10,235 results match your criteria Campylobacter Infections


Recent Advances in the Use of Molecular Methods for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Infections.

Pathogens 2022 Jun 8;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Human Pathology, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy.

Infections caused by bacteria have a major impact on public health-related morbidity and mortality. Despite major advances in the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections, the latter continue to represent a significant economic and social burden worldwide. The WHO compiled a list of six highly virulent multidrug-resistant bacteria named ESKAPE (, , , , , and species) responsible for life-threatening diseases. Read More

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Source Attribution of Human Campylobacteriosis Using Whole-Genome Sequencing Data and Network Analysis.

Pathogens 2022 Jun 3;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Research Group for Genomic Epidemiology, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark.

spp. are a leading and increasing cause of gastrointestinal infections worldwide. Source attribution, which apportions human infection cases to different animal species and food reservoirs, has been instrumental in control- and evidence-based intervention efforts. Read More

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Bacterial Pathogens in Food: Modern Safety Criteria and Methods of Molecular Genetic Analysis.

Authors:
N R Efimochkina

Bull Exp Biol Med 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Federal Research Center of Nutrition and Biotechnology, Moscow, Russia.

The review is devoted to the issues of improving the food biosafety system by developing and implementing modern methods of microbiological and molecular genetic analysis and new safety standards for the main groups of food products. The results of fundamental and applied microbiological research in the field of food safety conducted by the Federal Research Center for Nutrition and Biotechnology are presented. We demonstrated the necessity of a detailed study of the ecology and features of survival of new types of pathogenic microorganisms and evaluation of the role of technological factors in the formation of altered properties of these pathogens in food production environment. Read More

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Risk Factors for Multiple Infections with Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter in Single Individuals Identified in Israel between 1999 and 2020: A Case-Case Control Study.

Isr Med Assoc J 2022 Jun;24(6):360-363

Israel Center for Disease Control, Israel Ministry of Health, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Background: Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter are highly prevalent among children. Reports on risk factors of patients infected with all three pathogens, not simultaneously, are scarce.

Objectives: To identify risk factors for multiple infection with Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter in the same child. Read More

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Clinical outcomes of campylobacteriosis: a case series analysis of hospitalisations associated with the Havelock North Campylobacter outbreak.

N Z Med J 2021 Dec 17;134(1547):71-84. Epub 2021 Dec 17.

Professor of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington 6242, New Zealand.

Aim: In August 2016, a large waterborne campylobacteriosis outbreak occurred in Havelock North, New Zealand. This analysis describes the clinical complications of cases admitted to hospital as a result of acute infection, identifies risk factors for hospitalisation and compares deaths between hospitalised and non-hospitalised cases. Hospital admissions with post-infectious sequelae were excluded as they are the subject of a separate analysis. Read More

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December 2021

A restatement of the natural science evidence base regarding the source, spread and control of species causing human disease.

Proc Biol Sci 2022 06 15;289(1976):20220400. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, 11a Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3SZ, UK.

Food poisoning caused by (campylobacteriosis) is the most prevalent bacterial disease associated with the consumption of poultry, beef, lamb and pork meat and unpasteurized dairy products. A variety of livestock industry, food chain and public health interventions have been implemented or proposed to reduce disease prevalence, some of which entail costs for producers and retailers. This paper describes a project that set out to summarize the natural science evidence base relevant to campylobacteriosis control in as policy-neutral terms as possible. Read More

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Increased Seroprevalence of Campylobacter jejuni, but not HEV, in healthcare workers in gastroenterological endoscopy.

Z Gastroenterol 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Anatomy and Experimental Morphology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: The exposure of healthcare workers (HCW) to fecal-orally transmitted pathogens like hepatitis E Virus (HEV), or is still not known. The potential risk for employees or patients to acquire these infections through asymptomatic infected healthcare personnel has not yet been studied. Physicians and nurses in gastroenterology working in endoscopic workspaces were recruited. Read More

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Reactive arthritis incidence in a community cohort following a large waterborne campylobacteriosis outbreak in Havelock North, New Zealand.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 6;12(6):e060173. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Hawke's Bay District Health Board, Napier, The New Zealand.

Objectives: In August 2016, Campylobacter spp contaminated an untreated reticulated water supply resulting in a large-scale gastroenteritis outbreak affecting an estimated 8320 people. We aimed to determine the incidence of probable reactive arthritis (ReA) cases in individuals with culture-confirmed campylobacteriosis (CC), self-reported probable campylobacteriosis (PC) and those reporting no diarrhoea (ND).

Design: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to identify incidence of probable ReA cases. Read More

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Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Campylobacter jejuni in raw retail chicken meat in Metropolitan Accra, Ghana.

Int J Food Microbiol 2022 Sep 28;376:109760. Epub 2022 May 28.

Veterinary Public Health Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, P.O. Box 1555, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Although, Campylobacter spp. are a major cause of foodborne gastroenteritis, its occurrence and antimicrobial resistance traits have not been well defined in low income countries, particularly in Africa. In this study, retail chicken was sampled (n = 400) between February 2019 to January 2020 in Metropolitan Accra, Ghana, to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Campylobacter jejuni. Read More

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September 2022

Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni in large-billed crows (Corvus macrorhynchos) in Tochigi prefecture, Japan.

J Vet Med Sci 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

National Veterinary Assay Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

As free-living crows are a potential source of Campylobacter infections in broilers and cattle, we characterized Campylobacter spp. isolated from crows using multilocus sequence typing and antimicrobial susceptibility testing. We obtained 82 samples from 27 birds captured at seven different times using a trap set in Tochigi prefecture, Japan. Read More

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Validation of RapidChek® Campylobacter Test System for the Detection of C. jejuni, C. coli, and C. lari in Poultry Samples AOAC performance tested MethodSM 052201.

J AOAC Int 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

Romer Labs, Inc, 130 Sandy Drive, Newark, Delaware, 19713.

Background: Campylobacter is one of the leading causes of human bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Campylobacter infections are most often associated with the consumption of raw milk, undercooked poultry, and contaminated water.

Objective: The RapidChek® Campylobacter test system (PTM Number 052201) was validated for the detection of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter lari in raw ground chicken, chicken carcass rinse, and turkey carcass sponges. Read More

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Wild boars as reservoir for Campylobacter and Arcobacter.

Vet Microbiol 2022 Jul 14;270:109462. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Veterinary and Biosciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Heidestraat 19, Merelbeke, Belgium; Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, Ghent University, Karel Lodewijk Ledeganckstraat 35, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:

Campylobacteriosis is a significant public health concern with Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli as main causative agents. Moreover, there is an increasing recognition of other pathogenic Campylobacter species and Campylobacter-like organisms as Arcobacter. However, current knowledge on presence of Arcobacter species in wild boars (Sus scrofa) is lacking, and knowledge on Campylobacter species is based on methods favoring growth of thermotolerant species. Read More

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Network-wide analysis of the Serosep EntericBio Gastro Panel 2 for the detection of enteric pathogens in Public Health Wales microbiology laboratories.

J Med Microbiol 2022 May;71(5)

Public Health Wales Microbiology, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff, UK.

A retrospective data analysis of 34 months (spanning 2016-2020) of 961573 diagnostic results obtained before and after nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) implementation, across the Public Health Wales microbiology network. This is the first network-wide analysis of the implementation of enteric NAAT in diagnostic microbiology. To assess the outcome of replacing microscopy and bacterial culture with NAAT as the primary test in the diagnosis of: spp. Read More

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Monitoring AMR in from Italy in the last 10 years (2011-2021): Microbiological and WGS data risk assessment.

EFSA J 2022 May 25;20(Suppl 1):e200406. Epub 2022 May 25.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise Giuseppe Caporale - IZSAM Teramo Italy.

is considered as the main pathogen in human food-borne outbreaks worldwide. Over the past years, several studies have reported antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in strains. In Europe, the official monitoring of AMR comprises the testing of spp. Read More

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from Slaughter Age Broiler Chickens: Genetic Characterization, Virulence, and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes.

Int J Microbiol 2022 19;2022:1713213. Epub 2022 May 19.

Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2531, South Africa.

is a major cause of food-borne human gastroenteritis worldwide and is designated as a high priority antimicrobial-resistant pathogen by the World Health Organization (WHO). In this study, a total of 26 isolates from broiler chickens were screened for the presence of virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes by PCR. As a result, the study detected 11/26 (42. Read More

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Live-Attenuated Oral Vaccines to Reduce Colonization in Poultry.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 Apr 27;10(5). Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

The control of in poultry at the pre-harvest level is critical to reducing foodborne infections with since the consumption of contaminated poultry is the most frequent cause of human campylobacteriosis. Although poultry vaccination is suggested as useful intervention measures, no vaccines are currently available. To develop live-attenuated oral vaccines, in this study, we evaluated the efficacy of pre-colonization by oxidative stress defense mutants, including knockout mutants of , , and , in preventing from colonizing poultry. Read More

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Antibiotic Resistance in spp. Isolated from Broiler Chicken Meat and Human Patients in Estonia.

Microorganisms 2022 May 22;10(5). Epub 2022 May 22.

Chair of Food Hygiene and Veterinary Public Health, Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 56/3, 51014 Tartu, Estonia.

Poultry meat is considered the most important source of spp. Because of rising antimicrobial resistance in spp., this study investigated the antimicrobial resistance of isolates from fresh broiler chicken meat originating from the Baltic countries sold in Estonian retail settings. Read More

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Agents of Campylobacteriosis in Different Meat Matrices in Brazil.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 05 17;19(10). Epub 2022 May 17.

Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia 38402-018, Brazil.

We aimed to identify the prevalence of thermophilic species of in meats of different species available on the Brazilian commercial market and to determine the genetic diversity, antimicrobial resistance and virulence potential of the isolates. A total of 906 samples, including chicken, beef and pork carcasses and chicken and beef livers, were purchased in retail outlets, and prevalences of 18.7% (46/246), 3. Read More

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Identification of Therapeutic Targets in an Emerging Gastrointestinal Pathogen and Possible Intervention through Natural Products.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 May 18;11(5). Epub 2022 May 18.

PCMD, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan.

is a Gram-negative, anaerobic, non-spore-forming bacteria that causes gastrointestinal infections. Being the most prevalent cause of bacterial enteritis globally, infection by this bacterium is linked with significant morbidity and mortality in children and immunocompromised patients. No information on pan-therapeutic drug targets for this species is available yet. Read More

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Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Integrated Studies on Salmonella and Campylobacter Prevalence, Serovar, and Phenotyping and Genetic of Antimicrobial Resistance in the Middle East-A One Health Perspective.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2022 Apr 19;11(5). Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Institute of Community and Public Health, Birzeit University, West Bank P.O. Box 14, Palestine.

and are the leading causes of foodborne diseases worldwide. Recently, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become one of the most critical challenges for public health and food safety. To investigate and detect infections commonly transmitted from animals, food, and the environment to humans, a surveillance-response system integrating human and animal health, the environment, and food production components (iSRS), called a One Health approach, would be optimal. Read More

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Need for improved global measurement of early childhood respiratory syncytial virus disease.

Lancet 2022 05 19;399(10340):1993-1995. Epub 2022 May 19.

Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

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Zoonotic Transmission of to Caretakers From Sick Pen Calves Carrying a Mixed Population of Strains With and Without Guillain Barré Syndrome-Associated Lipooligosaccharide Loci.

Front Microbiol 2022 29;13:800269. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Comparative Enteric Diseases Laboratory, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States.

causes foodborne gastroenteritis and may trigger acute autoimmune sequelae including Guillain Barré Syndrome. Onset of neuromuscular paralysis is associated with exposure to lipooligosaccharide (LOS) classes A, B, C, D, and E that mimic and evoke antibodies against gangliosides on myelin and axons of peripheral nerves. Family members managing a Michigan dairy operation reported recurring gastroenteritis. Read More

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Nearest-neighbors matching for case-control study analyses: better risk factor identification from a study of sporadic campylobacteriosis in the United States.

Epidemiology 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Background: Case-control studies are commonly used to explore factors associated with enteric bacterial diseases. Control of confounding is challenging due to the large number of exposures of interest and the low frequencies of many of them.

Methods: We evaluated nearest-neighbors matching in a case-control study (originally 1:1 matched, published in 2004) of sporadic Campylobacter infections that included information on 433 exposures in 2,632 subjects during 1998-1999. Read More

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[Empyema necessitatis caused by Campylobacterrectus. Rapid identification by MALDI-TOF MS].

Rev Argent Microbiol 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

División Interconsultas, Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Departamento de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Empyema necessitatis (EN) is a very rare complication of a pleural empyema, in which the infection extends to adjacent soft tissues. Anaerobic bacteria are very rare etiologic agents of EN, which occurs in the course of chronic infections. We present the first case of empyema necessitatis caused by Campylobacter rectus. Read More

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Comparison of transport crates contamination with Campylobacter spp. before and after the cleaning and disinfection procedure in broiler slaughterhouses.

Poult Sci 2022 Jul 8;101(7):101909. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Centro de Diagnóstico e Pesquisa em Patologia Aviária, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul 91540-000, Brazil.

Campylobacteriosis is one of the most common types of bacterial gastroenteritis affecting humans, and poultry is considered a major source of the causative organism, Campylobacter spp. Broilers may arrive contaminated at slaughterhouses, and transport crates could be considered a potential source of contamination. Thus, cleaning and disinfection procedures are crucial to avoid cross-contamination among flocks. Read More

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Culture and culture-independent diagnostic tests in Campylobacter enteritis.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2022 04 30;16(4):616-621. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Yıldırım Beyazıt University Medicine Faculty, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Campylobacter infections are among the most common causes of bacterial enteritis. This study aims to determine the sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values (PPV) of culture and culture-independent tests for the diagnosis of Campylobacter enteritis.

Methodology: A total of 400 stool samples were included in the study. Read More

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Prevalence, determinants, and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Campylobacter infection among under-five children with diarrhea at Governmental Hospitals in Hawassa city, Sidama, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2022 11;17(5):e0266976. Epub 2022 May 11.

School of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine and Health Science, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Sidama, Ethiopia.

Background: Campylobacteriosis, is a zoonotic bacterial disease observed with a rising worldwide. It is becoming the most commonly recognized cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in under-five mortality in recent years. This study was done to determine the prevalence and determinants of Campylobacter infection among under-fives with acute watery diarrhea. Read More

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Supervised learning using routine surveillance data improves outbreak detection of Salmonella and Campylobacter infections in Germany.

PLoS One 2022 5;17(5):e0267510. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany.

The early detection of infectious disease outbreaks is a crucial task to protect population health. To this end, public health surveillance systems have been established to systematically collect and analyse infectious disease data. A variety of statistical tools are available, which detect potential outbreaks as abberations from an expected endemic level using these data. Read More

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Evaluation of the clinical sensitivity and specificity of the BD Max™ Enteric Bacterial Panel for molecular detection of pathogens for acute gastroenteritis in the Singaporean population.

J Microbiol Methods 2022 Jun 30;197:106478. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Changi General Hospital, 2 Simei Street 3, Singapore 529889, Singapore. Electronic address:

Purpose: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is caused by a wide range of pathogens. Culture methods for the detection of bacterial pathogens is time consuming and labour intensive. This study compared a same-day-to-result commercial molecular method using BD Max™ Enteric Bacterial Panel against conventional culture and laboratory-developed PCR assays (LDTs), and characterised the epidemiology of bacterial AGE in Singapore. Read More

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Case of necrotic enteritis associated with campylobacteriosis and coccidiosis in an adult Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus).

BMC Vet Res 2022 May 2;18(1):160. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics of the Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: To date, Campylobacter jejuni has not been found to be pathogenic to peafowl. The available publications show that out of a total of 44 samples tested from peafowl, this bacterium was isolated only in two cases. Eimeria pavonina infestations in the peafowl have been described, but no fatal cases have been reported yet. Read More

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