3,731 results match your criteria Cardiology in the Young[Journal]


The Namibian Children's Heart Project: a South-South partnership to provide cardiac care.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):206-213

2Division of Paediatric Cardiology,Department of Paediatrics and Child Health,University of Cape Town,Cape Town,South Africa.

IntroductionCongenital and acquired heart diseases are highly prevalent in developing countries despite limited specialised care. Namibia established a paediatric cardiac service in 2009 with significant human resource and infrastructural constraints. Therefore, patients are referred for cardiac interventions to South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002172DOI Listing
February 2019

Ethics in humanitarian efforts: giving due credit to the local team.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):195-199

William Novick Global Cardiac Alliance,Memphis,TN,USA.

Background: It has become increasingly apparent that only the truly effective humanitarian work emphasises empowering local practitioners. One problem, though, is that we are often seen as the "experts" who have come to "save" the children. This perception may adversely affect the confidence in the country's own providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002081DOI Listing
February 2019

Increased asymmetric dimethylarginine in vitamin B12 deficient adolescents.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):190-194

4Department of Biochemistry,Kayseri Training and Research Hospital,Medical Health University,Kayseri,Turkey.

Objective: Vitamin B12 deficiency induces hyper-hyperhomocysteinemia by inhibiting intracellular methionine re-methylation. Hyper-hyperhomocysteinemia increases the risk of atherosclerosis. Asymmetric dimethylarginine is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase and its level elevates in cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111800207XDOI Listing
February 2019

Association between left ventricular ejection fraction and Kawasaki disease shock syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):178-184

1Department of Children's Heart Center,The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital,Institute of Cardiovascular Development and Translational Medicine,Wenzhou Medical University,Wenzhou,China.

Objective: This study was performed to explore the clinical features of Kawasaki disease shock syndrome and analyse the association between the left ventricular ejection fraction and Kawasaki disease shock syndrome.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all consecutive inpatients with Kawasaki disease at Wenzhou Medical University Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital in Wenzhou, China from January 2009 to December 2016. We compared the clinical characteristics, laboratory data, and left ventricular ejection fraction between patients with and without Kawasaki disease shock syndrome and analysed the effect of the left ventricular ejection fraction on Kawasaki disease shock syndrome under different clinical conditions of Kawasaki disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002056DOI Listing
February 2019

Autonomic responses induced by aerobic submaximal exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):169-173

3Post-Graduate Program in Physical Therapy,UNESP,Presidente Prudente,SP,Brazil.

Background: Graded exercises tests are performed in adult populations; nonetheless, the use of this type of assessment is greatly understudied in overweight and obese adolescents.

Objective: To investigate heart rate autonomic responses to submaximal aerobic exercise in obese and overweight adolescents.

Methods: We recruited 40 adolescents divided into two groups: (1) overweight group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls between Z-score +1 and +2 and (2) obese group comprising 10 boys and 10 girls above Z-score >+2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002007DOI Listing
February 2019

Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia in an infant following cardiac surgery: the culprit in a case of unresolved respiratory distress: Case report and review of the literature.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):238-240

2Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital,St Petersburg,FL,USA.

Acquired diaphragmatic hernia is a rare complication of pediatric intervention or surgery. In this study, we report an infant with iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia following neonatal complex congenital cardiac surgery, and then we review the associated literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001968DOI Listing
February 2019

Risk factors for development of obesity in an ethnically diverse CHD population.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):123-127

2Department of Pediatrics,Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai,New York,NY,USA.

Objectives: Previous cross-sectional studies have demonstrated obesity rates in children with CHD and the general paediatric population. We reviewed longitudinal data to identify factors predisposing to the development of obesity in children, hypothesising that age may be an important risk factor for body mass index growth.Study designRetrospective electronic health records were reviewed in all 5-20-year-old CHD patients seen between 2011 and 2015, and in age-, sex-, and race/ethnicity-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001889DOI Listing
February 2019

The frequency of asymptomatic urinary system abnormalities in children detected with cineurography imaging during angiocardiography.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb;29(2):119-122

2Department of Pediatric Cardiology,University of Uludag,Bursa,Turkey.

IntroductionDiagnostic and interventional catheter angiography of the heart is frequently used in paediatric cardiology. It is also possible to detect urinary system anomalies with cineurography images that may be obtained during angiocardiography. In this study, the aim was to determine the frequency, distribution, and properties of urinary system anomalies accompanying heart diseases, and to find out the effectiveness of cineurographic images in detecting the urinary system anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001828DOI Listing
February 2019

Reference values for two-dimensional myocardial strain echocardiography of the left ventricle in healthy children.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 19:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

2Department of Cardiology,Erasmus Medical Center,PO Box 2040,3000 CA,Rotterdam,The Netherlands.

Background: Myocardial deformation by speckle tracking echocardiography provides additional information on left ventricular function. Values of myocardial deformation (strain and strain rate) depend on the type of ultrasound machine and software that is used. Normative values for QLAB (Philips) are scarce, especially for children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002378DOI Listing
February 2019

Hazards of ventricular pre-excitation to left ventricular systolic function and ventricular wall motion in children: analysis of 25 cases.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Beijing Anzhen Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing100029,China.

AimThe aim was to attach importance to the hazards of ventricular pre-excitation on left ventricular systolic function and size. METHOD: We analysed the clinical, electrophysiological, and echocardiographic characteristics of the 25 cases with abnormal ventricular wall motion, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or dilation with co-existing right-sided overt accessary pathways before and after ablation or medication during March 2011 and June 2017. Moreover, we compared the therapy effect between patients with ventricular pre-excitation-induced dilated cardiomyopathy and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy without ventricular pre-excitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002500DOI Listing
February 2019

Utilisation of a three-dimensional printed model for the management of coronary-pulmonary artery fistula from left main coronary artery.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 15:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Division of Cardiology,Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics,Children's Hospital of Michigan,Wayne State University School of Medicine,Detroit,MI,USA.

Coronary-pulmonary artery fistula is a rare anomaly in which an aortopulmonary collateral artery arises from a coronary artery, often seen in patients with pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect. In the presented case, a coronary-pulmonary artery fistula arose from the left main coronary artery and supplied blood flow to a left upper lobe segment. The life-sized three-dimensional printed model was helpful in pre-surgical planning for unifocalisation of the aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002317DOI Listing
February 2019

Treatment exposures stratify need for echocardiographic screening in asymptomatic long-term survivors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 12:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

2Division of Cardiology,Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center,Cincinnati, OH,USA.

We sought to define the prevalence of echocardiographic abnormalities in long-term survivors of paediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and determine the utility of screening in asymptomatic patients. We analysed echocardiograms performed on survivors who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from 1982 to 2006. A total of 389 patients were alive in 2017, with 114 having an echocardiogram obtained ⩾5 years post-infusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111800238XDOI Listing
February 2019

High acetylsalicylic acid dosing in infants after modified Blalock-Taussig shunt.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 11:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

3Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery,Department of Surgery,The University of Tennessee Health Science Center,Memphis,TN,USA.

Objective: Shunt-related adverse events are frequent in infants after modified Blalock-Taussig despite use of acetylsalicylic acid prophylaxis. A higher incidence of acetylsalicylic acid-resistance and sub-therapeutic acetylsalicylic acid levels has been reported in infants. We evaluated whether using high-dose acetylsalicylic acid can decrease shunt-related adverse events in infants after modified Blalock-Taussig. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002536DOI Listing
February 2019
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The closing process of the ductus arteriosus connecting the left common carotid artery and main pulmonary artery.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 11:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Osaka Women's and Children's Hospital,Osaka,Japan.

An isolated left common carotid artery is very rare, and only 13 cases have been reported thus far. All those cases were accompanied by a right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery, and the connecting vessel between the pulmonary artery and left common carotid artery was thought to be ductal tissue. However, there have been no reports that have followed the natural closure of this vessel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002275DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Perinatal intracardiac teratoma: unusual presentation and review of the literature.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 8:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

1M3C-Necker,Hôpital Necker-Enfants malades,AP-HP,Paris,France.

Intracardiac teratomas are rare primary tumours. We report the case of an infant prenatally diagnosed with an isolated multi-cystic mass developed in the right ventricle causing neonatal refractory ventricular arrhythmia. Despite rescue extracorporeal support and partial surgical resection, he died as almost all the previous reported perinatal intracardiac teratomas whatever the prenatal tolerance and the size of the tumour. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S104795111
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002354DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Hybrid procedure of right ventricle outflow tract stenting in small infants with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect: early and mid-term results from a single centre.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 6:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

1Cardio-Thoracic,Abdominal and Transplantation Department,IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini,Genoa,Italy.

IntroductionPulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries, and pulmonary arteries hypoplasia are rare and complex congenital defects that require early interventions to relieve cyanosis and enhance the growth of native pulmonary arteries. The treatment of these patients is still controversial. Surgical techniques require cardiopulmonary bypass which is poorly tolerated by small infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002482DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Successful everolimus-eluting stent implantation into the left main trunk stenosis in the anomalous coronary artery after neo-aortic valve replacement in a 6-year-old boy.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 4:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

2Pediatric Heart Disease & Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center,Showa University Hospital,Shinagawa-ku,Tokyo,Japan.

CHDs occasionally have coronary complications; however, stent implantation is technically difficult in small children. We reported a successful drug-eluting stent implantation into the congenital anomalous coronary artery in a 6-year-old boy. This treatment is useful for rescuing coronary stenosis, and dual antiplatelet therapy is important to prevent stent restenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002512DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Atrioventricular valves dysplasia in a newborn.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 4:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Congenital Cardiac Surgery - Hospital Universitario "12 de Octubre",Avenida de Cordoba,s/n, 28041,Madrid,Spain.

A newborn with prenatally diagnosed dysplasia of both atrioventricular valves presented after birth with signs and symptoms of low cardiac output, severe regurgitation of both mitral and tricuspid valves. This combination is as rare as challenging, since it regards both the timing and management of this complex cardiac malformation. We report an early surgical repair of both atrioventricular valves in a symptomatic newborn, which improved his clinical status and, so far, delayed valve replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002524DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The python aortic arch.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 4:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

3Institute of Genetic Medicine,Newcastle University,Newcastle-upon-Tyne,UK.

Aortic arch anomalies are rare congenital cardiovascular malformations. We present a case of a 9-year-old asymptomatic boy with an unusual, unknown arch anomaly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002445DOI Listing
February 2019

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy secondary to non-accidental trauma presenting as an "unwitnessed" arrest.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 4:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Riley Hospital for Children,Pediatric Cardiology,Indianapolis,IN,USA.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterised by akinesis and ballooning of the left ventricular apex during contraction of the otherwise normal base of the heart. We describe the case of a 7-month-old previously healthy female who presented with an unwitnessed cardiac arrest. Workup raised suspicion for non-accidental trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002366DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Anomalous origin of left vertebral artery from ascending aorta associated with interrupted aortic arch and persistent truncus arteriosus.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 4:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions,All India Institute of Medical Sciences,New Delhi-110029,India.

We present a case of a 3-week-old boy with persistent truncus arteriosus associated with interrupted right aortic arch having an anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery from the ascending aorta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002494DOI Listing
February 2019

How do diet and exercise programmes affect the cardiovascular risk profiles of obese children?

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 1;29(2):200-205. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

2Department of Pediatric Cardiology,University of Health Sciences,Kartal Koşuyolu Research and Training Hospital,Istanbul,Turkey.

Obesity is a global health issue in both children and adults. Besides its comorbidities, cardiac structure and functions may be impaired from childhood if obesity is not controlled in the growing years. The effects of diet and exercise on the cardiovascular functions and biochemical parameters of obese children were evaluated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002093DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Younger age remains a risk factor for prolonged length of stay after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 30:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1Division of Pediatric Cardiology,Department of Pediatrics,Stanford University School of Medicine,Lucile Packard Children's Hospital,Stanford, CA,USA.

Objective: This study sets out to determine the influence of age at the time of surgery as a risk factor for post-operative length of stay after bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis.

Methods: All patients undergoing a Glenn procedure between January 2010 and July 2015 were included in this retrospective cohort study. Demographic data were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002470DOI Listing
January 2019

Complete tracheal rings and hypoplastic left heart variant: a rare and fatal association.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 30:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Division of Cardiology,Department of Pediatrics,Children's Hospital of Michigan,Detroit,MI,USA.

Congenital complete tracheal rings are usually associated with pulmonary slings. We report a rare association of congenital complete tracheal rings with hypoplastic left heart variant. A term infant with diagnosis of a mildly hypoplastic mitral valve, unicuspid aortic valve, and moderately hypoplastic aortic arch with severe coarctation underwent a hybrid procedure initially. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002391DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Psychological distress in adults with congenital heart disease: focus beyond depression.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 30;29(2):185-189. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

2Knight Cardiovascular Institute,Oregon Health & Science University,Portland, OR, USA.

Background: Adults with congenital heart disease face psychological challenges although an understanding of depression vs. anxiety symptoms is unclear. We analyzed the prevalence of elevated symptoms of anxiety and depression and explored associations with demographic and medical factors as well as quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002068DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Balloon atrial septostomy at the bedside versus the catheterisation laboratory.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Cardiology,Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology,Thiruvananthapuram,Kerala,India.

A shorter umbilical venous approach provides an opportunity for balloon atrial septostomy in the younger neonate as opposed to those who present at the end of first week of life. However, the ideal choice of access for a bedside balloon atrial septostomy is not well established. Wouldn't prostaglandin infusion be a safer option for transport of babies with dextro-transposition in the neonatal period, when the arterial duct can be kept open? A prenatal diagnosis of dextro-transposition facilitates monitoring and planning of septostomy in the early neonatal period explaining why babies underwent bedside procedures more often. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002214DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Left and right ventricular function by echocardiography, tissue Doppler imaging, carotid intima-media thickness, and asymmetric dimethyl arginine levels in obese adolescents with metabolic syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 28:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

7Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Faculty of Medicine,Necmettin Erbakan University Konya,Konya,Turkey.

PurposeThe aim of our study was to assess left ventricle and right ventricle systolic and diastolic functions in obese adolescents with metabolic syndrome using conventional echocardiography and pulsed-wave tissue Doppler imaging and to investigate carotis intima-media thickness, and asymmetric dimethyl arginine levels.

Methods: A total of 198 obese adolescents were enrolled in the study. The obese patients were divided into metabolic syndrome group and non-metabolic syndrome group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002329DOI Listing
January 2019

Creation of a novel algorithm to identify patients with Becker and Duchenne muscular dystrophy within an administrative database and application of the algorithm to assess cardiovascular morbidity.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 26:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

1Thomas P Graham Division of Pediatric Cardiology,Department of Pediatrics,Vanderbilt University Medical Center,Nashville,TN,USA.

Background: Outcome analyses in large administrative databases are ideal for rare diseases such as Becker and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Unfortunately, Becker and Duchenne do not yet have specific International Classification of Disease-9/-10 codes. We hypothesised that an algorithm could accurately identify these patients within administrative data and improve assessment of cardiovascular morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002226DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Transient left bundle branch block and left ventricular dysfunction in a patient with NLRP1-associated autoinflammation with arthritis and dyskeratosis syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

1Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Radboud University Medical Centre,Nijmegen,The Netherlands.

The NLRP1-associated autoinflammation with arthritis and dyskeratosis syndrome is a rare novel autoinflammatory disorder. Cardiac involvement has not been previously reported. We present a 12-year-old girl with NLRP1-associated autoinflammation with arthritis and dyskeratosis syndrome who was diagnosed with severely impaired left ventricular function and complete left bundle branch block during an exacerbation of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002342DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Occurrence of nutritional hypocalcaemic rickets-related dilated cardiomyopathy in a child with concomitant rickets and infantile-onset Pompe disease.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 25:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

2Pediatric Cardiology, Van Training and Research Hospital,University of Health Sciences,Van,Turkey.

Infantile-onset Pompe disease is a lysosomal storage disorder characterised with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, respiratory insufficiency, and hypotonia. Dilated cardiomyopathy is an extremely rare and curable complication of nutritional hypocalcaemic rickets. A 3-month-old female infant was referred to our paediatric ICU with a 4-day history of fatigue, tachypnoea, tachycardia, hypoxia, and respiratory failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002287DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

A dedicated paediatric logistic organ dysfunction score - adjusted pressure injury risk assessment scale is required for tertiary paediatric ICUs.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 25:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Paediatric Intensive Care Unit,Queensland Children's Hospital,Brisbane,Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002251DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Rapid development of pulmonary hypertension during treatment of paediatric cancer.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Pediatrics,Washington University School of Medicine,Children's Place,St Louis, MO,USA.

Paediatric pulmonary hypertension has been described as a secondary complication of multiple diseases and their treatment. Limited information exists about the relationship between pulmonary hypertension and cancer in children. A review of charts was performed in all patients treated for cancer and developed pulmonary hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002196DOI Listing
January 2019

Impaired systolic and diastolic left ventricular function in children and adolescents with congenital adrenal hyperplasia receiving corticosteroid therapy.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 24:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

1Department of Pediatric Endocrinology,Dokuz Eylül University,Faculty of Medicine,Izmir,Turkey.

AimThe present study aimed to evaluate systolic and diastolic myocardial function in children and adolescents with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Methods: The study included 44 children with the diagnosis of classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia and 39 healthy children whose age, pubertal status, and gender were similar to those of the patient group. Anthropometric parameters and 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels were measured, and bone age was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002330DOI Listing
January 2019

Cor triatriatum sinister with left anomalous pulmonary venous return to innominate vein.

Cardiol Young 2019 Jan 24:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Cardiac Surgery,University of Heidelberg,Heidelberg,Germany.

Cor triatriatum sinister is a rare congenital abnormality, with varying signs and symptoms related to the anatomic features and the components of the accompanying cardiac abnormalities. We present a 3-year-old girl who underwent successful simultaneous operation with complete loss of the membrane and ligation of vertical vein by anomalous venous return. The principles for surgical management of cor triatriatum can be summarised as radical resection of the membrane and correction of other intracardiac anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002305DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Health-related quality of life in pre-school age children with single-ventricle CHD.

Cardiol Young 2019 Feb 2;29(2):162-168. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

1Child Research Centre,University Children's Hospital,Zurich,Switzerland.

Background: Little is known about health-related quality of life in young children undergoing staged palliation for single-ventricle CHD. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of CHD on daily life in pre-schoolers with single-ventricle CHD and to identify determinants of health-related quality of life.

Method: Prospective two-centre cohort study assessing health-related quality of life using the Preschool Paediatric Cardiac Quality of Life Inventory in 46 children at a mean age of 38 months and 3 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001993DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Clinical course of a fetus with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and premature ductal constriction.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 27:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

3Department of Radiology,Children's National Medical Center,Washington,DC,USA.

Premature ductal constriction was diagnosed in a 30-week gestation fetus with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The fetus developed right ventricular hypertrophy and mild tricuspid regurgitation. Foetal neuroimaging showed slowed growth of the brain and increased lactate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001701DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

A review: Percutaneous pulmonary artery stenosis therapy: state-of-the-art and look to the future.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 27:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

1Division of Cardiology,Boston Children's Hospital,Boston,MA,USA.

Stenosis, or narrowing, of the branches of the pulmonary artery is a type of CHD that, if left untreated, may lead to significant complications. Ideally, interventions to treat stenosis occur before significant complications or long-term sequelae take place, often within the first 2 years of life. Treatment depends on specifics of the condition, the presence of other malformations, and age of the child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118001087DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Aborted sudden cardiac death in a young soldier with concomitant hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 26:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

2Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine,The Armed Forces Capital Hospital,Seongnam,Republic of Korea.

We present a young soldier presenting with aborted sudden cardiac death, who was found to have concomitant hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Along with pathological haemodynamic features of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an easily-inducible re-entrant tachycardia was clearly documented in our patient. Given the fatal potential of supraventricular tachycardia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, we postulated that his tachyarrhythmia could potentially trigger the event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002123DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Prenatal thrombosis of the ductus arteriosus.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 26:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

3Prenatal Diagnosis Center,Hospital Garcia de Orta,Almada,Portugal.

Spontaneous thrombus in the ductus arteriosus, without associated ductal aneurysm, is a rare condition. We report successful management with clinical and echocardiographic follow-up in a newborn with prenatal diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002159DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Rare case of septum primum malposition defect in dextrocardia and situs inversus totalis without heterotaxy syndrome.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 26:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology,Cleveland Clinic Children's,Cleveland, OH,USA.

Septum primum malposition defect is an extremely rare CHD and is often found in patients with visceral heterotaxy, particularly of the polysplenia type. We describe a unique patient with dextrocardia, situs inversus totalis, and bilateral superior vena caval veins without heterotaxy syndrome who was diagnosed with an interatrial defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage due to malposition of the septum primum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002263DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Shone's complex in a patient with chromosome 9q34.3 deletion (Kleefstra syndrome).

Authors:
Utkarsh Kohli

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 26:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

1Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Division of Pediatrics,St. John Hospital and Medical Center,Detroit, MI,USA.

Kleefstra syndrome (chromosome 9q34.3 deletion) is a rare genetic disorder with less than 110 patients reported till date. We report a 4-month-old Caucasian girl with Kleefstra syndrome and Shone's complex, an association which has not been previously reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111800210XDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Emerging trends in the prenatal diagnosis of complex CHD and its influence on infant mortality in this cohort.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 26:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Pediatrics,Division of Pediatric Cardiology,Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami Miller School of Medicine,Miami,FL,USA.

Background: Fetal echocardiography is the main modality of prenatal diagnosis of CHD. This study was done to describe the trends and benefits associated with prenatal diagnosis of complex CHD at a tertiary care centre.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of patients with complex CHD over an 18-year period was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002147DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Unilateral unidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis in a patient with bilateral superior caval veins and atretic left pulmonary artery.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 26:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Cardiothoracic Centre,All India Institute of Medical Sciences,New Delhi,India.

A unidirectional superior cavopulmonary anastomosis was performed on the right side in a patient with a functionally univentricular heart, atresia of main and left pulmonary artery, bilateral superior caval veins, and a patent arterial duct in the right pulmonary artery. Anastomosis of the left superior caval vein to the right superior caval vein created a neo-innominate vein without using prosthetic material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002111DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Fulminant cytomegalovirus myocarditis in an infant with concomitant large atrial and ventricular septal defects: medical intervention strategy for functional cardiac regeneration.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 21:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Pediatric Cardiology,Goethe University,Frankfurt/Main,Germany.

A cytomegalovirus-associated heart failure in a young infant with atrial and ventricular septal defects is reported in this case report. The patient recovered by an anti-congestive and anti-viral therapy with an extra percutaneous transcatheter treatment strategy. In the context of bi-ventricular predominant right heart failure associated with supra-systemic pulmonary hypertension, the already closed arterial duct was re-opened and stented to unload the right ventricle and thereby augment the systemic blood flow. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S104795111
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002160DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation in patients after Ross procedure: role of intravascular ultrasound.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 21:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

1First Department of Cardiology,Medical University of Warsaw,Warsaw,Poland.

Coronary compression exclusion during right ventricle outflow tract stenting is recommended and potential oversight may be fatal. Balloon inflation in right ventricle outflow tract with simultaneous aortography can be inconclusive or falsely negative. We present a case of 27-year-old male post Ross operation qualified for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002202DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Research priorities in single-ventricle heart conditions: a United Kingdom national study.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 21:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

2Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences,University of Birmingham,Birmingham,UK.

Objective: To bring together stakeholders in the United Kingdom to establish national priorities for research in single-ventricle heart conditions.

Methods: This study comprised two surveys and a workshop. The initial public online survey asked respondents up to three questions they would like answered for research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104795111800224XDOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Clinical aspects of splenomegaly as a possible predictive factor of coronary artery changes in Kawasaki disease.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 21:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Changwon Hospital,Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine,Changwon,Korea.

Background: Although many clinical features that are not typically included in the diagnostic criteria for Kawasaki disease, such as gall bladder hydrops, are known to occur with Kawasaki disease, splenomegaly is not concerned. We investigated the relationship of splenomegaly with the development of coronary artery lesions in Kawasaki disease.Methods and resultsThis retrospective descriptive study was conducted through a review of medical records of children with Kawasaki disease from March 2011 to February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002238DOI Listing
December 2018
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Thymidylate synthase gene variation is associated with the risk for conotruncal heart defects in Chinese population.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 21:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

2Department of Science and Education,Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital,Guiyang,China.

Conotruncal heart defects are considered to be one of the most common types of birth defect worldwide. Genetic disturbances in folate metabolism such as Thymidylate synthase may increase risk for conotruncal heart defects. We evaluated two common Thymidylate synthase polymorphisms, including the 28 bp tandem repeat in the promoter enhancer region of the 5'-untranslated region and the 6 bp deletion in the 3'-untranslated region, as risk factors of conotruncal heart defects including various subtypes of malformations, in a total of 193 mothers with conotruncal heart defect in offspring and 234 healthy controls in the Chinese population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002184DOI Listing
December 2018
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Catheter-directed therapy for acute pulmonary embolism in children.

Cardiol Young 2018 Dec 21:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

1Division of Cardiology,Children's Hospital of Michigan,Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics,Wayne State University School of Medicine,Detroit,MI,USA.

Background: Acute pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition and rarely occurs in children. In adults, catheter-directed therapy emerges as a potentially safer and effective therapeutic option. However, there is a paucity of data on the safety and efficacy of catheter-directed therapy for pulmonary embolism in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951118002135DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read