5,724 results match your criteria Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie[Journal]


The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study.

Authors:
Scott Patten

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):225-226

1 Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, Cuthbertson and Fischer Chair in Pediatric Mental Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719834483DOI Listing

Poverty, Neighbourhood Antisocial Behaviour, and Children's Mental Health Problems: Findings from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):285-293

5 (In alphabetical order) Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

Objectives: To determine if levels of neighbourhood poverty and neighbourhood antisocial behaviour modify associations between household poverty and child and youth mental health problems.

Methods: Data come from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study-a provincially representative survey of 6537 families with 10,802 four- to 17-year-olds. Multivariate multilevel modelling was used to test if neighbourhood poverty and antisocial behaviour interact with household poverty to modify associations with children's externalizing and internalizing problems based on parent assessments of children (4- to 17-year-olds) and self-assessments of youth (12- to 17-year-olds). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719830027DOI Listing

Children's Mental Health Need and Expenditures in Ontario: Findings from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):275-284

6 (in alphabetical order) Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

Objective: To estimate the alignment between the Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services (MCYS) expenditures for children's mental health services and population need, and to quantify the value of adjusting for need in addition to population size in formula-based expenditure allocations. Two need definitions are used: "assessed need," as the presence of a mental disorder, and "perceived need," as the subjective perception of a mental health problem.

Methods: Children's mental health need and service contact estimates (from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study), expenditure data (from government administrative data), and population counts (from the 2011 Canadian Census) were combined to generate formula-based expenditure allocations based on 1) population size and 2) need (population size adjusted for levels of need). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719830036DOI Listing

Tracking Children's Mental Health in the 21st Century: Lessons from the 2014 OCHS.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):232-236

9 (in alphabetical order) Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719830025DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Changes in the Prevalence of Child and Youth Mental Disorders and Perceived Need for Professional Help between 1983 and 2014: Evidence from the Ontario Child Health Study.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):256-264

5 (In alphabetical order) Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), and Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

Objectives: To examine: 1) changes in the prevalence of mental disorders and perceived need for professional help among children (ages 4 to 11) and youth (ages 12 to 16) between 1983 and 2014 in Ontario and 2) whether these changes vary by age and sex, urban-rural residency, poverty, lone-parent status, and immigrant background.

Methods: The 1983 ( n = 2836) and 2014 ( n = 5785) Ontario Child Health Studies are provincially representative cross-sectional surveys with identical self-report checklist measures of conduct disorder, hyperactivity, and emotional disorder, as well as perceived need for professional help, assessed by integrating parent and teacher responses (ages 4 to 11) and parent and youth responses (ages 12 to 16).

Results: The overall prevalence of perceived need for professional help increased from 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719830035DOI Listing

Six-Month Prevalence of Mental Disorders and Service Contacts among Children and Youth in Ontario: Evidence from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):246-255

5 In alphabetical order: Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

Objectives: To present the 6-month prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders and mental health-related service contacts in a sample of children (4 to 11 years) and youth (12 to 17 years) in Ontario.

Methods: The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study is a provincially representative survey of 6537 families with children aged 4 to 17 years in Ontario. DSM-IV-TR mental disorders were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) and included mood (major depressive episode), anxiety (generalized anxiety, separation anxiety, social phobia, specific phobia), and behaviour disorders (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional-defiant disorder, conduct disorder). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719830024DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study-Methodology.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):237-245

5 (in alphabetical order) Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

Objective: To describe the methodology of the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study (OCHS): a province-wide, cross-sectional, epidemiologic study of child health and mental disorder among 4- to 17-year-olds living in household dwellings.

Method: Implemented by Statistics Canada, the 2014 OCHS was led by academic researchers at the Offord Centre for Child Studies (McMaster University). Eligible households included families with children aged 4 to 17 years, who were listed on the 2014 Canadian Child Tax Benefit File. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719833675DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

2014 Ontario Child Health Study Findings: Policy Implications for Canada.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr;64(4):227-231

10 (In alphabetical order) Tracie O. Afifi (University of Manitoba), William R. Avison (Western University), Kathryn Bennett (McMaster University), Terry Bennett (McMaster University), Khrista Boylan (McMaster University), Michael H. Boyle (McMaster University), Michelle Butt (McMaster University), John Cairney (University of Toronto), Corine Carlisle (University of Toronto), Kristin Cleverley (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Ian Colman (University of Ottawa), Jinette Comeau (King's University College at Western University), Charles Cunningham (McMaster University), Scott Davies (University of Toronto), Claire de Oliveira (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Melanie Dirks (McGill University), Eric Duku (McMaster University), Laura Duncan (McMaster University), Jim Dunn (McMaster University), Mark A. Ferro (University of Waterloo), Katholiki Georgiades (McMaster University), Stelios Georgiades (McMaster University), Andrea Gonzalez (McMaster University), Geoffrey Hall (McMaster University), Joanna Henderson (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto), Magdalena Janus (McMaster University), Jennifer Jenkins (University of Toronto), Melissa Kimber (McMaster University), Ellen Lipman (McMaster University), Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University), Ian Manion (Royal's Institute of Mental Health Research), John McLennan (University of Ottawa), Amelie Petitclerc (Northwestern University), Anne Rhodes (University of Toronto), Graham Reid (Western University), Peter Rosenbaum (McMaster University), Roberto Sassi (McMaster University), Louis Schmidt (McMaster University), Cody Shepherd (Simon Fraser University), Noam Soreni (McMaster University), Peter Szatmari (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Juliana Tobon (McMaster University), Ryan Van Lieshout (McMaster University), Charlotte Waddell (Simon Fraser University), Li Wang (McMaster University), Christine Wekerle (McMaster University).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719830033DOI Listing
April 2019
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Testing the Effectiveness of Implementing a Model of Mental Healthcare Involving Trained Lay Health Workers in Treating Major Mental Disorders Among Youth in a Conflict-Ridden, Low-Middle Income Environment: Part II Results.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 1:706743719839314. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

6 Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives:: To report the outcomes of young people (aged 14-30 years) treated for major mental disorders in a lay health worker (LHW) intervention model in a rural district of conflict-ridden Kashmir, India.

Methods:: Over a 12-month follow-up, LHWs collected data on symptoms, functioning, quality of life and disability, and patients' and families' service engagement and satisfaction.

Results:: Forty trained LHWs (18 males and 22 females) identified 262 individuals who met the criteria for a diagnosis of a major mental disorder, connected them with specialists for treatment initiation (within 14 days), and provided follow-up and support to patients and families. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743719839314
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719839314DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

A Model of Mental Health Care Involving Trained Lay Health Workers for Treatment of Major Mental Disorders Among Youth in a Conflict-Ridden, Low-Middle Income Environment: Part I Adaptation and Implementation.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27:706743719839318. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 Department of Psychiatry, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, McGill University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives:: In low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), major mental disorders often remain untreated because of barriers related to access and resources. In rural areas and in conflict-ridden regions, the problem can be exacerbated by increased rates of mental illness and by reduced access to care. This paper describes a project designed to provide mental health services for major mental disorders among youth using a low-cost model in a rural district of the troubled Kashmir valley. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719839318DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Reflections on the Life and Career of Émigré German-Canadian Psychiatrist Sebastian Klaus Littmann (1931-1986).

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 25:706743719839706. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

3 Doctoral School of History, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.

Objective:: This article explores the life and career of Sebastian K. Littmann. He was a foundational figure of the University of Calgary's Department of Psychiatry in his role as its second chair and, before this, as an influential administrator at Toronto's Queen Street Mental Health Centre and Clarke Institute during a transitional period in the 1970s-1980s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719839706DOI Listing

Chatbots and Conversational Agents in Mental Health: A Review of the Psychiatric Landscape.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21:706743719828977. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective:: The aim of this review was to explore the current evidence for conversational agents or chatbots in the field of psychiatry and their role in screening, diagnosis, and treatment of mental illnesses.

Methods:: A systematic literature search in June 2018 was conducted in PubMed, EmBase, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Web of Science, and IEEE Xplore. Studies were included that involved a chatbot in a mental health setting focusing on populations with or at high risk of developing depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar, and substance abuse disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719828977DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Service Users' Knowledge and Views on Outpatients' Compulsory Community Treatment Orders: A Cross-Sectional Matched Comparison Study.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 20:706743719828961. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

5 Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA), Toronto Branch, Factor-Inwentash Toronto, Ontario.

Objective:: Community treatment orders (CTOs) have been used in the treatment of some individuals with serious mental illness who fail to adhere to their psychiatric treatment, leading to frequent hospitalization. This article examines perceptions and knowledge of CTOs amongst outpatient service users in Toronto, Canada.

Method:: Service users under a CTO were matched to a comparison control group of voluntary outpatients ( n = 69 in each group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719828961DOI Listing

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): A Policy Perspective.

Authors:
Egon Jonsson

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar;64(3):161-163

1 Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718773706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405818PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Investing in Our Future: Importance of Postsecondary Student Mental Health Research.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Feb;64(2):79-81

2 Department of Psychiatry, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718819491DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405800PMC
February 2019

[Inflammatory Biomarkers and Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review of Literature].

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 26:706743719828970. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

2 Responsable de l'Unité de Psychiatrie Périnatale du CHU de Bicêtre, CESP, Inserm UMR1178, Univ Paris Sud, Service de Psychiatrie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.

Objective:: Postpartum Depression (PPD) affects over 15% new mothers. Its etiology is multifactorial and still partly unknown. Some hypotheses suggest a link with inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719828970DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Closed for Business? Using a Mixture Model to Explore the Supply of Psychiatric Care for New Patients.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 25:706743719828963. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

2 Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario.

Objective:: To investigate the degree to which psychiatrists are accessible to new outpatients and the factors that predict whether psychiatrists will see new outpatients.

Methods:: We used administrative health data on all practicing full-time psychiatrists in Ontario, Canada, over a 5-year period (2009-2010 to 2013-2014). We used a regression model to estimate the number of new outpatients seen, accounting for case mix, outpatient volume, and psychiatrist practice characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719828963DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Treatment Recommendations for Tardive Dyskinesia.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 21:706743719828968. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

1 Neurosciences Research Centre, Molecular and Clinical Sciences Institute, St George's University of London, London, UK.

Background:: Tardive dyskinesia is a movement disorder characterised by irregular, stereotyped, and choreiform movements associated with the use of antipsychotic medication. We aim to provide recommendations on the treatment of tardive dyskinesia.

Methods:: We performed a systematic review of studies of the treatment of tardive dyskinesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719828968DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Practical Aspects of Animal Models of Psychiatric Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan;64(1):3-4

2 Neurochemical Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718771833DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364137PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Current and Common Definitions of Treatment-Resistant Depression: Findings from a Systematic Review and Qualitative Interviews.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 14:706743719828965. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta.

Objective:: No universal definition for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) exists. This lack of consensus reduces the generalizability of study findings and limits the ability to study TRD. In addition, anecdotally, there may be a difference between the definitions of TRD within research and those applied in practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743719828965DOI Listing
February 2019

Gender Differences in Research Productivity among Academic Psychiatrists in Canada.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 7:706743718802798. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

2 Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

Objectives:: Gender inequity in academic medicine persists despite increases in the number of women physicians. We sought to explore gender differences in research productivity for academic psychiatrists in Canada.

Methods:: In a cross-sectional study of the 3379 psychiatrists in all 17 university departments of psychiatry in Canada, research productivity, as measured by the h-index and number of publications, was compared between women and men using a negative log binomial regression model to generate relative rates (RRs), adjusted for career duration (aRR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718802798DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

The Impact of Housing First on Criminal Justice Outcomes among Homeless People with Mental Illness: A Systematic Review.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 6:706743718815902. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

3 Institut national de psychiatrie légale Philippe-Pinel, Quebec.

Objective:: Housing First is increasingly put forward as an important component of a pragmatic plan to end homelessness. The literature evaluating the impact of Housing First on criminal justice involvement has not yet been systematically examined. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the impact of Housing First on criminal justice outcomes among homeless people with mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718815902DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Cannabis Use for Medicinal Purposes among Canadian University Students.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 2:706743718818420. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

6 Alberta Health Services, Alberta.

Objective:: The study sought to describe a Canadian sample of university students' medicinal use of cannabis, including prevalence of cannabis use disorder (CUD) and replacement of traditional treatments with cannabis.

Method:: A random sample of 4000 university students was asked to complete a cross-sectional web-based survey. The survey was completed by 2212 (average age 23. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718818420
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718818420DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The Psychometric Properties of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) in an Epidemiological Sample of Canadian Youth.

Authors:
Mark A Ferro

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 2:706743718818414. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

1 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Ontario.

Objective:: This study (1) describes the distribution of Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) scores in an epidemiological sample of youth, (2) reports its item correlations and internal consistency reliability, (3) tests for measurement invariance by age (youth vs. adults) and sex, and (4) examines its predictive power for past-year psychiatric disorders.

Method:: Youth aged 15 to 19 years ( n = 2010) and adults aged 20 to 64 years ( n = 2010) from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health who completed the K6 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718818414DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Incidence and Management of Clozapine-Induced Myocarditis in a Large Tertiary Hospital.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 1:706743718816058. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

1 Pharmacy Department, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Objective:: Clozapine, an antipsychotic reserved for management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia, is associated with severe adverse effects, including myocarditis. This study aims to determine the incidence of clozapine-induced myocarditis at a large tertiary hospital compared to what is reported in the literature.

Methods:: Medical records of adult patients admitted to psychiatry units receiving clozapine between January 1, 2010, and July 31, 2016, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718816058DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Comorbidity Patterns of Psychiatric Conditions in Canadian Armed Forces Personnel.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 1:706743718816057. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

4 MacDonald/Franklin OSI Research Centre, London, Ontario.

Objective:: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often accompanied by other mental health conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD), substance misuse disorders, and anxiety disorders. The objective of the current study is to delineate classes of comorbidity and investigate predictors of comorbidity classes amongst a sample of Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Force personnel.

Methods:: Latent class analyses (LCAs) were applied to cross-sectional data obtained between April and August 2013 from a nationally representative random sample of 6700 CAF Regular Force personnel who deployed to the mission in Afghanistan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718816057DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads
2.551 Impact Factor

The Mental Health of Young Canadians Who Are Not Working or in School.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 30:706743718815899. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

1 Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.

Objective:: Recent studies suggest that youth who have a mental health problem are more likely to be NEET-not in education, employment, or training-but findings remain mixed, and evidence from Canada is limited. We examined this association across a range of mental and substance disorders in a representative sample of Canadian youth.

Method:: Data were from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health ( n = 5622; ages 15-29). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718815899DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Health, Social, Education, and Justice Outcomes of Manitoba First Nations Children Diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Population-Based Cohort Study of Linked Administrative Data.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 30:706743718816064. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

1 Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Objective:: To examine health services, social services, education, and justice system outcomes among First Nations children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

Methods:: In this retrospective cohort study, health and social services, education, and justice data were linked with clinical records on First Nations (FN) individuals aged 1 to 25 and diagnosed with FASD between 1999 and 2010 ( n = 743). We compared the FN FASD group to non-FN individuals with FASD (non-FN FASD; n = 315) and to First Nations individuals (matched on age, sex, and income) not diagnosed with FASD (FN non-FASD; n = 2229). Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718816064
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718816064DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Development and Evaluation of a Recovery College Fidelity Measure.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 30:706743718815893. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

1 School of Health Sciences, Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Objective:: Recovery Colleges are widespread, with little empirical research on their key components. This study aimed to characterize key components of Recovery Colleges and to develop and evaluate a developmental checklist and a quantitative fidelity measure.

Methods:: Key components were identified through a systematized literature review, international expert consultation ( n = 77), and semistructured interviews with Recovery College managers across England ( n = 10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718815893DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

[Prevalence and associated factors of depression symptoms in fathers of children aged 6 months to 17 years in Québec].

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Dec 13:706743718815882. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

2 Département de psychoéducation et de psychologie, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives:: In fathers, depression symptoms experienced during pregnancy and after childbirth represent a depression risk factor during the child first months. Since depression can have a huge impact on their subsequent involvement with the child, this issue is worrisome and requires consideration. Until now, however, few studies have dealt with paternal depression and its determinants beyond the perinatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718815882DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Persistent Depression: Should Such a DSM-5 Diagnostic Category Persist?

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 19;64(3):177-179. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

3 CADE Clinic, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718814429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405812PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Access and Health System Impact of an Early Intervention Treatment Program for Emerging Adults with Mood and Anxiety Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 12:706743718809347. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

2 Department of Psychiatry, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, Toronto, Ontario.

Objectives:: Early intervention programs are effective for improving outcomes in first-episode psychosis; however, less is known about their effectiveness for mood and anxiety disorders. We sought to evaluate the impact of an early intervention program for emerging adults with mood and anxiety disorders in the larger health system context, relative to standard care.

Methods:: Using health administrative data, we constructed a retrospective cohort of cases of mood and anxiety disorders among emerging adults aged 16 to 25 years in the catchment of the First Episode Mood and Anxiety Program (FEMAP) in London, Ontario, between 2009 and 2014. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718809347
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718809347DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Outcome of Psychoanalytic and Cognitive-Behavioural Long-Term Therapy with Chronically Depressed Patients: A Controlled Trial with Preferential and Randomized Allocation.

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Jan 1;64(1):47-58. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

2 University Medical Center, Mainz, Germany.

Objective:: For chronic depression, the effectiveness of brief psychotherapy has been limited. This study is the first comparing the effectiveness of long-term cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and long-term psychoanalytic therapy (PAT) of chronically depressed patients and the effects of preferential or randomized allocation.

Methods:: A total of 252 adults met the inclusion criteria (aged 21-60 years, major depression, dysthymia, double depression for at least 24 months, Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms [QIDS] >9, Beck Depression Inventory II [BDI] >17, informed consent, not meeting exclusion criteria). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718780340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364135PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Migrations Matrimoniales: Facteurs de Risque en Santé Mentale.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 31:706743718802800. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

2 Université Nuh Naci Yazgan, Kayseri, Turquie.

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October 2018
1 Read

The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) Part I: A Checklist for Dimensional Measurement of Selected DSM-5 Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 30:706743718808250. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

1 Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.

Objectives:: To describe the development and psychometric properties of the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) for dimensional measurement of 7 disorders based on criteria from the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM-5).

Methods:: Scale items were selected by agreement among 19 child psychologists and psychiatrists rating the correspondence between item descriptions and DSM-5 symptoms. Psychometric evaluation of the item properties and parent/caregiver and youth scales came from a general population study of 10,802 children and youth aged 4 to 17 years in 6537 families. Read More

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October 2018
13 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

The 2014 Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) Part II: Psychometric Adequacy for Categorical Measurement of Selected DSM-5 Disorders.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 30:706743718808251. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

1 Offord Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.

Objectives:: To compare the reliability and convergent validity of parent assessments from the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID -a structured diagnostic interview) and the Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scales (OCHS-EBS) symptom checklist for classifying conduct disorder (CD), conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder (CD-ODD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and separation anxiety disorder (SAD) based on DSM-5 criteria.

Methods:: Data came from 283 parent-youth dyads aged 9 to 18 years. Parents and youth completed the assessments separately on 2 different occasions 7 to 14 days apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718808251DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads
2.550 Impact Factor

The Effect of Age of Initiation of Cannabis Use on Psychosis, Depression, and Anxiety among Youth under 25 Years.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29:706743718809339. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario.

Objectives:: This study was conducted to review the current state of evidence on the association between age of initiation of cannabis use and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety among youth under 25 years of age.

Methods:: We conducted a systematic review of articles published prior to March 2018 by searching OVID MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and the references of included studies. We included comparative studies (cohort, case-control, cross-sectional) that reported on cannabis use in persons <25 years of age (exposure) and symptoms of psychosis, depression, or anxiety (outcome). Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718809339
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718809339DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Early Risk Factors for Daily Cannabis Use in Young Adults.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29:706743718804541. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 Centre de recherche du centre hospitalier de l`Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Montreal, Quebec.

Objectives:: Daily cannabis use can portend problematic use or dependence. We aimed to identify early risk factors for daily cannabis use in young adults.

Methods:: Data were available in a longitudinal investigation of 1294 grade 7 students age 12 to 13 years at inception recruited in 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, in 1999. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718804541DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Traffic Violations among Young People with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Oct 28:706743718809340. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

1 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario.

Background:: Evidence whether individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for traffic violations/collisions is mixed. This study investigated the association between ADHD and traffic violations among youth and young adults; examined whether this association differed by age, sex, or comorbid mental or physical problems; and modelled factors associated with traffic violations among individuals with ADHD.

Methods:: Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH), a cross-sectional epidemiological study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718809340DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

In Memoriam: Dr. Roger Bland, 1937-2018.

Authors:
Scott Patten

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 25;64(3):159-160. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, Cuthbertson and Fischer Chair in Pediatric Mental Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718811026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405813PMC
March 2019
1 Read

[Clinical profile of adolescents being treated for problematic internet use].

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 2;64(2):136-144. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

4 Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé, Université de Sherbrooke (Campus de Longueuil), Longueuil, Quebec, Canada.

Objectives:: This study highlights the clinical profile of adolescents having consulted with an addiction treatment center (ATC) in Québec for a problematic internet use (PIU) to develop knowledge about these specific clients and precisely target their needs relative to treatment.

Method:: The study was conducted with 80 adolescents between ages 14 and 17 (M = 15.59) who had consulted with an ACT for a PIU. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0706743718800698
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718800698DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405807PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Adherence to and Persistence with Antidepressant Medication during Pregnancy: Does It Differ by the Class of Antidepressant Medication Prescribed?

Can J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 25;64(3):199-208. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

1 Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objective:: Pregnant women are often concerned about the impact of medication use on their pregnancy, such as congenital abnormalities. This study examined the rate of adherence to and persistence with antidepressant medications during pregnancy based on the class of antidepressants prescribed.

Methods:: Women who gave birth between 2012 and 2015 in Alberta, Canada; had ≥1 diagnosis of depression within 1 year of preconception in outpatient physician claims, emergency department, or hospitalization administrative data; and were adherent (medication possession ratio ≥80%) to ≥2 consecutive antidepressant prescriptions during the preconception year ( n = 1865) were included in this retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718802809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405814PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The Public Cost of Mental Health- and Addiction-Related Services for Youth (Ages 12-17) in Alberta.

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Aug 29:706743718795676. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

2 Department of Psychiatry, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec.

Objective: To measure the provincial government cost of mental health-related activities for youth ages 12 to 17 in Alberta in 2014 to 2015.

Methods: The target population was Alberta youth ages 12 to 17 (the federal justice definition) who received or were funded for mental health-related or complementary services from Alberta Health Services, Alberta Health, Alberta Human Services, Alberta Justice and Solicitor General, and Alberta Education (public schools). Data on services and expenditures were obtained from each source for the target youth population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718795676DOI Listing
August 2018
21 Reads

Men's Mental Health: Beyond Victim-Blaming.

Authors:
Rob Whitley

Can J Psychiatry 2018 Sep;63(9):577-580

1 Department of Psychiatry, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0706743718758041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109881PMC
September 2018
1 Read