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    460 results match your criteria Cardiology research and practice[Journal]

    1 OF 10

    Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients on Hemodialysis following Drug-Eluting versus Bare-Metal Coronary Stents.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 17;2018:4934982. Epub 2018 May 17.
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Baystate Medical Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Springfield, MA 01199, USA.
    Aim: This study sought to compare short- and long-term outcomes of drug-eluting stents (DESs) versus bare-metal stents (BMSs) implantation in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis (ESRD-HD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

    Methods: Adult patients with ESRD-HD who underwent PCI at all nonfederal hospitals in Massachusetts between July 1, 2003, and September 30, 2007, were stratified based on the stent type placed at index hospitalization: DES or BMS. The primary outcome compared was a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), congestive heart failure (CHF), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and stroke at 30 days and one year. Read More

    Improved Patient Outcomes by Normalizing Sympathovagal Balance: Differentiating Syncope-Precise Subtype Differentiation Leads to Improved Outcomes.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 16;2018:9532141. Epub 2018 May 16.
    Department of Cardiac Electrophysiology and Medicine, Atlanta VAMC, Emory University School of Medicine, 1670 Clairmont Rd., Decatur, GA 30033, USA.
    Syncope is difficult to definitively diagnose, even with tilt-table testing and beat-to-beat blood pressure measurements, the gold-standard. Both are qualitative, subjective assessments. There are subtypes of syncope associated with autonomic conditions for which tilt-table testing is not useful. Read More

    Arterial Stiffness in Breast Cancer Patients Treated with Anthracycline and Trastuzumab-Based Regimens.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 2;2018:5352914. Epub 2018 May 2.
    Oncology Department, Internal Medicine Department, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey.
    Aims: Cardiovascular diseases are the primary cause of premature morbidity and mortality in early breast cancer patients after treatment with cardiotoxic chemotherapeutic agents. Arterial stiffness is an independent risk factor for future cardiovascular diseases and can be used as a predictive marker of subclinical cardiac damage. The aim of this study is to analyze the arterial stiffness in breast cancer patients who are in the follow-up period after receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens with trastuzumab. Read More

    Electrocardiogram Changes of Donepezil Administration in Elderly Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 23;2018:9141320. Epub 2018 Apr 23.
    Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Objective: Donepezil, a widely used cholinesterase inhibitor for treating Alzheimer's disease, has been reported to induce bradyarrhythmias and torsade de pointes. In this study, we aimed at determining electrocardiogram changes of donepezil administration in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease, who tend to suffer from cognitive disorders.

    Methods: Sixty patients with ischemic heart disease and mild cognitive impairment were treated with donepezil (5 mg/day) and followed up for at least four weeks. Read More

    Determinants of Normal Left Atrial Volume in Heart Failure with Moderate-to-Severely Reduced Ejection Fraction.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 23;2018:7512758. Epub 2018 Apr 23.
    Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
    Background: Indexed left atrial volume (LAVi) is a robust predictor of adverse cardiovascular events. A minority of patients with moderate-to-severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction maintain normal LAVi. We followed clinical and echocardiographic parameters for at least 6 months to understand how this population is different from patients with similar systolic dysfunction and dilated left atria. Read More

    Radiation Dose Optimization in Interventional Cardiology: A Teaching Hospital Experience.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 15;2018:6912841. Epub 2018 Apr 15.
    Department of Cardiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia.
    Radiological interventions play an increasingly relevant role in cardiology. Due to the inherent risks of ionizing radiation, proper care must be taken with monitoring and optimizing the dose delivered in angiograms to pose as low risk as possible to staff and patients. Dose optimization is particularly pertinent in teaching hospitals, where longer procedure times are at times necessary to accommodate the teaching needs of junior staff, and thus impart a more significant radiation dose. Read More

    Transcatheter versus Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement after Previous Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 5;2018:4615043. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, West-German Heart and Vascular Center Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany.
    Aim: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with prior cardiac surgery might be challenging. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) offers a promising alternative in such patients. We therefore aimed at comparing the outcomes of patients with aortic valve diseases undergoing TAVR versus those undergoing surgical AVR (SAVR) after previous cardiac surgery. Read More

    Hypertension Treatment in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and/or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Analysis of the Therapy Effectivity and the Therapeutic Inertia in Outpatient Study.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:8387613. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    House of the Heart (Dom Srdca), Slovak League against Hypertension, Martin, Slovakia.
    We have analysed the database of 1,595 consecutive patients visiting our department of cardiology and internal medicine clinic in 2005-2014. The analysis included 13,990 visit records, and the average number of visits per patient was 8.5 ± 7. Read More

    Radiofrequency Ablation versus Cryoablation in the Treatment of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:6276241. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    Mclaren Cardiovascular Group, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.
    Background: Pulmonary vein isolation is commonly performed using radiofrequency energy with cryoablation gaining acceptance. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials which compared radiofrequency versus cryoablation for patients with atrial fibrillation.

    Methods: A systematic search strategy identified both published and unpublished articles from inception to November 10, 2016, in multiple databases. Read More

    Assessment of Time to Hospital Encounter after an Initial Hospitalization for Heart Failure: Results from a Tertiary Medical Center.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:6087367. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    Genesis Health System, Davenport, IA, USA.
    Background: Hospital inpatient readmissions for patients admitted initially with the primary diagnosis of heart failure (HF) can be as high as 20-25% within 30 days of discharge. This, however, does not include admissions for observations or emergency department (ED) visits within the same time frame and does not show a time-dependent hospital encounter following discharge after an index admission. We present data on time-dependent hospital encounter of HF patients discharged after an index admission for a primary diagnosis of HF. Read More

    Preprocedural Mean Platelet Volume Level Is a Predictor of In-Stent Restenosis of the Superficial Femoral Artery Stents in Follow-Up.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:4572629. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    Department of Biostatistical, Kocaeli University Medical Faculty, Kocaeli, Turkey.
    Background: The mean platelet volume (MPV), the most commonly used measure of the platelet size, is a cheap and easy-to-use marker of the platelet activation. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between preprocedural MPV and other hematologic blood count parameters and in-stent restenosis in patients with superficial femoral artery (SFA) stenting.

    Methods And Results: The consecutive 118 patients who successfully underwent endovascular stenting of the SFA were enrolled retrospectively in the study. Read More

    Value of the New Spline QTc Formula in Adjusting for Pacing-Induced Changes in Heart Rate.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:2052601. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    Department of Medicine (Cardiology), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
    Aims: To determine whether a new QTc calculation based on a Spline fit model derived and validated from a large population remained stable in the same individual across a range of heart rates (HRs). Second, to determine whether this formula incorporating QRS duration can be of value in QT measurement, compared to direct measurement of the JT interval, during ventricular pacing.

    Methods: Individuals (=30; 14 males) aged 51. Read More

    Thymoquinone Ameliorates Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity in Swiss Albino Mice by Modulating Oxidative Damage and Cellular Inflammation.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:1483041. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    Neuroscience and Toxicology Unit, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.
    Thymoquinone is the active constituent of , having antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. In present study, we have analyzed the effects of thymoquinone on doxorubicin (DOX) induced cardiotoxicity in mice. In this experiment, thirty mice (25-35 gm) were divided into five groups (Groups A, B, C, D, and E) each containing six animals. Read More

    Plasma Chemerin Levels Are Increased in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients with High Thrombus Burden.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 26;2018:5812704. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
    Department of Cardiology, Ahi Evren Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Trabzon, Turkey.
    Objective: To investigate plasma chemerin levels in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and find out possible relationships between plasma chemerin levels and angiographic characteristics.

    Patients And Methods: Ninety-seven consecutive patients who presented with STEMI and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary stents were enrolled, and 30 age- and sex-matched patients with stable angina pectoris who underwent coronary angiography formed the control group. Angiographic characteristics of the patients including thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) thrombus and Gensini scores were noted. Read More

    Right Coronary Artery Originating from the Left: Do Not Miss the Diagnosis!
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 20;2018:1210791. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    Department of Cardiology, Gazi University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
    Objective: Left circumflex (LCx) artery originating from the right coronary arterial (RCA) system has been reported as the most common form of anomalous origination of a coronary artery from the opposite sinus (ACAOS). However, some studies claim that RCA originating from the left coronary sinus (LCS) is the most frequent form. The aim of this study was to determine the most common type of ACAOS in a single center. Read More

    Dietary Pattern and Macronutrients Profile on the Variation of Inflammatory Biomarkers: Scientific Update.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 14;2018:4762575. Epub 2018 Mar 14.
    Department of Nutrition and Health, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.
    It is known that the dietary pattern and macronutrients profile may influence the expression and secretion of inflammatory biomarkers, and the low-grade inflammation is associated with the manifestation of noncommunicable chronic diseases. Therefore, this review aimed to present and discuss the role of dietary patterns and macronutrients on the variation of inflammatory markers related to NCD risk. Scientific evidences within the last five years based on clinical trials, case-controls, cohorts, and cross-sectional studies indicate that normocaloric, carbohydrate-moderated, low-glycemic index, protein-moderated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acid-rich, omega-3, and low-saturated fat diets display positive effects on the inflammatory state, both in healthy individuals and in those with cardiovascular risk, although the second group seems to benefit more from changes in the dietary profile. Read More

    Impact of Admission Blood Glucose on Coronary Collateral Flow in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 12;2018:4059542. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Department of Cardiology, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
    In patients with acute myocardial infarction, glucose metabolism is altered and acute hyperglycemia on admission is common regardless of diabetes status. The development of coronary collateral is heterogeneous among individuals with coronary artery disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether glucose value on admission is associated with collateral flow in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Read More

    Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in a Cohort of Newly Diagnosed Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 8;2018:6572785. Epub 2018 Mar 8.
    MSc Program in Sleep Medicine, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.
    Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess whether the 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease in newly diagnosed patients with OSAS is increased.

    Materials And Methods: Recently diagnosed, with polysomnography, consecutive OSAS patients were included. Read More

    The Reliability of the Use of Serum Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin Levels in the Assessment of Renal Functions after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 5;2018:7291254. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
    Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: Evaluation of perioperative renal function is very important for early diagnosis and treatment of acute kidney injury after coronary artery bypass grafting. Serum creatinine levels, creatinine clearance, and estimated glomerular filtration rates used in determination of postoperative kidney injury can lead to late detection. Therefore, it is necessary to make a diagnosis earlier in clinical practice and to search for a reliable method. Read More

    Plasma YKL-40 Elevation on Admission and Follow-Up Is Associated with Diastolic Dysfunction and Mortality in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:8701851. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Cardiology Department, Kosuyolu Research and Education Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Denizer Street, Cevizli Intersection, Kartal, 34865 Istanbul, Turkey.
    Objective: The aim of the study was to determine an association between the plasma YKL-40 level and echocardiographic left ventricle systolic and diastolic function parameters in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

    Subjects And Methods: The study included 46 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Serum brain natriuretic protein (BNP) and YKL-40 levels were analyzed on admission and after one month. Read More

    Efficacy and Safety of Polymer-Free Ultrathin Strut Sirolimus-Probucol Coated Drug-Eluting Stents for Chronic Total Occlusions: Insights from the Coroflex ISAR 2000 Worldwide Registry.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:8053168. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Cardiology Unit, University Malaya Medical Centre, 59100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Objective: Coronary revascularization in chronic total occlusion (CTO) is associated with improved clinical outcomes. The choice of the coronary stent is crucial in maintaining long-term vessel patency after CTO revascularization. We investigated the efficacy and safety of polymer-free ultrathin strut sirolimus-probucol coated drug-eluting stents (PF-SES) for CTO lesions. Read More

    Increases in Heart Rate Variability Signal Improved Outcomes in Rapid Response Team Consultations: A Cohort Study.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:1590217. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
    Section of Electrophysiology, Heart Center, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh 11211, Saudi Arabia.
    Background: Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) indicates dominance of the sympathetic system and a state of "physiologic stress." We postulated that, in patients with critical illness, increases in HRV might signal successful resuscitation and improved prognosis.

    Methods: We carried out a prospective observational study of HRV on all patients referred to the rapid response team (RRT) and correlated with serial vital signs, lactate clearance, ICU admission, and mortality. Read More

    Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Permanent Atrial Fibrillation: Prevalence and Associated Factors.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 19;2018:7408129. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Lakonia, Greece.
    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important public health problem that is increasing at an alarming rate, worldwide. The most common type is permanent AF followed by the paroxysmal and persistent AF. . Read More

    Automated Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease: A Review and Workflow.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 4;2018:2016282. Epub 2018 Feb 4.
    Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia.
    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most dangerous heart disease which may lead to sudden cardiac death. However, CAD diagnoses are quite expensive and time-consuming procedures which a patient need to go through. The aim of our paper is to present a unique review of state-of-the-art methods up to 2017 for automatic CAD classification. Read More

    Effect of Coronary Slow Flow on Intrinsicoid Deflection of QRS Complex.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2018 1;2018:2451581. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    Department of Cardiology, Liv Hospital, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Coronary slow flow is a rare, clinically important entity observed in acute coronary syndrome. The pathophysiological mechanism is not fully elucidated. We investigated patients with chest pain who had angiographic features consistent with the coronary slow flow. Read More

    Recurrent Stroke after Transcatheter PFO Closure in Cryptogenic Stroke or Tia: Long-Term Follow-Up.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 21;2017:9849425. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Pediatric Cardiology and GUCH Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, 9 Massarenti Street, 40100 Bologna, Italy.
    Background: There are few data on the mechanism of recurrent neurological events after transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in cryptogenic stroke or TIA.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed PFO closure procedures for the secondary prevention of cryptogenic stroke/TIA performed between 1999 and 2014 in Bologna, Italy.

    Results: Written questionnaires were completed by 402 patients. Read More

    Factors Affecting Health Related Quality of Life in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 1;2017:4690458. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Faculty of Health and Caring Professions, Department of Nursing, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Athens, Greece.
    This study identified factors affecting health related quality of life (HRQOL) in 300 hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF). Data were collected by the completion of a questionnaire which included patients' characteristics and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ). Analysis of data showed that the median of the total score of MLHFQ was 46 and the median of the physical and mental state was 22 and 6, respectively. Read More

    Subclinical Hypothyroidism and Its Association with Increased Cardiovascular Mortality.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 28;2017:7539735. Epub 2017 May 28.
    University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
    Thyroid hormones play an important role in regulating different metabolism functions and multiple organs' performance. Changes in the thyroid hormone axis can lead to profound effects on the stability of vital organs and systems, especially the cardiovascular system. Hypothyroidism is classified according to the clinical presentation as overt and subclinical. Read More

    Corrigendum to "Falls and Fractures in the Elderly with Sinus Node Disease: The Impact of Pacemaker Implantation".
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 19;2017:3297515. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    Clinic for Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, B 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.
    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2012/498102.]. Read More

    Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes of Suspected Poststroke Acute Coronary Syndrome.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 9;2017:3762149. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Einstein Institute for Heart and Vascular Health, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can complicate acute ischemic stroke, causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, literatures that describe poststroke acute coronary syndrome and its morbidity and mortality burden are lacking.

    Methods: This is a single center, retrospective study where clinical characteristics, cardiac evaluation, and management of patients with suspected poststroke ACS were compared and analyzed for their association with inpatient mortality and 1-year all-cause mortality. Read More

    Effect of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning on Perioperative Cardiac Events in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Meta-Analysis of 16 Randomized Trials.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 14;2017:6907167. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
    Background: The main objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) reduces cardiac and renal events in patients undergoing elective cardiovascular interventions.

    Methods And Results: We systematically searched articles published from 2006 to 2016 in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as the effect index for dichotomous variables. Read More

    Divorce and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: A Multicenter Study.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 24;2017:4751249. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    College of Medicine, Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dubai, UAE.
    The association between marital status and coronary artery disease (CAD) is supported by numerous epidemiological studies. While divorce may have an adverse effect on cardiac outcomes, the relationship between divorce and severe CAD is unclear. We conducted a multicenter, observational study of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography during the period between April 1, 2013, and March 30, 2014. Read More

    Comparison of the Effects of Carperitide and Tolvaptan on Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction: A Two-Center Retrospective Study.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 12;2017:6935342. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Emergency, Iwate Medical University, Iwate, Japan.
    In patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, diuretics can reduce blood pressure and lead to electrolyte abnormalities. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of tolvaptan (T group) and carperitide (C group) in these patients. Sixty-one consecutive patients admitted to the Iwate Prefectural Kuji Hospital or the Emergency Center of the Iwate Medical University between July 2011 and April 2015 were included in this study. Read More

    The Relationship between Body Mass Index and the Severity of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Referred for Coronary Angiography.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 23;2017:5481671. Epub 2017 Apr 23.
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3V6.
    . Obesity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and may be associated with more severe coronary artery disease (CAD); however, the relationship between body mass index [BMI (kg/m)] and CAD severity is uncertain and debatable. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between BMI and angiographic severity of CAD. Read More

    The Prevalence and Awareness of Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Factors among the Lebanese Population: A Prospective Study Comparing Urban to Rural Populations.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 30;2017:3530902. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon.
    . CVDs are largely driven by modifiable risk factors. This study sought to determine the awareness and prevalence of the modifiable CVDs risk factors among the Lebanese population. Read More

    The Personalization of Clopidogrel Antiplatelet Therapy: The Role of Integrative Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacometabolomics.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 21;2017:8062796. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.
    Dual antiplatelet therapy of aspirin and clopidogrel is pivotal for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the variable platelets reactivity response to clopidogrel may lead to outcome failure and recurrence of cardiovascular events. Although many genetic and nongenetic factors are known, great portion of clopidogrel variable platelets reactivity remain unexplained which challenges the personalization of clopidogrel therapy. Read More

    Aerobic Training Intensity for Improved Endothelial Function in Heart Failure Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 27;2017:2450202. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
    . Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is widely utilised to assess endothelial function and aerobic exercise improves FMD in heart failure patients. The aim of this meta-analysis is to quantify the effect of aerobic training intensity on FMD in patients with heart failure. Read More

    Avoiding the Learning Curve for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 26;2017:7524925. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    University of Minnesota-Fairview Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA; Minneapolis VA Healthcare System, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    To evaluate whether collaboration between existing and new transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) programs could help reduce the number of cases needed to achieve optimal efficiency. There is a well-documented learning curve for achieving procedural efficiency and safety in TAVR procedures. A multidisciplinary collaboration was established between the Minneapolis VA Medical Center (new program) and the University of Minnesota (established program since 2012, = 219) 1 year prior to launching the new program. Read More

    Pediatric Heart Failure, Lagging, and Sagging of Care in Low Income Settings: A Hospital Based Review of Cases in Ethiopia.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:7147234. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    . Causes of acute heart failure in children range from simple myocarditis complicating chest infection to complex structural heart diseases. To describe patterns, predictors of mortality, and management outcomes of acute heart failure in children. Read More

    Impact of Lifestyle Intervention on HDL-Induced eNOS Activation and Cholesterol Efflux Capacity in Obese Adolescent.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 14;2016:2820432. Epub 2016 Nov 14.
    University of Leipzig, Heart Center Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Endothelial dysfunction occurs in obese children and adolescent and is regarded as a key step in the development of atherosclerosis. Important components for the development of endothelial dysfunction are reduced activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and an increase in cholesterol deposition in the vessel wall, due to reduced reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) activity. High density lipoprotein (HDL) exhibits antiatherosclerotic properties including modulation of eNOS activity and cholesterol efflux capacity. Read More

    Coronary Angiography Safety between Transradial and Transfemoral Access.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 3;2016:4013843. Epub 2016 Nov 3.
    Department of Cardiology, LPS Institute of Cardiology, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208002, India.
    The aim of study was to evaluate safety, feasibility, and procedural variables of transradial approach compared with transfemoral approach in a standard population of patients undergoing coronary catheterization as one of the major criticisms of the transradial approach is that it takes longer overall procedure and fluoroscopy time, thereby causing more radiation exposure. Between January 2015 and December 2015, a total of 1,997 patients in LPS Institute of Cardiology, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, UP, India, undergoing coronary catheterization were randomly assigned to the transradial or transfemoral approach. Successful catheterization was achieved in 1045 of 1076 patients (97. Read More

    Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus Seropositivity and Its Impact on Coronary Artery Disease among Egyptian Patients Referred for Coronary Angiography.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:1623197. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
    . We tested the prevalence and impact of HCV seropositivity among Egyptian patients referred for coronary angiography. . Read More

    Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Utility in Prediction of 30-Day Readmission Rate in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 30;2016:4571201. Epub 2016 Oct 30.
    Internal Medicine Residency Program, Department of Medicine, Florida Hospital Orlando, Orlando, FL, USA.
    . Heart failure (HF) is one of the most common diagnoses associated with hospital readmission. We designed this prospective study to evaluate whether Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) score is associated with 30-day readmission in patients hospitalized with decompensated HF. Read More

    Impact of Body Mass Index on Short-Term Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:7154267. Epub 2016 Sep 7.
    Eastern Health, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3V6; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3V6.
    Background and Aim. Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) is associated with advanced cardiovascular disease requiring procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Studies report better outcomes in obese patients having these procedures but results are conflicting or inconsistent. Read More

    Association between Stable Coronary Artery Disease and In Vivo Thrombin Generation.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 11;2016:5149825. Epub 2016 Aug 11.
    Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Grupo Genética Intervencionista, Departamentos de Biología Molecular, Hemodinámica, Endocrinología, 14080 México City, Mexico; Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 México City, Mexico.
    Background. Thrombin has been implicated as a key molecule in atherosclerotic progression. Clinical evidence shows that thrombin generation is enhanced in atherosclerosis, but its role as a risk factor for coronary atherosclerotic burden has not been proven in coronary artery disease (CAD) stable patients. Read More

    Impact of Rosuvastatin Treatment on HDL-Induced PKC-βII and eNOS Phosphorylation in Endothelial Cells and Its Relation to Flow-Mediated Dilatation in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:4826102. Epub 2016 Aug 2.
    Leipzig Heart Center, Department of Cardiology, Leipzig University, 04289 Leipzig, Germany.
    Background. Endothelial function is impaired in chronic heart failure (CHF). Statins upregulate endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and improve endothelial function. Read More

    The Concordance between Myocardial Perfusion Imaging and Coronary Angiography in Detecting Coronary Artery Disease: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Cardiac Center at King Abdullah Medical City.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:9847575. Epub 2016 Jun 27.
    Medical College, Taif University, Taif 21974, Saudi Arabia.
    Background. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is considered as the leading cause of the cardiovascular fatalities worldwide. CAD is diagnosed by many modalities of imaging such as myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary angiography (CAG). Read More

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