5,702 results match your criteria Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie[Journal]


Current and Common Definitions of Treatment-Resistant Depression: Findings from a Systematic Review and Qualitative Interviews.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 14:706743719828965. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta.

Objective:: No universal definition for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) exists. This lack of consensus reduces the generalizability of study findings and limits the ability to study TRD. In addition, anecdotally, there may be a difference between the definitions of TRD within research and those applied in practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719828965DOI Listing
February 2019

Gender Differences in Research Productivity among Academic Psychiatrists in Canada.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 7:706743718802798. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

2 Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

Objectives:: Gender inequity in academic medicine persists despite increases in the number of women physicians. We sought to explore gender differences in research productivity for academic psychiatrists in Canada.

Methods:: In a cross-sectional study of the 3379 psychiatrists in all 17 university departments of psychiatry in Canada, research productivity, as measured by the h-index and number of publications, was compared between women and men using a negative log binomial regression model to generate relative rates (RRs), adjusted for career duration (aRR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718802798DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The Impact of Housing First on Criminal Justice Outcomes among Homeless People with Mental Illness: A Systematic Review.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 6:706743718815902. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

3 Institut national de psychiatrie légale Philippe-Pinel, Quebec.

Objective:: Housing First is increasingly put forward as an important component of a pragmatic plan to end homelessness. The literature evaluating the impact of Housing First on criminal justice involvement has not yet been systematically examined. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the impact of Housing First on criminal justice outcomes among homeless people with mental illness. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Cannabis Use for Medicinal Purposes among Canadian University Students.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 2:706743718818420. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

6 Alberta Health Services, Alberta.

Objective:: The study sought to describe a Canadian sample of university students' medicinal use of cannabis, including prevalence of cannabis use disorder (CUD) and replacement of traditional treatments with cannabis.

Method:: A random sample of 4000 university students was asked to complete a cross-sectional web-based survey. The survey was completed by 2212 (average age 23. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718818420
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718818420DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The Psychometric Properties of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) in an Epidemiological Sample of Canadian Youth.

Authors:
Mark A Ferro

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 2:706743718818414. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

1 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Ontario.

Objective:: This study (1) describes the distribution of Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) scores in an epidemiological sample of youth, (2) reports its item correlations and internal consistency reliability, (3) tests for measurement invariance by age (youth vs. adults) and sex, and (4) examines its predictive power for past-year psychiatric disorders.

Method:: Youth aged 15 to 19 years ( n = 2010) and adults aged 20 to 64 years ( n = 2010) from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health who completed the K6 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718818414DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Incidence and Management of Clozapine-Induced Myocarditis in a Large Tertiary Hospital.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 1:706743718816058. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

1 Pharmacy Department, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Objective:: Clozapine, an antipsychotic reserved for management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia, is associated with severe adverse effects, including myocarditis. This study aims to determine the incidence of clozapine-induced myocarditis at a large tertiary hospital compared to what is reported in the literature.

Methods:: Medical records of adult patients admitted to psychiatry units receiving clozapine between January 1, 2010, and July 31, 2016, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Comorbidity Patterns of Psychiatric Conditions in Canadian Armed Forces Personnel.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 1:706743718816057. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

4 MacDonald/Franklin OSI Research Centre, London, Ontario.

Objective:: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often accompanied by other mental health conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD), substance misuse disorders, and anxiety disorders. The objective of the current study is to delineate classes of comorbidity and investigate predictors of comorbidity classes amongst a sample of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Force personnel.

Methods:: Latent class analyses (LCAs) were applied to cross-sectional data obtained between April and August 2013 from a nationally representative random sample of 6700 CAF Regular Force personnel who deployed to the mission in Afghanistan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718816057DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
2.551 Impact Factor

The Mental Health of Young Canadians Who Are Not Working or in School.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 30:706743718815899. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

1 Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.

Objective:: Recent studies suggest that youth who have a mental health problem are more likely to be NEET-not in education, employment, or training-but findings remain mixed, and evidence from Canada is limited. We examined this association across a range of mental and substance disorders in a representative sample of Canadian youth.

Method:: Data were from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health ( n = 5622; ages 15-29). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718815899DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Health, Social, Education, and Justice Outcomes of Manitoba First Nations Children Diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Population-Based Cohort Study of Linked Administrative Data.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 30:706743718816064. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

1 Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Objective:: To examine health services, social services, education, and justice system outcomes among First Nations children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

Methods:: In this retrospective cohort study, health and social services, education, and justice data were linked with clinical records on First Nations (FN) individuals aged 1 to 25 and diagnosed with FASD between 1999 and 2010 ( n = 743). We compared the FN FASD group to non-FN individuals with FASD (non-FN FASD; n = 315) and to First Nations individuals (matched on age, sex, and income) not diagnosed with FASD (FN non-FASD; n = 2229). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718816064DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Development and Evaluation of a Recovery College Fidelity Measure.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 30:706743718815893. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

1 School of Health Sciences, Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Objective:: Recovery Colleges are widespread, with little empirical research on their key components. This study aimed to characterize key components of Recovery Colleges and to develop and evaluate a developmental checklist and a quantitative fidelity measure.

Methods:: Key components were identified through a systematized literature review, international expert consultation ( n = 77), and semistructured interviews with Recovery College managers across England ( n = 10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718815893DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

[Prevalence and associated factors of depression symptoms in fathers of children aged 6 months to 17 years in Québec].

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 13:706743718815882. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

2 Département de psychoéducation et de psychologie, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives:: In fathers, depression symptoms experienced during pregnancy and after childbirth represent a depression risk factor during the child first months. Since depression can have a huge impact on their subsequent involvement with the child, this issue is worrisome and requires consideration. Until now, however, few studies have dealt with paternal depression and its determinants beyond the perinatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718815882DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Persistent Depression: Should Such a DSM-5 Diagnostic Category Persist?

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 19:706743718814429. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

3 CADE Clinic, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718814429DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Access and Health System Impact of an Early Intervention Treatment Program for Emerging Adults with Mood and Anxiety Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 12:706743718809347. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

2 Department of Psychiatry, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, Toronto, Ontario.

Objectives:: Early intervention programs are effective for improving outcomes in first-episode psychosis; however, less is known about their effectiveness for mood and anxiety disorders. We sought to evaluate the impact of an early intervention program for emerging adults with mood and anxiety disorders in the larger health system context, relative to standard care.

Methods:: Using health administrative data, we constructed a retrospective cohort of cases of mood and anxiety disorders among emerging adults aged 16 to 25 years in the catchment of the First Episode Mood and Anxiety Program (FEMAP) in London, Ontario, between 2009 and 2014. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718809347
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718809347DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Outcome of Psychoanalytic and Cognitive-Behavioural Long-Term Therapy with Chronically Depressed Patients: A Controlled Trial with Preferential and Randomized Allocation.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 1;64(1):47-58. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

2 University Medical Center, Mainz, Germany.

Objective:: For chronic depression, the effectiveness of brief psychotherapy has been limited. This study is the first comparing the effectiveness of long-term cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and long-term psychoanalytic therapy (PAT) of chronically depressed patients and the effects of preferential or randomized allocation.

Methods:: A total of 252 adults met the inclusion criteria (aged 21-60 years, major depression, dysthymia, double depression for at least 24 months, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms [QIDS] >9, Beck Depression Inventory II [BDI] >17, informed consent, not meeting exclusion criteria). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718780340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364135PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Migrations Matrimoniales: Facteurs de Risque en Santé Mentale.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 31:706743718802800. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

2 Université Nuh Naci Yazgan, Kayseri, Turquie.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718802800DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) Part I: A Checklist for Dimensional Measurement of Selected DSM-5 Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 30:706743718808250. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

1 Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.

Objectives:: To describe the development and psychometric properties of the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) for dimensional measurement of 7 disorders based on criteria from the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM-5).

Methods:: Scale items were selected by agreement among 19 child psychologists and psychiatrists rating the correspondence between item descriptions and DSM-5 symptoms. Psychometric evaluation of the item properties and parent/caregiver and youth scales came from a general population study of 10,802 children and youth aged 4 to 17 years in 6537 families. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718808250
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718808250DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) Part II: Psychometric Adequacy for Categorical Measurement of Selected DSM-5 Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 30:706743718808251. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

1 Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.

Objectives:: To compare the reliability and convergent validity of parent assessments from the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID -a structured diagnostic interview) and the Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) symptom checklist for classifying conduct disorder (CD), conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder (CD-ODD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and separation anxiety disorder (SAD) based on DSM-5 criteria.

Methods:: Data came from 283 parent-youth dyads aged 9 to 18 years. Parents and youth completed the assessments separately on 2 different occasions 7 to 14 days apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718808251DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

The Effect of Age of Initiation of Cannabis Use on Psychosis, Depression, and Anxiety among Youth under 25 Years.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29:706743718809339. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario.

Objectives:: This study was conducted to review the current state of evidence on the association between age of initiation of cannabis use and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety among youth under 25 years of age.

Methods:: We conducted a systematic review of articles published prior to March 2018 by searching OVID MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and the references of included studies. We included comparative studies (cohort, case-control, cross-sectional) that reported on cannabis use in persons <25 years of age (exposure) and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety (outcome). Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718809339
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718809339DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Early Risk Factors for Daily Cannabis Use in Young Adults.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29:706743718804541. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 Centre de recherche du centre hospitalier de l`Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Montreal, Quebec.

Objectives:: Daily cannabis use can portend problematic use or dependence. We aimed to identify early risk factors for daily cannabis use in young adults.

Methods:: Data were available in a longitudinal investigation of 1294 grade 7 students age 12 to 13 years at inception recruited in 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, in 1999. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718804541
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718804541DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Traffic Violations among Young People with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 28:706743718809340. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

1 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario.

Background:: Evidence whether individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for traffic violations/collisions is mixed. This study investigated the association between ADHD and traffic violations among youth and young adults; examined whether this association differed by age, sex, or comorbid mental or physical problems; and modelled factors associated with traffic violations among individuals with ADHD.

Methods:: Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH), a cross-sectional epidemiological study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718809340DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

In Memoriam: Dr. Roger Bland, 1937-2018.

Authors:
Scott Patten

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 25:706743718811026. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, Cuthbertson and Fischer Chair in Pediatric Mental Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718811026DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

[Clinical profile of adolescents being treated for problematic internet use].

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 2:706743718800698. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

4 Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé, Université de Sherbrooke (Campus de Longueuil), Longueuil, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives: This study highlights the clinical profile of adolescents having consulted with an addiction treatment center (ATC) in Québec for a problematic internet use (PIU) to develop knowledge about these specific clients and precisely target their needs relative to treatment.

Method: The study was conducted with 80 adolescents between ages 14 and 17 (M = 15.59) who had consulted with an ACT for a PIU. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718800698
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718800698DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Adherence to and Persistence with Antidepressant Medication during Pregnancy: Does It Differ by the Class of Antidepressant Medication Prescribed?

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Sep 25:706743718802809. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

1 Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objective: Pregnant women are often concerned about the impact of medication use on their pregnancy, such as congenital abnormalities. This study examined the rate of adherence to and persistence with antidepressant medications during pregnancy based on the class of antidepressants prescribed.

Methods: Women who gave birth between 2012 and 2015 in Alberta, Canada; had ≥1 diagnosis of depression within 1 year of preconception in outpatient physician claims, emergency department, or hospitalization administrative data; and were adherent (medication possession ratio ≥80%) to ≥2 consecutive antidepressant prescriptions during the preconception year ( n = 1865) were included in this retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718802809DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

The Public Cost of Mental Health- and Addiction-Related Services for Youth (Ages 12-17) in Alberta.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 29:706743718795676. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

2 Department of Psychiatry, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec.

Objective: To measure the provincial government cost of mental health-related activities for youth ages 12 to 17 in Alberta in 2014 to 2015.

Methods: The target population was Alberta youth ages 12 to 17 (the federal justice definition) who received or were funded for mental health-related or complementary services from Alberta Health Services, Alberta Health, Alberta Human Services, Alberta Justice and Solicitor General, and Alberta Education (public schools). Data on services and expenditures were obtained from each source for the target youth population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718795676DOI Listing
August 2018
14 Reads

Men's Mental Health: Beyond Victim-Blaming.

Authors:
Rob Whitley

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Sep;63(9):577-580

1 Department of Psychiatry, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718758041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109881PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Advancing Integrated Care through Psychiatric Workforce Development: A Systematic Review of Educational Interventions to Train Psychiatrists in Integrated Care.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug;63(8):513-525

12 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.

Objective: Integrated or collaborative care is a well-evidenced and widely practiced approach to improve access to high-quality mental health care in primary care and other settings. Psychiatrists require preparation for this emerging type of practice, and such training is now mandatory for Canadian psychiatry residents. However, it is not known how best to mount such training, and in the absence of such knowledge, the quality of training across Canada has suffered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718772520DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099757PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Collaborative Care or the Pinball Syndrome.

Authors:
Alain Braillon

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug;63(8):570

University Hospital, 80000 Amiens, France

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718771006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099755PMC
August 2018
1 Read
2.551 Impact Factor

Response to Comment Regarding: Medical Assistance in Dying and Mental Health: A Legal, Ethical, and Clinical Analysis.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug;63(8):572

Complex Care and Recovery Program, Forensic Division, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Head, Division of Forensic Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718775945DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099751PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Regarding Medical Assistance in Dying and Mental Health: A Legal, Ethical, and Clinical Analysis.

Authors:
Derryck H Smith

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug;63(8):571

Clinical Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718775935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6099756PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Children and Adolescents following Road Traffic Accidents: A Meta-Analysis.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 6:706743718792194. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

1 Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Objective: Children and adolescents are among the most vulnerable road users, and road traffic accidents (RTAs) can lead to not only physical injuries but also adverse psychological outcomes, particularly posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, estimates of the prevalence of PTSD among children and adolescents following RTAs varied considerably across studies. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of PTSD among this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718792194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309043PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Effectiveness of Community Treatment Order in Patients with a First Episode of Psychosis: A Mirror-Image Study.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 5;63(11):766-773. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

1 Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.

Objective:: Poor adherence to antipsychotic medications is strongly associated with psychotic relapses and hospitalizations. This may hinder patients' ability to function, particularly in a first episode of psychosis (FEP). Poor adherence to treatment may be due to poor insight that can alter the capacity to consent to care, including pharmacotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718777389DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299184PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Two Challenges Affecting Access to Care for Inmates with Serious Mental Illness: Detecting Illness and Acceptable Services.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 2;63(10):648-650. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

1 Division of Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718792844DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6187441PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

An Epidemiological Study of Substance Use Disorders Among Emerging and Young Adults.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 2:706743718792189. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

3 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: We investigated the prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) among emerging adults and quantified the extent to which emerging adults, compared with young adults, have increased odds for SUDs.

Methods: Data were from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH). Respondents were 15 to 39 y of age ( n = 9228) and were categorized as: early emerging adults (15 to 22 y); late emerging adults (23 to 29 y); and, young adults (30 to 39 y). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718792189DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Treatment History of Youth At-Risk for Serious Mental Illness.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 2:706743718792195. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

1 Department of Psychiatry, Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objective: The aim was to describe treatment history including medications, psychosocial therapy and hospital visits of participants in the Canadian Psychiatric Risk and Outcomes Study (PROCAN).

Methods: PROCAN is a 2-site study of 243 youth/young adults aged 12 to 25 y, categorized into 4 groups: healthy controls ( n = 42), stage 0 (non-help seeking, asymptomatic with risk mainly family history of serious mental illness (SMI); n = 41), stage 1a (distress disorders; n = 52) and stage 1b (attenuated syndromes; n = 108). Participants were interviewed regarding lifetime and current treatments, including medications, psychosocial therapies and hospital visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718792195DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Risk for Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Perceived Stress by Ethnicities in Canada: From Pregnancy Through the Preschool Years.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 1:706743718792190. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

3 Department of Pediatrics, University of Toronto & Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: Past cross-sectional studies have reported that mothers from ethnic minorities experience higher levels of prenatal and post-partum psychosocial distress compared with mothers from ethnic majorities. However, no studies have examined how the pattern varies longitudinally in a Canadian population of heterogeneous ethnicity.

Methods: We analyzed data from 3,138 mothers participating in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study, a longitudinal multi-center study incorporating 10 distinct waves of psychosocial data collection from pregnancy until the index child was aged 5 y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718792190DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Enhancing the Engagement of Immigrant and Ethnocultural Minority Clients in Canadian Early Intervention Services for Psychosis.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:706743718773752. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychoses, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montréal, Quebec.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718773752DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299191PMC
January 2018
8 Reads

Mental Health Stigma: Explicit and Implicit Attitudes of Canadian Undergraduate Students, Medical School Students, and Psychiatrists.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jul 29:706743718792193. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

3 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Objectives: To compare explicit and implicit stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness among undergraduate students, medical school students, and psychiatrists, and to assess whether attitudes are associated with education level, exposure to, and personal experience with mental illness.

Methods: Participants from McMaster University were recruited through email. Participants completed a web-based survey consisting of demographics; the Opening Minds Scale for Healthcare Providers (OMS-HC) 12-item survey, which measures explicit stigma; and an Implicit Association Test (IAT), measuring implicit bias toward physical illness (diabetes mellitus) or mental illness (schizophrenia). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718792193DOI Listing
July 2018
1 Read

Thinking Beyond Legalization: The Case for Expanding Evidence-Based Options for Cannabis Use Disorder Treatment in Canada.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:706743718790955. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

4 Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718790955DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads

Mental Health Service Utilization in Depressed Canadian Armed Forces Personnel.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 17;64(1):59-67. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

1 School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario.

Background:: Major depression is prevalent, impactful, and treatable in military populations, but not all depressed personnel seek professional care in a given year. Care-seeking patterns (including the use of primary vs. specialty care) and factors associated with the likelihood of mental health service utilization in depressed military personnel are poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718787792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364141PMC
January 2019
22 Reads

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: A Critical Perspective.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:706743718789900. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718789900DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309036PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Antipsychotic Drug-Induced Movement Disorders: A Forgotten Problem?

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:706743718786702. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Department of Psychiatry, Imperial College London, London, England.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718786702DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299188PMC
January 2018
5 Reads

Mental Health in the Cree Peoples of Northern Quebec: Relationships Among Trauma, Familial Psychological Distress, and Mood or Anxiety Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:706743718784938. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.

Objective: This study examined the physical and mental health of Cree adults, as well as the personal, clinical, and environmental factors associated with the presence of lifetime anxiety and mood disorders.

Methods: Mental health was assessed using the computerised version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (CDIS-IV), and standardised instruments were used to assess physical health, addiction severity, and psychological distress in 506 randomly selected participants from 4 Northern Cree communities in Quebec.

Results: Overall, 46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718784938DOI Listing
January 2018
16 Reads

Early Adolescent Substance Use and Mental Health Problems and Service Utilisation in a School-based Sample.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:706743718784935. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Margaret and Wallace McCain Centre for Child, Youth and Family Mental Health, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario.

Objective: This paper reports on substance use, mental health problems, and mental health service utilisation in an early adolescent school-based sample.

Method: Participants were 1,360 grade 7 and 8 students from 4 regions of Ontario, Canada. Students completed an in-class survey on mental health and substance use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718784935DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Canada Should Retain Its Reservation on the United Nation's Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:706743718784939. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

5 Department of Psychiatry at Western University, London, Ontario.

The United Nations adopted the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in 2006. When Canada ratified the CRPD, it reserved the right to continue using substitute decision making schemes even if the CRPD was 'interpreted as requiring their elimination'. This was a prescient decision because the CRPD Committee, which is tasked with overseeing the interpretation and implementation of the CRPD, subsequently opined that all legislation supporting substitute decision making schemes contravene the CRPD and must be revoked. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718784939DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6309045PMC
January 2018
16 Reads

Does Introducing Public Funding for Allied Health Psychotherapy Lead to Reductions in Private Insurance Claims? Lessons for Canada from the Australian Experience.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 20;64(1):68-76. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

4 Independent Researcher, Ottawa, Canada.

Objective:: Provincial and territorial governments are considering how best to improve access to psychotherapy from the current patchwork of programmes. To achieve the best value for money, new funding needs to reach a wider population rather than simply replacing services funded through insurance benefits. We considered lessons for Canada from the relative uptake of private insurance and public funding for allied health psychotherapy in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718784941DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364136PMC
January 2019
22 Reads