392,072 results match your criteria Cardiology

Intermediate vs Standard-dose Prophylactic Anticoagulation in Patients with COVID-19 Admitted to ICU: Ninety-day Results from the INSPIRATION Trial.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

Background: Thrombotic complications are considered among the main extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19. The optimal type and duration of prophylactic antithrombotic therapy in these patients remain unknown.

Methods: This manuscript reports the final (90-day) results of the Intermediate versus Standard-dose Prophylactic anticoagulation In cRitically-ill pATIents with COVID-19: An opeN label randomized controlled trial (INSPIRATION) study. Read More

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Long-Term Outcomes of Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack after Non-Emergency Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Apr 14;30(7):105786. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre Singapore, Singapore; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Objectives: Non-emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has lower risk of stroke than emergency PCI. With increasing elective PCI and increasing risk of stroke after PCI, risk factors for stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in non-emergency PCI and long-term outcomes needs to be better characterised. We aim to identify risk factors for cerebrovascular accidents in patients undergoing non-emergency PCI and long-term outcomes after stroke or TIA. Read More

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Early enteral nutrition and factors related to in-hospital mortality in people on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Nutrition 2021 Feb 28;89:111222. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan, Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: There are concerns about adverse events related to early enteral nutrition (EN) in people receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). This was a retrospective study evaluating. This nutritional support of people receiving ECMO, factors that may confer benefits in outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Complex renal cysts combined with hemorrhage during crizotinib treatment for ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma.

Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 Apr 9;27:100373. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Shanghai Lung Cancer Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Xuhui District, West Huaihai Road No. 241, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

The oral small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), crizotinib has been approved as a first-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor in treatment of advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, development of complex renal cysts has been reported with crizotinib usage, highlighting the importance of accurate differentiation between complex renal cysts and new metastasis in NSCLC. Here we describe a case study with confirmed EGFR wild-type and ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma who developed complex renal cysts combined with hemorrhage during crizotinib treatment, with no abnormal clinical symptoms or kidney functions observed. Read More

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Melatonin rescues cerebral ischemic events through upregulated tunneling nanotube-mediated mitochondrial transfer and downregulated mitochondrial oxidative stress in rat brain.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Apr 14;139:111593. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Dentistry, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan; Stem Cell Research Center, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Life Science, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Cerebral ischemic events, comprising of excitotoxicity, reactive oxygen production, and inflammation, adversely impact the metabolic-redox circuit in highly active neuronal metabolic profile which maintains energy-dependent brain activities. Therefore, we investigated neuro-regenerative potential of melatonin (Mel), a natural biomaterial secreted by pineal gland.

Methods: We specifically determined whether Mel could influence tunneling nanotubes (TNTs)-mediated transfer of functional mitochondria (Mito) which in turn may alter membrane potential, oxidative stress and apoptotic factors. Read More

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High-mobility group box 1 serves as an inflammation driver of cardiovascular disease.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Apr 14;139:111555. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology, the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China. Electronic address:

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most deadly disease, which can cause sudden death, in which inflammation is a key factor in its occurrence and development. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a novel nuclear DNA-binding protein that activates innate immunity to induce inflammation in CVD. HMGB1 exists in the cytoplasm and nucleus of different cell types, including those in the heart. Read More

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A deep learning approach for the automatic recognition of prosthetic mitral valve in echocardiographic images.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Apr 14;133:104388. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Medical Sciences and Technologies Department,Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

The first step in the automatic evaluation of the cardiac prosthetic valve is the recognition of such valves in echocardiographic images. This research surveyed whether a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) could improve the recognition of prosthetic mitral valve in conventional 2D echocardiographic images. An efficient intervention to decrease the misreading rate of the prosthetic mitral valve is required for non-expert cardiologists. Read More

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An Optimized Model of Hypertrophic Preconditioning Confers Cardioprotection in the Mouse.

J Surg Res 2021 Apr 14;264:544-552. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Shaanxi, China. Electronic address:

Background: Conventional models of hypertrophic preconditioning (C-HP) can be established surgically through transverse aortic constriction (TAC) → deconstriction (De-TAC) → reconstriction (Re-TAC) characterized by dynamic afterload while it exerts technical difficulty on operators and poses high mortality during perioperative period in mice. We aimed to introduce an optimized method for obtaining a hypertrophic preconditioning (O-HP) model for further study on cardiac hypertrophy.

Methods: Ninety mice were divided into four groups: sham, TAC, C-HP, and O-HP. Read More

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Special issue "Implications of oxidative stress and redox biochemistry for heart disease and cardioprotection" Takotsubo Syndrome: Impact of Endothelial Dysfunction and Oxidative Stress.

Free Radic Biol Med 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Takotsubo Syndrome (TTS) is characterized by a transient left ventricular dysfunction recovering spontaneously within days or weeks. Although the pathophysiology of TTS remains obscure, there is growing evidence suggesting TTS to be associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which may be involved in causing transient coronary and peripheral endothelial dysfunction leading to a transient impairment of myocardial contraction due to stunning (apical ballooning). Endothelial dysfunction is mainly caused by decreased vascular and myocardial nitric oxide bioavailability in response to increased ROS production. Read More

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Positive impact of oral hydroxychloroquine and povidone-iodine throat spray for COVID-19 prophylaxis: an open-label randomized trial.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Surgery, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore.

Background: We examined whether existing licensed pharmacotherapies could reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Methods: An open-label parallel randomized controlled trial was performed among healthy migrant workers quarantined in a large multi-storey dormitory in Singapore. Forty clusters (each defined as individual floors of the dormitory) were randomly assigned to receive a 42-day prophylaxis regimen of either oral hydroxychloroquine (400 mg once, followed by 200 mg/day), oral ivermectin (12 mg once), povidone-iodine throat spray (3 times/day, 270 µg/day), oral zinc (80 mg/day)/vitamin C (500 mg/day) combination, or oral vitamin C, 500 mg/day. Read More

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Right ventricular lead location and outcomes among patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy: A meta-analysis.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, United States of America; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC 27710, United States of America.

Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been demonstrated to improve heart failure (HF) symptoms, reverse LV remodeling, and reduce mortality and HF hospitalization (HFH) in patients with a reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF). Prior studies examining outcomes based on right ventricular (RV) lead position among CRT patients have provided mixed results. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies comparing RV apical (RVA) and non-apical (RVNA) lead position in CRT. Read More

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Transcervical Carotid Artery Revascularization: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Outcomes.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

First Department of Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Laikon General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Objective: Carotid artery stenosis is a determinant factor accused for cerebrovascular events, estimated to be the cause of 10-20% of all ischemic strokes. Trans-cervical carotid artery revascularization (TCAR) has been offered as an alternative to transfemoral carotid artery stenting and carotid endarterectomy.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective and retrospective studies reporting on outcomes of patients undergoing TCAR for carotid stenosis was conducted. Read More

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In-hospital Outcomes and Long-term Survival of Women of Childbearing Age with Aortic Dissection: Results from a Single-Center Database.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To define the outcomes and impact of pregnancy in a cohort of women of childbearing age with acute aortic dissection (AAD).

Methods: We reviewed our database of AAD to identify all eligible female patients. Women under the age of 45 were included. Read More

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Mitochondria-associated membrane-modulated Ca transfer: A potential treatment target in cardiac ischemia reperfusion injury and heart failure.

Life Sci 2021 Apr 14:119511. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China; Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Intervention and Regenerative Medicine of Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address:

Effective Ca dependent mitochondrial energy supply is imperative for proper cardiac contractile activity, while disruption of Ca homeostasis participates in the pathogenesis of multiple human diseases. This phenomenon is particularly prominent in cardiac ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) and heart failure, both of which require strict clinical intervention. The interface between endoplasmic reticula (ER) and mitochondria, designated the mitochondria-associated membrane (MAM), is now regarded as a crucial mediator of Ca transportation. Read More

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Inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase alleviates insulin resistance and hypertension via downregulation of SGLT2 in the mouse kidney.

J Biol Chem 2021 Apr 14:100667. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Cardiology and Department of Internal Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China; Hubei Key Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Mechanisms of Cardiological Disorders, Wuhan 430030, China. Electronic address:

The epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) exerts beneficial effects on insulin resistance and/or hypertension. EETs could be readily converted to less biological active diols by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). However, whether sEH inhibition can ameliorate the comorbidities of insulin resistance and hypertension, and the underlying mechanisms of this relationship, are unclear. Read More

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Fluid volume regulation in patients with heart failure - Authors' reply.

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2021 May;9(5):258

Department of Cardiology, Herlev and Gentofte University Hospital, Herlev DK-2730, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Risk Factors for Perioperative Morbidity in Adults Undergoing Cardiac Surgery at Children's Hospitals.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Increasing numbers of adult with congenital heart disease (ACHD) undergo cardiac surgery in children's hospitals, yet surgical outcomes data are limited. We sought to better understand the impact of preoperative risk factors on postoperative complications and cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) length of stay (LOS).

Methods: Surgical CICU admissions for patients > 18 years in the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium registry (8/2014-1/2019; 34 hospitals) were included. Read More

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Is the effect of atorvastatin 60 mg on stabilization of lipid-rich plaque equivalent to that of rosuvastatin 10 mg? A serial optical coherence tomography combined with intravascular ultrasound imaging.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Cardiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, The Key Laboratory of Myocardial Ischemia, Chinese Ministry of Education, Harbin, China.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the effect of atorvastatin 60 (AT60) mg to that of rosuvastatin 10 (RT10) mg on the morphological changes in lipid-rich plaques (LRPs) and plaque volume, using serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound imaging (IVUS).

Background: Intensive lipid lowering therapy by statin provides more clinical benefit compared to that of moderate lipid lowering therapy.

Methods: Fifty patients who underwent OCT and IVUS at baseline, 6, and 12 months were grouped by statin therapy into the AT60 mg (n = 27) and RT10 mg (n = 23) groups. Read More

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Post-resistance exercise photobiomodulation therapy has a more effective antioxidant effect than pre-application on muscle oxidative stress.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Universidade Nove de Julho, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biofotônica Aplicada as Ciências da Saúde, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

This study evaluated the effect of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMt) before or after a high-intensity resistance exercise (RE) session on muscle oxidative stress. Female Wistar rats were assigned to one of the following groups: Sham (non-exercised, undergoing placebo-PBMt); NLRE (exercised, undergoing placebo-PBMt); PBMt + RE (pre-exercise PBMt); RE + PBMt (post-exercise PBMt). The RE comprised four climbs bearing the maximum load with a 2 min rest between each climb. Read More

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National survey of percutaneous coronary intervention during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan: second report of the Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics.

Cardiovasc Interv Ther 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Cardiology, Tokai University, Isehara, Japan.

Healthcare systems worldwide have been overburdened by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. Accordingly, hospitals have had to implement strategies to profoundly reorganize activities, which have affected procedures such as primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). This study aimed to describe changes in PCI practices during the health emergency at the national level. Read More

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IgG4-Related Coronary Aneurysm in a Child.

Indian J Pediatr 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

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New insights into ANGPTL8 in modulating the development of cardio-metabolic disorder diseases.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Cardiology, The Xiamen Cardiovascular Hospital of Xiamen University, No. 2999 Jinshan Road, Xiamen, 361000, Fujian, China.

Dyslipidemia is being identified as the most important factors of several health problems, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which are always grouped together as cardio-metabolic disorder diseases. Consistently, dyslipidemia has become one of the most rising crisis of general health. Recently, it is worth noting that both genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and experimental research are being taken advantage to elucidate the potential genetic mechanisms of dyslipidemia and to identify new gene loci which contribute to the development of cardio-metabolic disorder diseases. Read More

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Position paper of the EACVI and EANM on artificial intelligence applications in multimodality cardiovascular imaging using SPECT/CT, PET/CT, and cardiac CT.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Turku PET Centre, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

In daily clinical practice, clinicians integrate available data to ascertain the diagnostic and prognostic probability of a disease or clinical outcome for their patients. For patients with suspected or known cardiovascular disease, several anatomical and functional imaging techniques are commonly performed to aid this endeavor, including coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and nuclear cardiology imaging. Continuous improvement in positron emission tomography (PET), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and CT hardware and software has resulted in improved diagnostic performance and wide implementation of these imaging techniques in daily clinical practice. Read More

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Preoperative 2-[F]FDG PET-CT aids in the prognostic stratification for patients with primary ampullary carcinoma.

Eur Radiol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, No.7, Chung-Shan South Road, Chung-Cheng District, Taipei, 100, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Objectives: We sought to investigate whether preoperative dual-phase 2-[F]FDG PET-CT identify predictors for poor survival in patients with ampullary carcinoma receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Methods: The preoperative PET-CT images of patients with resected ampullary carcinoma from June 2007 to July 2017 were analyzed. Survival curves were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test. Read More

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Excessive expression of miR-1a by statin causes skeletal injury through targeting mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 1.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 16;13. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Cardiology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Backgrounds: A major side effect of statin, a widely used drug to treat hyperlipidemia, is skeletal myopathy through cell apoptosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the roles of microRNA in statin-induced injury.

Methods: Apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice were administered with simvastatin (20 mg/kg/day) for 8 weeks. Read More

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Prognostic Value of C-Reactive Protein to Albumin Ratio in Patients Resuscitated from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Apr 17:e14227. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Mehmet Akif Inan Training and Research Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Background: Despite major advances in basic and advanced life supports, patients who survived from out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has still poor prognosis. Several inflammatory parameters have been used to determine early and long-term prognosis in patients with OHCA. C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) is also a novel marker of systemic inflammation. Read More

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The other striated muscle: The role of sarcopenia in older persons with heart failure.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Sections on Cardiovascular Medicine and Geriatrics/Gerontology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA.

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New-onset atrial fibrillation in the intensive care unit: protocol for an international inception cohort study (AFIB-ICU).

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Intensive Care, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Introduction: New-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) is frequently observed in critically ill patients and may be associated with prolonged hospital stay and increased mortality. Considerable variation exists in the reported frequencies of NOAF due to the lack of a standardised definition and detection method. Importantly, there are limited data on NOAF in the intensive care unit (ICU). Read More

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'There is always a way to living with illness'-Self-management strategies reported by Chinese hospitalized patients with cardiovascular disease: A descriptive qualitative study.

Int J Health Plann Manage 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Affiliated Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Objectives: Patients living with cardiovascular diseases use different strategies to solve various problems. This study aimed to identify the category, type and specific self-management strategies reported by hospitalized patients with cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: This is a qualitative descriptive study. Read More

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