6,930 results match your criteria Canadian Journal of Public Health [Journal]


COVID-19: a prison-breaker?

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Preventive and Occupational Medicine, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, F-63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00359-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323605PMC

No more "social distancing" but practice physical separation.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Geography and Geoinformation Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Dr, Fairfax, VA, 22030, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00370-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323603PMC

Pandemics, privacy, and public health research.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Centre of Genomics and Policy, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 740, Avenue Dr. Penfield, Suite 5200, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 0G1, Canada.

Sharing data expediently for pandemic response purposes exposes healthcare providers in Canada to significant regulatory uncertainty. Duplicative and contradictory ethical and legal duties flowing from overlapping sources can stifle flows of medical data among clinicians, researchers, and institutions. Authorities should support caregivers and accelerate research by providing clear guidance to the health sector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00368-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318908PMC

Assessing the reading level of online resources on COVID-19.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Rd, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8L1, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00363-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315902PMC

COVID-19 and inequality: are we all in this together?

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00351-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310590PMC

It can be dangerous to take epidemic curves of COVID-19 at face value.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Statistics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

During an epidemic with a new virus, we depend on modelling to plan the response: but how good are the data? The aim of our work was to better understand the impact of misclassification errors in identification of true cases of COVID-19 on epidemic curves. Data originated from Alberta, Canada (available on 28 May 2020). There is presently no information of sensitivity (Sn) and specificity (Sp) of laboratory tests used in Canada for the causal agent for COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00367-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7309693PMC

Is another public health crisis brewing beneath the COVID-19 pandemic?

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Public Health Ontario, 300 - 480 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 1G2, Canada.

Evidence indicates associations between exposure to mass traumatic events and increased alcohol consumption and related harms following the crises. However, there is limited evidence available to inform alcohol policies during such events. In this commentary, we present the range of government actions to control public access to alcohol during the novel coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in provinces and territories across Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00360-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7301768PMC

Do you mind if I smoke here? Exploring the insights that public benches bring to public health research.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Centre de recherche en santé publique (CReSP), Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

In this commentary, we illustrate how exploring the meanings and uses of everyday, seemingly mundane, public objects can advance our understanding of health-related practices and the social norms that shape them. We use the example of the public bench and smoking for this purpose. By observing the design of public benches, the places where they are found, the meanings people attribute to them, and the way people use them, we can learn what health-related practices (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00338-xDOI Listing

Please don't call it medical marijuana unless it is; but it probably isn't.

Authors:
Theodore J Witek

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Institute of Health Policy Management & Evaluation, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street (4th Floor), Toronto, ON, M5T 3M6, Canada.

The drug development process of demonstrating an agent is safe, effective and pure has, with rare exception, proven an exemplary path in translational research. The basic science, the clinical trials and the chemistry, manufacturing and control have served public health well. This carefully regulated approach forms the basis of a drug label with data from these studies also used to convey risk and benefit to prescribing physicians through the channels of medical literature and drug promotion by the industry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00333-2DOI Listing

Refugees, asylum seekers and COVID-19: Canada needs to do more to protect at-risk refugees during the current pandemic.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Muslim Food Bank & Community Services Society, 104 - 12941 115 Ave, Surrey, BC, V3R 0E2, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00357-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7299141PMC

Awareness of and intention to use an online sexually transmitted and blood-borne infection testing service among gay and bisexual men in British Columbia, two years after implementation.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, 655 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 4R4, Canada.

Objectives: This study assessed gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men's (GBMSM) awareness of and intention to use GetCheckedOnline, an online sexually transmitted and blood-borne infection (STBBI) testing service.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted two years after launch among GBMSM > 18 years of age in British Columbia, Canada. Participants were recruited through community venues, clinics, websites, and apps. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00323-4DOI Listing

Home environment allergen exposure scale in older adult cohort with asthma.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

University of Kansas School of Nursing, Kansas City, KS, USA.

Objectives: Home environmental exposures are a primary source of asthma exacerbation. There is a gap in decision support models that efficiently aggregate the home exposure assessment scores for focused and tailored interventions. Three development methods of a home environment allergen exposure scale for persons with asthma (weighted by dimension reduction, unweighted, precision biomarker-based) were compared, and racial disparity tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00335-0DOI Listing

Correction to: Challenges and opportunities for graduate students in public health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

This article was updated was to correct the spelling of Chenoa Cassidy-Matthews' name: it is correct as displayed here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00369-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296901PMC

To fight SARS-CoV-2: putting your guns down.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, INSERM, GReD, Translational Approach to Epithelial Injury and Repair, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Ophthalmology, F-63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00339-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7295145PMC

Correction to: COVID-19 and people who use drugs: a call for action.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 12. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Western Aboriginal Harm Reduction Society, 380 E Hastings St, Vancouver, BC, V6A 1P4, Canada.

This article was updated was to correct the spelling of Dave Hamm's name: it is correct as displayed here. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00361-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291613PMC

Priority setting for school nutrition research: developing a collaborative research agenda.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Public Health Ontario, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Priority setting in health research can assist stakeholders to identify research and policies that have the greatest potential for benefits to public health. Priority setting has been utilized by researchers to identify barriers, facilitators, and recommendations for future public health research. This commentary describes how a priority-setting approach was used as part of a workshop activity on the school nutrition environment in Ontario, Canada, to facilitate brainstorming, sorting, and rating of concepts related to the school nutrition environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00331-4DOI Listing

Hospitalizations for lower respiratory tract infections in children in relation to the sequential use of three pneumococcal vaccines in Quebec.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Quebec University Hospital Research Centre, Quebec City, Canada.

Objectives: In Quebec, three pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) were used sequentially starting in December 2004. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between exposure to different PCV regimens and hospitalizations for lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI).

Methods: Records with a main diagnosis of LRTI in children born in 2000-2012 and observed up to their second birthday were extracted from the provincial hospital administrative database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00329-yDOI Listing

Trends in HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis uptake in Ontario, Canada, and impact of policy changes: a population-based analysis of projected pharmacy data (2015-2018).

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objectives: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a proven tool for HIV prevention, but PrEP use in Ontario, Canada, and the effects of recent policies are unknown. We estimated the number and characteristics of PrEP users in Ontario and evaluated the impacts of policy changes between July 2015 and June 2018.

Methods: We obtained tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) dispensation data for Ontario from IQVIA, and applied an algorithm to identify use for PrEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00332-3DOI Listing

Developing a harmonized heat warning and information system for Ontario: a case study in collaboration.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Climate Change and Innovation Bureau, Health Canada (Government of Canada), *At time of writing, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Heat wave early warning systems help alert decision-makers and the public to prepare for hot weather and implement preventive actions to protect health. Prior to harmonization, public health units across Ontario either used independent systems with varying methodologies for triggering and issuing public heat warnings or did not use any system. The federal government also issued heat warnings based on different criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00337-yDOI Listing

Mercury from crematoriums: human health risk assessment and estimate of total emissions in British Columbia.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Division of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Objectives: Mercury occurs in the environment as a result of natural processes and human activities, including when individuals with amalgam dental fillings are cremated. This work aimed to estimate the quantity of mercury emitted to the atmosphere from crematoriums in British Columbia (BC) and assess the human health risk.

Methods: A BC-specific emissions factor for mercury from crematoriums was developed and applied to an estimate of the quantity of mercury released annually to the atmosphere from crematoriums. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00327-0DOI Listing

Facebook, Instagram, Reddit and TikTok: a proposal for health authorities to integrate popular social media platforms in contingency planning amid a global pandemic outbreak.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Emergency Medicine, McGill University, Montréal, Canada.

In December 2019, a new severe respiratory coronavirus infection (COVID-19) was detected and has since spread across the globe to be ultimately declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020. For physicians and allied medical professionals, the period since has been marked by an increased and rapidly changing flow of information from multiple regional, national and international health authorities, regulating bodies and professional associations. Although social media platforms have an active presence in the instant dissemination of information and medical professionals display active participation in them, traditional channels such as email are still being emphasized as a means of communication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00343-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7282468PMC

Public health investments: neglect or wilful omission? Historical trends in Quebec and implications for Canada.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, 1020 Pine Ave West, Montreal, QC, H3A 1A2, Canada.

This commentary explores public health (PH) investments in Quebec and underlines the challenge of tracking PH resources across Canada. We analyzed governmental data to compare investments across all health and social programs in Quebec from 2004-2005 to 2017-2018. The province's PH budgets suffered from disproportionately low investments and abrupt cuts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00342-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7278767PMC

Chronic disease prevention evaluation in Ontario's public health system: a qualitative needs assessment.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 5. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Objectives: Building evaluation capacity for chronic disease prevention (CDP) is a critical step in ensuring the effectiveness of CDP programming over time. In this article, we highlight the findings of the qualitative arm of a mixed-methods needs assessment designed to assess the gaps and areas of strength within Ontario's public health system with respect to CDP evaluation.

Methods: We conducted 29 interviews and focus groups with representatives from 25 public health units (PHUs) and analyzed the data using thematic analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00317-2DOI Listing

Challenges and opportunities for graduate students in public health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00349-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7272105PMC

A Bayesian shared components modeling approach to develop small area indicators of social determinants of health with measures of uncertainty.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Analytics and Informatics, Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: Existing Canadian social determinants of health (SDOH) indicators do not quantify uncertainty to identify priority areas. The objectives of this methodologic study were: (1) to estimate and map small area (dissemination area) shared and variable-specific SDOH indicators with measures of uncertainty using a Bayesian model that accounts for spatial dependence; (2) to quantify geographic variation in the SDOH indicators and their contribution to a shared indicator; and (3) to assess the SDOH indicators' associations with behavioural risk factors and their consistency with the Ontario Marginalization Index (ON-Marg).

Methods: Lower education-, income-, unemployment-, living alone- and visible minority-related variables used in existing Canadian SDOH indices were fit as dependent variables to a Bayesian model to produce area-based SDOH indicators that were mapped with measures of uncertainty in two study areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00321-6DOI Listing

Longitudinal associations between bullying and alcohol use and binge drinking among grade 9 and 10 students in the COMPASS study.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave W, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Objectives: Adolescents involved in bullying are at increased risk for alcohol use; however, much of this research has been cross-sectional. The aim of this work was to therefore examine the longitudinal associations between bullying and future alcohol use.

Methods: Data were drawn from the COMPASS study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00319-0DOI Listing

COVID-19 and sex workers: human rights, the struggle for safety and minimum income.

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Sex Workers United Against Violence Society, 334 Alexander St, Vancouver, BC, V6A 1C3, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00350-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265866PMC

Public health saves lives: sad lessons from COVID-19.

Authors:
Louise Potvin

Can J Public Health 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Centre de recherche en santé publique, Université de Montréal et CIUSSS du Centre-Sud-de-l'Île-de-Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00344-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7263179PMC

Identifying visible minorities or racialized persons on surveys: can we just ask?

Can J Public Health 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, K201 Kresge Bldg, London, ON, N6A 5C1, Canada.

Objectives: Visible minorities are a group categorized in health research to identify and track inequalities, or to study the impact of racialization. We compared classifications obtained from a commonly used measure (Statistics Canada standard) with those obtained by two direct questions-whether one is a member of a visible minority group and whether one is perceived or treated as a person of colour.

Methods: A mixed-methods analysis was conducted using data from an English-language online survey (n = 311) and cognitive interviews with a maximum diversity subsample (n = 79). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00325-2DOI Listing

Mass identification of potential service sector donors of personal protective equipment from an online directory during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Can J Public Health 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Toronto, 123 Edward St, Toronto, ON, M5G 1E2, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00334-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252415PMC

Association between the regional variation in premature mortality and immigration in Ontario, Canada.

Can J Public Health 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Health Sciences Building, University of Toronto, 6th floor, 155 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 3M7, Canada.

Objectives: Health region differences in immigration patterns and premature mortality rates exist in Ontario, Canada. This study used linked population-based databases to describe the regional proportion of immigrants in the context of provincial health region variation in premature mortality.

Methods: We analyzed all adult premature deaths in Ontario from 1992 to 2012 using linked population files, Canadian census, and death registry databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00330-5DOI Listing

Communicating risks to drinkers: testing alcohol labels with a cancer warning and national drinking guidelines in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: To test whether alcohol labels with a cancer warning and national drinking guidelines are an effective tool for supporting more informed and safer alcohol consumption among drinkers.

Methods: Using a quasi-experimental design, pre-post surveys were conducted with 1647 cohort participants systematically selected in liquor stores in two matched sites in Canada in 2017-2018. Enhanced labels designed according to best practices for effective product labels were applied to alcohol containers in the liquor store in the intervention site for one month, and usual practice continued in the comparison site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00320-7DOI Listing

Impact of comprehensive smoking cessation training of practitioners on patients' 6-month quit outcome.

Can J Public Health 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: Smoking remains a leading public health issue and health care practitioners (HCPs), who play an important role in supporting and promoting patients' cessation efforts, need educational initiatives that improve their ability to provide effective clinical care. The objective of this study was to compare patient-reported abstinence from smoking following treatment by HCPs trained in an intensive tobacco cessation program and those trained in less intensive programs.

Methods: A secondary data analysis of two overlapping samples of patients who received most of their treatment from one identifiable HCP (n = 26,590) or all of their treatment from one identifiable HCP (n = 20,986) was assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00318-1DOI Listing

Associations of prenatal urinary phthalate exposure with preterm birth: the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study.

Can J Public Health 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada.

Objectives: To examine the relation between prenatal urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations and preterm birth (PTB).

Methods: The data were drawn from the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study, a pan-Canadian cohort of 1857 pregnant women enrolled between 2008 and 2011. We quantified urinary concentrations of 7 phthalate metabolites that were detected in > 70% of urine samples collected during the first trimester. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00322-5DOI Listing

COVID-19 and people who use drugs: a call for action.

Can J Public Health 2020 May 13. Epub 2020 May 13.

Western Aboriginal Harm Reduction Society, 380 E Hastings St, Vancouver, BC, V6A 1P4, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00326-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220590PMC

Health claim regulations on foods: impacts on life expectancy in Canada and the United States.

Can J Public Health 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Canada.

Objectives: Chronic disease accounts for 70% of deaths globally and causes substantial economic burdens. Research indicates diet can significantly reduce the risk of many chronic diseases. Governments regulate health claims that can inform consumers of foods' health attributes and encourage them to consume healthy diets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00314-5DOI Listing

Combinations of physical activity and screen time recommendations and their association with overweight/obesity in adolescents.

Can J Public Health 2020 Apr 13. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, K1H 8L1, Canada.

Objectives: To examine the four possible combinations of adherence to physical activity and screen time recommendations in adolescents and how the combinations relate to overweight and obesity.

Methods: A total of 9913 students in grades 7-12 were included in the present cross-sectional analyses. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), screen time, and body mass index were self-reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00313-6DOI Listing

Expanding access to diacetylmorphine and hydromorphone for people who use opioids in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 27. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Centre on Drug Policy Evaluation, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1T8, Canada.

The increasing incidence of fatal opioid overdose is a public health crisis in Canada. While buprenorphine/naloxone and methadone are the standard first-line of opioid substitution options, limitations, including difficulty achieving long-term retention for some people who use opioids, are well known. For this group, injectable diacetylmorphine or hydromorphone can achieve positive outcomes, including high retention rates, reduced use of unregulated opioids, and reduced criminal activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00315-4DOI Listing

Cultural orientation and safety app for new and short-term health care providers in Nunavut.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 26. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Qaujigiartiit Health Research Centre, Iqaluit, Canada.

Setting: One of the greatest challenges of Nunavut's health care system is its reliance on short-term professionals, many of whom are not oriented to the Inuit historical/cultural context and the organization of health care in the territory. Our objective was to develop a free iOS/Android app to address this knowledge gap.

Intervention: We reviewed existing literature and interviewed key stakeholders to develop the content of the app covering the following: Inuit ways of communicating and expectations in the health care setting; Inuit history, settlement, and societal values (including a bibliography and a list of Inuktitut language phrases and resources); health care model (including referral pathways for tertiary care and mental health referrals); maps and community information; and useful information to prepare for your arrival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00311-8DOI Listing

Maternal psychological distress and child weight at 24 months: investigating indirect effects through breastfeeding in the All Our Families cohort.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 25. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objective: Maternal psychological distress in pregnancy has been associated with both breastfeeding duration and child weight at 24 months; however, the potential that breastfeeding duration partially mediates the risk of maternal mental health problems during pregnancy on child weight classification has not been examined. The current study investigated this proposed relationship.

Methods: Data was taken from the All Our Families (AOF) cohort, an ongoing prospective pregnancy cohort located in Calgary, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00312-7DOI Listing

Smoking and risk of sleep-related issues: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 17. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Smoking has many deleterious consequences on health, one of which can be sleep-related issues. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed with the aim of pooling results from studies on the relationship between smoking and sleep-related issues.

Methods: The present study follows PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00308-3DOI Listing

Social connection as a public health adaptation to extreme heat events.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 16. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Environmental Health Services, BC Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Climate change is an increasingly important public health issue, reflected in morbidity and mortality outcomes during extreme heat events. At the same time, the harms of social isolation with respect to a wide range of health outcomes are becoming better understood. Given that older adults are at higher risk during hot weather and at higher risk of social isolation, they are among those at highest risk for adverse impacts of extreme heat events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00309-2DOI Listing

The influence of low social support and living alone on premature mortality among aging Canadians.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Department of Geography, McGill University, Burnside Hall, Room 705, 805, Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, QC, H3A 0B9, Canada.

Objectives: Among older Canadians, we examined the influence of low social support, a weak sense of belonging, and living alone to understand their role on mortality risk in Canada.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of older Canadians surveyed in 2001 from the Canadian Community Health Survey and followed up with death events through December 31, 2011 from the Canadian Vital Statistics Database. Analyses were stratified by age: 55-64 and 65 and older. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00310-9DOI Listing

Anemia, iron status, and associated protective and risk factors among children and adolescents aged 3 to 19 years old from four First Nations communities in Quebec.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 13. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Quebec City, QC, Canada.

Objectives: Anemia and iron deficiency (ID) are frequent among Indigenous children of Canada, but few data are available in Quebec. The present study aimed to characterize anemia and ID prevalence and associated protective and risk factors among First Nations youth in Quebec.

Methods: The 2015 First Nations (JES!-YEH!) pilot study was conducted among children and adolescents (3 to 19 years; n = 198) from four First Nations communities in Quebec. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00304-7DOI Listing

Gender-based analysis using existing public health datasets.

Authors:
Cara Tannenbaum

Can J Public Health 2020 Apr;111(2):151-154

CIHR Institute of Gender and Health, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00302-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7109203PMC

The cost and affordability of growing and feeding a baby in Nova Scotia.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 11. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Rm 105, FoodARC, 47 College Rd., 166 Bedford Highway, Halifax, NS, B3M 2J6, Canada.

Objective: This paper examines the affordability of a basic nutritious diet for low-income families in Nova Scotia over three developmental periods (pregnancy, perinatal, early infancy) using economic simulations that include food costing and secondary data.

Methods: The cost of a nutritious food basket was determined from a random sample of grocery stores in Nova Scotia (n = 21), along with the cost of infant formula (n = 29) and prenatal vitamins and vitamin D drops (n = 15), from randomly selected pharmacies. The monthly funds remaining to purchase a basic nutritious diet were calculated for several household scenarios, after deducting essential living expenses from net incomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00306-5DOI Listing

Less than five is less than ideal: replacing the "less than 5 cell size" rule with a risk-based data disclosure protocol in a public health setting.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 11. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnipeg, Canada.

Setting: The Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA) is one of the largest and most diverse health regions in Canada. Within the WRHA, the Population and Public Health (PPH) Surveillance Team provides epidemiological support across a variety of public health service areas.

Intervention: We developed and deployed a risk-based data disclosure protocol that balances the need to share public health surveillance data with the need to protect personal health information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00303-8DOI Listing

The incidence of breast cancer in Canada 1971-2015: trends in screening-eligible and young-onset age groups.

Can J Public Health 2020 Mar 6. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, CancerControl Alberta, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objectives: Breast cancer incidence has fluctuated considerably in Canada, with recent reductions in rates among screening-eligible women. However, incidence of early-onset and pre-menopausal breast cancer is understudied. We examined age-specific trends in breast cancer incidence between 1971 and 2015, as well as possible trends by birth cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-020-00305-6DOI Listing