119,133 results match your criteria Canadian Journal of Geriatrics [Journal]


Research Citation Analysis of Canadian Nursing Academics: 9-year Follow-Up.

J Adv Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Red Deer College, Red Deer, Alberta, Canada.

The present study is a follow-up to an analysis of research citations of nursing academics in Canada that was conducted in 2009 (Hack et al., 2010). The goal of this earlier research was to describe the research publication productivity of these individuals using citation analysis, and in so doing, both honour these individuals and promote nursing research scholarship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.13977DOI Listing
February 2019

Student and new graduate perception of hospital versus institutional clinic for clinical educational experience.

J Chiropr Educ 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Objective:: To explore final-year students and new graduates from 2 North American chiropractic colleges regarding perceptions of the clinical educational experience in a hospital vs the institutional clinical setting.

Methods:: A qualitative exploratory descriptive design was used for this research. Students and new graduates were invited to participate from a United States and Canadian chiropractic college. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7899/JCE-18-13DOI Listing
February 2019

Blood pressure and hypertension.

Health Rep 2019 Feb;30(2):14-21

Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Background: Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a major cause of disability and the leading risk factor for death around the world. Ongoing surveillance is necessary to monitor and assess the population burden of hypertension in Canada.

Data And Methods: Using measured data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey, this analysis estimates average systolic blood pressure (BP), average diastolic BP, and hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control in the population aged 20 to 79 years in the period from 2012 to 2015 by sex and age group. Read More

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February 2019

Risk factors for hypertension in Canada.

Health Rep 2019 Feb;30(2):3-13

Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, and the Institute of Clinical and Evaluative Sciences, Ottawa, Ontario.

Background: Hypertension (or high blood pressure) affects almost one in four adults in Canada. Quantifying risk factors associated with hypertension may help to inform prevention efforts.

Data And Methods: Data from the first four cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (including 13,407 respondents) were used to identify hypertension status by systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and the use of antihypertensive medications. Read More

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February 2019

The State of the Evidence for Whole-System, Multi-Modality Naturopathic Medicine: A Systematic Scoping Review.

J Altern Complement Med 2019 Feb;25(2):141-168

1 National Centre for Naturopathic Medicine, Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia.

Objective: To summarize the current state of the research evidence for whole-system, multi-modality naturopathic medicine.

Design: A systematic search for research articles from around the world was undertaken using MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, AMED, and WHO regional indexes. Naturopathic journals and gray literature were hand searched. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2018.0340DOI Listing
February 2019

Lessons from Outside and Within: Exploring Advancements in Methodology for Naturopathic Medicine Clinical Research.

J Altern Complement Med 2019 Feb;25(2):135-140

1 Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University of Technology Sydney, Faculty of Health, Ultimo, Australia.

Introduction: Naturopathy is a mixture of both traditional and complementary medicine. It incorporates a broad set of health care practices that may or may not be traditional to that country or conventional medicine and are not fully integrated into the dominant health care system. Research required to evaluate or substantiate naturopathic medicine may not fall under the testing of randomized clinical trials, which opens up discussions on what is the best practice for research in naturopathic medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acm.2018.0403DOI Listing
February 2019

Cost-Effectiveness of Mitral Valve Repair Versus Replacement for Severe Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: A Randomized Clinical Trial From the Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network

Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2018 Nov 14;11(11):13. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Background: The CTSN (Cardiothoracic Surgical Trials Network) recently reported no difference in left ventricular end-systolic volume index or in survival at 2 years between patients with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) randomized to mitral valve repair or replacement. However, replacement provided more durable correction of MR and fewer cardiovascular readmissions. Yet, costeffectiveness outcomes have not been addressed. Read More

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November 2018

Fortifying Angiogenesis in Ischemic Muscle with FGF9-Loaded Electrospun Poly(Ester Amide) Fibers.

Adv Healthc Mater 2019 Feb 20:e1801294. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Robarts Research Institute, Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Department of Biochemistry, Department of Medical Biophysics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London Health Sciences Centre, 339 Windermere Rd, London, Ontario, N6A 5A5, Canada.

Delivery of angiogenic growth factors lessens ischemia in preclinical models but has demonstrated little benefit in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Augmenting the wrapping of nascent microvessels by mural cells constitutes an alternative strategy to regenerating a functional microvasculature, particularly if integrated with a sustained delivery platform. Herein, electrospun poly(ester amide) (PEA) nanofiber mats are fabricated for delivering a mural cell-targeting factor, fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adhm.201801294DOI Listing
February 2019

A scoping review of harm reduction training for police officers.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2019 Feb;38(2):131-150

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Issues: Preventable overdose deaths, especially due to opioids, have increasingly been reported worldwide. Expansion of life-saving harm reduction services is underway with increasing public support in some jurisdictions. However, such services often fall short of reaching people who use drugs (PWUD), in part, due to law enforcement practices that are aligned with punitive drug laws and incongruent with harm reduction principles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12904DOI Listing
February 2019

Antifungal activities of combined treatments of irradiation and essential oils (EOs) encapsulated chitosan nanocomposite films in in vitro and in situ conditions.

Int J Food Microbiol 2019 Feb 12;295:33-40. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Research Laboratories in Sciences Applied to Food, Canadian Irradiation Centre, INRS-Institute Armand-Frappier, 531 des prairies blvd., Laval City, Québec H7V 1B7, Canada. Electronic address:

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) reinforced chitosan based antifungal films were prepared by encapsulating essential oils (EOs) nanoemulsion. Vapor phase assays of the chitosan-based nanocomposite films loaded with thyme-oregano, thyme-tea tree and thyme-peppermint EO mixtures showed significant antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, and Penicillium chrysogenum, reducing their growth by 51-77%. Combining the bioactive chitosan films loaded with thyme and oregano EOs produced ~2 log reduction in fungal growth in inoculated rice during 8 weeks of storage at 28 °C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Prenatal noise stress aggravates cognitive decline and the onset and progression of beta amyloid pathology in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

Neurobiol Aging 2019 Jan 30;77:66-86. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Neuroscience, Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience (CCBN), University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Environmental distresses occurring during the sensitive periods of early life may exacerbate the vulnerability to develop physical and mental diseases in old age. Studies have shown the impact of prenatal stress (PS) on the endocrine development and reprogramming of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functions in association with cognitive development and susceptibility to neuropsychiatric diseases. Long-term exposure to glucocorticoids can damage the brain and intensify the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like neuropathological changes, especially in females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2019.01.019DOI Listing
January 2019

No. 375-Clinical Practice Guideline on the Use of First Trimester Ultrasound.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2019 Mar;41(3):388-395

Sherbrooke, QC.

Objective: This guideline reviews the clinical indications for first trimester ultrasound.

Outcome: Proven clinical benefit has been reported from first trimester ultrasound.

Evidence: A Medline search and bibliography reviews in relevant literature provided the evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2018.09.020DOI Listing

No. 374-Universal Cervical Length Screening.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2019 Mar;41(3):363-374.e1

Toronto, ON.

Objective: To review the evidence and provide an opinion as to whether universal cervical length screening to prevent preterm birth should be adopted across Canada.

Outcomes: Outcomes evaluated include prevention of preterm birth.

Evidence: Literature searches using Knowledge Finder, Medline and Cochrane databases were searched for articles published up to April 2018 on cervical length screening for prevention of preterm birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2018.09.019DOI Listing

Long-Term Fostamatinib Treatment of Adults with Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) during the Phase 3 Clinical Trial Program.

Am J Hematol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Rigel Pharmaceuticals Inc., South San Francisco, CA, United States.

Two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies demonstrated responses (≥50,000/μL) to fostamatinib in adults with long-standing immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). The long-term safety and efficacy of fostamatinib was evaluated in a follow-on, open-label-extension (OLE) study. Patients received double-blind fostamatinib in the randomized trials, and responders continued the same dose, 100-150mg BID, in the OLE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25444DOI Listing
February 2019

Les traits d'identité culturelle en lien avec le statut d'immigrant et l'ethnicité : quel lien avec les symptômes de détresse psychologique et les symptômes dépressifs dans la main-d'œuvre canadienne? Résultats des neuf cycles de l'ENSP.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

L'École des Relations Industrielles, Université de Montréal, Montréal (Québec), Pavillon Lionel-Groulx, École de relations industrielles CP 6128, Succursale Centre-ville Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.

Purpose: This study investigated variations over time of psychological distress and depressive symptoms among working Canadians according to two cultural identity traits: ethnicity and immigration status.

Method: Data came from the nine cycles of the National Population Health Survey (NPHS) conducted by Statistics Canada. Based on a sample of 7069 workers, multiple regressions analyses and multilevel regressions models were carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00186-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Exposure by Analysis of Meconium Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters; A National Canadian Study.

Sci Rep 2019 Feb 19;9(1):2298. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of laboratory medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Our study aimed to estimate the prevalence of heavy fetal alcohol exposure through the analysis of meconium FAEEs as an objective biomarker of fetal exposure. We conducted a study on meconium samples collected nationwide through the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) Study Group. FAEE in meconium was quantified by an established headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME GC-MS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38856-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Molecular basis for the potent inhibition of the emerging carbapenemase VCC-1 by avibactam.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, R3T 2N2

In 2016 we identified a new class A carbapenemase, VCC-1, in nontoxigenic that had been isolated from retail shrimp imported into Canada for human consumption. Shortly thereafter, seven additional VCC-1 producing were isolated along the German coastline. These isolates appear to have acquired the VCC-1 gene () independently from the Canadian isolate, suggesting is mobile and widely distributed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02112-18DOI Listing
February 2019

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA): a scoping review protocol concerning indications-advantages and challenges of implementation in traumatic non-compressible torso haemorrhage.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 19;9(2):e027572. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Trauma and Acute Surgical Care, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Introduction: Haemorrhage remains the leading cause of preventable death in trauma. Damage control measures applied to patients in extremis in order to control exsanguinating bleeding from non-compressible torso injuries use different techniques to limit blood flow from the aorta to the rest of the body. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is regaining momentum recently as an adjunct measure that can provide the same results using less invasive approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027572DOI Listing
February 2019

Self-regulation and the gene () in humans.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2M 2L9, Canada;

Foraging is a goal-directed behavior that balances the need to explore the environment for resources with the need to exploit those resources. In , distinct phenotypes have been observed in relation to the gene (), labeled the rover and sitter. Adult rovers explore their environs more extensively than do adult sitters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1809924116DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations between low- and high-dose oral fluconazole and pregnancy outcomes: 3 nested case-control studies.

CMAJ 2019 Feb;191(7):E179-E187

Research Centre (Bérard, Sheehy, Zhao, Gorgui), CHU Sainte-Justine; Faculty of Pharmacy (Bérard, Gorgui), University of Montreal; Faculty of Medicine (Bernatsky, Moura), McGill University; Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Epidemiology (Abrahamowicz), McGill University, Montréal, Que.

Background: While topical azoles are the first-line treatment for fungal infections, oral fluconazole is frequently used during pregnancy. We aimed to assess the effect of exposure to low and high doses of fluconazole during pregnancy on the occurrence of spontaneous abortions, major congenital malformations and stillbirths.

Methods: Within the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort (1998-2015), we identified women exposed to low- (≤ 150 mg) and high-dose (> 150 mg) fluconazole, and women who were not exposed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.180963DOI Listing
February 2019

Dangerous diagnostics? Regulatory reform in the genomic era.

BMJ 2019 Feb 19;364:l640. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Sociology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l640DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of Healthy User Effects With Metformin and Other Oral Antihyperglycemia Medication Users in Adult Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

Can J Diabetes 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Alliance for Canadian Health Outcomes Research in Diabetes, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: Healthy user bias, whereby health-seeking patients are more likely to initiate preventive therapies and engage in healthy lifestyle behaviours, is well known in observational studies, particularly with statins. However, its influence in studies of oral antihyperglycemic therapies is unknown. We sought to explore the healthy user effects in metformin users vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjd.2018.12.001DOI Listing
December 2018

Conference proceeding from the 50 Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Paediatric Surgeons: "CAPS Serving Canada - Gender, Diversity, and CAPS".

Authors:
Kathryn Martin

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, PennState Health Children's Hospital, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA; Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State University, Hershey, PA. Electronic address:

Gender and diversity in the workforce are hot topics in both the public and professional spheres. Medicine has not been immune to these discussions, with many recent publications highlighting the lack of equal representation of women and minorities within medicine and surgery. This paper will review the history and current state of gender and minority representation in the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons (CAPS) as presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of CAPS in September 2018 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons' state of wellness.

J Pediatr Surg 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

The following is a summary of the fourth Ein Panel Debate Session from the 50th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons (CAPS) held in Toronto, ON, from September 26-29, 2018. The session focused on surgeon well-being at different stages of career: role of mentorship at the start of career, second victim syndrome, litigation stress syndrome, and retirement. Using Maslach Burnout Inventory Survey, CAPS members were presented their wellness scores as a group compared to other health care providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019

Neurodevelopmental outcome at 5 years of age after general anaesthesia or awake-regional anaesthesia in infancy (GAS): an international, multicentre, randomised, controlled equivalence trial.

Lancet 2019 Feb 14;393(10172):664-677. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Anaesthesia and Pain Management Research Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, VIC, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: In laboratory animals, exposure to most general anaesthetics leads to neurotoxicity manifested by neuronal cell death and abnormal behaviour and cognition. Some large human cohort studies have shown an association between general anaesthesia at a young age and subsequent neurodevelopmental deficits, but these studies are prone to bias. Others have found no evidence for an association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32485-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing general public and policy influencer support for healthy public policies to promote healthy eating at the population level in two Canadian provinces.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 20:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

1School of Public Health,University of Alberta,3-300 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy,11405 - 87 Avenue,Edmonton,Alberta,Canada,T6G 1C9.

Objective: To assess and compare the favourability of healthy public policy options to promote healthy eating from the perspective of members of the general public and policy influencers in two Canadian provinces.

Design: The Chronic Disease Prevention Survey, administered in 2016, required participants to rank their level of support for different evidence-based policy options to promote healthy eating at the population level. Pearson's χ 2 significance testing was used to compare support between groups for each policy option and results were interpreted using the Nuffield Council on Bioethics' intervention ladder framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018004068DOI Listing
February 2019

Antimicrobial stewardship in rural nursing homes: Impact of interprofessional education and clinical decision tool implementation on urinary tract infection treatment in a cluster randomized trial.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 20:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Scientific Affairs,Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health,Ottawa, Ontario,Canada.

Objectives: To measure the impact of an antimicrobial stewardship initiative on the rate of urine culture testing and antimicrobial prescribing for urinary tract infections (UTIs) between control and intervention sites. Secondary objectives included evaluation of potential harms of the intervention and identifying characteristics of the population prescribed antimicrobials for UTI.

Design: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.9DOI Listing
February 2019

The health equity measurement framework: a comprehensive model to measure social inequities in health.

Int J Equity Health 2019 Feb 19;18(1):36. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Background: Despite the wealth of frameworks on social determinants of health (SDOH), two current limitations include the relative superficial description of factors affecting health and a lack of focus on measuring health equity. The Health Equity Measurement Framework (HEMF) addresses these gaps by providing a more encompassing view of the multitude of SDOH and drivers of health service utilisation and by guiding quantitative analysis for public health surveillance and policy development. The objective of this paper is to present the HEMF, which was specifically designed to measure the direct and indirect effects of SDOH to support improved statistical modelling and measurement of health equity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-0935-0DOI Listing
February 2019

The role of maternal homocysteine concentration in placenta-mediated complications: findings from the Ottawa and Kingston birth cohort.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 19;19(1):75. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Homocysteine is an intermediate metabolite implicated in the risk of placenta-mediated complications, including preeclampsia, placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and pregnancy loss. Large cohort and case-control studies have reported inconsistent associations between homocysteine and these complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether elevated maternal plasma homocysteine concentration in the early to mid-second trimester is associated with an increased risk of placenta-mediated complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2219-5DOI Listing
February 2019

The Occurrence of PVY, PVY, and PVY Strains of Potato virus Y in Certified Potato Seed Lot Trials in Washington and Oregon.

Plant Dis 2006 Aug;90(8):1102-1105

Crop and Soils Science Department, Washington State University, Pullman 99164.

Totals of 960 and 286 certified potato seed lots from locations across North America were planted in trials in Washington and Oregon, respectively, in 2001 to 2003 and tested for strains of Potato virus Y (PVY). The incidence of PVY-infected lots averaged 16.4 and 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-1102DOI Listing

Molecular and Morphological Evidence for Interspecific Hybridization Between Cronartium ribicola and C. comandrae on Pinus flexilis in Southwestern Alberta.

Plant Dis 2006 Dec;90(12):1552

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada.

In May 2003, a survey was conducted in southwestern Alberta, east of the Rocky Mountains, to determine the extent of the spread and genetic diversity of white pine blister rust, which is caused by Cronartium ribicola J.C. Fisch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-1552ADOI Listing
December 2006

Genetic Diversity of Gibberella zeae Isolates from Manitoba.

Plant Dis 2006 Oct;90(10):1337-1342

Cereal Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2M9, Canada.

Gibberella zeae (anamorph Fusarium graminearum) causes Fusarium head blight, one of the most important diseases of cereals in the Canadian prairies for the last decade. In 2002, 60 isolates of G. zeae were collected and single spored from naturally infected spikes of wheat from Carman and Winnipeg in Manitoba. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-90-1337DOI Listing
October 2006

First Report of Plum pox virus on Plum in New York State.

Plant Dis 2007 Nov;91(11):1512

USDA-APHIS, PPQ-CPHST, NPGBL, Beltsville, MD 20705.

Plum pox, also known as Sharka, is one of the more significant viral diseases of stone fruit trees such as plum, peach, and apricot. It was first reported in Europe in the early 1900s and more recently in Chile in 1992, the United States (Pennsylvania) in 1999, Canada (Ontario and Nova Scotia) in 2000, China in 2001, and Argentina in 2004. Plum pox virus (PPV) was recently detected in two plum (Prunus domestica) trees in an orchard in Niagara County, NY, located within 5 miles from a Canadian plum pox eradication zone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-11-1512CDOI Listing
November 2007
1 Read

First Report of Leaf Spot and Root Rot Caused by Phoma betae on Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Garden Beet Group) in Italy.

Plant Dis 2007 Nov;91(11):1515

Centre of Competence AGROINNOVA, University of Torino, Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, Italy.

In the winter of 2007 in Piedmont (northern Italy), symptoms of a previously unknown disease were observed on beet (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris) (garden beet group) grown under a tunnel on several commercial farms near Cuneo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-11-1515CDOI Listing
November 2007

First Report of the Root-Rot Pathogen, Armillaria nabsnona, from Hawaii.

Plant Dis 2007 May;91(5):634

USDA Forest Service, RMRS, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 1221 South Main Street, Moscow, ID 83843.

The genus Armillaria (2) and Armillaria mellea sensu lato (3) have been reported previously from Hawaii. However, Armillaria species in Hawaii have not been previously identified by DNA sequences, compatibility tests, or other methods that distinguish currently recognized taxa. In August 2005, Armillaria rhizomorphs and mycelial bark fans were collected from two locations on the island of Hawaii. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-5-0634BDOI Listing

Plant Germplasm Centers and Microbial Culture Collections: A User's Guide to Key Genetic Resources for Plant Pathology.

Plant Dis 2007 May;91(5):476-484

NCIMB Ltd., Ferguson Building, Craibstone Estate, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB21 9YA Scotland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-5-0476DOI Listing

Potato aucuba mosaic virus in Potato in New York State.

Plant Dis 2007 Sep;91(9):1202

Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850.

Solanum tuberosum cv. Elmer's Blue is one of a number of heritage potato accessions maintained at Cornell University that exhibit virus-like symptoms of stunting and a leaf yellowing or a mottle mosaic. Testing of this cultivar by double-antibody sandwich (DAS)-ELISA revealed that it was infected with Potato virus S (PVS) but none of the other common potato viruses screened for in North American potato certification programs (3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-9-1202ADOI Listing
September 2007

First Report of Bois Noir Phytoplasma in Grapevine in Canada.

Plant Dis 2007 Dec;91(12):1682

Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Centre for Plant Health, Sidney Laboratory, 8801 East Saanich Rd, Sidney, BC, Canada, V8L 1H3.

During the summer and fall of 2006, a survey was done to detect European phytoplasmas of quarantine significance in Canadian vineyards. This survey was developed as one of the 2006 import requirements for grapevine nursery stock from Europe. This addresses the increased concerns regarding inadvertent phytoplasma introductions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-12-1682ADOI Listing
December 2007

First Report of Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid in Petunia hybrida from the United States of America.

Plant Dis 2007 Mar;91(3):324

Plant Protection Service, Unit Virology, P.O. Box 9102, 6700 HC Wageningen, the Netherlands.

In November 2005, 13 accessions of Petunia hybrida from the United States of America entered the post-entry quarantine station of the Plant Protection Service in the Netherlands. The plants were inspected and tested for quarantine organisms according to Directives 95/44 and 97/46 of the European Union. No virus and viroid symptoms were observed in the imported plants or in mechanically inoculated plants of Chenopodium quinoa, Nicotiana benthamiana, and N. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-3-0324BDOI Listing

A Specific and Sensitive Method for the Detection of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in Dry Bean Tissue.

Plant Dis 2007 Oct;91(10):1271-1276

AAFC, Morden Research Station, Unit 100-101, Route 100, Morden, MB, R6M 1Y5.

To facilitate early diagnosis and improve control of bean anthracnose, a rapid, specific, and sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method was developed to detect the causal agent, Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) seed. Based on sequence data of the rDNA region consisting of the 5.8S gene and internal transcribed spacers (ITS) 1 and 2 of four C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-10-1271DOI Listing
October 2007

Occurrence of Potato Cyst Nematode, Globodera rostochiensis, on Potato in the Saint-Amable Region, Quebec, Canada.

Plant Dis 2007 Jul;91(7):908

Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, Ontario K2H 8P9 Canada.

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. tuberosum) is one of the most important food crops in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-7-0908ADOI Listing

First Report of Subanguina radicicola, the Root-Gall Nematode Infecting Poa annua Putting Greens in Washington State.

Authors:
N A Mitkowski

Plant Dis 2007 Jul;91(7):905

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston 02881.

In the fall of 2006, a golf course in Snoqualmie, WA renovated five putting greens with commercially produced Poa annua L. sod from British Columbia, Canada. Prior to the renovation, the greens had been planted with Agrostis stolonifera L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-7-0905CDOI Listing

Virulence Diversity in the Population of Bipolaris sorokiniana.

Authors:
H Ghazvini A Tekauz

Plant Dis 2007 Jul;91(7):814-821

Cereal Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 195 Dafoe Road, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2M9, Canada.

Spot blotch, caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana, is a damaging disease of barley in Canada, especially in the prairie region (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta) where most of Canadian crops are produced. Considerable interaction between isolates of the pathogen and barley genotypes necessitates the evaluation of the virulence diversity in the B. sorokiniana population in order to deploy effective resistance against the pathogen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-7-0814DOI Listing

The Oral Health of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Canada: A Mixed Methods Study Protocol.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 13;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, 500-2001 McGill College, Montréal, QC H3A 1G1, Canada.

Canada received over 140,000 refugees and asylum seekers between 2015 and 2017. This paper presents a protocol with the purpose of generating robust baseline data on the oral health of this population and build a long-term program of research to improve their access to dental care in Canada. The three-phase project uses a sequential mixed methods design, with the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations as the conceptual framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040542DOI Listing
February 2019

Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Exercise Training in Persons Living with Type 1 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 17;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Physical Activity Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention Unit, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Exercise is advocated in the management of type 1 diabetes (T1D), but the effects of different forms of exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in T1D still remain unclear. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on exercise training for cardiovascular risk factors in T1D. Six electronic databases were systematically searched for randomized or non-randomized controlled studies reporting associations between exercise training and cardiovascular risk factors in T1D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020253DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessment of Packaged Foods and Beverages Carrying Nutrition Marketing against Canada's Food Guide Recommendations.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 15;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.

Canadians' food purchases consist largely of packaged processed and ultra-processed products, which typically fall outside the "core" foods recommended by Canada's Food Guide (CFG). Almost half of packaged products in Canada carry nutrition marketing (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020411DOI Listing
February 2019

Assessing the impacts of minimum legal drinking age laws on police-reported violent victimization in Canada from 2009 to 2013.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Feb 5;197:65-72. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Northern Medical Program, University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC), 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, V2N 4Z9, Canada; Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (CISUR), University of Victoria, 2300 McKenzie Ave., Victoria, BC, V8N 5M8, Canada. Electronic address:

Background/aim: Given that alcohol-related victimization is highly prevalent among young adults, the current study aimed to assess the potential impacts of Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) laws on police-reported violent victimization events among young people.

Design: A regression-discontinuity (RD) approach was applied to victimization data from the Canadian Uniform Crime Reporting 2 (UCR2) Incident-based survey from 2009-2013. Participants/cases: All police-reported violent victimization events (females: n = 178,566; males: n = 156,803) among youth aged 14-22 years in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.025DOI Listing
February 2019

Cost-effectiveness of Osteoporosis Interventions to Improve Quality of Care after Upper Extremity Fracture: Results from a Randomized Trial (C-STOP Trial).

J Bone Miner Res 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

We assessed the cost-effectiveness of two models of osteoporosis care after upper extremity fragility fracture using a high-intensity Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) Case-Manager intervention versus a low-intensity FLS (i.e., Active Control), and both relative to usual care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.3699DOI Listing
February 2019

How do genes that escape from X-chromosome inactivation contribute to Turner syndrome?

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

X-chromosome inactivation generally results in dosage equivalence for expression of X-linked genes between 46,XY males and 46,XX females. The 20-30% of genes that escape silencing are thus candidates for having a role in the phenotype of Turner syndrome. Understanding which genes escape from silencing, and how they avoid this chromosome-wide inactivation is therefore an important step toward understanding Turner Syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.c.31672DOI Listing
February 2019