4,305 results match your criteria Carcinoid Lung Tumors


Ectopic Cushing Syndrome in Adenocarcinoma of the Lung: Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Apr 28;13(4):e14733. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Internal Medicine, Richmond University Medical Center, Staten Island, USA.

Paraneoplastic syndromes are rare disorders that occur with many types of tumors. Ectopic cushing syndrome (ECS) is the second most common paraneoplastic syndrome that is only seen in 1-5% of all small cell lung cancers (SCLC), with limited papers reporting this syndrome since it was first described by Brown in 1928 or in carcinoid tumors. It is also found to be associated to a lesser extent with pheochromocytoma, thymic tumors, pancreatic carcinoma, and anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. Read More

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[Mediastinal type AB thymoma with spindle cell carcinoid of the lung: report of a case].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;50(6):676-678

Department of Pathology, the First Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China.

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Pulmonary Sclerosing Pneumocytoma: A Pre and Intraoperative Diagnostic Challenge. Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 23;57(6). Epub 2021 May 23.

Thoracic Surgery Unit, Department of Organ Transplantation and Emergency, University Hospital of Bari, 70124 Bari, Italy.

Pulmonary sclerosing pneumocytoma is a rare benign pulmonary tumor of primitive epithelial origin. Because of the unspecific radiological features mimicking malignancies and its histological heterogeneity, the differential diagnosis with adenocarcinoma and carcinoid tumors is still challenging. We report our experience of two cases of sclerosing pneumocytoma, as well as a review of the literature. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of Lu-DOTATATE in lung neuroendocrine tumors: a bi-center study.

J Nucl Med 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Australia.

To assess the efficacy and safety of Lu-DOTATATE in patients with somatostatin receptor (SSR) positive lung neuroendocrine tumor (NET). This is a retrospective review of the outcome of patients with typical carcinoid (TC) and atypical carcinoid (AC), treated with Lu-DOTATATE at two ENETS Centres of Excellence. Morphological imaging (RECIST 1. Read More

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A miR-375/YAP axis regulates neuroendocrine differentiation and tumorigenesis in lung carcinoid cells.

Sci Rep 2021 May 17;11(1):10455. Epub 2021 May 17.

Laboratory of Translational RNA Biology, Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen's University, 88 Stuart St, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada.

Lung carcinoids are variably aggressive and mechanistically understudied neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Here, we identified and elucidated the function of a miR-375/yes-associated protein (YAP) axis in lung carcinoid (H727) cells. miR-375 and YAP are respectively high and low expressed in wild-type H727 cells. Read More

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Predicting Histology of Tracheobronchial Neoplasms: A CT Based Differentiation Model.

Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Surgical Disciplines, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Tracheobronchial (TB) tumors follow same pathological classification as lung neoplasms; however, some entities are known to favor airways. Distinction of pathological types is necessary for suggesting appropriate management strategy.

Purpose: To evaluate utility of multidetector CT (MDCT) in differentiation of primary TB tumors; and assess validity of a scoring system based on imaging biomarkers to differentiate tumor types. Read More

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Outcome of Patients With Metastatic Lung Neuroendocrine Tumors Submitted to First Line Monotherapy With Somatostatin Analogs.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 27;12:669484. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Medical Oncology, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health University of Brescia, ASST-Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy.

Objective: Antiproliferative activity of somatostatin analogs (SSAs) has been demonstrated in digestive neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), but few data have been published in patients with pulmonary NETs. We therefore conducted a retrospective study to provide additional data on the outcome of patients with metastatic lung NETs submitted to front line SSAs.

Research Design And Methods: Patients with metastatic lung NET treated with first line SSA-monotherapy (octreotide or lanreotide) in two different reference Institutions were reviewed. Read More

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SATB2 Is Expressed in a Subset of Pulmonary and Thymic Neuroendocrine Tumors.

Am J Clin Pathol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate SATB2 expression and prognostic implications in a large cohort of thoracic neuroendocrine tumors.

Methods: Surgical pathology files (1995-2017) and an institutional thymic epithelial tumor database (2010-2020) were searched for resected neuroendocrine tumors. Cases were stained with SATB2 (clone EP281). Read More

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Type A thymoma with simultaneous solitary intrapulmonary metastasis: A case report.

Thorac Cancer 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Oncology, Immunology and Surgery, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.

A 79-year-old woman was referred to our facility because of an abnormal chest shadow. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a solitary right middle lung nodule with a maximum diameter of 3 mm and anterior mediastinal nodule with a maximum diameter of 21 mm. The lung nodule was suspected of being a primary lung cancer rather than a metastatic tumor because there were no primary malignant tumors, apart from an anterior mediastinal tumor visible on diagnostic imaging, including F fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography, and a solitary lung nodule. Read More

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Lung carcinoid tumors with Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary NeuroEndocrine Cell Hyperplasia (DIPNECH) exhibit pejorative pathological features.

Lung Cancer 2021 Jun 30;156:117-121. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hôpital Cochin, APHP.CUP, Université de Paris, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary NeuroEndocrine Cell Hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare disease often associated with carcinoid tumors. We aimed at evaluating the impact of DIPNECH on characteristics and prognosis of patients who underwent radical treatment of pulmonary carcinoid tumors.

Material And Methods: We reviewed all patients operated on for curative-intent resection of carcinoid tumor in our department from 2001 to 2020. Read More

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Incidence and Survival Outcomes in Patients with Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasms in the United States.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 7;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Medicine/Hematology & Medical Oncology, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.

Background: The incidence and prevalence of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rapidly rising. Epidemiologic trends have been reported for common NENs, but specific data for lung NENs are lacking.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Read More

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Right middle lobe obstruction associated with synchronous endobronchial carcinoid and aspergillosis.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 12;9:2050313X211009426. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Pulmonary carcinoids originate from neuroendocrine cells of the lung and comprise 0.5%-5% of all lung malignancies. Endobronchial carcinoids are rare, low-grade malignant tumors that occasionally coexist with other infectious diseases, including tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infection. Read More

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Rare pulmonary tumors and carcinoma mimickers; experience from an interventional radiology unit with radiologic-pathologic correlation-A pictoral essay.

Curr Med Imaging 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Although imaging findings along with patients' clinical history may give clue for the etiology of a pulmonary lesion, the differentiation of benign pulmonary lesions from lung cancer could be challenging.

Objective: The aim of this review article was to increase the awareness of the carcinoma mimicking lung lesions.

Methods: This paper was designed to illustrate rare pulmonary tumors and carcinoma mimickers with emphasis on radiologic-pathologic correlation. Read More

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Case Report: Metastatic Bronchopulmonary Carcinoid Tumor to the Pineal Region.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 31;12:623756. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Carilion Clinic Neurosurgery, Roanoke, VA, United States.

Intracranial spread of a systemic malignancy is common in advanced staged cancers; however, metastasis specifically to the pineal gland is a relatively rare occurrence. A number of primary lesions have been reported to metastasize to the pineal gland, the most common of which is lung. However, metastasis of a bronchial neuroendocrine tumor to the pineal gland is a seldom-reported entity. Read More

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Pulmonary carcinoid presenting in pregnancy with an unusual radiological feature.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 15;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Radiology, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, Australia.

Pulmonary carcinoid tumours are a rare form of malignancy that often present with clinical heterogeneity and are challenging to diagnose. Diagnosis during pregnancy is further complicated by delays in imaging and procedures to minimise harm to the fetus. This case describes a primigravid healthcare worker who was diagnosed with pulmonary carcinoid in her first trimester of pregnancy, with particular focus on the unique radiological findings of subpleural blebs as a feature. Read More

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Pulmonary carcinoid tumours: A multi-centre analysis of survival and predictors of outcome following sublobar, lobar, and extended pulmonary resections.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2021 Apr 14:2184923211010090. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Pulmonary carcinoids are rare neoplasms, accounting for approximately 1%-2% of all lung malignancies. A retrospective analysis was undertaken of all patients who underwent surgical resection of pulmonary carcinoid tumours across multiple institutions in Melbourne, Australia.

Methods: From May 2000 through April 2020, 241 patients who underwent surgical resection of pulmonary carcinoid tumours were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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[Ectopic Adrenocorticotropic Hormone-Producing Pulmonary Carcinoid Presenting as Cushing's Syndrome after Intrapleural Hyperthermic Chemotherapy].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Mar;74(3):197-201

Department of Surgery, Okinawa National Hospital, Ginowan, Japan.

The patient was a woman in her 70's was referred to our hospital because of an abnormal shadow on chest roentgenogram at an annual medical checkup. Since preoperative examinations suggested lung cancer in the right middle lobe, thoracoscopic right middle lobectomy was planned. However, pleural dissemination was detected at surgery and we changed the treatment plan to the intrapleural hyperthermic chemotherapy. Read More

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Prognostic Significance of Pulmonary Multifocal Neuroendocrine Proliferation with Typical Carcinoid.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, ITALY. Electronic address:

Background: Clinical significance of multifocal pulmonary neuroendocrine proliferation (MNEP), including tumorlets and pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia, in association with Typical Carcinoid (TC), is still debated.

Methods: A retrospective series of TC with long-term follow-up data prospectively collected from two institutions was evaluated, and the outcome comparison between TC alone and MNEP+TC was investigated. Several baseline covariates were imbalanced between the MNEP+TC and TC groups, therefore, we have conducted 1:1 propensity score matching and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) in the full sample. Read More

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Adapting a 2-week-wait colorectal service in the pandemic using the quantitative faecal immunochemical test.

Br J Nurs 2021 Apr;30(7):404-408

Colorectal Consultant Surgeon, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust, Truro.

The coronavirus pandemic has brought about an economic and healthcare crisis. This has resulted in delays in virtually all areas of patient care and has forced clinicians to review and adapt their processes, in order to ensure patients continue to have access to timely and effective services. In the author's local Trust, this manifested in altered protocols, developed in order to maintain patient and staff safety while conducting invasive and potentially virus-spreading investigations. Read More

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Recent advances and current controversies in lung neuroendocrine neoplasms.

Semin Diagn Pathol 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Inter-Hospital Pathology Division, IRCCS MultiMedica, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

In the lung, neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), namely typical and atypical carcinoids, and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), grouping small cell carcinoma (SCLC) and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC), make up for distinct tumor entities according to epidemiological, genetic, pathologic and clinical data. The proper classification is essential in clinical practice for diagnosis, prognosis and therapy purposes. Through an extensive literature survey, three perspectives on lung NENs have been revised: i) criteria and terminology on biopsy or cytology samples of primaries or metastases; ii) carcinoids with elevated mitotic counts and/or Ki-67 proliferation rates; iii) relevance of molecular landscape to identify new tumor entities and therapeutic targets. Read More

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Diagnostic Value of Conventional PET Parameters and Radiomic Features Extracted from 18F-FDG-PET/CT for Histologic Subtype Classification and Characterization of Lung Neuroendocrine Neoplasms.

Biomedicines 2021 Mar 10;9(3). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Nuclear Medicine Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, 10126 Turin, Italy.

Aim: To evaluate if conventional Positron emission tomography (PET) parameters and radiomic features (RFs) extracted by 18F-FDG-PET/CT can differentiate among different histological subtypes of lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (Lu-NENs).

Methods: Forty-four naïve-treatment patients on whom 18F-FDG-PET/CT was performed for histologically confirmed Lu-NEN (n = 46) were retrospectively included. Manual segmentation was performed by two operators allowing for extraction of four conventional PET parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG)) and 41 RFs. Read More

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Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia With Progression to Neuroendocrine Tumor.

Cureus 2021 Feb 12;13(2):e13297. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Internal Medicine Department, Hospital da Luz Lisboa, Lisbon, PRT.

Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a parenchymal lung disease characterized by a proliferation of neuroendocrine cells in the bronchial wall, with possible local invasion and occasional development of tumorlets. It is considered to be a precursor lesion as it can progress to neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). At presentation, approximately one-half of patients with DIPNECH have a synchronous diagnosis of NET. Read More

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February 2021

[Retrospective study of lung carcinoid: experience in a third level Spanish hospital].

Rev Esp Patol 2021 Apr-Jun;54(2):85-91. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Servicio de Oncología Médica, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, España.

Introduction: Pulmonary carcinoids are relatively rare neuroendocrine neoplasms, accounting for only 1-2% of malignant thoracic tumours. We describe our experience in the management and follow-up of such an infrequent tumour, with special emphasis on possible problems that might arise.

Patients And Methods: We present a descriptive retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with carcinoid tumour between January 2013 and January 2018. Read More

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October 2020

Four synchronous primary tumors in a male patient.

J Cancer Res Ther 2021 Jan-Mar;17(1):258-261

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Multiple primary malignancies are defined as two or more primary malignant tumors diagnosed in one individual; they are further classified to synchronous or metachronous based on the period between each cancer diagnosis and the other. The diagnosis of four synchronous cancers is exceedingly rare. We report a case of a 72-year-old man, diagnosed with synchronous quadruple cancers, Hurthle cell carcinoma and papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, as well as squamous cell carcinoma and carcinoid tumor of the lung. Read More

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Wedge Resection Offers Similar Survival to Segmentectomy for Typical Carcinoid Tumors.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Mar 10. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Division of Thoracic and Esophageal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center and Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio.

Current guidelines recommend anatomic lung resection of typical bronchopulmonary carcinoids. Typical carcinoid tumors have excellent prognosis and sublobar resection has been associated with noninferior long-term survival. It's unclear whether wedge resection is acceptable for small typical carcinoid tumors. Read More

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Value of a patient-reported-outcome measure of carcinoid syndrome symptoms.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 May;184(5):711-722

Service d'Oncologie Médicale et Hépatogastroentérologie, Hospices Civil de Lyon, Lyon, France.

Objective: Literature on patient-reported outcomes (PRO) of carcinoid syndrome symptoms (CSS) is scarce. We used a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to evaluate CSS, the domains of daily life impacted by CSS, the main symptoms that affect daily life, its change according to clinical, biological and morphological evolution, and the risk factors for a poor PRO-CSS score.

Methods: Patients completed the PRO-CSS, EORTC-QLQ30, and GI-NET21 questionnaires at the time of their clinical, laboratory, and morphological assessments in a multicentre French cohort study from February 2019 to May 2020. Read More

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Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors - A single-institute experience.

Lung India 2021 Mar-Apr;38(2):134-138

Department of Pulmonology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Introduction: Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise a spectrum of tumors ranging from indolent to highly aggressive neoplasm. This study aims to study the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of NETs and assess the sensitivity of various IHC markers.

Materials And Methods: All consecutive cases of pulmonary NETs diagnosed from January 2016 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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Bronchial carcinoid tumor in the era of covid-19 pandemic: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 24;80:105703. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Surgery, Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Bronchial carcinoid tumors are rare, slow growing, malignant neuroendocrine tumors which arise from Enterochromaffin (Kulchitsky) cells. Early diagnosis is extremely important as the main stay of treatment is surgical excision.

Presentation Of Case: We present a rare case of bronchial typical carcinoid tumor in a 27-year-old male who presented with a complaint of intermittent dry cough of 2 weeks' duration associated with shortness of breath and low grade fever. Read More

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Management Impact of Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2021 Feb 7;55(1):31-37. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcazar St., CSC 102, Los Angeles, CA 90033 USA.

Purpose: The goal of our retrospective single tertiary academic medical center investigation was to examine the added diagnostic value and clinical impact of Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in the therapeutic management of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).

Methods: Imaging database was queried for all "PET-DOTATATE" examinations performed at our tertiary care academic institution using MONTAGE™. The patient's clinical history and recent prior imaging were reviewed. Read More

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February 2021

Molecular Pathology of Well-Differentiated Pulmonary and Thymic Neuroendocrine Tumors: What Do Pathologists Need to Know?

Endocr Pathol 2021 Mar 27;32(1):154-168. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Dept. of Medicine and Surgery, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.

Thoracic (pulmonary and thymic) neuroendocrine tumors are well-differentiated epithelial neuroendocrine neoplasms that are classified into typical and atypical carcinoid tumors based on mitotic index cut offs and presence or absence of necrosis. This classification scheme is of great prognostic value but designed for surgical specimens, only. Deep molecular characterization of thoracic neuroendocrine tumors highlighted their difference with neuroendocrine carcinomas. Read More

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