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    288 results match your criteria Case reports in endocrinology[Journal]

    1 OF 6

    Short Stature Homeobox-Containing Haploinsufficiency in Seven Siblings with Short Stature.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 30;2017:7287351. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Nemours Children's Health System, Jacksonville, FL, USA.
    Deficiency of the short stature homeobox-containing (SHOX) gene is a frequent cause of short stature in children (2-15%). Here, we report 7 siblings with SHOX deficiency due to a point mutation in the SHOX gene. Index case was a 3-year-old male who presented for evaluation of short stature. Read More

    Severe Thyrotoxicosis Secondary to Povidone-Iodine from Peritoneal Dialysis.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 24;2017:2683120. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Medicine, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
    A 73-year-old male on home peritoneal dialysis (PD) with recent diagnosis of atrial fibrillation presented with fatigue and dyspnea. Hyperthyroidism was diagnosed with TSH < 0.01 mIU/L and FT4 > 100 pmol/L. Read More

    A Case of Hyperparathyroidism due to a Large Intrathyroid Parathyroid Adenoma with Recurrent Episodes of Acute Pancreatitis.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 26;2017:5376741. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan.
    We report a case of a 66-year-old woman who developed hyperparathyroidism due to a large intrathyroid parathyroid adenoma with episodes of acute pancreatitis. She had previously been treated for acute pancreatitis twice. Serum calcium was 12. Read More

    A Recurrent Episode of Dermatomyositis Associated with Papillary Thyroid Cancer.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 19;2017:7985953. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    Department of Endocrinology, Swedish American Hospital, 1253 N. Alpine Road, Rockford, IL 61107, USA.
    Objective: It is uncommon for dermatomyositis to be associated with papillary thyroid cancer. We report an unusual case of papillary thyroid cancer presenting with dermatomyositis.

    Methods: The case history, imaging and laboratory data is reviewed. Read More

    A Case of Male Osteoporosis: A 37-Year-Old Man with Multiple Vertebral Compression Fractures.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 16;2017:6328524. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3T 1E2.
    While the contributing role of testosterone to bone health is rather modest compared to other factors such as estradiol levels, male hypogonadism is associated with low bone mass and fragility fractures. Along with stimulating physical puberty by achieving virilization and a normal muscle mass and improving psychosocial wellbeing, the goals of testosterone replacement therapy in male hypogonadism also include attainment of age-specific bone mineral density. We report on a 37-year-old man who presented with multiple vertebral compression fractures several years following termination of testosterone replacement therapy for presumed constitutional delay in growth and puberty. Read More

    Adrenal Ganglioneuroblastoma in Adults: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 21;2017:5796236. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    Endocrinology Service, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy.
    Incidentally discovered adrenal masses are very common given the increased number of imaging studies performed in recent years. We here report a clinical case of a 20-year-old woman who presented with left flank pain. Ultrasound examination revealed a contralateral adrenal mass, which was confirmed at computed tomography (CT) scan. Read More

    Treatment of Nonclassic 11-Hydroxylase Deficiency with Ashwagandha Root.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 20;2017:1869560. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Department of Medicine, New York City Health + Hospitals/Woodhull, 760 Broadway, Brooklyn, NY 11206, USA.
    An elderly woman presented with acne and male pattern alopecia, which upon diagnostic evaluation was found to be due to nonclassic 11-hydroxylase deficiency. We previously reported that Ashwagandha root ameliorates nonclassic 3-β-ol dehydrogenase and aldosterone synthase deficiencies. This is the first report of its use being associated with amelioration of nonclassic 11-hydroxylase deficiency, where its apparent effects appear to be dose-related. Read More

    Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Ectopic Malignancy versus Metastatic Disease.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 18;2017:9707031. Epub 2017 Jun 18.
    Endocrinology, SJCH, San Juan, PR, USA.
    Papillary thyroid carcinoma frequently metastasizes to regional lymph nodes. However, cervical lymph node metastasis as a sole manifestation of occult papillary thyroid carcinoma is rarely observed. Ectopic thyroid is an uncommon condition defined as the presence of thyroid tissue at a site other than pretracheal area. Read More

    Effect of Intranasal Calcitonin in a Patient with McCune-Albright Syndrome, Fibrous Dysplasia, and Refractory Bone Pain.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 6;2017:7898713. Epub 2017 Jun 6.
    Gynecological Endocrinology Unit, Division of Endocrinology, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Rua Ramiro Barcelos 2350, 90035-003 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
    McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a rare disease defined by the triad of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia of bone, café-au-lait skin spots, and precocious puberty. No available treatment is effective in changing the course of fibrous dysplasia of bone, but symptomatic patients require therapeutic support to reduce bone pain and prevent fractures and deformities. We report the case of a 27-year-old woman with MAS and severe fibrous dysplasia. Read More

    A Case of "Late" Postsurgical Hypoparathyroidism.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 31;2017:3962951. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Introduction: Postsurgical hypoparathyroidism normally occurs a short time after thyroid surgery in form of two clinical syndromes of different etiology and prognosis. The first is transitory and might spontaneously recover within a few weeks or months. The second is permanent and needs a definitive treatment. Read More

    Severe Short Stature in an Adolescent Male with Prader-Willi Syndrome and Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia: A Therapeutic Conundrum.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 30;2017:4271978. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Rhode Island Hospital and Hasbro Children's Hospital, The Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency results in excess androgen production which can lead to early epiphyseal fusion and short stature. Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder resulting from a defect on chromosome 15 due to paternal deletion, maternal uniparental disomy, or imprinting defect. Ninety percent of patients with PWS have short stature. Read More

    Clinical Phenotype in a Toddler with a Novel Heterozygous Mutation of the Vitamin D Receptor.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 23;2017:3905905. Epub 2017 May 23.
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
    We present the clinical phenotype of a toddler who presented with vitamin D-resistant rickets, with one of the highest initial levels of alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels reported in the literature. The toddler had novel compound heterozygous mutations in the ligand-binding site of the vitamin D receptor and had an excellent response to calcitriol (1,25(OH)2D). Read More

    Locally Advanced Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Carcinoma Presenting as a Neck Mass.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 9;2017:7014313. Epub 2017 May 9.
    Department of Endocrinology, Reading Health System, West Reading, PA 19611, USA.
    Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma is rare and occurs in just 1% of cases with thyroglossal duct cysts. It is not always possible to distinguish a thyroglossal cyst harboring malignancy from its benign counterparts unless biopsied, thus posing the dilemma. Currently there is no clear consensus on the optimal management of thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma. Read More

    Humoral Hypercalcemia of Malignancy with a Parathyroid Hormone-Related Peptide-Secreting Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Accompanied by a Gastric Cancer.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 10;2017:7012520. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Nagoya City West Medical Center, 1-1-1 Hirate-cho, Kita-ku, Nagoya 462-8508, Japan.
    Humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy (HHM) is caused by the oversecretion of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) from malignant tumors. Although any tumor may cause HHM, that induced by intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) or gastric cancer (GC) is rare. We report here a 74-year-old male who displayed HHM with both ICC and GC and showed an elevated serum PTHrP level. Read More

    Myxedema Crisis Presenting with Seizures: A Rare Life-Threatening Presentation-A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 2;2017:4285457. Epub 2017 May 2.
    Endocrinology, Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, Sri Lanka.
    Myxedema crisis is a life-threatening extreme form of hypothyroidism with a high mortality rate if left untreated. Myxedema crisis is commonly seen in older patients, especially in women, and is associated with signs of hypothyroidism, hypothermia, hyponatraemia, hypercarbia, and hypoxemia. Patients might present with different organ specific symptoms. Read More

    Hypocalciuric Hypercalcemia due to Impaired Renal Tubular Calcium Excretion in a Type 2 Diabetic Patient.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 11;2017:3694868. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
    The case we presented here was a 73-year-old gentleman, who was admitted to endocrinology department due to recurrent fatigue for 1 year. He had medical histories of type 2 diabetes for 18 years and developed CKD 4 years ago. He also suffered from dilated cardiomyopathy, and coronary heart disease, moderate sleep apnea syndrome, primary hypothyroidism, and gout. Read More

    Anaplastic Spindle Cell Squamous Carcinoma Arising from Tall Cell Variant Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid Gland: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 6;2017:4581626. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Department of Surgery, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.
    Tall cell variant (TCV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), an aggressive form of thyroid cancer, is characterised by 50% of cells with height that is three times greater than the width. Very rarely, some of these cancers can progress to spindle cell squamous carcinoma (SCSC) resulting in cancers with elements of both SCSC and TCV PTC. Here we report a case of SCSC arising from TCV PTC. Read More

    A Normotensive Patient with Primary Aldosteronism.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 2;2017:5159382. Epub 2017 Apr 2.
    Department of VIP, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fujian Medical University, 134 East Street, Fuzhou 350001, China.
    This study was to report a case of normotensive patient with primary aldosteronism who was admitted to our department recently. The patient was a 33-year-old male with right adrenal incidentaloma, but without any symptom. He has no history of hypertension, and blood pressure was normal when measured at multiple time points during hospitalization stay. Read More

    A Rare Complication following Thyroid Percutaneous Ethanol Injection: Plummer Adenoma.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 29;2017:1026139. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Department of Endocrinology, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy.
    Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) is a technique used only for benign thyroid nodules, cystic or mixed cystic-solid with a large fluid component. It is a quite low-cost, safe, and outpatient method of treatment. Rare and severe complications have been described after PEI: jugular vein thrombosis and severe ethanol toxic necrosis of the larynx combined with necrotic dermatitis. Read More

    Normalization of Bilateral Adrenal Gland Enlargement after Treatment for Cryptococcosis.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 26;2017:1543149. Epub 2017 Mar 26.
    Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan.
    Cryptococcosis usually occurs in immunocompromised patients and can cause enlargement of the adrenal glands, although the morphologic changes after treatment have not been reported in detail. We report the case of 24-year-old man with fevers, headaches, and impaired consciousness who had been treated with glucocorticoids for a protein-losing gastroenteropathy. The cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed cryptococcal meningitis. Read More

    Usefulness of Stereotactic Radiotherapy Using CyberKnife for Recurrent Lymph Node Metastasis of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 15;2017:7956726. Epub 2017 Mar 15.
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan.
    A woman in her 60s presented with a recurrent lymph node metastasis from a papillary thyroid carcinoma in the right parapharyngeal space. She had already undergone total thyroidectomy, five resections for cervical lymph node metastases, and right carotid rebuilding. Surgical resection of the current metastasis was impossible. Read More

    Psychological Aspects of Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: Two Cases Illustrating Therapeutical Challenges.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 12;2017:8313162. Epub 2017 Mar 12.
    Unit of Pediatric Endocrinology, 4th Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS) and its heterogeneous phenotypes comprise the pieces of a challenging clinical problem. The lack of standardized guidelines results in controversies regarding the proper diagnostic and therapeutic approach, including the time and type of intervention. Due to its variable phenotype, AIS is not diagnosed at the proper age that would allow optimal psychological and medical support to the patient. Read More

    A Rapid Biochemical and Radiological Response to the Concomitant Therapy with Temozolomide and Radiotherapy in an Aggressive ACTH Pituitary Adenoma.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 5;2017:2419590. Epub 2017 Mar 5.
    Zagreb University School of Medicine, Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
    Background and Importance. In the last eight years temozolomide (TMZ) has been used as the last-line treatment modality for aggressive pituitary tumors to be applied after the failure of surgery, medical therapy, and radiotherapy. The objective was to achieve a rapid control of tumor growth and hormone normalization with concurrent chemoradiotherapy in a patient with very aggressive ACTH pituitary adenoma. Read More

    Atypical Complications of Graves' Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 28;2017:6087135. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Endocrine Department, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, P.O. Box 3050, Qatar.
    Graves' disease (GD) may display uncommon manifestations. We report a patient with rare complications of GD and present a comprehensive literature review. A 35-year-old woman presented with a two-week history of dyspnea, palpitations, and edema. Read More

    Addison's Disease and Possible Cannabis Withdrawal Syndrome Presenting as an Eating Disorder in a Thirty-Year-Old Female.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 1;2017:4096021. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, North York General Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    A 30-year-old female with a history of anxiety, cannabis use, and Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder presented for residential treatment of a Cannabis Use Disorder. Upon arrival, she had not eaten for two days and was found to be hypotensive with electrolyte disturbances. She was admitted to a nearby hospital, where the Internist diagnosed her with Addison's disease. Read More

    Pituitary Adenoma and Hyperprolactinemia Accompanied by Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 22;2017:3974291. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    General Surgery Department, Liv Hospital, Ulus, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the breast, and its etiology remains not fully elucidated. IGM is observed more often in patients with autoimmune disease. Hyperprolactinemia is observed during pregnancy, lactation, and a history of oral contraceptive use. Read More

    Simultaneous Papillary Carcinoma in Thyroglossal Duct Cyst and Thyroid.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 8;2017:8541078. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    Division of Endocrinology, Hospital Mario Pena, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
    Thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC) is a cystic expansion of a remnant of the thyroglossal duct tract. Carcinomas in the TDC are extremely rare and are usually an incidental finding after the Sistrunk procedure. In this report, an unusual case of a 36-year-old woman with concurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma arising in the TDC and on the thyroid gland is presented, followed by a discussion of the controversies surrounding the possible origins of a papillary carcinoma in the TDC, as well as the current management options. Read More

    False Positive Findings on I-131 WBS and SPECT/CT in Patients with History of Thyroid Cancer: Case Series.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 26;2017:8568347. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.
    Introduction. Although whole body scan (WBS) with I-131 is a highly sensitive tool for detecting normal thyroid tissue and metastasis of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), it is not specific. Additional information, provided by single photon emission computed tomography combined with X-ray computed tomography (SPECT/CT) and by the serum thyroglobulin level, is extremely useful for the interpretation of findings. Read More

    Hypercalcemia of Malignancy in Thymic Carcinoma: Evolving Mechanisms of Hypercalcemia and Targeted Therapies.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 12;2017:2608392. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.
    Here we describe, to our knowledge, the first case where an evolution of mechanisms responsible for hypercalcemia occurred in undifferentiated thymic carcinoma and discuss specific management strategies for hypercalcemia of malignancy (HCM). Case Description. We report a 26-year-old male with newly diagnosed undifferentiated thymic carcinoma associated with HCM. Read More

    Asymptomatic Congenital Hyperinsulinism due to a Glucokinase-Activating Mutation, Treated as Adrenal Insufficiency for Twelve Years.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 9;2017:4709262. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shizuoka General Hospital, No. 4-27-1, Kita-Ando, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka, Shizuoka 420-8527, Japan.
    Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) caused by a glucokinase- (GCK-) activating mutation shows autosomal dominant inheritance, and its severity ranges from mild to severe. A 43-year-old female with asymptomatic hypoglycemia (47 mg/dL) was diagnosed as partial adrenal insufficiency and the administration of hydrocortisone (10 mg/day) was initiated. Twelve years later, her 8-month-old grandchild was diagnosed with CHI. Read More

    Isolated Liver Metastasis in Hürthle Cell Thyroid Cancer Treated with Microwave Ablation.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 9;2017:2790741. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 5th Floor McCampbell Hall, 1581 Dodd Drive, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
    Hürthle cell thyroid cancer (HCTC) is a less common form of differentiated thyroid cancer. It rarely metastasizes to the liver, and when it does, the metastasis is almost never isolated. Here we report a 62-year-old male with widely invasive Hürthle cell thyroid cancer, who underwent total thyroidectomy and received adjuvant treatment with I-131 with posttreatment scan showing no evidence of metastatic disease. Read More

    Horner Syndrome Secondary to Thyroid Surgery.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 4;2017:1689039. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, School of Medicine, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
    Horner syndrome (HS), caused by an interruption in the oculosympathetic pathway, is characterised by myosis, ipsilateral blepharoptosis, enophthalmos, facial anhydrosis, and vascular dilation of the lateral part of the face. HS is a rare complication of thyroidectomy. A 15-year-old female patient presented with solitary solid and large nodule in the right thyroid lobe. Read More

    Vasopressin Bolus Protocol Compared to Desmopressin (DDAVP) for Managing Acute, Postoperative Central Diabetes Insipidus and Hypovolemic Shock.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 3;2017:3052102. Epub 2017 Jan 3.
    Department of Neurology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.
    Introduction. Management of postoperative central diabetes insipidus (DI) can be challenging from changes in volume status and serum sodium levels. We report a case successfully using a dilute vasopressin bolus protocol in managing hypovolemic shock in acute, postoperative, central DI. Read More

    Artifactual Hypoglycaemia in Systemic Sclerosis and Raynaud's Phenomenon: A Clinical Case Report and Short Review.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 28;2016:7390927. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Concord, Sydney, NSW 2139, Australia; Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2005, Australia.
    Background. Artifactual hypoglycaemia, defined as a discrepancy between glucometer (capillary) and plasma glucose levels, may lead to overtreatment and costly investigations. It is not infrequently observed in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon due to vascular capillary distortion, yet this is clinically underappreciated. Read More

    Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma of the Thyroid.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 1;2016:8756723. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Endocrinology Department, Hospital de Egas Moniz, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Thyroid lymphomas are rare clinical entities that may result from either the primary intrathyroid de novo or secondary thyroid gland involvement of a lymphoma. Among these, the Hodgkin's subtype is quite uncommon, accounting for 0.6-5% of all thyroid malignancies. Read More

    Unusual Cushing's Syndrome and Hypercalcitoninaemia due to a Small Cell Prostate Carcinoma.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 1;2016:6308058. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Pathology Unit, "M. Bufalini" Hospital, ASL of Romagna, Cesena, Italy.
    A 75-year-old man was hospitalized because of severe hypokalaemia due to ACTH dependent Cushing's syndrome. Total body computed tomography (TBCT) and 68 Gallium DOTATATE PET/CT localized a voluminous prostate tumour. A subsequent transurethral prostate biopsy documented a small cell carcinoma positive for ACTH and calcitonin and negative for prostatic specific antigen (PSA) at immunocytochemical study; serum prostatic specific antigen (PSA) was normal. Read More

    A 33-Year-Old Man with Gynaecomastia and Galactorrhea as the First Symptoms of Graves Hyperthyroidism.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 1;2016:1946824. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Graves' hyperthyroidism has a various number of well-recognized manifestations. Galactorrhea is a rare manifestation in this disease. We describe a 33-year-old man who presented with the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, gynaecomastia, and galactorrhea for 2 months. Read More

    A Large Isolated Hydatid Cyst of the Adrenal Gland: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 28;2016:9237903. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Urology Department, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh 11159, Saudi Arabia.
    A 44-year-old patient presented with two-year history of (R) lumbar pain. There was a strong history of childhood animals' contact, including dogs. A brother had multiple hydatid cysts requiring surgery. Read More

    Short-Term PTH(1-34) Therapy in Children to Correct Severe Hypocalcemia and Hyperphosphatemia due to Hypoparathyroidism: Two Case Studies.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 13;2016:6838626. Epub 2016 Nov 13.
    Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    The standard treatment of hypoparathyroidism is to control hypocalcemia using calcitriol and calcium supplementation. However, in severe cases this approach is insufficient, and the risks of intravenous (i.v. Read More

    Nonislet Cell Tumor Hypoglycemia in a Patient with Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 10;2016:5731417. Epub 2016 Nov 10.
    Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Nonislet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) is a rare but serious paraneoplastic syndrome in which a tumor secretes incompletely processed precursors of insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II), causing hypoglycemia. Here, we report an exceptional case of NICTH caused by nonfunctioning adrenocortical carcinoma in a 39-year-old male with recurrent hypoglycemia. The patient's serum IGF-II/IGF-I ratio had increased to 27. Read More

    The Biochemical Profile of Familial Hypocalciuric Hypercalcemia and Primary Hyperparathyroidism during Pregnancy and Lactation: Two Case Reports and Review of the Literature.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 9;2016:2725486. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
    Background. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and Familial Hypocalciuric Hypercalcemia (FHH) result in different maternal and fetal complications in pregnancy. Calcium to creatinine clearance ratio (CCCR) is commonly used to help distinguish these two conditions. Read More

    Surgical Management of Life-Threatening Thyroid Haematoma following Occult Blunt Neck Trauma.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 25;2016:4307695. Epub 2016 Oct 25.
    University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff CF14 4XW, UK.
    A 42-year-old man arrived at the emergency department in severe respiratory distress, requiring immediate intubation and ventilation. An emergency computed tomography (CT) neck scan identified a substantial haematoma within a multinodular goitre, necessitating an emergency total thyroidectomy. It was later discovered that the patient had been the victim of an assault involving blunt trauma to the anterior neck. Read More

    Moyamoya Disease with Coexistent Hypertriglyceridemia in Pediatric Patient.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 24;2016:7974182. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    Department of Pediatric, Children's Hospital of the University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA.
    Moyamoya disease is a rare chronic and progressive cerebrovascular disease of the arteries of the circle of Willis that can affect children and adults. It has been associated with multiple diseases, including immunologic, like Graves' disease, diabetes mellitus, and SLE. Hyperlipidemia has been recognized in patients with Moyamoya disease with an incidence of 27-37%. Read More

    Anterior Pituitary Aplasia in an Infant with Ring Chromosome 18p Deletion.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 24;2016:2853178. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
    We present the first reported case of an infant with 18p deletion syndrome with anterior pituitary aplasia secondary to a ring chromosome. Endocrine workup soon after birth was reassuring; however, repeat testing months later confirmed central hypopituitarism. While MRI reading initially indicated no midline defects, subsequent review of the images confirmed anterior pituitary aplasia with ectopic posterior pituitary. Read More

    Syndrome of Reduced Sensitivity to Thyroid Hormones: Two Case Reports and a Literature Review.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 28;2016:7546453. Epub 2016 Sep 28.
    Department of Endocrinology, Venizeleio General Hospital, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.
    Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is an extremely rare dominantly inherited condition of impaired tissue responsiveness to thyroid hormone (TH). Most patients with RTH have mutations in the gene that encodes the β isoform of the receptor of thyroid hormone (THR-β gene). Mutant receptors are unable to activate or repress target genes. Read More

    Occult Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Presenting with Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, a Thickened Pituitary Stalk and Diabetes Insipidus.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 30;2016:5191903. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
    Division of Endocrinology, Allegheny Neuroendocrinology Center, Allegheny General Hospital, Drexel University College of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
    Etiologies of a thickened stalk include inflammatory, neoplastic, and idiopathic origins, and the underlying diagnosis may remain occult. We report a patient with a thickened pituitary stalk (TPS) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) whose diagnosis remained obscure until a skin lesion appeared. The patient presented with PTC, status postthyroidectomy, and I(131) therapy. Read More

    Bilateral Carotid-Cavernous Fistulas: An Uncommon Cause of Pituitary Enlargement and Hypopituitarism.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 29;2016:6364203. Epub 2016 Aug 29.
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Tupper Research Institute, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
    Carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are rare, pathologic communications of the carotid artery and the venous plexus of the cavernous sinus. They can develop spontaneously in certain at risk individuals or following traumatic head injury. Typical clinical manifestations include headache, proptosis, orbital pain, and diplopia. Read More

    Cerebrovascular Accident due to Thyroid Storm: Should We Anticoagulate?
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 15;2016:5218985. Epub 2016 Aug 15.
    Internal Medicine Training Program, Department of Medicine, University District Hospital, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine, P.O. Box 365067, San Juan, PR 00936-5067, USA.
    Thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition that occurs secondary to an uncontrolled hyperthyroid state. Atrial fibrillation is a cardiovascular complication occurring in up to 15% of patients experiencing thyroid storm, and if left untreated this condition could have up to a 25% mortality rate. Thyroid storm with stroke is a rare presentation. Read More

    A Novel T55A Variant of Gs α Associated with Impaired cAMP Production, Bone Fragility, and Osteolysis.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2016 7;2016:2691385. Epub 2016 Aug 7.
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism and The Institute for Human Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
    G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) mediate a wide spectrum of biological activities. The GNAS complex locus encodes the stimulatory alpha subunit of the guanine nucleotide binding protein (Gsα) and regulates production of the second messenger cyclic AMP (cAMP). Loss-of-function GNAS mutations classically lead to Albright's Hereditary Osteodystrophy (AHO) and pseudohypoparathyroidism, often with significant effects on bone formation and mineral metabolism. Read More

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