J Am Coll Surg 2022 01;234(1):48-53
From the Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Philadelphia, PA (Papai, CJ Yeo, Lavu).
Background: We hypothesized that pancreatic and periampullary adenocarcinoma recurrence after surgical resection may be affected by the shedding of malignant epithelial cells during surgical dissection and that this may have implications for disease recurrence and survival.
Study Design: In this ongoing, investigator-initiated prospective randomized controlled trial, patients with pancreatic and periampullary adenocarcinoma were randomized intraoperatively, postresection into 3 study arms: peritoneal lavage using 10 L normal saline or distilled water, or control group with no lavage. Peritoneal fluid was sampled for cytologic analysis (cytospin, cellblock, immunohistochemistry-Ber-EP4 antibody) at 4 stages: (1) abdominal entry pre-dissection, (2) resection bed after tumor extirpation, (3) ex vivo resected specimen, and (4) resection bed postlavage. Read More