714 results match your criteria Canadian Journal Of Dietetic Practice And Research[Journal]


Exploring Food Guidance Approaches for Seniors in Antigonish, NS: Is There Still Gold at the End of the Rainbow?

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 25:1-3. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Human Nutrition, St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, NS.

Purpose: As Canada rethinks approaches to food guidance, insights into the needs of seniors in rural communities are important to ensure their nutrition issues are addressed. This study aimed to explore the food guidance needs and wants of a group of seniors living in Antigonish, Nova Scotia.

Methods: Three focus groups were held with a total of 12 participants over the age of 65 years, living independently in the community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-002DOI Listing

The Relationship between Texture-Modified Diets, Mealtime Duration, and Dysphagia Risk in Long-Term Care.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 25:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

f University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB.

Many long-term care (LTC) residents have an increased risk for dysphagia and receive texture-modified diets. Dysphagia has been shown to be associated with longer mealtime duration, and the use of texture-modified diets has been associated with reduced nutritional intake. The current study aimed to determine if the degree of diet modification affected mealtime duration and to examine the correlation between texture-modified diets and dysphagia risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-004DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Acceptability of Donor Human Milk in Muslim Populations in Canada.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

a School of Food and Nutritional Science, Brescia University College, London, ON.

Human milk is considered to be the best nutritional option for newborns. When a mother gives birth prematurely, she may have difficulty providing breast milk for her child. Pasteurized donor human milk (DM) is a better feeding alternative than preterm formula. Read More

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https://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-006DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Blenderized Tube Feeding: A Survey of Dietitians' Perspectives, Education, and Perceived Competence.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 25:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

b University of British Columbia, Dietetics Program, Vancouver, BC.

Increasingly, patients and their caregivers desire blenderized tube feeding (BTF) as an alternative or adjunct to commercial enteral formula. Although dietitians are central in the care of tube fed patients, they do not necessarily have training or experience with BTF and may therefore find it challenging to manage the nutrition of patients who opt for this enteral nutrition approach. To describe dietitians' perspectives, perceived competence, and education on BTF, a cross-sectional survey was conducted by use of an original questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-007DOI Listing

How Can Dietitians Leverage Change for Sustainable Food Systems in Canada?

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 25:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

b Department of Strategic Sustainable Development, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Karlskrona, Sweden.

Purpose: In this paper, we begin to set out language defining sustainable food systems (SFS) in Canada, through the voices of dietitians, and identify leverage points where dietitians can affect change.

Methods: Dietitians of Canada members were invited to a Delphi Inquiry process; questions explored a vision of SFS in Canada, barriers to that vision, and actions. Results were independently analysed by 2 members of the research team who used the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development to structure the data. Read More

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https://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-005DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Implementing a Clinical Practice Change: Adopting the Nutrition Care Process.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 25:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Clinical Dietetics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON.

The Nutrition Care Process (NCP), created by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, provides a framework that encourages critical thinking and promotes uniform documentation by Registered Dietitians (RD). Additionally, it creates a link between the nutrition assessment, nutrition intervention, and the predicted or actual nutrition outcome. NCP has been integrated into a number of institutions in Canada and internationally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-003DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Acculturation and Dietary Acculturation among Arab Muslim Immigrants in Canada.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 25:1-7. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Public Health & Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON.

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to assess Arab Muslim immigrant mothers' acculturation level, to explore apparent links between acculturation level and experiences of dietary changes, and to gather information on factors affecting dietary acculturation.

Methods: Semi-structured individual interviews focusing on food choices were conducted with 24 mothers who had been in Canada 5 years or more. An adapted version of an existing acculturation scale was used to assess participants' perception of their own acculturation. Read More

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https://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-008
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March 2019
9 Reads

Food unites dietitians in diverse roles.

Authors:

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03;80(1)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2019-001DOI Listing

Calorie Intake from Alcohol in Canada: Why New Labelling Requirements are Necessary.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

c Public Health Ontario, Toronto, ON.

We estimated calorie intake from alcohol in Canada, overall and by gender, age, and province, and provide evidence to advocate for mandatory alcohol labelling requirements. Annual per capita (aged 15+) alcohol sales data in litres of pure ethanol by beverage type were taken from Statistics Canada's CANSIM database and converted into calories. The apportionment of consumption by gender, age, and province was based on data from the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drug Survey. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-046
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-046DOI Listing
February 2019
24 Reads

"Detoxify or Die": Qualitative Assessments of Ontario Nutritionists' and Dietitians' Blog Posts Related to Detoxification Diets.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia University College, Western University, London, ON.

While the title Registered Dietitian (RD) is regulated under provincial legislation in Ontario and other Canadian provinces, the title "nutritionist" is not regulated in Ontario, which poses potential risks to consumers who place misguided trust in those proclaiming to be nutrition experts. This is concerning as nutrition is a complex health care discipline and RDs, the recognized providers of credible nutrition information, must be registered with an accredited regulatory college that requires them to have undergone rigorous training, practicum placements, entrance examinations, and continuous professional development. The purpose of this study was to determine if Ontario-based unregulated nutritionists and RDs are providing safe, evidence-based, information regarding detoxification diets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-047DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence and Characteristics Associated with Modified Texture Food Use in Long Term Care: An Analysis of Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) Project.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

e Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON.

Purpose: To describe the prevalence and characteristics of modified-texture food (MTF) consumers when applying standard diet terminology.

Methods: Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) is a cross-sectional multi-site study including 32 long-term care (LTC) homes located in 4 Canadian provinces. Resident characteristics were collected from health records using a defined protocol and extraction form. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-045DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Preferences Associated with the Northern Fruit and Vegetable Program (2014-2016).

Authors:
Sarah J Woodruff

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON.

Purpose: To examine overall usual fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and preferences among grade 5-8 students participating in the Northern Fruit and Vegetable Program (NFVP) over 3 years (2014-2016).

Methods: In each year, a survey was administered 4 months into the NFVP in Northern Ontario, Canada.

Results: A total of 4744 students participated (2014 = 1551; 2015 = 1617; 2016 = 1576). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-042DOI Listing
February 2019

Adverse Birth Outcomes Associated with Types of Eating Disorders: A Review.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia University College, London, ON.

At least 5% of women have an eating disorder (ED) during pregnancy. These EDs affect prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy, factors associated with birth complications and adverse neonatal outcomes. This review contributes to the literature by examining several adverse birth outcomes associated with EDs and differentiates between past and present EDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-044DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Full-Time Employment, Diet Quality, and Food Skills of Canadian Parents.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

a School of Nutrition, Laval University, Pavillon Paul-Comtois, Quebec, QC.

Purpose: To explore the associations between full-time employment status, food skills, and diet quality of Canadian parents.

Methods: A sample of Canadian parents (n = 767) were invited to complete a web-based survey that included sociodemographic variables, questions about food skills, and a validated food frequency questionnaire. Results were analyzed with linear and logistic regression models, controlling for sociodemographic variables and multiple testing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-041DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Prenatal Nutrition in Team-Based Care: Current Practices and Opportunities for Optimization of Care.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 02 7:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON.

Purpose: To describe prenatal nutrition care currently delivered by Family Health Teams (FHTs) and Community Health Centres (CHCs) in Ontario, from the perspectives of health care providers, and to identify opportunities for improving care.

Methods: Ten 1-hour, interdisciplinary focus groups were conducted in FHTs and CHCs, involving a total of 73 health care providers. Focus groups ranged in size from 3 to 11 team members, and at least 3 different professions participated in each group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-043DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

RE: Inclusive Dietetic Practice.

Authors:

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11;79(4):156

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-032DOI Listing
November 2018

Young adults' barriers and enablers to healthy eating.

Authors:

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11;79(4):155

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-040DOI Listing
November 2018

Exploring Nutrition Labelling of Food and Beverages in Vending Machines in Canadian Recreational Sport Settings.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

a School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.

Purpose: To evaluate whether interpretive "health" labels placed in vending machines in recreation centres represented products' nutrient content when compared with provincial nutrition guidelines.

Methods: A cross-sectional audit (November 2015 - April 2016) of 139 vending machines in recreation facilities found 525 foods and beverages in 17 machines labelled by vendors according to healthfulness. Product nutrient content was compared with provincial nutrition guideline criteria. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-039DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Employment Outcomes among Registered Dietitians following Graduation in Manitoba.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 15:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

a Department of Community Health Sciences, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB.

Purpose: The study objectives were to (i) describe employment outcomes among Registered Dietitians (RDs) who graduated from the University of Manitoba, (ii) test for differences in employment outcomes according to graduation year, and (iii) compare preferred area of practice and geography prior to employment with past and current employment.

Methods: Graduates of the Human Nutritional Sciences program (2006-2015) were invited to participate in an online survey. Data on respondent demographics, education, and employment outcomes were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-035DOI Listing
November 2018

Evaluation of a Patient Experience Tool in Dietetic Practice: Validation and Clinical Usage of the Assessment of Registered Dietitian Care Survey (ARCS).

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 15:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Nutrition Services, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB.

Purpose: The study aim was to evaluate a patient experience survey, the Assessment of Registered Dietitian Care Survey (ARCS), that is aligned with a nutrition counselling approach (NCA) and evidence-based chronic disease care for use in outpatient registered dietitian (RD) practice.

Methods: Criterion and construct validity were examined using Pearson correlation coefficients and principal components analyses, respectively. Reliability was examined using Pearson correlations and Cronbach's α. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-036DOI Listing
November 2018

The Impact of Canadian School Food Programs on Children's Nutrition and Health: A Systematic Review.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

e Department of Geography, Health Studies, Paediatrics, and Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Western University, London, ON.

The quality of children's diets has declined over the past few decades, giving rise to a variety of health-related consequences. In response to this trend, school food programs have become an increasingly effective method to support nutrition and lifelong healthy eating habits. This systematic review synthesizes current academic literature pertaining to school nutrition programs in Canada to identify existing interventions and their impacts on children's nutritional knowledge, dietary behaviour, and food intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-037DOI Listing
November 2018

Nutrition Care of Critically Ill Patients with Leukemia: A Retrospective Study.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 15;80(1):34-38. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

c Department of Medicine and Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.

Adults with acute leukemia (AL) are at high risk of malnutrition due to their disease and treatment side effects and may be admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), further increasing the risk of malnutrition. Although ICU care includes some form of nutrition, patients typically receive less than prescribed energy and protein. Our objective was to characterize the nutrition care for critically ill patients with AL. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-033DOI Listing
March 2019
20 Reads

Diversity and Equity in Dietetics and Undergraduate Nutrition Education in Manitoba.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 15;80(1):44-46. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

b Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB.

Purpose: The objectives of this study were (i) to describe ethnicity, tuition funding sources, and living arrangements during degree among Registered Dietitian (RD) and non-RD alumni of the University of Manitoba's undergraduate nutrition program and (ii) to describe barriers to obtaining an internship among those who did not become an RD.

Methods: A 31-item, self-administered, online questionnaire was distributed to nutrition graduates. Binary logistic regression was used to test for predictors of RD status (vs. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-034DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Are Dietitians Documenting Malnutrition Based on Subjective Global Assessment Category?

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 15:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

a Clinical Nutrition, Fraser Health, Surrey, BC.

Purpose: This study reports on dietitian use of the Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) diagnosis of malnutrition based on Subjective Global Assessment (SGA).

Methods: Nutrition assessment reports for adults in medical, surgical, and cardiac units in 13 Canadian hospitals were retrospectively examined for a 6-week period in 2014. Reports with a SGA and NCPT diagnosis were included regardless of why the patient was seen by the dietitian. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-038
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-038DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Dietary Changes Albertan Women Make During Pregnancy: Thematic Analysis of Self-reported Changes and Reasons.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 3;80(1):39-43. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Alberta Health Services, Calgary, AB.

Purpose: To explore dietary changes Albertan women make during pregnancy, reasons they make changes, and alignment with prenatal nutrition recommendations.

Methods: Women up to 6 months postpartum were recruited in public health centres and Primary Care Networks. Qualitative data were collected through a self-administered survey including 2 open-ended questions that asked about changes made to food/beverage intake during pregnancy and why these changes were made. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-031DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Survey of Nutrition Practice in Patients with Severe Sepsis among Canadian Registered Dietitians.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 3;80(1):8-13. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

c Division of Pediatric Intensive Care, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the opinions and reported nutrition practices of Canadian Registered Dietitians (RDs) with regard to feeding patients with severe sepsis.

Methods: In 2017, surveys were sent to 112 eligible Canadian RDs in 10 provinces who were practicing in an intensive care environment. The survey included embedded branching logic questions developed to address major facets of sepsis, critical illness, and nutrition. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-029DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Describing Food Availability in Schools Using Different Healthy Eating Guidelines: Moving Forward with Simpler Nutrition Recommendations.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 3;80(1):22-29. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

a Healthy Populations Institute, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS.

Purpose: Internationally, there is debate on whether a nutrient or a food-based approach to policy is more effective. This study describes the food/beverage availability in schools in Nova Scotia through a comparison of a traditional nutrient classification ("Maximum/Moderate/Minimum"), currently used in the provincial school policy and a simplified food-based system ("Core/Extra").

Methods: School food environment audits were conducted in schools (n = 25) to record the food and beverages available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-030DOI Listing

Grocery Shopping, Dinner Preparation, and Dietary Habits among Adolescents and Young Adults in Canada.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 3;79(4):157-163. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

b School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON.

Purpose: The current study aimed to characterize grocery shopping and dinner preparation behaviours among young people in Canada and to examine associations with eating habits.

Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 2008 participants aged 16-24 from across Canada. The survey measured self-reported grocery shopping and dinner preparation behaviours, frequency of eating breakfast and eating meals prepared away from home, frequency of vegetable and fruit intake, and socio-demographic characteristics. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-025DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Exploring Social Justice Advocacy in Dietetic Education: A Content Analysis.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 3;80(1):2-7. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, NS.

Purpose: To explore the extent to which knowledge- and skill-based learning regarding social justice and/or social justice advocacy is included in the course descriptions of required courses of accredited, English-speaking dietitian training programs in Canada.

Methods: This study is a mixed-methods content analysis of required course descriptions sampled from university academic calendars for accredited, English-speaking dietitian training programs across Canada.

Results: Quantitative analysis showed that required course descriptions (n = 403) included few instances of social justice-related terminology (n = 63). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-027DOI Listing

Determining Student Food Insecurity at Memorial University of Newfoundland.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 3;80(1):14-21. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Division of Community Health & Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL.

Purpose: Our study compared the prevalence of food insecurity among 3 student groups attending Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN): International (INT), Canadian out-of-province (OOP), and Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). Factors associated with food insecurity were also investigated.

Methods: Data were collected via an online survey distributed to an estimated 10 400 returning MUN students registered at a campus in St. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-026DOI Listing
March 2019
35 Reads

Food Service Workers: Reliable Assessors of Food Intake in Hospitalized Patients.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2019 03 3;80(1):30-33. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Nutrition and Food Services and Research and Performance Support, Saskatchewan Health Authority, Regina, SK.

Early detection of malnutrition in hospitalized patients is of paramount importance. As poor food intake is a marker of malnutrition risk, a simple and accurate method to monitor intake is valuable. This quality assurance project aimed to determine if food service workers (FSW) were able to provide accurate estimates of patient intakes through visually assessing meal trays at an acute care hospital. Read More

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http://dcjournal.ca/doi/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-028
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-028DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Reducing weight stigma.

Authors:

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 14;79(3):91. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-024DOI Listing
September 2018

Listen… and Speak: A Discussion of Weight Bias, its Intersections with Homophobia, Racism, and Misogyny, and Their Impacts on Health.

Authors:
Gerry Kasten

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 14;79(3):133-138. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

a Healthy Living, Sea to Sky, Vancouver Coastal Health, Squamish, BC.

This article is a version of the Ryley-Jeffs Memorial Lecture, delivered on 8 June 2018. It discusses weight bias and the intersections with homophobia, racism, and misogyny, and how these impact health. While the dominant discourse attests that people can lose weight and keep it off, evidence informs us that maintenance of weight loss is unlikely. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-023DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Size Matters: Package Size Influences Recognition of Serving Size Information.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 16;79(4):200-202. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

a Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK.

Purpose: To identify the impact of package size on an individual's use of serving size information. The hypothesis was that participants would make more serving size assumption errors on a nutrition facts table (NFT) interpretation task when assessing packages that appear as a single serving but contain multiple servings, compared with products that appear as a multi-serving and contain multiple servings.

Methods: Sixty participants were randomized into 1 of 3 conditions (n = 20 each); products that appeared as a single serving and contain a single serving (SSSS), products that appeared as a single serving and contain multiple servings (SSMS), and products that both appear as a multi-serving and contain multiple servings (MSMS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-020DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Changes in Energy Metabolism from Prepregnancy to Postpartum: A Case Report.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 16;79(4):191-195. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

c Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Division of Human Nutrition, 2-021E Li KaShing Center for Health Research Innovation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.

Purpose: Energy metabolism is at the core of maintaining healthy body weights. Likewise, the assessment of energy needs is essential for providing adequate dietary advice. We explored differences in energy metabolism of a primigravid woman (age: 30 years) at 1 month prepregnancy ("baseline"), during pregnancy (33 weeks), and at 3 and 9 months postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-016DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads

Dietetic Staffing and Workforce Capacity Planning in Primary Health Care.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 16;79(4):181-185. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

d Dietitians of Canada.

The addition of Registered Dietitians (RD) to primary health care (PHC) teams has been shown to be effective in improving health and economic outcomes with reported savings of $5 to $99 New Zealand dollars for every $1 spent on nutrition interventions. Despite proven benefits, very few Canadians have access to dietitians in PHC. This paper summarizes the literature on dietetic staffing ratios in PHC in Canada and other countries with similar PHC systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-018DOI Listing
November 2018

Moving from Policy to Practice: A Report of School Nutrition Policy Adherence in Nova Scotia.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 16;79(4):196-199. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

a Healthy Populations Institute, School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS.

Purpose: School food and nutrition policies have the potential to encourage healthier eating among children and youth to address rising concerns of poor diet quality. Despite their widespread implementation, there is little reported monitoring of policy adherence. This short report describes adherence to the provincial school food and nutrition policy in Nova Scotia (NS) that was implemented in 2006. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-017DOI Listing
November 2018

Improving Documentation of Pediatric Height, Weight, and Body Mass Index by Primary Care Providers.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 16;79(4):186-190. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

d Department of Human Environmental Studies, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI.

The regular documentation of anthropometric data in an electronic medical record (EMR) is one tracking method used by primary care providers to follow the growth trajectory and development of children in their health care practices. EMR reminders have been proposed as a method to increase recording of pediatric height and weight by primary care providers, leading to potentially better detection and management of children classified as overweight or obese. The aim of this pre-post study was to improve a Family Health Team's physician documentation of pediatric height and weight through the implementation of an EMR reminder alert tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-019DOI Listing
November 2018

Accuracy of two Generic Prediction Equations and One Population-Specific Equation for Resting Energy Expenditure in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 16;79(4):164-169. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

a Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, Montreal, QC.

Purpose: The primary aim was to assess the accuracy of common prediction equations, the Harris-Benedict (HB) and the Mifflin St. Jeor (MSJ) equations, for estimating resting energy expenditure (REE) among people with spinal cord injury (SCI) against actual REE measurements. The secondary aim was to cross-validate the Buchholz et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-021DOI Listing
November 2018

Parental Reports of Lunch-Packing Behaviours Lack Accuracy: Reported Barriers and Facilitators to Packing School Lunches.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 12;79(3):99-105. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

c School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia University College, London, ON.

Purpose: Parents influence the foods their children consume and often provide proxy reports of this intake. One way parents exert this influence is by providing home-packed lunches. This study compared parental reports of foods packed in children's lunches with what was actually packed and identified parental barriers and facilitators to packing lunches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-011DOI Listing
September 2018

A Canadian University "Understanding Foods" Course Improves Confidence in Food Skills and Food Safety Knowledge.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 12;79(4):170-175. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

a Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON.

The impact of a hands-on foods course on undergraduate students' food skills was examined at the University of Guelph. For a convenience sample, first- and second-year students (n = 47, 87% female) registered in the "Understanding Foods" course were recruited to participate in a survey administered on Qualtrics at the beginning of the semester and again at the end of the semester. Participants were asked questions related to demographics and food habits; additional questions on food skills, in Likert-scale format, included confidence in food preparation, food safety knowledge, and grocery shopping habits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-012DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Ontario Menu Calorie Labelling Legislation: Consumer Calorie Knowledge Six Months Post-Implementation.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 12;79(3):129-132. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

b Department of Food Science and Agri-food Supply Chain Management, Harper Adams University, Newport, UK.

Purpose: In the province of Ontario, a new law requires restaurants and food service providers, with more than 20 locations in Ontario, to prominently list the calorie content of their food items on the menu. This study examined if the new calorie information shifted the Ontario consumer's ability to more accurately estimate calories.

Methods: Using an online survey, consumers (n = 665 non-Ontario control and n = 694 Ontario) were asked to estimate the calories of a popular menu item (a cheeseburger) prior to this new legislation and 3 months and 6 months after the introduction of the mandated calorie labels on menus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-013DOI Listing
September 2018

Point-of-Purchase Labels and Reward Cards Improve Sales of Healthy Foods in University Dining Halls.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 12;79(3):92-98. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

a School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia University College, London, ON.

Purpose: To compare sales of Food Resources and Education for Student Health (FRESH) Approved versus non-FRESH Approved menu cycle items pre- and postimplementation of the FRESH program.

Methods: Sales data from 2011-2015 of FRESH Approved versus non-FRESH Approved menu items were analyzed. Fruit and milk items sold, net sales, and the cost of free fruit and milk redeemed through the FRESH Reward Card (FRC) program, were also analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-009DOI Listing
September 2018

Dietary Intake and Micronutrient Supplementation in Youth with Celiac Disease with and without Type 1 Diabetes.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 12;79(3):118-124. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

a Department of Agricultural, Food & Nutrition Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.

The study purpose was to describe dietary intake and the factors influencing micronutrient supplements (MS) use in Celiac Disease (CD) ± Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). Three-day food records collected from parents of youth (3-18 years) with CD (n = 14) ± T1D (n = 10) were assessed for macro and micronutrient intake, diet quality (DQ), glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and food group intake. Focus group methodology and thematic concept analysis were conducted to determine factors influencing adolescent MS use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-010DOI Listing
September 2018

Opportunities and Challenges for Practical Training in Public Health: Insights from Practicum Coordinators in Ontario.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 11 12;79(4):176-180. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

a School of Nutrition, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON.

Dietetic educators and practicum coordinators (PC) play critical roles in preparing students for practice. Dietitians have made significant progress in the development of educational curricula, competencies, and other resources to support knowledge and skill attainment in public health. There are identified gaps in the literature concerning practical training in sustainable food systems and public health, creating barriers in knowledge exchange and improvements in practicum programs in Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-014DOI Listing
November 2018

Ingredients for Success: Strategies to Support Local Food Use in Health Care Institutions.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 12;79(3):113-117. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

c University of Guelph, Guelph, ON.

There is growing interest in use of local food within health care institutions such as hospitals and long-term care homes. This study explored stakeholder perspectives on (i) influences on local food use and (ii) strategies that support success and sustainability of use in health care institutions. Fifteen participants who were institutional leaders with experience in implementing or supporting local food use in health care institutions in Ontario were recruited through purposeful and snowball sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-008DOI Listing
September 2018

Inclusive dietetic practice.

Authors:

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 06 16;79(2):47. Epub 2018 May 16.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-015DOI Listing

Current Practices and Priority Issues Regarding Nutritional Assessment and Patient Satisfaction with Hospital Menus.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 06 16;79(2):48-54. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

a School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Brescia University College, London, ON.

Purpose: Patient satisfaction with hospital food enhances consumption and adequate intake of nutrients required for recovery from illness/injury and maintenance of health; accordingly, the nutrient content of the menu must balance patient preferences. This study of Ontario hospital foodservice departments collected data on current practices of analyzing the nutritional adequacy and assessing patient satisfaction with menus, and it explored perceptions of priority issues.

Methods: Foodservice managers/directors from 57 of 140 (41%) hospitals responded to cross-sectional in-depth telephone interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-002DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Awareness of Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Possible Health Effects among Young Adults.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 09 16;79(3):106-112. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

a Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph ON.

Purpose: To assess awareness of omega-3 fatty acids (FAs) and their possible health effects among young adults.

Methods: An online survey was deployed to young adults. Questionnaire development involved identification of topic areas by content experts and adaptation of questions from previous consumer surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-005DOI Listing
September 2018

A Qualitative Study Exploring the Experience of the Male Dietitian from Student to Professional.

Can J Diet Pract Res 2018 06 15;79(2):55-59. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

a Department of Applied Human Nutrition, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, NS.

Purpose: In Canada, dietitians serve a sex-diverse population despite the profession being predominately female (>95%). It is unknown why there are so few male dietitians. The objective of the present study was to explore the experience of the male dietitian, as a minority, in female-dominated dietetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2018-003DOI Listing
June 2018
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