273 results match your criteria Cardiac Pacing Transcutaneous


Effective methods to enhance medical students' cardioversion and transcutaneous cardiac pacing skills retention - a prospective controlled study.

BMC Med Educ 2022 Jun 1;22(1):417. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical, Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Guideline-based therapy of cardiac arrhythmias is important for many physicians from the beginning of their training. Practical training of the required skills to treat cardiac arrhythmias is useful for acquiring these skills but does not seem sufficient for skill retention. The aim of this study was to compare different retention methods for skills required to treat cardiac arrhythmias with respect to the performance of these skills in an assessment. Read More

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Intermittent complete heart block with ventricular standstill after Pfizer COVID-19 booster vaccination: A case report.

J Am Coll Emerg Physicians Open 2022 Apr 20;3(2):e12723. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Emergency Medicine Oregon Health and Science University Portland Oregon USA.

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues around the globe, vaccines are undoubtedly central to the fight to control the spread of the virus. However, as with any therapy, these vaccines are not without side effects. Documented cardiac complications of COVID-19 vaccination include myocarditis, pericarditis, and cardiac conduction abnormalities. Read More

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Sometimes a punch is needed to get started: A case of complete aortic occlusion with complete heart block rescued with percussion pacing.

Clin Case Rep 2022 Feb 7;10(2):e05424. Epub 2022 Feb 7.

Emergency Medicine Hamad Medical Corporation Doha Qatar.

Complete heart block (CHB) is defined as the complete absence of atrioventricular conduction. Electrical pacing is the treatment of choice. We present a case of CHB which is interesting not only due to being a diagnostic dilemma in the emergency department but also for its management and the final diagnosis. Read More

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February 2022

Dexmedetomidine versus propofol for operator-directed nurse-administered procedural sedation during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: A randomized controlled study.

Heart Rhythm 2022 05 28;19(5):691-700. Epub 2021 Dec 28.

Department of Cardiology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Operator-directed nurse-administered (ODNA) sedation with propofol (PRO) is the preferred sedation technique for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) in many centers.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α-adrenergic receptor agonist, is superior to propofol.

Methods: We randomized 160 consecutive patients undergoing first AF ablation to ODNA sedation by DEX (DEX group) vs PRO (PRO group), according to a standardized protocol. Read More

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A Fatal Case of Massive Verapamil Overdose: An Overview of the Treatment Options.

J Med Cases 2021 Sep 25;12(9):373-376. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, NY, USA.

Calcium channel blocker overdose is usually very fatal and challenging to manage. The patients are usually asymptomatic on admission, but deteriorate very rapidly. Currently, there is no specific antidote, and the treatment is supportive requiring high level of critical care, and may necessitate extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Read More

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September 2021

Microvolt T-Wave Alternans Is Modulated by Acute Low-Level Tragus Stimulation in Patients With Ischemic Cardiomyopathy and Heart Failure.

Front Physiol 2021 23;12:707724. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Cardiovascular Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.

Microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA), an oscillation in T-wave morphology of the electrocardiogram (ECG), has been associated with increased susceptibility to ventricular tachy-arrhythmias, while vagus nerve stimulation has shown promising anti-arrhythmic effects in and animal studies. We aimed to examine the effect of non-invasive, acute low-level tragus stimulation (LLTS) on TWA in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and heart failure. 26 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (left ventricular ejection fraction <35%) and chronic stable heart failure, previously implanted with an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) device with an atrial lead (dual chamber ICD or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator), were enrolled in the study. Read More

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Infective Endocarditis with Pseudoaneurysm of the Mitral-Aortic Intervalvular Fibrosa Presenting as Complete Heart Block.

R I Med J (2013) 2021 Aug 2;104(6):13-15. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Attending Physician, Rhode Island Hospital; Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.

A 79-year-old male with a history of ESRD and treated MRSA endocarditis was found to have a recurrence of MRSA bacteremia. He was treated with antibiotics. During his hospitalization, he suddenly developed complete heart block requiring transcutaneous pacing, and subsequently transvenous pacing wires were placed. Read More

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Sinus bradycardia with haemodynamic compromise following lithium intoxication.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 13;14(5). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Lithium is a well-established treatment for mood disorders and considered first-line pharmacological therapy for bipolar disorder as per the American Psychiatric Association guidelines. However, lithium is associated with significant toxicity. Cardiotoxicity including sinus node dysfunction is a rare but clinically significant presentation of lithium intoxication. Read More

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Impact of Postshock Transcutaneous Pacing on Chest Compression Quality during Resuscitation: A Simulation-Based Pilot Study.

Emerg Med Int 2021 22;2021:5584632. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Medical Rescue, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 7 Rokietnicka Street, Poznan 60-608, Poland.

Background: Successful defibrillation is commonly followed by a transient nonperfusing state. To provide perfusion in this stagnant phase, chest compressions are recommended irrespective of arrhythmia termination. Implantable cardioverters-defibrillators (ICD) used immediately after delivery of the shock are capable of pacing the heart, and this feature is commonly activated in these devices. Read More

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Ventricular activation during transcutaneous and transvenous pacing.

Future Cardiol 2021 10 14;17(7):1163-1165. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Patras, Rion, Greece.

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October 2021

Transcutaneous Pacing: An Emergency Nurse's Guide.

J Emerg Nurs 2021 Mar;47(2):326-330

Transcutaneous pacing is commonly performed in emergency departments to treat patients with cardiac dysrhythmias. Although emergency nurses are required to complete a standardized course that reviews components of transcutaneous pacing, such as Advanced Cardiac Life Support, performing transcutaneous pacing on patients may be done infrequently in some facilities and can lead to anxiety and fear for bedside emergency nurses, especially novice emergency nurses and nurses who infrequently care for patients requiring external pacing. This manuscript provides a practical guide for emergency nurses to care for patients who require transcutaneous pacing. Read More

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Left ventricular systolic dysfunction with concomitant bradyarrhythmia in a patient with POEMS syndrome: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;5(2):ytaa510. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Cardiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore 308433, Singapore.

Background: POEMS syndrome (PS) is a paraneoplastic disorder from plasma cell dyscrasia, characterized by polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes. Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs)-driven fluid extracellular matrix expansion plays a key role in this condition. Associated cardiac involvement has been sparsely reported thus far. Read More

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February 2021

Isolated right ventricular myocardial infarction: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Jan 9;5(1):ytaa494. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Department of Cardiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, Co., Antrim BT12 6BA, UK.

Background: Isolated right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) due to a recessive right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion is a rare presentation. It is typically caused by right ventricle (RV) branch occlusion complicating percutaneous coronary intervention. We report a case of an isolated RVMI due to flush RCA occlusion presenting via our primary percutaneous coronary intervention ST-elevation myocardial infarction pathway. Read More

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January 2021

Incomplete Trifascicular Block and Mobitz Type II Atrioventricular Block in COVID-19.

Cureus 2020 Sep 15;12(9):e10461. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Internal Medicine, University Hospital - Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, USA.

A 74-year-old female with a history of diabetes presented with chest pain and shortness of breath for two days. She was hypoxic to an oxygen saturation of 60% in the emergency department, requiring bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) to maintain saturations. Chest X-ray demonstrated bilateral hazy opacities suspicious for viral pneumonia. Read More

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September 2020

Implantation of leadless pacemakers via inferior vena cava filters is feasible and safe: Insights from a multicenter experience.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2020 12 28;31(12):3277-3285. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: The leadless Micra transcatheter-pacing system (Micra-TPS) is implanted via a femoral approach using a 27-French introducer sheath. The Micra Transcutaneous Pacing Study excluded patients with inferior vena cava (IVC) filters.

Objective: To examine the feasibility and safety of Micra-TPS implantation through an IVC filter. Read More

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December 2020

Troubleshooting a Transcutaneous Pacemaker.

JAMA Intern Med 2020 11;180(11):1524-1525

Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco.

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November 2020

Third-degree burns caused by transcutaneous pacing for third-degree heart block.

HeartRhythm Case Rep 2020 Aug 18;6(8):495-498. Epub 2020 May 18.

Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

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Effects of transcutaneous cardiac pacing on ventricular repolarization and comparison with transvenous pacing.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2020 09 13;43(9):1004-1011. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Patras, Patras, Greece.

Background: The electrocardiographic (ECG) effects of transcutaneous cardiac pacing (TCP) on ventricular repolarization have not been studied in detail. This study evaluated the influence of TCP on ventricular repolarization. The results were compared with those obtained by conventional transvenous right ventricular pacing (TVP). Read More

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September 2020

Paroxysmal Ventricular Standstill: A Rare Cardiac Manifestation of Syncope.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Jun 17;21:e924381. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Emergency Department, Charing Cross Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom.

BACKGROUND Transient abrupt loss of consciousness due to sudden but pronounced decrease in cardiac output caused by a change in heart rate and rhythm is termed Stokes-Adams disease. Causes of Stokes-Adams syndrome are 1) transition from normal rhythm to high grade block, 2) slowing of idioventricular rhythm in the course of complete heart block, and 3) abnormal ventricular rhythm such as ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. Paroxysmal ventricular standstill is one of the rarest causes of Stokes-Adams attack. Read More

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Exposure and Confidence With Critical Nonairway Procedures: A Global Survey of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Physicians.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2021 Sep;37(9):e551-e559

School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Children rarely experience critical illness, resulting in low exposure of emergency physicians (EPs) to critical procedures. Our primary objective was to describe senior EP confidence, most recent performance, and/or supervision of critical nonairway procedures. Secondary objectives were to compare responses between those who work exclusively in PEM and those who do not and to determine whether confidence changed for selected procedures according to increasing patient age. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical Outcomes of Various Management Strategies for Symptomatic Bradycardia.

Clin Med Res 2020 08 14;18(2-3):75-81. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, Arizona, USA; Current affiliation: MercyOne Waterloo Heart Care, Waterloo, Iowa, USA.

Objective: To determine clinical outcomes of various management strategies for reversible and irreversible causes of symptomatic bradycardia in the inpatient setting.

Design: Retrospective observational study.

Setting: Emergency room and inpatient. Read More

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Loperamide overdose causing torsades de pointes and requiring Impella temporary mechanical support: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2019 Dec 27;3(4):1-6. Epub 2019 Sep 27.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Burnett-Womack Building, 160 Dental Circle, CB# 7075, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

Background: Loperamide is a widely available oral μ-opioid receptor agonist, and loperamide abuse is increasing by those seeking intoxication. Loperamide has potent QTc-prolonging properties, placing patients at risk for ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.

Case Summary: A 23-year-old woman was found to be in pulseless ventricular fibrillation with a QTc of 554 ms and received multiple defibrillations and IV lidocaine. Read More

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December 2019

Arrhythmias in Severe Trazodone Overdose.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Dec 27;20:1949-1955. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dignity Health St. Mary Medical Center, Long Beach, CA, USA.

BACKGROUND Trazodone is widely used in the treatment of depression, anxiety, and insomnia. It is thought to have a safe cardiac profile due to the relative lack of anticholinergic effects. Publications about cardiac toxicities of trazodone are scant. Read More

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December 2019

The electrocardiogram of ventricular capture during transcutaneous cardiac pacing.

J Electrocardiol 2020 Jan - Feb;58:119-124. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

University Hospital of Patra, Cardiology Department, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Transcutaneous cardiac pacing (TCP) is deeply entwined with the problem of assessing ventricular capture on the electrocardiogram (ECG). We sought clarification of ventricular capture during TCP.

Methods: We studied one hundred and ten patients (75 ± 12 years) with bradycardia who underwent pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation. Read More

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Lightning-induced pacing system malfunction: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2019 Jun;3(2)

Medical Department, The University of Information Technology and Management, Sucharskiego 2, Rzeszów, Poland.

Background: Atmospheric electrical discharge is an extremely powerful natural phenomenon which can have dangerous and lethal effects on the human body. However, there is no evidence to indicate whether and, if so, to what extent the electric current travelling through the body can affect proper pacemaker function.

Case Summary: An 80-year-old patient admitted to emergency department after being struck by a lightning bolt while riding a bike. Read More

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Transcutaneous Pacing of a 4-Year-Old Child.

Authors:
David Jones Ran Ran

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Sep;35(9):e162-e163

Critical Care, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR.

Complete heart block is rare in children and is usually owing to congenital abnormalities. These children are often pacemaker dependent. However, pacemaker complications can require emergency interventions, including external pacing. Read More

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September 2019

Lazarus in asystole: a case report of autoresuscitation after prolonged cardiac arrest.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2019 Sep;3(3)

Division of Heart & Lungs, Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block can result in sudden cardiac death if no reliable escape rhythm is present. Here, we report a case of an 86-year-old female patient who developed a third-degree AV block leading to cardiac arrest. Surprisingly, sinus rhythm returned after 4 min of asystole, and she showed complete neurological recovery. Read More

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September 2019

High-energy external defibrillation and transcutaneous pacing during MRI: feasibility and safety.

J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2019 08 5;21(1):47. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Background: Rapid application of external defibrillation, a crucial first-line therapy for ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest, is currently unavailable in the setting of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), raising concerns about patient safety during MRI tests and MRI-guided procedures, particularly in patients with cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of defibrillation/pacing for the entire range of clinically useful shock energies inside the MRI bore and during scans, using defibrillation/pacing outside the magnet as a control.

Methods: Experiments were conducted using a commercial defibrillator (LIFEPAK 20, Physio-Control, Redmond, Washington, USA) with a custom high-voltage, twisted-pair cable with two mounted resonant floating radiofrequency traps to reduce emission from the defibrillator and the MRI scanner. Read More

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Atrioventricular conduction in patients undergoing pacemaker implant following self-expandable transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2019 07 29;42(7):980-988. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: Heart block requiring a pacemaker is common after self-expandable transcatheter aortic valve replacement (SE-TAVR); however, conduction abnormalities may improve over time. Optimal device management in these patients is unknown.

Objective: To evaluate the long-term, natural history of conduction disturbances in patients undergoing pacemaker implantation following SE-TAVR. Read More

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