6,781 results match your criteria Canadian Journal of Public Health [Journal]


Potential harms from legalization of recreational cannabis use in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada.

With the recent legalization of recreational cannabis use in Canada, questions remain concerning optimal regulation to minimize harms and ensure public health and safety. Patterns of use are subject to change following legalization, and it is important to consider the potential adverse effects that this may have on public health. Important areas of consideration are methods of consumption (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-00173-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Annual trends in prevalence and incidence of autism spectrum disorders in Manitoba preschoolers and toddlers: 2004-2015.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

College of Pharmacy, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 750 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0T5, Canada.

Objectives: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are among the leading causes of disabilities in children. We examined the annual prevalence and incidence rate of ASD between 2004 and 2015 in children aged 1 to 5 years residing in Manitoba.

Methods: A population-based study was conducted using the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00181-9DOI Listing
February 2019

A "buck a beer," but at what cost to public health?

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

World Health Organization/Pan American Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Alcohol use leads to a substantial number of hospitalizations, and to increased health and social harms as well as economic costs in Ontario and across Canada. The effects of alcohol price changes on consumption and resulting harms have been firmly established; changes in the minimum price of alcohol have the greatest effect on consumption among people who for reasons of affordability consume low-priced alcoholic beverages, typically adolescents, people with lower socio-economic status, and people with harmful alcohol use. Decreases in inflation-adjusted minimum pricing in British Columbia from 2002 to 2006 have been associated with increases in deaths wholly attributable to alcohol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00184-6DOI Listing
February 2019

"It's not a food issue; it's an income issue": using Nutritious Food Basket costing for health equity advocacy.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Geography and Planning, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada.

Objectives: Ontario's public health units (PHUs) face considerable challenges in addressing the social determinants of health, even though "reducing health inequities" is a primary population health outcome in the Ontario Public Health Standards (OPHS). Since 1998, the OPHS mandated PHUs to use the Nutritious Food Basket (NFB) protocol to document food costs, a requirement that was removed in 2018. This study examined how the NFB advanced health equity advocacy by Ontario PHUs, and why some have used this tool more strategically than others. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00185-5DOI Listing
February 2019

The relationship between bullying behaviours in childhood and physician-diagnosed internalizing disorders.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

School of Public Health, 3-300 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, University of Alberta, 11405 - 87 Ave, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1C9, Canada.

Objective: Bullying and its potential consequence for poor mental health constitutes a public health concern, yet there is a dearth of longitudinal studies examining the topic. This study examines the temporal relationship between childhood bullying behaviours (being a victim, being a bully, or being a bully and a victim) and physician-diagnosed internalizing disorders over a 7-year timespan.

Methods: Data from the 2003 Children's Lifestyle and School performance Study (CLASS), a population-based health survey of grade 5 students in Nova Scotia, Canada were linked to administrative health-care records to examine the relationship between bullying behaviours and services where a physician diagnosis of an internalizing disorder (ID) was received. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-019-00179-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00179-3DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Supervised inhalation is an important part of supervised consumption services.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

ARCHES, 1016 1 Avenue S, Lethbridge, AB, T1J 0B1, Canada.

Setting: The first regulated supervised inhalation site (safer smoking room) in North America has opened in Lethbridge, Alberta, as part of a supervised consumption site addressing all routes of consumption. When designing the service, we felt it was important to accommodate not just injection drug use but also inhalation because (1) it is not the method of drug use that kills but the drug itself, (2) all people who use drugs deserve service regardless of their mode of use, and (3) people who use drugs should have the opportunity to use the method with the lowest risk.

Intervention: We received approval from Health Canada to offer supervised inhalation services in addition to supervised injection services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00180-wDOI Listing
February 2019

The challenge of pollution and health in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

BC Children's Hospital, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada.

The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health, which conducted a comprehensive assessment of the health and economic impacts of key forms of toxic pollutants in air, water, and soil, estimated that 9 million people die annually from the impact of pollution, which represents 16% of all deaths worldwide. Over 90% of these pollution-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. While Canada ranks seventh lowest in the world, the burden is still too high; many pollutants were not considered in the Commission's work, and vulnerable populations-including the poor, women, children, and Indigenous peoples-are disproportionally affected by pollution in Canada. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-019-00175-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00175-7DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Stay in or play out? The influence of weather conditions on physical activity of grade 5 children in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Objectives: Regular physical activity (PA) in children is essential for their development and prevention of overweight and obesity. Little is known about the effect of day-to-day variations in weather conditions on PA levels in school-aged children, particularly with regard to school compared to non-school days and girls compared to boys.

Methods: Daily step count (7:00 a. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00176-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing the strength of secondary school tobacco policies of schools in the COMPASS study and the association to student smoking behaviours.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: The school environment is an ideal setting to introduce policies to prevent smoking behaviour. However, there may be variability in the strength of school board and secondary school tobacco policies, which may affect student smoking behaviours. This study assessed the strength of a sample of school board and secondary school tobacco policies and examined the association with student smoking behaviours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00178-4DOI Listing
January 2019

Towards 'smart cities' as 'healthy cities': health equity in a digital age.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada.

The advent of 'smart' technologies has already transformed urban life, with important consequences for physical, mental, and social well-being. Population health and equity have, however, been conspicuously absent from much of the 'smart cities' research and policy agenda. With this in mind, we argue for a re-conceptualization of 'digital divides' in terms of socio-economic gradients at the individual level, and we draw attention to digitally mediated connections as crucial elements for health promotion at an institutional level and for remedying inequities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00177-5DOI Listing
January 2019

The calorie counter-intuitive effect of restaurant menu calorie labelling.

Authors:
Laura McGeown

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychology, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Rd, Thunder Bay, Ontario, P7B 5E1, Canada.

As of January 1, 2017, the Healthy Menu Choices Act mandates that food service premises with 20 or more locations in Ontario must display the number of calories in every food item sold on menus. The impetus for this legislation was to enable Ontarians to become aware of the calorie content of foods and beverages consumed outside the home, and make healthier dietary choices while dining out. Though arising as an initiative to attenuate the development of obesity and current obesity rates, evidence suggests menu labelling does not significantly alter individuals' food choices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00183-7DOI Listing
January 2019

Staying true to Rowan's Law: how changing sport culture can realize the goal of the legislation.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

St. Michael's Hospital - Neurosurgery, 30 Bond St, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Rowan's Law was recently introduced into Ontario legislation following the death of Rowan Stringer, a young rugby player for whom a string of head injuries culminated in her death. The law mandates the removal from play of any youth athlete suspected to have a concussion and makes concussion education mandatory for certain individuals involved with youth sport. This commentary addresses the larger issues within sport culture that may limit the effectiveness of the law, and describes how awareness alone is not sufficient to generate change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00174-8DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Program implementation and effectiveness of a national workplace physical activity intervention: UPnGO with ParticipACTION.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Intervention: UPnGO with ParticipACTION (UPnGO) is a 6-week workplace physical activity (PA) initiative aiming to increase habitual PA (steps) during the workday. Core intervention components included (1) self-monitoring of steps and action planning behaviours using a Web/mobile app with incentives and (2) organizational support, which included senior management's role modeling and endorsement of the program.

Research Question: What is the effectiveness and levels of implementation of the UPnGO intervention? What is the relationship between effectiveness and levels of implementation?

Methods: A single-arm, pre-/post-test study design was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0170-2DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Municipal transportation policy as a population health intervention: estimating the impact of the City of Ottawa Transportation Master Plan on diabetes incidence.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.

Intervention: Physical inactivity is an important behavioral risk factor for chronic disease in Canada. Individual-level strategies are used in clinical medicine to target individuals for preventive intervention based on one or more risk factors. In contrast, this study examines the impact of a population-level intervention: a municipal policy outside the healthcare sector that influences the built and social environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0168-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Les aliments ultra-transformés, un concept utile pour la santé publique : Ultra-processed foods, a useful concept for public health.

Authors:
Louise Potvin

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb;110(1):1-3

École de santé publique et Institut de recherche en santé publique, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0172-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The successful scale-up of direct-acting antiviral hepatitis C treatments will benefit from concerted investments in implementation science.

Authors:
Rod Knight Mint Ti

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

The introduction of highly efficacious direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment therapeutics presents new opportunities to both directly reduce chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence and prevent the onward transmission of HCV. To achieve the equitable scale-up of DAA interventions at the population level, however, reductions in HCV incidence and prevalence must be achieved among entire populations of people living with HCV-all in "real-world" conditions. In this commentary, we describe five problem areas that will benefit from new investments in implementation science in order to inform the scale-up of DAA interventions: (1) New evidence is needed to optimize the integration of DAA treatments into generalist models of care; (2) DAA scale-up needs to be adaptive to the needs of highly diverse and large populations living with HCV who will benefit from DAA interventions; (3) we need to do better at measuring and responding to features of implementation context; (4) costs need to be explicitly assessed in "real time"; and (5) new research-community-practice partnerships are needed to inform evolving HCV testing, treatment and prevention guidelines, policies, and programs. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0164-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0164-0DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Variability in ambient ozone and fine particle concentrations and population susceptibility among Canadian health regions.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Air Quality Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, 4905 Dufferin St, 4th Floor, Office 4S310, Toronto, ON, M3H 5T4, Canada.

Objectives: To estimate the proportion of the Canadian population that is more susceptible to adverse effects of ozone (O) and fine particle (PM) air pollution exposure and how this varies by health region alongside ambient concentrations of O and PM.

Methods: Using data from the census, the Canadian Community Health Survey, vital statistics and published literature, we generated cross-sectional estimates for 2014 of the proportions of the Canadian population considered more susceptible due to age, chronic disease, pregnancy, outdoor work, socio-economic status, and diet. We also estimated 2010-2012 average concentrations of O and PM. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0169-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0169-8DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Why public health matters today more than ever: the convergence of health and social policy.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Flinders Social Work, College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, 5001, Australia.

We argue that public health matters more today than ever because it is uniquely positioned as a meeting point or fulcrum between health care and social welfare policy perspectives on the social determinants of health. It combines a grounding in the sciences of biomedicine and epidemiology with the moral imperatives of social advocacy. Health cannot be delivered through health care policy alone and neither can social welfare policy ensure the well-being of all citizens on its own. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0171-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0171-1DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

A call for integrated foot care and amputation prevention pathways for patients with diabetes and peripheral arterial disease across Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michaels Hospital, 30 Bond Street, 7-080 Bond Wing, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1W8, Canada.

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0166-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0166-yDOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Influence of physical activity, screen time and sleep on inmates' body weight during incarceration in Canadian federal penitentiaries: a retrospective cohort study.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Recent research found that inmates experience undesirable and rapid weight gain during incarceration in Canadian federal penitentiaries. However, little is known about what factors and daily movement behaviours (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0165-zDOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Peer engagement barriers and enablers: insights from people who use drugs in British Columbia, Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

BC Centre for Disease Control, 655 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 4R4, Canada.

Objectives: Globally, engaging people who have used drugs, or peers, in decision-making has been increasingly touted as a best practice approach to developing priorities, programs, and policies. Peer engagement ensures decisions are relevant, appropriate, and effective to the affected community. However, ensuring that inclusion is accessible and equitable for those involved remains a challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0167-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Public health should promote co-operative housing and cohousing.

Can J Public Health 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

BC Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, Canada.

In promoting healthier built environments, attention worldwide has focused largely on streetscapes and recreational spaces, with less regard given to housing form, in particular to the health effects of communal housing. Research demonstrates that communal housing models, such as cohousing and co-operative housing, promote social inclusion, and increase the perceived well-being and mental and physical health of residents, particularly of seniors. In Canada, relative to other countries, there is a paucity of evidence for the health effects of co-operatives and cohousing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0163-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Impacts of im/migration experience on work stress among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Centre for Gender & Sexual Health Equity, St. Paul's Hospital, 608-1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada.

Objectives: Despite the precarious and unsafe working conditions frequently experienced by sex workers (SWs) and im/migrant workers, there remains a paucity of research on work-related stress and links to duration of im/migration residency among SWs. This study analyzes the relationship between duration of residency and two dimensions of work stress among SWs in Metro Vancouver.

Methods: Data were drawn from a longitudinal cohort of women SWs across Metro Vancouver (2010-2014). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0161-3DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Public housing and healthcare use: an investigation using linked administrative data.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, S113-750 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3E 0W3, Canada.

Objective: This study investigated whether a move to public housing affects people's use of healthcare services.

Method: Using administrative data from Manitoba, the number of hospitalizations, general practitioner (GP), specialist and emergency department (ED) visits, and prescription drugs dispensed in the years before and after the housing move-in date (2012/2013) were measured for a public housing and matched cohort. Generalized linear models with generalized estimating equations tested for differences between the cohorts in utilization trends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0162-2DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Disability trends in Canada: 2001-2014 population estimates and correlates.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Social Science Centre, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON, N6G 2V4, Canada.

Objectives: Disability is a major concern for the health of midlife and older Canadians. Understanding disability trends is critical for detecting socio-economic and health precursors that could be amenable to policy interventions. The purpose of this study is to assess trends in rates of disability among Canadian adults age 40-64 and 65+. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0158-yDOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Availability of legalized cannabis reduces demand for illegal cannabis among Canadian cannabis users: evidence from a behavioural economic substitution paradigm.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Peter Boris Centre for Addictions Research, McMaster University and St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, 100 West 5th St, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3K7, Canada.

In the context of cannabis legalization, an important question among clinicians, policymakers, and the public is whether availability of legal cannabis will significantly reduce consumption (demand) of illegal cannabis. Using paradigms from behavioural economics, we tested the prediction that legal cannabis would be an asymmetrical substitute for illegal cannabis, with legal cannabis operating as a superior commodity based on its regulated status. In a sample of 289 adult cannabis users in Ontario, we found evidence of substitutability for both legal and illegal cannabis, but significantly lower substitutability of illegal for legal cannabis, a pattern that was also present for price elasticity (α) and P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0160-4DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

District-level implementation of British Columbia's school food and beverage sales policy: a realist evaluation exploring intervention mechanisms in urban and rural contexts.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 7;110(1):21-30. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Centre for Sustainable Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Intervention: British Columbia's (BC) provincial school food and beverage sales policy.

Research Question: What are the processes associated with district-level implementation of BC's school food and beverage sales policy?

Methods: We adopted a realist approach and a qualitative, multiple case study design that included three urban and two rural BC school districts. Data collection involved semi-structured interviews and questionnaires with health, education, and industry stakeholders, observations, document analysis and website scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0159-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335380PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Duration and intensity of different types of physical activity among children aged 10-13 years.

Can J Public Health 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, 28 Division St, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada.

Objectives: To use a predominately objective measurement approach to assess and describe: (1) the amount of time that children aged 10-13 years spend participating in outdoor active play, active travel, curriculum-based physical activity at school, and organized sport; (2) the movement intensity composition of these four types of physical activity (i.e., % of time spent at a sedentary, light, or moderate-to-vigorous intensity); and (3) the proportion of each movement intensity obtained by participating in these four types of physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0157-zDOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

"This drug turned me into a robot": an actor-network analysis of a web-based ethnographic study of psychostimulant use.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 21;109(5-6):653-661. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, 7101, avenue du Parc, 3ième étage, Montréal, (Québec), H3N 1X9, Canada.

Objectives: This study aims to understand contemporary psychostimulant use within the socio-cultural context of Western societies. Two objectives are addressed: to describe accounts of practices related to psychostimulant use among members of selected online fora and to examine how these are related to representations of the self.

Methods: This research is a qualitative study of psychostimulant use among members of selected online fora. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0149-zDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Beyond bare bones: critical, theoretically engaged qualitative research in public health.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 21;109(5-6):613-621. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

While qualitative inquiry has been a part of the Canadian Journal of Public Health (CJPH) for many years, CJPH does not yet have the reputation as a home for qualitative research that has a critical focus and that is cqqqonversant with contemporary developments in social theory and qualitative methodology. This paper describes efforts to establish CJPH as a welcoming home for critical, theoretically engaged qualitative research in public health. The paper introduces the Special Section that heralds the forward vision for qualitative research at CJPH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0154-2DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Is 'health equity' bad for our health? A qualitative empirical ethics study of public health policy-makers' perspectives.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 21;109(5-6):633-642. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, Toronto, ON, M5G 1L4, Canada.

Objectives: 'Social justice' and 'health equity' are core values in public health. Yet, despite their normative character, the numerous normative accounts of social justice and equity are rarely acknowledged, meaning that these values are often unaccompanied by an explanation of what they require in practice. The objective of this study was to bridge this normative scholarship with information about how these 'core values' are integrated and interpreted by Canadian public health policy-makers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0128-4DOI Listing
December 2018
56 Reads

Knowledge brokering: (mis)aligning population knowledge with care of fat bodies.

Authors:
Patricia Thille

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 21;109(5-6):643-652. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Manitoba, R106 - 771 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0T6, Canada.

Objective: Two prominent Canadian knowledge brokers aim to influence how primary care clinicians address obesity, through the dissemination of texts: the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (guideline) and the Canadian Obesity Network (5As). While written for the same clinician and adult patient population, the recommendations differ. This analysis highlights active decisions that produced the difference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0147-1DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Canadian Journal of Public Health commits to qualitative research : La Revue canadienne de santé publique s'engage envers la recherche qualitative.

Authors:
Louise Potvin

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec;109(5-6):611-612

École de santé publique et Institut de recherche en santé publique, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0155-1DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

A mixed methods evaluation of capturing and sharing practitioner experience for improving local tobacco control strategies.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 19;110(1):103-113. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Canadian Partnership Against Cancer, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: Practitioner experience is one type of evidence that is used in public health planning and action. Yet, methods for capturing and sharing experience are under-developed. We evaluated the reach, uptake and use of an example of capturing and sharing practitioner experience from tobacco control known as documentation of practice (DoP) reports. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0153-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0153-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335370PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Radon, an invisible killer in Canadian homes: perceptions of Ottawa-Gatineau residents.

Can J Public Health 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, THN 209, 25 University Private, Ottawa, ON, K1N 7K4, Canada.

Objectives: Canadians have reason to care about indoor air quality as they spend over 90% of the time indoors. Although indoor radon causes more deaths than any other environmental hazard, only 55% of Canadians have heard of it, and of these, 6% have taken action. The gap between residents' risk awareness and adoption of actual protective behaviour presents a challenge to public health practitioners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0151-5DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Haemaphysalis longicornis: a tick of considerable importance, now established in North America.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 12;110(1):118-119. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge Research and Development Centre, 5403 - 1st Avenue South, P.O. Box 3000, Lethbridge, AB, T1J 4B1, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0152-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Substance use and internalizing symptoms among high school students and access to health care services: results from a population-based study.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 7;110(1):85-92. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objectives: To examine co-occurring mental health problems among a population-based sample of high school students in Ontario, Canada, to understand their prevalence, associated risk factors, and relationship with mental health service access and utilization.

Methods: The data were derived from the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a biennial survey of students attending publicly funded Ontario schools, from a subsample of students who completed both the internalizing and substance use portions of the survey (n = 2945). Rates of co-occurring problems were calculated for the previous 12 months. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0144-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0144-4DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Trends and correlates of cannabis use in pregnancy: a population-based study in Ontario, Canada from 2012 to 2017.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 1;110(1):76-84. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OMNI Research Group, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Centre for Practice Changing Research, 501 Smyth Road, Box 241, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L6, Canada.

Objective: Forthcoming legislative changes will legalize and make cannabis widely available in Canada. We conducted an analysis of Ontario's birth registry to determine recent trends and correlates of cannabis use in pregnancy.

Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study assembled from the Better Outcomes Registry & Network (BORN) Ontario database, covering live births and stillbirths in Ontario between April 2012 and December 2017. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0148-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0148-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335373PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Scoping decades of dog evidence: a scoping review of dog bite-related sequelae.

Can J Public Health 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5B4, Canada.

Objectives: There has been considerable literature published focusing on various sequelae to dog bites over the last three decades. Much of the literature has focused on rabies, particularly canine rabies variant, which accounts for the majority of rabies deaths worldwide. This paper describes the complications, the pathogens, and other sequelae resulting from dog bites documented in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0145-3DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

The tobacco endgame: the importance of targets and geography.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 29;109(5-6):900-901. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

, Gisborne, New Zealand.

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0150-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0150-6DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Is there more to the equation? Weight bias and the costs of obesity.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 26;110(1):17-20. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada.

The costs of obesity have been well studied, with estimates in Canada reaching $7.1 billion annually. These estimates fuel public and professional discourse about obesity as an "epidemic" with substantial economic and public health consequences. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0146-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0146-2DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Correction to: Consumption of ultra-processed foods and obesity in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb;110(1):15-16

Département de Nutrition, Université deMontréal, Montréal, Canada.

In Table 3, there were missing values in the Physical activity and Smoking status sections. The correct version of Table 3 is displayed here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0142-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Differences in colorectal cancer screening rates across income strata by levels of urbanization: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey (2013/2014).

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 23;110(1):62-71. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: Canadian colorectal cancer screening rates differ across income strata. In the United States, disparities across income strata worsen in rural areas. In Canada, differences in screening across income strata have not been explored by levels of urbanization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0143-5DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Limited impact of pneumococcal vaccines on invasive pneumococcal disease in Nunavik (Quebec).

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 19;110(1):36-43. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, Montréal, Canada.

Objective: In 2002, a mass immunization campaign using the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) was carried out in Nunavik to control an outbreak caused by a virulent clone of serotype 1 Streptococcus pneumoniae. At the same time, the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced for routine immunization of infants, replaced by the 10-valent vaccine (PCV10) in 2009, and the 13-valent vaccine (PCV13) in 2011. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in relation to pneumococcal vaccine use. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0138-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0138-2DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

The role of public health units in the delivery of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 19;110(1):72-75. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8M5, Canada.

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an HIV prevention strategy involving the use of once daily antiretroviral medications to prevent HIV infection. Available research supports that PrEP, when used as prescribed, can prevent HIV transmission by upwards of 96%. Such findings have led to the development of research publications and guidelines supporting PrEP for individuals at high risk for HIV acquisition, such as men who have sex with men (MSM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0141-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Self-Inflicted Injury-Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP-SI): a new surveillance tool for detecting self-inflicted injury events in emergency departments.

Can J Public Health 2018 Oct 11. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: To assess the performance of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program's newly developed self-harm surveillance tool (CHIRPP-SI) designed to improve emergency department (ED) hospital surveillance of youth self-inflicted injury (SI).

Methods: This was a prospective, single-centre cohort study from February 2015 to September 2015. Eligible participants were aged 6-17. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0139-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0139-1DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Our health counts: population-based measures of urban Inuit health determinants, health status, and health care access.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 9;109(5-6):662-670. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Sociology, Cornell University, 323 Uris Hall, Ithaca, New York, NY, 14853, USA.

Objective: Health determinants and outcomes are not well described for the growing population of Inuit living in southern urban areas of Canada despite known and striking health disparities for Inuit living in the north. The objective of this study was to work in partnership with Tungasuvvingat Inuit (TI) to develop population prevalence estimates for key indicators of health, including health determinants, health status outcomes, and health services access for Inuit in Ottawa, Canada.

Methods: We employed community-based respondent driven sampling (RDS) and a comprehensive health assessment survey to collect primary data regarding health determinants, status, and service access. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0111-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267637PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Validation d'un questionnaire auto-administré sur les valeurs en politique publique de santé.

Can J Public Health 2018 Dec 5;109(5-6):891-899. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Département de médecine sociale et préventive, École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

Objectives: The aims of this article are to describe the development of a self-administered questionnaire assessing the core values in the field of public health ( radardesvaleurs.com ) and to report the results of a study testing the questionnaire's test-retest reliability, internal consistency and construct validity.

Method: A 24-item questionnaire grounded in the conceptual framework of Shalom H. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0140-8DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Vaccine coverage of children in care of the child welfare system.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 3;110(1):44-51. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Faculty of Nursing, Level 3, Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, University of Alberta, 11405-87 Avenue, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1C9, Canada.

Objective: To assess vaccine coverage for a cohort of children who have been in the care of the child welfare system compared to children in the general population.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study used population-based administrative health data for a 2008 birth cohort of children from Alberta, Canada. We assessed coverage at ages 2 (n = 44,206) and 7 (n = 42,241) for three vaccines with different administration schedules for children in care (at any period before the age of assessment) and those who had never been in care, comparing them using risk differences and relative risks (RRs). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.17269/s41997-018-0135-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0135-5DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

A modeling study exploring the impact of homelessness on rostered primary care utilization in Calgary, Canada.

Can J Public Health 2018 Aug 1;109(4):451-458. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4N1, Canada.

Objective: For patients who belonged to physician rosters at a family medicine practice in the core of Calgary, Canada, we compared primary care utilization for those who were stably housed and those experiencing homelessness.

Methods: This retrospective chart review accessed electronic medical record data for rostered patients who visited their family physician between July 1, 2015 and August 31, 2016. We assessed the association between homelessness status (defined as having been sheltered in overnight shelters and/or emergency/provisional housing during the study period) and the rate of visits to primary care (defined as the count of visits associated with a patient accounting for the length of the patient's relationship with their family physician) using multivariate negative binomial regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0098-6DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads