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    1 OF 131

    Shining new light on newborn screening of cystic fibrosis in the province of Quebec.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e335-e337. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC.
    Newborn screening of cystic fibrosis, a severe genetic disease with high treatment burden, is offered in all of North America with the exception of the province of Quebec. This condition, when diagnosed on symptomatic presentation, is marked by chronic infections and progressive lung function decline leading to eventual respiratory failure. Patients continue to have a median age of survival notably below the Canadian average. Read More

    Estimation of smoking prevalence in Canada: Implications of survey characteristics in the CCHS and CTUMS/CTADS.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e331-e334. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Institut de recherche en santé publique de l'Université de Montréal (IRSPUM), Montréal, QC; École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal (ESPUM), Montréal, QC.
    One of the main enterprises associated with tobacco control is surveillance, that is, to measure and follow over time the extent of smoking among the Canadian population. While surveillance systems have been in place for more than 50 years, knowing the exact prevalence of smoking in Canada continues to be a complex matter and understanding its estimation requires a critical appreciation of our national surveys' idiosyncrasies. This commentary describes the two Statistics Canada surveys that are most commonly used to examine smoking prevalence in this country: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CTADS). Read More

    Recommendations: Will the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act go far enough?
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e328-e330. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Doctoral Student, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, London, ON.
    E-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults in Canada is increasing. Potvin's (2016) editorial outlined the need for more evidence on e-cigarettes as a gateway to combustible cigarettes and their toxicity. Since then, new evidence has emerged supporting the gateway effect and establishing toxicity. Read More

    Between a rock and a hard place: Prescription opioid restrictions in the time of fentanyl and other street drug adulterants.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e325-e327. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC; Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC.
    Non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) has increased alarmingly across Canada and resulted in strict prescribing restrictions on opioids. Despite a clear need to reduce opioid prescriptions in response to this crisis, few other policies have been implemented and this singular focus is incongruent with the known characteristics of substance use disorders, negative effects of supply reduction policies, and realities of pain management. Given the recent rise of fentanyl and other dangerous adulterants in street drugs, this commentary argues that a comprehensive response to NMPOU that includes improvements to addiction management and harm-reduction services is urgently needed. Read More

    An introduction to the healthy corner store intervention model in Canada.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e320-e324. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Faculty of Health, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
    Setting: The majority of Canadians' food acquisition occurs in retail stores. Retail science has become increasingly sophisticated in demonstrating how consumer environments influence population-level diet quality and health status. The retail food environment literature is new but growing rapidly in Canada, and there is a relative paucity of evidence from intervention research implemented in Canada. Read More

    Better Strength, Better Balance! Partnering to deliver a fall prevention program for older adults.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e314-e319. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Family Health Specialist, Ottawa Public Health, Ottawa, ON.
    Setting: Falls incur significant health and economic costs, particularly among older adults. Physical activity has been found to be the single most important fall prevention behaviour an older adult can do. This manuscript describes Ottawa Public Health's (OPH) experience implementing the Better Strength, Better Balance! (BSBB) program, a fall prevention exercise program for older adults, through an innovative partnership with the local Recreation, Cultural & Facility Services (RCFS) Department. Read More

    Organizational level indicators to address health equity work in local public health agencies: A scoping review.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e306-e313. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Western University, London, ON.
    Objective: To determine what organizational level indicators exist that could be used by local Ontario public health agencies to monitor and guide their progress in addressing health equity.

    Method: This scoping review employed Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) six-stage framework. Multiple online databases and grey literature sources were searched using a comprehensive strategy. Read More

    Characterizing non-monosexual women at risk for poor mental health outcomes: A mixed methods study.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e296-e305. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Social and Behavioural Health Sciences Division, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON; Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON.
    Objectives: Non-monosexual women - those who report attraction to or sexual relationships with individuals of more than one gender - have elevated risk for poor mental health outcomes. We aimed to examine which elements of non-monosexual experience are associated with this elevated risk.

    Methods: We conducted a sequential exploratory mixed methods analysis of qualitative interview and survey data from 39 non-monosexual women recruited consecutively through prenatal care providers. Read More

    Lifetime excess cancer risk due to carcinogens in food and beverages: Urban versus rural differences in Canada.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e288-e295. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Geography, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC.
    Objectives: To explore differences in urban versus rural lifetime excess risk of cancer from five specific contaminants found in food and beverages.

    Methods: Probable contaminant intake is estimated using Monte Carlo simulations of contaminant concentrations in combination with dietary patterns. Contaminant concentrations for arsenic, benzene, lead, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and tetrachloroethylene (PERC) were derived from government dietary studies. Read More

    Therapeutic use of cannabis: Prevalence and characteristics among adults in Ontario, Canada.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e282-e287. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of therapeutic cannabis use within a general population sample of adults and to describe various characteristics associated with use.

    Methods: Data were derived from the 2013 and 2014 CAMH Monitor Survey of adults in Ontario, Canada. This repeated cross-sectional survey employed a regionally stratified design and utilized computer-assisted telephone interviewing. Read More

    The 1% of emergency room visits for non-traumatic dental conditions in British Columbia: Misconceptions about the numbers.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e279-e281. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Associate Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
    In Canada, about 1% of all emergency room (ER) visits in a given year are made by patients with a primary diagnosis of a non-traumatic, non-urgent and yet preventable condition, such as tooth decay. This percentage is typically dismissed as irrelevant. Using 2013-2014 British Columbia data on ER use from the Canadian Institute for Health Information, however, we argue that the 1% figure (and its associated cost) has to be considered beyond its percentage value. Read More

    Redirecting public oral health fluoride varnish intervention to low socio-economic status children in Alberta.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e273-e278. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Provincial Oral Health Office, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB.
    Setting: Dental decay is most prevalent among low socio-economic status (SES) groups where cost limits access to dental care. To address inequities in oral health outcomes, Alberta Health Services (AHS) Oral Health Action Plan encompasses a population health approach that redirects fluoride varnish (FV) applications to low SES children. Using low SES measures to establish the eligibility criteria is fundamental to the delivery of FV applications to the target population. Read More

    Parents' online discussions about children's dental caries: A critical content analysis.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e265-e272. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
    Objectives: Through an analysis of postings to an online parenting forum, we aimed to explore the many ways in which parents orient to (i.e., take up, challenge, re-articulate) information about child dental health in the context of their online interactions. Read More

    Pediatric ambulatory care sensitive conditions: Birth cohorts and the socio-economic gradient.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e257-e264. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, Department of Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB.
    Objectives: This study examines the socio-economic gradient in utilization and the risk factors associated with hospitalization for four pediatric ambulatory care sensitive conditions (dental conditions, asthma, gastroenteritis, and bacterial pneumonia). Dental conditions, where much care is provided by dentists and insurance coverage varies among different population segments, present special issues.

    Methods: A population registry, provider registry, physician ambulatory claims, and hospital discharge abstracts from 28 398 children born in 2003-2006 in urban centres in Manitoba, Canada were the main data sources. Read More

    Waiting room time: An opportunity for parental oral health education.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e251-e256. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
    Objectives: The UBC Children's Dental Program (CDP) has provided free dental treatments to underserved low-income children, but its preventive component needs to be enhanced. The study aims were: 1) to develop a "waiting-room based" dental education program engaging caregivers of these children, and 2) to assess the program's feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness.

    Methods: In preparation, a situational analysis (SA) included structured interviews with caregivers, and with various stakeholders (e. Read More

    Trends in emergency department visits for non-traumatic dental conditions in Ontario from 2006 to 2014.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e246-e250. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Dental Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON; Health Promotion, Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention Department, Public Health Ontario, Toronto, ON.
    Objective: In Canada, non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs) presenting in emergency departments (EDs) are dealt with by non-dental professionals who are generally not equipped to deal with such emergencies, resulting in an inefficient usage of heath care resources. This study aimed to assess the burden of ED visits for NTDCs in Ontario by observing trends from 2006 to 2014.

    Methods: Aggregate data for Ontario were obtained from the Canadian Institute for Health Information's National Ambulatory Care Reporting System. Read More

    Inequalities in oral health: Understanding the contributions of education and income.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e240-e245. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
    Objective: To quantify the extent to which income and education explain gradients in oral health outcomes.

    Methods: Using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS 2003), binary logistic regression models were constructed to examine the relationship between income and education on self-reported oral health (SROH) and chewing difficulties (CD) while controlling for age, sex, ethnicity, employment status and dental insurance coverage. The relative index of inequality (RII) was utilized to quantify the extent to which income and education explain gradients in poor SROH and CD. Read More

    Fluoride exposure and reported learning disability diagnosis among Canadian children: Implications for community water fluoridation.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e229-e239. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Department of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB; Department of Community Health Sciences and O'Brien Institute for Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
    Objectives: Recent studies have connected increased fluoride exposure with increased risk of neurodevelopmental-related outcomes, such as ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and lower IQ in children. Our primary objective was to examine the association between fluoride exposure and reported diagnosis of a learning disability among a population-based sample of Canadian children aged 3-12 years.

    Methods: We analyzed data from Cycles 2 and 3 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey. Read More

    How does the social "get under the gums"? The role of socio-economic position in the oral-systemic health link.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Sep 14;108(3):e224-e228. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    Discipline of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
    Objectives: To evaluate the extent of association between systemic inflammation and periodontal disease in American adults, and to assess whether socio-economic position mediated this relationship.

    Methods: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES IV) (2001-2010). Systemic inflammation was defined by individual and aggregate (cumulative inflammatory load) biomarkers (C-reactive protein, white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio). Read More

    Promoting children's health: Toward a consensus statement on food literacy.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e211-e213. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
    This consensus statement reflects the views of a diverse group of stakeholders convened to explore the concept of "food literacy" as it relates to children's health. Evidence-based conceptions of food literacy are needed in light of the term's popularity in health promotion and educational interventions designed to increase food skills and knowledge that contribute to overall health. Informed by a comprehensive scoping review that identified seven main themes of food literacy, meeting participants ranked those themes in terms of importance. Read More

    Zoning out methadone and rising opioid-related deaths in Ontario: Reforms and municipal government actions.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e205-e207. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Professor, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto; Affiliate Scientist, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON.
    In this commentary, we argue that the use of amendments to bylaws by Ontario cities and municipalities to restrict where and how methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics and pharmacies operate may run counter to efforts to prevent record high rates of opioid-related overdoses. As the province of Ontario seeks to reform the opioid treatment system, it is crucial to understand the structural (e.g. Read More

    A surgical intervention for the body politic: Generation Squeeze applies the Advocacy Coalition Framework to social determinants of health knowledge translation.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e199-e204. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Founder, Generation Squeeze; Associate Professor, School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
    Setting: The World Health Organization Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (SDoH) observes that building political will is central to all its recommendations, because governments respond to those who organize and show up. Since younger Canadians are less likely to vote or to organize in between elections, they are less effective at building political will than their older counterparts. This results in an age gap between SDoH research and government budget priorities. Read More

    Pathways to policy: Lessons learned in multisectoral collaboration for physical activity and built environment policy development from the Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) initiative.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e192-e198. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Program Manager, Prevention, Canadian Partnership Against Cancer, Toronto, ON.
    Objectives: The Canadian Partnership Against Cancer funded 12 large-scale knowledge to action cancer and chronic disease prevention projects between 2009 and 2016 through the Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) initiative. Two projects, Healthy Canada by Design (HCBD) and Children's Mobility, Health and Happiness (CMHH), developed policies to address physical activity and the built environment through a multisectoral approach. A qualitative analysis involving a review of 183 knowledge products and 8 key informant interviews was conducted to understand what policy changes occurred, and the underlying critical success factors, through these projects. Read More

    Trends in the leading causes of injury mortality, Australia, Canada, and the United States, 2000-2014.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e185-e191. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, GA.
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to highlight the differences in injury rates between populations through a descriptive epidemiological study of population-level trends in injury mortality for the high-income countries of Australia, Canada and the United States.

    Methods: Mortality data were available for the US from 2000 to 2014, and for Canada and Australia from 2000 to 2012. Injury causes were defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision external cause codes, and were grouped into major causes. Read More

    Diabetes risk reduction in primary care: Evaluation of the Ontario Primary Care Diabetes Prevention Program.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e176-e184. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Toronto, ON; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
    Objectives: Lifestyle interventions can reduce type 2 diabetes risk. The Primary Care Diabetes Prevention Program (PCDPP) was implemented by the Government of Ontario to lower diabetes risk. This study first evaluated the program, and second used a validated tool to estimate a potential population impact if the program were implemented more broadly in the province. Read More

    Increased mortality among Indigenous persons in a multisite cohort of people living with HIV in Canada.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e169-e175. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Women's College Research Institute, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, ON; Building Bridges Team, Toronto, ON and/or Vancouver, BC.
    Objective: Compare all-cause mortality between Indigenous participants and participants of other ethnicities living with HIV initiating combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in an interprovincial multi-site cohort.

    Methods: The Canadian Observational Cohort is a collaboration of 8 cohorts of treatment-naïve persons with HIV initiating cART after January 1, 2000. Participants were followed from the cART initiation date until death or last viral load (VL) test date on or before December 31, 2012. Read More

    Region-level obesity projections and an examination of its correlates in Quebec.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e162-e168. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC.
    Objectives: Regional public health policy-makers frequently adopt obesity programs and objectives that have been established at global, provincial/state or national levels. However, the presence of substantial inter-regional disparities could render this practice inefficient. Studies that collectively assess obesity prevalence, temporal trends and their heterogeneity at the region level are rare, though they could be used to support better regional surveillance and planning. Read More

    The economic benefits of fruit and vegetable consumption in Canada.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e152-e161. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC; H. Krueger & Associates Inc., Delta, BC.
    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of the population that meets or exceeds Canada's Food Guide (CFG) recommendations regarding the number of daily servings of fruits and vegetables (F/V), to assess trends in this proportion between 2000 and 2013, to estimate the annual economic burden attributable to inadequate F/V consumption within the context of other important risk factors, and to estimate the short- and long-term costs that could be avoided if modest improvements were made to F/V consumption in Canada.

    Methods: We used a previously developed methodology based on population-attributable fractions and a prevalence-based cost-of-illness approach to estimate the economic burden associated with low F/V consumption.

    Results: Over three quarters of Canadians are not meeting CFG recommendations regarding the number of daily servings of F/V, leading to an annual economic burden of $4. Read More

    Socio-economic status and fruit juice consumption in Canada.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e145-e151. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
    Objectives: The role of socio-economic status (SES) in fruit juice and fruit drink consumption is not well understood in a Canadian context. This study examines the relationship between SES and Canadian fruit juice and fruit drink consumption.

    Methods: The Canadian Community Health Survey (2011-2012), a cross-sectional survey that employs multistage cluster sampling, provided relevant data for a sample of 103 125 Canadians, aged 12 and older, living in the 10 provinces. Read More

    A natural experimental study of the protective effect of home ownership on household food insecurity in Canada before and after a recession (2008-2009).
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e135-e144. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
    Objectives: Home ownership as opposed to renting is associated with lower rates of food insecurity, the latter being a marker of household economic deprivation associated with adverse health outcomes. It is unclear whether this relationship persists during a major economic decline, or whether different subgroups of home owners are equally protected. The 2008-2009 recession in Canada was tied to events in the United States related to inappropriate mortgage financing; the impact of the recession on food insecurity among home owners may identify policies to mitigate recessionary outcomes. Read More

    High vulnerability to household food insecurity in a sample of Canadian renter households in government-subsidized housing.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e129-e134. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
    Objectives: To determine the prevalence and severity of household food insecurity and examine household material circumstances related to food insecurity in a sample of renter households in government-subsidized housing.

    Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 2010 Survey of Household Spending were used to determine the food insecurity status of 455 renter households living in the 10 provinces and receiving a government housing subsidy. Multivariable logistic regressions were conducted to examine the relationship between household characteristics describing material circumstances and food insecurity. Read More

    Timeliness and completeness of routine childhood vaccinations in children by two years of age in Alberta, Canada.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e124-e128. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Research and Innovation, Population Public and Indigenous Health, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, AB; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
    Objectives: Assessing timeliness and completeness of vaccine administration is important for evaluating the effectiveness of immunization programs. Few studies have reported timeliness, particularly in Canada. The objective of this study was to examine timeliness of the receipt of vaccination for each routine childhood recommended vaccine by 24 months of age among children in a community-based pregnancy cohort in Calgary, Alberta. Read More

    The contribution of excise cigarette taxes on the decline in youth smoking in Canada during the time of the Federal Tobacco Control Strategy (2002-2012).
    Can J Public Health 2017 Jun 16;108(2):e117-e123. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC.
    Objectives: To evaluate the impact of changes in cigarette taxes on smoking for youths aged 15-18 in Canada during the time of the Federal Tobacco Control Strategy (FTCS).

    Methods: We used a difference-in-differences framework and leveraged the variation in cigarette taxes across Canada and over time. We used regression models with province and year fixed effects, and individual-level and provincial-level covariates on 2002-2012 data from the Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey. Read More

    Patterns and factors of problematic marijuana use in the Canadian population: Evidence from three cross-sectional surveys.
    Can J Public Health 2017 06 16;108(2):e110-e116. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
    School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.
    Objectives: The objectives of this study are to describe marijuana use in Canada and explore factors associated with problematic use.

    Methods: Data from the 2010-2012 circulations of the Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey were used to create three logistic regression models for the purposes of identifying and comparing factors associated with the degree of marijuana use, as determined via the WHO Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Abuse Involvement Screening Test (non-problematic, problematic) and European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (experiential, recent, current) methods.

    Results: Canadians aged 15-24 years are 15 times (p < 0. Read More

    Plain packaging policy: Preventing industry innovations.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Apr 20;108(1):e98-e100. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Department of Psychology, Saint Mary's University, Halifax, NS.
    The pack is a marketing tool for the tobacco industry - its shape, colour, fonts, descriptors and logos attract and mislead smokers. Health warnings on cigarette packs serve as a knowledge reminder for smokers to quit smoking. Plain packaging eliminates brand imagery elements from cigarette packs and has many benefits, including the reduction of intention to smoke and the denormalization of smoking behaviour. Read More

    The Canadian dementia challenge: Ensuring optimal care and services for those at risk or with dementia throughout the country.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Apr 20;108(1):e95-e97. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA; Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
    In the next 15 years, Canada is predicted to face a doubling in its population affected by dementia. By 2038, an estimated 1.1 million Canadians will be experiencing dementia, with unprecedented impact on social, economic and health landscapes. Read More

    More than words: Using visual graphics for community-based health research.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Apr 20;108(1):e91-e94. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Well Living House, Centre for Urban Health Solutions (C-UHS), Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON.
    With increased attention to knowledge translation and community engagement in the applied health research field, many researchers aim to find effective ways of engaging health policy and decision makers and community stakeholders. While visual graphics such as graphs, charts, figures and photographs are common in scientific research dissemination, they are less common as a communication tool in research. In this commentary, I illustrate how and why visual graphics were created and used to facilitate dialogue and communication throughout all phases of a community-based health research study with a rural Indigenous community, advancing community engagement and knowledge utilization of a research study. Read More

    "Testing is Healthy" TimePlay campaign: Evaluation of sexual health promotion gamification intervention targeting young adults.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Apr 20;108(1):e85-e90. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.
    Objectives: The objectives of the study were to 1) describe the implementation of the "Testing is Healthy" campaign in four locations in British Columbia (BC) and 2) report process evaluation indicators for the campaign.

    Participants: Young adults ages 20-29 years, the age group with the highest reported rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in BC.

    Settings: Movie theatres located in Langley, Burnaby, Coquitlam and Surrey, which are communities served by the Fraser Health Authority (FHA) in BC. Read More

    Improving linkage to HIV care at low-threshold STI/HIV testing sites: An evaluation of the Immediate Staging Pilot Project in Vancouver, British Columbia.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Apr 20;108(1):e79-e84. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Clinical Prevention Services, BC Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, BC.
    Objectives: The objective of the Immediate Staging Pilot Project (ISPP) was to improve linkage to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care by increasing the number of referrals made to HIV care, and to decrease the time between diagnosis and linkage to care for newly diagnosed HIV clients. This pilot had the potential to decrease HIV transmission at a population level by engaging clients in treatment earlier.

    Setting: The Bute Street Clinic and Health Initiative for Men Clinic on Davie in Vancouver, British Columbia are low-threshold public health facilities providing HIV/STI testing primarily to men who have sex with men (MSM). Read More

    Evidence for the benefits of food chain interventions on E. coli 0157:H7/NM prevalence in retail ground beef and human disease incidence: A success story.
    Can J Public Health 2017 Apr 20;108(1):e71-e78. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Centre for Food-borne, Environmental and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON.
    Objectives: Human infection with Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM has historically been associated with consumption of undercooked ground beef. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of the decline in E. coli O157:H7/NM infections in Canada with the introduction of control efforts in ground beef by industry. Read More

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