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    25 results match your criteria Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy [Journal]

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    Parent Training Occupational Therapy Program for Parents of Children with Autism in Korea.
    Occup Ther Int 2017 1;2017:4741634. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Inje University, 197 Inje Rd, Gimhae-si, Gyeongsangnam-do 621-749, Republic of Korea.
    Attitudes and beliefs about parent participation in occupational therapy are shifting toward family-centered practice worldwide. However, adopting a family-centered approach in a society such as Korea, where a Confucian culture of hierarchical roles is reflected in a strong medical model, can prove to be very difficult. A parent training program was developed at the HOPE Center, a pediatric occupational therapy center, to bridge the gap between the traditional medical model and the ideal family-centered model. Read More

    Efficacy of Occupational Therapy Task-oriented Approach in Upper Extremity Post-stroke Rehabilitation.
    Occup Ther Int 2016 Dec 20;23(4):444-456. Epub 2016 Oct 20.
    Department of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
    There is a need for more effective rehabilitation methods for individuals post-stroke. Occupational Therapy Task-Oriented (TO) approach has not been evaluated in a randomized clinical trial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional and impairment efficacies of TO approach on the more-affected Upper Extremity (UE) of persons post-stroke. Read More

    Goal Attainment Scaling in Individuals with Upper Limb Spasticity Post Stroke.
    Occup Ther Int 2016 Dec 3;23(4):379-389. Epub 2016 Oct 3.
    Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Focusing on rehabilitation goals is an effective approach for improving function in individuals with spasticity after stroke. The objectives of this study were to examine and map goals of post-stroke individuals with spasticity using the Goal Attainment Scale (GAS) and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and to evaluate the impact of botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) on occupational performance based on the type of rehabilitation goals. Thirty-one patients were recruited from an outpatient spasticity management clinic. Read More

    Forensic Occupational Therapy in Canada: The Current State of Practice.
    Occup Ther Int 2016 Sep 17;23(3):229-40. Epub 2016 Feb 17.
    Occupational Therapy Program, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario,, Canada.
    Although occupational therapists have been practicing in forensic settings for many years, there is a paucity of literature regarding the nature of this practice in Canada. The purpose of this study was to describe the practices of Canadian occupational therapists in forensic mental health. An online survey was designed based on the Canadian Practice Process Framework. Read More

    The Occupational Profile of Women with Fibromyalgia Syndrome.
    Occup Ther Int 2016 Jun 17;23(2):132-42. Epub 2015 Dec 17.
    Rey Juan Carlos University, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine Department, Avenida de Atenas s/n, CP.28922, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain.
    The aims of this study were to assess the functional level of women with fibromyalgia; to investigate the differences in the occupational activities between women with fibromyalgia and healthy women; and to analyse the perceived importance of occupational performance during self-care, productivity and leisure activities. A cross-sectional case control study was performed. Twenty women with fibromyalgia and 20 healthy women completed the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), a Numerical Pain Rating Scale, the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and the SF-36 health survey. Read More

    Occupations that people with late effects of polio perceive difficult to perform.
    Occup Ther Int 2014 Sep 11;21(3):98-107. Epub 2014 Mar 11.
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.
    The aims of this study were to describe which occupations that people with late effects of polio perceive difficult to perform, which occupational area the occupations were related to and their level of complexity. The aims were also to describe their own perception of the importance, performance and satisfaction with these occupations. Sixty-two participants (mean age 61 years) were assessed with the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. Read More

    Reduction of non-adherent behaviour in a Mexican-American adolescent with type 2 diabetes.
    Occup Ther Int 2014 Mar;21(1):42-51
    Health Matters First of Florida, Oakland, Florida, USA.
    This single-subject research aimed to evaluate the effect of occupation-based activities to improve diabetes self-management skills in a non-adherent 19-year-old Mexican-American adolescent transitioning to young adulthood. Using a pre-test/post-test design, the subject's performance was re-evaluated with five standardized measures following an 8-week intervention. The subject made major improvements on the Diabetes Self-Efficacy Scale, Exercise Behaviour and in goal attainment of targeted behaviours on the basis of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. Read More

    Community engagement: outcomes for occupational therapy students, faculty and clients.
    Occup Ther Int 2014 Jun 29;21(2):71-80. Epub 2014 Jan 29.
    The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, USA.
    Students in health care professions, including occupational therapy, are required to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes in mental health and research. Persons diagnosed with a mental illness, a learning disability or an autism-spectrum disorder desire to achieve goals in higher education and employment. Faculty in health care programmes strives to meet professional goals and accreditation and institution requirements for teaching, service and scholarship. Read More

    Global partnerships for international fieldwork in occupational therapy: reflection and innovation.
    Occup Ther Int 2013 Jun;20(2):88-96
    Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    International fieldwork placements (IFPs) have become very popular among healthcare students including those in occupational therapy programmes. There are many potential benefits that can accrue to the students; however, there are critiques of international placements especially for students going to underserviced areas. The purpose of this paper is to provide a case study/model programme description that critically reflects on six partnerships in three underserviced countries that provide IFPs to students from one Canadian university. Read More

    International research partnerships in occupational therapy: a Canadian-Zambian case study.
    Occup Ther Int 2013 Jun 26;20(2):78-87. Epub 2013 Mar 26.
    Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    The country of Zambia's Sixth National Development Plan includes many objectives related to participation and health that align with values underlying occupational therapy. Given this link, occupational therapy research has the potential to advance the Sixth National Development Plan and thereby enhance the participation and health of Zambians. However, there is neither a school of occupational therapy nor many occupational therapists working in Zambia. Read More

    The Pirate group intervention protocol: description and a case report of a modified constraint-induced movement therapy combined with bimanual training for young children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy.
    Occup Ther Int 2012 Jun 12;19(2):76-87. Epub 2011 Jul 12.
    Sint Maartenskliniek, Department of Pediatric Rehabilitation, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    The purpose of this article was to describe a child-friendly modified constraint-induced movement therapy protocol that is combined with goal-directed task-specific bimanual training (mCIMT-BiT). This detailed description elucidates the approach and supports various research reports. This protocol is used in a Pirate play group setting and aims to extend bimanual skills in play and self-care activities for children with cerebral palsy and unilateral spastic paresis of the upper limb. Read More

    A systematic review of cognitive stimulation therapy for older adults with mild to moderate dementia: an occupational therapy perspective.
    Occup Ther Int 2011 Dec 21;18(4):163-86. Epub 2011 Mar 21.
    Bethany Care Centre, Calgary, AB, Canada.
    In response to the need for effective non-pharmacological approaches for individuals with mild to moderate dementia, cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) interventions aim to optimize cognitive function. The present literature review explored the effectiveness of CST and the congruence of this approach with occupational therapy. Twenty-four databases and 13 "grey" sources were searched. Read More

    A client-centred, occupation-based occupational therapy programme for adults with psychiatric diagnoses.
    Occup Ther Int 2010 Sep;17(3):105-12
    HLTH/MSOT, Richard Stockton College, Pomona City, NJ 08240, USA.
    The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a client-centred, occupation-based occupational therapy programme for individuals with psychiatric diagnoses. The study took place in a college campus. A pre-test/post-test design was used. Read More

    Effects of robotic-aided rehabilitation on recovery of upper extremity function in chronic stroke: a single case study.
    Occup Ther Int 2009 ;16(3-4):232-43
    Sister Kenny Institute, and The College of St. Catherine, St. Paul, Minneapolis, MN 55407, USA.
    The objective of the study was to examine the results of robotic therapy in a single client. A 48-year-old female client 15 months post-stroke, with right hemiparesis, received robotic therapy as an outpatient in a large Midwestern rehabilitation hospital. Robotic therapy was provided three times a week for 6 weeks. Read More

    The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by Canadian occupational therapists.
    Occup Ther Int 2009 ;16(1):6-24
    Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Occupational Therapy, 2-64 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G4.
    The purpose of this study was to describe the proportion of occupational therapists currently using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), or providing referrals to CAM practitioners, as well as the purposes of use/referral in one Canadian region. A questionnaire survey on CAM was sent through e-mail and post to 1123 Canadian occupational therapists. Content, construct and face validity, as well as response, desirability/social, and instrument bias were considered and controlled through study design. Read More

    The application of client-centred occupational therapy for Korean children with developmental disabilities.
    Occup Ther Int 2008 ;15(4):253-68
    Department of Occupational Therapy, Hanseo University, 360, Daegok-Ri, Haemi-Myun, Seosan-City, Choongnam-Province, Korea.
    The aim of this paper was to investigate the effectiveness of client-centred occupational therapy using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) and the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS). Eight girls and 23 boys from Korea, with developmental disabilities and from 3 to 10 years of age participated in this study. Each child participated in 20 to 24 sessions of client-centred occupational therapy. Read More

    New-immigrant women in urban Canada: insights into occupation and sociocultural context.
    Occup Ther Int 2007 ;14(4):203-20
    The Scarborough Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Recent statistics have shown that women from South Asia comprise one of the largest sub-groups of immigrants to enter Canada. The majority of this population has settled in the city of Toronto. As immigrants adapt to new physical, social, political, and economic environments in a new country, they are also subject to changes in occupational roles and expectations. Read More

    A comparison of Canadian and Australian paediatric occupational therapists.
    Occup Ther Int 2005 ;12(3):137-61
    Occupational Therapy Programme, School of Primary Health Care, Monash University, Peninsula Campus, Frankston, Victoria, Australia.
    Paediatric occupational therapists were surveyed regarding their practices in Canada and Australia. Two hundred and eighty-nine Canadian occupational therapists and 330 Australian occupational therapists participated representing response rates of 28.9% and 55% respectively. Read More

    Effects of a hand training programme in five patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1.
    Occup Ther Int 2005 ;12(1):14-27
    Karolinska University Hospital, SOLNA, Department of Occupational Therapy, Division of Neurology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The aim of this study was to evaluate hand function and self-rated occupational performance before and after specific hand training in five participants with myotonic dystrophy (MD) type 1. MD is the commonest of the muscular dystrophies with adult onset and is associated with muscle weakness, wasting and myotonia. Compensatory techniques and strategies are mostly offered as the only intervention therapy. Read More

    Reliability and validity of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure for clients with psychiatric disorders in Taiwan.
    Occup Ther Int 2003 ;10(4):269-77
    School of Occupational Therapy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    The purpose of the study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) in Taiwanese clients with psychiatric disorders. The COPM was translated into Mandarin and tested on 141 Taiwanese clients. The average age of the clients was 35. Read More

    Experiences with the COPM and client-centred practice in adult neurorehabilitation in Taiwan.
    Occup Ther Int 2002 ;9(3):167-84
    Vicome Rehabilitation Clinic, Kaohsiung Taiwan, Republic of China.
    The application of a client-centred approach and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) were investigated in a neurorehabilitation unit in Taiwan. Four Taiwanese occupational therapists were trained in the use of client-centred practice and the COPM before using them with 12 clients attending neurorehabilitation. The COPM and the Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNL) were administered before treatment and after one month of neurorehabilitation to investigate the sensitivity of the COPM in measuring change. Read More

    Perceived benefits of word prediction intervention on written productivity in children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus.
    Occup Ther Int 2002 ;9(3):237-55
    Bloorview MacMillan Children' s Centre and University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Word prediction has been commonly used as a tool to enhance written productivity. However, the effectiveness of word prediction as a strategy to meet this targeted outcome has not been established. Using a single-subject alternating treatments design, this study evaluated the effect of word prediction on written productivity from the users' perspectives. Read More

    Inquiry-based learning: An instructional alternative for occupational therapy education.
    Occup Ther Int 2001 ;8(3):198-209
    Centre for Health Promotion Studies, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
    An inquiry-based learning (IBL) approach was used as the model of instruction in one of three sections offered annually to large introductory occupational therapy classes in a Canadian university during 1994/5, 1995/6, 1996/7. Students' final grades in this pre-entry course form part of the grade point average on which admission to the BSc OT programme is based. The IBL model was employed to (1) increase the amount of student-directed learning, (2) increase the amount of independent problem-solving, (3) increase student-instructor interaction within the learning situation, and (4) reduce the number of in-class hours for students. Read More

    SHORT REPORT Developing awareness of spirituality in occupational therapy students: Are our curricula up to the task?
    Occup Ther Int 2001 ;8(2):119-125
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Although spirituality is recognized as an important component of occupational therapy practice, students and clinicians are not well prepared to attend to this area. This study examines the manner and extent to which Canadian occupational therapy education addresses the concept of spirituality. A survey investigating spirituality in occupational therapy curricula was sent to all 12 Canadian occupational therapy programmes, with a response rate of 83%. Read More

    Fieldwork education: The future of occupational therapy depends on it.
    Occup Ther Int 2001 ;8(2):86-95
    Sunnybrook and Women’s College Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Fieldwork continues to be the cornerstone of preparation for entry-level occupational therapy clinicians. During the past five years the Canadian healthcare system has experienced decreases in federal funding, organizational changes such as the movement to programme management, and increased focus on community-based needs. Two fieldwork projects were tested at a large health sciences facility, to meet the challenge of providing effective fieldwork experiences that build on current educational methodologies while still responding to changing realities in healthcare practice. Read More

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