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    430 results match your criteria Cardiology research and practice[Journal]

    1 OF 9

    Corrigendum to "Falls and Fractures in the Elderly with Sinus Node Disease: The Impact of Pacemaker Implantation".
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 19;2017:3297515. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
    Clinic for Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, B 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.
    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2012/498102.]. Read More

    Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes of Suspected Poststroke Acute Coronary Syndrome.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 9;2017:3762149. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Einstein Institute for Heart and Vascular Health, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can complicate acute ischemic stroke, causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, literatures that describe poststroke acute coronary syndrome and its morbidity and mortality burden are lacking.

    Methods: This is a single center, retrospective study where clinical characteristics, cardiac evaluation, and management of patients with suspected poststroke ACS were compared and analyzed for their association with inpatient mortality and 1-year all-cause mortality. Read More

    Effect of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning on Perioperative Cardiac Events in Patients Undergoing Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Meta-Analysis of 16 Randomized Trials.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 14;2017:6907167. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
    Background: The main objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) reduces cardiac and renal events in patients undergoing elective cardiovascular interventions.

    Methods And Results: We systematically searched articles published from 2006 to 2016 in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as the effect index for dichotomous variables. Read More

    Divorce and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease: A Multicenter Study.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 24;2017:4751249. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    College of Medicine, Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dubai, UAE.
    The association between marital status and coronary artery disease (CAD) is supported by numerous epidemiological studies. While divorce may have an adverse effect on cardiac outcomes, the relationship between divorce and severe CAD is unclear. We conducted a multicenter, observational study of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography during the period between April 1, 2013, and March 30, 2014. Read More

    Comparison of the Effects of Carperitide and Tolvaptan on Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction: A Two-Center Retrospective Study.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 12;2017:6935342. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Emergency, Iwate Medical University, Iwate, Japan.
    In patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, diuretics can reduce blood pressure and lead to electrolyte abnormalities. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of tolvaptan (T group) and carperitide (C group) in these patients. Sixty-one consecutive patients admitted to the Iwate Prefectural Kuji Hospital or the Emergency Center of the Iwate Medical University between July 2011 and April 2015 were included in this study. Read More

    The Relationship between Body Mass Index and the Severity of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Referred for Coronary Angiography.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 23;2017:5481671. Epub 2017 Apr 23.
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3V6.
    Background and Aim. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and may be associated with more severe coronary artery disease (CAD); however, the relationship between body mass index [BMI (kg/m(2))] and CAD severity is uncertain and debatable. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between BMI and angiographic severity of CAD. Read More

    The Prevalence and Awareness of Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Factors among the Lebanese Population: A Prospective Study Comparing Urban to Rural Populations.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 30;2017:3530902. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon.
    Introduction. CVDs are largely driven by modifiable risk factors. This study sought to determine the awareness and prevalence of the modifiable CVDs risk factors among the Lebanese population. Read More

    The Personalization of Clopidogrel Antiplatelet Therapy: The Role of Integrative Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacometabolomics.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 21;2017:8062796. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.
    Dual antiplatelet therapy of aspirin and clopidogrel is pivotal for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the variable platelets reactivity response to clopidogrel may lead to outcome failure and recurrence of cardiovascular events. Although many genetic and nongenetic factors are known, great portion of clopidogrel variable platelets reactivity remain unexplained which challenges the personalization of clopidogrel therapy. Read More

    Aerobic Training Intensity for Improved Endothelial Function in Heart Failure Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 27;2017:2450202. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia.
    Objective. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is widely utilised to assess endothelial function and aerobic exercise improves FMD in heart failure patients. The aim of this meta-analysis is to quantify the effect of aerobic training intensity on FMD in patients with heart failure. Read More

    Avoiding the Learning Curve for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2017 26;2017:7524925. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    University of Minnesota-Fairview Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN, USA; Minneapolis VA Healthcare System, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    Objectives. To evaluate whether collaboration between existing and new transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) programs could help reduce the number of cases needed to achieve optimal efficiency. Background. Read More

    Pediatric Heart Failure, Lagging, and Sagging of Care in Low Income Settings: A Hospital Based Review of Cases in Ethiopia.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:7147234. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Introduction. Causes of acute heart failure in children range from simple myocarditis complicating chest infection to complex structural heart diseases. Objective. Read More

    Impact of Lifestyle Intervention on HDL-Induced eNOS Activation and Cholesterol Efflux Capacity in Obese Adolescent.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 14;2016:2820432. Epub 2016 Nov 14.
    University of Leipzig, Heart Center Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Background. Endothelial dysfunction occurs in obese children and adolescent and is regarded as a key step in the development of atherosclerosis. Important components for the development of endothelial dysfunction are reduced activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and an increase in cholesterol deposition in the vessel wall, due to reduced reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) activity. Read More

    Coronary Angiography Safety between Transradial and Transfemoral Access.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 3;2016:4013843. Epub 2016 Nov 3.
    Department of Cardiology, LPS Institute of Cardiology, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208002, India.
    Background and Aim. The aim of study was to evaluate safety, feasibility, and procedural variables of transradial approach compared with transfemoral approach in a standard population of patients undergoing coronary catheterization as one of the major criticisms of the transradial approach is that it takes longer overall procedure and fluoroscopy time, thereby causing more radiation exposure. Method. Read More

    Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus Seropositivity and Its Impact on Coronary Artery Disease among Egyptian Patients Referred for Coronary Angiography.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:1623197. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
    Background. We tested the prevalence and impact of HCV seropositivity among Egyptian patients referred for coronary angiography. Subjects and Methods. Read More

    Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Utility in Prediction of 30-Day Readmission Rate in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 30;2016:4571201. Epub 2016 Oct 30.
    Internal Medicine Residency Program, Department of Medicine, Florida Hospital Orlando, Orlando, FL, USA.
    Background. Heart failure (HF) is one of the most common diagnoses associated with hospital readmission. We designed this prospective study to evaluate whether Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) score is associated with 30-day readmission in patients hospitalized with decompensated HF. Read More

    Impact of Body Mass Index on Short-Term Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:7154267. Epub 2016 Sep 7.
    Eastern Health, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3V6; Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3V6.
    Background and Aim. Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) is associated with advanced cardiovascular disease requiring procedures such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Studies report better outcomes in obese patients having these procedures but results are conflicting or inconsistent. Read More

    Association between Stable Coronary Artery Disease and In Vivo Thrombin Generation.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 11;2016:5149825. Epub 2016 Aug 11.
    Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Grupo Genética Intervencionista, Departamentos de Biología Molecular, Hemodinámica, Endocrinología, 14080 México City, Mexico; Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 México City, Mexico.
    Background. Thrombin has been implicated as a key molecule in atherosclerotic progression. Clinical evidence shows that thrombin generation is enhanced in atherosclerosis, but its role as a risk factor for coronary atherosclerotic burden has not been proven in coronary artery disease (CAD) stable patients. Read More

    Impact of Rosuvastatin Treatment on HDL-Induced PKC-βII and eNOS Phosphorylation in Endothelial Cells and Its Relation to Flow-Mediated Dilatation in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 2;2016:4826102. Epub 2016 Aug 2.
    Leipzig Heart Center, Department of Cardiology, Leipzig University, 04289 Leipzig, Germany.
    Background. Endothelial function is impaired in chronic heart failure (CHF). Statins upregulate endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and improve endothelial function. Read More

    The Concordance between Myocardial Perfusion Imaging and Coronary Angiography in Detecting Coronary Artery Disease: A Retrospective Study in a Tertiary Cardiac Center at King Abdullah Medical City.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:9847575. Epub 2016 Jun 27.
    Medical College, Taif University, Taif 21974, Saudi Arabia.
    Background. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is considered as the leading cause of the cardiovascular fatalities worldwide. CAD is diagnosed by many modalities of imaging such as myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and coronary angiography (CAG). Read More

    Frequency of Specific Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Cameroonian Patients on Dialysis: The Cases of Anaemia, Inflammation, Phosphate, and Calcium.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 22;2016:5031927. Epub 2016 May 22.
    General Medicine Service, Ngaoundéré Regional Hospital, P.O. Box 45, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon.
    Specific cardiovascular risk factors are known to contribute to increasing cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic renal disease. However, little is known about their distribution in our population. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of anaemia, inflammation, and phosphocalcium disorders in Cameroonian patients on dialysis. Read More

    Myocardial Viability: From Proof of Concept to Clinical Practice.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 29;2016:1020818. Epub 2016 May 29.
    Department of Cardiology, Blacktown Hospital, Blacktown Road, Blacktown NSW 2148, Australia; Western Sydney University, Richmond, NSW, Australia.
    Ischaemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction can arise from myocardial stunning, hibernation, or necrosis. Imaging modalities have become front-line methods in the assessment of viable myocardial tissue, with the aim to stratify patients into optimal treatment pathways. Initial studies, although favorable, lacked sufficient power and sample size to provide conclusive outcomes of viability assessment. Read More

    Incidence and Factors Predicting Skin Burns at the Site of Indifferent Electrode during Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation of Cardiac Arrhythmias.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 24;2016:5265682. Epub 2016 Apr 24.
    Grand Rapids Medical Education Partners, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI 49503, USA.
    Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFA) has become a mainstay for treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Skin burns at the site of an indifferent electrode patch have been a rare, serious, and likely an underreported complication of RFA. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of skin burns in cardiac RFA procedures performed at one institution. Read More

    Epicardial Fat: Physiological, Pathological, and Therapeutic Implications.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 26;2016:1291537. Epub 2016 Apr 26.
    Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, University of Zulia, Maracaibo 4004, Venezuela.
    Epicardial fat is closely related to blood supply vessels, both anatomically and functionally, which is why any change in this adipose tissue's behavior is considered a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease development. When proinflammatory adipokines are released from the epicardial fat, this can lead to a decrease in insulin sensitivity, low adiponectin production, and an increased proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. These adipokines move from one compartment to another by either transcellular passing or diffusion, thus having the ability to regulate cardiac muscle activity, a phenomenon called vasocrine regulation. Read More

    The Modification Effect of Influenza Vaccine on Prognostic Indicators for Cardiovascular Events after Acute Coronary Syndrome: Observations from an Influenza Vaccination Trial.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 20;2016:4097471. Epub 2016 Apr 20.
    Cardiology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
    Introduction. The prognosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients has been improved with several treatments such as antithrombotics, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) as well as coronary revascularization. Influenza vaccination has been shown to reduce adverse outcomes in ACS, but no information exists regarding the interaction of other treatments. Read More

    Progenitor Hematopoietic Cells Implantation Improves Functional Capacity of End Stage Coronary Artery Disease Patients with Advanced Heart Failure.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 11;2016:3942605. Epub 2016 Apr 11.
    Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia and National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita, Jakarta 11420, Indonesia.
    Background. Proangiogenic Hematopoietic Cells (PHC) which comprise diverse mixture of cell types are able to secrete proangiogenic factors and interesting candidate for cell therapy. The aim of this study was to seek for benefit in implantation of PHC on functional improvement in end stage coronary artery disease patients with advanced heart failure. Read More

    Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes Afford New Opportunities in Inherited Cardiovascular Disease Modeling.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:3582380. Epub 2016 Mar 27.
    Federal Research Center, Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academy Lavrentyev Avenue 10, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academy Lavrentyev Avenue 8, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia; State Research Institute of Circulation Pathology, Rechkunovskaya Street 15, Novosibirsk 630055, Russia; Novosibirsk State University, Pirogova Street 2, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.
    Fundamental studies of molecular and cellular mechanisms of cardiovascular disease pathogenesis are required to create more effective and safer methods of their therapy. The studies can be carried out only when model systems that fully recapitulate pathological phenotype seen in patients are used. Application of laboratory animals for cardiovascular disease modeling is limited because of physiological differences with humans. Read More

    Obesity Related Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction: From Basic to Clinical Practice.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 22;2016:8173816. Epub 2016 Mar 22.
    Department for Cardiovascular Disease, Osijek University Hospital, J. Huttlera 4, 31000 Osijek, Croatia; Department for Physiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Osijek, Cara Hadrijana 10E, 31000 Osijek, Croatia.
    Obesity related coronary microvascular disease is a medical entity which is not yet fully elucidated. The pathophysiological basis of coronary microcirculatory dysfunction consists of a heterogeneous group of disorders with individual morphologic/functional/clinical presentation and prognosis. Coronary microcirculatory changes include mechanisms connected with vascular dysfunction, as well as extravascular and vasostructural changes in responses to neural, mechanical, and metabolic factors. Read More

    The Effect of Adoption of an Electronic Health Record on Duplicate Testing.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 21;2016:1950191. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
    New York Hospital Medical Center of Queens/Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Flushing, NY 11355, USA.
    Background. The electronic health record (EHR) has been promoted as a tool to improve quality of patient care, reduce costs, and improve efficiency. There is little data to confirm that the use of EHR has reduced duplicate testing. Read More

    Comparison between First- and Second-Generation Cryoballoon for Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation Ablation.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 16;2016:5106127. Epub 2016 Mar 16.
    Cardiac Arrhythmia Research Centre, Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, Via Carlo Parea 4, 20138 Milan, Italy.
    Introduction. Cryoballoon (CB) ablation has emerged as a novel treatment for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). The second-generation Arctic Front Advance (ADV) was redesigned with technical modifications aiming at procedural and outcome improvements. Read More

    Correlation between Doppler, Manual Morphometry, and Histopathology Based Morphometry of Radial Artery as a Conduit in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:8047340. Epub 2016 Mar 7.
    Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.
    Background. Long-term graft patency is the major factor impacting survival after coronary artery bypass grafting. Arteries are superior in this regard. Read More

    Depression and Anxiety following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: Current Indian Scenario.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 29;2016:2345184. Epub 2016 Feb 29.
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, MH CTC, Pune, Maharashtra 411040, India.
    Epidemiological studies have shown a high prevalence of coronary artery disease among the Indian Population. Due to increasing availability and affordability of tertiary care in many parts of India, carefully selected patients undergo coronary artery bypass surgery to improve cardiac function. However, the procedure is commonly associated with depression and anxiety which can adversely affect overall prognosis. Read More

    Impact of Additional Transthoracic Electrical Cardioversion on Cardiac Function and Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence in Patients with Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Who Underwent Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 28;2016:4139596. Epub 2016 Feb 28.
    Department of Gerontology, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241001, China.
    Backgrounds and Objective. During the procession of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in persistent atrial fibrillation (AF), transthoracic electrical cardioversion (ECV) is required to terminate AF. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of additional ECV on cardiac function and recurrence of AF. Read More

    Role of Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin in the Diagnosis and Early Treatment of Acute Kidney Injury in a Case Series of Patients with Acute Decompensated Heart Failure: A Case Series.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 28;2016:3708210. Epub 2016 Feb 28.
    Clinical Pathology and Microbiology Laboratory, University Hospital Campus Bio-Medico, Via Alvaro del Portillo 200, 00128 Rome, Italy.
    Patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) frequently develop worsening in renal function until Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). The use of kidney injury biomarkers could be useful in the early diagnosis of AKI. In the present study, the role of the neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), compared to the standard creatinine, in ADHF patients, was analyzed to evaluate if an early treatment could affect the outcome. Read More

    Comparison of the Postprocedural Quality of Life between Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Systematic Review.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 18;2016:7842514. Epub 2016 Feb 18.
    The Karachi Grammar School, Karachi 75600, Pakistan.
    The treatment of choice between coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has remained unclear. Considering quality of life (QOL) increases life expectancy, we believe QOL should be important in determining the optimum treatment. Thus the objective of this review was to illustrate the comparative effects of CABG and PCI on postprocedural QOL. Read More

    Postinfarct Left Ventricular Remodelling: A Prevailing Cause of Heart Failure.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 18;2016:2579832. Epub 2016 Feb 18.
    Cardiovascular Diseases Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Clinical and Community Sciences, University of Milan, Via F. Sforza 35, 20122 Milan, Italy.
    Heart failure is a chronic disease with high morbidity and mortality, which represents a growing challenge in medicine. A major risk factor for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction is a history of myocardial infarction. The expansion of a large infarct scar and subsequent regional ventricular dilatation can cause postinfarct remodelling, leading to significant enlargement of the left ventricular chamber. Read More

    Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Arrhythmia by Oxidative Stress.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 15;2016:9656078. Epub 2016 Feb 15.
    Cardiac Electrophysiology Section, Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 127 S. San Vicente Boulevard, A3308, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.
    Current therapies for arrhythmia using ion channel blockade, catheter ablation, or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator have limitations, and it is important to search for new antiarrhythmic therapeutic targets. Both atrial fibrillation and heart failure, a condition with increased arrhythmic risk, are associated with excess amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS). There are several possible ways for ROS to induce arrhythmia. Read More

    The Role of Adenosine in Pulmonary Vein Isolation: A Critical Review.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 15;2016:8632509. Epub 2016 Feb 15.
    Electrophysiology Department, Oxford Heart Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford OX39DU, UK.
    The cornerstone of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is pulmonary vein isolation (PVI), which can be achieved in more than 95% of patients at the end of the procedure. However, AF recurrence rates remain high and are related to recovery of PV conduction. Adenosine testing is used to unmask dormant pulmonary vein conduction (DC). Read More

    Mechanisms and Clinical Management of Ventricular Arrhythmias following Blunt Chest Trauma.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 11;2016:7270247. Epub 2016 Feb 11.
    Harvard-Thorndike Electrophysiology Institute, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
    Nonpenetrating, blunt chest trauma is a serious medical condition with varied clinical presentations and implications. This can be the result of a dense projectile during competitive and recreational sports but may also include other etiologies such as motor vehicle accidents or traumatic falls. In this setting, the manifestation of ventricular arrhythmias has been observed both acutely and chronically. Read More

    Utilization and Predictors of Electrical Cardioversion in Patients Hospitalized for Atrial Fibrillation.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 7;2016:8956020. Epub 2016 Feb 7.
    Division of Cardiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.
    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia in adults associated with thromboembolic complications. External electrical cardioversion (DCCV) is a safe procedure used to convert AF to normal sinus rhythm. We sought to study factors that affect utilization of DCCV in hospitalized patients with AF. Read More

    The Use of IL-1 Receptor Antagonist (Anakinra) in Idiopathic Recurrent Pericarditis: A Narrative Review.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 31;2016:7840724. Epub 2016 Jan 31.
    Section of Pediatric Rheumatology, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
    Recurrent pericarditis is a complication of acute pericarditis in 20-30% of the patients and is usually idiopathic in nature. The underlying pathogenesis of this condition remains unclear, although immune-mediated mechanisms seem likely. A subgroup of these patients with refractory symptoms can be challenging to manage, and multiple immunosuppressive medications have been used without consistent benefit. Read More

    Consistency between Self-Reported and Recorded Values for Clinical Measures.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 31;2016:4364761. Epub 2016 Jan 31.
    Purdue University, College of Pharmacy and Regenstrief Center for Healthcare Engineering, Center for Health Outcomes Research and Policy, Robert Heine Pharmacy Building, Room 515, 575 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2091, USA.
    Objectives. This study evaluated consistency between self-reported values for clinical measures and recorded clinical measures. Methods. Read More

    Assessment of the Protective Role of Prenatal Zinc versus Insulin Supplementation on Fetal Cardiac Damage Induced by Maternal Diabetes in Rat Using Caspase-3 and KI67 Immunohistochemical Stains.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:7469549. Epub 2016 Jan 27.
    Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41111, Egypt.
    Maternal diabetes mellitus (DM) affects early organogenesis. Metabolic disorders of DM are associated with a depleted zinc status. This study evaluated the effect of maternal DM on cardiac development of rat fetuses and protective roles of prenatal zinc versus insulin supplementation. Read More

    L-Type Calcium Channels Do Not Play a Critical Role in Chest Blow Induced Ventricular Fibrillation: Commotio Cordis.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 26;2016:5191683. Epub 2016 Jan 26.
    Cardiac Arrhythmia Center, Division of Cardiology, Tufts Medical Center (TMC), P.O. Box 197, 800 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
    Background. In a commotio cordis swine model, ventricular fibrillation (VF) can be induced by a ball blow to the chest believed secondary to activation of mechanosensitive ion channels. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate whether stretch induced activation of the L-type calcium channel may cause intracellular calcium overload and underlie the VF in commotio cordis. Read More

    Early and Long-Term Results of Stent Implantation for Aortic Coarctation in Pediatric Patients Compared to Adolescents: A Single Center Experience.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 27;2016:4818307. Epub 2016 Jan 27.
    Cardiovascular Department, Giannina Gaslini Institute, 16148 Genoa, Italy.
    Background. Stents have become the treatment of choice for native aortic coarctation in adults and adolescents, but in pediatric patients insufficient data are currently available to identify the best therapeutic option. Methods. Read More

    RyR2 QQ2958 Genotype and Risk of Malignant Ventricular Arrhythmias.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 20;2016:2868604. Epub 2016 Jan 20.
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy.
    Ventricular arrhythmias are one of the most common causes of death in developed countries. The use of implantable cardiac defibrillators is the most effective treatment to prevent sudden cardiac death. To date, the ejection fraction is the only approved clinical variable used to determine suitability for defibrillator placement in subjects with heart failure. Read More

    Renal Insufficiency and Early Bystander CPR Predict In-Hospital Outcomes in Cardiac Arrest Patients Undergoing Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia and Cardiac Catheterization: Return of Spontaneous Circulation, Cooling, and Catheterization Registry (ROSCCC Registry).
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 18;2016:8798261. Epub 2016 Jan 18.
    Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R2H 2A6.
    Objective. Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients are a critically ill patient population with high mortality. Combining mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) with early coronary intervention may improve outcomes in this population. Read More

    The Current Approach to Diagnosis and Management of Left Ventricular Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy: Review of the Literature.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 11;2016:5172308. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
    Lehigh Valley Health Network, 1250 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Allentown, PA 18103, USA.
    Isolated left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is a genetic cardiomyopathy characterized by prominent ventricular trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses, or sinusoids, in communication with the left ventricular cavity. The low prevalence of patients with this cardiomyopathy presents a unique challenge for large, prospective trials to assess its pathogenesis, management, and outcomes. In this paper we review the embryology and genetics of LVNC, the diagnostic approach, and propose a management approach based on the current literature available. Read More

    Diagnostic Yield of Echocardiography in Syncope Patients with Normal ECG.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2016 4;2016:1251637. Epub 2016 Jan 4.
    Department of Cardiology, St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center, Paterson, NJ 07503, USA.
    Aim. This study aimed to assess the role of echocardiography as a diagnostic tool in evaluating syncope patients with normal versus abnormal electrocardiogram. Methods. Read More

    Cardiac Sympathetic Nerve Sprouting and Susceptibility to Ventricular Arrhythmias after Myocardial Infarction.
    Cardiol Res Pract 2015 17;2015:698368. Epub 2015 Dec 17.
    Department of Cardiology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai 200092, China.
    Ventricular arrhythmogenesis is thought to be a common cause of sudden cardiac death following myocardial infarction (MI). Nerve remodeling as a result of MI is known to be an important genesis of life-threatening arrhythmias. It is hypothesized that neural modulation might serve as a therapeutic option of malignant arrhythmias. Read More

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