373 results match your criteria Case reports in endocrinology[Journal]


Untreated Giant Macroprolactinoma with Chronic Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage: An Unusual Complication.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2019 15;2019:4825357. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Regenerative Medicine Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Bertam, 13200 Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Macroprolactinoma has the potential to cause base of skull erosion and often extends into the sphenoid sinus. Rapid shrinkage of this invasive tumor following dopamine agonist therapy has been postulated to cause unplugging of the eroded area, leading to cerebrospinal fluid leakage. To the best of our knowledge, the occurrence of spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak in treatment-naive prolactinomas is very rare, the majority of which involve undiagnosed macroprolactinomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4825357DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350591PMC
January 2019

Unrecognized Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type 1A as a Cause of Hypocalcemia and Seizures in a 64-Year-Old Woman.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2019 9;2019:8456239. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Genoa; Medical Genetics Unit, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy.

Pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1A (PHP1A) is usually diagnosed in childhood or early adulthood. We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman admitted to the Neurological Unit for recurrent episodes of loss of consciousness and seizures. Glycemia and ECG were normal, while hypocalcemia was noted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8456239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343178PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Revealing a Severe Hypertriglyceridemia and Acute Pancreatitis in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2019 6;2019:8974619. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases and Nutrition, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening acute metabolic complication occurring in patients with diabetes, especially in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), due to an insulin deficiency. Moderate hypertriglyceridemia is commonly observed in DKA but severe hypertriglyceridemia with a triglyceride level exceeding 10g/L is very rarely reported. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who had type 1 diabetes for 4 years treated with insulin therapy, also having adrenal insufficiency treated with hydrocortisone who presented with ketoacidosis and excruciating abdominal pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8974619DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339756PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Acute Hyperglycemia Due to Topical Corticosteroid Administration.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2019 2;2019:6058076. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System and Division of Endocrinology, Departments of Medicine and Physiology, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90073, USA.

We present the case of a 71-year-old man with longstanding, previously well-controlled type 1 diabetes who developed acute hyperglycemia. His insulin requirements, via his insulin pump, increased to nearly five times his typical daily dose. The patient was admitted for evaluation and treatment and started on an insulin infusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6058076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334317PMC
January 2019

The Mutant Thyroid Hormone Receptor Beta R320P Causes Syndrome of Resistance to Thyroid Hormone.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 31;2018:4081769. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Okamoto Thyroid Clinic, Asahi-ku, Osaka 535-0031, Japan.

A 31-year-old Japanese male patient with a history of atrial fibrillation showed elevated serum levels of free thyroxine and triiodothyronine and a normal level of thyrotropin. The same abnormal hormone pattern was also found in his son. These data indicated that the index patient and the son have thyroid hormone resistance syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4081769DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332952PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Breast Cancer Development in a Transgender Male Receiving Testosterone Therapy.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 31;2018:3652602. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Endocrinology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Context: To describe a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a transgender male receiving testosterone therapy for gender-affirming treatment.

Case Description: A 28-year-old transgender male receiving intramuscular testosterone was found to have a breast mass on ultrasound after self-exam revealed a palpable breast lump. Ultrasound-guided breast biopsy revealed estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor (ER/PR) negative, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) positive, invasive ductal carcinoma of the left breast. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3652602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332954PMC
December 2018

Prenatal Diagnosis and Management of a Fetal Goiter Hypothyroidism due to Dyshormonogenesis.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 19;2018:9564737. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Centro Materno Infantil do Norte-Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto, Oporto, Portugal.

Fetal goiter is a rare disorder not expected to be found during a healthy woman's pregnancy. It can be a prenatal manifestation of congenital hypothyroidism due to thyroid dyshormonogenesis and it can lead to serious perinatal complications. A vascularized fetal neck mass was detected at 29 weeks' gestation of a healthy primigravida. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9564737DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6313984PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Isoproterenol Induced Insulin Resistance Leading to Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 17;2018:4328954. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, IL, USA.

Isoproterenol is known to cause insulin resistance and is often used to treat bradyarrhythmias from atrioventricular block. We report a case of isoproterenol induced diabetic ketoacidosis in a 77-year-old female patient treated with isoproterenol for atrioventricular block prior to insertion of permanent pacemaker. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) developed within hours of starting an isoproterenol drip, and there were no other precipitating factors at that time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4328954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311779PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Combination of Gonadal Dysgenesis and Monosomy X with a Novo Translocation (13,14).

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 17;2018:3796415. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Endocrinology Paediatrics, Medical School, Mohammed V University, Hôpital d'Enfants, 10 000 Rabat, Morocco.

Turner syndrome is a common sex chromosome disorder characterized by complete or partial absence of an X chromosome. The spectrum of its clinical features and cytogenetics are various. We report new chromosomal formula revealed by DSD and associated with translocation (13,14). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/3796415/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3796415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311845PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

A Rare Localized Pituitary Stalk Germinoma Presenting in the Third Decade.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 17;2018:1746917. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Section of Medicine, Endocrinology, Department of Diabetes and Metabolism, San Juan City Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA.

We report the case of a 34-year-old male Hispanic patient who presented with an 8-month history of polyuria and decreased libido. An evaluation revealed hypopituitarism, central diabetes insipidus, and a pituitary stalk lesion. No evidence of a neoplasm or an inflammatory/infiltrative disease was found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1746917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311725PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Hyperandrogenism in a Postmenopausal Woman Secondary to Testosterone Secreting Ovarian Stromal Tumor with Acoustic Schwannoma.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 5;2018:8154513. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division Director, Department of Endocrinology, Berkshire Medical Center, Pittsfield, MA, USA.

Androgen-secreting ovarian neoplasms are rare ovarian tumors that present with hirsutism and virilization which may manifest as severe alopecia, deepening of voice, and clitoromegaly. Most often, ovarian tumors are found to be very small or even undetectable. In such cases, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy should be performed after ruling out other causes of high androgens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8154513DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304522PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

An Unusual Case of Metastatic Follicular Thyroid Cancer 40 Years after Initial Diagnosis.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 5;2018:2019235. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Center for Osteoporosis and Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and the Central Arkansas Veterans Health Care System, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.

Thyroid cancer recurrence can occur decades after initial diagnosis despite excellent response to therapy. Thyroid cancer recurrence is evaluated using serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and imaging studies including I-131 WBS and neck ultrasound. Limitations in Tg measurement and WBS may result in failure to detect recurrence. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/2019235/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2019235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304514PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Heterozygous Mutation in Two Family Members with Short Stature and Skeletal Dysplasia.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 28;2018:7658496. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, 1 Robert Wood Johnson Place, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA.

Endochondral ossification at the level of the growth plate, an essential process involved in longitudinal growth, is regulated by hormonal and local factors including C-type natriuretic peptide and its receptor, natriuretic peptide receptor B. Biallelic loss-of-function mutations in the gene, which encodes this receptor, cause acromesomelic dysplasia, Maroteaux type (AMDM), a skeletal dysplasia characterized by severe short stature and disproportionate shortening of limbs. Heterozygous mutations have been reported in patients previously classified with idiopathic short stature (ISS). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/7658496/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7658496DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304185PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Idiopathic Hypoparathyroidism and Severe Hypocalcemia in Pregnancy.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 27;2018:8316017. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Endocrinology, Rafic El Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon.

The objective of this study is to report a case of severe hypocalcemia secondary to hypoparathyroidism in a pregnant woman. We report a case of a 45-year-old woman who presented for tonico-clonic seizure in the third trimester of gestation. She was diagnosed with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism for the first time during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8316017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288569PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Graves' Thyrotoxicosis Leading to Adrenal Decompensation and Hyperandrogenemia in a Pediatric Patient with Salt-Wasting Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 22;2018:2359205. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Pediatric Endocrinology, Rhode Island Hospital/The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 111 Plain Street, 3rd Floor, Providence, RI 02903, USA.

Introduction: Thyroid hormone is known to accelerate glucocorticoid turnover. In a thyrotoxic state, individuals with adrenal insufficiency are unable to increase endogenous cortisol production to compensate for increased turnover, placing them at risk for symptoms of glucocorticoid deficiency and adrenal crisis. In patients with salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia (SW-CAH), hyperandrogenemia is a measurable reflection of relative glucocorticoid insufficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2359205DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282132PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Tuberculosis of the Thyroid Gland Presented as a Rapid Enlargement of a Preexisting Goiter.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 12;2018:4369531. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Endocrinology, La Rabta hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Thyroid involvement with tuberculosis is an uncommon condition even in endemic countries. As its clinical presentation is not specific, diagnosis is often difficult and requires histopathological confirmation. Herein we report an observation of secondary tuberculosis of the thyroid gland in a woman with a type 2 diabetes mellitus and a primary hypothyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4369531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260530PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Nephrectomy for Metastatic Kidney Tumor in Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: A Report of Two Cases.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 11;2018:7842792. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Surgery, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

The occurrence of renal tumors originating from thyroid cancer is extremely rare with a few effective treatments for renal metastases. Here, we report the cases of two patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who underwent nephrectomy for a metastatic kidney tumor. Case 1 was a 74-year-old man who was diagnosed with right kidney tumor 10 years after initial surgery for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7842792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6252184PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

A Case of Thyrotoxicosis due to Simultaneous Occurrence of Subacute Thyroiditis and Graves' Disease.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 30;2018:3210317. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan.

Subacute thyroiditis is an inflammatory disorder of the thyroid. Graves' disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease in which thyroid hormones are overproduced. Here we present a rare case of thyrotoxicosis due to the simultaneous occurrence of both diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3210317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232809PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Fever of Unknown Origin as a Sole Presentation of Subacute Thyroiditis in an Elderly Patient: A Case Report with Literature Review.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 25;2018:5041724. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, NJ 07740, USA.

An 80-year-old Caucasian male presented with fever of 3-week duration. Outpatient workup for infectious etiologies was negative and due to persistent fever, he was hospitalized for further evaluation of fever of unknown origin (FUO). Physical examination and laboratory studies remained unremarkable; however a follow-up CT scan of chest, abdomen, and pelvis with contrast done to rule out malignancy as an underlying cause of FUO revealed heterogeneous thyroid gland with surrounding hazy changes suggestive of thyroiditis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5041724DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6222214PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, a Sequel of Untreated Childhood Onset Growth Hormone Deficiency Developing in a 17-Year-Old Patient.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 24;2018:4748750. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

In a seminal report, a 17-year-old boy with panhypopituitarism had fatty liver (FL) amelioration with growth hormone (GH). By extension, since hepatic insulin resistance (IR) is key to FL and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), GH then may ameliorate the IR of T2DM. We present a 17-year-old nonobese female with untreated childhood onset growth hormone deficiency (CO-GHD) who developed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and steatohepatitis with bridging fibrosis. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/4748750/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4748750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220405PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Marine-Lenhart Syndrome: Case Report, Diagnosis, and Management.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 24;2018:3268010. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

The coexistence of thyroid functioning nodules and Graves' disease is called Marine-Lenhart syndrome. This condition is estimated to occur in 0.8-2. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/3268010/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3268010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220406PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma as a Lateral Neck Cyst: A Cystic Metastatic Node versus an Ectopic Thyroid Tissue.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 18;2018:5198297. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Radiologist, National Defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia.

Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common thyroid malignancy and frequently metastasizes to regional lymph nodes. Occasionally, metastatic lymph nodes are palpable without the evidence of primary tumour. Papillary thyroid carcinoma of lateral neck cyst is a rare condition. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/5198297/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5198297DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211211PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Simultaneous Pheochromocytoma, Paraganglioma, and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma without Known Mutation.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 14;2018:6358485. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Einstein Medical Center, 5501 Old York Rd., Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA.

Background: Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma is a rare tumor from neuroendocrine cells. 1/3 of cases have germline mutations. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a common neoplasm from follicular cells of the thyroid. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/6358485/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6358485DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204204PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism and Kleefstra Syndrome due to a Pathogenic Variant in the Gene: An Underrecognized Association.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 2;2018:4283267. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Rhode Island Hospital/Hasbro Children's Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 111 Plain St, 3rd Floor, Providence, RI 02903, USA.

Kleefstra syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by intellectual disability, childhood hypotonia, and facial dysmorphisms. Genital anomalies such as micropenis, cryptorchidism, and hypospadias have been reported in 30-40% of males diagnosed with the disease. However, endocrinological investigations have been limited. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/4283267/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4283267DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189678PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Pheochromocytoma in Congenital Cyanotic Heart Disease.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 25;2018:2091257. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Studies on genome-wide transcription patterns have shown that many genetic alterations implicated in pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma (P-PGL) syndromes cluster in a common cellular pathway leading to aberrant activation of molecular response to hypoxia in normoxic conditions (the pseudohypoxia hypothesis). Several cases of P-PGL have been reported in patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD). Patients affected with CCHD have an increased likelihood of P-PGL compared to those affected with noncyanotic congenital heart disease. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/2091257/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2091257DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6176301PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Severe Symptomatic Hypocalcemia from HIV Related Hypoparathyroidism.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 25;2018:8270936. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, USA.

We report the case of a 54-year-old Caucasian female who presented with a two-year history of persistent hypocalcemia requiring multiple hospitalizations. Her medical history was significant for HIV diagnosed four years ago. She denied any history of prior neck surgery or radiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8270936DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6176304PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Regeneration of Pancreatic -Islet Cells in a Type-II Diabetic.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 5;2018:6147349. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Endocrinology Consultants of East Tennessee, 1450 Dowell Springs Blvd., Suite 300, Knoxville, TN 37909, USA.

A case report is presented in which a type-II diabetic patient significantly improved his dysfunctional -islet cells using a combination of a strenuous exercise program, cyclical ketogenic diet, and oral GABA/probiotic supplementation. The patient was diagnosed with type-II diabetes at the age of 41 which then progressed through a typical series of treatment changes over 14 years. Treatment periods consisted of metformin therapy alone for 4 years followed by a metformin/glyburide combination therapy for 6 years, and eventually an insulin/metformin combination therapy for 4 years. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/6147349/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6147349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6145154PMC
September 2018
14 Reads

Giant Prolactinoma of Young Onset: A Clue to Diagnosis of MEN-1 Syndrome.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 14;2018:2875074. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Department of Endocrinology, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, UK.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 1 syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline mutations in gene, characterized by tumours in endocrine and nonendocrine organs. Giant prolactinoma is defined as tumours larger than 40mm with very high prolactin secretion. We report two unrelated Sri Lankan patients (8-year-old boy and a 20-year-old female) who presented with giant prolactinomas with mass effects of the tumours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2875074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112072PMC
August 2018
23 Reads

Primary Hyperparathyroidism in Pregnancy: Successful Parathyroidectomy during First Trimester.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 6;2018:5493917. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Section of Endocrinology, Reading Hospital, Reading, PA, 19611, USA.

Primary hyperparathyroidism in pregnancy can result in significant maternal and fetal complications. When indicated, prompt parathyroidectomy in the early second trimester is considered the treatment of choice. Pregnant patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who have an indication for parathyroidectomy during the first trimester represent a therapeutic challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5493917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106801PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Dapagliflozin-Associated Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a Patient Presenting with Acute Pancreatitis.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 7;2018:6450563. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, USA.

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are a class of medications used for glycemic control in type II diabetes mellitus. Their mechanism of action involves preventing resorption of glucose at the proximal kidney, thereby promoting glucosuria and weight loss. However, they have also been found to be associated with euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis (euDKA). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/6450563/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6450563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106964PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

Treatment of Concurrent Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura and Graves' Disease: A Report on Two Cases.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 9;2018:5747969. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Academic Teaching Hospital Feldkirch, Feldkirch, Austria.

Graves' disease (GD) and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) are autoimmune diseases caused by autoantibodies against the TSH receptor (TRAb) and the enzyme ADAMTS13. We here report on two patients with concurrent GD and TTP, who achieved sustained remission of both conditions with the TTP treatment regimen and thiamazole. Both patients suffered from relapsing TTP and were diagnosed with GD concomitantly at the time of relapse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5747969DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106962PMC
August 2018
7 Reads

Diabetic Myonecrosis: A Diagnostic and Treatment Challenge in Longstanding Diabetes.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 12;2018:1723695. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Cleveland Clinic, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective: Diabetes mellitus is associated with microvascular and macrovascular complications; the most commonly recognized ones include diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy. Less well-known complications are equally important, as timely recognition and treatment are essential to decrease short- and long-term morbidity.

Methods: Herein, we describe a case of a 41-year-old female with longstanding, uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, who presented with classical findings of diabetic myonecrosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1723695DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109525PMC
August 2018
24 Reads

Primary Bone Marrow B-Cell Lymphoma Undetected by Multiple Imaging Modalities That Initially Presented with Hypercalcemia.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 26;2018:7676580. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: We report a rare case of severe hypercalcemia that was ultimately diagnosed as primary bone marrow diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (BCL).

Case Report: A 74-year-old male patient visited our hospital complaining of tenderness and swelling of the left knee caused by supracondylar fracture of the left distal femur. His initial blood tests showed a serum calcium level of 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7676580DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6083738PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Megestrol Acetate-Induced Symptomatic Hypogonadism in a Male Patient.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 18;2018:7048610. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Bone Disease, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, New York, NY, USA.

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis are very sensitive and can be affected by external factors like stress, starvation, and medication. Medication-induced suppression of these axes can cause adrenal insufficiency (AI) and hypogonadism. Exogenous glucocorticoid use is the most common cause of iatrogenic AI. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/7048610/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7048610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077573PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

A Case of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Presenting with Hypernatremia, Hyperosmolarity, and Altered Sensorium.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 16;2018:4806598. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, St. Joseph's University Medical Center-New York Medical College, USA.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis commonly presents with hyponatremia, but hypernatremia is a rare entity. We report a unique case of a 50-year-old woman admitted with altered sensorium with blood glucose 979 milligrams/deciliter, serum osmolarity 363 mOsm/kilograms, and serum sodium 144 milliequivalents/liter. Patient was given initial bolus of isotonic saline and continued on half isotonic saline for correction of hypernatremia along with insulin infusion therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4806598DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077649PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Extreme and Cyclical Blood Pressure Elevation in a Pheochromocytoma Hypertensive Crisis.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 15;2018:4073536. Epub 2018 Jul 15.

Division of General Surgery, McGill University Health Centre, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Pheochromocytomas are rare adrenal neoplasms characterized by excess secretion of catecholamines. We describe the case of a 65-year-old man, known for hypertension, with no family history of hereditary pheochromocytoma syndromes. He reported a two-year history of flushing, systolic blood pressure surges to 200 mmHg, headaches, tremors, and syncope. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4073536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077531PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

A Large PROP1 Gene Deletion in a Turkish Pedigree.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 14;2018:2403430. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Department of Medical Genetics, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, 34752 Istanbul, Turkey.

Pituitary-specific paired-like homeodomain transcription factor, PROP1, is associated with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency. Alteration of the gene encoding the PROP1 may affect somatotropes, thyrotropes, and lactotropes, as well as gonadotropes and corticotropes. We performed genetic analysis of PROP1 gene in a Turkish pedigree with three siblings who presented with short stature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2403430DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077661PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Thyroseq V3 Molecular Profiling for Tailoring the Surgical Management of Hürthle Cell Neoplasms.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 16;2018:9329035. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

New York Head & Neck Institute, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Hürthle cell predominant thyroid nodules often confound the diagnostic utility of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) with cytology often interpreted as a Hürthle cell lesion with an indeterminate risk of malignancy, Bethesda category (BC) III or IV. Molecular diagnostics for Hürthle cell predominant nodules has also been disappointing in further defining the risk of malignancy. We present a case of a slowly enlarging nodule within a goiter initially reported as benign on FNAB, BC II but on subsequent FNAB suspicious for a Hürthle cell neoplasm, BC IV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9329035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076910PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Successful Management of Pheochromocytoma Detected in Pregnancy by Interval Adrenalectomy in a VHL Patient.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 19;2018:9014585. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, Sri Lanka.

A 34-year-old mother with diabetes mellitus for 6 years presented in the late second trimester of her third pregnancy with new onset hypertension and characteristic hyperadrenergic spells. Clinical examination was unremarkable except a blood pressure of 170/110 mmhg. She had an elevated 24 hour urinary normetanephrine level with ultrasonic evidence of a hyperechoic hypervascular well-defined right supra renal mass of 6 x 5 cm in size which was very suggestive of a pheochromocytoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9014585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076903PMC
July 2018
5 Reads

Bilateral Pheochromocytomas in a Patient with Y175C Von Hippel-Lindau Mutation.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 10;2018:8967159. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, caused by germline mutations in the gene, is characterized by metachronously occurring tumors including pheochromocytoma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and hemangioblastoma. Although VHL disease leads to reduced life expectancy, its diagnosis is often missed and tumor screening guidelines are sparse. VHL protein acts as a tumor suppressor by targeting hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) for degradation through an oxygen-dependent mechanism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8967159DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076969PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Ectopic Papillary Thyroid Cancer with Distant Metastasis.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 11;2018:8956712. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Pathology Department, Isaac Gonzalez Oncologic Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA.

Ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare clinical entity wherein malignant lesions may arise, the most common one being papillary carcinoma. We present a case of a 68-year-old female who presented with a growing mass in the right clavicle. An MR of the shoulder showed a soft tissue mass arising from the anterior margin of the right distal clavicle. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/8956712/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8956712DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076977PMC
July 2018
15 Reads

The Clinical Cases of Geleophysic Dysplasia: One Gene, Different Phenotypes.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 3;2018:8212417. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Division of Endocrinology, Cincinnati Center for Growth Disorders, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, USA.

Background: Geleophysic dysplasia is a rare multisystem disorder that principally affects the bones, joints, heart, and skin. This condition is inherited either in an autosomal dominant pattern due to mutations or in an autosomal recessive pattern due to mutations. Two patients with unaffected parents from unrelated families presented to their endocrinologist with severe short stature, resistant to growth hormone treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8212417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051107PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Fever of Unknown Origin: Could It Be a Pheochromocytoma? A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 3;2018:3792691. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.

Pheochromocytomas are rare tumors that arise from the adrenal medulla, with an incidence of less than 1 per 100,000 person-years. These tumors are characterized by excess catecholamine secretion and classically present with the triad of headaches, palpitations, and sweating episodes. However, the clinical presentation can be quite variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3792691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051277PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Diagnostic Dilemma in Two Cases of Hyperandrogenism.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 27;2018:9041018. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

Endocrinology Department, Al-Assad University Hospital, Damascus University, Syria.

Hirsutism is a common endocrine complaint affecting about 10 percent of women. It may be caused by multiple etiologies including adrenal and ovarian disorders. Usually, it is a result of a benign entity such as PCOs and idiopathic hirsutism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9041018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6040299PMC
June 2018
3 Reads

Successful Treatment of Acromegaly and Associated Hypogonadism with First-Line Clomiphene Therapy.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 26;2018:7925019. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

Clomiphene citrate (CC) has been reported as an effective add-on therapy to somatostatin analogs and dopamine agonists in patients with acromegaly accompanied by hypogonadism; its use as a single agent to treat acromegaly and associated hypogonadism following incomplete surgery has not been previously reported. We report the first case in which clomiphene was utilized as a single agent for the dual management of acromegaly and hypogonadism, not controlled by pituitary surgery alone. The treatment was well tolerated and proved to be effective after a process of treatment withdrawal and reintroduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7925019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6038655PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

A Case of Euthyroid Graves' Ophthalmopathy in a Patient Sero-Negative for TSH Receptor Autoantibody.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 13;2018:1707959. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.

We report of a case of Graves' ophthalmopathy presented solely with symptoms of the eyes with normal thyroid function tests and negative immunoreactive TSH receptor autoantibody. 40-year-old male was referred to our hospital due to 2-month history of ocular focusing deficit without any signs or symptoms of hyper- or hypothyroidism. Serum thyroid function tests and Tc uptake were both within the normal range. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1707959DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020486PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

An Atypical HNF4A Mutation Which Does Not Conform to the Classic Presentation of HNF4A-MODY.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 28;2018:1560472. Epub 2018 May 28.

Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Objective: To present the case of an atypical Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4 Alpha mutation that is not consistent with the classically published presentation of -Mature Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY).

Methods: Clinical presentation and literature review.

Results: A 43-year-old nonobese man was referred to the endocrinology clinic for evaluation of elevated fasting blood glucose (FBG) measurements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1560472DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5994579PMC
May 2018
15 Reads

Thyroid Storm and Complete Heart Block after Treatment with Radioactive Iodine.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 11;2018:8214169. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine, The University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.

Thyroid storm is a rare endocrine emergency characterized by dysfunction of multiple organ systems. Thyroid storm is more common in Graves' disease and can be precipitated by surgery, trauma, infection, metabolic abnormalities, iodine load, and parturition. We present a diagnostically challenging case of thyroid storm precipitated by radioiodine therapy and accompanied by bradycardia, a rare but life-threatening complication related to treatment for hyperthyroidism. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/8214169/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8214169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016161PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

Graves' Disease Presenting with Periodic Paralysis to the Emergency Department.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 7;2018:9763452. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Fiona Stanley Hospital, 11 Robin Warren Drive, Murdoch, 6150, Western Australia, Australia.

Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis is an infrequent manifestation of hyperthyroidism and an uncommon cause of muscle weakness in western countries. The diagnosis should be considered in the differential when a patient presents with transient and recurrent weakness associated with hypokalaemia. We present a case of a 26-year-old Asian male presenting with sudden onset muscle weakness affecting predominantly his lower limbs on a background of weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9763452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6011162PMC
June 2018
27 Reads

Seemingly Harmless Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma Presenting as Bone Metastasis.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 3;2018:8749075. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Endocrinology Department, Instituto Português de Oncologia, Porto, Portugal.

Thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine neoplasia. Differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTCs) represent the majority of cases, which usually follow an indolent clinical course with low mortality rates. The authors describe two cases of well DTC without classic histological poor prognosis features, presenting as extensive and unresectable osteolytic bone metastases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8749075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008661PMC
June 2018
7 Reads