699 results match your criteria Canadian Journal Of Experimental Psychology-revue Canadienne De Psychologie Experimentale[Journal]


Repetition priming and repetition blindness: Effects of an intervening distractor word.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

School of Psychology.

In a simplified repetition blindness (RB) paradigm, university students named target words (C2) that were presented for 72 ms and followed by a pattern mask. A prime word (C1) that was identical or unrelated to the target was read silently at the beginning of each trial, and there was an intervening distractor item displayed for 120 ms between prime and target. When the distractor was a word, there was a large repetition cost for target accuracy at both prime durations (Experiments 1A and 1B). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000164DOI Listing

Constructions on an unwelcome exit: Bruce W. A. Whittlesea, 1950-2018.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):64-68

University of Manitoba.

On the event of his recent passing, this article provides a personal discussion of Bruce Whittlesea's contributions and career from the perspective of one of his former students. It summarizes the basic tenets of the theoretical framework he developed, the Selective Construction and Preservation of Experience (SCAPE) Account of Memory (Whittlesea, 1997). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000167DOI Listing

Time, verbs, and imagining events.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):55-63

Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology.

Recent psycholinguistic research shows that grammatical aspect (imperfective, perfective) has a varying impact on language comprehension difficulty, based on the lexical aspect (activities, accomplishments) of the described event (Becker, Ferretti, & Madden-Lombardi, 2013; Yap et al., 2009). The present research examined the influence of these temporal constraints on people's ability to imagine events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000163DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Individual differences in cognitive map accuracy: Investigating the role of landmark familiarity.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):37-46

School of Behavioural and Social Sciences.

Broad individual differences exist in the ability to create a cognitive map of a new environment. The current studies investigated whether familiarizing participants with to-be-learned target landmarks (Experiment 1) or target landmarks plus the order they would be encountered along routes (Experiment 2) before exploring the Silcton virtual environment would increase performance on tasks assaying spatial memory of Silcton. Participants in both experiments were randomly assigned to be pre-exposed either to information about target landmarks in Silcton or control landmarks on the university campus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000165DOI Listing

Comparing the influence of doodling, drawing, and writing at encoding on memory.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):28-36

Department of Psychology.

The purpose of the present study was to determine the extent to which doodling, which we define as drawing that is semantically unrelated to to-be-remembered information, enhances memory performance. In Experiment 1, participants heard auditorily presented lists of categorized words. They were asked to either doodle, draw a picture of, or write out, each item while listening to the target words. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000170DOI Listing

Registered Reports.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):3-4

Department of Psychology, McGill University.

The invites Registered Reports. This new submission category is designed to provide researchers with a route to investigate controversial topics and address issues of replication and reproducibility. The framework for the journal is consistent with the purpose and principles set out by the Center for Open Science (2019). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000169DOI Listing

Editorial.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar;73(1):1-2

University of Manitoba.

In this editorial the author describes his editorial vision for the and names three Associate Editors The author wants the journal to be a place in which authors publish their best experimental and theoretical work. Also, he wants the journal to feature work from the full range of topics in its mandate. He wants the papers to be archival by presenting resolved measurements, complete descriptions of methods, and sound conclusions to substantive questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000168DOI Listing

The power to adapt: How sense of power predicts number processing.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Junior Research Group Neuro-Cognitive Plasticity, Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien.

When people solve numerical tasks, they are able to adapt their responses to characteristics of the task. This suggests that number processing is under cognitive control. Yet, such prior research on cognitive control in numerical cognition largely focused on the role of task stimuli-neglecting the role of predictors that are not directly linked to cognitive and numerical capacities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000166DOI Listing

Independent recollection-familiarity ratings: Similar effects of levels-of-processing whether amount or confidence is rated.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University.

Independent recollection-familiarity (RF) ratings are sometimes collected to measure subjective experiences of recollection and familiarity during recognition. Although the RF ratings task purports to measure the degree to which each recognition state is experienced, the rating scale has been worded in terms of confidence rather than amount. Given prior evidence that wording influences recognition and remember/know judgments, we compared RF rating scales worded in terms of amount versus confidence across 2 groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000161DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Accuracy instructions differently modulate visual and nonvisual contributions to ongoing reaches.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education.

The control of ongoing goal-directed reaches is influenced by both visual and nonvisual sensorimotor processes. Notably, intentions to produce accurate movements also influence reaching performance. However, it is not known whether these improvements associated with accuracy-based intentions can be attributed to changes in movement planning and/or online control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000162DOI Listing
February 2019

Independent recollection/familiarity ratings can dissociate: Evidence from the effects of test context on recognition of event details.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University.

Bodner and Richardson-Champion (2007) found a dissociative effect of test context on binary remember/know judgments about a critical set of details from a film sequence. Details of medium difficulty were more likely to be judged "recollected" when preceded by a set of difficult details than a set of easy details, but were similarly likely to be judged "familiar." Using the same paradigm, we replicated this dissociation when participants independently rated recollection and familiarity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000159DOI Listing
February 2019

A comparison of immediate serial recall and immediate serial recognition.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar 17;73(1):5-27. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology.

In an immediate serial recall task, participants are presented with a list of items that they must subsequently report back in the original presentation order. Although immediate serial recall has long been taken as the standard short-term and working memory task, a growing body of literature has instead made use of immediate serial recognition. In immediate serial recognition, a list of items is presented and subsequently represented, either in the exact same order or with two adjacent items swapped. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000158DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Short- and long-term memory tasks predict working memory performance, and vice versa.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

The Brown-Peterson, operation span, and continual distractor tasks all require people to retain information while performing a distractor task. Scale Independent Memory, Perception, and Learning (SIMPLE), a local relative distinctiveness model, has been fit to aspects of each task and offers the same explanation for each: the distractor task serves to space the items out in time and memory performance depends on the relative distinctiveness of the target item at the time of recall. If this is correct, it follows that performance on all three tasks should correlate, even though the tasks have, at various times, been ascribed to different memory systems, short-term memory, working memory, and long-term memory, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000157DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Intentions and actions.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Dec;72(4):219-228

University of Victoria.

Manipulable objects have the potential to evoke mental representations of hand actions. Behavioural evidence favouring the view that this process happens automatically while passively viewing objects is critically examined. A case is made for the alternative proposal that objects may evoke action representations when observers concurrently operate with an intention to engage in a reach-and-grasp action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000156DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Cross-language associative priming is influenced by language proficiency and executive control.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Dec 11;72(4):264-276. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

School of Education, Bishop's University.

The present study investigated the impact of language proficiency and executive control (EC) ability on cross-language semantic activation using an English semantic priming lexical-decision task. Primes were either English-French homographs (i.e. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/cep0000155
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000155DOI Listing
December 2018
20 Reads

Does the relation between the control of attention and second language proficiency generalize from India to Canada?

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Sep;72(3):208-218

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University.

Over the last decades, the extralinguistic benefits of bilingualism have been intensively debated. The current study was aimed at clarifying whether bilingualism speeds attentional disengagement. Reflecting faster disengagement, Mishra, Hilchey, Singh, and Klein (2012) observed an earlier onset of inhibition of return (IOR) for high than for low-proficient bilinguals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000151DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Benchmark-based strategy use in atypical number lines.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Dec 23;72(4):253-263. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Centre for Instructional Psychology and Technology, KU Leuven.

Previous studies have indicated that the presence of atypical end points (e.g., 1,639 and 2,897) on a number line has a negative effect on number line estimation (NLE) performance (Booth & Newton, 2012; Hurst, Leigh Monahan, Heller, & Cordes, 2014). Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/cep0000153
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000153DOI Listing
December 2018
27 Reads

Attentional capture for emotional words and images: The importance of valence and arousal.

Can J Exp Psychol 2019 Mar 20;73(1):47-54. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Psychology.

Categorical negativity theory suggests that valence guides attention; whereas the arousal hypothesis suggests that arousal modulates attention. The current study examined the manner in which both valence and arousal influence the attentional capture of emotional words and images using a dot-probe task. The results revealed the standard congruency effect for negative words, but not positive words, consistent with categorical negativity theory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000154DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Multisensory integration of signals for bodily self-awareness requires minimal cognitive effort.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Dec 20;72(4):244-252. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Social Sciences Department.

Multisensory integration is considered a crucial mechanism underlying the sense of body ownership, but the everyday experience of feeling our own bodies seems automatic and effortless, which implies that the process of integrating multisensory signals for bodily self-awareness may require minimal cognitive effort. To test this, we developed an n-back rubber-hand illusion. The n-back component refers to tracking the identity of the rubber-hand fingers being stroked as the illusion is induced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000152DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The status of women cognitive scientists in Canada: Insights from publicly available NSERC funding data.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Jun;72(2):81-90

Department of Psychology, University of Calgary.

A crucial question within science and academia, and cognitive science specifically, is whether there is gender disparity in opportunity and advancement over the professional life span (e.g., Ceci, Ginther, Kahn, & Williams, 2014; Geraci, Balsis, & Busch, 2015; Valian, 1998). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000150DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

An analysis of the Canadian cognitive psychology job market (2006-2016).

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Jun;72(2):71-80

Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan.

How accomplished does one need to be to compete in the Canadian cognitive psychology job market? We looked at the publication record of everyone who was hired as an assistant professor in Canadian cognitive psychology divisions with PhD programs between 2006 and 2016 (N = 64). Individuals who were hired from 2006 to 2011 averaged 10 journal-article publications up to and including the year they were hired. However, this number increased by 57% to 18 publications between 2012 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000149DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Embodied object concepts: The contribution of structural and functional manipulability depends on available visual information.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Dec 31;72(4):229-243. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University.

Object identification is driven, in part, by the extent to which we have sensorimotor experience with the object. Importantly, the activation of embodied object representations depends on contextual information. In the present study, we use a visual masking paradigm to investigate how the availability of visual information modulates the role of manipulability in the representation of object concepts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000147DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Remembering "primed" words: A counter-intuitive effect of repetition on recognition memory.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Mar;72(1):24-37

McMaster University.

The present study examines the effect of immediate repetition on recognition memory. In a series of 4 experiments, the study phase task was to name aloud a word that was immediately preceded by either the same word (repeated trials) or a different word (not-repeated trials). Across experiments, performance in the study phase demonstrated the anticipated benefit in naming times for repeated trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000139DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Remembering 'primed' words: The effect of prime encoding demands.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Mar;72(1):9-23

McMaster University.

Rosner, Lopez-Benitez, D'Angelo, Thomson, and Milliken (2017) reported a novel recognition memory effect using an immediate repetition method during the study phase. During each trial of an incidental study phase, participants named a target word that followed a prime word that had the same identity (repeated trials) or a different identity (not-repeated trials). Recognition in the following test phase was better for the not-repeated trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000138DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

Outgoing editorial.

Authors:
Penny M Pexman

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Mar;72(1)

University of Calgary.

This first issue of 2018 marks the beginning of a year of editorial transition at the (CJEP). The author describes the winding down of her term as CJEP Editor. (PsycINFO Database Record Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000148DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Context-dependent control of attention capture: Evidence from proportion congruent effects.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Jun 1;72(2):91-104. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Psychological Sciences Research Institute, University of Louvain.

There are several independent demonstrations that attentional phenomena can be controlled in a context-dependent manner by cues associated with differing attentional control demands. The present set of experiments provide converging evidence that attention-capture phenomena can be modulated in a context-dependent fashion. We determined whether methods from the proportion congruent literature (listwide and item- and context-specific proportion congruent designs) that are known to modulate distractor interference effects in Stroop and flanker tasks are capable of modulating attention capture by salient feature singletons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000145DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

Chronométrage et perception temporelle.

Authors:
Simon Grondin

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Dec;71(4):313-327

École de psychologie, Université Laval.

This article provides an overview of some contemporary research avenues in the field of timing and time perception. After a brief description of different categories of temporal experiences, the article describes how research on psychological time falls within a psychophysical perspective. Next, some factors changing sensitivity to time or perceived duration are reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000137DOI Listing
December 2017
9 Reads

Chemotherapy and cognitive impairment: An animal model approach.

Authors:
Gordon Winocur

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Dec;71(4):265-273

Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences.

A substantial number of cancer survivors who undergo chemotherapy report cognitive disturbances that severely limit daily function (chemobrain). Despite supportive neuropsychological evidence, there is controversy over whether cognitive impairment is caused by the chemotherapy or is the result of potentially confounding factors that include the disease itself, age, and psychological stress. Our research program, conducted on rodents, has confirmed that a range of cognitive processes, mediated in particular by hippocampal and prefrontal brain regions, are affected by anticancer drugs in combination with tumor development and that many of the effects are long lasting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000144DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Things can change: Sentence processing in consecutive translation.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Sep 27;72(3):183-196. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Departamento de Psicología Experimental, University of Granada.

Syntactic cues help individuals to assign thematic roles (agent/patient) during sentence processing. In the present study, we examined whether the use of syntactic cues changed in bilinguals depending on the task they performed. Spanish (L1)/English (L2) bilinguals read sentences in Spanish either to produce them in the same language or to translate them in English. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000141DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Entraînement de la mémoire de travail : Effets sur la performance en mathématiques.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Jun 27;72(2):127-139. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Departement de psychologie.

The main components of working memory (WM; Baddeley & Hitch, 1974), central executive, phonological loop and visuospatial sketchpad, are related to mathematics skills (Friso-van den Bos, Van der Ven, Kroesbergen, & Van Luit, 2013). Different studies have shown that WM training can increase WM capacity (Randall & Tyldesley, 2016). In that context, this research seeks to verify the effects of WM training on the components of WM as well as on performance in arithmetic and in problem solving among students in the first grades of primary school (6 to 8 years of age). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000140DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

Alpha span: A measure of working memory.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Sep 27;72(3):141-152. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest.

In the alpha span test, short lists of words are presented and the participant's task is to mentally reorder the words and give them back in correct alphabetical order. Alpha span is the longest list of words correctly recalled; the article also describes a scoring method in which credit is given for partially correct answers. Alpha span provides a quick and easily completed measure of verbal-numerical working memory (WM), and evidence is presented to show that it is also a valid and reliable measure. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/cep0000143
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000143DOI Listing
September 2018
25 Reads

An eye-tracking examination of readers' sensitivity to pragmatic scope information during the processing of conditional inducements.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Sep 27;72(3):197-207. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, University of Manchester.

Previous research into conditional inducements has shown that readers are sensitive after reading such conditionals to pragmatic scope differences between promises and threats; specifically, threats can be referred to as promises, but promises cannot be referred to as threats. Crucially, previous work has not revealed whether such scope effects emerge while processing the conditional itself. In the experiment reported here, participants' eye movements were recorded while they read vignettes containing conditional promises and threats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000142DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

The Hebb repetition effect as a laboratory analogue of language acquisition: Learning three lists at no cost.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Mar 20;72(1):2-8. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Université de Moncton.

The Hebb repetition effect (i.e., the enhanced recall performance for a sequence of items that is repeated during a serial recall experiment) is considered an experimental analogue to language learning. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/cep0000136
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000136DOI Listing
March 2018
12 Reads

Are fixations in static natural scenes a useful predictor of attention in the real world?

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):172-181

Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia.

Research investigating scene perception normally involves laboratory experiments using static images. Much has been learned about how observers look at pictures of the real world and the attentional mechanisms underlying this behaviour. However, the use of static, isolated pictures as a proxy for studying everyday attention in real environments has led to the criticism that such experiments are artificial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000125DOI Listing
June 2017
6 Reads

Lifespan changes in attention revisited: Everyday visual search.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):160-171

Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia.

This study compared visual search under everyday conditions among participants across the life span (healthy participants in 4 groups, with average age of 6 years, 8 years, 22 years, and 75 years, and 1 group averaging 73 years with a history of falling). The task involved opening a door and stepping into a room find 1 of 4 everyday objects (apple, golf ball, coffee can, toy penguin) visible on shelves. The background for this study included 2 well-cited laboratory studies that pointed to different cognitive mechanisms underlying each end of the U-shaped pattern of visual search over the life span (Hommel et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000130DOI Listing
June 2017
25 Reads

Safe or out: Does the location of attention affect judgments at first base in baseball?

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):146-159

Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, Dalhousie University.

Titchener's law of prior entry states that attended stimuli are perceived before unattended stimuli. Prior entry effects measured with visual stimuli have been generated with both endogenous and exogenous attentional deployment (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000118DOI Listing
June 2017
6 Reads

Coordinating vision and action in natural behaviour: Differences in spatiotemporal coupling in everyday tasks.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):133-145

School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen.

Vision and action are tightly coupled in space and time: for many tasks we must look at the right place at the right time to gather the information that we need to complete our behavioural goals. Vision typically leads action by about 0.5 seconds in many natural tasks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000120DOI Listing
June 2017
17 Reads

Wandering minds and wavering goals: Examining the relation between mind wandering and grit in everyday life and the classroom.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):120-132

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo.

Here we examined the relation between mind wandering and the personality trait of 'grit.' Our hypothesis was that because mind wandering leads to a disruption of momentary goal completion, the tendency to mind wander might be inversely related to the completion of long-term goals that require sustained interest and effort (i.e. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/cep0000116
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000116DOI Listing
June 2017
23 Reads

Talking is harder than listening: The time course of dual-task costs during naturalistic conversation.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):111-119

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University.

Many studies have shown that the cognitive demands of language use are a substantial cause of central dual-task costs, including costs on concurrent driving performance. More recently, several studies have considered whether language production or comprehension is inherently more difficult with respect to costs on concurrent performance, with mixed results. This assessment is particularly difficult given the open question of how one should best equate and compare production and comprehension demands and performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000114DOI Listing
June 2017
8 Reads

The smartphone and the driver's cognitive workload: A comparison of Apple, Google, and Microsoft's intelligent personal assistants.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):93-110

Department of Psychology, University of Utah.

The goal of this research was to examine the impact of voice-based interactions using 3 different intelligent personal assistants (Apple's , Google's for Android phones, and Microsoft's ) on the cognitive workload of the driver. In 2 experiments using an instrumented vehicle on suburban roadways, we measured the cognitive workload of drivers when they used the voice-based features of each smartphone to place a call, select music, or send text messages. Cognitive workload was derived from primary task performance through video analysis, secondary-task performance using the Detection Response Task (DRT), and subjective mental workload. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000104DOI Listing
June 2017
9 Reads

Everyday attention.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Jun;71(2):89-92

Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia.

Understanding the basic mechanisms underlying attentional function using naturalistic stimuli, tasks, and/or settings is the focus of everyday attention research. Interest in everyday approaches to attention research has increased recently-arguably riding a more general wave of support for such considerations in experimental psychology. This special issue of the attempts to capture the emerging enthusiasm for studying everyday attention by bringing together work from a wide array of attentional domains (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000134DOI Listing
June 2017
10 Reads

How different cultures look at faces depends on the interpersonal context.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Sep 12;71(3):258-264. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University College London.

Culture can influence how we see and experience the world, and recent research shows that it even determines how we look at each other. Yet, most of these laboratory studies use images of faces that are deprived of any social context. In the real world, we not only look at people's faces to perceive who they are, but also to signal information back to them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000119DOI Listing
September 2017
29 Reads

Gaze behavior to faces during dyadic interaction.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Sep 12;71(3):226-242. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Helmholtz Institute, Utrecht University.

A long-standing hypothesis is that humans have a bias for fixating the eye region in the faces of others. Most studies have tested this hypothesis with static images or videos of faces, yet recent studies suggest that the use of such "nonresponsive" stimuli might overlook an influence of social context. The present study addressed whether the bias for fixating the eye region in faces would persist in a situation that allowed for social interaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000113DOI Listing
September 2017
10 Reads

Spontaneous gaze selection and following during naturalistic social interactions in school-aged children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Sep 12;71(3):243-257. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University.

Using a novel naturalistic paradigm allowing participants the freedom to spontaneously select and follow gaze cues in their environment, this study extends previous research conducted with younger children to determine whether school-age children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, n = 17) demonstrate abnormal gaze following relative to typically developing (TD, n = 15) children. The participant and experimenter played a series of games, during which the experimenter pseudorandomly averted her gaze toward a social target (person) or a nonsocial target (object). A significant finding was that, relative to TD children, children with ASD were slower to follow the experimenter's gaze relative to the start of the trial (social targets d = -. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000131DOI Listing
September 2017
6 Reads

Chatting in the face of the eyewitness: The impact of extraneous cell-phone conversation on memory for a perpetrator.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Sep 12;71(3):183-190. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

School of Psychology, Université Laval.

Cell-phone conversation is ubiquitous within public spaces. The current study investigates whether ignored cell-phone conversation impairs eyewitness memory for a perpetrator. Participants viewed a video of a staged crime in the presence of 1 side of a comprehensible cell-phone conversation (meaningful halfalogue), 2 sides of a comprehensible cell-phone conversation (meaningful dialogue), 1 side of an incomprehensible cell-phone conversation (meaningless halfalogue), or quiet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000101DOI Listing
September 2017
28 Reads

Staring reality in the face: A comparison of social attention across laboratory and real world measures suggests little common ground.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Sep 12;71(3):212-225. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

Department of Psychology, McGill University.

The ability to attend to someone else's gaze is thought to represent one of the essential building blocks of the human sociocognitive system. This behavior, termed social attention, has traditionally been assessed using laboratory procedures in which participants' response time and/or accuracy performance indexes attentional function. Recently, a parallel body of emerging research has started to examine social attention during real life social interactions using naturalistic and observational methodologies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000117DOI Listing
September 2017
16 Reads

Re-reading after mind wandering.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Sep 12;71(3):203-211. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia.

Though much research has been conducted on the causes and processes underlying mind wandering, relatively little has addressed what happens after an episode of mind wandering. We explore this issue in the context of reading. Specifically, by examining re-reading behaviours following mind wandering episodes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000123DOI Listing
September 2017
14 Reads

Load theory behind the wheel; perceptual and cognitive load effects.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Sep 12;71(3):191-202. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

School of Psychology, University College Dublin.

Perceptual Load Theory has been proposed as a resolution to the longstanding early versus late selection debate in cognitive psychology. There is much evidence in support of Load Theory but very few applied studies, despite the potential for the model to shed light on everyday attention and distraction. Using a driving simulator, the effect of perceptual and cognitive load on drivers' visual search was assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000107DOI Listing
September 2017
16 Reads

Independent learning of spatial and nonspatial sequences.

Can J Exp Psychol 2017 Dec 11;71(4):283-298. Epub 2017 May 11.

Morehead State University.

A small number of studies have examined whether learning the structures of two uncorrelated sequences can proceed independently of one another. Limitations in those studies have left their results open to alternative explanations. The present study addressed the limitations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000133DOI Listing
December 2017
6 Reads

Cognitive modeling as an interface between brain and behavior: Measuring the semantic decline in mild cognitive impairment.

Can J Exp Psychol 2018 Jun 8;72(2):117-126. Epub 2017 May 8.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is characterised by subjective and objective memory impairment in the absence of dementia. MCI is a strong predictor for the development of Alzheimer's disease, and may represent an early stage in the disease course in many cases. A standard task used in the diagnosis of MCI is verbal fluency, where participants produce as many items from a specific category (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cep0000132DOI Listing
June 2018
56 Reads