1,653,704 results match your criteria Cardiac Rehabilitation
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Renal Research Institute, New York, New York, USA.
Background: The time between the creation of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and its successful use is significantly longer in hemodialysis (HD) patients in the United States compared to those in other countries, and there is an urgent need to reduce the residence time of central-venous catheters (CVC).
Methods: Successful AVF creation and maturation results in typical hemodynamic changes, such as an increase in cardiac output and upper body blood flow (UBBF). In patients with CVC as vascular access, we measured once per minute intradialytic central-venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) and hemoglobin levels simultaneously using the Crit-Line Monitor. Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Background: The impact of hybrid therapy comprising peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis on cardiovascular events in PD patients remains unclear.
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effect of hybrid therapy on cardiovascular events.
Methods: A total of 93 PD patients undergoing hybrid therapy for ≥3 years were divided into 2 groups according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF): lower ejection fraction (LEF [n = 29], LVEF < 60%) and normal ejection fraction (NEF [n = 64], LVEF ≥60%). Read More
Blood Purif 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Renal Research Institute, New York, New York,
Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) is correlated with cardiac output. In most patients, ScvO2 declines during hemodialysis (HD) due to factors such as reduced preload, myocardial stunning, and intermittent arrhythmias. Previous research has shown that low ScvO2 is associated with higher mortality in chronic HD patients. Read More
Am Heart J 2018 Oct 25;208:11-20. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Cardiology, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, Australia; College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:
Background: Elevated troponin level findings among patients presenting with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or another intercurrent illness undeniably identifies patients at increased risk of mortality. Whilst enhancing our capacity to discriminate risk, the use of high-sensitivity troponin assays frequently identifies patients with myocardial injury (i.e. Read More
Environ Int 2018 Dec 3;123:124-131. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
MRC/PHE Centre for Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; Italian Institute for Genomic Medicine (IIGM), Turin, Italy. Electronic address:
Exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) has been associated with adverse health outcomes but underlying biological mechanisms remain poorly understood. Two randomized crossover trials were used here, the Oxford Street II (London) and the TAPAS II (Barcelona) studies, where volunteers were allocated to high or low air pollution exposures. The two locations represent different exposure scenarios, with Oxford Street characterized by diesel vehicles and Barcelona by normal mixed urban traffic. Read More
Int Immunopharmacol 2018 Dec 3;66:347-353. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of orthopedics, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian 116001, China. Electronic address:
Ivabradine is most commonly used for the treatment of worsening cardiac failure in patients who cannot tolerate the maximum dose of β-blockers or in whom treatment with β-blockers is contraindicated. While ivabradine is regarded as a highly selective "funny current" (I) inhibitor, the molecular mechanism behind the effect of this drug remains poorly understood. In the present study, we applied ivabradine in the context of osteoarthritis by treating primary human chondrocytes with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and measuring degradation of the articular cartilage matrix as well as the expression of various enzymes and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Read More
Heart Rhythm 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Section of Cardiac Pacing and Electrophysiology, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:
Background: The Watchman™ device (Boston Scientific, MN), used for left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) was approved for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and an appropriate rationale to avoid long-term oral anticoagulation. Patients with AF and prior intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were excluded from clinical trials due to perceived risks of peri-operative anticoagulation.
Objective: We studied the efficacy and safety of LAAC using Watchman™ in patients with AF and prior ICH. Read More
J Mol Cell Cardiol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Cardiovascular Research Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany; DZHK (German Center for Cardiovascular Research), Partner Site Hamburg, Kiel, Lübeck, Germany; Institute of Pharmacy, University of Hamburg, Bundesstr. 45, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:
The sympathetic nervous system is the main stimulator of cardiac function. While acute activation of the β-adrenoceptors exerts positive inotropic and lusitropic effects by increasing cAMP and Ca, chronically enhanced sympathetic tone with changed β-adrenergic signaling leads to alterations of gene expression and remodeling. The CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 1 (CRTC1) is activated by cAMP and Ca. Read More
J Control Release 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Cardiac Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, PR China. Electronic address:
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is an effective therapeutic method for coronary artery disease. Great saphenous vein is the predominant graft due to the accessibility, sufficient length and suitable size matching with coronary artery. However, saphenous vein graft failure (SVGF) always restrict the long-term success of CABG. Read More
Dev Biol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA; Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Electronic address:
MEF2C is a member of the highly conserved MEF2 family of transcription factors and is a key regulator of cardiovascular development. In mice, Mef2c is expressed in the developing heart and vasculature, including the endothelium. Loss of Mef2c function in germline knockout mice leads to early embryonic demise and profound developmental abnormalities in the cardiovascular system. Read More
Am J Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Kinderspitalgasse 15/1, 1090 Vienna, Austria; Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Holy Cross Centre, 2210-2nd Street SW, Box ACB, Calgary, AB, T2S 3C3, Canada; Preventive Oncology & Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:
Objective: Healthcare providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. Read More
Gastrointest Endosc 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:
Background And Aims: Delayed bleeding is an important adverse event after colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). We aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of delayed bleeding after colorectal ESD, and to develop a risk scoring model for predicting delayed bleeding.
Methods: This retrospective multicenter study was performed at 5 centers. Read More
J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Universidade Estadual Paulista, Departamento de Educação Física, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
Objective: Investigate the relationship between different domains of physical activity and resting heart rate (RHR) in boys and girls.
Method: The sample included 1011 adolescents, aged between 10 and 17 years. RHR was measured by a heart rate monitor and physical activity was assessed in total and in three different domains (school, occupational, and sports practice) by a questionnaire. Read More
Ann Am Thorac Soc 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
University Medical CenterUtrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.
Rationale: Myocardial injury, as reflected by elevated cardiac troponin levels in plasma, is common in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), but its temporal dynamics and etiology remain unknown.
Objectives: Our aim was to determine the incidence of troponin release in patients with CAP and identify risk factors which may point to underlying etiologic mechanisms.
Methods: We included consecutive patients admitted with severe CAP to two intensive care units in the Netherlands between 2011 and 2015. Read More
Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2018 Dec 6:e3111. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Leicester Diabetes Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.
Aims: Diabetes treatment algorithms recommend intensive intervention in those with a shorter duration of disease. Screening provides opportunities for earlier multifactorial cardiovascular risk factor control. Using data from the ADDITION-Leicester study (NCT00318032), we estimated the effects of this approach on modelled risk of diabetes related complications in screen-detected patients. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 3;12:CD012620. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.
Background: Long-acting bronchodilators such as long-acting β-agonist (LABA), long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA), and LABA/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) combinations have been used in people with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to control symptoms such as dyspnoea and cough, and prevent exacerbations. A number of LABA/LAMA combinations are now available for clinical use in COPD. However, it is not clear which group of above mentioned inhalers is most effective or if any specific formulation works better than the others within the same group or class. Read More
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Nov 30;11:CD003177. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, Norfolk, UK, NR4 7TJ.
Background: Researchers have suggested that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from oily fish (long-chain omega-3 (LCn3), including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)), as well as from plants (alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) benefit cardiovascular health. Guidelines recommend increasing omega-3-rich foods, and sometimes supplementation, but recent trials have not confirmed this.
Objectives: To assess effects of increased intake of fish- and plant-based omega-3 for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular (CVD) events, adiposity and lipids. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208588. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
Purpose: Modern non-invasive evaluation of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) requires non-contrast low dose Computed Tomography (CT) imaging for determination of Calcium Scoring (CACS) and contrast-enhanced imaging for evaluation of vascular stenosis. Several methods for calculation of CACS from contrast-enhanced images have been proposed before. The main principle for that is generation of virtual non-contrast images by iodine subtraction from a contrast-enhanced spectral CT dataset. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208321. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Cardiovascular Research Program, VA New York Harbor Healthcare System, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America.
Increased proinflammatory interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels are associated with acquired long QT-syndrome (LQTS) in patients with systemic inflammation, leading to higher risks for life-threatening polymorphic ventricular tachycardia such as Torsades de Pointes. However, the functional and molecular mechanisms of this association are not known. In most cases of acquired LQTS, the target ion channel is the human ether-á-go-go-related gene (hERG) encoding the rapid component of the delayed rectifier K current, IKr, which plays a critical role in cardiac repolarization. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207406. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Tropical and Infectious Diseases Department, Centre Hospitalier Andrée Rosemon, Cayenne, French Guiana.
Background: French Guiana (FG) was the first country in South America to declare chikungunya virus infection (CHIKV). The outbreak affected about 16,000 persons between February 2014 and October 2015, with several atypical cases, but only two fatal cases. We aimed to describe the clinical presentation of patients hospitalized for CHIKV infection, to estimate and identify risk factors of unusual and severe forms in adult patients. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207918. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Background: Influenza and pneumonia are leading causes of morbidity and mortality among the elderly. Although vaccination is a main strategy to prevent these infectious diseases, concerns remain with respect to vaccine effectiveness.
Methods: During three influenza seasons (2014-2015, 2015-2016 and 2016-2017), we evaluated the effectiveness of the influenza and pneumococcal vaccines against pneumonia and acute exacerbation of cardiopulmonary diseases among the elderly aged ≥65 years with influenza-like illness (ILI). Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0208127. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Queen Margaret University, Centre of Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Background: Stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on haemodialysis (HD) often present with dizziness and pre-syncopal events as a result of the combined effect of HD therapy and cardiovascular disease. The dysregulation of blood pressure (BP) during orthostasis may be implicated in the aetiology of falls in these patients. Therefore, we explored the relationship between baroreflex function, the haemodynamic responses to a passive orthostatic challenge, and falls in HD patients. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(12):e0207843. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong, Korea.
Aims: To investigate associations of glomerular hyperfiltration with other metabolic factors in a nationally representative dataset.
Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 15,918 subjects with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and urine albumin creation ratio (ACR) <30 mg/g, who participated in the 5th and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Read More
Folia Med Cracov 2018 ;58(3):11-21
Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, University Children's Hospital, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Wielicka 265, Kraków, Poland.
Background: Recoarctation (reCoA) of the aorta is a common complication afer the Norwood procedure. Untreated, it can lead to failure of the systemic ventricle and death. The main goal of the study is to define risk factors of reCoA after the Norwood procedure in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). Read More
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1342-1346. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Exposure to secondhand smoke from burning tobacco products can cause sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers (1). There is no risk-free level of secondhand smoke exposure (2). CDC analyzed questionnaire and laboratory data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to assess patterns of secondhand smoke exposure among U. Read More
J Assoc Genet Technol 2018 ;44(4):137-140
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, VT.
Objectives: While the complete form of trisomy 22 is seemingly incompatible with life, the mosaic form is a rare syndrome associated with developmental delays, intellectual disability, and dysmorphic features. Due in part to the difficulty of analyzing chromosomal mosaicism, many instances either go undiagnosed or have their diagnosis delayed. We report a case of mosaic trisomy 22 in a diamnionic-dichorionic twin with marked growth discordance and intra-uterine growth restriction, diagnosed in a 2-year-old with developmental delays, sensorineural hearing loss, cardiac and gastrointestinal abnormalities, and osteopenia of prematurity. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):257-264
Kharkiv National Medic University, Nauky Ave., Kharkiv, Ukraine.
Introduction: Obesity is becoming one of the leading risk factors of coronary heart disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease. Despite the presence of a large number of antihypertensive agents and scientific substantiation of antihypertensive treatment principles it would be wrong to assume that the problem is completely solved. Development of endothelial dysfunction is one of the key pathogenic mechanisms in hypertension. Read More
Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
TOBB Economy and Technology University, Cardiology Department, Ankara, Turkey.
Background: Platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been demonstrated as an risk and prognostic marker in many of cardiovascular diseases. Relationship between PLR and severity of carotid stenosis has been shown. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between PLR and all cause mortality in patients with carotid arterial disease. Read More
J Appl Physiol (1985) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, Brazil.
Obese adults with asthma are more likely to develop dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and expiratory flow limitation (EFL) than non-obese asthmatics, and weight-loss seems to improve the breathing mechanics during exercise. However, studies evaluating the effect of weight-loss on DH in obese adults with asthma have not been performed.
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a weight-loss program on DH in obese adults with asthma. Read More