Cardiol Rev 2017 Jul/Aug;25(4):165-178
From the *Department for Cardiovascular Diseases, Osijek University Hospital, Osijek, Croatia; †Department of Internal Medicine, Family Medicine and History of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia; ‡Department of Physiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia; §Department of Pathophysiology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; ¶Institute of Natural Sciences, University of Physical Education, Budapest, Hungary; and ‖Department of Physiology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY.
Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of diseases of the myocardium. The term cardiomyopathy involves a wide range of pathogenic mechanisms that affect the structural and functional states of cardiomyocytes, extravascular tissues, and coronary vasculature, including both epicardial coronary arteries and the microcirculation. In the developed phase, cardiomyopathies present with various clinical symptoms: dyspnea, chest pain, palpitations, swelling of the extremities, arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Read More