735 results match your criteria Canadian Journal Of Experimental Psychology-revue Canadienne De Psychologie Experimentale[Journal]


When "bad" is good: How evaluative judgments eliminate the standard anchoring effect.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Psychology, University of Alberta.

Early accounts of judgmental anchoring attribute the effect to a deliberate, but insufficient, adjustment process; more recent theories point to automatic, priming-based processes as the underlying cause. In this article we introduce a novel anchor assessment manipulation and a decompositional analysis of the standard anchoring effect to determine the extent to which anchoring is driven by automatic versus deliberate processes. Prior to providing a target estimate, participants indicated whether the target was greater or less than the anchor, or whether the anchor would make a good or bad target estimate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000209DOI Listing

Contextual recruitment of selective attention can be updated via changes in task relevance.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York.

Evidence across a wide variety of attention paradigms shows that environmental cues can trigger adjustments to ongoing priorities for attending to relevant and irrelevant information. This context-specific control over attention suggests that cognitive control can be both automatic and flexible. For instance, in selective attention tasks, congruency effects are larger for items that appear in a context associated with infrequent conflict than in a context associated with frequent conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000221DOI Listing

Explicit and implicit conceptual memory in pregnancy and postpartum: A cross-sectional study investigating the use of item-specific and relational encoding processes.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 4. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Economy.

Previous studies indicate that pregnancy is associated with a mild impairment in verbal recall tasks, but the relative roles of item-specific and relational encoding processes have not been fully elucidated. The present study was specifically aimed at determining whether pregnancy had a differential impact on the use of these 2 types of encoding processes. The performance of pregnant, postpartum, and control women was assessed in the category-cued recall (Experiment 1: explicit memory) and category exemplar generation (Experiment 2: implicit memory) tasks, by simultaneously varying the number of exemplars presented during the study phase (1 exemplar for small categories, 6 exemplars for large categories). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000219DOI Listing

Developing a memory representation: Do we visualize or do we "verbalize" objects?

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Apr 6. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Department of Psychology, Mount Allison University.

According to encoding specificity, participants perform better when testing conditions match learning conditions. It is interesting that recent findings in visuo-haptic object identification violate this principle: Participants who learned to recognise objects haptically performed just as well when asked to identify objects by sight and by touch. One possible explanation is that participants who explore objects haptically visualize the objects they explore, creating a multisensory memory trace equally accessible to vision and touch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000208DOI Listing

Sex differences in curve tracing.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 23. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Psychology.

The present study reports on 4 experiments aimed at investigating potential sex differences on a curve tracing task. Furthermore, curve tracing was used as an indirect approach to explore the holistic versus piecemeal strategy hypothesis used to account for sex differences in mental rotation. In Experiment 1, participants only completed a curve tracing task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000205DOI Listing

Does word frequency influence judgments of learning (JOLs)? A meta-analytic review.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 19. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Guelp.

Although decades of research have identified robust effects of word frequency (WF) on memory performance, the comparatively smaller body of research examining the impact of WF on judgments of learning (JOLs) has yielded inconsistent findings. The purpose of this brief meta-analytic review is to synthesize the existing literature examining WF effects on JOLs with the aim of clarifying the extent to which such judgments are influenced by WF, and to identify some potential moderators of this effect. In analysing 17 experiments across 6 published and 1 unpublished studies, a small, but reliable effect of WF on JOLs was found (g = . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000206DOI Listing

Competition and working memory in sentence reading: Evidence from Spanish.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jan 23. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada.

We evaluated the validity, preference, and competition of 2 syntactic cues in Spanish (subject-verb agreement and animacy) and the role of working memory (WM) during cue competition in sentence reading. Spanish participants read noun-verb-noun sentences and performed an agent assignment task. Experiment 1 revealed that readers preferred as agent of the sentence (a) the noun that agreed with the verb and (b) the animate noun over the inanimate noun. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000201DOI Listing
January 2020

Performance monitoring during categorization with and without prior knowledge: A comparison of confidence calibration indices with the certainty criterion.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jan 23. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Psychology, Carleton University.

Subjective confidence reports are used in numerous research paradigms to examine the extent to which participants are aware of their performance in a task. By examining the discrepancy between objective performance and subjective confidence ratings, inferences can be made about the conditions in which participants have greater explicit knowledge of the representations and processes used to complete a task. In the current study, we examined the effects of prior knowledge on subjective assessments of performance using a categorisation task wherein lists of features that defined exemplars shared latent feature associations on the basis of prior knowledge or had no prior associations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000199DOI Listing
January 2020

Effet de la valence émotionnelle de textes sur leur compréhension et l'apprentissage de nouveaux mots chez des élèves de 5éme année de primaire.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 16;74(2):144-155. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

The present study examines the influence of the influence of emotional valence of texts (positive, negative and neutral), on text comprehension and learning of the new words of 139 pupils of 5th grade. Eight stories were built in three versions-positive, negative and neutral. Each story included a pseudoword that appeared three times. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000194DOI Listing

Sequential sampling models of same-different data and how they explain the fast-same effect.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Nov 25. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

School of Psychology.

There have been many empirical endeavors to explain the fact that participants correctly identify stimuli faster than stimuli. Despite a large body of literature, a conclusive and unanimous consensus to explain this effect is lacking. The present study offers a new perspective on the task using best-fitting parametric values of 2 sequential sampling models (linear ballistic accumulator [LBA] and drift-diffusion model [DDM]) to evaluate the contribution of 3 theoretical concepts (starting point, accumulation rate, and base time) to the fast-same effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000197DOI Listing
November 2019

Temporal dynamics of syllable priming effects on visual word recognition: Evidence from different prime durations.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 21;74(2):125-130. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Human Research Lab.

Although the syllable has been shown to play a relevant role at early stages of visual word recognition, several studies using consonant-vowel (CV) and consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) first-syllable words have also shown that reliable effects are observed for CV but not for CVC words. Several proposals have been advanced to account for this syllable structure effect, though studies aiming to directly address this issue are scarce. Here we tested whether syllable complexity might underlie the syllable structure effect observed in several languages, by replicating the masked priming lexical decision study conducted by Campos, Oliveira, and Soares (2018) with Portuguese adult skilled readers using 50-ms pseudoword primes, but using longer (67-ms and 82-ms) prime durations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000198DOI Listing

Direct and indirect effects of semantic priming in motor planning and control.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 21;74(2):83-91. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Psychology.

Semantic priming is known to affect actions. For example, the word or appearing on an object to be grasped affects grip aperture. We presented the words or shortly before, during, or after the brief presentation of a line segment and measured whether this semantic prime affected the extent of a movement to the line's end point. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000196DOI Listing

A reexamination of consonant-vowel differences in masked transposed letter priming effects in the lexical decision task.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 21;74(2):92-110. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Psychology.

Most orthographic coding models are based on the assumption that the orthographic code does not distinguish between vowels and consonants and, therefore, those models predict no difference between vowel (cisano-CASINO) and consonant (caniso-CASINO) transposed-letter (TL) effects. The available data, however, do provide some evidence for a consonant-vowel distinction at the level of the orthographic code. Most centrally, masked priming lexical decision tasks, mainly carried out in Spanish, have shown priming from consonant TL primes (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000195DOI Listing

Validation of strongly presupposed text concepts in reading comprehension: Cleft constructions.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 24;74(1):1-11. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Department of Psychology.

Accumulating evidence indicates that readers monitor the congruence and accuracy of text by processes of "validation." Validation is sometimes thwarted by the embedding of inaccuracies in sentence presuppositions (the ideas assumed by the writer to be previously familiar to the reader). However, we previously demonstrated that inaccurate sentence presuppositions inflate reading time (O'Brien & Albrecht's, 1992, "consistency effect") as much as focussed (nonpresupposed) concepts, which favours successful validation of sentence presuppositions (Singer, Solar, & Spear, 2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000192DOI Listing

Effects of deletion neighbourhood frequency and individual differences in lexical decision, progressive demasking, and naming.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 24;74(2):111-124. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Laboratoire de Psychologie.

This study investigates whether deletion neighbourhood frequency influences the processing of French written words, and whether it might also be influenced by individual differences in skilled adult readers. For this purpose, words with at least 1 higher-frequency deletion neighbour (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000193DOI Listing

When pictures take away from the message: An examination of young adults' attention to texting and driving advertisements.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Jun 14;74(2):131-143. Epub 2019 Oct 14.

Ecole de Psychologie.

This study examined eye-movement patterns of young adults, while they were viewing texting and driving prevention advertisements, to determine which format attracts the most attention. As young adults are the most at risk for this public health issue, understanding which format is most successful at maintaining young adults' attention is especially important. Participants viewed nondriving, general distracted driving, and texting and driving advertisements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000190DOI Listing

Differential protective role of control and representation against age-related memory decline.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 10;74(1):44-55. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Psychology, Université de Tours.

Control and representation (Craik & Bialystok, 2006, 2008) could be considered as potential cognitive resources playing a protective role against age-related memory decline. The main objective of this study was to explore whether the protective role (passive vs. active) associated with these resources varies according to the characteristics of the memory task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000191DOI Listing

The list-length effect occurs in cued recall with the retroactive design but not the proactive design.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 7;74(1):12-24. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

An ongoing debate in the memory literature concerns whether the list-length effect (better memory for short lists compared with long lists) exists in item recognition (Annis, Lenes, Westfall, Criss, & Malmberg, 2015; Dennis, Lee, & Kinnell, 2008). This debate was initiated when Dennis and Humphreys (2001) showed that, when confounds present in earlier list-length experiments were controlled, the list-length effect disappeared. The issue has yet to be settled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000187DOI Listing

Contributions of semantic and contextual diversity to the word frequency effect in L2 lexical access.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 3;74(1):25-34. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Center for Advanced Study of Language, Program in Second Language Studies, University of Maryland, College Park.

Word frequency has long been viewed as the best predictor of lexical access. However, recent findings have suggested that other corpus-derived metrics (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000189DOI Listing

An intrinsic algorithm for viewing angle tolerance of object discrimination in human subjects.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 19;74(1):73-82. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Information Science and Biomedical Engineering.

Prevailing theories suggest that view-invariant object recognition is accomplished via spatiotemporal correlations of multiple views that bind different views to the same object. However, it is unknown how the exposure to multiple views without association affects view-invariant recognition generating. Behavioural studies have shown that monkeys acquired view-invariant object recognition capability in a range of the viewing angles of 30° to 60° after experiencing discrimination of similar objects at each of several viewing angles without associating different views, but the monkeys could not discriminate novel objects from similar distractors when the viewing angle changed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000188DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Yearning for distraction: Evidence for a trade-off between media multitasking and mind wandering.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 22;74(1):56-72. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo.

We examined whether providing participants with the opportunity to media multitask influenced their tendency to be 'off-task.' More specifically, we were interested in whether providing participants with the opportunity to engage with an external media stream during a required (researcher-imposed) cognitive task might lead to a trade-off between mind wandering and engagement with external distractions (such as the media). We also examined the extent to which intentionality plays a role in these associations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000186DOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Contextual modulation induced by contrast and speed on direction perception.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 8;73(4):265-279. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Department of Sensory Neurobiology, Institute of Neurobiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

We examined the direction perception in centre-surround multielement configurations with varying contrast and velocity to better understand the consequences of surround interactions of orientation and motion direction perception. The stimuli consisted of Gabor elements moving either parallel or orthogonal to their orientation with two different speeds. The surround motion direction varied from 0° to 315° with a step of 45°. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000183DOI Listing
December 2019

Interactive processes in an instance model of memory: A computational analysis of Jacoby's (1983) dissociation between perception and recognition.

Authors:
Evan T Curtis

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 8;73(4):288-294. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Booth University College.

In a classic and well-cited work, Jacoby (1983) demonstrated an important dissociation in which conceptual processing at study resulted in high performance on a standard memory test but low performance on a perceptual test. Perceptual processing at study resulted in the opposite pattern. I simulated the dissociation in MINERVA2, a classic instance model of memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000184DOI Listing
December 2019

Production of picture names improves picture recognition.

Can J Exp Psychol 2020 Mar 8;74(1):35-43. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

Words read aloud are later recalled and recognized better than words read silently: the production effect. Previous research (Fawcett, Quinlan, & Taylor, 2012) has demonstrated a production effect in old/new recognition of line drawings. The current study examined whether production at encoding can improve memory for the visual details of a picture, or whether it is primarily memory for the picture's verbal label that benefits from production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000185DOI Listing

Mechanisms underlying the production effect for singing.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 8;73(4):254-264. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Department of Psychology.

The production effect is defined as better memory for items that were read aloud compared with items that were read silently. Quinlan and Taylor (2013) expanded the findings of the production effect by demonstrating that singing items produces even better recognition performance than reading aloud, and argued that this was due to enhanced relative distinctiveness. The current study tested three alternative accounts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000179DOI Listing
December 2019

Instance theory predicts information theory: Episodic uncertainty as a determinant of keystroke dynamics.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 25;73(4):203-215. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Department of Psychology.

How does prior experience shape skilled performance in structured environments? We use skilled typing of natural text to evaluate correspondence between performance (keystroke timing) and structure in the environment (letter uncertainty). We had ∼350 typists copy-type English text. We reproduced Ostry's (1983) analysis of interkeystroke interval as a function of letter position and word length, that showed prominent first-letter and midword slowing effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000182DOI Listing
December 2019

Expectation expands subjective duration for repeated stimuli by altering perception.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 25;73(4):231-241. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Department of Psychology.

Repeated stimuli are generally perceived to be shorter in duration than novel stimuli. Matthews (2015), however, demonstrated that when repetition is predictable, expectations of repetition may expand subjective duration for repeated stimuli. Although this effect is hypothesised to be perceptual, this has yet to be empirically established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000181DOI Listing
December 2019

Freely-selected and forced-choice responses bind with relevant object-occupied locations in visuospatial tasks.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 25;73(4):242-253. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Western Ontario.

Past work has shown that cued manual responses in visuo-identity tasks bind to irrelevant stimulus features, present at the time these responses were executed (prime trial). These response bindings manifested their existence via impacts on later related processing (probe trial). Here, we extended this prior research by showing that response binding is likely a pervasive processing characteristic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000180DOI Listing
December 2019

Bilingualism augments memory advantage of accent congruency in word recognition.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 27;73(4):280-287. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Department of Psychology.

Potential differences in word and speaker recognition, among monolinguals versus bilinguals, were investigated. Participants heard English words spoken by a male or female with a native Canadian English accent or a Chinese accent at study. Then, participants performed an old/new word recognition test with new words and half of the study words. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000178DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Are figurative interpretations of idioms directly retrieved, compositionally built, or both? Evidence from eye movement measures of reading.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Dec 13;73(4):216-230. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Department of Psychology.

Idioms are part of a general class of multiword expressions where the overall interpretation cannot be fully determined through a simple syntactic and semantic (i.e., compositional) analysis of their component words (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000175DOI Listing
December 2019
2 Reads

Speech of young offenders as a function of their psychopathic tendencies.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Sep 23;73(3):193-201. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Psychology, Brock University.

The purpose of this study was to analyse young psychopathic offenders' speech compared with controls and to determine whether it was dissimilar. An examination of two subsets of disfluencies in speech was conducted (i.e. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/cep0000176
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000176DOI Listing
September 2019
10 Reads

Item-based directed forgetting for categorized lists: Forgetting of words that were not presented.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Sep 16;73(3):135-143. Epub 2019 May 16.

Department of Psychology.

The effect of item-based directed forgetting (DF) on recognition memory for categorized word lists was examined. For half of the categories, all studied exemplars were followed by a remember cue; for the other half of the categories, all studied exemplars were followed by a forget cue. In Experiment 1, a 2-alternative forced-choice recognition test showed decreased recognition for to-be-forgotten items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000177DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

The influence of syntactic expectations on reading comprehension is malleable and strategic: An eye-tracking study of English dative alternation.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Sep 13;73(3):179-192. Epub 2019 May 13.

Department of Linguistics and Languages, McMaster University.

Language processing is incremental and inherently predictive. Against this theoretic backdrop, we investigated the role of upcoming structural information in the comprehension of the English dative alternation. The use of eye-tracking enabled us to examine both the time course and locus of the effect associated with (a) structural expectations based on a lifetime of experience with language, and (b) rapid adaptation of the reader to the local statistics of the experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000173DOI Listing
September 2019

Developmental change in number line estimation: A strategy-based perspective.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Sep 6;73(3):144-156. Epub 2019 May 6.

Centre for Instructional Psychology and Technology.

The current study investigated developmental changes in children's benchmark-based strategy use in number line estimation. Third and fifth graders solved a 0-1,000 number line estimation task in one of three conditions. In the control condition, only the origin and endpoint were specified, the midpoint condition included an additional benchmark at 50%, and the quartile condition contained three additional benchmarks at 25%, 50%, and 75%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000172DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

Reviewing the bilingual cognitive control literature: Can a brain-based approach resolve the debate?

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Jun 25;73(2):118-134. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Department of Linguistics.

The prevalence of bilingualism has prompted considerable interest in the effects of speaking 2 languages on the mind and brain, and although it is now well-established that both languages are simultaneously active in the bilingual mind, whether this has any effect on general cognition remains a matter of intense debate. In this review, we examine some of the theoretical underpinnings and hypotheses of bilingual benefits, as well as experimental evidence in favor of and against the bilingual advantage claim. Given the complicated results of behavioral studies, we support a more holistic, brain-based approach to exploring the effects of bilingualism on cognitive control, and review 2 recent theories that outline neurobiological mechanisms by which the ability to control 2 languages affects general cognitive processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000174DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Evidence for a retrieval over a sum counting theory of adults' simple addition.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Jun 25;73(2):69-78. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Department of Psychology.

Researchers have recently proposed that educated adults solve the simplest addition problems (e.g., 3 + 2) by an automatic counting procedure, challenging the long-held view that educated adults solve small additions by associative memory retrieval. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000171DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Repetition priming and repetition blindness: Effects of an intervening distractor word.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Jun 21;73(2):105-117. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Psychology.

In a simplified repetition blindness (RB) paradigm, university students named target words (C2) that were presented for 72 ms and followed by a pattern mask. A prime word (C1) that was identical or unrelated to the target was read silently at the beginning of each trial, and there was an intervening distractor item displayed for 120 ms between prime and target. When the distractor was a word, there was a large repetition cost for target accuracy at both prime durations (Experiments 1A and 1B). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000164DOI Listing

Constructions on an unwelcome exit: Bruce W. A. Whittlesea, 1950-2018.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):64-68

University of Manitoba.

On the event of his recent passing, this article provides a personal discussion of Bruce Whittlesea's contributions and career from the perspective of one of his former students. It summarizes the basic tenets of the theoretical framework he developed, the Selective Construction and Preservation of Experience (SCAPE) Account of Memory (Whittlesea, 1997). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000167DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Time, verbs, and imagining events.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):55-63

Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology.

Recent psycholinguistic research shows that grammatical aspect (imperfective, perfective) has a varying impact on language comprehension difficulty, based on the lexical aspect (activities, accomplishments) of the described event (Becker, Ferretti, & Madden-Lombardi, 2013; Yap et al., 2009). The present research examined the influence of these temporal constraints on people's ability to imagine events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000163DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Individual differences in cognitive map accuracy: Investigating the role of landmark familiarity.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):37-46

School of Behavioural and Social Sciences.

Broad individual differences exist in the ability to create a cognitive map of a new environment. The current studies investigated whether familiarizing participants with to-be-learned target landmarks (Experiment 1) or target landmarks plus the order they would be encountered along routes (Experiment 2) before exploring the Silcton virtual environment would increase performance on tasks assaying spatial memory of Silcton. Participants in both experiments were randomly assigned to be pre-exposed either to information about target landmarks in Silcton or control landmarks on the university campus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000165DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Comparing the influence of doodling, drawing, and writing at encoding on memory.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):28-36

Department of Psychology.

The purpose of the present study was to determine the extent to which doodling, which we define as drawing that is semantically unrelated to to-be-remembered information, enhances memory performance. In Experiment 1, participants heard auditorily presented lists of categorized words. They were asked to either doodle, draw a picture of, or write out, each item while listening to the target words. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000170DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Registered Reports.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):3-4

Department of Psychology, McGill University.

The invites Registered Reports. This new submission category is designed to provide researchers with a route to investigate controversial topics and address issues of replication and reproducibility. The framework for the journal is consistent with the purpose and principles set out by the Center for Open Science (2019). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000169DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Editorial.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):1-2

University of Manitoba.

In this editorial the author describes his editorial vision for the and names three Associate Editors The author wants the journal to be a place in which authors publish their best experimental and theoretical work. Also, he wants the journal to feature work from the full range of topics in its mandate. He wants the papers to be archival by presenting resolved measurements, complete descriptions of methods, and sound conclusions to substantive questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000168DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The power to adapt: How sense of power predicts number processing.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Sep 11;73(3):157-166. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Junior Research Group Neuro-Cognitive Plasticity, Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien.

When people solve numerical tasks, they are able to adapt their responses to characteristics of the task. This suggests that number processing is under cognitive control. Yet, such prior research on cognitive control in numerical cognition largely focused on the role of task stimuli-neglecting the role of predictors that are not directly linked to cognitive and numerical capacities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000166DOI Listing
September 2019

Independent recollection-familiarity ratings: Similar effects of levels-of-processing whether amount or confidence is rated.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Jun 25;73(2):94-99. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University.

Independent recollection-familiarity (RF) ratings are sometimes collected to measure subjective experiences of recollection and familiarity during recognition. Although the RF ratings task purports to measure the degree to which each recognition state is experienced, the rating scale has been worded in terms of confidence rather than amount. Given prior evidence that wording influences recognition and remember/know judgments, we compared RF rating scales worded in terms of amount versus confidence across 2 groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000161DOI Listing
June 2019
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Accuracy instructions differently modulate visual and nonvisual contributions to ongoing reaches.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Sep 25;73(3):167-178. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education.

The control of ongoing goal-directed reaches is influenced by both visual and nonvisual sensorimotor processes. Notably, intentions to produce accurate movements also influence reaching performance. However, it is not known whether these improvements associated with accuracy-based intentions can be attributed to changes in movement planning and/or online control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000162DOI Listing
September 2019
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Independent recollection/familiarity ratings can dissociate: Evidence from the effects of test context on recognition of event details.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Jun 25;73(2):100-104. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University.

Bodner and Richardson-Champion (2007) found a dissociative effect of test context on binary remember/know judgments about a critical set of details from a film sequence. Details of medium difficulty were more likely to be judged "recollected" when preceded by a set of difficult details than a set of easy details, but were similarly likely to be judged "familiar." Using the same paradigm, we replicated this dissociation when participants independently rated recollection and familiarity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000159DOI Listing
June 2019
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A comparison of immediate serial recall and immediate serial recognition.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar 17;73(1):5-27. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology.

In an immediate serial recall task, participants are presented with a list of items that they must subsequently report back in the original presentation order. Although immediate serial recall has long been taken as the standard short-term and working memory task, a growing body of literature has instead made use of immediate serial recognition. In immediate serial recognition, a list of items is presented and subsequently represented, either in the exact same order or with two adjacent items swapped. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000158DOI Listing
March 2019
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Short- and long-term memory tasks predict working memory performance, and vice versa.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Jun 17;73(2):79-93. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

The Brown-Peterson, operation span, and continual distractor tasks all require people to retain information while performing a distractor task. Scale Independent Memory, Perception, and Learning (SIMPLE), a local relative distinctiveness model, has been fit to aspects of each task and offers the same explanation for each: the distractor task serves to space the items out in time and memory performance depends on the relative distinctiveness of the target item at the time of recall. If this is correct, it follows that performance on all three tasks should correlate, even though the tasks have, at various times, been ascribed to different memory systems, short-term memory, working memory, and long-term memory, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000157DOI Listing
June 2019
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Intentions and actions.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Dec;72(4):219-228

University of Victoria.

Manipulable objects have the potential to evoke mental representations of hand actions. Behavioural evidence favouring the view that this process happens automatically while passively viewing objects is critically examined. A case is made for the alternative proposal that objects may evoke action representations when observers concurrently operate with an intention to engage in a reach-and-grasp action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000156DOI Listing
December 2018
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