240 results match your criteria Carbon Balance and Management [Journal]


The impact of long dry periods on the aboveground biomass in a tropical forests: 20 years of monitoring.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 May 30;15(1):12. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Forest Engineering, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil.

Background: Long-term studies of community and population dynamics indicate that abrupt disturbances often catalyse changes in vegetation and carbon stocks. These disturbances include the opening of clearings, rainfall seasonality, and drought, as well as fire and direct human disturbance. Such events may be super-imposed on longer-term trends in disturbance, such as those associated with climate change (heating, drying), as well as resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00147-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7261387PMC

Correction to: Building houses and managing lawns could limit yard soil carbon for centuries.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 May 23;15(1):11. Epub 2020 May 23.

Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00145-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245733PMC

Estimating New Zealand's harvested wood products carbon stocks and stock changes.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 May 21;15(1):10. Epub 2020 May 21.

Scion-New Zealand Forest Research Institute Limited, Rotorua, New Zealand.

Background: Reducing net greenhouse gas emissions through conserving existing forest carbon stocks and encouraging additional uptake of carbon in existing and new forests have become important climate change mitigation tools. The contribution of harvested wood products (HWPs) to increasing carbon uptake has been recognised and approaches to quantifying this pool developed. In New Zealand, harvesting has more than doubled since 1990 while log exports have increased by a factor of 11 due to past afforestation and comparatively little expansion in domestic processing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00144-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243304PMC

Comparing a global high-resolution downscaled fossil fuel CO emission dataset to local inventory-based estimates over 14 global cities.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 May 19;15(1). Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.

Background: Compilation of emission inventories (EIs) for cities is a whole new challenge to assess the subnational climate mitigation effort under the Paris Climate Agreement. Some cities have started compiling EIs, often following a global community protocol. However, EIs are often difficult to systematically examine because of the ways they were compiled (data collection and emission calculation) and reported (sector definition and direct vs consumption). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00146-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238606PMC

Variability and uncertainty in forest biomass estimates from the tree to landscape scale: the role of allometric equations.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 May 14;15(1). Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, USA.

Background: Biomass maps are valuable tools for estimating forest carbon and forest planning. Individual-tree biomass estimates made using allometric equations are the foundation for these maps, yet the potentially-high uncertainty and bias associated with individual-tree estimates is commonly ignored in biomass map error. We developed allometric equations for lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), ponderosa pine (P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00143-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227279PMC

The impact of increasing land productivity on groundwater dynamics: a case study of an oasis located at the edge of the Gobi Desert.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 May 2;15(1). Epub 2020 May 2.

Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, No. 222 South Tainshui Road, Chengguan District, Lanzhou, 730000, Gansu Province, China.

Background: Intensification of agricultural systems may result in overexploitation of water resources in arid regions because enhanced productivity of crops is often associated with increased actual evapotranspiration (AET). The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of increased regional AET on the groundwater level in a case study of the oasis located within the Shiyang River Basin near the edge of the Gobi Desert.

Result: The results of the study show that regional AET increased during the period from 1981 to 2010 due to increasing oasis area and air temperature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00142-7DOI Listing

Remotely monitoring ecosystem respiration from various grasslands along a large-scale east-west transect across northern China.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Apr 24;15(1). Epub 2020 Apr 24.

State Cultivation Base of Eco-agriculture for Southwest Mountainous Land, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, China.

Background: Grassland ecosystems play an important role in the terrestrial carbon cycles through carbon emission by ecosystem respiration (R) and carbon uptake by plant photosynthesis (GPP). Surprisingly, given R occupies a large component of annual carbon balance, rather less attention has been paid to developing the estimates of R compared to GPP.

Results: Based on 11 flux sites over the diverse grassland ecosystems in northern China, this study examined the amounts of carbon released by R as well as the dominant environmental controls across temperate meadow steppe, typical steppe, desert steppe and alpine meadow, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00141-8DOI Listing

Hundred year projected carbon loads and species compositions for four National Forests in the northwestern USA.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Mar 28;15(1). Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Natural Resources Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 80523-1499, USA.

Background: Forests are an important component of the global carbon balance, and climate sensitive growth and yield models are an essential tool when predicting future forest conditions. In this study, we used the dynamic climate capability of the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) to simulate future (100 year) forest conditions on four National Forests in the northwestern USA: Payette National Forest (NF), Ochoco NF, Gifford Pinchot NF, and Siuslaw NF. Using Forest Inventory and Analysis field plots, aboveground carbon estimates and species compositions were simulated with Climate-FVS for the period between 2016 and 2116 under a no climate change scenario and a future climate scenario. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00140-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227189PMC

Mapping deep peat carbon stock from a LiDAR based DTM and field measurements, with application to eastern Sumatra.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Mar 23;15(1). Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Centre for Landscape and Climate Research, School of Geography, Geology and the Environment, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK.

Background: Reduction of carbon emissions from peatlands is recognized as an important factor in global climate change mitigation. Within the SE Asia region, areas of deeper peat present the greatest carbon stocks, and therefore the greatest potential for future carbon emissions from degradation and fire. They also support most of the remaining lowland swamp forest and its associated biodiversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00139-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227361PMC

Effects of spatial-temporal land cover distribution on gross primary production and net primary production in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany.

Authors:
Liwei Ma

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Mar 19;15(1). Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Ecosystem Management, Institute for Natural Resource Conservation, Christian-Albrechts-Universität Zu Kiel, Olshausenstr.75, 24118, Kiel, Germany.

Background: Annual total Gross Primary Production (GPP) and Net Primary Production (NPP) and the annual total stored GPP and NPP are tightly coupled to land cover distributions because the distinct vegetation conditions of different land cover classes strongly affect GPP and NPP. Spatial and statistical analysis tools using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were used to investigate the spatial distribution of each land cover class and the GPP and NPP based on the CORINE land cover classification in the federal state, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany for the years 2000, 2006 and 2012.

Results: "Non-irrigated arable land" and "pastures" were the dominant land cover classes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-00138-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227218PMC

Changing soil carbon: influencing factors, sequestration strategy and research direction.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Feb 17;15(1). Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Key Laboratory of Mollisols Agroecology, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 4888 Shengbei Road, Changchun, 130102, China.

Soil carbon (C) plays a critical role in the global C cycle and has a profound effect on climate change. To obtain an in-depth and comprehensive understanding of global soil C changes and better manage soil C, all meta-analysis results published during 2001-2019 relative to soil C were collected and synthesized. The effects of 33 influencing factors on soil C were analyzed, compared and classified into 5 grades according to their effects on soil C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-020-0137-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227295PMC
February 2020

Release of coarse woody detritus-related carbon: a synthesis across forest biomes.

Carbon Balance Manag 2020 Jan 15;15(1). Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Northern Forest Science and Applications, USDA Forest Service Northern Research Station, 271 Mast Road, Durham, NH, 03824-0640, USA.

Background: Recent increases in forest tree mortality should increase the abundance coarse woody detritus (CWD) and ultimately lead to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide. However, the time course of carbon release from CWD is not well understood. We compiled CWD decomposition rate-constants (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0136-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227111PMC
January 2020

Greenhouse gas emissions from synthetic nitrogen manufacture and fertilization for main upland crops in China.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Dec 30;14(1):20. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Anhui Province Key Lab of Farmland Ecological Conservation and Pollution Prevention, School of Resources and Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China.

Background: A significant source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions comes from the manufacture of synthetic nitrogen (N) fertilizers consumed in crop production processes. And the application of synthetic N fertilizers is recognized as the most important factor contributing to direct NO emissions from agricultural soils. Based on statistical data and relevant literature, the GHG emissions associated with synthetic N manufacture and fertilization for wheat and maize in different provinces and agricultural regions of China were quantitatively evaluated in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0133-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227229PMC
December 2019

Controlling CO emissions for each area in a region: the case of Japan.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Dec 27;14(1):19. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Department of Urban and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Urban Institute, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishiku, Fukuoka, 8190395, Japan.

Background: Global warming is the most serious problem we face today. Each country is expected to ensure international cooperation toward minimizing risk. To evaluate the countermeasures, many researchers have developed integrated assessment models (IAMs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0135-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227081PMC
December 2019

The accuracy of species-specific allometric equations for estimating aboveground biomass in tropical moist montane forests: case study of Albizia grandibracteata and Trichilia dregeana.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Dec 19;14(1):18. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Center for Environmental Science, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Application of allometric equations for quantifying forests aboveground biomass is a crucial step related to efforts of climate change mitigation. Generalized allometric equations have been applied for estimating biomass and carbon storage of forests. However, adopting a generalized allometric equation to estimate the biomass of different forests generates uncertainty due to environmental variation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0134-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227094PMC
December 2019

How can forest management increase biomass accumulation and CO sequestration? A case study on beech forests in Hesse, Germany.

Authors:
Joachim H A Krug

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Dec 17;14(1):17. Epub 2019 Dec 17.

Silviculture and Forest Ecology of the Temperate Zones, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Büsgenweg 1, 37077, Göttingen, Germany.

Background: While the capability of forests to sequester carbon dioxide (CO) is acknowledged as an important component in fighting climate change, a closer look reveals the difficulties in determining the actual contribution by forest management when indirect and natural impacts are to be factored out. The goal of this study is to determine the direct human-induced impacts on forest growth by cumulative biomass growth and resulting structural changes, exemplified for a dominating forest species Fagus sylvatica L. in central Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0132-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227326PMC
December 2019

Optimizing sequestered carbon in forest offset programs: balancing accounting stringency and participation.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Dec 3;14(1):16. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

Department of Geography and Planning, Appalachian State University, Boone, USA.

Background: Although there is broad agreement that negative carbon emissions may be required in order to meet the global climate change targets specified in the Paris Agreement and that carbon sequestration in the terrestrial biosphere can be an important contributor, there are important accounting issues that often discourage forest carbon sequestration projects. The legislation establishing the California forest offset program, for example, requires that offsets be "real, additional, quantifiable, permanent, verifiable, and enforceable". While these are all clearly desirable attributes, their implementation has been a great challenge in balancing complexity, expense, and risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0131-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227184PMC
December 2019

Assessing the contribution of harvested wood products under greenhouse gas estimation: accounting under the Paris Agreement and the potential for double-counting among the choice of approaches.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Nov 26;14(1):15. Epub 2019 Nov 26.

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University, 3 Bunkyo-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori, 036-8561, Japan.

Background: There are multiple approaches for estimating emissions and removals arising from harvested wood products (HWP) based on differences between when and where a given carbon stock change is calculated. At this moment, countries are free to use any HWP approach to prepare their annual greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory and determine emission reduction targets for their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), although under the Paris Agreement (PA), the production approach is used for standard reporting in GHG inventories. Global double-counting and non-counting of HWP might occur depending on the HWP approach each country uses; however, the impact of such double-counting and non-counting has not been thoroughly evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0129-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227311PMC
November 2019

China's pathway to a low carbon economy.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Nov 21;14(1):14. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Water Security for Water Source Region of Mid-Route Project of South-To-North Water Diversion of Henan Province, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang, 473061, Henan, China.

Climate change has emerged as one of the most important environmental issues worldwide. As the world's biggest developing country, China is participating in combating climate change by promoting a low carbon economy within the context of global warming. This paper summarizes the pathways of China's low carbon economy including the aspects of energy, industry, low carbon cities, circular economy and low carbon technology, afforestation and carbon sink, the carbon emission trading market and carbon emission reduction targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0130-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227284PMC
November 2019

Comparative assessment of net CO exchange across an urbanization gradient in Korea based on eddy covariance measurements.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Sep 11;14(1):13. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Jeju, South Korea.

Background: It is important to quantify changes in CO sources and sinks with land use and land cover change. In the last several decades, carbon sources and sinks in East Asia have been altered by intensive land cover changes due to rapid economic growth and related urbanization. To understand impact of urbanization on carbon cycle in the monsoon Asia, we analyze net CO exchanges for various land cover types across an urbanization gradient in Korea covering high-rise high-density residential, suburban, cropland, and subtropical forest areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0128-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227202PMC
September 2019

The relevance of using in situ carbon and nitrogen data and satellite images to assess aboveground carbon and nitrogen stocks for supporting national REDD + programmes in Africa.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Sep 10;14(1):12. Epub 2019 Sep 10.

Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Regional Office for Africa (RAF), Accra, Ghana.

Background: To reduce the uncertainty in estimates of carbon emissions resulting from deforestation and forest degradation, better information on the carbon density per land use/land cover (LULC) class and in situ carbon and nitrogen data is needed. This allows a better representation of the spatial distribution of carbon and nitrogen stocks across LULC. The aim of this study was to emphasize the relevance of using in situ carbon and nitrogen content of the main tree species of the site when quantifying the aboveground carbon and nitrogen stocks in the context of carbon accounting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0127-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227328PMC
September 2019
3 Reads

Evaluating spatial coverage of data on the aboveground biomass in undisturbed forests in the Brazilian Amazon.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Sep 3;14(1):11. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Earth System Science Center (CCST), National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Av dos Astronautas 1758, São José dos Campos, SP, 12227-010, Brazil.

Background: Brazilian Amazon forests contain a large stock of carbon that could be released into the atmosphere as a result of land use and cover change. To quantify the carbon stocks, Brazil has forest inventory plots from different sources, but they are unstandardized and not always available to the scientific community. Considering the Brazilian Amazon extension, the use of remote sensing, combined with forest inventory plots, is one of the best options to estimate forest aboveground biomass (AGB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0126-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7226941PMC
September 2019

Impact of modelling choices on setting the reference levels for the EU forest carbon sinks: how do different assumptions affect the country-specific forest reference levels?

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Sep 3;14(1):10. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz 1, 2361, Laxenburg, Austria.

Background: In 2018, the European Union (EU) adopted Regulation 2018/841, which sets the accounting rules for the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector for the period 2021-2030. This regulation is part of the EU's commitments to comply with the Paris Agreement. According to the new regulation, emissions and removals for managed forest land are to be accounted against a projected forest reference level (FRL) that is estimated by each EU Member State based on the continuation of forest management practices of the reference period 2000-2009. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0125-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227277PMC
September 2019

Building houses and managing lawns could limit yard soil carbon for centuries.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Aug 16;14(1). Epub 2019 Aug 16.

Environmental Studies Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA.

Background: Comparisons of soil carbon (C) pools across land uses can be confounded by site-specific history. To better quantify the response of soil C pools to residential development and use, we compared yard soils (n = 20) to adjacent mown fields and second-growth forests within land-use clusters (LUC; n = 12). Land uses within clusters shared site-specific legacies (land use and other soil forming history) prior to residential development (15-227 years ago). Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0124-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227114PMC
August 2019
1 Read

On the realistic contribution of European forests to reach climate objectives.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Jun 14;14(1). Epub 2019 Jun 14.

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 21027, Ispra, VA, Italy.

A recent article by Luyssaert et al. (Nature 562:259-262, 2018) analyses the climate impact of forest management in the European Union, considering both biogeochemical (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0123-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227057PMC
June 2019
23 Reads

Carbon stock under major land use/land cover types of Hades sub-watershed, eastern Ethiopia.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 May 22;14(1). Epub 2019 May 22.

School of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

Background: Developing land management scenarios that have the potential to sequester carbon and reduce greenhouse gasses (GHG) emission on a sustainable basis entails quantifying the current carbon stock under different land uses. In light of this, a study was conducted in Hades sub-watershed, eastern Ethiopia, to explore the carbon stock under four major land uses: natural forest, coffee agroforestry, grazing land and cropland, involving samples from four carbon pools: aboveground, belowground, litter, and soil. To this end, vegetation and soil samples were collected from the respective land uses following recommended procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0122-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227236PMC
May 2019
3 Reads

Assessing Lagrangian inverse modelling of urban anthropogenic CO fluxes using in situ aircraft and ground-based measurements in the Tokyo area.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 May 17;14(1). Epub 2019 May 17.

Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, 305 0052, Japan.

Background: In order to use in situ measurements to constrain urban anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide (CO), we use a Lagrangian methodology based on diffusive backward trajectory tracer reconstructions and Bayesian inversion. The observations of atmospheric CO were collected within the Tokyo Bay Area during the Comprehensive Observation Network for TRace gases by AIrLiner (CONTRAIL) flights, from the Tsukuba tall tower of the Meteorological Research Institute (MRI) of the Japan Meteorological Agency and at two surface sites (Dodaira and Kisai) from the World Data Center for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG).

Results: We produce gridded estimates of the CO emissions and calculate the averages for different areas within the Kanto plain where Tokyo is located. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0118-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227294PMC
May 2019
3 Reads

Estimation of the aboveground biomass and carbon stocks in open Brazilian Savannah developed on sandy soils.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 May 4;14(1). Epub 2019 May 4.

Departamento de Silvicultura, Instituto de Florestas, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, BR 465 km 7, Seropédica, 23890-000, Brazil.

Background: The Cerrado is the second largest biome in Brazil and the most biodiverse tropical savannah in the world and acts as a great sequester of atmospheric carbon. The lack of studies related to the quantification of its total biomass compromises the understanding of the dynamics of CO in this biome. Thus, it is relevant to develop studies aiming at obtaining accurate estimates of the carbon stock in the different phytophysiognomies that make the Cerrado, to include them in appropriate forest management models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0121-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227269PMC

Carbon stocks for different land cover types in Mainland Tanzania.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Apr 27;14(1). Epub 2019 Apr 27.

Department of Forest Resources Assessment and Management, College of Forestry, Wildlife and Tourism, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Box 3013, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Background: Developing countries participating in the mitigation mechanism of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), are required to establish a forest reference emission level (FREL), if they wish to seek financial support to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. However, establishment of FREL relies heavily on the accurate estimates of carbon stock as one of the input variable for computation of the emission factors (EFs). The product of an EF and activity data, such as the area of deforestation, results in the total emissions needed for establishment of FREL. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0120-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227115PMC
April 2019
18 Reads

GHG mitigation in Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector in Thailand.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Apr 23;14(1). Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

Background: The Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector is responsible for almost a quarter of the global Greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. The emissions associated with AFOLU activities are projected to increase in the future. The agriculture sector in Thailand accounted for 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0119-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227194PMC

Forest degradation and biomass loss along the Chocó region of Colombia.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Mar 23;14(1). Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique, UMR 5174, CNRS Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.

Background: Wet tropical forests of Chocó, along the Pacific Coast of Colombia, are known for their high plant diversity and endemic species. With increasing pressure of degradation and deforestation, these forests have been prioritized for conservation and carbon offset through Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) mechanisms. We provide the first regional assessment of forest structure and aboveground biomass using measurements from a combination of ground tree inventories and airborne Light Detection and Ranging (Lidar). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0117-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446973PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Carbon stock of the various carbon pools in Gerba-Dima moist Afromontane forest, South-western Ethiopia.

Carbon Balance Manag 2019 Feb 2;14(1). Epub 2019 Feb 2.

College of Natural Sciences, Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 3434, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Unlike in the developed countries, Ethiopia does not have carbon inventories and databank to monitor and enhance carbon sequestration potential of different forests. Only small efforts have been made so far to assess the biomass and soil carbon sequestration at micro-level. This study was carried out to obtain sufficient information about the carbon stock potential of Gerba-Dima forest in south-western Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-019-0116-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446976PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Carbon dynamics of paper, engineered wood products and bamboo in landfills: evidence from reactor studies.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Dec 27;13(1):27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

NSW Department of Primary Industries, Beef Industry Centre, University of New England, Trevenna Rd, Armidale, NSW, 2351, Australia.

Background: There has been growing interest in the development of waste-specific decay factors for estimation of greenhouse gas emissions from landfills in national greenhouse gas inventories. Although engineered wood products (EWPs) and paper represent a substantial component of the solid waste stream, there is limited information available on their carbon dynamics in landfills. The objective of this study was to determine the extent of carbon loss for EWPs and paper products commonly used in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0115-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419946PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Carbon costs and benefits of France's biomass energy production targets.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Dec 13;13(1):26. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

CESAER, AgroSup Dijon, INRA, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000, Dijon, France.

Background: Concern about climate change has motivated France to reduce its reliance on fossil fuel by setting targets for increased biomass-based renewable energy production. This study quantifies the carbon costs and benefits for the French forestry sector in meeting these targets. A forest growth and harvest simulator was developed for French forests using recent forest inventory data, and the wood-use chain was reconstructed from national wood product statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0113-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292836PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Pasture enclosures increase soil carbon dioxide flux rate in Semiarid Rangeland, Kenya.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Dec 7;13(1):24. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), 90183, Umea, Sweden.

Background: Pasture enclosures play an important role in rehabilitating the degraded soils and vegetation, and may also influence the emission of key greenhouse gasses (GHGs) from the soil. However, no study in East Africa and in Kenya has conducted direct measurements of GHG fluxes following the restoration of degraded communal grazing lands through the establishment of pasture enclosures. A field experiment was conducted in northwestern Kenya to measure the emission of CO, CH and NO from soil under two pasture restoration systems; grazing dominated enclosure (GDE) and contractual grazing enclosure (CGE), and in the adjacent open grazing rangeland (OGR) as control. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0114-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286293PMC
December 2018
39 Reads

Selection criteria for linear regression models to estimate individual tree biomasses in the Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Dec 7;13(1):25. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Graduate Programme in Forestry, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Background: Biomass models are useful for several purposes, especially for quantifying carbon stocks and dynamics in forests. Selecting appropriate equations from a fitted model is a process which can involves several criteria, some widely used and others used to a lesser extent. This study analyzes six selection criteria for models fitted to six sets of individual biomass collected from woody indigenous species of the Tropical Atlantic Rain Forest in Brazil. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0112-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286299PMC
December 2018
25 Reads

Biomass allometric equation and expansion factor for a mountain moist evergreen forest in Mozambique.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Nov 26;13(1):23. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering, Eduardo Mondlane University, Main Campus, Building # 1, P.O.Box 257, Maputo, Mozambique.

Background: Worldwide, forests are an important carbon sink and thus are key to mitigate the effects of climate change. Mountain moist evergreen forests in Mozambique are threatened by agricultural expansion, uncontrolled logging, and firewood collection, thus compromising their role in carbon sequestration. There is lack of local tools for above-ground biomass (AGB) estimation of mountain moist evergreen forest, hence carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation are not adequately known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0111-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261091PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Global carbon dioxide removal rates from forest landscape restoration activities.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Nov 20;13(1):22. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Winrock International, 2121 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, VA, 22202, USA.

Background: Forest landscape restoration (FLR) has been adopted by governments and practitioners across the globe to mitigate and adapt to climate change and restore ecological functions across degraded landscapes. However, the extent to which these activities capture CO with associated climate mitigation impacts are poorly known, especially in geographies where data on biomass growth of restored forests are limited or do not exist. To fill this gap, we developed biomass accumulation rates for a set of FLR activities (natural regeneration, planted forests and woodlots, agroforestry, and mangrove restoration) across the globe and global CO removal rates with corresponding confidence intervals, grouped by FLR activity and region/climate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0110-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6246754PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Questioning emissions-based approaches for the definition of REDD+ deforestation baselines in high forest cover/low deforestation countries.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 30;13(1):21. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Cirad, UR Forests & Societies, Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Background: REDD+ is being questioned by the particular status of High Forest/Low Deforestation countries. Indeed, the formulation of reference levels is made difficult by the confrontation of low historical deforestation records with the forest transition theory on the one hand. On the other hand, those countries might formulate incredibly high deforestation scenarios to ensure large payments even in case of inaction. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0109-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207608PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Dynamics of carbon and CO removals by Brazilian forest plantations during 1990-2016.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 22;13(1):20. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

BIOFIX Research Center, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Background: We analyzed the dynamics of carbon (C) stocks and CO removals by Brazilian forest plantations over the period 1990-2016. Data on the extent of forests compiled from various sources were used in the calculations. Productivities were simulated using species-specific growth and yield simulators for the main trees species planted in the country. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0106-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197349PMC
October 2018
38 Reads

Time-series maps of aboveground biomass in dipterocarps forests of Malaysia from PALSAR and PALSAR-2 polarimetric data.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 19;13(1):19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Geoinformation Programme, Division of Forestry and Environment, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, 52109, Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Malaysia typically suffers from frequent cloud cover, hindering spatially consistent reporting of deforestation and forest degradation, which limits the accurate reporting of carbon loss and CO emissions for reducing emission from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) intervention. This study proposed an approach for accurate and consistent measurements of biomass carbon and CO emissions using a single L-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensor system. A time-series analysis of aboveground biomass (AGB) using the PALSAR and PALSAR-2 systems addressed a number of critical questions that have not been previously answered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0108-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6195500PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Understanding the implications of the EU-LULUCF regulation for the wood supply from EU forests to the EU.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 16;13(1):18. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Background: In June 2018, the European Parliament and Council of the European Union adopted a legislative regulation for incorporating greenhouse gas emissions and removals from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (EU-LULUCF) under its 2030 Climate and Energy Framework. The LULUCF regulation aim to incentivise EU Member States to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and increase removals in the LULUCF sector. The regulation, however, does not set a target for increasing the LULUCF carbon sink, but rather includes a 'no net debit' target for LULUCF (Forests and Agricultural soils). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0107-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191406PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Carbon budgets of potential tropical perennial grass cropping scenarios for bioenergy feedstock production.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 24;13(1):17. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1910 East-West Rd., Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA.

Background: The environmental costs of fossil fuel consumption are globally recognized, opening many pathways for the development of regional portfolio solutions for sustainable replacement fuel and energy options. The purpose of this study was to create a baseline carbon (C) budget of a conventionally managed sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) production system on Maui, Hawaii, and compare it to three different future energy cropping scenarios: (1) conventional sugarcane with a 50% deficit irrigation (sugarcane 50%), (2) ratoon harvested napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) with 100% irrigation (napier 100%), and (3) ratoon harvested napiergrass with a 50% deficit irrigation (napier 50%). Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0102-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6153195PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Spatially-integrated estimates of net ecosystem exchange and methane fluxes from Canadian peatlands.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 20;13(1):16. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, 506 Burnside Road W, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: Peatlands are an important component of Canada's landscape, however there is little information on their national-scale net emissions of carbon dioxide [Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE)] and methane (CH). This study compiled results for peatland NEE and CH emissions from chamber and eddy covariance studies across Canada. The data were summarized by bog, poor fen and rich-intermediate fen categories for the seven major peatland containing terrestrial ecozones (Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains, Boreal Shield, Boreal Plains, Hudson Plains, Taiga Shield, Taiga Plains) that comprise > 96% of all peatlands nationally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0105-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147052PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Multiscale divergence between Landsat- and lidar-based biomass mapping is related to regional variation in canopy cover and composition.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 14;13(1):15. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Forest Ecosystems and Society Department, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.

Background: Satellite-based aboveground forest biomass maps commonly form the basis of forest biomass and carbon stock mapping and monitoring, but biomass maps likely vary in performance by region and as a function of spatial scale of aggregation. Assessing such variability is not possible with spatially-sparse vegetation plot networks. In the current study, our objective was to determine whether high-resolution lidar-based and moderate-resolution Landsat-base aboveground live forest biomass maps converged on similar predictions at stand- to landscape-levels (10 s to 100 s ha) and whether such differences depended on biophysical setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0104-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138055PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

The effects of land cover change on carbon stock dynamics in a dry Afromontane forest in northern Ethiopia.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 6;13(1):14. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Land Resources Management and Environmental Protection, Mekelle University, P.O. Box 231, 7000, Mekelle, Ethiopia.

Background: Forests play an important role in mitigating global climate change by capturing and sequestering atmospheric carbon. Quantitative estimation of the temporal and spatial pattern of carbon storage in forest ecosystems is critical for formulating forest management policies to combat climate change. This study explored the effects of land cover change on carbon stock dynamics in the Wujig Mahgo Waren forest, a dry Afromontane forest that covers an area of 17,000 ha in northern Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0103-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127076PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Climate change mitigation in Canada's forest sector: a spatially explicit case study for two regions.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 6;13(1):11. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, 506 Burnside Road West, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: We determine the potential of forests and the forest sector to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by changes in management practices and wood use for two regions within Canada's managed forest from 2018 to 2050. Our modeling frameworks include the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector, a framework for harvested wood products that estimates emissions based on product half-life decay times, and an account of marginal emission substitution benefits from the changes in use of wood products and bioenergy. Using a spatially explicit forest inventory with 16 ha pixels, we examine mitigation scenarios relating to forest management and wood use: increased harvesting efficiency; residue management for bioenergy; reduced harvest; reduced slashburning, and more longer-lived wood products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0099-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6125263PMC
September 2018
35 Reads

A systems approach to assess climate change mitigation options in landscapes of the United States forest sector.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 4;13(1):13. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, 506 Burnside Road West, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: United States forests can contribute to national strategies for greenhouse gas reductions. The objective of this work was to evaluate forest sector climate change mitigation scenarios from 2018 to 2050 by applying a systems-based approach that accounts for net emissions across four interdependent components: (1) forest ecosystem, (2) land-use change, (3) harvested wood products, and (4) substitution benefits from using wood products and bioenergy. We assessed a range of land management and harvested wood product scenarios for two case studies in the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0100-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123328PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Contribution of forest wood products to negative emissions: historical comparative analysis from 1960 to 2015 in Norway, Sweden and Finland.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 4;13(1):12. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Industrial Ecology Programme, Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Forests and forest products can significantly contribute to climate change mitigation by stabilizing and even potentially decreasing the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO) in the atmosphere. Harvested wood products (HWP) represent a common widespread and cost-efficient opportunity for negative emissions. After harvest, a significant fraction of the wood remains stored in HWPs for a period that can vary from some months to many decades, whereas atmospheric carbon (C) is immediately sequestered by vegetation re-growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0101-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123331PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Estimating urban above ground biomass with multi-scale LiDAR.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Jun 26;13(1):10. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Geography, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.

Background: Urban trees have long been valued for providing ecosystem services (mitigation of the "heat island" effect, suppression of air pollution, etc.); more recently the potential of urban forests to store significant above ground biomass (AGB) has also be recognised. However, urban areas pose particular challenges when assessing AGB due to plasticity of tree form, high species diversity as well as heterogeneous and complex land cover. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0098-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020103PMC
June 2018
4 Reads