207 results match your criteria Carbon Balance and Management [Journal]


Carbon costs and benefits of France's biomass energy production targets.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Dec 13;13(1):26. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

CESAER, AgroSup Dijon, INRA, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000, Dijon, France.

Background: Concern about climate change has motivated France to reduce its reliance on fossil fuel by setting targets for increased biomass-based renewable energy production. This study quantifies the carbon costs and benefits for the French forestry sector in meeting these targets. A forest growth and harvest simulator was developed for French forests using recent forest inventory data, and the wood-use chain was reconstructed from national wood product statistics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0113-5DOI Listing
December 2018

Pasture enclosures increase soil carbon dioxide flux rate in Semiarid Rangeland, Kenya.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Dec 7;13(1):24. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), 90183, Umea, Sweden.

Background: Pasture enclosures play an important role in rehabilitating the degraded soils and vegetation, and may also influence the emission of key greenhouse gasses (GHGs) from the soil. However, no study in East Africa and in Kenya has conducted direct measurements of GHG fluxes following the restoration of degraded communal grazing lands through the establishment of pasture enclosures. A field experiment was conducted in northwestern Kenya to measure the emission of CO, CH and NO from soil under two pasture restoration systems; grazing dominated enclosure (GDE) and contractual grazing enclosure (CGE), and in the adjacent open grazing rangeland (OGR) as control. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0114-4DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Selection criteria for linear regression models to estimate individual tree biomasses in the Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Dec 7;13(1):25. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Graduate Programme in Forestry, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Background: Biomass models are useful for several purposes, especially for quantifying carbon stocks and dynamics in forests. Selecting appropriate equations from a fitted model is a process which can involves several criteria, some widely used and others used to a lesser extent. This study analyzes six selection criteria for models fitted to six sets of individual biomass collected from woody indigenous species of the Tropical Atlantic Rain Forest in Brazil. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0112-6DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Biomass allometric equation and expansion factor for a mountain moist evergreen forest in Mozambique.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Nov 26;13(1):23. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering, Eduardo Mondlane University, Main Campus, Building # 1, P.O.Box 257, Maputo, Mozambique.

Background: Worldwide, forests are an important carbon sink and thus are key to mitigate the effects of climate change. Mountain moist evergreen forests in Mozambique are threatened by agricultural expansion, uncontrolled logging, and firewood collection, thus compromising their role in carbon sequestration. There is lack of local tools for above-ground biomass (AGB) estimation of mountain moist evergreen forest, hence carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation are not adequately known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0111-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261091PMC
November 2018

Global carbon dioxide removal rates from forest landscape restoration activities.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Nov 20;13(1):22. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Winrock International, 2121 Crystal Drive Suite 500, Arlington, VA, 22202, USA.

Background: Forest landscape restoration (FLR) has been adopted by governments and practitioners across the globe to mitigate and adapt to climate change and restore ecological functions across degraded landscapes. However, the extent to which these activities capture CO with associated climate mitigation impacts are poorly known, especially in geographies where data on biomass growth of restored forests are limited or do not exist. To fill this gap, we developed biomass accumulation rates for a set of FLR activities (natural regeneration, planted forests and woodlots, agroforestry, and mangrove restoration) across the globe and global CO removal rates with corresponding confidence intervals, grouped by FLR activity and region/climate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0110-8DOI Listing
November 2018

Questioning emissions-based approaches for the definition of REDD+ deforestation baselines in high forest cover/low deforestation countries.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 30;13(1):21. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Cirad, UR Forests & Societies, Univ Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Background: REDD+ is being questioned by the particular status of High Forest/Low Deforestation countries. Indeed, the formulation of reference levels is made difficult by the confrontation of low historical deforestation records with the forest transition theory on the one hand. On the other hand, those countries might formulate incredibly high deforestation scenarios to ensure large payments even in case of inaction. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0109-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6207608PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Dynamics of carbon and CO removals by Brazilian forest plantations during 1990-2016.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 22;13(1):20. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

BIOFIX Research Center, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Background: We analyzed the dynamics of carbon (C) stocks and CO removals by Brazilian forest plantations over the period 1990-2016. Data on the extent of forests compiled from various sources were used in the calculations. Productivities were simulated using species-specific growth and yield simulators for the main trees species planted in the country. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0106-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197349PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Time-series maps of aboveground biomass in dipterocarps forests of Malaysia from PALSAR and PALSAR-2 polarimetric data.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 19;13(1):19. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Geoinformation Programme, Division of Forestry and Environment, Forest Research Institute Malaysia, 52109, Kepong, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Malaysia typically suffers from frequent cloud cover, hindering spatially consistent reporting of deforestation and forest degradation, which limits the accurate reporting of carbon loss and CO emissions for reducing emission from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) intervention. This study proposed an approach for accurate and consistent measurements of biomass carbon and CO emissions using a single L-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensor system. A time-series analysis of aboveground biomass (AGB) using the PALSAR and PALSAR-2 systems addressed a number of critical questions that have not been previously answered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0108-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6195500PMC
October 2018

Understanding the implications of the EU-LULUCF regulation for the wood supply from EU forests to the EU.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Oct 16;13(1):18. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Background: In June 2018, the European Parliament and Council of the European Union adopted a legislative regulation for incorporating greenhouse gas emissions and removals from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (EU-LULUCF) under its 2030 Climate and Energy Framework. The LULUCF regulation aim to incentivise EU Member States to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and increase removals in the LULUCF sector. The regulation, however, does not set a target for increasing the LULUCF carbon sink, but rather includes a 'no net debit' target for LULUCF (Forests and Agricultural soils). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0107-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191406PMC
October 2018

Carbon budgets of potential tropical perennial grass cropping scenarios for bioenergy feedstock production.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 24;13(1):17. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Dept. of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1910 East-West Rd., Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA.

Background: The environmental costs of fossil fuel consumption are globally recognized, opening many pathways for the development of regional portfolio solutions for sustainable replacement fuel and energy options. The purpose of this study was to create a baseline carbon (C) budget of a conventionally managed sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) production system on Maui, Hawaii, and compare it to three different future energy cropping scenarios: (1) conventional sugarcane with a 50% deficit irrigation (sugarcane 50%), (2) ratoon harvested napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) with 100% irrigation (napier 100%), and (3) ratoon harvested napiergrass with a 50% deficit irrigation (napier 50%). Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0102-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6153195PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Spatially-integrated estimates of net ecosystem exchange and methane fluxes from Canadian peatlands.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 20;13(1):16. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, 506 Burnside Road W, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: Peatlands are an important component of Canada's landscape, however there is little information on their national-scale net emissions of carbon dioxide [Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE)] and methane (CH). This study compiled results for peatland NEE and CH emissions from chamber and eddy covariance studies across Canada. The data were summarized by bog, poor fen and rich-intermediate fen categories for the seven major peatland containing terrestrial ecozones (Atlantic Maritime, Mixedwood Plains, Boreal Shield, Boreal Plains, Hudson Plains, Taiga Shield, Taiga Plains) that comprise > 96% of all peatlands nationally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0105-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6147052PMC
September 2018

Multiscale divergence between Landsat- and lidar-based biomass mapping is related to regional variation in canopy cover and composition.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 14;13(1):15. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Forest Ecosystems and Society Department, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.

Background: Satellite-based aboveground forest biomass maps commonly form the basis of forest biomass and carbon stock mapping and monitoring, but biomass maps likely vary in performance by region and as a function of spatial scale of aggregation. Assessing such variability is not possible with spatially-sparse vegetation plot networks. In the current study, our objective was to determine whether high-resolution lidar-based and moderate-resolution Landsat-base aboveground live forest biomass maps converged on similar predictions at stand- to landscape-levels (10 s to 100 s ha) and whether such differences depended on biophysical setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0104-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138055PMC
September 2018

The effects of land cover change on carbon stock dynamics in a dry Afromontane forest in northern Ethiopia.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 6;13(1):14. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Land Resources Management and Environmental Protection, Mekelle University, P.O. Box 231, 7000, Mekelle, Ethiopia.

Background: Forests play an important role in mitigating global climate change by capturing and sequestering atmospheric carbon. Quantitative estimation of the temporal and spatial pattern of carbon storage in forest ecosystems is critical for formulating forest management policies to combat climate change. This study explored the effects of land cover change on carbon stock dynamics in the Wujig Mahgo Waren forest, a dry Afromontane forest that covers an area of 17,000 ha in northern Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0103-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127076PMC
September 2018

Climate change mitigation in Canada's forest sector: a spatially explicit case study for two regions.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 6;13(1):11. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, 506 Burnside Road West, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: We determine the potential of forests and the forest sector to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by changes in management practices and wood use for two regions within Canada's managed forest from 2018 to 2050. Our modeling frameworks include the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector, a framework for harvested wood products that estimates emissions based on product half-life decay times, and an account of marginal emission substitution benefits from the changes in use of wood products and bioenergy. Using a spatially explicit forest inventory with 16 ha pixels, we examine mitigation scenarios relating to forest management and wood use: increased harvesting efficiency; residue management for bioenergy; reduced harvest; reduced slashburning, and more longer-lived wood products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0099-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6125263PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

A systems approach to assess climate change mitigation options in landscapes of the United States forest sector.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 4;13(1):13. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, 506 Burnside Road West, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: United States forests can contribute to national strategies for greenhouse gas reductions. The objective of this work was to evaluate forest sector climate change mitigation scenarios from 2018 to 2050 by applying a systems-based approach that accounts for net emissions across four interdependent components: (1) forest ecosystem, (2) land-use change, (3) harvested wood products, and (4) substitution benefits from using wood products and bioenergy. We assessed a range of land management and harvested wood product scenarios for two case studies in the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0100-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123328PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Contribution of forest wood products to negative emissions: historical comparative analysis from 1960 to 2015 in Norway, Sweden and Finland.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Sep 4;13(1):12. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Industrial Ecology Programme, Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Forests and forest products can significantly contribute to climate change mitigation by stabilizing and even potentially decreasing the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO) in the atmosphere. Harvested wood products (HWP) represent a common widespread and cost-efficient opportunity for negative emissions. After harvest, a significant fraction of the wood remains stored in HWPs for a period that can vary from some months to many decades, whereas atmospheric carbon (C) is immediately sequestered by vegetation re-growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0101-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123331PMC
September 2018

Estimating urban above ground biomass with multi-scale LiDAR.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Jun 26;13(1):10. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Geography, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.

Background: Urban trees have long been valued for providing ecosystem services (mitigation of the "heat island" effect, suppression of air pollution, etc.); more recently the potential of urban forests to store significant above ground biomass (AGB) has also be recognised. However, urban areas pose particular challenges when assessing AGB due to plasticity of tree form, high species diversity as well as heterogeneous and complex land cover. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0098-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020103PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Delineating managed land for reporting national greenhouse gas emissions and removals to the United Nations framework convention on climate change.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 May 29;13(1). Epub 2018 May 29.

National Institute for Space Research, Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (INPE/MCTIC), São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Land use and management activities have a substantial impact on carbon stocks and associated greenhouse gas emissions and removals. However, it is challenging to discriminate between anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic sources and sinks from land. To address this problem, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change developed a managed land proxy to determine which lands are contributing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and removals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0095-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974992PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Science-based approach for credible accounting of mitigation in managed forests.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 May 17;13(1). Epub 2018 May 17.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: The credibility and effectiveness of country climate targets under the Paris Agreement requires that, in all greenhouse gas (GHG) sectors, the accounted mitigation outcomes reflect genuine deviations from the type and magnitude of activities generating emissions in the base year or baseline. This is challenging for the forestry sector, as the future net emissions can change irrespective of actual management activities, because of age-related stand dynamics resulting from past management and natural disturbances. The solution implemented under the Kyoto Protocol (2013-2020) was accounting mitigation as deviation from a projected (forward-looking) "forest reference level", which considered the age-related dynamics but also allowed including the assumed future implementation of approved policies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0096-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5957018PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Landsat phenological metrics and their relation to aboveground carbon in the Brazilian Savanna.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 May 15;13(1). Epub 2018 May 15.

Geography Department, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The quantification and spatially explicit mapping of carbon stocks in terrestrial ecosystems is important to better understand the global carbon cycle and to monitor and report change processes, especially in the context of international policy mechanisms such as REDD+ or the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Especially in heterogeneous ecosystems, such as Savannas, accurate carbon quantifications are still lacking, where highly variable vegetation densities occur and a strong seasonality hinders consistent data acquisition. In order to account for these challenges we analyzed the potential of land surface phenological metrics derived from gap-filled 8-day Landsat time series for carbon mapping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0097-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5953907PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Potential carbon loss associated with post-settlement wetland conversion in southern Ontario, Canada.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Apr 20;13(1). Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Institute for Wetland and Waterfowl Research, Ducks Unlimited Canada, PO Box 1160, Stonewall, MB, R0C 2Z0, Canada.

Background: Natural wetlands can mitigate ongoing increases in atmospheric carbon by storing any net balance of organic carbon (peat) between plant production (carbon uptake) and microbial decomposition (carbon release). Efforts are ongoing to quantify peat carbon stored in global wetlands, with considerable focus given to boreal/subarctic peatlands and tropical peat swamps. Many wetlands in temperate latitudes have been transformed to anthropogenic landscapes, making it difficult to investigate their natural/historic carbon balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0094-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5910441PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Estimation of forest aboveground biomass and uncertainties by integration of field measurements, airborne LiDAR, and SAR and optical satellite data in Mexico.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Feb 21;13(1). Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Department of Earth Observation, Institute of Geography, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, 07743, Jena, Germany.

Background: Information on the spatial distribution of aboveground biomass (AGB) over large areas is needed for understanding and managing processes involved in the carbon cycle and supporting international policies for climate change mitigation and adaption. Furthermore, these products provide important baseline data for the development of sustainable management strategies to local stakeholders. The use of remote sensing data can provide spatially explicit information of AGB from local to global scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0093-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5821638PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Assessment of soil organic carbon fractions and carbon management index under different land use types in Olesharo Catchment, Narok County, Kenya.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Feb 12;13(1). Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Department of Land Resource Management and Agricultural Technology, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 29053, Nairobi, 00625, Kenya.

Background: The changes in land use and land cover have a strong effect on the total soil organic carbon, its fractions and its overall soil health. This study carried out in Olesharo Catchment, Kenya, was to quantify the differences in total organic carbon (TOC), particulate organic carbon (POC), mineral organic carbon (MOC) and carbon management index (CMI) among four land use types: grasslands, shrublands, agricultural lands and barelands. It was also purported to evaluate the use of CMI as an indicator for soil degradation or improvement in response to land use and land cover changes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0091-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5809624PMC
February 2018
3 Reads

Recycling of phenolic compounds in Borneo's tropical peat swamp forests.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Feb 7;13(1). Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Tropical Medicine and Biology Multidisciplinary Platform, School of Science, Monash University, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, 47500, Bandar Sunway, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Tropical peat swamp forests (TPSF) are globally significant carbon stores, sequestering carbon mainly as phenolic polymers and phenolic compounds (particularly as lignin and its derivatives) in peat layers, in plants, and in the acidic blackwaters. Previous studies show that TPSF plants have particularly high levels of phenolic compounds which inhibit the decomposition of organic matter and thus promote peat accumulation. The studies of phenolic compounds are thus crucial to further understand how TPSF function with respect to carbon sequestration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-018-0092-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5803172PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Accounting of GHG emissions and removals from forest management: a long road from Kyoto to Paris.

Authors:
Joachim H A Krug

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Jan 3;13(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Silviculture and Forest Ecology of the Temperate Zones, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Büsgenweg 1, 37077, Göttingen, Germany.

Background: Forests have always played an important role in agreeing on accounting rules during the past two decades of international climate policy development. Starting from activity-based gross-net accounting of selected forestry activities to mandatory accounting against a baseline-rules have changed quite rapidly and with significant consequences for accounted credits and debits. Such changes have direct consequences on incentives for climate-investments in forestry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0089-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5768587PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Ecosystem carbon emissions from 2015 forest fires in interior Alaska.

Carbon Balance Manag 2018 Jan 8;13(1). Epub 2018 Jan 8.

NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Mountain View, CA, USA.

Background: In the summer of 2015, hundreds of wildfires burned across the state of Alaska, and consumed more than 1.6 million ha of boreal forest and wetlands in the Yukon-Koyukuk region. Mapping of 113 large wildfires using Landsat satellite images from before and after 2015 indicated that nearly 60% of this area was burned at moderate-to-high severity levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0090-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5768572PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Correction to: Quantifying and understanding carbon storage and sequestration within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania, a tropical biodiversity hotspot.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 7;12(1):20. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

Upon publication of the original article [1], the authors noticed that the figure labelling for Fig. 4 in the online version was processed wrong. The top left panel should be panel a, with the panels to its right being b and c. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0088-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5721094PMC
December 2017
14 Reads

Synergizing community-based forest monitoring with remote sensing: a path to an effective REDD+ MRV system.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 1;12(1):19. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

REDD Implementation Center, Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: The reliable monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of carbon emissions and removals from the forest sector is an important part of the efforts on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). Forest-dependent local communities are engaged to contribute to MRV through community-based monitoring systems. The efficiency of such monitoring systems could be improved through the rational integration of the studies at permanent plots with the geospatial technologies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0087-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5711765PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Implications of allometric model selection for county-level biomass mapping.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Oct 18;12(1):18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.

Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, USA.

Background: Carbon accounting in forests remains a large area of uncertainty in the global carbon cycle. Forest aboveground biomass is therefore an attribute of great interest for the forest management community, but the accuracy of aboveground biomass maps depends on the accuracy of the underlying field estimates used to calibrate models. These field estimates depend on the application of allometric models, which often have unknown and unreported uncertainties outside of the size class or environment in which they were developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0086-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5647317PMC
October 2017
6 Reads

High resolution remote sensing for reducing uncertainties in urban forest carbon offset life cycle assessments.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Oct 4;12(1):17. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Geoinformation Science Lab, Department of Geography, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, 10099, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Urban forests reduce greenhouse gas emissions by storing and sequestering considerable amounts of carbon. However, few studies have considered the local scale of urban forests to effectively evaluate their potential long-term carbon offset. The lack of precise, consistent and up-to-date forest details is challenging for long-term prognoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0085-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5628095PMC
October 2017
5 Reads

Revised methane emissions factors and spatially distributed annual carbon fluxes for global livestock.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Sep 29;12(1):16. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

Joint Global Change Research Institute, 5825 University Research Court, Suite 3500, College Park, MD, 20740, USA.

Background: Livestock play an important role in carbon cycling through consumption of biomass and emissions of methane. Recent research suggests that existing bottom-up inventories of livestock methane emissions in the US, such as those made using 2006 IPCC Tier 1 livestock emissions factors, are too low. This may be due to outdated information used to develop these emissions factors. Read More

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https://cbmjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13021
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0084-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5620025PMC
September 2017
31 Reads

Historical effects of dissolved organic carbon export and land management decisions on the watershed-scale forest carbon budget of a coastal British Columbia Douglas-fir-dominated landscape.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 14;12(1):15. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, 506 West Burnside Road, Victoria, BC, V8Z 1M5, Canada.

Background: To address how natural disturbance, forest harvest, and deforestation from reservoir creation affect landscape-level carbon (C) budgets, a retrospective C budget for the 8500 ha Sooke Lake Watershed (SLW) from 1911 to 2012 was developed using historical spatial inventory and disturbance data. To simulate forest C dynamics, data was input into a spatially-explicit version of the Carbon Budget Model-Canadian Forest Sector (CBM-CFS3). Transfers of terrestrial C to inland aquatic environments need to be considered to better capture the watershed scale C balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0083-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5509570PMC
December 2017
12 Reads

Combined effect of pulse density and grid cell size on predicting and mapping aboveground carbon in fast-growing Eucalyptus forest plantation using airborne LiDAR data.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 7;12(1):13. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Tecnosylva, Parque Tecnológico de León, 24009, León, Spain.

Background: LiDAR remote sensing is a rapidly evolving technology for quantifying a variety of forest attributes, including aboveground carbon (AGC). Pulse density influences the acquisition cost of LiDAR, and grid cell size influences AGC prediction using plot-based methods; however, little work has evaluated the effects of LiDAR pulse density and cell size for predicting and mapping AGC in fast-growing Eucalyptus forest plantations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of LiDAR pulse density and grid cell size on AGC prediction accuracy at plot and stand-levels using airborne LiDAR and field data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0081-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5462670PMC
December 2017
11 Reads

An appraisal of Indonesia's immense peat carbon stock using national peatland maps: uncertainties and potential losses from conversion.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 19;12(1):12. Epub 2017 May 19.

USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, 1831 Hwy 169 East, Grand Rapids, MN, 55744, USA.

Background: A large proportion of the world's tropical peatlands occur in Indonesia where rapid conversion and associated losses of carbon, biodiversity and ecosystem services have brought peatland management to the forefront of Indonesia's climate mitigation efforts. We evaluated peat volume from two commonly referenced maps of peat distribution and depth published by Wetlands International (WI) and the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), and used regionally specific values of carbon density to calculate carbon stocks.

Results: Peatland extent and volume published in the MoA maps are lower than those in the WI maps, resulting in lower estimates of carbon storage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0080-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5438333PMC
December 2017
17 Reads

Future productivity and phenology changes in European grasslands for different warming levels: implications for grassland management and carbon balance.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 4;12(1):11. Epub 2017 May 4.

Sorbonne Universités (UPMC), CNRS-IRD-MNHN, LOCEAN/IPSL, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005, Paris, France.

Background: Europe has warmed more than the global average (land and ocean) since pre-industrial times, and is also projected to continue to warm faster than the global average in the twenty-first century. According to the climate models ensemble projections for various climate scenarios, annual mean temperature of Europe for 2071-2100 is predicted to be 1-5.5 °C higher than that for 1971-2000. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0079-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5418182PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

Relevance of carbon stocks of marine sediments for national greenhouse gas inventories of maritime nations.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 10;12(1):10. Epub 2017 May 10.

Geological Institute, ETH Zurich, Sonneggstr. 5, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Determining national carbon stocks is essential in the framework of ongoing climate change mitigation actions. Presently, assessment of carbon stocks in the context of greenhouse gas (GHG)-reporting on a nation-by-nation basis focuses on the terrestrial realm, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0077-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423874PMC
December 2017
17 Reads

Current remote sensing approaches to monitoring forest degradation in support of countries measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems for REDD.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 17;12(1). Epub 2017 Apr 17.

GOFC-GOLD Land Cover Office, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Forest degradation is a global phenomenon and while being an important indicator and precursor to further forest loss, carbon emissions due to degradation should also be accounted for in national reporting within the frame of UN REDD+. At regional to country scales, methods have been progressively developed to detect and map forest degradation, with these based on multi-resolution optical, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and/or LiDAR data. However, there is no one single method that can be applied to monitor forest degradation, largely due to the specific nature of the degradation type or process and the timeframe over which it is observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0078-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5393981PMC
December 2017
12 Reads

Combining airborne laser scanning and Landsat data for statistical modeling of soil carbon and tree biomass in Tanzanian Miombo woodlands.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 17;12(1). Epub 2017 Apr 17.

Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Soil carbon and biomass depletion can be used to identify and quantify degraded soils, and by using remote sensing, there is potential to map soil conditions over large areas. Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager satellite data and airborne laser scanning data were evaluated separately and in combination for modeling soil organic carbon, above ground tree biomass and below ground tree biomass. The test site is situated in the Liwale district in southeastern Tanzania and is dominated by Miombo woodlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0076-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5392451PMC
December 2017
12 Reads

Detecting peatland drains with Object Based Image Analysis and Geoeye-1 imagery.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 9;12(1). Epub 2017 Mar 9.

UCD School of Biosystems and Food Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Background: Peatlands play an important role in the global carbon cycle. They provide important ecosystem services including carbon sequestration and storage. Drainage disturbs peatland ecosystem services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0075-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5344874PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

Scenarios in tropical forest degradation: carbon stock trajectories for REDD.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 9;12(1). Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Department of Forest Resources Management, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: Human-caused disturbance to tropical rainforests-such as logging and fire-causes substantial losses of carbon stocks. This is a critical issue to be addressed in the context of policy discussions to implement REDD+. This work reviews current scientific knowledge about the temporal dynamics of degradation-induced carbon emissions to describe common patterns of emissions from logging and fire across tropical forest regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0074-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5344878PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

From berries to blocks: carbon stock quantification of a California vineyard.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 16;12(1). Epub 2017 Feb 16.

Environmental Systems, University of California, Merced, Merced, CA, USA.

Background: Quantifying terrestrial carbon (C) stocks in vineyards represents an important opportunity for estimating C sequestration in perennial cropping systems. Considering 7.2 M ha are dedicated to winegrape production globally, the potential for annual C capture and storage in this crop is of interest to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0071-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5313494PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Impact of data model and point density on aboveground forest biomass estimation from airborne LiDAR.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 15;12(1). Epub 2017 Feb 15.

Department of Geography, Centre for Landscape and Climate Research, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK.

Background: Accurate estimation of aboveground forest biomass (AGB) and its dynamics is of paramount importance in understanding the role of forest in the carbon cycle and the effective implementation of climate change mitigation policies. LiDAR is currently the most accurate technology for AGB estimation. LiDAR metrics can be derived from the 3D point cloud (echo-based) or from the canopy height model (CHM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0073-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5311013PMC
December 2017
7 Reads

Greenhouse gas emissions from tropical forest degradation: an underestimated source.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 14;12(1). Epub 2017 Feb 14.

Winrock International, 2121 Crystal Drive, Suite 500, Arlington, VA, 22101, USA.

Background: The degradation of forests in developing countries, particularly those within tropical and subtropical latitudes, is perceived to be an important contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. However, the impacts of forest degradation are understudied and poorly understood, largely because international emission reduction programs have focused on deforestation, which is easier to detect and thus more readily monitored. To better understand and seize opportunities for addressing climate change it will be essential to improve knowledge of greenhouse gas emissions from forest degradation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0072-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5309188PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

A carbon balance model for the great dismal swamp ecosystem.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 25;12(1). Epub 2017 Jan 25.

Eastern Geographic Science Center, United States Geological Survey, Reston, VA, 20192, USA.

Background: Carbon storage potential has become an important consideration for land management and planning in the United States. The ability to assess ecosystem carbon balance can help land managers understand the benefits and tradeoffs between different management strategies. This paper demonstrates an application of the Land Use and Carbon Scenario Simulator (LUCAS) model developed for local-scale land management at the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-017-0070-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5267585PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Carbon uptake by mature Amazon forests has mitigated Amazon nations' carbon emissions.

Carbon Balance Manag 2017 Dec 15;12(1). Epub 2017 Feb 15.

School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

Background: Several independent lines of evidence suggest that Amazon forests have provided a significant carbon sink service, and also that the Amazon carbon sink in intact, mature forests may now be threatened as a result of different processes. There has however been no work done to quantify non-land-use-change forest carbon fluxes on a national basis within Amazonia, or to place these national fluxes and their possible changes in the context of the major anthropogenic carbon fluxes in the region. Here we present a first attempt to interpret results from ground-based monitoring of mature forest carbon fluxes in a biogeographically, politically, and temporally differentiated way. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-016-0069-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5285296PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Erratum to: Allometric models and aboveground biomass stocks of a West African Sudan Savannah watershed in Benin.

Carbon Balance Manag 2016 Dec 29;11:22. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

Department of Agricultural Engineering, The College of Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana ; West African Science Service Centre on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL), Accra, Ghana.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13021-016-0058-5.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-016-0064-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5042975PMC
December 2016
12 Reads

Assessing the INDCs' land use, land use change, and forest emission projections.

Carbon Balance Manag 2016 Dec 8;11(1):26. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz 1, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria.

Background: In preparation for the 2015 international climate negotiations in Paris, Parties submitted Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) expressing each countries' respective post-2020 climate actions. In this paper we assess individual Parties' expected reduction of emissions/removals from land use, land use change, and forest (LULUCF) sector for reaching their INDC target, and the aggregate global effect on the INDCs on the future development of emission and removals from the LULUCF sector. This has been done through analysis Parties' official information concerning the role of LULUCF mitigation efforts for reaching INDC targets as presented in National Communications, Biennial Update Reports, and Additional file 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-016-0068-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5145905PMC
December 2016
6 Reads

Savanna burning methodology for fire management and emissions reduction: a critical review of influencing factors.

Carbon Balance Manag 2016 Dec 16;11(1):25. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Institute for Agriculture and the Environment, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350 Australia.

Savanna fire is a major source of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In Australia, savanna fire contributes about 3% of annual GHG emissions reportable to the Kyoto Protocol. In order to reduce GHG emissions from savanna burning, the Australian government has developed and approved a Kyoto compliant savanna controlled burning methodology-the first legal instrument of this kind at a global level-under its Emission Reduction Fund. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-016-0067-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5112293PMC
December 2016
9 Reads

Attribution of net carbon change by disturbance type across forest lands of the conterminous United States.

Carbon Balance Manag 2016 Dec 14;11(1):24. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 USA.

Background: Locating terrestrial sources and sinks of carbon (C) will be critical to developing strategies that contribute to the climate change mitigation goals of the Paris Agreement. Here we present spatially resolved estimates of net C change across United States (US) forest lands between 2006 and 2010 and attribute them to natural and anthropogenic processes.

Results: Forests in the conterminous US sequestered -460 ± 48 Tg C year, while C losses from disturbance averaged 191 ± 10 Tg C year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13021-016-0066-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5108824PMC
December 2016
10 Reads