2,467 results match your criteria Carotid-Cavernous Fistula


Primary Intraventricular Hemorrhage Isolated in Cerebral Aqueduct Secondary to Dural Arteriovenous Fistula.

J Vasc Interv Neurol 2018 Nov;10(2):59-61

Department of Neurology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Objective: We report a case of dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) presenting as isolated cerebral aqueduct hemorrhage.

Result: A 73-year-old man with a history of hypertension and chronic alcoholism presented with altered mental status and gait difficulties, bilateral fronto-occipital headaches, and intermittent dizziness. He had bilateral upward gaze restriction. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350861PMC
November 2018

Endovascular Treatment in Traumatic and Spontaneous Carotid Cavernous Fistulas: with Different Embolization Agents and via Various Vascular Routes.

J Vasc Interv Neurol 2018 Nov;10(2):18-24

Zafertepe District, Dogal Street, Kutahya, Turkey.

Purpose: We evaluated carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) cases which were treated with various vascular routes and different embolization agents. Our aim was to present endovascular treatment procedures, clinical and radiological findings, and to discuss the safety and clinical efficacy of the treatment.

Materials And Methods: The demographic information, presenting symptoms and clinical findings of 25 CCF cases in 23 patients treated with endovascular route were reviewed. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350871PMC
November 2018

Carotid-cavernous fistula(CCF) presenting as paroxysmal painful ophthalmoplegia.

BMC Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 11;19(1):48. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Neurology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, No 324, Jingwu Road, Huaiyin Zone, Jinan, Shandong Province, 250012, People's Republic of China.

Background: Painful ophthalmoplegia can be caused by various etiologies, and broad differential diagnosis is needed. Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is a rare cause of painful ophthalmoplegia, and early diagnosis is quite difficult.

Case Presentation: Here, we present a case of paroxysmal painful ophthalmoplegia caused by CCF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1039-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Isolated third nerve palsy with pupillary involvement resulting from carotid-cavernous sinus fistula: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14472

Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei City Hospital, Renai Branch, Taipei, Taiwan.

Rationale: Isolated third nerve palsy with pupillary involvement caused by a posterior drainage carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF) is relatively rare. Diagnosis of a posterior drainage CCF can often be delayed due to its unapparent congestive signs.

Patient Concerns: Here, we present the case of a young male patient with right-sided CCF, who presented with right-side headache and partial third nerve palsy with pupillary involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014472DOI Listing
February 2019

[Carotid cavernous fistula with bilateral eye disorders].

Medicina (B Aires) 2019 ;79(1):74

Departamento de Cirugía, Servicio de Neurocirugía, Faculdade de Ciências Medicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

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January 2019

Objective Assessment of Arterial Steal Phenomenon in Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula Using 2D Parametric Parenchymal Blood Flow Analysis.

Neurointervention 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

The aim of the study is to evaluate the hemodynamic changes and the parenchymal perfusion associated with carotid cavernous fistulas before and after embolization using two-dimensional (2D) parenchymal blood flow analysis. A 15-year-old boy presented with 2-month history of progressive right eye proptosis, chemosis, and diplopia after a motor vehicle accident. Intracranial liquid embolization using Onyx-18 through the inferior petrosal approach was done with balloon protection at the opening of the fistula in the internal carotid artery, resulting in complete occlusion of the fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5469/neuroint.2018.01102DOI Listing
January 2019

A modified endovascular treatment protocol for iatrogenic internal carotid artery injuries following endoscopic endonasal surgery.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

2Neurosurgery, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University.

OBJECTIVEInternal carotid artery (ICA) injuries during endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) are catastrophic complications. Alongside the advancements in medical instrumentation and material, there is a need to modify previous treatment modalities and principles.METHODSA retrospective review of 3658 patients who underwent EES performed at the authors' institution between January 2012 and December 2017 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS181048DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Venous outflow restriction as a predictor of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula obliteration after Gamma Knife surgery.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

2Neurological Institute, Department of Neurosurgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital; and.

OBJECTIVEGamma Knife surgery (GKS) obliterates 65%-87% of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas (CSDAVFs). However, the hemodynamic effect on GKS outcomes is relatively unknown. The authors thus used the classification scheme developed by Suh et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.9.JNS182040DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The Coexistence of Persistent Primitive Trigeminal Artery, Moyamoya Disease, And Multiple Intracranial Aneurysms: A Case Report And Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China. Electronic address:

Background: Persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) is a rare abnormal carotid-basilar anastomosis. In rare circumstances, PPTA could be associated with some cerebrovascular anomalies including arteriovenous malformation, intracranial aneurysm, carotid cavernous fistula, and moyamoya disease (MMD).

Case Description: In this report, we would like to present an extremely rare case with simultaneous occurrence of PPTA, MMD, and multiple intracranial aneurysms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.030DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Ruptured Carotid Cavernous Fistula Presenting with Headache and Raised Intraocular Pressure.

Ophthalmology 2019 Feb;126(2):204

Stein Eye Institute, Division of Orbital and Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01616420183314
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Cervical artery dissection: fibromuscular dysplasia versus vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Blood Press 2019 Jan 9:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

a Division of Cardiology , Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain , Brussels , Belgium.

We report the case of a 42-year-old patient referred for suspicion of fibromuscular dysplasia in the context of a carotid artery dissection occurring after a minor trauma. Initial complaints included left hemicrania, lateral diplopia with left 6 cranial nerve palsy and pulsatile tinnitus. The work-up disclosed a large left carotid-cavernous fistula, as well as more proximal carotid lesions compatible with multifocal fibromuscular dysplasia. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08037051.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08037051.2018.1557507DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

CTA-guided outflow-targeted embolization of direct carotid-cavernous fistula.

Neurosurg Focus 2019 Jan;46(Suppl_1):V11

1Chung Shan Medical University, Institute of Medicine, Taichung.

This video presents a case of new-onset visual blurring, diplopia, and conjunctival injection after head injury. CTA of the brain revealed a direct carotid-cavernous fistula (dCCF) of the right side. Careful evaluation of CTA source images revealed that the fistula point was at the ventromedial aspect of the right cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA), about 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2019.1.FocusVid.18447DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of stereotactic radiosurgery for cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas in a multicenter international consortium.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 4:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

2Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

OBJECTIVEIn this multicenter study, the authors reviewed the results obtained in patients who underwent Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) and determined predictors of outcome.METHODSData from a cohort of 114 patients who underwent GKRS for cerebral dAVFs were compiled from the International Gamma Knife Research Foundation. Favorable outcome was defined as dAVF obliteration and no posttreatment hemorrhage or permanent symptomatic radiation-induced complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS181467DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
3.737 Impact Factor

Bilateral blunt cerebrovascular injury resulting in direct carotid-cavernous fistulae: A case report and review of the literature.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 19;9:229. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Background: Bilateral blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) has been documented in 32 patients in the English-language literature and bilateral carotid-cavernous fistulae (CCFs) have been reported in only 1 patient. Here, we present a case of severe, unexpected bilateral BCVI with bilateral direct CCF and review the literature of BCVI, particularly cases of bilateral injury.

Case Description: A 65-year-old woman with episodic bradycardia presented after a motor vehicle accident. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_210_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262944PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

[Glaucoma due to elevated episcleral venous pressure].

Ophthalmologe 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Klinikum der Universität Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauß-Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Deutschland.

Background: Glaucoma due to elevated episcleral venous pressure is a rare and difficult to treat form of secondary open angle glaucoma.

Objective: The pathophysiology, clinical findings, differential diagnosis and treatment options are discussed. Radius-Maumenee syndrome, Sturge-Weber syndrome and carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas are covered in particular. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00347-018-0828-4DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula Due to Rupture of a Cavernous Carotid Aneurysm Embedded Within a Prolactinoma After Cabergoline Administration.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 19;122:495-499. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Background: A small number of reports have described subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from a ruptured aneurysm embedded within a prolactinoma. To the best of our knowledge, no reports have described an embedded carotid cavernous fistula. We report a patient with carotid cavernous fistula secondary to a ruptured internal carotid artery aneurysm embedded within a prolactinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.071DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Endovascular treatment of carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas: ophthalmic and visual outcomes.

Orbit 2018 Nov 22:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital , Herston , Queensland , Australia.

Purpose: The main objective was to report the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, angiography features, treatment modality and post-treatment outcomes in patients diagnosed with carotid cavernous fistulas (CCF).

Methods: A retrospective review of the medical imaging database in conjunction with medical records from 2004 to 2017 at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) was conducted.We identified 39 patients with CCF (16 direct, 23 indirect). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2018.1544261DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Re: Prediction of traumatic carotid-cavernous sinus fistula via noncontrast computed tomography by fracture pattern and abnormality of venous system.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Dec;85(6):1131

Division of Traumatic Plastic Surgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan Division of Traumatic Plastic Surgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive, Surgery Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan, Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002108DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Coil Embolisation of Post Traumatic Giant Supraclinoid Pseudoaneurysm Presenting as Carotid Cavernous Fistula.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):1244-1246

Department of Neurosurgery, Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

This report documents the occurrence, diagnosis and treatment of a 29 year-old male patient who presented with progressive swelling of the left eye with associated progressive loss of vision, three months after sustaining a closed head injury in a road traffic accident. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large, ill-defined lesion in the left supraclinoid and paraclinoid region with variable contrast enhancement. A four vessel Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) showed a large, supra-clinoid pseudoaneurysm which had ruptured inferiorly into the roof of cavernous sinus, forming direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) which lead to dilatation of the superior ophthalmic vein and subsequent peri-orbital oedema and chemosis of conjunctiva. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_161_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208227PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

[Treatment of a Traumatic Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula with an Intradural Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm Using a Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support(LVIS)Stent:A Case Report].

No Shinkei Geka 2018 Nov;46(11):989-997

Department of Neurosurgery, Higashihiroshima Medical Center.

Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula(CCF)is known to present a direct connection between the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery(ICA)and the cavernous sinus(CS). In rare cases, the fistula is formed between the intradural internal carotid artery(ICA)and the cavernous sinus(CS)via a pseudoaneurysm(pAN), requiring appropriate management and aggressive surgical treatment. We describe a 58-year-old man who sustained a severe head injury diagnosed as traumatic CCF treated with an intradural pAN procedure and transarterial coil embolization combined with a Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support(LVIS)stent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203853DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Swollen and bloodshot eye following headache.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 7;37(2):378.e7-378.e9. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

A ruptured cavernous carotid aneurysm (CCA) with carotid cavernous fistula can appear as a benign headache but progress to a swollen and bloodshot eye overnight. A 66-year-old woman visited emergency department with sudden onset of pain behind her left forehead and vomiting. She was treated for a migraine-like headache and discharged. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07356757183091
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.11.008DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Superior and Inferior Ophthalmic Vein Thrombosis in the Setting of Lung Cancer.

Case Rep Oncol Med 2018 15;2018:6025274. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Einstein Medical Center Philadelphia, Philadelphia, USA.

Superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis is extremely rare and is often associated with orbital inflammation/infection, systemic/local tumors, hypercoagulable states, autoimmune conditions, and rarely carotid cavernous fistula. Clinical features include abrupt onset of painful proptosis, chemosis, ophthalmoplegia, and diminished visual acuity. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent permanent blindness. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crionm/2018/6025274/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6025274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205109PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

[The diagnosis and treatment of traumatic optic nerve neuropathy combined with carotid artery injury].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct;98(39):3183-3186

To discuss the diagnosis and treatment strategy of traumatic optic nerve neuropathy (TON) combined with carotid artery injury. Retrospective analyses were performed 397 cases of TON at Neurosurgery department of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University (CMU), from January 2016 to December 2017.The clinical experience was concluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.39.011DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Selective Shunt Occlusion of Direct Carotid-Cavernous Fistula with Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome by Multidevice Technique: A Case Report and Technical Note.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 2;122:123-128. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a vascular disease associated with a genetic collagen abnormality. It is characterized by vessel fragility, vessel rupture, and massive hemorrhage. Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is the most frequent neurovascular complication of vEDS. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183245
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.158DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Treatment of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas with flow diversion - does it work?

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Oct 31:1591019918808468. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Duke University Medical Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Durham, USA.

Direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are high flow lesions that can be challenging to treat. A number of recent reports suggest that flow diversion may be a viable treatment option. We present a case of a post-traumatic CCF successfully treated with flow diversion and provide a review of the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918808468DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Prediction of Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Sinus Fistula via Non-Contrast CT by Fracture Pattern and Abnormality of Venous System.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung 204, Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000002108DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Application of the Willis Covered Stent in the Treatment of Carotid-Cavernous Fistula: A Single-Center Experience.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 21;122:e390-e398. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: The purpose of the present study was to describe our single-institutional experience of treating direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (DCCFs) with Willis covered stents (WCSs).

Methods: Of a total of 31 DCCFs, 10 were treated with WCSs (Microport, Shanghai, China) at West China Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. The indications for treatment, perioperative findings, and postoperative and follow-up results were collected and analyzed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.060DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

Delayed intranasal coil extrusion after internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm embolization.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Oct 9:1591019918805151. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

2 Neurosurgery Department, UH St Ivan Rilski, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Internal carotid artery (ICA) injury is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of skull base and neck surgery. Although usually manifested by massive intraoperative haemorrhage, impairment of the ICA might go unnoticed and result in formation of a pseudoaneurysm, causing delayed bleeding. Often additional complications are observed such as thrombosis, spasm, embolism or carotico-cavernous fistula formation. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1591019918805151
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918805151DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Nonmissile Anterior Skull-Base Penetrating Brain Injury: Experience with 22 Patients.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):742-748

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Background: Nonmissile anterior skull-base penetrating brain injuries (NASBPBIs) have specific characteristic features that are different from missile injuries. Our study presents our experiences on the characteristic features as well as management of NASBPBI.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 22 consecutive patients with NASBPBI managed at our institute during a 13-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_36_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159019PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Endovascular Treatment of Vertebral-Venous Fistula with Flow-Diverting Stent.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 28;121:33-36. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Background: Vertebral-venous fistulas (VVFs) are a rare vascular condition and are commonly associated with trauma but may also be idiopathic, spontaneous, or congenital. A current literature review reveals there is no level 1 evidence or established guidelines on optimal treatment for VVF. Diagnosis is often confirmed by catheter cerebral angiogram. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183221
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.168DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Spontaneous resolution of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas: case series and literature review.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Sep 23:1591019918800220. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

3 Department of Radiology, Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Spontaneous regression of direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) is extremely rare. Most of the patients with direct CCFs are usually treated using endovascular techniques. Spontaneous obliteration of the direct fistulas probably results from thrombosis of the venous drainage and/or cavernous sinus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918800220DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Red Flags in the Assessment of Adult Ophthalmoplegia.

J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil 2018 Jan-Mar;68(1):20-23. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

a Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences , University of Minnesota , Minneapolis , Minnesota.

Acquired ophthalmoplegia can represent a harbinger of vision and life-threatening disease. Recognition of select clinical "red flags" on history or examination can facilitate early diagnosis. This article reviews relevant clinical pearls for the detection of dire causes of acquired ophthalmoplegia in adults including myasthenia gravis, carotid cavernous fistula, giant cell arteritis, and thiamine deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2576117X.2017.1420134DOI Listing
January 2018
2 Reads

Acquired Ophthalmoplegia in Older Children and Adults.

Authors:
Gill Roper-Hall

J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil 2018 Jan-Mar;68(1):10-19. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Saint Louis University Medical Center , St. Louis , Missouri.

Ophthalmoplegia or ophthalmoparesis are the terms given to paralysis or paresis of one or more of the extraocular muscles in one or both eyes. It may be representative of serious neurological or systemic disease. Other mechanisms may cause limitation of eye movement, including restrictive or myasthenic conditions, or combinations of several etiologies. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2576117X.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2576117X.2017.1421820DOI Listing
February 2018
3 Reads

A red eye induced by a spontaneous carotid cavernous fistula.

Authors:
Yu Xia

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 21;36(12):2336.e1-2336.e2. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Aerospace General Hospital, 7 Wanyuan North Road, Fengtai District, Beijing 100076, China. Electronic address:

A 73-year-old woman initially presented to our ophthalmology department with complaint of a red eye with gradual proptosis and mild restricted movement of the right eye who was misdiagnosed with conjunctivitis during 2 months. One week later she returned to the emergency department with a painful, swollen right eye and a high intraocular pressure of 41 mm Hg and limitation of her extraocular muscles in nearly all fields of gaze. As her IOP was high, she was diagnosed as having secondary glaucoma and was prescribed timolol 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.08.055DOI Listing
December 2018
26 Reads

Persistent isolated abducens nerve palsy in a successfully embolized low-flow carotid cavernous fistula.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 31. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13384DOI Listing
August 2018
16 Reads
1.953 Impact Factor

The routes for embolization of dural carotid cavernous fistulas when the endovascular approach is indicated as a first-line strategy.

Interv Neuroradiol 2018 Aug 30:1591019918796493. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

1 Division of Interventional Neuroradiology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction Multiple ways to access the dural carotid cavernous fistula have been described. The aim of the present study was to assess the results of embolization of a dural carotid cavernous fistula via different routes using endovascular accesses as a first-line strategy. Methods A retrospective data analysis of a consecutive series of 63 patients presenting with dural carotid cavernous fistula was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019918796493DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Optic Nerve Sheath Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Mimicking Carotid Cavernous Fistula.

Eur Neurol 2018 8;80(1-2):17-18. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Neurology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492062DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Post-traumatic right carotid-cavernous fistula resulting in symptoms in the contralateral eye: a case report and literature review.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Jul 25;18(1):183. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, 613 West Huangpu Ave, Guangzhou, 510632, China.

Background: To report a case of a carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) that occurred after a motor vehicle accident and review the uniqueness of this case and the main confusing points for the diagnosis of such cases.

Case Presentation: A 22-year-old man complained of left eyelid swelling, eye redness, visual decrease and occasional headache after motor vehicle accident 4 months prior during which he experienced a head injury. He was initially thought to have glaucoma, but he was finally diagnosed with a right CCF based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0863-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060543PMC
July 2018
1 Read
1.075 Impact Factor

The Case of IgG4-Related Ophthalmic Disease with Perivascular Lesions of Superior Ophthalmic Vein Associated with Optic Nerve Disturbance.

Neuroophthalmology 2018 Aug 3;42(4):251-255. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.

A 61-year-old man with hyperthyroidism had exophthalmos with dilated conjunctival vessels in both eyes. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the superior ophthalmic veins had a funicular-like appearance. Cerebral angiography showed no blood flow from both internal carotid arteries to the cavernous sinus, thus excluding a carotid-cavernous fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01658107.2017.1394328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6056214PMC
August 2018
1 Read

A rare case of bilateral spontaneous indirect caroticocavernous fistula treated previously as a case of conjunctivitis.

Ther Adv Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Dec;10:2515841418788303. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

North Devon District Hospital, Barnstaple, UK.

Carotid cavernous fistula is an abnormal communication between the carotid arterial system and the cavernous sinus. We present an interesting, rare case of bilateral spontaneous 'Barrow type- C' fistula treated presumptively as conjunctivitis. A 66 year old patient presented in the eye casualty at North Devon District Hospital in January 2016, referred from her General practitioner complaining of bilateral red eyes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2515841418788303DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6050812PMC
July 2018
7 Reads

The oculomotor-tentorial triangle. Part 2: a microsurgical workspace for vascular lesions in the crural and ambient cisterns.

J Neurosurg 2018 Jun 1:1-11. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

OBJECTIVEPathology in the region of the basilar quadrifurcation, anterolateral midbrain, medial tentorium, and interpeduncular and ambient cisterns may be accessed anteriorly via an orbitozygomatic (OZ) craniotomy. In Part 1 of this series, the authors explored the anatomy of the oculomotor-tentorial triangle (OTT). In Part 2, the versatility of the OTT as a surgical workspace for treating vascular pathology is demonstrated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.2.JNS173141DOI Listing
June 2018
10 Reads

An Eye with a Heartbeat: Carotid Cavernous Fistula-a Case Report.

J Emerg Med 2018 09 23;55(3):e75-e76. Epub 2018 Jun 23.

Emergency Department, Mercy Health Partners, Muskegon, Michigan.

Background: A carotid cavernous fistula is a rare type of arteriovenous (AV) fistula due to an abnormal communication between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. Normal venous return to the cavernous sinus is impeded as high-pressure arterial blood enters the cavernous sinus. The classical triad of symptoms is characterized by pulsating exophthalmos, ocular bruit, and conjunctival chemosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.05.015DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Pathophysiology of carotid-cavernous fistulas in vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: a retrospective cohort and comprehensive review.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 Jun 25;13(1):100. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Département de Génétique, Centre de Référence des Maladies Vasculaires Rares, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, AP-HP, 20-40 rue Leblanc, 75908, Paris Cedex 15, France.

Background: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare condition characterized by connective tissue fragility. Direct spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula (sCCF) is reportedly pathognomonic of vEDS. We conducted this study to understand the possible mechanisms of occurrence of sCCF in this subset of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-018-0842-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019721PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Dural arteriovenous fistula in the superior orbital fissure: A case report.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 7;9:95. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are extremely rare in the superior orbital fissure, and they exhibit ocular symptoms similar to the dAVF in the cavernous sinus because of the intraorbital venous congestion. Hence, the distinction of these conditions is imperative because of some inherent differences in endovascular treatment techniques.

Case Description: A 58-year-old woman presented with a gradually worsening left eyeball protrusion and conjunctival congestion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_46_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5961284PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Optic Nerve Sheath Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Misdiagnosed As A Carotid Cavernous Fistula.

Authors:
Elena Downs

J Radiol Case Rep 2018 Feb 28;12(2):1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosciences, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVf) are uncommon, acquired vascular lesions. Their location and vascular anatomy produces varied signs and symptoms and are misdiagnosed as other vascular anomalies. We present an atypical case of a dAVf identified along the left optic nerve sheath. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v12i2.2807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5965282PMC
February 2018

[Injury characteristics and therapeutic strategy of patients injured in "8·8" Jiuzhaigou earthquake].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Mar;32(3):358-362

Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan, 610041, P.R.China.

Objective: To summarize the injury characteristics and therapeutic strategy of patients injured in "8·8" Jiuzhaigou earthquake.

Methods: The clinical data of 48 patients injured in "8·8" Jiuzhaigou earthquake who were admitted to Mianyang Central Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. There were 25 males and 23 females with an average age of 36 years (range, 5-87 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201710077DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Posttraumatic Trigeminal-Cavernous Fistula.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 23;116:152-154. Epub 2018 May 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Persistent trigeminal artery is the most frequent embryonic communication between the vertebrobasilar and carotid systems. To the best of our knowledge, posttraumatic trigeminal-cavernous fistula is rarely reported in the literature.

Case Presentation: We present a 47-year-old man with posttraumatic trigeminal-cavernous fistula, which we treated using Onyx embolization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.079DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor