9,893 results match your criteria Cardiac Neoplasms Primary


Incidence and survival of patients with oligometastatic esophagogastric cancer: a multicenter cohort study.

Radiother Oncol 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich, University Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Purpose /objective: This multicenter study assessed the incidence and survival of patients with esophagogastric cancer and oligometastatic disease (OMD) in two tertiary referral cancer centers in The Netherlands and Switzerland.

Materials /methods: Between 2010-2021, patients with metastatic esophagogastric cancer were identified. Patients with de-novo OMD were included (first-time diagnosis of ≤5 distant metastases on F-FDG-PET/CT). Read More

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Effects of a multicomponent resistance-based exercise program with protein, vitamin D and calcium supplementation on cognition in men with prostate cancer treated with ADT: secondary analysis of a 12-month randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 24;12(6):e060189. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: The aim of this preplanned secondary analysis of a 12-month randomised controlled trial was to investigate the effects of a multicomponent exercise programme combined with daily whey protein, calcium and vitamin D supplementation on cognition in men with prostate cancer treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).

Design: 12-month, two-arm, randomised controlled trial.

Setting: University clinical exercise centre. Read More

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No-Code Platform-Based Deep-Learning Models for Prediction of Colorectal Polyp Histology from White-Light Endoscopy Images: Development and Performance Verification.

J Pers Med 2022 Jun 12;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang 10556, Korea.

Background: The authors previously developed deep-learning models for the prediction of colorectal polyp histology (advanced colorectal cancer, early cancer/high-grade dysplasia, tubular adenoma with or without low-grade dysplasia, or non-neoplasm) from endoscopic images. While the model achieved 67.3% internal-test accuracy and 79. Read More

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Adipocyte-Breast Cancer Cell Co-Culture in Transwells.

Methods Mol Biol 2022 ;2508:59-68

School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.

Experiments with cell co-culture systems facilitate investigation of the effects of one cell population on another, when the cells are grown in close proximity. Here we describe co-culture of Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS) adipocyte cells with the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line using the Corning Transwell 12-mm, 0.4-μm pore polyester membrane insert cell culture system. Read More

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Extra-Pleural Pneumonectomy (EPP) in Children and Adults with Locally Advanced Sarcoma: A CanSaRCC Study.

Curr Oncol 2022 Jun 15;29(6):4260-4266. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Division of Medical Oncology, Canadian Sarcoma Research and Clinical Collaboration (CanSaRCC), Princess Margaret Cancer Centre-University Health Network, Toronto, ON M5G 2C1, Canada.

Sarcoma can present as locally advanced disease involving pleura for which extra-pleural pneumonectomy (EPP) may be the only surgical option to ensure adequate local control. Data were collected on patients who underwent EPP between January 2009 and August 2021 at Princess Margret Hospital and SickKids (Toronto) using the CanSaRCC (Canadian Sarcoma Research and Clinical Collaboration). Ten patients with locally advanced sarcoma involving the pleura, aged 4 to 59 years (median 19. Read More

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A novel carbon-fibre adjustable reusable accessory (CARA) for supine breast positioning to reduce toxicity in breast adjuvant radiotherapy: a study protocol for a multicentre phase III randomized controlled trial.

BMC Cancer 2022 Jun 20;22(1):673. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Surgery, Division of Radiation Oncology and Developmental Radiotherapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: A novel device for supine positioning in breast radiotherapy for patients with large or pendulous breasts has been developed and tested in phase II studies. This trial is designed to assess the efficacy of the device to reduce skin toxicity and unwanted normal tissue dose in comparison to the current clinical standard for supine breast support during breast radiotherapy.

Methods: Patients at high risk for moist desquamation, having infra-mammary fold or lateral ptosis, will be randomized into two arms. Read More

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Therapeutic bronchoscopy followed by sequential radiochemotherapy in the management of life-threatening tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;16(1):243. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Persahabatan National Respiratory Referral Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung is a distinctive salivary-gland-type malignant epithelial neoplasm that rarely presents as a primary tumor of the respiratory tract. Complete surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for adenoid cystic carcinoma. We present a case of large ACC tumors that caused severe central airway obstruction and were effectively treated with therapeutic bronchoscopy followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Read More

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Training and Career Development in Cardio-Oncology Translational and Implementation Science.

Heart Fail Clin 2022 Jul;18(3):503-514

Cardio-oncology Program, Division of Cardiology, University of Washington, 1959 Northeast Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/Richardkcheng2.

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death in cancer survivors, after recurrence of the primary tumor or occurrence of a secondary malignancy. Consequently, the interdisciplinary field of cardio-oncology has grown rapidly in recent years to address the cardiovascular care needs of this unique population through clinical care and research initiatives. Here, the authors discuss the ideal infrastructure for training and career development in cardio-oncology translational and implementation science and emphasize the importance of the multidisciplinary cardiovascular team for both research and patient care. Read More

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Intracellular Signaling Pathways Mediating Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Cardiotoxicity.

Heart Fail Clin 2022 Jul 1;18(3):425-442. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Dorothy M. Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address:

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are used to treat several cancers; however, a myriad of adverse cardiotoxic effects remain a primary concern. Although hypertension (HTN) is the most common adverse effect reported with TKI therapy, incidents of arrhythmias (eg, QT prolongation, atrial fibrillation) and heart failure are also prevalent. These complications warrant further research toward understanding the mechanisms of TKI-induced cardiotoxicity. Read More

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Prone Breast and Lymph Node Irradiation in 5 or 15 Fractions: A Randomized 2 × 2 Design Comparing Dosimetry, Acute Toxicity, and Set-Up Errors.

Pract Radiat Oncol 2022 Jul-Aug;12(4):324-334

Department of Human Structure and Repair, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Radiation Oncology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Purpose: Prone whole breast irradiation results in lower dose to organs at risk compared with supine position, especially lung dose. However, the adoption of prone position for whole breast irradiation + lymph node irradiation remains limited and data on lymph node irradiation in 5 fractions are lacking. Although the study was ended prematurely for the primary endpoint (breast retraction at 2 years), we decided to report acute toxicity for prone and supine positions and 5 and 15 fractions. Read More

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Length of stay and cost of care associated with admissions for atrial fibrillation among patients with cancer.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2022 Jun 17;22(1):272. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: The aim of this study is to assess the burden of AF-related hospitalizations inclusive of inflation-adjusted cost-of-care and length-of-stay (LOS) among cancer patients and the impact of direct current cardioversion (DCCV) on these outcomes.

Methods: Using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), patients hospitalized with either a primary or secondary diagnosis of AF and comorbid cancer were identified and both cost of hospitalization and LOS were evaluated for each group. Subgroup analyses were performed for specific cancer types (breast, lung, colon, prostate and lymphoma), and those receiving DCCV. Read More

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Association of the presence of allergic disease with subsequent risk of liver cancer in a nationwide retrospective cohort among Koreans.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 14;12(1):9856. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University Graduate School, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

A number of studies have proposed an inverse association between allergic diseases and risk of cancer, but only a few studies have specifically investigated the risk of primary liver cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of allergic diseases with risk of primary liver cancer. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of the Korean National Health Insurance Service database consisted of 405,512 Korean adults ages 40 and above who underwent health screening before January 1st, 2005. Read More

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Raf Kinase Inhibitory Protein regulates the cAMP-dependent protein kinase signaling pathway through a positive feedback loop.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2022 Jun 13;119(25):e2121867119. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Ben May Department for Cancer Research, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637.

Raf Kinase Inhibitory Protein (RKIP) maintains cellular robustness and prevents the progression of diseases such as cancer and heart disease by regulating key kinase cascades including MAP kinase and protein kinase A (PKA). Phosphorylation of RKIP at S153 by Protein Kinase C (PKC) triggers a switch from inhibition of Raf to inhibition of the G protein coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2), enhancing signaling by the β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) that activates PKA. Here we report that PKA-phosphorylated RKIP promotes β-AR-activated PKA signaling. Read More

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Meta-analysis of diagnostic cell-free circulating microRNAs for breast cancer detection.

BMC Cancer 2022 Jun 9;22(1):634. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Statistics, TU Dortmund University, 44227, Dortmund, Germany.

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women. Numerous studies explored cell-free circulating microRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers of BC. As inconsistent and rarely intersecting microRNA panels have been reported thus far, we aim to evaluate the overall diagnostic performance as well as the sources of heterogeneity between studies. Read More

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Interobserver Agreement Between Primary Sonographers and Secondary Overreaders for Screening and Surveillance Liver Ultrasounds Using Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System.

Ultrasound Q 2022 Jun 1;38(2):116-123. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Radiology, University of Kentucky Lexington, KY.

Abstract: The authors aim to identify if primary sonographers and secondary reviewers, both radiologists and sonographers, are likely to assign the same Ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (US LI-RADS) scores for liver surveillance ultrasounds. Institutional review board approval was obtained. Sonographers were familiarized with US LI-RADS via radiologist-led lectures. Read More

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Underdiagnosis and Undertreatment of Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Survivors of Childhood Cancer.

J Am Heart Assoc 2022 Jun 8;11(12):e024735. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

University of Alberta Edmonton Alberta Canada.

Background Determine the prevalence and predictors associated with underdiagnosis and undertreatment of modifiable cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance/diabetes) among adult survivors of childhood cancer at high risk of premature CVD. Methods and Results This was a cross-sectional study of adult-aged survivors of childhood cancer treated with anthracyclines or chest radiotherapy, recruited across 9 US metropolitan regions. Survivors completed questionnaires and in-home clinical assessments. Read More

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[Clinicopathological characteristics and molecular alterations of primary cardiac leiomyosarcoma: report of five cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2022 Jun;51(6):512-517

Department of Pathology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

To investigate the clinical, pathologic and radiologic features and molecular alterations in patients with primary cardiac leiomyosarcoma (PCLMS). Five cases of PCLMS were collected in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020. The clinical, pathologic and radiologic data, and molecular alterations were analyzed, and the patients were followed up. Read More

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Curettage and electrodessication combined with photodynamic therapy in the treatment of large squamous cell carcinomas in unfit and frail patients.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 1;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Clinical Sciences Malmo, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden.

A Caucasian female patient in her 90s was referred to the department of plastic and reconstructive surgery for surgical removal of a large invasive squamous cell carcinoma on the anterior chest wall. A skin biopsy prior to the referral indicated that the tumour was moderately differentiated. The patient suffered from severe congestive heart failure with a mechanical valve prosthesis and atrial fibrillation, and was therefore treated with anticoagulants. Read More

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Trousseau Syndrome in a 25-Year-Old Woman with Occult Colon Malignancy, Lynch Syndrome, and Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension.

Tex Heart Inst J 2022 05;49(3)

Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

We present a rare case of thrombosis associated with an occult colon malignancy (Trousseau syndrome) in a 25-year-old woman who also presented with previously unidentified Lynch syndrome and acute-on-chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Staged treatment included bilateral pulmonary endarterectomy under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, followed 11 days later by laparoscopic subtotal colectomy and creation of a primary anastomosis. The patient tolerated both procedures well and recovered normal functional status. Read More

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Higher body mass index was associated with better prognosis in diabetic patients with stage II colorectal cancer.

BMC Cancer 2022 Jun 1;22(1):596. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of body mass index (BMI) on patients with concurrent colorectal cancer (CRC) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: Patients who underwent primary radical CRC surgery from Jan 2011 to Jan 2020 were retrospectively collected. The perioperative information, overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between the higher BMI group and the lower BMI group. Read More

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Perceptions of Hope Among Bereaved Caregivers of Cancer Patients Who Received Early Palliative Care: A Content and Lexicographic Analysis.

Oncologist 2022 03;27(2):e168-e175

Oncology and Palliative Care Units, Civil Hospital Carpi, USL, Carpi, Italy.

Background: Oncologists' fear of taking away hope from patients when proposing early palliative care (EPC) is a barrier to the implementation of this model. This study explores hope perceptions among bereaved caregivers of onco-hematologic patients who received EPC.

Materials And Methods: Open-ended questionnaires were administered to 36 primary caregivers of patients who received EPC (26 solid and 10 hematologic cancer patients; mean age: 51. Read More

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Convallatoxin suppresses osteosarcoma cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and enhances osteogenic differentiation by downregulating parathyroid hormone receptor 1 (PTHR1) expression and inactivating Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

Bioengineered 2022 05;13(5):13280-13292

Department of Orthopaedics, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. Convallatoxin, a natural cardiac glycoside, exhibits potent anti-tumor activities. Literature has confirmed that PTHR1 is highly expressed in OS tissues and cells and downregulation of PTHR1 could decrease the invasion and growth of OS cells and increase tumor differentiation. Read More

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c.1901G>A and Novel Mutations in Familial Pheochromocytomas.

Genes (Basel) 2022 May 12;13(5). Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Cardiology, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 167, Beilishi Road, Beijing 100037, China.

Familial PHEOs (pheochromocytomas) are inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, and inherited PHEOs can be one clinical phenotype of clinical syndromes, such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A). In recent years, there has been a lot of controversy about the factors affecting the penetrance of PHEOs in MEN2A, of which the effects of (rearranged during transfection) proto-oncogene mutations are the primary concern. In this report, we performed genetic screening of patients in one family presenting with PHEOs and found they carried a c. Read More

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Metastatic melanoma to the heart causing ventricular tachycardia: looking beyond the troponin.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 25;15(5). Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Cardiology, St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Prescot, UK

A man in his mid-50s presented with palpitations, chest pain and syncope. After initial workup for a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, a CT scan revealed metastatic melanoma. The malignancy was infiltrating his right ventricle, resulting in recurrent ventricular tachycardia. Read More

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Early-onset cardiac dysfunction following allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Open Heart 2022 05;9(1)

Department of Haematology, Oncology and Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

Objective: Heart failure following allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a serious complication that requires early detection; however, the clinical implications of early-onset cancer therapy-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD) following allo-HSCT remain unclear. We investigated the determinants and prognostic impact of early-onset CTRCD in allo-HSCT recipients.

Methods: The records of 136 patients with haematological malignancies who underwent allo-HSCT at our institute were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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The Promoting Resilience in Stress Management (PRISM) intervention for adolescents and young adults receiving hematopoietic cell transplantation: a randomized controlled trial protocol.

BMC Palliat Care 2022 May 19;21(1):82. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Psychological distress is prevalent among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) receiving hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). The Promoting Resilience in Stress Management (PRISM) intervention is a resilience-coaching program that has been shown to mitigate distress and improve quality of life among AYAs receiving chemotherapy for newly diagnosed or advanced cancer. This article describes the protocol of an ongoing randomized-controlled trial (RCT) examining the efficacy of PRISM among AYAs receiving HCT for cancer and/or blood disorders. Read More

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Cardiac myxomas: A narrative review.

World J Cardiol 2022 Apr;14(4):206-219

Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Cardiac myxomas are common primary neoplasms of the heart. They are biologically benign but "functionally malignant" because of the potential for embolization. They arise most commonly from the left atrium, but no chambers of the heart are immune. Read More

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Burden of Coronary Heart Disease and Cancer from Dietary Exposure to Inorganic Arsenic in Adults in China, 2016.

Ann Glob Health 2022 28;88(1):28. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

MOE Key Lab of Environment and Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, PR China.

Background And Objectives: Inorganic arsenic (iAs) can cause a wide range of health problems, including coronary heart disease (CHD) and lung, bladder, and skin cancer. Although dietary iAs intake is the primary source of iAs, the burden of CHD and cancers from dietary iAs exposure in Chinese adults has not been well known.

Methods: To estimate the iAs exposure level in Chinese adults' diet, we systematically collected food-specific iAs concentrations in China from Chinese and English literature databases during 2000-2020. Read More

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Tamponade with recurrent chylopericardium in patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: chemotherapy is the key management after pericardiocentesis.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 17;15(5). Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Universitas Airlangga Hospital, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

Cardiac tamponade, the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space, leads to impaired venous return, loss of left ventricular preload and haemodynamic collapse. Chylopericardium is an unusual cause of the pericardial effusion. This is often secondary to malignancy. Read More

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Small intestinal myxoma presented with bowel obstruction, a rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 14;95:107180. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Pathology, Medical School, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Myxomas are rare benign mesenchymal neoplasms and mostly occur in cardiac atrium and with lower prevalence, appear in sinonasal tract, gnathic bone, skin and joints. Benign primary tumors of the small intestine are quite unusual accounting about 3% of all the gastrointestinal tract neoplasms.

Presentation Of Case: In this report, we present a rare case of small intestinal myxoma in a 43-year-old man complicated by ileoileal intussusception causing bowel obstruction. Read More

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