mBio 2021 02 2;12(1). Epub 2021 Feb 2.
Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
To better understand the antibody landscape changes following influenza virus natural infection and vaccination, we developed a high-throughput multiplex influenza antibody detection assay (MIADA) containing 42 recombinant hemagglutinins (rHAs) (ectodomain and/or globular head domain) from pre-2009 A(H1N1), A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H2N2), A(H3N2), A(H5N1), A(H7N7), A(H7N9), A(H7N2), A(H9N2), A(H13N9), and influenza B viruses. Panels of ferret antisera, 227 paired human sera from vaccinees (children and adults) in 5 influenza seasons (2010 to 2018), and 17 paired human sera collected from real-time reverse transcription-PCR (rRT-PCR)-confirmed influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, influenza A(H3N2), or influenza B virus-infected adults were analyzed by the MIADA. Ferret antisera demonstrated clear strain-specific antibody responses to exposed subtype HA. Read More