596 results match your criteria Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la medecine[Journal]


The Greater Good: Agency and Inoculation in the British Army, 1914-18.

Authors:
Simon H Walker

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):131-157. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of History, University of Strathclyde.

As the First World War progressed, rates of typhoid diminished. This was heralded as a triumph of sanitary improvement and disease protection; yet as to how the British military achieved this remains a contentious issue. Objections arose around the danger of inoculation and the unpleasant and potentially deadly side effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.280-082018DOI Listing

Medical History as Fine Art in American Mural Painting of the 1930s.

Authors:
Bert Hansen

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):80-111. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Professor Emeritus of History, Baruch College of the City University of New York.

To illuminate popular notions of medical progress during the inter-war era, this article examines four large mural projects depicting medical history. Aside from portraits of individual medical heroes, such as Pasteur and Lister, artists also created imagery strongly contrasting traditional and modern medicine in general. This analysis features the works of four stylistically distinct artists (Bernard Zakheim, Charles Alston, William C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.246-012018DOI Listing

Les expertises dans l'affaire Lafarge ou la fabrique du doute.

Authors:
Nicolas Sueur

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):158-183. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Laboratoire de Recherches historiques Rhône Alpes, Institut des Sciences de l'Homme.

This paper focuses on the role of expertise in the trial of Marie Lafarge, accused of poisoning and killing her husband Charles Pouch-Lafarge on 14 January 1840. Historians have argued that testimonial evidence remained dominant in French criminal law throughout the nineteenth century, thus minimizing the part taken by expert testimony. Lafarge's case provides an opportunity to revisit this claim. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.247-022018DOI Listing

University of Alberta Hospital Acute and Convalescent Polio Care and the Reintegration of Polio Patients into Albertan Communities, 1953-80.

Authors:
Geraldine Huynh

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):112-130. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta.

Following Canada's largest polio epidemic in 1953, Station 67 at the University of Alberta Hospital (UAH) in Edmonton became home to patients who contracted the virus. As young as nine years old, some of these patients lived at the UAH for more than three decades. Akin to wartime services, the epidemic banded together families, patients, doctors, nurses, community members, and later respiratory, physical, and occupational therapists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.249-022018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

L'auto-expérimentation athlétique du docteur Fernand Lagrange (1880-1900).

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):27-50. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Université de Limoges.

This article examines the efforts of Dr. Fernand Lagrange to establish the study of the physiology of exercise on a scientific basis. As a sports enthusiast and physician, Lagrande was inspired by the efforts of Claude Bernard and Étienne-Jules Marey to use his own body as a source of experimentation and methodical observation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.283-082018DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

"Snips and Snails and Puppy Dog Tails": Boys and Behaviour in the USA.

Authors:
Matthew Smith

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):51-79. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Matthew Smith - Department of History, University of Strathclyde.

In and , Mark Twain introduced two of the most iconic boys in American literature. Tom and Huck become heroic figures, despite their penchant for bad behaviour. Indeed, it is their propensity to be impulsive, break rules and defy authority that win them the day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.236-112017DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

"Everything Possible Is Being Done": Labour, Mobility, and the Organization of Health Services in Mid-20 Century Newfoundland.

Authors:
Peter L Twohig

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):1-26. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of History, Saint Mary's University.

This article is the Presidential Address to the 2018 meeting of the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine at the University of Regina. It examines the organization of the nursing service in Newfoundland during the 1950s and 1960s, as well as the recruitment and retention of nurses in cottage hospitals and nursing stations in outport communities. A number of interconnected strategies were used by the Newfoundland government to staff the nursing service, including recruiting internationally educated nurses, adjusting expectations with respect to registration standards, and using both trained and untrained workers to support nurses' labour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.286-092018DOI Listing

« Imaginaire et sensibilités » : la mise en récit de la déshospitalisation psychiatrique en Ontario.

Can Bull Med Hist 2019 22;36(1):184-193. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Faculté des sciences de la santé, Université d'Ottawa.

This paper proposes a historiographical discussion based on the article « Les contrecoups de la déshospitalisation psychiatrique. L'exemple du parcours transinstitutionel de Françoise ». Françoise's transinstitutional journey presented in the collective publication , gives me the opportunity to reveal the subtext of this article, and to describe the method and the historical reasoning that gave life to the psychiatric journey of an anonymous person named Françoise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.263-062018DOI Listing

Mrs. Robinson's Revenge: Pete Seeger, Earl Robinson, and the Medicare Protest Song.

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 ;35(2):413-436

Department of Oncology, Queen's University.

In 1962, Pete Seeger recorded "The Ballad of Doctor Dearjohn" about Canadian Medicare and the Saskatchewan doctors' strike of the same year. How had this New Yorker, recently relieved of a jail sentence, learned of Medicare in the distant prairie province? And why was his song never released? This article traces the ballad's fortunes through the papers of composer Earl Robinson (University of Washington) and the archives of the American Medical Association. It is situated in the historiography of folk revival and the expatriate adventures of artistic Americans persecuted in the McCarthy era. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.243-122017DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Despite Being "Known, Highly Promiscuous and Active": Presumed Heterosexuality in the USPHS's STD Inoculation Study, 1946-48.

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 1;35(2):337-356. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of History, Queen's University.

The Sexually Transmitted Disease Inoculation Study of the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) was a short-term deliberate exposure experiment into the prevention of venereal diseases. Between 1946 and 1948, over 1,300 Guatemalan prisoners, psychiatric patients, soldiers, and sex workers were exposed to syphilis, gonorrhoea, and chancroid. USPHS researchers initially proposed hiring sex workers to "naturally" transmit venereal diseases to male subjects who would then be given various prophylaxes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.235-112017DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Mrs. Robinson's Revenge: Pete Seeger, Earl Robinson, and the Medicare Protest Song.

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 Oct 1:1-24. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Oncology, Queen's University.

In 1962, Pete Seeger recorded "The Ballad of Doctor Dearjohn" about Canadian Medicare and the Saskatchewan doctors' strike of the same year. How had this New Yorker, recently relieved of a jail sentence, learned of Medicare in the distant prairie province? And why was his song never released? This paper traces the ballad's fortunes through the papers of composer Earl Robinson (University of Washington) and the archives of the American Medical Association. It is situated in the historiography of folk revival and the expatriate adventures of artistic Americans persecuted in the McCarthy era. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.243-012018DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

From Improving Egos to Perfecting Smiles: Orthodontics and Psychology, 1945-2000.

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 1;35(2):309-336. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of History, University of Guelph.

From World War II to the end of 20 century, the types of patients undergoing orthodontic treatment and their reasons for doing so changed significantly. In the 1950s and 1960s, Canadian parents were told that orthodontics would "cure" inferiority complexes and protect children with crooked teeth, especially girls, from a life of delinquency and missed opportunities. By the last two decades of the 20 century, the consumer health movement and rising incomes empowered patients to decide which treatments were right for them, and an increasing number of adult patients sought orthodontic treatment to improve their appearance. Read More

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https://utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/cbmh.237-112017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.237-112017DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Savoir rire entre les lignes : matérialisme médical et « hiéropsychologie » dans la Revue de l'hypnotisme (1887-1910).

Authors:
Vincent Guillin

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 1;35(2):373-412. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Département de philosophie, Université du Québec à Montréal.

Laughter played a crucial strategic role in the fight against clericalism and religion in France during the second half of the 19 century and the first half of the 20 century. The cultural output from this polemical use of laughter is contrasted with a "scholarly literature," which fought against religion in a radically different manner that featured reason facing obscurantism and prejudice. Drawing on a study of the contributions dealing with "the psychology of religion" or "hieropsychology" published in the Revue de l'hypnotisme, I will try to show that there also exists a "scholarly ridicule," the forms, codes, and uses of which are characteristic of the anticlerical laughter associated with "medical materialism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.245-012018DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Disappearing Acts: Anguish, Isolation, and the Re-imagining of the Mentally Ill in Global Psychopharmaceutical Advertising (1953-2005).

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 1;35(2):247-277. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Health, Aging, and Society, McMaster University.

The visualization of mental illness has attracted substantial attention from scholars in recent decades. Due to the invisible nature of mental disorders, this work has stressed the importance of representations in shaping perceptions of mental illness. In the second half of the 20 century, advertisements for psychopharmaceutical medications became important avenues through which mental illness was made visible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.231-112017DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

"Hotel Refuses Negro Nurse": Gloria Clarke Baylis and the Queen Elizabeth Hotel.

Authors:
Karen Flynn

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 1;35(2):278-308. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Departments of Gender and Women's Studies and African American Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

On 2 September 1964, one day after the Act Respecting Discrimination in Employment was introduced in Quebec, Gloria Clarke Baylis, a British-trained Caribbean migrant nurse, inquired about a permanent part-time nursing position at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel (QEH). In response, she was told that the position had already been filled. Less than a year later, Gloria appeared as the key witness in Her Majesty the Queen, Complainant v. Read More

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https://utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/cbmh.256-042018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.256-042018DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Veterinarians at the Connaught Medical Research Laboratories, 1931-72.

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 21;35(2):357-382. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph.

This study traces the changing mission of the University of Toronto's Connaught Medical Research Laboratories regarding the health of animals. We argue that the early work of Connaught's veterinarians in the 1930s and 1940s focused on the care for experimental animals as well as lending veterinary knowledge to problems in human medicine and public health. This gave way to a more direct focus on veterinary products after the Second World War. Read More

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https://utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/cbmh.239-112017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.239-112017DOI Listing
September 2018
17 Reads

Psychiatry in American Medical Education: The Case of Harvard's Medical School, 1900-1945.

Authors:
Tara H Abraham

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 16;35(1):63-93. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of History, University of Guelph.

As American psychiatrists moved from the asylum to the private clinic during the early twentieth century, psychiatry acquired a growing presence within medical school curricula. This shift in disciplinary status took place at a time when medical education itself was experiencing a period of reform. By examining medical school registers at Harvard University, records from the Dean's office of Harvard's medical school, and oral histories, this paper examines the rise in prominence of psychiatry in medical education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.210-062017DOI Listing

When Ernest Jones First Arrived in Toronto; or, Reappraising the Bruce Letter.

Authors:
Philip Kuhn

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 16;35(1):94-136. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Independent Scholar.

In July 1962, Toronto-based surgeon, Herbert Bruce, wrote a private and confidential letter to social worker and historian Cyril Greenland with some memories and impressions of Sigmund Freud's lifelong friend and biographer, Ernest Jones, in Toronto (1908-1913). In the letter, Bruce described Jones as a "sexual pervert." Despite Bruce's condemnation of Jones, historians and biographers have largely ignored his controversial memories of Jones in Toronto. Read More

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https://utpjournals.press/doi/10.3138/cbmh.211-072017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.211-072017DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

The Healing Arts and Social Capital: The Paston Women of Fifteenth-Century England.

Authors:
Ashlee Barwell

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 16;35(1):137-159. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of History, York University.

In late-medieval England, women's informal and gratis healthcare services helped them to accumulate and recompense social capital, which improved their families' and their own status and resources. Given the precariousness of health, special skills in the healing arts had a particular power to create a sense of gratitude and obligation. Evidence comes from the 15th-century letter collection of the Pastons, an ambitious gentry family from Norfolk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.214-082017DOI Listing

Ethopathology and Civilization Diseases: Niko and Elisabeth Tinbergen on Autism.

Authors:
Marga Vicedo

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 16;35(1):1-31. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology University of Toronto.

The idea that some diseases result from a poor fit between modern life and our biological make-up is part of the long history of what historian of medicine Charles Rosenberg has called the "progress-and-pathology narrative." This article examines a key episode in that history: 1973 Nobel laureate Niko Tinbergen's use of an evolutionary framework to identify autism as a pathogenic effect of progress. Influenced by British psychiatrist John Bowlby's work, Tinbergen and his wife Elisabeth saw autistic children as victims of environmental stress caused mainly by mothers' failure to bond with their children and to protect them from conflicting situations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.191-122016DOI Listing

Female Gynecologists and Their Birth Control Clinics: Eugenics in Practice in 1920s-1930s China.

Authors:
Mirela David

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 16;35(1):32-62. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of History, University of Saskatchewan.

Yang Chao Buwei, the first Chinese translator of Margaret Sanger's What Every Girl Should Know, was the first female gynecologist to open up a birth control clinic in China. By the 1930s, other female gynecologists, like Guo Taihua, had internalized and combined national and eugenic concerns of race regeneration to focus on the control of women's reproduction. This symbiosis between racial regeneration and birth control is best seen in Yang Chongrui's integration of birth control into her national hygiene program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.200-022017DOI Listing

Dr. Polio: Revisiting FDR's Medical Legacy.

Can Bull Med Hist 2018 22;35(1):160-192. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

Department of Anaesthesia, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP), the March of Dimes, and the Georgia Warm Springs Resort were reflections of Franklin D. Roosevelt's (FDR) complicated and personal relationship with polio. Between 1934 and 1957, significant advances were made in the care of polio survivors, and new and innovative medical fields gained both public attention and funding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cbmh.192-122016DOI Listing
September 2017
14 Reads