24 results match your criteria Canadian public policy. Analyse de politiques[Journal]

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Failures in children's protection in Newfoundland and Labrador: from the Hughes (1991) to Markesteyn and Day (2006) inquiries and beyond.

Can Public Policy 2012 ;38(1):55-70

The death in 2003 of Zachary Turner, a child in receipt of children’s protection services in Foxtrap, Newfoundland, sparked an independent inquiry into his death. Subsequently, other reviews were completed of children’s protection services. These were not the first reviews or inquiries of this kind in Newfoundland and Labrador. Read More

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October 2012
3 Reads

What do women know about government services and benefits?

Can Public Policy 2012 ;38(1):31-54

This article examines how much women know about government services and benefits and discusses why this type of knowledge matters. Using data from a survey as well as focus groups conducted in Montreal and Toronto, we show that the women who are most likely to need information about these programs are often the least likely to be aware of them. This is especially true of low-income women, older women, and women who came to Canada as immigrants. Read More

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October 2012
4 Reads

The impact of retirement on health in Canada.

Authors:
Ehsan Latif

Can Public Policy 2012 ;38(1):15-29

This study estimates the impact of retirement on subsequent health outcomes as measured by self-reported health status. The empirical study is based on seven longitudinal waves of the Canadian National Population Health Survey, spanning 1994 through 2006. To account for biases due to unobserved individual-specific heterogeneity, this study uses a fixed-effects method. Read More

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October 2012
3 Reads

Families, time, and well-being in Canada.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(3):395-423

We study changes in time and money available to families with children from 1971 to 2006. Increases in incomes at the top of the Canadian income distribution since the mid-1990s have taken place without any significant increases in total family hours of paid work. On the other hand, for families in the middle of the income distribution, family income has stagnated, despite the fact that parents jointly supply significantly higher hours of paid work. Read More

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October 2012
2 Reads

Attributing selected costs to intimate partner violence in a sample of women who have left abusive partners: a social determinants of health approach.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(3):359-80

Selected costs associated with intimate partner violence were estimated for a community sample of 309 Canadian women who left abusive male partners on average 20 months previously. Total annual estimated costs of selected public- and private-sector expenditures attributable to violence were $13,162.39 per woman. Read More

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October 2012
3 Reads

Estimating the effects of cigarette taxes on birth outcomes.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(2):257-76

Employing provincial data from 1979 to 2004 allows us to exploit the significant (45 percent to 60 percent) reduction in excise taxes in Eastern Canada enacted in February 1994 to estimate the impacts of cigarette taxes on birth outcomes. Empirical estimates suggest that an increase in cigarette taxes is significantly associated with lower infant mortalities. However, we also find some evidence of a counter-intuitive positive correlation between taxes and fetal deaths. Read More

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October 2012

Governance and sustainability at a municipal scale: the challenge of water conservation.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(2):219-37

Municipal water conservation is increasingly promoted as a key dimension of environmental sustainability at the municipal scale. Progress toward municipal water conservation in Canada has, however, been poor. This paper examines the governance dimension of water conservation, and presents evidence in support of the argument that conservation efforts on the part of water utilities (and sometimes municipalities) are often constrained by factors external to their jurisdiction. Read More

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October 2012
3 Reads

The redistributional impact of Canada's Employment Insurance Program, 1992–2002.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(2):201-18

For a decade or so starting in the early 1990s, Canada’s major income support programs underwent substantial reform. Meanwhile, the economy first lingered in a deep recession and then recovered with a period of strong growth. This paper focuses on how the distributional impact of Employment Insurance (EI) evolved during this period. Read More

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October 2012

Age of pension eligibility, gains in life expectancy, and social policy.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(2):183-99

Canadians are living longer and retiring younger. When combined with the aging of the baby-boom generation, that means that the “inactive” portion of the population is increasing and there are concerns about possibly large increases in the burden of support on those who are younger. We model the impact of continued future gains in life expectancy on the size of the population that receives public pension benefits. Read More

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October 2012
2 Reads

Comparative efficiency assessment of primary care service delivery models using data envelopment analysis.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(1):85-109

This paper compares the relative productive efficiencies of four models of primary care service delivery using the data envelopment analysis method on 130 primary care practices in Ontario, Canada. A quality-controlled measure of output and two input scenarios are employed: one with full-time-equivalent labour inputs and the other with total expenditures. Regression analysis controls for the mix of patients in the practice population. Read More

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September 2011
3 Reads

The Canadian National Retirement Risk Index: employing statistics Canada's LifePaths to measure the financial security of future Canadian seniors.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(Suppl):S73-S94

This article measures a Canadian National Retirement Risk Index (NRRI). Originally developed by the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College, the NRRI is a forward-looking measure that evaluates the proportion of working-aged individuals who are at risk of not maintaining their standard of living in retirement. The Canadian retirement income system has been very effective in reducing elderly poverty, but our results suggest that it has been much less successful in maintaining the living standards of Canadians after retirement. Read More

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September 2011
8 Reads

A life-course approach to studying transitions among Canadian seniors in couple-only households.

Authors:
Lisa Strohschein

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(Suppl):S57-S71

This study tracked the occurrence of death, widowhood, institutionalization, and coresidence with others between 1994 and 2002 for a nationally representative sample of 1,580 Canadian respondents who, at initial interview, were aged 55 and older and living in a couple-only household. Although the majority of seniors remained in a couple-only household throughout the duration of the survey, nearly one in four who experienced a first transition underwent one or more subsequent transitions. Age, economic resources, and health were significant predictors of a specific first transition and multiple transitions. Read More

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September 2011
1 Read

Public policy and aboriginal peoples in Canada: taking a life-course perspective.

Can Public Policy 2011 ;37(Suppl):S15-S31

The health and social conditions of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples in Canada remain important policy concerns. The life course has been proposed by some as a framework for analysis that could assist in the development of policies that would improve the economic and social inclusion of Aboriginal peoples. In this paper we support the goal of applying a life-course perspective to policies related to Aboriginal peoples but suggest that the framework needs to consider the unique relationship between Aboriginal peoples and public policies. Read More

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September 2011
1 Read

Physician resource planning in Canada: the need for a stronger behavioural foundation.

Can Public Policy 2010 ;36(3):359-75

An effective solution to the problem of access to physician services in Canada must extend beyond an over-exclusive focus on the number of providers to consider the behaviour of physicians in greater depth. The amount of labour and associated services supplied by physicians depends importantly on their attitudes regarding work, on practice and non-practice income opportunities, and on the policy environment in which they practise. Hence, the amount of labour supplied by a given stock of physicians can change over time. Read More

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December 2010
1 Read

The declining retirement prospects of immigrant men.

Can Public Policy 2010 ;36(3):287-305

We compare the retirement prospects of immigrant men with their native-born counterparts. Using data from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics, we estimate a significant gap of 43 percent in private pension income and 30 percent in private pension contributions between immigrants and the native born. The gap in public pension incomes is negligible and reduces the overall pension gap, but only partially. Read More

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December 2010

A Decade Later: assessing successes and challenges in Manitoba's Provincial Immigrant Nominee Program.

Can Public Policy 2010 ;36(2):241-64

During the past decade, Manitoba's Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP) has increased immigration to the province and dispersed immigrants more widely within Manitoba. At the same time, the rapid growth of the program and the decentralized way in which it has been implemented have contributed to some challenges. This ten-year analysis of the MPNP finds that many places in Manitoba are experiencing settlement service gaps, and that immigrants and communities are taking on much of the burden for MPNP application and settlement. Read More

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September 2010

What about a Disability Rights Act for Canada?: Practices and lessons from America, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

Authors:
Michael J Prince

Can Public Policy 2010 ;36(2):199-214

The Harper government and most national political parties are committed to a federal act for dealing with accessibility rights for persons with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to identify progressive lessons from countries with similar legislation for consideration by Canadian authorities. Countries surveyed are the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom. Read More

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September 2010
1 Read

The Value of "Experience" and the labour market entry of new immigrants to Canada.

Can Public Policy 2010 ;36(2):181-98

We use data from three waves of the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada to compare how pre-immigration experience in hi-tech and regulated occupations affects employment outcomes. While differences do decline over time, those with experience in an unregulated hi-tech occupation are more likely to be employed sooner in a matching and/or full time job. Immigrants with hi-tech occupational experience are more likely to have their foreign experience accepted, possibly due to the transferability of these skills and the absence of institutional barriers. Read More

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September 2010
1 Read

A curious jumble: the Canadian approach to online consumer health information.

Can Public Policy 2010 ;36(4):521-34

As part of a larger e-health strategy, Canadian governments have invested millions in online health information services for the lay public. These services are intended to reduce demands on the primary health care system by encouraging greater individual responsibility for health and are often promoted using the language of personal empowerment. In this paper, we describe how lay searchers generally look for online health information and discuss the disempowering challenges they are likely to face in (a) locating Canadian government-sponsored health information sites and (b) finding useful information on these sites to address everyday health concerns. Read More

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Intensity-based climate change policies in Canada.

Can Public Policy 2010 ;36(4):409-28

To reduce greenhouse gas emissions from large industries the Canadian government proposed using a tradable emissions performance standard approach, where the intensity of emissions, rather than the absolute level, is regulated. Unlike a cap and trade system, an emissions performance standard does not guarantee a certain overall level of emission reductions, a fact that has led to significant criticism. However, because of the dynamics of performance standards, they may reduce concerns over reductions in international competitiveness in cases where a country has climate policies that are more aggressive than those of some of its trade partners. Read More

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June 2011
2 Reads

Health status and health services utilization of Canada's immigrant and non-immigrant populations.

Authors:
M Laroche

Can Public Policy 2000 ;26(1):51-73

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April 2008
1 Read

The effect of public policy initiatives on drug prices in Canada.

Can Public Policy 1984 ;10(1):64-73

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