446 results match your criteria Carpathian Journal Of Mathematics[Journal]


Knowledge transmission patterns at the border: ethnobotany of Hutsuls living in the Carpathian Mountains of Bukovina (SW Ukraine and NE Romania).

J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2020 Jul 10;16(1):41. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Via Torino 155, 30172, Mestre, Venezia, Italy.

Background: Cross-border research is a novel and important tool for detecting variability of ecological knowledge. This is especially evident in regions recently divided and annexed to different political regimes. Therefore, we conducted a study among Hutsuls, a cultural and linguistic minority group living in Northern and Southern Bukovina (Ukraine and Romania, respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13002-020-00391-3DOI Listing

New Insight into the Systematics of European (Collembola: Entomobryidae) Using Molecular and Morphological Data.

Insects 2020 May 13;11(5). Epub 2020 May 13.

Institute of Silviculture and Forest Protection, Faculty of Forestry, University of Sopron, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky u. 4, H-9400 Sopron, Hungary.

The Collembolan genus is subdivided into up to eight subgenera, of which only s.str. (Bourlet, 1839) and (Yoshii & Suhardjono, 1989) are represented by European species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/insects11050302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7290404PMC

Coalescing traditions-Coalescing people: Community formation in Pannonia after the decline of the Roman Empire.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(4):e0231760. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Institute of Archaeological Sciences, ELTE-Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

The decline of the Roman rule caused significant political instability and led to the emergence of various 'Barbarian' powers. While the names of the involved groups appeared in written sources, it is largely unknown how these changes affected the daily lives of the people during the 5th century AD. Did late Roman traditions persist, did new customs emerge, and did both amalgamate into new cultural expressions? A prime area to investigate these population and settlement historical changes is the Carpathian Basin (Hungary). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0231760PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7190109PMC

Changing nature of Saharan dust deposition in the Carpathian Basin (Central Europe): 40 years of identified North African dust events (1979-2018).

Authors:
György Varga

Environ Int 2020 Jun 10;139:105712. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Budapest H-1112, Hungary. Electronic address:

Several billion tonnes of mineral dust is emitted, and transported through winds every year from arid-semiarid areas. North African dust hot spots located in the Sahara are responsible for 50-70% of the global mineral dust budget. Dust-loaded air-masses originated from these sources can be transported over long distances and can also affect remote areas, such as North and South Americas, Europe, and the Middle East. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105712DOI Listing

Histological and Electrophoretic Analysis of Carpathian barbel (, Cyprinidae) Skin and Mucus in Environmental Context.

Animals (Basel) 2020 Apr 8;10(4). Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Division of Animal Anatomy, Department of Biostructure and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kożuchowska 1, 51-631 Wrocław, Poland.

Fish frequently serve as bioindicators of aquatic environments during their ecological evaluation. Carpathian barbel (, Cyprinidae) is a species common to rivers and lakes of Eurasia and Africa. Seasons of the year can influence its skin morphology and mucus composition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10040645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222720PMC

Author Correction: Chronicles of nature calendar, a long-term and large-scale multitaxon database on phenology.

Authors:
Otso Ovaskainen Evgeniy Meyke Coong Lo Gleb Tikhonov Maria Del Mar Delgado Tomas Roslin Eliezer Gurarie Marina Abadonova Ozodbek Abduraimov Olga Adrianova Tatiana Akimova Muzhigit Akkiev Aleksandr Ananin Elena Andreeva Natalia Andriychuk Maxim Antipin Konstantin Arzamascev Svetlana Babina Miroslav Babushkin Oleg Bakin Anna Barabancova Inna Basilskaja Nina Belova Natalia Belyaeva Tatjana Bespalova Evgeniya Bisikalova Anatoly Bobretsov Vladimir Bobrov Vadim Bobrovskyi Elena Bochkareva Gennady Bogdanov Vladimir Bolshakov Svetlana Bondarchuk Evgeniya Bukharova Alena Butunina Yuri Buyvolov Anna Buyvolova Yuri Bykov Elena Chakhireva Olga Chashchina Nadezhda Cherenkova Sergej Chistjakov Svetlana Chuhontseva Evgeniy A Davydov Viktor Demchenko Elena Diadicheva Aleksandr Dobrolyubov Ludmila Dostoyevskaya Svetlana Drovnina Zoya Drozdova Akynaly Dubanaev Yuriy Dubrovsky Sergey Elsukov Lidia Epova Olga S Ermakova Olga Ermakova Aleksandra Esengeldenova Oleg Evstigneev Irina Fedchenko Violetta Fedotova Tatiana Filatova Sergey Gashev Anatoliy Gavrilov Irina Gaydysh Dmitrij Golovcov Nadezhda Goncharova Elena Gorbunova Tatyana Gordeeva Vitaly Grishchenko Ludmila Gromyko Vladimir Hohryakov Alexander Hritankov Elena Ignatenko Svetlana Igosheva Uliya Ivanova Natalya Ivanova Yury Kalinkin Evgeniya Kaygorodova Fedor Kazansky Darya Kiseleva Anastasia Knorre Leonid Kolpashikov Evgenii Korobov Helen Korolyova Natalia Korotkikh Gennadiy Kosenkov Sergey Kossenko Elvira Kotlugalyamova Evgeny Kozlovsky Vladimir Kozsheechkin Alla Kozurak Irina Kozyr Aleksandra Krasnopevtseva Sergey Kruglikov Olga Kuberskaya Aleksey Kudryavtsev Elena Kulebyakina Yuliia Kulsha Margarita Kupriyanova Murad Kurbanbagamaev Anatoliy Kutenkov Nadezhda Kutenkova Nadezhda Kuyantseva Andrey Kuznetsov Evgeniy Larin Pavel Lebedev Kirill Litvinov Natalia Luzhkova Azizbek Mahmudov Lidiya Makovkina Viktor Mamontov Svetlana Mayorova Irina Megalinskaja Artur Meydus Aleksandr Minin Oleg Mitrofanov Mykhailo Motruk Aleksandr Myslenkov Nina Nasonova Natalia Nemtseva Irina Nesterova Tamara Nezdoliy Tatyana Niroda Tatiana Novikova Darya Panicheva Alexey Pavlov Klara Pavlova Polina Petrenko Sergei Podolski Natalja Polikarpova Tatiana Polyanskaya Igor Pospelov Elena Pospelova Ilya Prokhorov Irina Prokosheva Lyudmila Puchnina Ivan Putrashyk Julia Raiskaya Yuri Rozhkov Olga Rozhkova Marina Rudenko Irina Rybnikova Svetlana Rykova Miroslava Sahnevich Alexander Samoylov Valeri Sanko Inna Sapelnikova Sergei Sazonov Zoya Selyunina Ksenia Shalaeva Maksim Shashkov Anatoliy Shcherbakov Vasyl Shevchyk Sergej Shubin Elena Shujskaja Rustam Sibgatullin Natalia Sikkila Elena Sitnikova Andrei Sivkov Nataliya Skok Svetlana Skorokhodova Elena Smirnova Galina Sokolova Vladimir Sopin Yurii Spasovski Sergei Stepanov Vitalіy Stratiy Violetta Strekalovskaya Alexander Sukhov Guzalya Suleymanova Lilija Sultangareeva Viktorija Teleganova Viktor Teplov Valentina Teplova Tatiana Tertitsa Vladislav Timoshkin Dmitry Tirski Andrej Tolmachev Aleksey Tomilin Ludmila Tselishcheva Mirabdulla Turgunov Yurij Tyukh Van Vladimir Elena Vargot Aleksander Vasin Aleksandra Vasina Anatoliy Vekliuk Lidia Vetchinnikova Vladislav Vinogradov Nikolay Volodchenkov Inna Voloshina Tura Xoliqov Eugenia Yablonovska-Grishchenko Vladimir Yakovlev Marina Yakovleva Oksana Yantser Yurij Yarema Andrey Zahvatov Valery Zakharov Nicolay Zelenetskiy Anatolii Zheltukhin Tatyana Zubina Juri Kurhinen

Sci Data 2020 04 9;7(1):118. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

University of Helsinki, PO BOX 65, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0454-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7145793PMC

High genomic diversity in the bank vole at the northern apex of a range expansion: The role of multiple colonizations and end-glacial refugia.

Mol Ecol 2020 May 18;29(9):1730-1744. Epub 2020 May 18.

Laboratory of Molecular Ecology, Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Liběchov, Czech Republic.

The history of repeated northern glacial cycling and southern climatic stability has long dominated explanations for how genetic diversity is distributed within temperate species in Eurasia and North America. However, growing evidence indicates the importance of cryptic refugia for northern colonization dynamics. An important geographic region to assess this is Fennoscandia, where recolonization at the end of the last glaciation was restricted to specific routes and temporal windows. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.15427DOI Listing

Morpho-Physiological and Genomic Evaluation of Species Reveals Regional Maladaptation to Cold Stress.

Front Plant Sci 2020 10;11:229. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center, Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States.

Climate change may have unpredictable effects on the cold hardiness of woody species planted outside of their range of origin. Extreme undulations in temperatures may exacerbate susceptibility to cold stress, thereby interfering with productivity and ecosystem functioning. L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7077431PMC

The ground-level ozone concentration in beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) forests in the West Carpathian Mountains.

Environ Monit Assess 2020 Mar 12;192(4):233. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Institute of Forest Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Zvolen, Slovakia.

The amount of ground-level ozone in beech forests depends not only on the pollution intensity but also on the other environmental factors. This paper presents the analysis of the concentrations of ground-level ozone during the growing season (April-September) of beech trees, which represent the main objects modifying the microclimate conditions inside the forest. The research was localized in the Kremnické vrchy Mountains in Slovakia and realized during the period of 2004-2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-8176-7DOI Listing

Climate change projections for Carpathian soda pans on the basis of photosynthesis evidence from typical diatom species.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Mar 20;710:136241. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

University of Pannonia, Department of Limnology, H-8200 Veszprém, Egyetem u. 10, Hungary.

The Carpathian Basin is home to a number of astatic soda pans which are especially vulnerable to the climate change due to their high degree of hydrological sensitivity. The photosynthetic plasticity of the three most dominant benthic diatom species (Nitzschia aurariae, N. reskovii, N. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136241DOI Listing

Chronicles of nature calendar, a long-term and large-scale multitaxon database on phenology.

Authors:
Otso Ovaskainen Evgeniy Meyke Coong Lo Gleb Tikhonov Maria Del Mar Delgado Tomas Roslin Eliezer Gurarie Marina Abadonova Ozodbek Abduraimov Olga Adrianova Tatiana Akimova Muzhigit Akkiev Aleksandr Ananin Elena Andreeva Natalia Andriychuk Maxim Antipin Konstantin Arzamascev Svetlana Babina Miroslav Babushkin Oleg Bakin Anna Barabancova Inna Basilskaja Nina Belova Natalia Belyaeva Tatjana Bespalova Evgeniya Bisikalova Anatoly Bobretsov Vladimir Bobrov Vadim Bobrovskyi Elena Bochkareva Gennady Bogdanov Vladimir Bolshakov Svetlana Bondarchuk Evgeniya Bukharova Alena Butunina Yuri Buyvolov Anna Buyvolova Yuri Bykov Elena Chakhireva Olga Chashchina Nadezhda Cherenkova Sergej Chistjakov Svetlana Chuhontseva Evgeniy A Davydov Viktor Demchenko Elena Diadicheva Aleksandr Dobrolyubov Ludmila Dostoyevskaya Svetlana Drovnina Zoya Drozdova Akynaly Dubanaev Yuriy Dubrovsky Sergey Elsukov Lidia Epova Olga S Ermakova Olga Ermakova Aleksandra Esengeldenova Oleg Evstigneev Irina Fedchenko Violetta Fedotova Tatiana Filatova Sergey Gashev Anatoliy Gavrilov Irina Gaydysh Dmitrij Golovcov Nadezhda Goncharova Elena Gorbunova Tatyana Gordeeva Vitaly Grishchenko Ludmila Gromyko Vladimir Hohryakov Alexander Hritankov Elena Ignatenko Svetlana Igosheva Uliya Ivanova Natalya Ivanova Yury Kalinkin Evgeniya Kaygorodova Fedor Kazansky Darya Kiseleva Anastasia Knorre Leonid Kolpashikov Evgenii Korobov Helen Korolyova Natalia Korotkikh Gennadiy Kosenkov Sergey Kossenko Elvira Kotlugalyamova Evgeny Kozlovsky Vladimir Kozsheechkin Alla Kozurak Irina Kozyr Aleksandra Krasnopevtseva Sergey Kruglikov Olga Kuberskaya Aleksey Kudryavtsev Elena Kulebyakina Yuliia Kulsha Margarita Kupriyanova Murad Kurbanbagamaev Anatoliy Kutenkov Nadezhda Kutenkova Nadezhda Kuyantseva Andrey Kuznetsov Evgeniy Larin Pavel Lebedev Kirill Litvinov Natalia Luzhkova Azizbek Mahmudov Lidiya Makovkina Viktor Mamontov Svetlana Mayorova Irina Megalinskaja Artur Meydus Aleksandr Minin Oleg Mitrofanov Mykhailo Motruk Aleksandr Myslenkov Nina Nasonova Natalia Nemtseva Irina Nesterova Tamara Nezdoliy Tatyana Niroda Tatiana Novikova Darya Panicheva Alexey Pavlov Klara Pavlova Polina Petrenko Sergei Podolski Natalja Polikarpova Tatiana Polyanskaya Igor Pospelov Elena Pospelova Ilya Prokhorov Irina Prokosheva Lyudmila Puchnina Ivan Putrashyk Julia Raiskaya Yuri Rozhkov Olga Rozhkova Marina Rudenko Irina Rybnikova Svetlana Rykova Miroslava Sahnevich Alexander Samoylov Valeri Sanko Inna Sapelnikova Sergei Sazonov Zoya Selyunina Ksenia Shalaeva Maksim Shashkov Anatoliy Shcherbakov Vasyl Shevchyk Sergej Shubin Elena Shujskaja Rustam Sibgatullin Natalia Sikkila Elena Sitnikova Andrei Sivkov Nataliya Skok Svetlana Skorokhodova Elena Smirnova Galina Sokolova Vladimir Sopin Yurii Spasovski Sergei Stepanov Vitalіy Stratiy Violetta Strekalovskaya Alexander Sukhov Guzalya Suleymanova Lilija Sultangareeva Viktorija Teleganova Viktor Teplov Valentina Teplova Tatiana Tertitsa Vladislav Timoshkin Dmitry Tirski Andrej Tolmachev Aleksey Tomilin Ludmila Tselishcheva Mirabdulla Turgunov Yurij Tyukh Van Vladimir Elena Vargot Aleksander Vasin Aleksandra Vasina Anatoliy Vekliuk Lidia Vetchinnikova Vladislav Vinogradov Nikolay Volodchenkov Inna Voloshina Tura Xoliqov Eugenia Yablonovska-Grishchenko Vladimir Yakovlev Marina Yakovleva Oksana Yantser Yurij Yarema Andrey Zahvatov Valery Zakharov Nicolay Zelenetskiy Anatolii Zheltukhin Tatyana Zubina Juri Kurhinen

Sci Data 2020 Feb 11;7(1):47. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

University of Helsinki, PO BOX 65, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

We present an extensive, large-scale, long-term and multitaxon database on phenological and climatic variation, involving 506,186 observation dates acquired in 471 localities in Russian Federation, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Belarus and Kyrgyzstan. The data cover the period 1890-2018, with 96% of the data being from 1960 onwards. The database is rich in plants, birds and climatic events, but also includes insects, amphibians, reptiles and fungi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-0376-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7012846PMC
February 2020

Genetic structure of important resident brown trout breeding lines in Poland.

J Appl Genet 2020 May 10;61(2):239-247. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

National Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Department of Fisheries Resources, Kołłątaja 1, 81-332, Gdynia, Poland.

The history of brown trout Salmo trutta L. stocking has long tradition in the European Union and other countries. Hundreds of hatchery facilities on continent have artificial broodstocks used for enhancement of neighbouring and also geographically far river basins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13353-020-00548-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7148263PMC

Patterns of cardiovascular disease in the carpathian region

Wiad Lek 2019 Oct;72(10):1966-1973

Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine,

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases remain a problem of the modern medical community. Mortality from cardiovascular disease is at the forefront in the structure of the causes of mortality, so active support for the prevention and treatment of this group of diseases is the most effective measure as it will affect the continuation of life expectancy. The aim: To analyze features and patterns of cardiovascular disease in the Carpathian region. Read More

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October 2019

A chronology of landsliding based on archaeological and documentary data: Pavlovské vrchy Hills, Western Carpathian Flysch Belt.

Sci Rep 2020 01 22;10(1):976. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 267/2, 611 37, Brno, Czech Republic.

Pavlovské vrchy Hills represent a distinctive elevation near the Czech-Austrian border where the active, dormant and relict landslides cover 12% of the area. Here we focused on the chronology of landsliding in this area using geological, archaeological and historical evidence. The earliest records of landsliding were determined in locations underlying the dated archaeological settlements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-57551-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6976595PMC
January 2020

Genetic insights into the social organisation of the Avar period elite in the 7th century AD Carpathian Basin.

Sci Rep 2020 01 22;10(1):948. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Institute of Archaeology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Hungarian Academy of Sciences Centre of Excellence, 1097, Budapest, Hungary.

After 568 AD the Avars settled in the Carpathian Basin and founded the Avar Qaganate that was an important power in Central Europe until the 9th century. Part of the Avar society was probably of Asian origin; however, the localisation of their homeland is hampered by the scarcity of historical and archaeological data. Here, we study mitogenome and Y chromosomal variability of twenty-six individuals, a number of them representing a well-characterised elite group buried at the centre of the Carpathian Basin more than a century after the Avar conquest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-57378-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6976699PMC
January 2020

Subterranean Deuteraphorura Absolon, 1901, (Hexapoda, Collembola) of the Western Carpathians - Troglomorphy at the northern distributional limit in Europe.

PLoS One 2020 15;15(1):e0226966. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Department of Zoology, Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, P.J. Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia.

An integrative approach employing molecular, morphological and geographical data were applied to species delimitation among Deuteraphorura congeners occupying caves of the Western Carpathian Mts. A new species of Deuteraphorura from the Western Carpathians is described. D. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0226966PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6961878PMC

Genome-wide profiles indicate wolf population connectivity within the eastern Carpathian Mountains.

Genetica 2020 Feb 23;148(1):33-39. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

The Carpathian Mountains provide critical wildlife habitat in central Europe, and previous genome-wide studies have found western Carpathian Mountain wolves (Canis lupus) to be a separate population. Whereas differentiation to the north may be explained by a lowland-mountain transition and habitat fragmentation, the eastern Carpathian Mountains extending through Romania appear to offer continuous wildlife habitat southward. Our objective was to assess gene flow patterns and population connectivity among wolves in Romania, western Ukraine, and the Republic of Moldova. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10709-019-00083-1DOI Listing
February 2020

The potential impact of climate change on the seasonality of , the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in the East Mediterranean region.

Int J Environ Health Res 2019 Dec 20:1-19. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

is one of the most important vectors of visceral leishmaniasis in Southeast Europe and Asia Minor. It was aimed to study the impact of climate change on the seasonality and the range of the species for 2014-2060. In the inland areas of Asia Minor, the Balkan Peninsula and the Carpathian Basin the elongation of the activity season will reach or exceed the two months in the middle of the 21st century compared to the end of the 20th century. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2019.1702150DOI Listing
December 2019

Dynamic range expansion leads to establishment of a new, genetically distinct wolf population in Central Europe.

Sci Rep 2019 12 12;9(1):19003. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Institute of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Pawińskiego 5a, 02-106, Warsaw, Poland.

Local extinction and recolonization events can shape genetic structure of subdivided animal populations. The gray wolf (Canis lupus) was extirpated from most of Europe, but recently recolonized big part of its historical range. An exceptionally dynamic expansion of wolf population is observed in the western part of the Great European Plain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55273-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6908625PMC
December 2019

Wolf diet and prey selection in the South-Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Romania.

PLoS One 2019 21;14(11):e0225424. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Systems Ecology and Sustainability, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania.

The Romanian wolf population, one of the largest in Europe, occupies a total home-range of 154500 km2 and is spread across a variety of landscapes-from anthropized hills and plateaus to remote, densely forested mountains. However, this population is markedly understudied, and even basic knowledge of the species' feeding habits is deficient. Wolf diet was assessed based on 236 scat samples collected between November 2013 and October 2014, by following pre-established transects (total length = 774 km). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0225424PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6874069PMC

In Vivo Characterization of Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus in Bank Voles ().

Viruses 2019 11 15;11(11). Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald - Insel Riems, Germany.

Tick-borne encephalitis is the most important tick-transmitted zoonotic virus infection in Eurasia, causing severe neurological symptoms in humans. The causative agent, the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), circulates between ticks and a variety of mammalian hosts. To study the interaction between TBEV and one of its suspected reservoir hosts, bank voles of the Western evolutionary lineage were inoculated subcutaneously with either one of eight TBEV strains or the related attenuated Langat virus, and were euthanized after 28 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11111069DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6893798PMC
November 2019

Y-chromosome haplogroups from Hun, Avar and conquering Hungarian period nomadic people of the Carpathian Basin.

Sci Rep 2019 11 12;9(1):16569. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Department of Genetics, University of Szeged, Szeged, H-6726, Hungary.

Hun, Avar and conquering Hungarian nomadic groups arrived to the Carpathian Basin from the Eurasian Steppes and significantly influenced its political and ethnical landscape, however their origin remains largely unknown. In order to shed light on the genetic affinity of above groups we have determined Y chromosomal haplogroups and autosomal loci, suitable to predict biogeographic ancestry, from 49 individuals, supposed to represent the power/military elit. Haplogroups from the Hun-age are consistent with Xiongnu ancestry of European Huns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53105-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6851379PMC
November 2019

Taxonomy and distribution of pimpline parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) in Ukraine.

Authors:
Oleksandr Varga

Zootaxa 2019 Nov 5;4693(1):zootaxa.4693.1.1. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, NAS of Ukraine, Vul. B. Khmelnytskogo 15, Kyiv 01030, Ukraine.

Data on the ichneumonid parasitoid wasps of the subfamily Pimplinae from Ukraine are summarized. The fauna of the Ukrainian pimplines numbers 35 genera and 146 species equivalent to almost 63% of European fauna. Twenty-four species are recorded from Ukraine for the first time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4693.1.1DOI Listing
November 2019

Contributions to the taxonomy, identification, and biogeography of the Western Palaearctic species of Campoletis Förster (Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae).

Authors:
Zoltán Vas

Zootaxa 2019 Mar 11;4565(3):zootaxa.4565.3.4. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Hungarian Natural History Museum, Department of Zoology, Hymenoptera Collection, H-1088 Budapest, Baross u. 13., Hungary..

Two new species of Campoletis Förster (Ichneumonidae: Campopleginae) are described: Campoletis katalinarum sp. nov. from Georgia and Turkey, and Campoletis margaritae sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4565.3.4DOI Listing

Is Betula carpatica genetically distinctive? A morphometric, cytometric and molecular study of birches in the Bohemian Massif with a focus on Carpathian birch.

PLoS One 2019 31;14(10):e0224387. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Until recently, Czech taxonomists often treated Betula carpatica as a distinct species. Several morphological traits for distinguishing B. carpatica from B. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0224387PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822711PMC

High accuracy of color-generating nanoarchitectures is kept in lowland and mountainous populations of Polyommatus dorylas (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Polyommatinae).

Arthropod Struct Dev 2019 Nov 26;53:100887. Epub 2019 Oct 26.

Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Science, Centre for Energy Research, P.O. Box 49, Budapest, H-1525, Hungary.

It is known that the size of the scales covering the surface of the Lepidoptera wings is in correlation with body size: larger species possess larger scales. However, butterfly individuals representing the various generations of the same species but differing in body size were not investigated in this respect. Similarly, the question whether different scale size may influence structural color generation based on nanoarchitectures in the scale lumen was never addressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asd.2019.100887DOI Listing
November 2019

Diversification and independent polyploid origins in the disjunct species Alyssum repens from the Southeastern Alps and the Carpathians.

Am J Bot 2019 11 22;106(11):1499-1518. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

Institute of Botany, Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, SK-845 23, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Premise: Disjunct distributions have been commonly observed in mountain plant species and have stimulated phylogeographic and phylogenetic research. Here we studied Alyssum repens, a member of the polyploid species complex A. montanum-A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1370DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Massive introgression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes in newt hybrid zones.

Mol Ecol 2019 11 21;28(21):4798-4810. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Institute of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.

Variation in the vertebrate major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes is crucial for fighting pathogen assault. Because new alleles confer a selective advantage, MHC should readily introgress between species, even under limited hybridization. Using replicated transects through two hybrid zones between strongly reproductively isolated European newts, Lissotriton montandoni and L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mec.15254DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Effect of Milk Intake, Its Composition, and Fatty Acid Profile Distribution on Live Weight of Suckling Wallachian Lambs until Their Weaning.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Sep 24;9(10). Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 16500 Prague-Suchdol, Czech Republic.

This study determined effects of milk production, milk components, or fatty acids (FA) profile on live weight of suckling lambs till their weaning. Live weight (LW, kg) of 42 purebred Wallachian lambs (from 33 ewes) was recorded during four control days with approximately 30-day intervals during rearing. At the same time, their mothers were examined for milk production (kg), milk fat (g), proteins (g), lactose (g), and fatty acids (%) contents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9100718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6826632PMC
September 2019

Governing Tripolye: Integrative architecture in Tripolye settlements.

PLoS One 2019 25;14(9):e0222243. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Institute for Pre- and Protohistory, Kiel University, Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

Recently, high-resolution magnetometry surveys have led to the discovery of a special category of buildings-so-called 'mega-structures'-situated in highly visible positions in the public space of Tripolye giant-settlements of the late 5th and first half of the 4th millennium BCE. In this paper we explore what these buildings actually are and how they can contribute to the understanding of the development of social space in Tripolye giant-settlements. For this investigation, we linked newly obtained excavation data from the giant-settlement Maidanetske, Ukraine, with a much larger sample of such buildings from magnetic plans obtained in the region between the Carpathian foothills and the Dnieper River. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0222243PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6760824PMC

Osteoarcheological and biomolecular evidence of leprosy from an 11-13 century CE Muslim cemetery in Europe (Orosháza, Southeast Hungary).

Homo 2019 Oct;70(2):105-118

Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Orosháza site no. 10 (Southeast Hungary) contains the partially excavated archaeological remains of an 11-13 century CE Muslim merchant village and its cemetery located in close proximity to Christian villages of the same era. The skeleton of a young woman (grave no. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/homo/2019/1071DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Genomic data provide new insights on the demographic history and the extent of recent material transfers in Norway spruce.

Evol Appl 2019 Sep 30;12(8):1539-1551. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Ecology and Genetics, Evolutionary Biology Centre Uppsala University Uppsala Sweden.

Primeval forests are today exceedingly rare in Europe, and transfer of forest reproductive material for afforestation and improvement has been very common, especially over the last two centuries. This can be a serious impediment when inferring past population movements in response to past climate changes such as the last glacial maximum (LGM), some 18,000 years ago. In the present study, we genotyped 1,672 individuals from three species (, , and ) at 400K SNPs using exome capture to infer the past demographic history of Norway spruce () and estimate the amount of recent introduction used to establish the Norway spruce breeding program in southern Sweden. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/eva.12801
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12801DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6708423PMC
September 2019
3 Reads

Effect of planting alien Robinia pseudoacacia trees on homogenization of Central European forest vegetation.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Oct 12;687:1164-1175. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Institute of Botany, Plant Science and Biodiversity Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovakia.

Biological homogenization is a process of biodiversity loss driven by the introduction and invasion of widespread species and the extinction of specialized, endemic species. This process has accelerated in recent years due to intensive human activities. We focused our study on large areas of forest vegetation that have not yet been intensively studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.043DOI Listing
October 2019

Stand inventory data from the 10-ha forest research plot in Uholka: 15 yr of primeval beech forest development.

Ecology 2019 Nov 22;100(11):e02845. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Forest Resources and Management, Swiss Federal Research Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Zürcherstrasse 111, 8903, Birmensdorf, Switzerland.

Forests dominated by European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) are among both the most widespread in Europe and the most intensely exploited globally. One of the largest remnants of unmanaged beech forests in Europe is the Uholka-Shyrokyi Luh forest in Transcarpathia, Ukraine, covering 8,800 ha of primeval forest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2845DOI Listing
November 2019
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Phylogeography of Puumala orthohantavirus in Europe.

Viruses 2019 07 24;11(8). Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Department of Virology, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Puumala virus is an RNA virus hosted by the bank vole and is today present in most European countries. Whilst it is generally accepted that hantaviruses have been tightly co-evolving with their hosts, Puumala virus (PUUV) evolutionary history is still controversial and so far has not been studied at the whole European level. This study attempts to reconstruct the phylogeographical spread of modern PUUV throughout Europe during the last postglacial period in the light of an upgraded dataset of complete PUUV small (S) segment sequences and by using most recent computational approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11080679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6723369PMC
July 2019
3 Reads
3.279 Impact Factor

Toxoplasma gondii in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) from Romania: what is the importance for public health?

Parasitol Res 2019 Sep 15;118(9):2695-2703. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Mănăştur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

The purpose of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in autochthonous Carpathian buffaloes from northwestern Romania by serology, PCR techniques, and mouse bioassay. Agreement between MAT and ELISA, correlation between indirect and direct detection methods, and risk factors were evaluated. The apparent overall seroprevalence of T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-019-06396-6DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Litho- and biostratigraphic data of lower-middle Miocene sections in the Transylvanian basin and SE Carpathian Foredeep (Romania).

Data Brief 2019 Jun 17;24:103904. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Paleomagnetic Laboratory Fort Hoofddijk, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Litho- and biostratigraphic data are provided of 5 stratigraphic sections in Romania covering the "Badenian" marine flooding that occurred in the Central Paratethys during the middle Miocene (Langhian). The dataset includes stratigraphic logs and descriptions of the profiles, and biostratigraphic analyses on calcareous nannofossils and foraminifera. In addition, characteristic stratigraphic features and representative fossils, including tiny foraminifera in the Campiniţa section in the SE Carpathian Foredeep, are presented in photographs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2019.103904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6525294PMC
June 2019
1 Read

The climatic drivers of primary Picea forest growth along the Carpathian arc are changing under rising temperatures.

Glob Chang Biol 2019 09 7;25(9):3136-3150. Epub 2019 Jul 7.

Department of Forest Ecology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Climatic constraints on tree growth mediate an important link between terrestrial and atmospheric carbon pools. Tree rings provide valuable information on climate-driven growth patterns, but existing data tend to be biased toward older trees on climatically extreme sites. Understanding climate change responses of biogeographic regions requires data that integrate spatial variability in growing conditions and forest structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14721DOI Listing
September 2019

Assessing Understory Complexity in Beech-dominated Forests ( L.) in Central Europe-From Managed to Primary Forests.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 9;19(7). Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Faculty of Forest Sciences, Silviculture and Forest Ecology of the temperate Zones, University of Göttingen, Büsgenweg 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.

Understory vegetation influences several ecosystem services and functions of European beech ( L.) forests. Despite this knowledge on the importance of understory vegetation, it is still difficult to measure its three-dimensional characteristics in a quantitative manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19071684DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6480241PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Total mercury, chromium, nickel and other trace chemical element contents in soils at an old cinnabar mine site (Merník, Slovakia): anthropogenic versus natural sources of soil contamination.

Environ Monit Assess 2019 Apr 5;191(5):263. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

GEOtest, a.s., Šmahova 1244/112, 627 00, Brno, Czech Republic.

The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence and distribution of total mercury (Hg) and other trace elements of environmental concern, such as arsenic (As), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn) and vanadium (V), in soils from the abandoned Merník cinnabar mine in eastern Slovakia. For this purpose, thirty soil samples from two depth intervals within the mine area (n = 60 soil samples) and additional sixteen soil samples from adjacent areas (n = 25 soil samples) were collected. Total Hg was measured by atomic absorption spectrometry, while As and other metals were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7391-6DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Stable H and O isotope-based investigation of moisture sources and their role in river and groundwater recharge in the NE Carpathian Mountains, East-Central Europe .

Isotopes Environ Health Stud 2019 May 19;55(2):161-178. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

b Department of Geography , Ștefan cel Mare University of Suceava , Suceava , Romania.

The region situated between the mountain area and the lowlands in NE Romania (East-Central Europe) is experiencing increased competition for water resources triggered by a growing population, intensification of agriculture, and industrial development. To better understand hydrological cycling processes in the region, a study was conducted using stable isotopes of water and atmospheric trajectory data to characterize regional precipitation and vapour sources derived from the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean and Black Seas, as well as recycled continental moisture, and to assess and partition these contributions to recharge of surface and groundwater. Atmospheric moisture in the lowlands is found to be predominantly delivered along easterly trajectories, while mountainous areas appear to be dominated by North Atlantic Ocean sources, with moisture transported along mid-latitude, westerly storm tracks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10256016.2019.1588895DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Alkaline soda Lake Velika Rusanda (Serbia): the first insight into diatom diversity of this extreme saline lake.

Extremophiles 2019 May 19;23(3):347-357. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Njegoševa 12, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia.

Alkaline soda lakes are unique habitats found in specific geographic regions, usually with dry climate. The Carpathian Basin is one of those regions very important for habitat and biodiversity conservation in Europe, with natural soda lakes found in Austria, Hungary and Serbia. In comparison to other two countries from Central Europe, algal biodiversity studies of saline soda lakes in Serbia are scarce. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00792-019-01088-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00792-019-01088-6DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Genetic differentiation and asymmetric gene flow among Carpathian brown bear () populations-Implications for conservation of transboundary populations.

Ecol Evol 2019 Feb 23;9(3):1501-1511. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Institute of Biology University of Bialystok Białystok Poland.

The abundance and distribution of large carnivores in Europe have been historically reduced. Their recovery requires multilevel coordination, especially regarding transboundary populations. Here, we apply nuclear and mitochondrial genetic markers to test for admixture level and its impact on population genetic structure of contemporary brown bears () from the Eastern, Southern, and Western Carpathians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374679PMC
February 2019

Alcohol Consumption and Risky Drinking Patterns among College Students from Selected Countries of the Carpathian Euroregion.

Biomed Res Int 2018 20;2018:6084541. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Physical Education, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland.

Reduction of excessive alcohol consumption still remains a significant challenge to the actions in the scope of public health of European citizens. The aim of this study is to present the prevalence of alcohol consumption and to estimate the occurrence of risky drinking among college students from the Polish, Slovak, Romanian, and Ukrainian parts of the Carpathian Euroregion, taking social contexts into account. The consumption of alcohol was estimated on the basis of the respondents' statements regarding the quantity and frequency of their consumption of beer, wine, and vodka. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6084541DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317088PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Autopolyploid lineage shows climatic niche expansion but not divergence in Arabidopsis arenosa.

Am J Bot 2019 01 4;106(1):61-70. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

Premise Of The Study: Successful establishment of neopolyploids, and therefore polyploid speciation, is thought to be contingent on environmental niche shifts from their progenitors. We explore this niche shift hypothesis in the obligate outcrosser Arabidopsis arenosa complex, which includes diploid and recently formed autotetraploid populations.

Methods: To characterize the climatic niches for both cytotypes in Arabidopsis arenosa, we first gathered climatic data from localities with known ploidy types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1212DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Greater Alpine river network evolution, interpretations based on novel drainage analysis.

Swiss J Geosci 2019 22;112(1):3-22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Geological Institute, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.

The Central European drainage system is dominated by four major rivers (the Danube, Rhine, Rhône and Po). The geometry of these drainage basins has evolved through the history of Alpine and Carpathian orogeny. Analysis of the modern river geometry reveals the geometric stability or instability of the drainage network and enables interpretation of the erosion and exhumation pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00015-018-0332-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7081830PMC
November 2018

Evaluating the applicability of MESS (matrix exponential spatial specification) model to assess water quality using GIS technique in agricultural mountain catchment (Western Carpathian).

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Dec 21;191(1):26. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

University of Agriculture in Krakow, Kraków, Poland.

The formation of many sources of pollution in a short period of time is due to mountain soil erosion by water. One of the major mechanisms decisive in the intensification of such erosion is the loosening of soil material on the slope. Water quality studies show the impact of diversified spatial management and allow making the right decisions in environmental management in mountain areas with high variability of use and land cover. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-7137-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302058PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Two new genera of hard ticks, Robertsicus n. gen. and Archaeocroton n. gen., and the solution to the mystery of Hoogstraal's and Kaufman's "primitive" tick from the Carpathian Mountains.

Zootaxa 2018 Oct 18;4500(4):543-552. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Parasitology, School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, 4072, Australia..

We establish two new monotypic genera, Robertsicus n. gen. and Archaeocroton n. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4500.4.4DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Genetic constraints of population expansion of the Carpathian lynx at the western edge of its native distribution range in Central Europe.

Heredity (Edinb) 2019 06 23;122(6):785-799. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Institute of Vertebrate Biology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Květná 8, 603 65, Brno, Czech Republic.

Even though populations of many large carnivores are expanding throughout Europe, the Eurasian lynx population in the Western Carpathians seems unable to spread beyond the western boundaries of its current distributional range. Many factors, both extrinsic and intrinsic, can influence the potential for range expansion: landscape fragmentation, natal philopatry, low natural fecundity and high mortality, and low and sex-biased dispersal rates. In this study we used non-invasive genetic sampling to determine population size fluctuation, sub-structuring and social organisation of the peripheral lynx population at the Czech-Slovak border. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41437-018-0167-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6781145PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Identification of microplastics in fish ponds and natural freshwater environments of the Carpathian basin, Europe.

Chemosphere 2019 Feb 19;216:110-116. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Institute of Aquaculture and Environmental Safety, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Science, Szent István University, 1. Páter Károly st., Gödöllő, 2100, Hungary.

In the past few years, there has been a significant development in freshwater microplastic research. Pollution has been detected in lakes and rivers of several continents, but the number of papers is still marginal compared to the ones investigating marine environments. In this study, we present the first detection of microplastics (MPs) in Central and Eastern European (CEE) surface waters and, globally, the first detection in fish ponds. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00456535183197
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.10.110DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads