrutinib for Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia.

Authors:
Mark R Wallace

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 23;2020:6516037. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Skagit Valley Hospital, 360 Hospital Parkway, My Vernon, WA 98273, USA.

Ibrutinib is a major new addition to the therapeutic armamentarium for chronic lymphocytic leukemia, mantle cell lymphoma, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, and chronic graft versus host disease. Though ibrutinib has proven to be a revolutionary new small molecule agent, and has relatively minimal toxicity as compared to traditional chemotherapy, infections have emerged as a major complication of therapy. While fungal infections have been the most problematic (including CNS aspergillosis), zoster, hepatitis B reactivation, and chronic hepatitis E have been reported in association with ibrutinib therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6516037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7125491PMC

Severe Malaria: A Case of a Significant Rapid Rise in the Parasite Level.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 16;2020:5206186. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Richmond University Medical Center, New York City, NY, USA.

Malaria is transmitted by the parasite, and most of the cases reported in the United States are often as a result of patients with recent return from endemic areas. Prompt diagnosis and treatment, particularly if there is severe parasitemia and drug failure, is essential in preventing mortality. Our patient had an unusual rapid rise in parasite but susceptible to intravenous artesunate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5206186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7102467PMC

The Forgotten Disease: A Case of Lemierre's Syndrome with Distal Extremity Involvement.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 16;2020:4346937. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Lewis-Gale Hospital Montgomery, 3700 South Main St., Blacksburg, VA 24060, USA.

Once coined the "Forgotten Disease," Lemierre's syndrome is a rare condition that results from oropharyngeal infection with the gram-negative, anaerobic . The typical progression of illness involves spread to adjacent structures such as the internal jugular vein with resulting thrombophlebitis. Septic emboli to distant sites are also a common sequela. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4346937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7102455PMC

as a Cause of Septic Arthritis: An Unusual Case of Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 10;2020:8431019. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

One of the most feared complications after arthroplasty is infection due to its significant impact on patient morbidity. Infection may transfer to the joint at the time of surgery or be seeded, haematologically, to the prosthetic joint from another infection source. In this case, a 72-year-old female presented with symptoms of septic arthritis seven years after her original arthroplasty surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8431019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7085820PMC

Diagnosis and Management of Lemierre's Syndrome Presented with Multifocal Pneumonia and Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 22;2020:6396274. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, Steward Carney Hospital, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

A 27-year-old female patient initially presented with fever, myalgia, sore throat that progressed to multifocal pneumonia, and cerebral sinus venous thrombosis. A combination of upper respiratory symptoms with tooth infection, positive blood culture for , computed tomography (CT) chest finding of multifocal pneumonia, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) finding of internal jugular vein thrombosis (IJVT) and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) suggested Lemierre syndrome. The patient was managed with fluids, antibiotics, and anticoagulants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6396274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7085867PMC

Dermatologic Conundrum: A Cardiac Condition Masqueraded as a Dermatologic Distraction.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 11;2020:5314503. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Providence Hospital and Medical Centers Michigan State University South Campus, Southfield, MI, 48075, USA.

A 38-year-old male presented to the emergency department (ED) complaining of extreme pain and a petechial rash on the left ankle for two weeks associated with generalized fatigue, intermittent fevers, and weight loss. He was discharged home from the ED on pain medications. He returned a few days later with a progressive rash that involved the entire left lower extremity to the level of the knee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5314503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7086409PMC

Initial Presentation of Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis with Ocular Lesions.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 2;2020:1305193. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Infectious Disease Physician, Banner Thunderbird Medical Center, 5555 W. Thunderbird Road, Glendale, AZ 85306, USA.

Ocular involvement with disseminated coccidiodal infection is rare. Even rarer is a patient presenting with symptomatic chorioretinitis first, followed weeks later by systemic symptoms of disseminated coccidioidomycosis. This highlights the need for physicians to have a heightened suspicion for testing for valley fever in patients living in endemic regions who present with ocular inflammation so that rapid and timely initiation of antifungal therapy may prevent loss of vision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1305193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071791PMC

Fatal Disseminated Aspergillosis in a Patient with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 29;2020:9623198. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Division of Rheumatology, NYU Langone Hospital-Brooklyn, 150 55th St, Brooklyn, NY 11220, USA.

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at increased risk for infection including opportunistic infections. Fungal infection in particular can be difficult to diagnose and treat and often can be life-threatening in the immunocompromised patient. We present a case in which a patient with SLE presented to the hospital with shortness of breath and cough. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9623198DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066410PMC
February 2020

Cerebral Cystic Echinococcosis.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 29;2020:1754231. Epub 2020 Feb 29.

Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, USA.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected helminthic disease and major public health problem in several regions of the world. The zoonosis is caused by the larval stage of different cestode species belonging to the genus CE can affect any organ with the liver and lungs being most commonly involved. The brain is involved in less than 2% of the cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1754231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066420PMC
February 2020

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in a Patient with Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 28;2020:1017689. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Hospital University Center "Mother Theresa", Tirana, Albania.

We presently report the case of hantavirus infection in a 45-year-old male who was hospitalized to our clinic of infectious diseases, with fever, myalgia, vomiting, nausea, headache, and abdominal pain. The physical findings included hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, rash, and conjunctival injection. Eight days before the start of complaints, the patient has cut trees in the mountain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1017689DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066413PMC
February 2020

Use of Procalcitonin to Guide Discontinuation of Antimicrobial Therapy in Patients with Persistent Intra-Abdominal Collections: A Case Series.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 9;2020:6342180. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Division of Infectious Diseases & HIV Medicine, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective: Limited evidence exists for the use of procalcitonin (PCT) to guide the duration of antimicrobial therapy in patients with intra-abdominal abscesses (IAA). In this case series, we describe clinical presentations and outcomes using PCT to guide cessation of antimicrobial therapy in patients with persistent IAA who exhibited clinical improvement.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with IAA who had PCT levels available to review was performed in a tertiary academic teaching institution in the United States between 2017 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6342180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7060429PMC
January 2020

Treatment of Recurrent Infection in an Immunocompromised Patient with Severe Neutropenia Not Responding to Standard Therapy.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 25;2020:3089023. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Department of Pharmacy Services, Piedmont Columbus Regional Healthcare System, Columbus, Georgia, USA.

One of the most effective strategies in reducing the risk of infection (CDI) recurrence is fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). However, several adverse events have been reported post FMT, and data on the efficacy and safety of FMT in immunocompromised patients with hematological malignancies are rare. This report presents FMT treatment for refractory CDI in a severely immunocompromised patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3089023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7061122PMC
February 2020

Pulmonary Toxoplasmosis Diagnosed on Transbronchial Lung Biopsy in a Mechanically Ventilated Patient.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 21;2020:9710182. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ 07112, USA.

is a protozoan parasite that infects up to a third of the world's population. Infection is mainly acquired by ingestion of food or water that is contaminated with oocysts shed by cats or consuming undercooked meat containing tissue cysts. Primary infection is subclinical in immunocompetent hosts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9710182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7054807PMC
February 2020

Infection in Humans: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 19;2020:9545243. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Reading Hospital and Medical Center, Tower Health System, West Reading, PA, USA.

. are Gram-negative oxidase-positive nonfermenting rods of Betaproteobacteria class, commonly found in rhizosphere. More recently, some species have transitioned from environment to human hosts, mostly as opportunistic (pathogenic) bacteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9545243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7053444PMC
February 2020

Invisible Facial Flushing in Two Cases of Dengue Infection and Influenza Detected by PC Program and Smartphone App: Decorrelation Stretching and K-Means Clustering.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 13;2020:8790130. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Emergency Medicine, Mission Hospital, Bangkok 10300, Thailand.

We report the two cases of dengue infection and influenza with invisible facial flushing. The invisible facial flushing can be detected and visible by the Manote and Matinun (M&M) technique using PC program and smartphone app (decorrelation stretching and K-Means clustering). The unique patterns of facial flushing in the patients with high fever provide a clue to the diagnosis of dengue infection and influenza. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8790130DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040398PMC
February 2020

Fecal Microbial Transplantation for the Treatment of Persistent Multidrug-Resistant K Infection in a Critically Ill Patient.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 12;2020:8462659. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Genetics Department, Ampath National Reference Laboratory, Centurion, South Africa.

Dysbiosis of the microbiome is a common finding in critically ill patients, who receive broad-spectrum antibiotics and various forms of organ support. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms are a growing threat in all areas of medicine, but most markedly in the critically ill, where there is both loss of host defences and widespread use of broad spectrum antibiotics. We present a case of a critically ill patient with persistent MDR infection, successfully treated with fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), using stool of a rigorously-screened, healthy donor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8462659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7038171PMC
February 2020

Severe Pulmonary Infection in a 20-Month-Old Female.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 12;2020:7301617. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Central Michigan University Health, Saginaw, MI 48602, USA.

Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is a common reason for hospitalization of a pediatric patient. We report a 20-month-old female admitted for suspected CAP. History included a week-long cough, fever, dyspnea, single occurrence of seizure-like activity, and a sick contact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7301617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7037976PMC
February 2020

Invasive Group B Streptococcal Infection with Toxic Shock-Like Syndrome in a Postsplenectomy Patient.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 13;2020:4048610. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Infectious Diseases Department, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport, Shreveport, LA, USA.

The incidence of invasive group B streptococcal disease (GBS) in nonpregnant population is increasing. As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are 10 cases in every 100,000 nonpregnant adults each year, and 1 in 20 nonpregnant adults with serious GBS infections die. GBS infection is almost always associated with underlying risk factors such as diabetes mellitus or malignancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/4048610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7040377PMC
February 2020

Coronary Artery Spasms Mimicking Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 11;2020:6310569. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Cardiology Unit, Teaching Hospital, Kandy, Sri Lanka.

Dengue is an arboviral febrile illness endemic in many tropical and subtropical regions with frequent epidemics. Although most cases are self-limiting, progression into dengue haemorrhagic fever can have dire outcomes. The course can also be complicated by infrequent occurrence of unusual clinical manifestations which are increasingly recognized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6310569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7036117PMC
February 2020

Catheter-Related ESBL-Producing Septicemia in Hemodialysis Patient: An Emerging Pathogen?

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 21;2020:7403152. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Microbiology, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

We report a multidrug-resistant strain of which was responsible for a catheter-related bacteremia, in a 50-year-old female with an end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. The isolated strain was an extended beta-lactamase producer. Based on a literature review of , there have been only two reports of extended beta-lactamase producer strains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7403152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6996699PMC
January 2020

Acute Rheumatic Fever: A Disease of the Past?

Authors:
Robert L Myette

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 8;2020:1470697. Epub 2020 Feb 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Queen's University at Kingston Health Science Centre, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

. Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a manifestation of the nonsuppurative sequelae of infection. Herein, two cases of ARF are presented to highlight that this disease is present in urban cities, can be diagnosed in otherwise healthy children, and that its diagnosis may be challenging, or marred with confounders, leading to delays in diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1470697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7031718PMC
February 2020

Frequently Relapsing Anterior Nodular Scleritis as the Initial Presentation of a Lethal Systemic Infection: Disseminated Tuberculosis with HIV Coinfection.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 31;2020:9020864. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

University Medical Unit, Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, Galle, Sri Lanka.

Background: Scleritis is a painful inflammatory ocular disease often associated with an underlying systemic illness mostly having an autoimmune aetiology. Tuberculosis usually presents as pulmonary infection, and the ocular presentation is considered to be rare. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9020864DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7013353PMC
January 2020

Oral Infection Caused by : A Rare Presentation of an Emerging Opportunistic Pathogen.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 29;2020:6346120. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Stomatology Department, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Lisboa Central - Hospital de São José, Lisbon, Portugal.

is an emerging multidrug-resistant opportunistic pathogen with an increasing incidence of nosocomial and community-acquired infection cases, mainly in immunocompromised individuals. Oral cavity infections are rare. To learn more about this infection, a case of oral cavity infection caused by in an immunosuppressed patient under ventilatory therapy has been presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6346120DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008288PMC
January 2020

Nosocomial Myiasis Caused by (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in a Pediatric Patient in Mexico.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 29;2020:1285459. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Departamento de Nutrición y Bioprogramación, Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, Secretaría de Salud Montes Urales 800, Lomas de Virreyes, Alcaldía Miguel Hidalgo, C.P. 11000, Mexico City, Mexico.

Prevention of nosocomial myiasis, or hospital-acquired larvae infestation, should be an essential part of all hospital infection control programs. However, little is known about nosocomial myiasis, despite the extensive medical and psychological effects it has on patients and their families and the negative effects it has on hospitals' reputation and finances. This report describes a case of nosocomial myiasis of a 13-year-old boy who was admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit for congestive heart failure, anemia, uremic encephalopathy, hypertension, and severe respiratory distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1285459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7008277PMC
January 2020

subsp. Liver Abscess with Pylephlebitis: An Abdominal Variant of Lemierre's Syndrome.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 13;2020:9237267. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Division of Infectious Disease, University of Colorado, Denver, CO, USA.

Liver abscess associated with suppurative portal vein thrombosis (pylephlebitis) secondary to has been rarely reported. It is considered to be an abdominal variant of Lemierre's syndrome associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We report a case of 69-year-old man who developed liver abscess and pylephlebitis due to with an unclear source of infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9237267DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6982357PMC
January 2020

Tuberculosis and Melioidosis at Distinct Sites Occurring Simultaneously.

Authors:
Seow Yen Tan

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 3;2020:9818129. Epub 2020 Jan 3.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.

Rationale: Both tuberculosis and melioidosis are commonly encountered infectious diseases in South East Asia. However, these conditions occur commonly in isolation, cases of coinfection of and are rare. These cases report of the isolation of both organisms concomitantly in a single disease site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/9818129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6964720PMC
January 2020

Anaerobic Bacteremias in Left Ventricular Assist Devices and Advanced Heart Failure.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2019 19;2019:7571606. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO, USA.

Left ventricular assisted devices (LVADs) have revolutionized the treatment of advanced heart failure, providing meaningful increases in survival, functional capacity, and quality of life. There are two categories of LVADs patients: (1) bridge-to-transplant and (2) destination therapy. Advanced heart failure and destination LVADs often carry a poor prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7571606DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6959158PMC
December 2019

Successful Treatment of Adenovirus Infection with Brincidofovir in an Immunocompromised Patient after Hematological Stem Cell Transplantation.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2020 7;2020:5981289. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Pediatric Haematology Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Immunocompromised patients, including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), HIV, and malnourished patients, are at increased risk for viral infections with high incidences of morbidity and mortality. In HSCT patients, the infection risk is increased until immune reconstitution is re-established. Therapy with standard of care antiviral drugs, for example Cidofovir, is expensive, requires prolonged administration, and has unfavorable toxicity profiles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/5981289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6973187PMC
January 2020

Treating Primary Arthroprosthesis Infection Caused by subsp. a.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2019 14;2019:5892913. Epub 2019 Dec 14.

Infectious Disease Clinic, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria are very rare, and results of treatment can be unpredictable. A 72-year-old female underwent hip replacement after an accidental fall in a local hospital in Santo Domingo. The postoperative period was uneventful except for a traumatic wound near the surgical scar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5892913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6942737PMC
December 2019

An Atypical Cause of an Epiglottic Abscess.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2019 12;2019:9674852. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Bahrain Defence Force Royal Medical Services, Riffa, Bahrain.

An epiglottic abscess is a rare complication of acute epiglottitis and is life threatening. We describe a case report of a diabetic adult male, who presented with an epiglottic abscess. Culture results showed , n organism rarely reported as a cause of acute epiglottitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9674852DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6930718PMC
December 2019