3,756 results match your criteria Cardiology in the Young[Journal]


Accuracy of cardiac auscultation in detection of neonatal congenital heart disease by general paediatricians.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 23:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Pediatric Heart Center,Children's Hospital of Fudan University,399 Wan Yuan Road, Shanghai,China.

Background: Challenges remain in the judgement of pathological murmurs in newborns at maternity hospitals, and there are still many simple major CHD patients in developing countries who are not diagnosed in a timely fashion. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of cardiac auscultation on neonatal CHD by general paediatricians.

Methods: We conducted a prospective study at three hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000799DOI Listing

Dead space fractions in neonates following first-stage palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 17:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Medical Education, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, Arizona,USA.

Purpose: (1) To characterise changes in dead space fraction during the first 120 post-operative hours in neonates undergoing stage 1 palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome, including hybrid procedure; (2) to document whether dead space fraction varied by shunt type (Blalock-Taussig shunt and Sano) and hybrid procedure; and (3) to determine the association between dead space fraction and outcomes.

Methods: Retrospective chart review in neonates undergoing stage 1 palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome in a cardiac intensive care unit over a consecutive 30-month period. A linear mixed model was used to determine the differences in dead space over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000076DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Increased QT and P-wave dispersion during attack-free period in pediatric patients with migraine attacks.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 17:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Pediatric Neurology,Medeniyet University Faculty of Medicine,Istanbul,Turkey.

Introduction: Migraine is a common neurovascular disease characterised with recurrent attacks by pain-free periods. It has been suggested that both sympathetic and parasympathetic dysfunctions play a role in its pathophysiology.

Aim: The aim of our study was to investigate the ECG changes during attack-free period in children with migraine, in terms of QTc interval, QTc, and P-wave dispersion to evaluate the autonomic nervous system disturbance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000088DOI Listing

A rare association of left pulmonary artery sling with right pulmonary hypoplasia and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 10:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Obstetrics, Perinatal Center,Fukuoka Children's Hospital,Fukuoka,Japan.

We present the second reported case of left pulmonary artery sling with dextrocardia, right pulmonary hypoplasia, and total pulmonary venous connection in a fetus. This case highlights the importance of the determination of pulmonary artery arrangement by fetal echocardiography if right pulmonary hypoplasia and/or congenital heart disease is suspected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000131DOI Listing

Successful childbirth in a Fontan with protein losing enteropathy.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 10:1-2. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Congenital Heart Center,420 NE Glen Oak Ave, Suite 301, Peoria, IL 61603,USA.

As survival rates and functional status of the adult single ventricle population have grown, some may become pregnant inadvertently or against our advice. The outcomes are often poor, being worse for the fetus/baby rather than the mother with a Fontan circuit. No reports of a successful delivery of a healthy baby to a Fontan mother with protein losing enteropathy were found in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000246DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Novel use of a 3D printed heart model to guide simultaneous percutaneous repair of severe pulmonary regurgitation and right ventricular outflow tract aneurysm.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 10:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Congenital Heart Disease,Evelina London Children's Hospital,Guy's and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London,United Kingdom.

We describe percutaneous repair of severe pulmonary regurgitation and a right ventricular outflow tract pseudoaneurysm in a 19-year-old patient after repair of pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and major aortopulmonary collaterals. A 3D printed model of his heart was used to simulate percutaneous repair with a closure device in the aneurysm neck and a Venus P-valve in the right ventricular outflow tract. The encouraging findings from the simulation allowed us to plan the complex procedure effectively with a successful outcome and avoidance of surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000106DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Transcatheter closure of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects with the Amplatzer ductal occluder: initial experience.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 10:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Cardiology, Fujian Heart Center, Provincial Institute of Coronary Disease,Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University,Fuzhou, Fujian,China.

Background: There is limited experience about transcatheter closure of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects with Amplatzer ductal occluder.

Methods: Between March, 2015 and July, 2017, a total of 22 patients with doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects received transcatheter closure using Amplatzer ductal occluder and underwent clinical follow-up for at least 6 months.

Results: Device implantation was finally successful in 21 (95. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111900009XDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Should we start a nationwide screening program for critical congenital heart disease in Turkey? A pilot study on four centres with different altitudes.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 8:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Neonatology Department,Health Science University, Dr Sami Ulus Research and Application Center,Ankara,Turkey.

Background: To investigate the feasibility of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) screening test by pulse oximetry in four geographical regions of Turkey with different altitudes, before implementation of a nationwide screening program.

Methods: It was a prospective multi-centre study performed in four centres, between December, 2015 and May, 2017. Pre- and post-ductal oxygen saturations and perfusion indices (PI) were measured using Masimo Radical-7 at early postnatal days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000052DOI Listing

Severe hypertriglyceridemia associated with everolimus drug-eluting stent placement in an infant.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 8:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Division of Neonatology,Children's Hospital of Philadelphia,Philadelphia, PA,USA.

We report a case of severe hypertriglyceridemia associated with an everolimus drug-eluting stent in an infant with pulmonary vein stenosis. We review from current literature the mechanisms by which everolimus may cause dyslipidaemia, pharmacokinetics of everolimus in drug-eluting stents, and treatments of hypertriglyceridemia. This case demonstrates the need to closely monitor serum triglyceride levels after everolimus drug-eluting stent placement in infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000167DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Pulmonary artery wall thickness in children with Fontan physiology: an optical coherence tomography case control study.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 8:1-4. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, British Columbia Children's Hospital, 4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V4,Canada.

Introduction: Failure of the Fontan circulation is not a well-understood clinical phenomena.For some patients, a gradual increase in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and structural changes in the pulmonary artery may be an important causative factor. To further investigate this issue, we employed optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate structural changes within the pulmonary arteries of Fontan patients and compared to those with a normal pulmonary circulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000362DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery from the non-coronary sinus of Valsalva.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 8:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Mercy Hospital & Clinics,The University of Missouri Kansas City,Kansas City, MO,USA.

We report a rare case of anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery from the posterior/non-coronary sinus of Valsalva in a 9-year-old male diagnosed during the workup of premature ventricular contractions. The finding was initially noted on transthoracic echocardiogram and further confirmed with computed tomography. The anomalous coronary artery shows a wide ostium with no intramural or interarterial course. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S104795111
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000039DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

New pathogenic variant of BMPR2 in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 8:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Qilu Hospital,Shandong University,Jinan,China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the variant frequency of pulmonary arterial hypertension-related genes and provide theoretical basis for genetic screening of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension further.

Methods: Ten genes associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension were sequenced in 7 cases of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and 34 cases of congenital heart disease (CHD) associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension by next-generation high-throughput sequencing. Function prediction and gene variant amino acid conservation were carried out by bioinformatics software. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000015DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Sudden cardiac death associated with cardiac catheterization in Williams syndrome: a case report and review of literature.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine,Indiana University School of Medicine, Riley Hospital for Children at Indiana University Health,Indianapolis, IN,USA.

Williams syndrome is a rare genetic disease that affects elastin production, leading to medium and large vessel stenoses and other abnormalities. Cardiac manifestations of Williams syndrome are the most life-threatening, occurring in 80% of children. Children with Williams syndrome are known to be at risk for sudden cardiac death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000295DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Rare case of a superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect presenting with cyanosis.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Cardiology,St. Christopher's Hospital for Children,Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,USA.

Cyanosis in a newborn is commonly due to intracardiac shunts or duct-dependent lesions. Systemic venous anomalies are uncommon and sinus venous atrial septal defects do not usually present with cyanosis. We report the case of a 4-month-old female with persistent hypoxemia due to a right superior vena cava overriding a superior sinus venous atrial septal defect resulting in a right to left shunt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000234DOI Listing

Long-term outcome after tricuspid valvectomy in a neonate with Candida endocarditis: a case report.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 5:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Division of Paediatric Cardiology and Radiology, Department of Paediatrics,Erasmus University Medical Centre - Sophia Children's Hospital,Rotterdam,The Netherlands.

Tricuspid valvectomy is a rare surgical intervention, and knowledge regarding long-term outcome in children is lacking. We report a favourable outcome 11 years after tricuspid valvectomy in early infancy without subsequent surgery or other cardiac interventions. Specific criteria for timing of re-intervention are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000027DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Contegra versus pulmonary homograft for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in newborns.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 3:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola (HUDERF),Université Libre de Bruxelles,Brussels,Belgium.

Objectives: Pulmonary homografts are standard alternatives to right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in congenital heart surgery. Unfortunately, shortage and conduit failure by early calcifications and shrinking are observed for small-sized homografts in younger patients. In neonates, Contegra® 12 mm (Medtronic Inc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000143DOI Listing

Is the child at risk? Cardiovascular remodelling in children born to diabetic mothers.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 3:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health,The Aga Khan University,Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess differences in myocardial systolic and diastolic function and vascular function in children 2-5 years of age born to diabetic as compared to non-diabetic mothers.

Methods: This study was a retrospective cohort conducted in 2016 at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. It included children between 2 and 5 years of age born to mothers with and without exposure to diabetes in utero (n = 68 in each group) and who were appropriate for gestational age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000040DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
0.857 Impact Factor

Determination of dynamic thiol/disulphide homeostasis in children with tetralogy of Fallot and ventricular septal defect.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 1:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Medical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Gaziantep,Gaziantep,Turkey.

Oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of congenital heart defects, but the role of dynamic thiol/disulphide homeostasis has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess whether there are changes in thiol/disulphide homeostasis and nitric oxide levels in children with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and ventricular septal defect (VSD). A total of 47 children with congenital heart defects (24 TOF and 23 VSD) and 47 healthy age- and sex-matched controls were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111900012XDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Anaphylactic reaction to anakinra in a child with steroid-dependent idiopathic recurrent pericarditis and successful management with canakinumab.

Cardiol Young 2019 Apr 1:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, Van Training and Research Hospital,University of Health Sciences,Van,Turkey.

Conventional algorithm for treatment of pericarditis and prevention of recurrences consists of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and/or colchicine, followed by corticosteroids in resistant patients. Anakinra has emerged as a promising and safe treatment modality for steroid-dependent idiopathic recurrent pericarditis. However, the efficacy and safety of canakinumab, another anti-interleukin-1 agent, has not been assessed up to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119000672DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Patient characteristics and incidence of childhood hospitalisation due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the United States of America 2001-2014.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar;29(3):344-354

1Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center,Torrance,CA,USA.

This study investigated patient characteristics in paediatric hospitalisations for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We used Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which is the largest all-payer inpatient database in the United States, yielding nationally representative estimates, from 2001 to 2014. ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes identified hospitalisations for patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and <18 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002421DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Multiple congenital ventricular diverticula causing heart failure.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar;29(3):410-411

This paper reports a case of multiple congenital ventricular diverticula, a rare anomaly that is associated with heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111800241XDOI Listing

Results of international assistance for a paediatric heart surgery programme in a single Ukrainian centre.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 28;29(3):363-368. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

2William Novick Global Cardiac Alliance,Memphis,TN,USA.

Background: Surgery for CHD has been slow to develop in parts of the former Soviet Union. The impact of an 8-year surgical assistance programme between an emerging centre and a multi-disciplinary international team that comprised healthcare professionals from developed cardiac programmes is analysed and presented.Material and methodsThe international paediatric assistance programme included five main components - intermittent clinical visits to the site annually, medical education, biomedical engineering support, nurse empowerment, and team-based practice development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002457DOI Listing

Transcatheter left atrial decompression in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: bridging to cardiac transplantation or recovery.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 26;29(3):355-362. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

1Hessen Pediatric Heart Center,Justus Liebig University Clinic Giessen,Giessen,Germany.

Background: Left atrial congestion results from backward failure in dilated cardiomyopathy. We aimed to evaluate feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous atrioseptostomy to create a restrictive atrial septum defect in management of dilated cardiomyopathy.Methods and resultsFrom June 2009 to December 2016, 27 interventions comprised left atria decompressions in 22 dilated cardiomyopathy patients; 9 females; age: 24 days to 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002433DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads
0.857 Impact Factor

Identifying best practices in interstage care: using a positive deviance approach within the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 26;29(3):398-407. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

1Division of Pediatric Cardiology,Congenital Heart Center,C.S. Mott Children's Hospital,University of Michigan Medical School,Ann Arbor, MI,USA.

IntroductionTo identify interstage best practices associated with lower mortality, we studied National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative centres registry using a positive deviance approach.

Methods: Positive deviant and control centre team members were interviewed to identify potential interstage best practices. Subsequently, all collaborative centres were surveyed on the use of these practices to test their associations with centre mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002548DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

"The person who influenced me most was the person who disagreed most strongly with me": an interview with Professor Robert Anderson.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 22;29(3):259-262. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

4Cardiovascular Research Centre,Newcastle University, Institute of Genetic Medicine,Newcastle,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002469DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The Namibian Children's Heart Project: a South-South partnership to provide cardiac care.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):206-213

2Division of Paediatric Cardiology,Department of Paediatrics and Child Health,University of Cape Town,Cape Town,South Africa.

IntroductionCongenital and acquired heart diseases are highly prevalent in developing countries despite limited specialised care. Namibia established a paediatric cardiac service in 2009 with significant human resource and infrastructural constraints. Therefore, patients are referred for cardiac interventions to South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002172DOI Listing
February 2019

Ethics in humanitarian efforts: giving due credit to the local team.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):195-199

William Novick Global Cardiac Alliance,Memphis,TN,USA.

Background: It has become increasingly apparent that only the truly effective humanitarian work emphasises empowering local practitioners. One problem, though, is that we are often seen as the "experts" who have come to "save" the children. This perception may adversely affect the confidence in the country's own providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002081DOI Listing
February 2019

Increased asymmetric dimethylarginine in vitamin B12 deficient adolescents.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):190-194

4Department of Biochemistry,Kayseri Training and Research Hospital,Medical Health University,Kayseri,Turkey.

Objective: Vitamin B12 deficiency induces hyper-hyperhomocysteinemia by inhibiting intracellular methionine re-methylation. Hyper-hyperhomocysteinemia increases the risk of atherosclerosis. Asymmetric dimethylarginine is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase and its level elevates in cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111800207XDOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Association between left ventricular ejection fraction and Kawasaki disease shock syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):178-184

1Department of Children's Heart Center,The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital,Institute of Cardiovascular Development and Translational Medicine,Wenzhou Medical University,Wenzhou,China.

Objective: This study was performed to explore the clinical features of Kawasaki disease shock syndrome and analyse the association between the left ventricular ejection fraction and Kawasaki disease shock syndrome.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all consecutive inpatients with Kawasaki disease at Wenzhou Medical University Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital in Wenzhou, China from January 2009 to December 2016. We compared the clinical characteristics, laboratory data, and left ventricular ejection fraction between patients with and without Kawasaki disease shock syndrome and analysed the effect of the left ventricular ejection fraction on Kawasaki disease shock syndrome under different clinical conditions of Kawasaki disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002056DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Autonomic responses induced by aerobic submaximal exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):169-173

3Post-Graduate Program in Physical Therapy,UNESP,Presidente Prudente,SP,Brazil.

Background: Graded exercises tests are performed in adult populations; nonetheless, the use of this type of assessment is greatly understudied in overweight and obese adolescents.

Objective: To investigate heart rate autonomic responses to submaximal aerobic exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Methods: We recruited 40 adolescents divided into two groups: (1) overweight group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls between Z-score +1 and +2 and (2) obese group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls above Z-score >+2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002007DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia in an infant following cardiac surgery: the culprit in a case of unresolved respiratory distress: Case report and review of the literature.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):238-240

2Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital,St Petersburg,FL,USA.

Acquired diaphragmatic hernia is a rare complication of pediatric intervention or surgery. In this study, we report an infant with iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia following neonatal complex congenital cardiac surgery, and then we review the associated literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001968DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Risk factors for development of obesity in an ethnically diverse CHD population.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):123-127

2Department of Pediatrics,Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai,New York,NY,USA.

Objectives: Previous cross-sectional studies have demonstrated obesity rates in children with CHD and the general paediatric population. We reviewed longitudinal data to identify factors predisposing to the development of obesity in children, hypothesising that age may be an important risk factor for body mass index growth.Study designRetrospective electronic health records were reviewed in all 5-20-year-old CHD patients seen between 2011 and 2015, and in age-, sex-, and race/ethnicity-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001889DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The frequency of asymptomatic urinary system abnormalities in children detected with cineurography imaging during angiocardiography.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):119-122

2Department of Pediatric Cardiology,University of Uludag,Bursa,Turkey.

IntroductionDiagnostic and interventional catheter angiography of the heart is frequently used in paediatric cardiology. It is also possible to detect urinary system anomalies with cineurography images that may be obtained during angiocardiography. In this study, the aim was to determine the frequency, distribution, and properties of urinary system anomalies accompanying heart diseases, and to find out the effectiveness of cineurographic images in detecting the urinary system anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001828DOI Listing
February 2019

Reference values for two-dimensional myocardial strain echocardiography of the left ventricle in healthy children.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 19;29(3):325-337. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

2Department of Cardiology,Erasmus Medical Center,PO Box 2040,3000 CA,Rotterdam,The Netherlands.

Background: Myocardial deformation by speckle tracking echocardiography provides additional information on left ventricular function. Values of myocardial deformation (strain and strain rate) depend on the type of ultrasound machine and software that is used. Normative values for QLAB (Philips) are scarce, especially for children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002378DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Hazards of ventricular pre-excitation to left ventricular systolic function and ventricular wall motion in children: analysis of 25 cases.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 15;29(3):380-388. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Beijing Anzhen Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing100029,China.

AimThe aim was to attach importance to the hazards of ventricular pre-excitation on left ventricular systolic function and size. METHOD: We analysed the clinical, electrophysiological, and echocardiographic characteristics of the 25 cases with abnormal ventricular wall motion, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or dilation with co-existing right-sided overt accessary pathways before and after ablation or medication during March 2011 and June 2017. Moreover, we compared the therapy effect between patients with ventricular pre-excitation-induced dilated cardiomyopathy and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy without ventricular pre-excitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002500DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Utilisation of a three-dimensional printed model for the management of coronary-pulmonary artery fistula from left main coronary artery.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 15;29(3):431-434. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Division of Cardiology,Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics,Children's Hospital of Michigan,Wayne State University School of Medicine,Detroit,MI,USA.

Coronary-pulmonary artery fistula is a rare anomaly in which an aortopulmonary collateral artery arises from a coronary artery, often seen in patients with pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect. In the presented case, a coronary-pulmonary artery fistula arose from the left main coronary artery and supplied blood flow to a left upper lobe segment. The life-sized three-dimensional printed model was helpful in pre-surgical planning for unifocalisation of the aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002317DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Treatment exposures stratify need for echocardiographic screening in asymptomatic long-term survivors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 12;29(3):338-343. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2Division of Cardiology,Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center,Cincinnati, OH,USA.

We sought to define the prevalence of echocardiographic abnormalities in long-term survivors of paediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and determine the utility of screening in asymptomatic patients. We analysed echocardiograms performed on survivors who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from 1982 to 2006. A total of 389 patients were alive in 2017, with 114 having an echocardiogram obtained ⩾5 years post-infusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111800238XDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

High acetylsalicylic acid dosing in infants after modified Blalock-Taussig shunt.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 11;29(3):389-397. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

3Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery,Department of Surgery,The University of Tennessee Health Science Center,Memphis,TN,USA.

Objective: Shunt-related adverse events are frequent in infants after modified Blalock-Taussig despite use of acetylsalicylic acid prophylaxis. A higher incidence of acetylsalicylic acid-resistance and sub-therapeutic acetylsalicylic acid levels has been reported in infants. We evaluated whether using high-dose acetylsalicylic acid can decrease shunt-related adverse events in infants after modified Blalock-Taussig. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002536DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
0.857 Impact Factor

The closing process of the ductus arteriosus connecting the left common carotid artery and main pulmonary artery.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 11;29(3):422-424. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Osaka Women's and Children's Hospital,Osaka,Japan.

An isolated left common carotid artery is very rare, and only 13 cases have been reported thus far. All those cases were accompanied by a right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery, and the connecting vessel between the pulmonary artery and left common carotid artery was thought to be ductal tissue. However, there have been no reports that have followed the natural closure of this vessel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002275DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Perinatal intracardiac teratoma: unusual presentation and review of the literature.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 8;29(3):439-441. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1M3C-Necker,Hôpital Necker-Enfants malades,AP-HP,Paris,France.

Intracardiac teratomas are rare primary tumours. We report the case of an infant prenatally diagnosed with an isolated multi-cystic mass developed in the right ventricle causing neonatal refractory ventricular arrhythmia. Despite rescue extracorporeal support and partial surgical resection, he died as almost all the previous reported perinatal intracardiac teratomas whatever the prenatal tolerance and the size of the tumour. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S104795111
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002354DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Hybrid procedure of right ventricle outflow tract stenting in small infants with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect: early and mid-term results from a single centre.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 6;29(3):375-379. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

1Cardio-Thoracic,Abdominal and Transplantation Department,IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini,Genoa,Italy.

IntroductionPulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries, and pulmonary arteries hypoplasia are rare and complex congenital defects that require early interventions to relieve cyanosis and enhance the growth of native pulmonary arteries. The treatment of these patients is still controversial. Surgical techniques require cardiopulmonary bypass which is poorly tolerated by small infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002482DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Successful everolimus-eluting stent implantation into the left main trunk stenosis in the anomalous coronary artery after neo-aortic valve replacement in a 6-year-old boy.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 4;29(3):448-450. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

2Pediatric Heart Disease & Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center,Showa University Hospital,Shinagawa-ku,Tokyo,Japan.

CHDs occasionally have coronary complications; however, stent implantation is technically difficult in small children. We reported a successful drug-eluting stent implantation into the congenital anomalous coronary artery in a 6-year-old boy. This treatment is useful for rescuing coronary stenosis, and dual antiplatelet therapy is important to prevent stent restenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002512DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Atrioventricular valves dysplasia in a newborn.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 4;29(3):451-453. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Congenital Cardiac Surgery - Hospital Universitario "12 de Octubre",Avenida de Cordoba,s/n, 28041,Madrid,Spain.

A newborn with prenatally diagnosed dysplasia of both atrioventricular valves presented after birth with signs and symptoms of low cardiac output, severe regurgitation of both mitral and tricuspid valves. This combination is as rare as challenging, since it regards both the timing and management of this complex cardiac malformation. We report an early surgical repair of both atrioventricular valves in a symptomatic newborn, which improved his clinical status and, so far, delayed valve replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002524DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The python aortic arch.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 4;29(3):412-413. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

3Institute of Genetic Medicine,Newcastle University,Newcastle-upon-Tyne,UK.

Aortic arch anomalies are rare congenital cardiovascular malformations. We present a case of a 9-year-old asymptomatic boy with an unusual, unknown arch anomaly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002445DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy secondary to non-accidental trauma presenting as an "unwitnessed" arrest.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 4;29(3):442-444. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Riley Hospital for Children,Pediatric Cardiology,Indianapolis,IN,USA.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterised by akinesis and ballooning of the left ventricular apex during contraction of the otherwise normal base of the heart. We describe the case of a 7-month-old previously healthy female who presented with an unwitnessed cardiac arrest. Workup raised suspicion for non-accidental trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002366DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Anomalous origin of left vertebral artery from ascending aorta associated with interrupted aortic arch and persistent truncus arteriosus.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 4;29(3):414-415. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions,All India Institute of Medical Sciences,New Delhi-110029,India.

We present a case of a 3-week-old boy with persistent truncus arteriosus associated with interrupted right aortic arch having an anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery from the ascending aorta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002494DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

How do diet and exercise programmes affect the cardiovascular risk profiles of obese children?

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 1;29(2):200-205. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

2Department of Pediatric Cardiology,University of Health Sciences,Kartal Koşuyolu Research and Training Hospital,Istanbul,Turkey.

Obesity is a global health issue in both children and adults. Besides its comorbidities, cardiac structure and functions may be impaired from childhood if obesity is not controlled in the growing years. The effects of diet and exercise on the cardiovascular functions and biochemical parameters of obese children were evaluated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002093DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Younger age remains a risk factor for prolonged length of stay after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 30;29(3):369-374. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1Division of Pediatric Cardiology,Department of Pediatrics,Stanford University School of Medicine,Lucile Packard Children's Hospital,Stanford, CA,USA.

Objective: This study sets out to determine the influence of age at the time of surgery as a risk factor for post-operative length of stay after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis.

Methods: All patients undergoing a Glenn procedure between January 2010 and July 2015 were included in this retrospective cohort study. Demographic data were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002470DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Complete tracheal rings and hypoplastic left heart variant: a rare and fatal association.

Cardiol Young 2019 Mar 30;29(3):445-447. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Division of Cardiology,Department of Pediatrics,Children's Hospital of Michigan,Detroit,MI,USA.

Congenital complete tracheal rings are usually associated with pulmonary slings. We report a rare association of congenital complete tracheal rings with hypoplastic left heart variant. A term infant with diagnosis of a mildly hypoplastic mitral valve, unicuspid aortic valve, and moderately hypoplastic aortic arch with severe coarctation underwent a hybrid procedure initially. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002391DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads
0.857 Impact Factor