Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2017 Oct 24. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
Department of Abdominal Oncology, Cancer Center and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Guoxue Lane No. 37, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.
Background And Aims
: Until now, no study has focused exclusively on low-flow retrobulbar intraconal venous malformations (RIVMs) which may require treatment due to cosmetic defect, pain, and visual dysfunction. The treatment for RIVMs which surround the optic nerve remains challenging. This case series aimed to evaluate the technical feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of percutaneous sclerotherapy with polidocanol for low-flow RIVMs, using local anesthesia. Read More