239 results match your criteria Cardiomyopathy Cocaine


Psoriasis as risk factor for non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy: a population-based cross-sectional study.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Mar 31;21(1):161. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Cardiology, Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune, NJ, USA.

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition commonly associated with psoriatic arthritis, malignancy, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, and cardiovascular disease. Several reports and studies have reported an association between psoriasis and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). We aim to study the relationship between psoriasis and non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy in a large population-based study. Read More

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Cocaine, cardiomyopathy, and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sci Rep 2020 11 13;10(1):19795. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Although the cardiotoxic effects of cocaine are universally recognized, the association between cocaine and cardiomyopathy and/or heart failure is poorly understood. To conduct a comprehensive review and meta-analysis on the association between cocaine, heart failure, and cardiomyopathy, we first conducted a broad-term search in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus for human studies containing primary data on the relationship between cocaine and heart failure or cardiomyopathy. We were interested in studies with data beyond acute coronary syndromes. Read More

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November 2020

Identification and analysis of miRNAs in the normal and fatty liver from the Holstein dairy cow.

Anim Biotechnol 2020 Aug 24:1-12. Epub 2020 Aug 24.

Development Planning Office, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding short RNAs with ∼22 nts in length, which play important roles in the regulation of numerous biological processes in animals. In this study, two small RNA libraries from fatty (S01) and normal livers (S02) from Holstein Dairy Cow (HDC) were sequenced through deep sequencing. A total of 12,964,411 and 15,426,289 clean reads were obtained, representing 370 known and 182 novel miRNAs, respectively. Read More

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The cardiovascular health of prisoners who use cannabis: An exploratory study among hospitalised prisoners.

Therapie 2020 Nov - Dec;75(6):579-589. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Pharmacoepidemiology research team, INSERM 1027, university of Toulouse, 31000 Toulouse, France; Addictovigilance center, department of medical and clinical pharmacology, Toulouse university hospital, 31000 Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

Objective: It is essential that health professionals who practice medicine in prison rely on accurate knowledge about their patients to provide them with adapted care. The use of cannabis can influence the health status of prisoners, but data are lacking regarding the potentially related adverse health consequences. The objective of this descriptive study was to describe the cardiovascular outcomes related to cannabis use in prisoners from several detention centres hospitalised in a French hospital. Read More

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Slow on the Uptake, Progression to Heartbreak.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2020 Jan-Dec;8:2324709620936832

Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The prevalence of serotonin syndrome increases over the past several years as more serotonergic medications are being used in clinical practice. It is a potentially lethal condition caused by excessive serotonergic activity. Common causes of serotonin syndrome are the use of prescription medications, illicit drugs, or a combination of substances, leading to an increase in the activity of serotonin in the central and peripheral nervous system. Read More

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Prevalence, trends and in-hospital outcomes of takotsubo syndrome among United States cannabis users.

Int J Cardiol 2020 10 6;316:43-46. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Division of Cardiology, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Decatur, GA, USA; Division of Cardiology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA; Division of Cardiology, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Recent reports suggest a link between increased cannabis (marijuana) use and stress-cardiomyopathy (Takotsubo Syndrome, TTS) and related complications. Amidst recent trends in cannabis legalization and a paucity of data, it remains essential to evaluate the prevalence, trends and outcomes of TTS in cannabis users on a large-scale.

Method: We studied prevalence and trends in TTS among adult cannabis users vs. Read More

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October 2020

Cardiac magnetic resonance in cocaine-induced myocardial damage: cocaine, heart, and magnetic resonance.

Heart Fail Rev 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Fondazione Toscana Gabriele Monasterio, Via Giuseppe Moruzzi, 156124, Pisa, Italy.

The use of cocaine constitutes a major health problem. Cocaine use is associated with acute and chronic complications that might involve any system, the most common being the cardiovascular system. The precise incidence of cocaine-induced cardiomyopathy remains mysterious and probably underreported. Read More

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Beta Blocker Therapy in Heart Failure Patients with Active Cocaine Use: A Systematic Review.

Cardiol Res Pract 2020 8;2020:1985379. Epub 2020 May 8.

Division of Cardiology, New York Medical College, Metropolitan Hospital Center, New York, NY 10029, USA.

Background: Cocaine use is associated with multiple cardiovascular complications including heart failure. The use of different types of beta blockers in heart failure patients with active cocaine use is still a matter of debate. In this review, our objective is to systematically review the available literature regarding the use of beta blockers in the treatment of heart failure patients with concurrent cocaine use. Read More

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Recent advances in three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping guidance for the ablation of complex atrial and ventricular arrhythmias.

J Interv Card Electrophysiol 2021 Jun 26;61(1):37-43. Epub 2020 May 26.

Cardiology and Arrhythmology Clinic, University Hospital "Ospedali Riuniti Umberto I - Lancisi - Salesi", Ancona, Italy.

Purpose: To provide a brief overview of some relevant technological advances in the field of three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping (3D-EAM) that have recently entered the clinical arena and their role in guiding catheter ablation (CA) of complex atrial and ventricular arrhythmias.

Methods: In this technical report, we describe the general features of three novel algorithms featured in the updated CARTO PRIME™ mapping module for CARTO®3 version 7 3D-EAM system (Biosense Webster Inc., Diamond Bar, CA, USA): local activation time (LAT) hybrid, coherent mapping and map replay modules. Read More

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Acute Coronary Syndrome: Common Complications and Conditions That Mimic ACS.

FP Essent 2020 Mar;490:29-34

Womack Army Medical Center Cardiology, Bldg 4-2817 2817 Reilly Road, Fort Bragg, NC 28310.

Complications after acute myocardial infarction (MI) can be serious and potentially life-threatening. Coronary reperfusion therapy and revascularization can reduce the risk of these complications, but they still occur. Arrhythmias and conduction abnormalities are among the most common complications, and occur most often in hemodynamically unstable patients. Read More

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[Cocaine-induced acute myocarditis].

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2019 Nov 23;68(5):367-370. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Service de cardiologie, centre hospitalier d'Avignon, 305, rue Raoul-Follereau, 84000 Avignon, France.

Cocaine is a potent sympathomimetic drug usually associated with cardiotoxicity, including ventricular arrhythmia, systemic hypertension and acute myocardial infarction. It constitutes the most frequent cause of drug-related death reported by medical examiners in the US, and these events are most often related to the cardiovascular manifestations of the drug. However; to the best of our knowledge; cocaine induced acute myocarditis has very rarely been reported. Read More

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November 2019

Association of recreational drug consumption, cardiac toxicity and heart transplantation

Can J Surg 2019 10;62(5):356-357

From the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal, Montreal, Que. (Carrier); and the Department of Medicine, Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal, Montreal, Que. (Giraldeau, Parent, Ducharme).

Summary: Cardiac toxicity from recreational drug use remains difficult to establish. We report the cases of 3 young patients who were hospitalized for cardiogenic shock. All were bridged to transplantation with implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Read More

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October 2019

Diffuse myocardial calcification in a drug addict, complicating advanced life support.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Sep;69(9):1372-1375

Bezmialem Vakif University, TURKEY.

Myocardial calcification is a rare echocardiographic finding, which is often found in patients who have suffered from a myocardial infarction. Rarely, myocardial calcification may be present in individuals without a significant medical history. Until today, there has not been a published case report emphasising the relation between myocardial calcification and cocaine usage. Read More

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September 2019

[Hypoxic hepatitis in a patient with endomyocardial fibrosis].

Medicina (B Aires) 2019 ;79(4):284-286

Servicio de Salud Mental, Instituto de Investigaciones Médicas Alfredo Lanari, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Endomyocardial fibrosis is a restrictive cardiomyopathy with high morbidity and mortality rates, prevalent in the sub-Saharan Africa region but infrequent in our population. It has a close relation with blood hypereosinophilia. Hypoxic hepatitis is frequently observed in intensive care units and its diagnosis is clinical. Read More

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September 2019

A Case of Isolated Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy in a HIV Patient Presenting With Acute Heart Failure.

Cardiol Res 2019 Aug 31;10(4):236-240. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Department of Medicine, BronxCare Hospital Center, Bronx, NY 10457, USA.

The etiology of cardiomyopathy in a HIV patient is multifactorial. Identifying the etiology of cardiomyopathy in a HIV patient needs extensive evaluation. Common causes include ischemic cardiomyopathy, myocarditis due to viral infections and opportunistic infections, cocaine abuse, alcoholic heart disease, drug toxicity or due to nutritional deficiencies. Read More

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Transient Left Ventricular Acute Failure after Cocaine Use.

Curr Drug Res Rev 2019 ;11(2):142-144

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hopital d'Instruction des Armees Sainte-Anne, Toulon, France.

Background: Cocaine is one of the most widely used illicit drugs, and it is the most common cause of drug-related death. The association of cocaine use with acute heart failure is a rare occurrence.

Case Report: We report the case of a 31 years-old woman who presented Takotsubo cardiomyopathy with severe cardiogenic shock after cocaine abuse. Read More

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Cocaine Abuse: An Attack to the Cardiovascular System-Insights from Cardiovascular MRI.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2019 Jun 13;1(2):e180031. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Department of Radiological, Oncological and Anatomopathological Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Cocaine is the most commonly used illicit drug in the European Union. Its cardiac effects are numerous and diverse, both in acute and chronic abuse, and include myocardial infarction, myocarditis, catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, and chronic cardiomyopathy (subclinical, hypertrophic, and dilated phases). Their clinical manifestations are vastly overlapping, and differential diagnosis should be performed using a thorough diagnostic workup featuring clinical history, laboratory tests, electrocardiography, stress test, noninvasive imaging modalities, and coronary angiography. Read More

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Can acute stress be fatal? A systematic cross-disciplinary review.

Stress 2019 05 15;22(3):286-294. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

b Psychiatric Centre Copenhagen, Department O, Rigshospitalet , Copenhagen University Hospital ,  Copenhagen , Denmark.

In this review it is discussed if acute stress can be fatal. The review is based on literature searches on PubMed, PsycINFO as well as Web of Science. Literature concerning the conditions excited delirium syndrome (ExDS), malignant catatonia, takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM), and capture myopathy (CM) is reviewed and compared. Read More

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Mechanisms of toxic cardiomyopathy.

Authors:
Philippe Hantson

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2019 01 27;57(1):1-9. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

a Department of Intensive Care , Cliniques St-Luc, Université catholique de Louvain , Brussels , Belgium.

Background: Dilated cardiomyopathy is a frequent disease responsible for 40-50% of cases of heart failure. Idiopathic cardiomyopathy is a primary disorder often related to familial/genetic predisposition. Before the diagnosis of idiopathic cardiomyopathy is made, clinicians must not only rule out viral and immune causes, but also toxic causes such as drugs, environmental agents, illicit substances and natural toxins. Read More

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January 2019

Treatment of phantom shocks: A case report.

Int J Psychiatry Med 2019 05 23;54(3):181-187. Epub 2018 Sep 23.

4 Division of Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators have become standard preventive treatment for patients with ventricular arrhythmias and other life-threatening cardiac conditions. The advantages and efficiency of the device are supported by multiple clinical trials and outcome studies, leading to its popularity among cardiologists. Implantation of the device is not without adverse outcomes. Read More

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Rare Case of Cocaine-Induced Aortic Aneurysm: A Near Dissection Event.

Case Rep Cardiol 2017 14;2017:1785410. Epub 2017 Dec 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, MacNeal Hospital, Berwyn, IL, USA.

Cocaine use has been associated with cardiovascular complications such as coronary atherosclerosis, coronary artery spasm, cardiac arrhythmias, acute myocardial infarction, myocarditis, and dilated cardiomyopathies. Aortic dissection is a rare but life-threatening complication of cocaine use. Cocaine and stimulant use can cause aortic aneurysm by increasing the aortic wall stress, and the most feared complications are dissection, rupture, and death. Read More

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December 2017

Wide-QRS Complex Tachycardia.

Am J Cardiol 2018 01 19;121(2):275-276. Epub 2017 Oct 19.

Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center and University Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana. Electronic address:

In a man with a wide-QRS complex tachycardia, a history of an inferior left ventricular scar, atrioventricular dissociation during the tachycardia, and a QRS morphology inconsistent with right or left bundle branch block exclude a diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardia with aberrant ventricular conduction due to bundle branch block or ventricular preexcitation and establish a diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia. Read More

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January 2018

Love Death-A Retrospective and Prospective Follow-Up Mortality Study Over 45 Years.

J Sex Med 2017 10 12;14(10):1226-1231. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital, Goethe-University of Frankfurt/Main, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

Background: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events.

Methods: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Read More

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October 2017

Cocaine and takotsubo syndrome: How frequent is it?

Authors:
John E Madias

Hellenic J Cardiol 2018 Mar - Apr;59(2):133. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

From the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA; Division of Cardiology, Elmhurst Hospital Center, Elmhurst, NY, USA. Electronic address:

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September 2018

The Cardiovascular Effects of Cocaine.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2017 Jul;70(1):101-113

Department of Cardiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; Huntington Medical Research Institute, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:

Cocaine is the leading cause for drug-abuse-related visits to emergency departments, most of which are due to cardiovascular complaints. Through its diverse pathophysiological mechanisms, cocaine exerts various adverse effects on the cardiovascular system, many times with grave results. Described here are the varied cardiovascular effects of cocaine, areas of controversy, and therapeutic options. Read More

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Case report: Cocaine-induced takotsubo cardiomyopathy.

Hellenic J Cardiol 2018 Mar - Apr;59(2):129-132. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Department of Cardiology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA. Electronic address:

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November 2018

Case 6 / 2016 - Heart Failure in a 23-Year-Old Male with a History of Illicit Drug Use.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2016 Dec;107(6):590-599

Instituto do Coração (InCor), HC, FMUSP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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December 2016

Cocaine and coronary artery diseases: a systematic review of the literature.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2017 May;18(5):291-294

aDepartment of Cardiology, Policlinico Casilino bDepartment of Psychiatry, Policlinico Agostino Gemelli, Rome, Italy.

Cocaine is associated with important cardiac complications such as sudden death, acute myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, life-threatening arrhythmias, and myocardial ischemia as well as infarction. It is well known that cocaine may induce vasospasm through adrenergic stimulation of the coronary arteries. Moreover, cocaine may promote intracoronary thrombosis, triggered by alterations in the plasma constituents, and platelet aggregation, leading to subsequent myocardial infarction. Read More

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Asymptomatic Cocaine Abuse - Myocardial Tissue Characterization Using Cardiac Biomarkers and Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Circ J 2017 Apr 7;81(5):701-708. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

Department of General and Interventional Cardiology, University Heart Center Hamburg.

Background: Use of cocaine is widespread and associated with several cardiovascular diseases. Recent CMR studies indicate frequent myocardial scar/fibrosis in asymptomatic cocaine abusers (CA).Methods and Results:This study used a combination of advanced CMR tissue characterization techniques, including late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) for focal, and extracellular volume (ECV) imaging for diffuse myocardial injury/fibrosis, with circulating biomarkers for a comprehensive characterization of myocardial injury. Read More

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