4,212 results match your criteria Cardiology in the Young[Journal]


Covid-19 and Kawasaki syndrome.

Authors:
Viroj Wiwanitkit

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Dr DY Patil University, Pune, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001894DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322145PMC

Off-pump ascending aorta or aortic arch to descending aorta bypass with a pericardial roll for the treatment of critically ill infants with interrupted aortic arch.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 18:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul Medipol University Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: Standard surgical treatment of the interrupted aortic arch with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass is risky especially in critically ill babies. In this manuscript, we present the results of off-pump pericardial roll bypass for the treatment of aortic interruption.

Material And Methods: The technique was applied in nine critically ill infants between July 2011 and December 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001687DOI Listing

Management of fetal ductus arteriosus constriction with Digoxin and oxygen therapy.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jul 3:1-3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Richmond at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Constriction of the fetal ductus arteriosus is rare and usually attributed to medications or CHD. We describe a 24-year-old multigravida at 33 weeks 5 days gestation with echocardiographic findings of severe ductal constriction, a dilated, hypertrophied and hypocontractile right ventricle, and severe tricuspid regurgitation following BC powder® use. Treatment with Digoxin and oxygen resulted in a progressive 71% reduction in peak systolic ductal gradient, improved right ventricular function, and decreased tricuspid regurgitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001560DOI Listing

Staged repair of transposition of the great arteries with anomalous coronary anatomy and complete atrioventricular canal.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jul 3:1-3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Instituto de Cardiopatías Congénitas, Fundación Cardioinfantil, Instituto de Cardiología, Bogotá, Colombia.

The association of complete atrioventricular canal with transposition of the great arteries is rare, with a prevalence of less than 3-5%. We present an 18-month-old patient with a complete atrioventricular canal, side-by-side transposition of the great arteries, and anomalous coronary anatomy, managed initially with pulmonary banding and then by arterial switch with complete atrioventricular canal repair at early infancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001614DOI Listing

A case of COVID-19 in a patient with a univentricular heart post total cavopulmonary connection (Fontan) surgery.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 16:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, Children's Health Ireland, Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a global pandemic which has affected patients and healthcare systems around the world. Patients with underlying health conditions seem to be more severely affected. There are limited reports of patients with univentricular circulations and COVID 19; thus, we report a case of COVID-19 in a patient with a univentricular circulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001882DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322153PMC

Perioperative care of the newborns with CHDs in the time of COVID-19.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 17:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery, Yüksek İhtisas Cardiovascular Hospital of Ankara City Hospital, The Ministry of Health of Turkey, University of Health Sciences of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a novel betacoronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has led to an unexpected outbreak affecting people of all ages. The first data showed that COVID-19 could cause severe pulmonary disease, cardiac injury, and death in adults, especially the elderly and those with concomitant diseases. Currently, it was demonstrated that severe COVID-19 may also develop in neonatal age, although rarely. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001845DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322211PMC

Clinical and socio-economic predictors of work participation in adult CHD patients.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jul 2:1-5. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Background: Adults with CHD have reduced work participation rates compared to adults without CHD. We aimed to quantify employment rate among adult CHD patients in a population-based registry and to describe factors and barriers associated with work participation.

Methods: We retrospectively identified adults with employment information in the North Carolina Congenital Heart Defects Surveillance Network. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001572DOI Listing

Acute rheumatic fever in south-east of Turkey: clinical features and epidemiological evaluation of the patients over the last 25 years.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jul 2:1-9. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey.

This study evaluates clinical and epidemiological features of acute rheumatic fever using the data of last 25 years in our hospital in south-east of Turkey. The medical records of 377 patients with acute rheumatic fever admitted to Pediatric Cardiology Department of Çukurova University during 1993-2017 were retrospectively analysed. Two hundred and six patients were admitted between 1993 and 2000, 91 between 2001 and 2008, and 80 between 2009 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001596DOI Listing

Cardiac workup and monitoring in hospitalised children with COVID- 19.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jul 2:1-4. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Approximately, 1.7 million individuals in the United States have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). This has disproportionately impacted adults, but many children have been infected and hospitalised as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001778DOI Listing

Effect of newborn screening for critical CHD on healthcare utilisation.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jul 2:1-8. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Pediatrics, The Lundquist Institute for Biomedical Innovation at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of state-mandated policies for pulse oximetry screening on healthcare utilisation, with a focus on use of echocardiograms.

Data Sources/study Setting: Healthcare Cost and Utilisation Project, Statewide Inpatient Databases from 2008 to 2014 from six states.

Methods: We defined pre- and post-mandate cohorts based on dates when pulse oximetry became mandated in each state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001742DOI Listing

A fatal adverse event upon adenotonsillectomy in a child. Are Brugada syndrome and propofol real accomplices?

Cardiol Young 2020 Jul 1:1-2. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Institute of Applied Health Sciences, Epidemiology Group, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Department of Anaesthesia, NHS Grampian, Aberdeen, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001754DOI Listing

Registry-based trials: a potential model for cost savings?

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 8;30(6):807-817. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background/aims: Registry-based trials have emerged as a potentially cost-saving study methodology. Early estimates of cost savings, however, conflated the benefits associated with registry utilisation and those associated with other aspects of pragmatic trial designs, which might not all be as broadly applicable. In this study, we sought to build a practical tool that investigators could use across disciplines to estimate the ranges of potential cost differences associated with implementing registry-based trials versus standard clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001018DOI Listing

Pocket-sized echocardiography for screening structural heart disease: diagnostic accuracy and cost-effectiveness for population-based studies.

Cardiol Young 2020 Feb 9;30(2):197-204. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The standard transthoracic echocardiography has some limitations in emergent and community-based situations. The emergence of pocket-sized ultrasound has led to influential advancements.

Methods: In this prospective study, in the hospital-based phase, children with suspected structural heart diseases were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119003111DOI Listing
February 2020

Immunosuppressant associated torsades de pointes after acute heart rejection in an 8-year-old boy.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 30:1-2. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Children's Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Torsades de pointes is a kind of life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmia. We report a case of torsades de pointes in an 8-year-old boy with acute rejection after orthotopic heart transplantation. The causes of torsades de pointes could be either congenital or acquired. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001602DOI Listing

New onset severe right ventricular failure associated with COVID-19 in a young infant without previous heart disease.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 16:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Division of Radiology, Puerta del Mar University Hospital, Cadiz, Spain.

We present our recent experience with a 6-month-old infant with a personal history of short bowel syndrome that presented with fever, cyanosis, and cardiogenic shock secondary to severe pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular failure without pulmonary thromboembolism. He did not present signs of toxin-mediated disease or Kawasaki disease. He was finally diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324758PMC

Transposition of the great vessels and intact ventricular septum: is there an age limit for the arterial switch? Personal experience and review of the literature.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 29:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Istituto Giannina Gaslini Istituto Pediatrico di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Cardiovascular Surgery, Genova, Liguria, Italy.

Objective: Prognosis of the transposition of the great arteries has completely changed since the introduction of the arterial switch. Time limit to perform this intervention is still controversial. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the early and late outcome of primary arterial switch operation beyond the age of months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001456DOI Listing

Unconventional deployment of atrial septal occluder in a patient with atrial septal defect, dextrocardia, and interrupted inferior vena cava.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 29:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Cardiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India.

An atrial septal defect is a rare anomaly in patients with interrupted inferior vena cava, which renders the percutaneous intervention more complex; and hence, innovative approaches should be sought. Dextrocardia further complicates the procedure, and traditional atrial septal device deployment methods cannot be employed. We report a successful percutaneous secundum atrial septal defect closure by a novel deployment strategy along with balloon dilation of associated severe valvular pulmonary stenosis in a patient with dextrocardia and interrupted inferior vena cava. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795112000178XDOI Listing

Persistent left superior vena cava accompanying repaired tetralogy of Fallot: Does it pose a challenge for device implantation?

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 29:1-2. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Kocaeli Universitesi Tip Fakultesi - Cardiology, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Persistent left superior vena cava is a thoracic venous return anomaly. Tetralogy of Fallot is one of the most common congenital anomalies seen with persistent left superior vena cava. We are presenting a successful cardiac resynchronisation therapy device implantation in a patient with repaired tetralogy of Fallot and persistent left superior vena cava combination which has not been previously reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001584DOI Listing

Single-ventricle palliation in children with atrioventricular septal defect and transposition of the great arteries: 45 years of experience.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 29:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: The association of atrioventricular septal defect and transposition of the great arteries is very rare. As a rule, these patients have unbalanced ventricles. However, there have been no studies describing the results of single-ventricle palliation in these children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001791DOI Listing

Successful surgical correction of tetralogy of fallot associated with anomalous left coronary artery connection to pulmonary artery.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 25:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Cardiothoracic surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Tetralogy of fallot is rarely associated with anomalous left coronary artery connection to main pulmonary artery. High index of suspicion is needed preoperatively to diagnose this association and treat successfully. We present a case of 9-year-old boy with the rare association of tetralogy of fallot and anomalous left coronary artery connection to pulmonary artery with a giant steal intercoronary collateral crossing right ventricular outflow tract who was treated successfully by single-stage surgical correction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001730DOI Listing

Aortopexy - an effective strategy for relief of left main bronchus compression.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 25:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, MIOT Centre for Children's Cardiac Care, MIOT Hospitals, Chennai, India.

Congenital anomalies of aortic arch and pulmonary arteries can cause airway compression in children. We present a rare case of left main bronchus compression between the right pulmonary artery and descending thoracic aorta, which was successfully treated by aortopexy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001699DOI Listing

Tricuspid valvuloplasty for isolated tricuspid regurgitation in children.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 25:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Center, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 167 Beilishi Street, Xicheng District, Beijing100037, China.

Background: Isolated congenital tricuspid regurgitation other than Ebstein's anomaly was rare especially for children. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and to assess the results of tricuspid valvuloplasty for children with isolated tricuspid regurgitation.

Methods: From January 2010 to June 2019, 10 consecutive patients with isolated tricuspid regurgitation who were unresponsive to drug therapy underwent tricuspid valvuloplasty in our hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795112000150XDOI Listing
June 2020
0.857 Impact Factor

Implementing standard screening for autism spectrum disorder in CHD.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 25:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Neuropsychology, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Introduction: While the overall prevalence of autism is 1.7% in the United States of America, research has demonstrated a two- to five-fold increase in CHD. The Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Outcome Collaborative recommends screening for autism from infancy through adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001626DOI Listing

Congenital cardiac interventions during the peak phase of COVID-19 pandemics in the country in a pandemics hospital in Istanbul.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 24:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Istanbul Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: In this report, we aim to present our algorithm and results of patients with congenital cardiac disorders who underwent surgical or interventional procedures during the peak phase of the pandemics in our country.

Patients And Methods: The first COVID-19 case was diagnosed in Turkey on 11 March, 2020, and the peak phase seemed to end by the end of April. All the patients whom were referred, treated, or previously operated but still at the hospital during the peak phase of COVID-19 pandemics in the country were included into this retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120002000DOI Listing

Usefulness of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP) as a marker for cardiotoxicity and comparison with echocardiography in paediatric carbon monoxide poisoning.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 23:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Emergency, Ege University School of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

Objectives: To demonstrate the usefulness of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as an early biomarker of carbon monoxide-induced myocardial injury in children. It also aimed to identify the correlation between NT-proBNP and left ventricular systolic dysfunction findings shown by echocardiography.

Methods: Prospective, observational study conducted at a paediatric emergency department between October 2017 and April 2019 which involved children aged 0-17 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001651DOI Listing

Impaired knee extension muscle strength in adolescents but not in children with Fontan circulation.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 23:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Introduction: Impaired isometric muscle strength was previously reported in adults with Fontan circulation. However, it is unclear if this impairment is present in children and adolescents with Fontan circulation. We investigated isometric muscle strength of the lower limb in patients (6-18 years) with Fontan circulation in comparison with healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001675DOI Listing

Not just another large atrial septal defect: complex anatomy, challenging procedure, and an unusual complication.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 16:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Hotel Dieu de France University Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

We report the case of a 59-year-old patient with a complex atrial septal defect in whom a 40-mm Amplatzer™ septal occluder was surgically extracted 50 days following implantation. Deployment manoeuvres were challenging leading to an immediate pericardial effusion that was closely monitored and uneventfully drained after 11 days. A dry pericardium was documented until 4 weeks of outpatient routine follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001468DOI Listing

Periodic fever syndromes: a patient diagnosed with recurrent Kawasaki disease.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 11:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Pediatric Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Kawasaki disease, known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a multi-system disease of unknown aetiology that occurs in young children under 5 years of age. The recurrence rate of Kawasaki disease is as rare as 1-3%. Especially in cases with coronary artery involvement, recurrent Kawasaki disease should be investigated in terms of underlying rheumatologic diseases such as periodic fever syndromes, microscopic polyangiitis, polyarteritis nodosa, and systemic-onset juvenile arthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001444DOI Listing

Literature review of international mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor use in the non-surgical management of haemodynamically significant cardiac rhabdomyomas.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 11:1-11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Children's Health Ireland, Crumlin, Dublin 12, Ireland.

Cardiac rhabdomyomas represent the most common primary paediatric cardiac tumour and typically regresses over time in the majority of patients. Among those who are symptomatic, surgical resection or catheterisation procedures have traditionally proven effective. More recently, those invasive or challenging tumours have been successfully treated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, typically everolimus and sirolimus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795112000147XDOI Listing

Myocardial ischaemia and valve insufficiency caused by a dysplastic aortic valve cusp: a previously unreported unique morphologic anomaly.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 11:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Departments of Pediatrics and Cardiovascular Surgery, Cohen's Children's Hospital, Northwell Health, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra University, New York, NY, USA.

Isolated aortic regurgitation and myocardial infarction are a rare congenital defect among neonatal patients. We present a case of a neonate with an unusual aortic valve morphology causing both regurgitation and obstruction of the left coronary artery ostium. Despite both non-invasive and invasive imaging modalities, accurate diagnosis of the valve morphology was only determined by direct visualisation at the time of surgical repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001377DOI Listing

First reported case of unrepaired tetralogy of Fallot complicated with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19).

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 11:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Cardiovascular Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

The incidence of novel coronavirus disease-19 (nCoV-19) and its associated complications is higher in high-risk groups. In this article, we explain the symptoms and course of the disease and the treatment for an adult patient with CHD who has been infected with novel nCoV-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001821DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7308621PMC

COVID-19 in adult patients with CHD: a matter of anatomy or comorbidities?

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 11:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Pediatric Cardiology and Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XIII Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.

Little is know about COVID-19 outcome in specific populations such as Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. We report three cases of adult patients with similar underlying disease with completely different clinical severity at the time of COVID-19 infection. The patient with the most severe clinical course was obese and diabetic, suggesting that COVID-19 mortality and morbidity in Adult congenital heart disease patients might be independent of anatomic complexity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001638DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306554PMC

An unusual cause of ventricular fibrillatory arrest.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 10:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Comer Children's Hospital and Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Myocarditis is an important cause of arrhythmogenic sudden cardiac arrest in the young. A strong index of suspicion is required as not only can arrhythmias be the only clinical manifestation but also because these patients can have normal cardiac biomarkers, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings, and inflammatory markers. Patients with ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of viral myocarditis, especially the ones in whom cardiac MRI findings normalise upon follow-up, tend to do well in the long run and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator should be avoided in these patients; instead, a wearable defibrillator should be temporarily used as we did in this 7-year-old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001523DOI Listing

Ivabradine as a stabilising anti-arrhythmic agent for multifocal atrial tachycardia.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun;30(6):899-902

Children's Heart Center, Inova Children's Hospital, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Multifocal atrial tachycardia has certain electrocardiographic similarities to atrial fibrillation. The mechanism of atrial fibrillation is heterogenous but in some cases may arise from a single ectopic driver with fibrillatory conduction to the rest of the atria. This has led to the speculation that multifocal atrial tachycardia may have a similar mechanistic unifocal site that disperses through the atrium in a fibrillatory pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001195DOI Listing

UK ACHD response to COVID-19: Which adult patients are being advised to follow shielding by UK centres?

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-2. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Adult Congenital Heart Disease Unit, University Hospitals Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001535DOI Listing

A rare case of primary cardiac Hodgkin lymphoma in a child.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun;30(6):866-868

Division of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.

Primary pediatric cardiac tumors are extremely rare. We report a 14-year-old girl with primary cardiac Hodgkin lymphoma. The large right atrial tumor extended upward and occluded the superior caval vein and left innominate vein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001183DOI Listing

Insights into stent implantation for coronary artery lesions caused by Kawasaki disease.

Authors:
Etsuko Tsuda

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.

Fifty years have passed since the first report of Kawasaki disease in 1967, and the prevalence of acute coronary syndrome in Kawasaki disease patients with coronary artery lesions exceeding 40 years old has increased. Primary coronary stent implantation is currently an acceptable method in ischaemic coronary heart disease in adults. However, it is unknown whether the stent implantation is effective or not in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795112000133XDOI Listing

Reply to Letter: Predictive value of preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio predicts low cardiac output in children after cardiac surgery.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Critical Care Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001559DOI Listing

Eulogy: Professor Milan Šamánek, DrSc, FESC (*09.05.1931 †29.04.2020) - legend from the East.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-2. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Children's Heart Centre, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic.

This article is to commemorate and celebrate achievements of Professor Milan Šamánek who passed away on 29 April, 2020. Milan was an excellent and visionary paediatric cardiologist who helped to establish paediatric cardiology as a speciality in Czechoslovakia and several other east European countries in the late 1970s. Milan was also paramount for connecting the East and West, helping in no small way to establish the Association for European Paediatric Cardiology (AEPC) as the leading learned society in Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001547DOI Listing

A case of AndraStent fracture in a patient with aortic coarctation: a review of the literature.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.

Percutaneous treatment of aortic coarctation is based on angioplasty and/or stenting of the isthmus. We report a case of a 28-year-old girl suffering from aortic coarctation syndrome (coarctation + ventricular septal defect + bicuspid aorta). She underwent coarctectomy with subclavian flap and pulmonary bandage followed by ventricular septal defect closure and bandage removal in her first year of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001304DOI Listing

Non-linear analysis of heart rate variability for evaluating the acute effects of caffeinated beverages in young adults.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Biophysics, School of Medicine, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey.

Caffeinated beverages are the most consumed substances in the world. High rate of uptake of these beverages leads to various cardiovascular disorders ranging from palpitations to coronary failure. The objective of the study is to ascertain how the complexity parameters of heart rate variability are affected by acute consumption of caffeinated beverages in young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001481DOI Listing

Silent in situ thrombus within a hypoplastic left ventricle in a teenager with Fontan palliation.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Thrombosis, especially in the Fontan pathway, is one of the major concerns in patients who underwent Fontan surgery, with reported prevalence of 5-33%. We report a case of thrombus in a rudimentary left ventricle in teenager with no arrhythmia or neurological complications. We also report the special concerns of silent thrombus and role of cardiac MRI in diagnosing an intracardiac thrombus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001511DOI Listing

Impact of transport on arrival status and outcomes in newborns with heart disease: a low-middle-income country perspective.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Amrita University, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Objectives: We sought to systematically study determinants of "clinical status at arrival after transport" of neonates with CHD and its impact on clinical outcomes in a low- and middle-income country environment.

Methods And Results: Consecutive neonates with CHD (n = 138) transported (median distance 138 km; 5-425 km) to a paediatric cardiac programme in Southern India were studied prospectively. Among 138 neonatal transports, 134 were in ambulances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001420DOI Listing

p.R169L mutation and left ventricular hypertrophy in a child with emotion-triggered sudden death.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 9:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Center for Arrhythmia Care, Heart & Vascular Center, Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a rare (prevalence: 1/10,000) channelopathy characterised by exercise-induced or emotion-triggered ventricular arrhythmias. There is an overall paucity of genotype-phenotype correlation studies in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, and in vitro and in vivo effects of individual mutations have not been well characterised. We report an 8-year-old child who carried a mutation in the coding exon 8 of RYR2 (p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001316DOI Listing

N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide serum levels reflect attrition of the Fontan circulation.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun;30(6):753-760

Center for Congenital Heart Diseases, Department of Pediatric Cardiology/Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Objective: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide has an established role in the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure. In Fontan patients, this peptide is often increased, but its diagnostic value in this particular non-physiologic, univentricular circulation is unclear. We investigated whether N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide represents ventricular function or other key variables in Fontan patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120000657DOI Listing

Anomalous origin of a single coronary artery from the pulmonary artery associated with patent ductus arteriosus.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 8:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Centre Cardio-Thoracique de Monaco, Monaco, Monaco.

We report an unusual case of a 12-month-old boy diagnosed with anomalous origin of a single coronary artery from the pulmonary artery associated with patent ductus arteriosus. The patient survival was attributed to left-to-right shunt (patent ductus arteriosus) allowing for appropriate myocardial perfusion. Successful surgical correction involved patent ductus arteriosus closure, mitral annuloplasty and reimplantation of the coronary artery into the aortic root. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001328DOI Listing

Outcomes of Kawasaki disease with giant coronary aneurysms: a single-centre study in southwest China.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 8;30(6):834-839. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Autonomous Region, PR China.

Background: Giant coronary aneurysms are the most severe complications of Kawasaki disease. There are few reports of outcomes from China. Most previous studies were based only on absolute aneurysmal dimensions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001134DOI Listing

Relation of visceral fat and haemodynamics in adults with Fontan circulation.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 5:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Heart Institute, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Being overweight is associated with reduced functional capacity in Fontan patients. Increased adiposity leads to accumulation of epicardial and intra-abdominal visceral fat, which produce proinflammatory cytokines and may affect endothelial function. This retrospective study to evaluate the association between visceral fat and Fontan haemodynamics included 23 Fontan patients >18 years old with MRI and catheterization data available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001419DOI Listing

Anxiety reduction after pre-procedure meetings in patients with CHD.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 5:1-4. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

University of Arizona, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background: Cardiac catheterisations for CHD produce anxiety for patients and families. Current strategies to mitigate anxiety and explain complex anatomy include pre-procedure meetings and educational tools (cardiac diagrams, echocardiograms, imaging, and angiography). More recently, three-dimensionally printed patient-specific models can be added to the armamentarium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001407DOI Listing
June 2020
0.857 Impact Factor

Ivabradine in children with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome: a retrospective study.

Cardiol Young 2020 Jun 5:1-5. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA.

Background: Ivabradine is a unique medication that reduces the intrinsic heart rate by specifically blocking the inward funny current that controls the pacemaker activity of the sinus node. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess the efficacy of ivabradine in children suffering from postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.

Methods: A chart review was conducted of patients less than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome who had received ivabradine as treatment from January 2015 to February 2019 at our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951120001341DOI Listing