9,179 results match your criteria Cardiac Neoplasms Primary

Effectiveness of physical exercise on the cardiovascular system in breast cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Jun 9;44:101426. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Nursing Department, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The primary purpose of this study is to structure the available evidence relating to physical exercise programs and their impact on patients' cardiovascular system during the convalescence for breast cancer.

Methods: We searched six English databases and four Chinese databases from inception to May 19, 2021. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data. Read More

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Time trends in hospital discharges in patients aged 85 years and older in Spain: data from the Spanish National Discharge Database (2000-2015).

BMC Geriatr 2021 06 16;21(1):371. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, General University Hospital of Alicante-ISABIAL, Alicante, Spain.

Background: The aging population is an increasing concern in Western hospital systems. The aim of this study was to describe the main characteristics and hospitalization patterns in inpatients aged 85 years or more in Spain from 2000 to 2015.

Methods: Retrospective observational study analyzing data from the minimum basic data set, an administrative registry recording each hospital discharge in Spain since 1997. Read More

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Clinicopathological Characteristics and Recurrence-Free Survival of Rare Variants of Papillary Thyroid Carcinomas in Korea: A Retrospective Study.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background: We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological features and biological behaviors of Korean thyroid cancer patients with rare variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) to address the ambiguity regarding the prognostic consequences of these variants.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 5,496 patients who underwent thyroid surgery for PTC, between January and December 2012, in nine tertiary hospitals. Rare PTC variants included tall cell (TCV), columnar cell (CCV), diffuse sclerosing (DSV), cribriform-morular (CMV), solid (SV), hobnail, and Warthin-like variants. Read More

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Right ventricular outflow obstruction with squamous cell carcinoma of unknown origin.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 2;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Cardiac Surgery, Jikei University School of Medicine, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

A 60-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of chest tightness. CT scans showed no specific findings except a right ventricular (RV) mass. Echocardiogram revealed that the large cardiac mass was compressing the right ventricular outflow tract, and the patient thus underwent an emergency operation. Read More

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[Successful surgical resection of primary cardiac angiosarcoma: a case report].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 May;49(5):513-515

Cardiac Surgery Ⅲ, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

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A Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Trial for Assessing the Usefulness of Suppressing Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Target Levels after Thyroid Lobectomy in Low to Intermediate Risk Thyroid Cancer Patients (MASTER): A Study Protocol.

Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Background: Postoperative thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy is recommended for patients with intermediate- and high-risk differentiated thyroid cancer to prevent the recurrence of thyroid cancer. With the recent increase in small thyroid cancer cases, the extent of resection during surgery has generally decreased. Therefore, questions have been raised about the efficacy and long-term side effects of TSH suppression therapy in patients who have undergone a lobectomy. Read More

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Surgery for Valvular and Non-Valvular Papillary Fibroelastomas.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Rostock Heart Center, Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18057, Rostock, Germany; Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Health Science, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Papillary fibroelastomas (PFE) are benign neoplasms, mostly located on valvular surfaces with high embolic potential. This study presents a 27-year single institutional experience on surgical treatment of PFE in an adult patient- cohort with long-term follow-up. This study was approved by the institutional review board. Read More

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Giant Right Atrial Myxoma with Symptoms of Right Heart Failure.

Med Arch 2021 Feb;75(1):66-68

Center for Heart Disease Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Background: Cardiac myxoma is the most common benign tumor of the heart. It presents with a variety of clinical signs and symptomatology making diagnosis frequently quite a challenge.

Objective: The aim of this article is to present a case report of giant right atrial myxoma with symptoms of right heart failure in adult patient. Read More

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February 2021

Cemiplimab in locally advanced basal cell carcinoma after hedgehog inhibitor therapy: an open-label, multi-centre, single-arm, phase 2 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 06 14;22(6):848-857. Epub 2021 May 14.

Skin Cancer Center, Department of Dermatology, Harz Clinics, Quedlinburg, Germany.

Background: Before February, 2021, there was no standard treatment regimen for locally advanced basal cell carcinoma after first-line hedgehog inhibitor (HHI) therapy. Cemiplimab, a PD-1 antibody, is approved for treatment of advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and has shown clinical activity as monotherapy in first-line non-small-cell lung cancer. Here, we present the primary analysis data of cemiplimab in patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma after HHI therapy. Read More

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Prevention of Cardiac Dysfunction During Adjuvant Breast Cancer Therapy (PRADA): Extended Follow-Up of a 2×2 Factorial, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Clinical Trial of Candesartan and Metoprolol.

Circulation 2021 Jun 16;143(25):2431-2440. Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Cardiology (A.M., K.S., G.G., T.O.), Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

Background: Adjuvant breast cancer therapy containing anthracyclines with or without anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 antibodies and radiotherapy is associated with cancer treatment-related cardiac dysfunction. In the PRADA trial (Prevention of Cardiac Dysfunction During Adjuvant Breast Cancer Therapy), concomitant treatment with the angiotensin receptor blocker candesartan attenuated the reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in women receiving treatment for breast cancer, whereas the β-blocker metoprolol attenuated the increase in cardiac troponins. This study aimed to assess the long-term effects of candesartan and metoprolol or their combination to prevent a reduction in cardiac function and myocardial injury. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness of prevention and early detection of gastric cancer in Western countries.

Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2021 Mar-Apr;50-51:101735. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Gastric cancer (GC) is a significant global health problem, with Helicobacter pylori infection estimated to be responsible for 89% of non-cardiac GC cases, or 78% of all GC cases. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has called for Helicobacter pylori test-and-treat strategies in countries with high rates of GC. However, for countries with low rates of GC, such as most Western countries, the balance between benefits, harms and costs of screening is less clear-cut. Read More

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Patient-reported quality of life and symptom burden measures in human papillomavirus associated oropharyngeal cancer - A review of the literature and PRO methodology.

Oral Oncol 2021 Jul 29;118:105309. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

The Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Medical Oncology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Medical Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia.

The emergence of human papillomavirus-associated oropharyngeal cancer (HPVOPC) has resulted in an explosion of clinical research offering reduced toxicity and improved health-related quality of life (HRQL) through treatment de-escalation. At the heart of this objective are patient-reported outcomes (PROs) which aim to quantify the patient experience, usually through the measurement of HRQL or symptom burden. A number of PRO measures (PROMs) are available to HNC researchers and selection of the optimal instrument relies on a detailed understanding of their content and psychometric properties matched to the clinical endpoint of interest. Read More

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Unusual cardiac tamponade: Giant primary cardiac myxoid liposarcoma.

J Card Surg 2021 Jul 29;36(7):2536-2538. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Primary cardiac myxoid liposarcoma is an extremely rare disease. We reported a 61-year-old man with a 1-month history of aggressive dyspnea and anorexia due to a giant primary cardiac myxoid liposarcoma. Radical resection, whenever feasible, is considered to be an appropriate surgical strategy for this disease. Read More

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[Primary osteosarcoma of left atrium: report of a case].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 May;50(5):524-526

Department of Pathology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

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Risk of cardiovascular mortality with androgen deprivation therapy in prostate cancer: A secondary analysis of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Randomized Controlled Trial.

Cancer 2021 Jul 27;127(13):2213-2221. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: For men with radiation-managed prostate cancer, there is conflicting evidence regarding the association between androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and cardiovascular mortality (CVM), particularly among those who have with preexisting comorbidities. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between ADT and CVM across patient comorbidity status using prospectively collected data from a large clinical trial.

Methods: In total, 1463 men were identified who were diagnosed with clinically localized, intermediate-risk/high-risk prostate cancer (T2b-T4, Gleason 7-10, or prostate-specific antigen >10 ng/mL) from 1993 to 2001 and managed with either radiation therapy (RT) alone or RT plus ADT during the randomized Prostate, Lung, Colon, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial. Read More

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[The development and enhancement of general medical practice as major condition of successful modernization of primary health care].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Mar;29(2):306-312

Central Research Institute of Health Organization and Informatization of Minzdrav of Russia, 127254, Moscow, Russia.

The need for changes in the primary health care system in the Russian Federation that is based on the principles of general medical practice is without any question. But, even after more than thirty years, there is no full-fledged reform still.

The Objective: To assess the state of general medical practice in the Russian Federation to identify its strengths and weaknesses, and to determine further ways of its development. Read More

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Soft Tissue Extramedullary Plasmacytoma Leading to Cauda Equina Syndrome: Case Presentation and Clinical Considerations.

Cureus 2021 Mar 23;13(3):e14056. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Family Medicine, Bariatric Medicine-Non Surgical Weight Loss Care, Ascension Sacred Heart, Pensacola, USA.

Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare neurological emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention for the best potential patient outcome. CES results from the compression of spinal roots along the lower spine usually at the level of L2 or below. It typically presents with severe low back pain, pain radiating to lower extremities, motor weakness, sensory loss, saddle anesthesia, bladder and bowel dysfunction. Read More

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Cardiac lipoblastoma of the pulmonary valve: A rare tumor in an unusual location.

J Card Surg 2021 Jul 24;36(7):2589-2591. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Children's Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.

Backgroud: Lipoblastoma is a rare, benign, fatty tissue tumour tumor that occurs in infancy and early childhood. Intrathoracic and mediastinal involvement of this tumour is rare, and an intracardiac location is even rarer.

Aims: To report the first case of a lipoblastoma in the pulmonary valve. Read More

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[Clinical and imaging characteristics of patients with primary cardiac angiosarcoma].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Apr;49(4):374-379

Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the clinical, cardiac imaging characteristics and prognosis of patients with primary cardiac angiosarcoma. The clinical data of 14 patients hospitalized with primary cardiac angiosarcoma from January 2001 to December 2017 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected and analyzed. Metastatic cardiac angiosarcoma was not included in this study. Read More

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Use of Endoscopic Images in the Prediction of Submucosal Invasion of Gastric Neoplasms: Automated Deep Learning Model Development and Usability Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 15;23(4):e25167. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea.

Background: In a previous study, we examined the use of deep learning models to classify the invasion depth (mucosa-confined versus submucosa-invaded) of gastric neoplasms using endoscopic images. The external test accuracy reached 77.3%. Read More

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Men's Health: Scrotal and Testicular Conditions.

FP Essent 2021 Apr;503:23-27

University of Michigan Medical School Department of Family Medicine, 300 North Ingalls St NI4C06, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5435.

Scrotal and testicular conditions include benign masses, infections, testicular torsion, and testicular cancer. Common palpable benign scrotal masses include spermatocele, varicocele, and hydrocele. Most patients with these masses require no treatment. Read More

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Abdominal ultrasound and alpha-foetoprotein for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma in adults with chronic liver disease.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Apr 15;4:CD013346. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche e Cliniche "L. Sacco", Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurs mostly in people with chronic liver disease and ranks sixth in terms of global instances of cancer, and fourth in terms of cancer deaths for men. Despite that abdominal ultrasound (US) is used as an initial test to exclude the presence of focal liver lesions and serum alpha-foetoprotein (AFP) measurement may raise suspicion of HCC occurrence, further testing to confirm diagnosis as well as staging of HCC is required. Current guidelines recommend surveillance programme using US, with or without AFP, to detect HCC in high-risk populations despite the lack of clear benefits on overall survival. Read More

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CD122-directed interleukin-2 treatment mechanisms in bladder cancer differ from αPD-L1 and include tissue-selective γδ T cell activation.

J Immunother Cancer 2021 Apr;9(4)

Mays Cancer Center, University of Texas Health San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA

Background: Anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (αPD-L1) immunotherapy is approved to treat bladder cancer (BC) but is effective in <30% of patients. Interleukin (IL)-2/αIL-2 complexes (IL-2c) that preferentially target IL-2 receptor β (CD122) augment CD8 antitumor T cells known to improve αPD-L1 efficacy. We hypothesized that the tumor microenvironment, including local immune cells in primary versus metastatic BC, differentially affects immunotherapy responses and that IL-2c effects could differ from, and thus complement αPD-L1. Read More

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Primary cardiac tumours: how well can prenatal diagnosis "predict" postnatal outcome?

Bratisl Lek Listy 2021 ;122(5):315-319

Objective: Primary foetal cardiac tumours are rare congenital malformations. They can cause a flow obstruction, arrhythmias and can lead to cardiac failure, hydrops or death. Postnatal management is based on patient´s clinical and hemodynamic impairment. Read More

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Metformin therapy and risk of cancer in patients after heart transplantation.

Bratisl Lek Listy 2021 ;122(5):305-309

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and malignancy are recognized among the most common complications increasing mortality in patients after heart transplantation (HTx). Clinical trials have shown a higher risk for different types of tumours in diabetic patients. This risk is potentiated by immunosuppressive therapy in transplant patients. Read More

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Clinical Outcomes Following Letrozole Treatment according to Estrogen Receptor Expression in Postmenopausal Women: LETTER Study (KBCSG-006).

J Breast Cancer 2021 Apr 25;24(2):164-174. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels.

Methods: In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2. Read More

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Percutaneous CT-Guided Renal Cryoablation: Technical Aspects, Safety, and Long-Term Oncological Outcomes in a Single Center.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 20;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Radiology, University of Trieste, ASUGI, Ospedale di Cattinara, 34149 Trieste, Italy.

Cryoablation is emerging as a safe and effective therapeutic option for treating renal cell carcinoma. This study analyzed the safety and long-term oncological outcomes of cryoablation in our center. Patients who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous cryoablation between February 2011 and June 2020 for one or more clinically localized renal tumors were identified. Read More

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Surgical and multimodality treatment of cardiac sarcomas: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Card Surg 2021 Jul 2;36(7):2476-2485. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, West German Heart and Vascular Center Essen, University Hospital of Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Introduction: Primary cardiac sarcomas (PCSs) are an extremely rare and aggressive type of malignancies that have been described only by a limited number of observational studies. This study aimed to evaluate the currently existing evidence comparing surgical to multimodality treatment of PCS.

Methods: We systematically reviewed Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane Database, and Google Scholar, from inception to December 2020, for original articles about surgical and multimodality treatment of PCS. Read More

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Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms: A clinical snapshot.

World J Gastrointest Surg 2021 Mar;13(3):231-255

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, PR2 9HT, Preston, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road M13 9PL, Manchester Metropolitan University, All Saints Building M15 6BH, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Our understanding about the epidemiological aspects, pathogenesis, molecular diagnosis, and targeted therapies of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) have drastically advanced in the past decade. Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) NENs originate from the enteroendocrine cells of the embryonic gut which share common endocrine and neural differentiation factors. Most NENs are well-differentiated, and slow growing. Read More

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Independent predictors for 90-day readmission of emergency department patients admitted with sepsis: a prospective cohort study.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Apr 1;21(1):315. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, Ebba Lunds Vej 40A, Entrance 67, 2400 NV, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: The primary objective of our study was to examine predictors for readmission in a prospective cohort of sepsis patients admitted to an emergency department (ED) and identified by the new Sepsis-3 criteria.

Method: A single-center observational population-based cohort study among all adult (≥18 years) patients with sepsis admitted to the emergency department of Slagelse Hospital during 1.10. Read More

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