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    11411 results match your criteria Cancers of the Oral Mucosa

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    [Progress of the application of optical coherence tomography in gastrointestinal tumor surgery].
    Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Jun;20(6):716-720
    Department of General Surgery Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.
    Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a real-time, cross-sectional optical imaging technology. It is analogous to ultrasonography, except that OCT uses light waves instead of sound waves, and can provide three-dimensional morphological images of living tissues with a micrometer resolution. Through the use of endoscopes, needles, catheters and laparoscopes, OCT has demonstrated tremendous imaging potential in tumor surgery. Read More

    A review of 640 Oral squamous cell carcinoma cases in Nigeria.
    J Clin Exp Dent 2017 Jun 1;9(6):e767-e771. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    FMCDS. Senior Lecturer/Consultant, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology & Biology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria.
    Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent malignant neoplasm in the oral cavity and accounts for 70% to 90% of all oral malignant neoplasms. The aim of this study was to examine the demographic distribution of OSCC in five Tertiary Health centres in Nigeria.

    Material And Methods: All cases diagnosed as OSCC during the period from 1970 -2014 were retrieved from the records of five teaching hospitals in Nigeria. Read More

    Soft tissue enhancement and implant placement following partial mandibulectomy due to squamous cell carcinoma.
    J Oral Implantol 2017 Jun 19. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    7 University of Bologna, Italy.
    Many dental procedures allow for implant placement in partially or totally edentulous patients. Despite the availability of various implant and abutment types on the market, it often becomes quite challenging to achieve the biological and esthetic goals in a patient who has ridge deficiencies. Where problems will arise is from the lack of adequate bone quality and quantity. Read More

    Site-specific Oral Cancers are different Biological Entities.
    J Contemp Dent Pract 2017 Jun 1;18(6):421-422. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
    Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    One of the imperative features of the oral cavity is the presence of different areas, which are characterized by unique sets of tissue organization. These regions are divided into lining mucosa (buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, alveolar mucosa, mucosa lining the ventral surface of the tongue, floor of the mouth, and soft palate) and masticatory mucosa (hard palate, attached gingiva, and dorsal surface of the tongue).(1). Read More

    Concomitant-chemoradiotherapy-associated oral lesions in patients with oral squamous-cell carcinoma.
    Cancer Biol Med 2017 May;14(2):176-182
    Oral Pathology Department, Akhtar Saeed Medical and Dental College, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.
    Objective: : Oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for >90% of oral cancers affecting adults mostly between the fourth to seventh decades of life. The most common OSCC treatment is concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) having both loco-regional and distant control, but CCRT has acute and chronic toxic effects on adjacent normal tissue. This study aimed to determine the side effects of CCRT on the oral mucosa and to characterize the clinicopathology of oral lesions in patients with OSCC. Read More

    Qat use and esophageal cancer in Ethiopia: A pilot case-control study.
    PLoS One 2017 8;12(6):e0178911. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society (ACS), Atlanta, United States of America.
    Background: Qat (Catha edulis) chewing is reported to induce lesions in the buccal mucosa, irritation of the esophagus, and esophageal reflux. Case series suggest a possible etiological role in oral and esophageal cancers. This pilot study aimed to generate preliminary estimates of the magnitude and direction of the association between qat use and esophageal cancer (EC) risk and to inform the logistics required to conduct a multi-center case-control study. Read More

    Human Papilloma Virus-Associated Lips Verrucous Carcinoma in HIV-Infected Male.
    J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 2017 Jan 1:2325957417711255. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    3 Department of Dermatology, "Santa Maria della Misericordia" Hospital, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, widely known as the necessary cause of cervical cancer, has been established as a major etiologic factor for head and neck cancer (HNC). HIV-infected individuals are at higher risk of HPV-associated cancers than the general population. We describe a 45-year-old man with HIV and HPV coinfection, who presented progressively enlarging verrucous neoformations of the lips. Read More

    Hepatitis C Virus and Nonliver Solid Cancers: Is There an Association between HCV and Cancers of the Pancreas, Thyroid, Kidney, Oral Cavity, Breast, Lung, and Gastrointestinal Tract?
    Gastroenterol Res Pract 2017 3;2017:8349150. Epub 2017 May 3.
    New York Medical College and Westchester Medical Center, 100 Woods Road, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA.
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is known for its oncogenic potential and has been found to be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It has also been postulated that HCV may play a role in the development of other extrahepatic solid tumors of other organs of the body since it has been isolated from the vessel wall, kidney, and oral mucosa. In this article, we have reviewed epidemiological studies that have been done to look into the relationship of HCV with nonliver solid cancers of the pancreas, thyroid, renal, oral cavity, breast, and lung and nonpancreatic gastrointestinal cancers. Read More

    [Immunohistochemical criteria for differential diagnostics of squamous epithelium changes in pyogenic granuloma and squamous cell carcinoma of the oral mucosa].
    Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2017;96(2):33-35
    Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
    The paper presents an example of differential diagnostic studies for pyogenic granuloma and oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In the described case immunohistochemistry with antibodies to Ki-67 and Gli1 was used as conventional histological procedure proved to be inconvenient for adequate diagnostics. The immunohistochemical study established increased proliferative activity of epithelial cells specific both pyogenic granuloma and oral SCC, but intensive Gli1 protein expression in membranes and cytoplasm of epithelial cells with malignant transformation allowed differentiation of these neoplasms. Read More

    Mouth examination performance by children's parents and by adolescents in Fanconi anemia.
    Pediatr Blood Cancer 2017 May 13. Epub 2017 May 13.
    Department of Stomatology, Post Graduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Paraná School of Dentistry, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
    Background: Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic syndrome characterized by increased risk of developing malignant neoplasms, particularly oral squamous cell carcinoma. This study aims to ascertain the extent to which adolescents and guardians/parents of children with FA are aware of their oral cancer risks and assess their ability to perform mouth examination (ME).

    Procedure: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with FA (between 6 and 16 years) and their parents. Read More

    Genetic and epigenetic profiling of a solitary Peutz-Jeghers colon polyp.
    Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud 2017 May;3(3):a001610
    Division of Epigenetics, DKFZ-ZMBH Alliance, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Colon polyps represent precursor lesions of colon cancers and their malignant potential varies according to histological subtype. A rare subtype of colon polyps is the Peutz-Jeghers (PJ) polyp. PJ polyps mostly occur in the context of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, which is characterized by the development of multiple polyps in the intestinal tract and hyperpigmentation of oral mucosa and lips. Read More

    Hematopoietic neoplasms accompanied by severe enterocolitis due to Aeromonas species.
    Rinsho Ketsueki 2017 ;58(4):303-308
    Department of Hematology, Tokushima Prefectural Central Hospital.
    Aeromonas species are known to be a cause of diarrhea and acute enterocolitis. However, only a few cases have been reported and the pathophysiology of Aeromonas infection has not as yet been clarified. We experienced 2 cases developing severe enterocolitis during the course of hematological malignancies, specifically multiple myeloma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Read More

    Benign reactive lymphadenopathy associated with submandibular gland enlargement during orthodontic treatment.
    J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2017 Jan-Apr;21(1):181
    Department of Oral Pathology, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.
    Lymphadenopathy may be caused due to various reasons, most common being infections, neoplasms and immunologic disorders. Considering the frequent use of biomaterials in dentistry, it is not uncommon to find allergic reactions in the oral mucosa. Delayed-type hypersensitivity is one mechanism of allergy, which may manifest as either contact stomatitis or rarely present as only lymphadenopathy. Read More

    Evaluation of efficacy of 1% Crystal Violet & Nuclear Fast Red stain compared to Haematoxyline & Eosin stain for assessing mitotic figures in oral premalignant and malignant lesions.
    J Exp Ther Oncol 2016 Jul;11(3):165-170
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sri Aurobindo College of Dentistry Indore-Ujjain Highway, Bhawarasala, Indore (M.P.) 453555. India.
    Various chromosomal arrangements in cells undergoing division are referred to as Mitotic figure (MF). The abnormal excess of mitotic figures is commonly seen in oral epithelial dysplasia (ED) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In present study, we compared the number of mitotic figures in normal oral mucosa, epithelial dysplasia & OSCC sections with haematoxyline & eosine (H&E) and 1%Crystal Violet & Nuclear Fast Red (CV&NFR) stain, also the efficacy of the CV&NFR stain as compared to H & E stain. Read More

    Leptin acts on neoplastic behavior and expression levels of genes related to hypoxia, angiogenesis, and invasiveness in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
    Tumour Biol 2017 May;39(5):1010428317699130
    1 Department of Dentistry, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil.
    Leptin, one of the main hormones controlling energy homeostasis, has been associated with different cancer types. In oral cancer, its effect is not well understood. We investigated, through in vitro and in vivo assays, whether leptin can affect the neoplastic behavior of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

    Study of the TP53 codon 72 polymorphism in oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders in Argentine patients.
    Tumour Biol 2017 May;39(5):1010428317699113
    2 Departamento de Patología Bucal, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.
    The aim of this work was to evaluate the prevalence of TP53Arg72Pro mutations and their possible relationship with oral carcinoma and oral potentially malignant disorders in Argentine patients. A cross-sectional study was performed on 111 exfoliated cytologies from patients with oral cancer (OC), oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) and controls. The TP53Arg72Pro mutations were determined using conventional PCR. Read More

    [Oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus disease in adult patients, a clinical perspective].
    Rev Chilena Infectol 2016 Oct;33(Suppl 1):27-35
    Departamento de Cirugía y Traumatología Máxilo-facial, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile,
    Among the clinical manifestations which may occur in HIV/AIDS patients, oral lesions are relevant because there are easily accessible and usually the diagnosis is made through clinical features. Some oral manifestations are strongly related with HIV/AIDS patients indicating infection and progression to AIDS and also allow monitoring the success or failure of using antiretroviral therapy. The massive introduction of antiretroviral therapy has changed the morbidity and mortality, frequency, type of clinical manifestation and the timing of the classic opportunistic complications. Read More

    Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and tumor microenvironment: Implications for patients with oral precancerous lesions.
    Oral Oncol 2017 May 18;68:36-43. Epub 2017 Mar 18.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara 634-8521, Japan.
    Objectives: Cancer immunoediting represents a relatively novel concept attempting to explain the process of tumor escape from the host immune system response. Here, we attempted to elucidate the role of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1), the tumor microenvironment, and tumor escape mechanisms that allow malignant transformation of oral precancerous lesions.

    Materials And Methods: Patients with oral precancerous lesions managed at the Nara Medical University Hospital, Japan, (n=120) were enrolled in this study. Read More

    The role of mast cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
    Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2017 22;21(1):21-29. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    The mast cells are initial effective lineage in both humoral and adaptive immunity. They are ubiquitous in skin, mucosa, and in function. They contain biologically essential and dynamic mediators in healthy and harmful conditions of tissue. Read More

    Congenital amelanotic melanoma in a crossbred heifer calf.
    J Vet Diagn Invest 2017 Apr 1:1040638717706399. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    Departments of Veterinary Clinical Sciences (Winslow, Gilliam), Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.
    A large, pedunculated cutaneous mass protruding from the left flank fold and an enlarged left prefemoral lymph node were found on examination of a 3-d-old crossbred Aberdeen Angus heifer. The calf was asymptomatic aside from peripheral lymphadenopathy, and the mass, along with the left prefemoral lymph node, was surgically excised. Histologic examination of the mass and the lymph node revealed a homogeneous population of neoplastic cells that stained positively with immunohistochemical stains S100 and melan A, supporting a diagnosis of congenital amelanotic melanoma with nodal metastasis. Read More

    Oral pigmentations in physiologic conditions, post inflammatory affections and systemic diseases.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Dermatology, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy -
    Melanocytes are found throughout the oral mucosa but usually go unnoticed because of their relatively low level of pigment production. When focally or generally active in pigment production or proliferation they may be responsible for several affections in the oral mucosae ranging from physiologic pigmentation, systemic diseases to malignant neoplasms. The diagnosis of oral pigmentations (OP) is usually challenging for the physician, but a careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal the first manifestation of underlying systemic diseases. Read More

    [Pigmentations of the oral cavity].
    Presse Med 2017 Mar 12;46(3):303-319. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Institut universitaire du cancer, Toulouse Oncopole 1, oncodermatologie et consultation pluridisciplinaire de pathologies buccales, avenue Irène-Joliot-Curie, 31100 Toulouse, France.
    Buccal mucosa color is explained by hemoglobin in the vessels and melanin in the epithelium. Abnormal presence of melanin pigments (hypermelaninosis, hypermelanocytosis), hematic pigments (hemoglobin, hemosiderin, iron) but also some exogenous circonstancies explain pigmented lesions (figure 1). These lesions could be localized (single lesions), multifocal (multiple lesions) or diffused. Read More

    DRUG-INDUCED ORAL ULCERATIONS: CASE REPORT.
    Acta Clin Croat 2016 Jun;55(2):334-7
    A 70-year-old patient was admitted to the Department of Oral Medicine for multiple oral ulcerations on the left buccal mucosa, around 0.5 cm in diameter, as well as on the gingiva. Otherwise, the patient suffered from chronic lymphocytic leukemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, chronic renal insufficiency, with complete afunction of the right kidney, asthma, hypertension, gastritis and prostate hyperplasia. Read More

    Expression and associations of TRAF1, BMI-1, ALDH1, and Lin28B in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
    Tumour Biol 2017 Apr;39(4):1010428317695930
    1 The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
    Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1, an adaptor protein of tumor necrosis factor 2, is involved in classical nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation and lymphocyte recruitment. However, less is known about the expression and association of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1 with cancer stem cell markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma. This study aimed to investigate the expression of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1 and stem cell characteristic markers (lin28 homolog B, B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1, and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1) in oral squamous cell carcinoma and analyze their relations. Read More

    HPV disease transmission protection and control.
    Microb Cell 2016 Sep 5;3(9):476-490. Epub 2016 Sep 5.
    The Jake Gittlen Laboratories for Cancer Research, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA.
    Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) represent a large collection of viral types associated with significant clinical disease of cutaneous and mucosal epithelium. HPV-associated cancers are found in anogenital and oral mucosa, and at various cutaneous sites. Papillomaviruses are highly species and tissue restricted, and these viruses display both mucosotropic, cutaneotropic or dual tropism for epithelial tissues. Read More

    The biomedical aspects of oral mucosal epithelial cell culture in mammals.
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2017 Jan-Mar;31(1):81-85
    Department of Anatomy, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
    In recent years, there has been a growing interest in epithelial cell tissue culture, particularly oral mucosa and its application utilizing in vitro cell culture in medicine. This involves tests using animal models to better understand oral mucosa function, and the differences in its construction in various animal models. The use of buccal pouch mucosal cell culture provides insight into the processes of trans mucosal transport and regeneration of the oral epithelium. Read More

    Effect of Tempol on the prevention of irradiation-induced mucositis in miniature pigs.
    Oral Dis 2017 Mar 22. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Salivary Gland Disease Center and Beijing Key Laboratory of Tooth Regeneration and Function Reconstruction, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology, Beijing, China.
    Objective: The goals of this study were to (i) establish a useful miniature pig (minipig) model for irradiation-induced oral mucositis and (ii) evaluate the effect of Tempol to prevent its development.

    Methods And Materials: Minipigs were irradiated with 6 Gy for five consecutive days targeting the entire oral cavity. To prevent radiation damage, minipigs were treated with 30 mg kg(-1) Tempol 10 min before irradiation (n = 4), while the radiation-alone group was similarly injected with saline (n = 4). Read More

    Mucosal melanoma of the head and neck.
    Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2017 Apr 13;112:136-152. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    Department Melanoma, Soft Tissues, Musculoskeletal and Head & Neck, Italian National Cancer Institute - IRCCS Pascale Foundation, Naples, Italy.
    Mucosal melanoma of the head and neck is a very rare and aggressive malignancy with a very poor prognosis. The nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and oral cavity are the most common locations. One-, 3- and 5-year survival rates between 2000 and 2007 were 63%, 30% and 20%, respectively. Read More

    Giant oral lipoma: a rare entity.
    An Bras Dermatol 2016 Sep-Oct;91(5 suppl 1):84-86
    Bauru Dental School - University of São Paulo (USP) - Bauru (SP), Brazil.
    Lipomas are very common benign slow-growing soft tissue neoplasms composed of mature adipose tissue mostly diagnosed in the fifth decade of life. These tumors rarely present in the oral cavity, representing less than approximately 5% of all benign mouth tumors. They are usually less than 2cm in size and etiology remains unclear. Read More

    Crossed pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for recurrent oral cavity cancers.
    Ann Maxillofac Surg 2016 Jul-Dec;6(2):219-222
    Department of Surgical Oncology, Sri Aurobindo Medical College and Post Graduate Institute, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.
    Background: Oral cavity cancers are fairly common and have propensity to recur locally. Since Pectoralis Major Myocutaneous (PMMC) flap is the most widely used first flap for reconstruction, it is exhausted at the earliest and recurrence poses a formidable challenge for reconstructive surgeon. Present study evaluated the feasibility of contralateral Pectoralis Major Myocutaneous Flap for reconstruction after resection of recurrent tumour. Read More

    Oral and Maxillofacial Lesions Diagnosed in Older People of a Brazilian Population: A Multicentric Study.
    J Am Geriatr Soc 2017 Mar 13. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Postgraduate Program in Oral Pathology, UFRN, Natal, Brazil.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial lesions among older adults (≥60 years) from representative regions in Brazil.

    Design: Retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study.

    Setting: Biopsy records were obtained from the archives of four Brazilian referral centers of oral diagnosis between 2000 and 2016. Read More

    Role of MRI in Evaluation of Malignant Lesions of Tongue and Oral Cavity.
    Pol J Radiol 2017 16;82:92-99. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sri Guru Ramdas Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Amritsar, Punjab, India.
    Background: Aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of MRI in staging of malignant lesions of the oral cavity and to correlate MRI findings with clinical/surgical and anatomical-pathological findings, wherever possible.

    Material/methods: The study included 50 patients who presented with malignant lesions of the oral cavity and were referred to radiology departments for MRI. All patients included were subjected to a detailed physical examination following which MRI was carried out on Philips Gyroscan Achieva 1. Read More

    The Possible Role of Diabetes in the Etiology of Laryngeal Cancer.
    Gulf J Oncolog 2017 Jan;1(23):44-51
    IRSS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milan, Italy.
    Background: Laryngeal cancer and oral cancer are not always correlated with genetic mutations, HPV infection, smoking, and alcohol abuse. In the absence of these risk factors, there is an increase on these cancers with a parallel increase of diabetes. The aim of this study is to verify if diabetes could be a risk factor for the laryngeal cancer. Read More

    Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx in young adults.
    Indian J Cancer 2016 Jul-Sep;53(3):399-401
    Department of Radiation Oncology, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a disease of older age group predominately in the sixth and eighth decades of life. The incidence of oral SCC (young age <40 years) varies between 0.4% and 3. Read More

    Skin involvement and ipsilateral nodal metastasis as a predictor of contralateral nodal metastasis in buccal mucosa cancers.
    Indian J Cancer 2016 Jul-Sep;53(3):394-396
    Department of Head and Neck Services, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Context: In view of low incidence of contralateral nodal metastasis and increase in the morbidity, the opposite neck is not routinely addressed. However, contralateral nodal metastasis is seen frequently in a certain group of patients. Identifying those factors associated with higher chances of contralateral nodal metastasis may help in optimizing the treatment. Read More

    [Oral cancer: Risk factors and management].
    Presse Med 2017 Mar 21;46(3):320-330. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    CHU de Tours, hôpital Trousseau, université François-Rabelais de Tours, service de chirurgie maxillo-faciale et plastique de la face, avenue de la République, 37170 Chambray-lès-Tours, France.
    Oral cavity is the most frequent anatomical subsite of upper aero-digestive tract malignancies. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histological type and totalizes more than 95% of oral cancer. Main risk factors are tobacco and alcohol exposure and also potentially malignant lesions. Read More

    Pre-cancer risk assessment in habitual smokers from DIC images of oral exfoliative cells using active contour and SVM analysis.
    Tissue Cell 2017 Apr 9;49(2 Pt B):296-306. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    Department of Information Technology, IIEST, Shibpur, India.
    Habitual smokers are known to be at higher risk for developing oral cancer, which is increasing at an alarming rate globally. Conventionally, oral cancer is associated with high mortality rates, although recent reports show the improved survival outcomes by early diagnosis of disease. An effective prediction system which will enable to identify the probability of cancer development amongst the habitual smokers, is thus expected to benefit sizable number of populations. Read More

    Oral Cancer Early Detection: What Do Patients Need To Know?
    J Cancer Educ 2017 Feb 20. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    University College London, London, UK.
    The purpose of the present study was to examine the educational needs of patients regarding early detection of oral cancer. A total of 790 patients without cancer were interviewed and shown a set of validated clinical images of various oral lesions including early oral cancer. Participants were asked about their perception of cancer and the action that they would take if they notice a similar lesion. Read More

    Suppression of colorectal tumorigenesis by recombinant Bacteroides fragilis enterotoxin-2 in vivo.
    World J Gastroenterol 2017 Jan;23(4):603-613
    You Lv, Tao Ye, Hui-Peng Wang, Jia-Ying Zhao, Wen-Jie Chen, Xin Wang, Chen-Xia Shen, Yi-Bin Wu, Yuan-Kun Cai, Department of General Surgery, The 5 People's Hospital of Shanghai, Fudan University, Shanghai 200240, China.
    Aim: To evaluate the impact of recombinant Bacteroides fragilis enterotoxin-2 (BFT-2, or Fragilysin) on colorectal tumorigenesis in mice induced by azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium (AOM/DSS).

    Methods: Recombinant proBFT-2 was expressed in Escherichia coli strain Rosetta (DE3) and BFT-2 was obtained and tested for its biological activity via colorectal adenocarcinoma cell strains SW-480. Seventy C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into a blank (BC; n = 10), model (AD; n = 20), model + low-dose toxin (ADLT; n = 20, 10 μg), and a model + high-dose toxin (ADHT; n = 20, 20 μg) group. Read More

    Differential diagnosis of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma from non-neoplastic oral mucosal lesions: New cytopathologic evaluation method dependent on keratinization-related parameters but not nuclear atypism.
    Diagn Cytopathol 2017 May 16;45(5):406-417. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Department of Oral Pathology, Osaka Dental University, Hirakata, Japan.
    Background: The cytology of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is challenging because oral SCC cells tend to be well differentiated and lack nuclear atypia, often resulting in a false negative diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to establish practical cytological parameters specific to oral SCCs.

    Methods: We reviewed 123 cases of malignancy and 53 of non-neoplastic lesions of the oral mucosa, which had been diagnosed using both cytology and histopathology specimens. Read More

    High prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oral mucosal lesions of patients at the Ambulatory of Oral Diagnosis of the Federal University of Sergipe, Northeastern Brazil.
    J Appl Oral Sci 2017 Jan-Feb;25(1):69-74
    Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Laboratório de Entomologia e Parasitologia Tropical, Departamento de Morfologia, São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of HPV infection and its genotypes in patients with oral lesions at the Ambulatory of Oral Diagnosis of the Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil.

    Material And Methods: We conducted a molecular study with 21 patients (15 females) aged from two to 83 years with clinically detectable oral lesions. Samples were collected through exfoliation of lesions and HPV-DNA was identified using MY09/11 and GP5+/6+ primers. Read More

    Cannabidiol: an alternative therapeutic agent for oral mucositis?
    J Clin Pharm Ther 2017 Jun 12;42(3):245-250. Epub 2017 Feb 12.
    Division of Oral Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    What Is Known And Objective: Chemo- and radiotherapy are therapeutic modalities often used in patients with malignant neoplasms. They kill tumour cells but act on healthy tissues as well, resulting in adverse effects. Oral mucositis is especially of concern, due to the morbidity that it causes. Read More

    [Cancer and mycoses and literature review].
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2017 Feb 11;110(1):80-84. Epub 2017 Feb 11.
    Service de parasitologie-mycologie, Hôpital Saint Antoine, 184 rue du Faubourg Saint Antoine, 75012, Paris, France.
    Various infectious agents are classical risk factors for cancer including bacteria, viruses and parasites. There is less evidence concerning the implication of fungal infection in carcinogenesis. The role of chronic Candida infection in the development of squamous cell carcinoma has been suspected for years. Read More

    Thioredoxin and metallothionein: Homeostasis-related proteins in lip carcinogenesis.
    Arch Oral Biol 2017 May 1;77:75-81. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, School of Dentistry, Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, Pampulha, CEP 31.270-901, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    Objective: Thioredoxin (Trx) and metallothionein (MT) are involved in the development of some carcinomas; however, the role of these proteins in labial carcinogenesis has not yet been tested. The aims of the study were to evaluate and to correlate the immunoexpression of Trx and MT in actinic cheilitis, lip squamous cell carcinoma, and normal vermillion lip mucosa.

    Design: Immunohistochemistry was undertaken for Trx and MT in samples of actinic cheilitis, lip squamous cell carcinoma, and normal lip mucosa. Read More

    Dose responsive efficacy of umbelliferone on lipid peroxidation, anti-oxidant, and xenobiotic metabolism in DMBA-induced oral carcinogenesis.
    Biomed Pharmacother 2017 Apr 4;88:852-862. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:
    This study evaluated the chemopreventive potential of umbelliferone (UMB) on 7,12- dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. The mechanistic pathway for chemopreventive potential of UMB was evaluated by measuring the status of tumour incidence, tumour volume, and tumour burden as well as by analyzing the status of phase I, phase II detoxification agents, lipid peroxidation, antioxidants, histopathological changes and also expression patterns of cell proliferation (PCNA, Cyclin D1) and apoptotic (p53) markers using immunohistochemistry in DMBA induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. Oral squamous cell carcinoma was created by painting of 0. Read More

    Osteolipoma of the buccal mucosa: a case report.
    Aust Dent J 2017 Feb 6. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    Bowen Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Lipomas are benign mesenchymal neoplasms of soft tissue that can be found commonly in any part of the human body. Their presence in the oral mucosa is uncommon, however, with approximately 4% of the cases occurring in the oral cavity. Oral lipomas are likely to have originated from mature adipose tissue and there are several histological variants of lipomas described, which are identified according to the predominant type of tissue in addition to adipose tissue. Read More

    Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lip-A Review of Squamous Cell Carcinogenesis of the Mucosal and Cutaneous Junction.
    Dermatol Surg 2017 Apr;43(4):494-506
    *Department of Dermatology, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, Massachusetts; †Department of Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia; ‡Department of Dermatology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
    Background: The lip is an anatomic junction for 2 disparate groups of cancer. Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is a common malignancy with a favorable prognosis, whereas oral-mucosal squamous cell carcinoma (omSCC) is associated with significantly higher rates of nodal disease and worse outcomes. The squamous cell carcinoma of the lip (lip SCC) is more aggressive than cSCC but less aggressive than omSCC. Read More

    Autoimmune Disease Manifestations in the Oral Cavity.
    Surg Pathol Clin 2017 Mar 28;10(1):57-88. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic Sciences, University of Florida, 1395 Center Drive, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.
    Immune-related disorders of the oral cavity may occur as primary disease process, secondary to systemic disease or neoplasm, or as a reaction to medications and other agents. The entities represented within this group may vary significantly by severity, clinical presentation, microscopic presentation, and special testing results. The selected immune-related conditions of the oral cavity in this article are categorized and presented by their prototypical tissue reaction patterns: vesiculobullous, including acantholytic and subepithelial separation; psoriasiform; spongiotic; and lichenoid reaction patterns. Read More

    Mutational Status of NRAS and BRAF Genes and Protein Expression Analysis in a Series of Primary Oral Mucosal Melanoma.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2017 Feb;39(2):104-110
    *Department of General Pathology, Dental School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; †Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; ‡Department of Pathology, A.C. Camargo Cancer Center, São Paulo, Brazil; and §Department of Pathology, Obrero Hospital, La Paz, Bolivia.
    Primary oral mucosal melanoma is an extremely rare and aggressive tumor arising from melanocytes located in the mucosal epithelium of the oral cavity. Although malignant melanoma of oral mucosa shares some clinical features with its cutaneous counterpart, it has been associated with a worst prognosis; its etiopathogenesis are still only partially unraveled as there is no influence of UV radiation. It is known that the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway mediates cellular responses to growth signals and its activation is an important phenomenon in melanoma. Read More

    [Multiple myeloma with oral amyloidosis: report of a case and literature review].
    Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue 2016 Oct;25(5):638-640
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. Qingdao 266000, Shandong Province,China.
    Multiple myeloma is the most common type of multifocal plasma cell proliferation in the bone marrow, whereas cases with multiple amyloidosis of oral cavity are rarely documented. Clinically, the disease is easily miss- diagnosed and mistreated due to lack of specificity. This article reported a rare case with multiple myeloma and amyloidosis of tongue, gingiva, buccal mucosa, followed by a review of relevant literature. Read More

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