100 results match your criteria Canadian journal of respiratory therapy : CJRT = Revue canadienne de la therapie respiratoire : RCTR[Journal]


Esophageal pressure balloon and transpulmonary pressure monitoring in airway pressure release ventilation: a different approach.

Can J Respir Ther 2018 1;54(3):62-65. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Respiratory Department, Castle Medical Center, Kailua, Hawaii, USA.

This is a case of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome managed using esophageal balloon catheter to adjust inspiratory pressure and positive end expiratory pressure according to the inspiratory and expiratory transpulmonary pressures. There are no studies that examine the transpulmonary pressures in airway pressure release ventilation (APRV). We aimed to test the feasibility of using the esophageal balloon in the nonconventional mode of APRV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29390/cjrt-2018-010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422107PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The use of high-frequency percussive ventilation after cardiac surgery significantly improves gas exchange without impairment of hemodynamics.

Can J Respir Ther 2018 1;54(3):58-61. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Respiratory Therapy, Mercy Hospital Springfield, Springfield, MO, USA.

Objective: Respiratory failure represents a significant source of morbidity and mortality for surgical patients. High-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) is emerging as a potentially effective rescue therapy in patients failing conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV). Use of HFPV is often limited by concerns for potential effects on hemodynamics, which is particularly tenuous in patients immediately after cardiac surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29390/cjrt-2018-013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422108PMC
November 2018

Obstructive sleep apnoea in patients with fibrotic diffuse parenchymal lung disease-characterization and treatment compliance assessment.

Can J Respir Ther 2018 1;54(2):35-40. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Pulmonology Department, Centro Hospitalar São João, Oporto, Portugal.

Introduction: Recent studies have reported a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) among patients with diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), mainly idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Effective OSA treatment appears to have a positive impact on morbidity and mortality in these patients. However, poor compliance to positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment in fibrotic DPLD patients has been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29390/cjrt-2018-005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422053PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Looking ahead: The state and future of the .

Authors:
Sorge Justin

Can J Respir Ther 2018 1;54(1). Epub 2018 May 1.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422013PMC

Whole-lung lavage for severe pulmonary alveolar proteinosis assisted by veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a case report.

Can J Respir Ther 2018 Dec 5;55(1). Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Anesthesiology, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal.

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare pathology characterized by accumulation of phospholipoproteinaceous material within the alveoli. The evolution of PAP is variable and treatment modalities are limited. Pharmacological therapeutic targets are being actively developed, but whole-lung lavage (WLL), first described in the 1960s, remains the cornerstone of therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29390/cjrt-2018-019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345579PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

A pilot study to assess short-term physiologic outcomes of transitioning infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia from ICU to two subacute ventilators.

Can J Respir Ther 2018 1;54(1). Epub 2018 May 1.

Division of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, Banner Health, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Introduction: This study was designed to evaluate short-term physiologic outcomes of transitioning neonates with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) from intensive care unit (ICU) ventilators to both the Trilogy 202 (Philips Healthcare, Andover, MA) and LTV 1200 (CareFusion, Yorba Linda, CA) subacute ventilators.

Methods: Six infants with BPD requiring tracheostomies for support with a neonatal-specific ICU ventilator underwent placement of esophageal balloon catheters, airway pressure transducers, flow sensors, oxygen saturation (SpO), and end tidal carbon dioxide (PCO) monitors. Noninvasive gas exchange, airflow, and airway and esophageal pressures (P) were recorded following 20 min on the ICU ventilator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29390/cjrt-2018-001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5875982PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

: Shaping future healthcare teams through simulation-enhanced interprofessional education.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(4):81-87. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Nursing and Health Science, University of New Brunswick Saint John, Saint John, NB, Canada.

Background: Simulation-enhanced interprofessional education (sim-IPE) is a growing component of undergraduate health curricula, preparing learners for the practice environment and, in doing so, redefining practice culture. The Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative (CIHC) has established a national competency framework of integrative competency domains focused on fostering core skills, attitudes, and values in an effort to evolve interprofessional collaboration (IPC). This framework serves as the foundational underpinning for IPE within all health professions. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422223PMC
November 2017
1 Read

The effects of introducing high-fidelity simulation to preclinical student respiratory therapists.

Authors:
David Wall

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(4):75-80. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Yorkville University, Fredericton, NB, Canada.

Introduction: This action research study examines the use of high-fidelity simulation (HFS) in a 3-year Respiratory Therapy advanced diploma program offered at a community college located in southwestern Ontario. It seeks to identify if the use of preclinical experiential learning offered through various HFS scenarios had an impact on learners' ability to transition into clinical practicum. The experiential learning theory provided the framework that guided this study as it sought to determine the effect, if any, of HFS on confidence and student anxiety. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422224PMC
November 2017

Towards an enhanced conceptualization of fidelity for instructional design in simulation-based respiratory therapy education.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(4):69-74. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

College of Education, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Despite the apparent centrality of fidelity to clinical simulation instructional design and practice in respiratory therapy education, it remains one of most contested constructs in the simulation literature. Fidelity has been described as educationally under-theorized resulting in an emphasis often being placed on technological sophistication rather than theory-informed design, particularly in respiratory therapy. This article critically examines various conceptualizations of fidelity in the field of clinical simulation in an effort to inform its instructional design practices. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422225PMC
November 2017

Simulation-an invaluable tool in the respiratory therapist's tool kit.

Authors:
Kevin Middleton

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(4):66-68. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Simulation and Outreach Program, McMaster Children's Hospital, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422220PMC
November 2017

Simulation Specialists: setting the stage for a new role for Respiratory Therapists in education?

Authors:
Jessica Bernard

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(4):64-65. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

J Bernard. Simulation Specialists: setting the stage for a new role for Respiratory Therapists in education? Can J Respir Ther 2017;53(4):64-65.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422221PMC
November 2017

Simulation use in paediatric student respiratory therapy training.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(4):62-63. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

At SickKids it is a perennial challenge for clinical leads and preceptors to ensure that student respiratory therapists (SRTs) acquire the entire scope of the paediatric skill set as set out by the 2016 National Competency Profile. As such, simulation has historically been used to supplement the clinical experience for SRTs at Sick Kids; however, the extent to which simulation-based education can replace clinical experience is not clearly established in the literature. At SickKids, we have created an alternative paediatric rotation where the percentage of time spent in the simulation environment is greater than in the traditional, clinical-based rotation. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422219PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

There is nothing so practical as a good (simulation) theory.

Authors:
Andrew West

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(4):61. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422222PMC
November 2017

Pulmonary rehabilitation after lung transplantation with severe complications: A case report.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(3):45-47. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Pulmonary and critical care medicine, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing 100020, PR China.

This case study describes a 59-year-old male with a body mass index of 14.4 kg/m and a diagnosis of interstitial lung disease, pneumoconiosis, and severe pulmonary hypertension who received a bilateral lung transplant in a hospital in mainland China. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was initiated before the lung transplant; in addition, an emergency thoracotomy was performed three hours afterwards due to uncontrolled bleeding. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422215PMC
August 2017
2 Reads

Comparison of the accuracy of classification models to estimate healthcare use and costs associated with COPD exacerbations in Saskatchewan, Canada: A retrospective cohort study.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(3):37-44. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Objective: COPD is a high-cost disease and results in frequent contacts with the healthcare system. The study objective was to compare the accuracy of classification models with different covariates for classifying COPD patients into cost groups.

Methods: Linked health administrative databases from Saskatchewan, Canada, were used to identify a cohort of newly diagnosed COPD patients (April 1, 2007 to March 31, 2011) and their episodes of healthcare encounters for disease exacerbations. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422214PMC

Noninvasive ventilation in life-threatening asthma: A case series.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(3):33-36. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.

Background: The use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in severe acute asthma is controversial. A pH < 7.25, PaCO > 60 mmHg, and altered mental status have been described as contraindications to NIV in acute asthma. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422218PMC
August 2017
1 Read

Stewarding our community's journal.

Authors:
Andrew West

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(3):32. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422217PMC

Putting the "RT" in redevelopment.

Authors:
Alean A Jackman

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(2):33-36. Epub 2017 May 1.

Perioperative Services, Cambridge Memorial Hospital, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada.

There has been a progressive increase in hospital redevelopment projects over the last 10 years; an interdisciplinary approach is needed to ensure design and operationalization of the new spaces are optimized. Respiratory therapists (RTs) possess clinical and technical expertise that can be a valuable asset to hospital development projects. The involvement of RTs in redevelopment roles should occur as early as the capital planning phase and continue through to operational readiness activities and beyond. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422210PMC
May 2017
2 Reads

A comparison of three techniques for cricothyrotomy on a manikin.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(2):29-32. Epub 2017 May 1.

Department of Anesthesia, Pain Management and Perioperative Medicine, Dalhousie University, Victoria General Hospital, 1276 South Park St. Halifax Nova Scotia, Canada.

Background: Cricothyrotomy can either be performed by an "open" cricothyrotomy technique, or by a needle (Seldinger) technique. Clinical uncertainty exists regarding which technique is more effective. We compared three different techniques for cricothyrotomy, performed by anesthesiologists on a manikin. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422212PMC

The road ahead for respiratory therapy.

Authors:
Andrew West

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(2):27. Epub 2017 May 1.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422213PMC

Optimizing learner assessment in a respiratory therapy clinical simulation course.

Authors:
Yvonne Drasovean

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(1):17-22. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

School of Health Sciences, Fanshawe College, London, ON.

The purpose of this participatory action research project was to evaluate the effectiveness and objectiveness of learner evaluation methods used in a clinical simulation course offered at a community college as part of the 3-year Respiratory Therapy advanced diploma program. A mixed-method approach to data collection was used. A paper-based questionnaire was completed by 47 participants and was utilized to identify learner satisfaction with the simulation experience. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422209PMC
February 2017
1 Read

The practice of simulation-based assessment in respiratory therapy education.

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(1):13-16. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

College of Education, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Clinical simulation has gained prominence as an educational approach in many Canadian respiratory therapy programs and is strongly associated with improved learning, clinical and nonclinical skill, future performance, and patient outcomes. Traditionally, the primary assessment approach employed in clinical simulation has been formative debriefing for learning. Contextual factors, such as limited opportunities for learning in clinical practice and technologically oriented perspectives on learning in clinical simulation, are converging to prompt a move from using formative debriefing sessions that support learning in simulation to employing high-stakes testing intended to measure entry-to-practice competencies. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422207PMC
February 2017
1 Read

Debunking myths in pulmonary function testing.

Authors:
Jeffrey M Haynes

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(1):7-11. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Pulmonary Function Laboratory, St Joseph Hospital, Nashua, NH.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422208PMC
February 2017
1 Read

Transforming clinical research into everyday practice: are respiratory care practitioners proactive or reactive?

Authors:
Kenneth Brake

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(1):5-6. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Respiratory Therapy, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422206PMC
February 2017

Collaboratively leveraging our potential.

Authors:
Andrew West

Can J Respir Ther 2017 1;53(1). Epub 2017 Feb 1.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422205PMC
February 2017

Message from the Editor-in-Chief.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(4):103. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422228PMC
November 2016

Advisory workgroup recommendations on the use of clinical simulation in respiratory therapy education.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(4):114-117. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

College of the North Atlantic, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.

Clinical simulation has become established as a commonly used educational approach in respiratory therapy, though questions remain with regards to the evidence basis for its use in some contexts. In conjunction with the development of a new iteration of the National Competency Framework (NCF), the National Alliance of Respiratory Therapy Regulatory Bodies (NARTRB) reaffirmed its desire to continue to recognize the use of simulation as an educational tool. Given the expressed uncertainty as to best practices in the use of clinical simulation in entry-to-practice respiratory therapy education programs, the NARTRB requested the creation of an expert workgroup to develop a list of recommendations from which an implementation plan could be developed for the next iteration of the NCF. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422227PMC
November 2016

High-flow nasal cannula therapy for patients with blunt thoracic injury: A retrospective study.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(4):110-113. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

General Surgery Residency Program, UnityPoint Health, Des Moines, Iowa, 50309, USA.

Objective: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) has been shown to reduce the need for mechanical ventilation (MV) and to decrease hospital and ICU days for patients with severe respiratory compromise. HFNC has not been evaluated in trauma patients, thus the goal of this study is to describe the use of HFNC in a chest-injured population.

Methods: A retrospective study examined trauma patients with moderate to severe thoracic injury admitted to the ICU at a tertiary hospital between March 2012 and August 2015. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422229PMC
November 2016

A partnership for Indigenous knowledge translation: Implementation of a First Nations community COPD screening day.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(4):105-109. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

St. Paul's Hospital Pulmonary Rehabilitation Clinic, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

This article suggests a method for integrating the principles of Aboriginal knowledge translation (KT) in the implementation of a pilot for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) screening to improve current practice and provide health programming that is culturally sensitive and relevant. The elements of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research model guided a community informed design for the Lung Health Day that was planned with two communities of the Secwepemc Nation in British Columbia. By integrating the principles of Aboriginal KT, program implementation design can address the current disparities in respiratory care and management of COPD and improve the health status of First Nations patients. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422226PMC
November 2016

We're not making evidence-based decisions: Introducing a tool to assess strengths and weaknesses in healthcare providers.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(4):104. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

School of Health Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422230PMC
November 2016

Home mechanical ventilation: A retrospective review of safety incidents using the World Health Organization International Patient Safety Event classification.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(3):85-91. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

School of Biomedical Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: There is a paucity of patient safety information from the community sector related to the medically fragile population requiring home mechanical ventilation (HMV). To improve safety, the risks HMV patients encounter must first be understood.

Objectives: To describe patient safety incidents within the HMV population and discuss opportunities for preventing harm. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6073515PMC
September 2016
2 Reads

Impact of interprofessional education on noninvasive ventilation in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(3):81-84. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.

Objective: To evaluate the impact and effectiveness of an experiential interprofessional education workshop on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in the setting of a neonatal intensive care unit.

Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, a full-day workshop, consisting of didactic and hands-on components, was developed to assess knowledge and perceptions, and to disseminate the latest evidence and practical aspects of NIV use. All health care professionals (HCPs) were asked to participate. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6073516PMC
September 2016
19 Reads

Staffing patterns of respiratory therapists in critical care units of Canadian teaching hospitals.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(3):75-80. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario.

Background: The optimal level of respiratory therapy staffing in Canadian intensive care units (ICUs) has not been described in the literature. An examination of practice patterns is an essential first step in developing an understanding of the contribution of respiratory therapists (RTs) to both short- and long-term patient outcomes in this context.

Objective: To identify the ratio of mechanically ventilated patients to respiratory therapist (Vent:RT ratio) in the ICUs of Canadian teaching hospitals and the factors that influence this ratio. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6073513PMC
September 2016
4 Reads

Making a difference: More than just respiratory care.

Authors:
Alisha Nelson

Can J Respir Ther 2016 1;52(3):73-74. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

BC Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6073514PMC
September 2016

A positive methacholine challenge based on specific airway conductance: A case report.

Authors:
Jeffrey Haynes

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(2):53-5

Pulmonary Function Laboratory, St Joseph Hospital, Nashua, New Hampshire, USA.

A 30-year-old Caucasian man presented to the pulmonary function laboratory for a methacholine challenge test. Following inhalation of the final dose of methacholine, the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) was 8% below baseline. However, the patient complained of chest tightness and dyspnea, similar to the symptoms he experienced after running. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4948571PMC
July 2016
1 Read

Home care in respiratory therapy.

Authors:
Blayne T Clarke

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(2):51-2

Member, Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4948574PMC

Patient and family centred care in respiratory therapy: A fundamental right?

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(2):50

Canadian Society of Respiratory Therapists, Ottawa, Ontario.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4948573PMC

Comparison of cardiac rehabilitation outcomes in individuals with respiratory, cardiac or no comorbidities: A retrospective review.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(2):43-9

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario.

Objective: To describe the prevalence and impact of respiratory comorbidities on patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR).

Methods: A retrospective review of a CR database (1999 to 2004) of patients with ischemic heart disease with ≥10 pack per year (ppy) smoking history and respiratory comorbidities (RC), non-respiratory comorbidities (NRC) and no comorbidities (NC) was performed. Primary outcomes at zero, six and 12 months included peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), maximum workload, resting heart rate, ventilatory anaerobic threshold and anthropometrics. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4948575PMC
July 2016
16 Reads

Early versus late tracheostomy for critically ill patients: A clinical evidence synopsis of a recent Cochrane Review.

Authors:
Allison Keeping

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(1):27-8

School of Health Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

The author questioned whether an early tracheostomy (within 10 days of intubation) was associated with lower mortality compared with a late tracheostomy for long-term mechanically ventilated patients. The present brief review of eight studies revealed that individuals receiving early tracheostomies had slightly lower mortality rates compared with those who received late tracheostomies. More standardized research is needed. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4751969PMC
February 2016

Evidence regarding patient compliance with incentive spirometry interventions after cardiac, thoracic and abdominal surgeries: A systematic literature review.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(1):17-26

IJN-UTM Cardiovascular Engineering Centre, Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Johor Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia;

Background: Evidence regarding the effectiveness of incentive spirometry (ISy) on postoperative pulmonary outcomes after thoracic, cardiac and abdominal surgery remains inconclusive. This is attributed to various methodological issues inherent in ISy trials. Patient compliance has also been highlighted as a possible confounding factor; however, the status of evidence regarding patient compliance in these trials is unknown. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4751968PMC
February 2016
12 Reads

Southmedic OxyMask(TM) compared with the Hudson RCI(®) Non-Rebreather Mask(TM): Safety and performance comparison.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(1):13-5

Respiratory Care Services, Iowa Methodist Medical Center, De Moines, Iowa, USA.

Background: The non-rebreather mask (NRBM) is used for many applications and in many patient care scenarios in which hypoxemia and resultant hypoxia are a concern. The NRBM is a low-flow oxygen delivery system that is easily deployed and capable of delivering a relatively high fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2).The potential for ineffective carbon dioxide (CO2) removal at low flow rates is a safety concern. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4751967PMC
February 2016

Can an interprofessional tracheostomy team improve weaning to decannulation times? A quality improvement evaluation.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(1):7-11

Quality Department, Trillium Health Partners, Mississauga, Ontario.

Background: Percutaneous tracheostomy is a common procedure in the intensive care unit and, on patient transfer to the wards, there is a gap in ongoing tracheostomy management. There is some evidence that tracheostomy teams can shorten weaning to decannulation times. In response to lengthy weaning to decannulation times at Trillium Health Partners - Credit Valley Hospital site (Mississauga, Ontario), an interprofessional tracheostomy team, led by respiratory therapists and consisting of speech-language pathologists and intensive care physicians, was implemented. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4751971PMC
February 2016
45 Reads

Case studies in respiratory therapy.

Can J Respir Ther 2016 ;52(1):5-6

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4751970PMC
February 2016

Infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus.

Can J Respir Ther 2015 ;51(4):102

Emergency Medicine and Intensive Care Department, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences King Abdullah International Medical Research Center Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631129PMC
November 2015
2 Reads

Race, ethnicity and lung function: A brief history.

Authors:
Lundy Braun

Can J Respir Ther 2015 ;51(4):99-101

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Africana Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Spirometry is the most common lung function test and represents the cornerstone diagnostic and management tool for individuals with chronic respiratory diseases. Variability and changing temporal trends in lung function measurements, however, have contributed to the problem of standardizing spirometry, especially with regard to 'race correction'. This article examines the history of the practice, the dilemmas encountered by researchers and the implications of adhering to long-held beliefs without considering more complex explanatory frameworks. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631137PMC
November 2015
14 Reads

Are electronic nicotine delivery systems an effective smoking cessation tool?

Can J Respir Ther 2015 ;51(4):93-8

Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Background: Recent studies have estimated that 21% of all deaths over the past decade are due to smoking, making it the leading cause of premature death in Canada. To date, many steps have been taken to eradicate the global epidemic of tobacco smoking. Most recently, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) have become a popular smoking cessation tool. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631136PMC
November 2015
18 Reads

Improving the health of Canadians: Why a certification program for tobacco educators is necessary.

Can J Respir Ther 2015 ;51(4):89-91

University of Toronto, Division of Respirology, Toronto, Ontario.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631135PMC
November 2015
14 Reads

Situating tobacco dependency education in health professional prelicensure curricula: An interprofessional learning opportunity.

Can J Respir Ther 2015 ;51(4):86-8

College of Nursing; Faculty of Heath Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631134PMC
November 2015
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